GEORGIA TRUST FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION
FALL 2010 | VOL. 37 NO. 4
10 PLACES THAT NEED YOUR HELP
CALL FOR ENTRIES
2011 PRESERVATION AWARDS
SAVE THE DATE
2011 PRESERVATION GALA
A WORD FROM THE PRESIDENT around THE HOUSES
HAY HOUSE DINING ROOM
PLACES IN PERIL RESTORATION UPDATE
PEOPLE IN ACTION
he restoration of the Dining Room at Hay House has
he 2011 Places in Peril list marks the sixth
progressed beautifully over the course of the summer
year of The Georgia Trust’s outstanding 2011 OFFICERS & BOARD OF TRUSTEES
with a team of conservators from International Fine Arts
endangered properties program. Since Ofﬁcers
Conservation Studio (IFACS). Using paint analysis to deter-
2006, we have compiled a list of 10 historic Mr. G. Kimbrough Taylor, Chairman
places across the state that are at risk of neglect,
Mr. Michael L. Starr, Past Chairman mine the colors originally used by the Johnstons in the 1870s,
Mrs. May B. Hollis, Vice-Chairman
lack of funding, encroaching development or Mr. W. Wright Mitchell, Vice-Chairman the conservators have restored the paint ﬁnishes in the ceiling
Mr. Tom B. Wight III, Treasurer
demolition. This program has highlighted the Mr. Leslie G. Callahan III, Secretary
and two friezes: one featuring urns, putti and garlands on a
historic signiﬁcance of some very remarkable gold background just under the barrel vaulted ceiling, and
Executive Committee at Large
sites including Cockspur Lighthouse near Tybee Mr. Robert L. Brown, Jr., FAIA, Decatur the other a lincrusta (raised relief) frieze of fruit on a vine
Island, Pasaquan in Buena Vista, the Wren’s Mr. George Lanier, Atlanta
Mr. Jack Pyburn, FAIA, Atlanta
above the wainscoting. Make plans to visit this fall to view
Nest in Atlanta, and Central State Hospital in Mr. James R. Vaseff, AIA, Decatur additional restoration of the furniture, stained glass, ﬂooring
Milledgeville. The program has also introduced Board of Trustees and more.
us to some very wonderful people. Mrs. Tamara A. Bazzle, FASID, Atlanta
Mr. W. Moses Bond, Atlanta Progress continues on the restoration of Hay House’s dining room.
Mr. Tom Watson Brown, Jr., Evans
In 2008, the National Trust for Historic Preservation awarded The Georgia Trust a Dr. Margaret Calhoon, Atlanta ..........................................................................................
$140,000 Partners in the Field grant in order to enhance our program by hiring a ﬁeld Ms. Carol Chancey, Newnan ..........................................................................................
Mr. Chris Clark, Atlanta
services manager who would work with Places in Peril partners to move these historic Mrs. Greta Covington, Athens
sites from their “endangered” status to the “saved” category. The plan was for our Dr. David Crass, Atlanta
Ms. Patricia Carter Deveau, Atlanta
employee, Jordan Poole, to develop a close working relationship with the key local Ms. Elizabeth Dubose, Savannah N. B. Spellings and spacings are those of the author
Ms. Adina Erwin, Atlanta
organization and individuals near the properties in order to develop and implement a
Mr. Carl Gable, Atlanta
strategy for their preservation. I am pleased to say that the program has been a great Mrs. Carole Grifﬁth, East Point ecently Judge Walter Matthews, Judge Thomas J. Matthews, Paris – 8th December 1853
Mr. F. Shefﬁeld Hale, Atlanta
success. We have not made progress with all the sites – we even lost Bibb Mill in Mr. Nathaniel Hansford, Lexington and Mr. Allen R. Matthews donated letters written by William
Columbus to a ﬁre – but overall our track record is outstanding. Mr. John Hildreth, Charleston. S.C.
Butler Johnston (1809-1887), original owner of Hay House, to The […] The houses in Paris are generally from 4 to 7 stories
Mr. R. Jackson Kelly, Atlanta
Ms. Chris Lambert, Madison Georgia Trust. high. They are constructed so that you enter from the street
Because of the hardworking, creative collaboration between our partners and The Mr. Richard Laub, Atlanta
On the right is an excerpt from a letter by William Butler
Mr. Ira D. Levy, Rome through a large gate (which is a coach way) into a court or
Georgia Trust, we have created positive momentum on most of the places on our Mr. Thomas Little, Atlanta Johnston to his younger brother Edmund Johnston. While W. B.
Mr. Robert Long, Atlanta back yard and from that you enter the house and in the rear
list. The friendships and partnerships we have formed have been even more valuable, Johnston was traveling abroad on a “Grand Tour” honeymoon from
Mrs. Helen Tapp Montgomery, Atlanta
because these relationships, if nurtured properly, will beneﬁt preservation of projects is a winding stair way which leads to the top with a plat-
Mr. William B.Peard, Atlanta 1851-53, Edmund was in Macon managing their joint business
yet to come. These people have also been an enormous inspiration to the trustees and Mr. Richard C. Perkey, Atlanta
ventures and keeping his brother abreast of news at home. form at each story, from which to enter the different apart-
Mrs. Gracie G. Phillips, Atlanta
staff of The Georgia Trust. Mrs. Heidi Ream, Macon “Such a letter, written before design of the Johnston-Felton- ments (the stair way being a publick thoroughfare for the
Mrs. Dean DuBose Smith, Atlanta different families that occupy the house and their visitors).
Mr. Ted Sullivan, Atlanta Hay House had begun, is invaluable because it helps us understand
One such person is Mrs. Betty Collins. This summer, Jordan Poole and I drove to Mr. Jeffery L. Warwick, Atlanta some of the inﬂuences and ideas that William Butler Johnston Each story is [illegible] up in separate apartments with its
Mrs. Harvey L. Wilson, Eatonton
Talbotton, Georgia, to meet Mrs. Collins, her daughter and three priests from the Mr. Smith M. Wilson IV, Athens and his wife Anne Tracy Johnston gathered on their extended bed rooms, parlor, dining room and kitchen for each, and
Episcopal Church to talk about the future of the priceless Zion Church built in 1848 by Mr. Todd M. Wilson, Valdosta honeymoon journey,” said Katey Brown, Director of Hay House. every story has a separate family and in some instances
an unknown master carpenter. For years the Collins family has personally cared for Mr. Mark C. McDonald, President & CEO “For example, in this letter from Paris in 1853, written at the end two or three families in each story. Most of the houses are
the building, doing restoration work, painting, and keeping up the grounds. Now in The Rambler is a quarterly publication of The of their trip, Mr. Johnston is impressed by the houses that rise furnished and you rent an apartment by the month pay-
her eighties and widowed, Mrs. Collins tearfully told our group that she was physically Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation, one seven stories high with a winding stairway and platforms at each ing a month in advance. The whole apartment is furnished
of the country’s largest statewide preservation
unable to care for the building any longer. She poignantly presented the sole surviving story. A similar construction can be found in their eventual home
organizations. The Trust works to protect and complete the Parlor, bed rooms dining room Kitchens are
six-inch brass front door key to Father Jeff Jackson of St. Nicholas Church in nearby preserve Georgia’s historic resources and diverse on Georgia Avenue in Macon, where the seven-story Italianate
cultural heritage. all ready for keeping house with the exception of the linens
Hamilton, Georgia. house features a central, spiral staircase with three landings before
The Rambler seeks to increase public awareness and and knifes and forks and spoons and those you can rent
understanding of preservation’s economic impact
terminating at the cupola.”
I remember thinking preservation, like life, is not a sprint or even a long distance run; from a person who makes it their business to keep such
on community revitalization and quality of life “We are indebted to Judge Walter Matthews, Judge Thomas
it is a relay race. We have to pass the good things along to the next runner. by highlighting current challenges, recent success
J. Matthews, and Mr. Allen R. Matthews -- brothers who are the articles to rent.
stories and how the Trust is active in Georgia’s
preservation efforts statewide. great-grand nephews of William Butler Johnston -- for wanting Anne joins in much love to Flora, Sarah,
Address all correspondence to: to share these original sources with The Georgia Trust,” said Tom yourself and the children –
Traci Clark and I am yours
Rambler Editor & Communications Director
Wight, Treasurer of The Georgia Trust Board and an Advisor to
1516 Peachtree Street, N.W., Atlanta, GA, 30309 Hay House. “Each one of the letters gives us insights into what the W. B. Johnston
Mark C. McDonald or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Johnstons were seeing on their trip, their business interests at home,
President & CEO Special thanks to Georgia Power for printing and updates on family concerns. The generosity of the Matthews
the Rambler. the year the Johnstons’ house was completed (1860). We’re like
family in entrusting these letters to us has come at a perfect time children at Christmas, excited to read these letters and learn more
Cover: Zion Episcopal Church, Talbotton
as we are celebrating the sesquicentennial (150th) anniversary of
Photo by Halston Pitman, www.atlfocus.com about Mr. Johnston’s taste, interests, and business acumen.”
2 | RAMBLER FALL 2010 FALL 2010 RAMBLER | 3
around THE TRUST around THE TRUST
JOIN US FOR THE 2011 ANNUAL
MEETING & SPRING RAMBLE IN
APRIL 1–3, 2011 CALL FOR
T his spring we’re rambling to Macon, when the blooms will be
out, Hay House’s fabulous dining room restoration will be com-
plete, and you’ll have plenty to see and do! The 2011 Annual Meeting
and Spring Ramble will be held on April 1 – 3 in this riverside city
packed with historic homes, a vibrant downtown, and unique sites.
Ramblers will have the opportunity to discover gorgeous downtown Each year, The Georgia Trust recognizes
landmark homes, exciting loft projects, revitalizing intown neighbor- signiﬁcant contributions to the preservation
hoods, and the picturesque outlying neighborhoods of Stanislaus, Vin- of Georgia’s historic resources. The awards
eville, and Shirley Hills. We will dine at the Armory Ballroom and are open to projects completed within the
last three years.
enjoy a rare opportunity to tour Villa Albacini. We will brunch at the
Woodruff House, explore Rose Hill, Macon’s historic cemetery, and The Georgia Trust is now accepting
enjoy events at historic theaters. And of course Ramblers will get a nominations for the following:
special behind-the-scenes tour of Hay House, Macon’s “Palace of the
South,” featuring the magniﬁcently restored dining room. RESTORATION
Thanks to the hard work of our dedicated planning committee, REHABILITATION
including our partners at Historic Macon Foundation, you’ll want to STEWARDSHIP
Villa Albacini, Macon. For the ﬁrst time in many years, Macon’s most
romantic house will be opened for view for The Georgia Trust’s Annual Scramble Your Ramble to customize your weekend to ﬁt your inter- PRESERVATION SERVICE
Meeting & Ramble to be held in Macon in April 1-3, 2011. Neel Reid ests. For more information, please contact our Special Events Man-
SAVE-THE-DATE FOR THE
2011 PRESERVATION GALA
designed this house at the end of his career, and Phillip Trammell
ager at 404-885-7812 or SpecialEvents@GeorgiaTrust.org. For more information on each category and
Schutze oversaw its completion. The design is based on the Baroque
A NEOCLASSICAL CAPER
to download an application, visit
Chapel of the Villa Arvedi outside of Verona, Italy.
AT ATLANTA’S SPOTSWOOD HALL
Photo courtesy www.WalterElliott.com www.georgiatrust.org/preservation/
FRIDAY, MARCH 18, 2011 opportunities.php.
Join the Tour!
The Rosebud Company
Preservation Tour G et out your calendars and turn to the evening of Friday, March 18th,
when we will present the 2011 Preservation Gala: A Neoclassical Caper at
Spotswood Hall. This is a party you won’t want to miss!
Monday, December 6, 2010
North America • 1973-2011 This spectacular 1913 Neoclassical residence sits on several secluded acres ..............................
Looking for a practical, ..............................
Rhodes Hall • Atlanta atop a wooded hill in Buckhead. Built in 1913 by noted Atlanta architect A. Ten
environmentally safe and Eyck Brown, the home also features 1933 interior renovations by Phillip Tram-
The Wren’s Nest • Atlanta mell Shutze. The interior boasts a small rotunda with Asian-themed murals by 2011
historically accurate approach to SCHOLARSHIPS
St. Luke’s Episcopal Church • Atlanta Athos Menaboni and a grand curved staircase.
& NEEL REID PRIZE
preserving wood ﬂoors? Do what Co-Chairs Georgia Schley Richie and Florence Holmes are planning an eve-
Old Hill Place • Tignall, Georgia ning full of lively music, fantastic food, and dancing under the stars. The event
others have done with their old, worn The Georgia Trust is now accepting entries
James and Dolley Madison’s will honor three outstanding preservationists from Columbus, Georgia: Clason for the J. Neel Reid Prize and B. Phinizy
and shabby wood ﬂoors since 1973 –
Montpelier • Orange, Virginia Kyle; Dexter Jordan, and Janice Biggers. Each has been a strong supporter of the Spalding, Hubert B. Owens & Colonial
put them on the Rosebud Tour. Trust and preservation statewide for many years, and together, they spearheaded Dames of America (Georgia chapter)
Stanford White’s Patterson House the preservation movement in Columbus. Scholarships.
You will be in good company. DuPont Circle, Washington, DC With its sweeping setting and architectural grandeur, Spotswood Hall prom-
For more information and to download an
ises to be the ideal spot for a memorable evening. Please join us!
Stan Hywet Hall and Gardens • Akron, Ohio application, visit www.georgiatrust.org/
Henry Morrison Flagler
Museum • Palm Beach Want to Have Fun and Support Preservation? DEADLINE:
404.370.0097 Caserta II • Eastville, Virginia View a full calendar of exciting upcoming Georgia Trust events at Friday, February 11, 2011
www.RosebudFloors.com www.GeorgiaTrust.org or contact our Special Events Manager at (postmark date)
mpurser@rosebudﬂoors.com And your ﬂoors, too! 404-885-7812 or SpecialEvents@GeorgiaTrust.org.
4 | RAMBLER FALL 2010 FALL 2010 RAMBLER | 5
around THE TRUST around THE TRUST
GEORGIA TRUST, HISTORIC TEACHERS TAKE HISTORY
PRESERVATION DIVISION AWARD Originally from New Ellenton, South Carolina, Steven Eubanks INTO THEIR OWN HANDS WITH
ELIZABETH LYON FELLOWSHIP received a B.A. in history from the University of South Carolina. TALKING WALLS
TO STEVEN EUBANKS He is interested in interpreting historic buildings and ﬁnding in-
novative ways to rehabilitate these resources for the beneﬁt of the
O ver the summer, The Georgia Trust sponsored Talking
local economy. Recently, Steven helped complete a historic re- Walls workshops in Bibb, Cobb, DeKalb and Thomas
he Georgia Trust and the Historic Preservation Division counties. Talking Walls, a heritage education program of
source survey of the City of Villa Rica and downtown Bremen.
(HPD) of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources re- The Georgia Trust, familiarizes educators with their local
cently awarded Steven Eubanks the Elizabeth Lyon Fellowship. historic resources and encourages them to incorporate these
About the Elizabeth Lyon Fellowship
A graduate student in resources into lessons during the school year. Participants
The Elizabeth Lyon Fund was established in 1994 in honor of Eliz-
the Public History program of a weeklong Talking Walls workshop enjoy ﬁeldtrips to
abeth Lyon, who served as director of the Historic Preservation
at the University of West museums, historic sites and libraries, and presentations by
Division of DNR from 1976 to 1994 and served as Georgia State
Georgia, Eubanks will pre- local historians and educators. At the end of the weeklong
Historic Preservation Ofﬁcer. The goal of the fund is to provide
pare a statewide historic workshop, participants present a ﬁnal project showing how
ﬁnancial assistance for projects that acquaint undergraduate and
context on mid-20th cen- historic resources can be used in their lesson plans.
graduate students and young professionals with preservation pro-
tury mills in Georgia. The
grams and practices.
project will document the SANTA IS COMING
TO RHODES HALL
To support the ongoing goals of the Elizabeth Lyon Fellowship,
history of mid-20th century
industrial mill buildings, its
donations can be sent to The Georgia Trust at: The Georgia Trust
DECEMBER 5-11, 2010
for Historic Preservation, Elizabeth Lyon Fund, Attn: Kate Ryan,
workers and associated com-
1516 Peachtree St., NW, Atlanta, GA 30309. Checks can be made
munities and the changes in kip the long lines at the mall this year and come to Rhodes Hall
out to The Georgia Trust with “Elizabeth Lyon Fellowship” in the
labor, technology and eco- for a fun, easy and enjoyable Santa experience. From Sunday, De-
nomics that inﬂuenced the transformation of Georgia’s industrial cember 5 until Saturday, December 11, 2010, “the Castle on Peachtree
heritage from the 1950’s to the present. Historic mills Street” will be transformed into a winter wonderland featuring holiday
across Georgia will be used as primary sources. entertainment, music, refreshments, art activities, and best of all, per-
sonal appointments with Santa at Rhodes Hall. All this holiday fun is
MEET THE GEORGIA only $35 per family and includes a color 5x7 photo with Santa. You may
TRUST’S NEW also bring your own camera or video recorder for an additional $10.
MEMBERSHIP MANAGER Don’t miss out on this opportunity to introduce the children in your life
NAWANA WILKERSON (or yourself) to the magic of Santa at Rhodes Hall!
Registration opens October 1, 2010. Spaces are limited, and reser-
T he Georgia Trust welcomes Nawana Wilkerson, the For their ﬁnal project, Talking Walls participants from Thomasville vations are required. For more information, visit www.GeorgiaTrust.org
new Membership Manager, to our staff. Nawana has used historic photographs, maps and directories to create models or contact 404-885-7812, SpecialEvents@GeorgiaTrust.org.
of downtown Thomasville as it appeared in 1895 and 1950.
worked with Raisers Edge (our membership database) for
over 10 years, most recently as Development Associate
at Families First.
A native of Long
Branch, New Jer-
sey, Nawana re-
ceived her B.A.
tions from St.
Her expertise and
are great assets to
the Trust. Nawa-
na can be reached
6 | RAMBLER FALL 2010 FALL 2010 RAMBLER | 7
ZION THE STORY
Built in 1848 by Talbotton master carpenter
James D. Cottigham and master brick mason
Miranda Fort, Zion Episcopal Church was
TALBOTTON, TALBOT COUNTY constructed with a Tudor-Gothic style. The
structure is ﬁlled with ﬁne details stretch-
ing from the crenellated parapets on the roof
to the triple-arched entrance. The interior’s
construction is as detailed as the exterior. The
church has a gallery which was used as seat-
ing for slaves. This slave gallery was used
10 PLACES THAT NEED YOUR HELP! regularly for religious instruction of slaves,
which was encouraged by the bishop of the
diocese and Zion Parishioners. Family box
Once it’s gone, pews, laid out in a double row in the center
with a single row of seven pews on each side,
it’s gone forever. are as originally installed.
The major threats to the site are neglect,
lack of maintenance and lack of funding for
maintenance. The structure has signiﬁcant
wood rot on the exterior along with the need
for typical weathering repairs. Additionally
there is a diseased mature oak tree directly
adjacent to the church, which would crush
the building if it fell.
Zion Episcopal Church, Talbotton Historic Rex Village has recently experienced
Photo by Halston Pitman, www.atlfocus.com
national attention because of its lineage to
First Lady Michelle Obama. Rex Village is a
istoric churches. Courthouses. Old school buildings. Places we pass by so often we no longer notice the swooping ornate
90-acre community featuring properties that
marble, the 100-year-old brickwork, the grand courthouse clock. But these places and more face threats every day– were constructed in the 19th century. The
perhaps more so because we’ve grown so used to seeing them. village is home to such unique structures as
Rex Mill, Rex Bridge, and several period
That’s why The Georgia Trust is bringing attention to ten Places in Peril across the state and providing ways you can help in your homes and mercantile buildings that were
community. Each site represents many similar sites throughout our state that are just as endangered and in need of community help constructed in the late 19th century.
as the ten we have identiﬁed. So take a look at this year’s list, learn more about the program, and ﬁnd out how you can help protect
these properties and others in your community. THE THREAT
The new bypass has caused virtually all pe-
In 2009 and 2010, each Place in Peril received direct assistance as part of The Georgia Trust’s Partners in the Field program, a part- destrian and vehicular trafﬁc to be diverted
nership with the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Our ﬁeld services representative, Jordan Poole, visited each designee and
from the main storefronts. The resulting
lowered property values have created the
worked with the local property owners and community leaders to help form a preservation strategy. He will do the same in 2011.
potential for Rex Village to be purchased by
developers who may seek to inappropriately
redevelop or even demolish the site. Rex is
The Georgia Trust’s Places in Peril program seeks to identify signiﬁcant historic, archaeological and cultural properties that are
unincorporated, has no design codes for new
threatened by demolition, deterioration or insensitive public policy or development, and have a demonstrable level of community
interest, commitment and support. The ten Places in Peril are selected for listing based on several criteria. Sites must be listed or construction and uses septic tank water sys-
eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places or the Georgia Register of Historic Places. Sites must be subject to tems.
a serious threat to their existence or historical, architectural and/or archeological integrity. There must be a demonstrable level of REX, CLAYTON COUNTY
community commitment and support for the preservation of listed sites.
Photos by Halston Pitman, www.atlfocus.com
8 | RAMBLER FALL 2010
THE STORY THE STORY
Also known as the DAR Building, the 1911 The last African-American School on St.
Craigie House is the former location of the Simons Island, the Harrington School rep-
ﬁrst chapter house of the Daughters of the resents the most viable and valuable venue
American Revolution established in Geor- ATLANTA, FULTON COUNTY to interpret the Gullah-Geechee heritage of
gia, which was only the second chapter of St. Simons Island. The building formerly ST. SIMONS ISLAND, GLYNN COUNTY
the DAR established in the country. Report- served as the Harrington Grade School from
edly parts of the original Craigie House were the 1920s until its desegregation in the 1960s,
moved to this site from the Cotton States Ex- when it was converted to a day care facility
position in Piedmont Park, where it was the in the 1970s.
Massachusetts Commonwealth Building. A
Georgia Historical Marker, which was erect- THE THREAT
ed in 1953, is located on the site. The school building was not maintained and
incurred signiﬁcant deterioration through the
THE THREAT years, despite being saved when it was pur-
Inman Park Properties purchased the proper- chased by Glynn Couny and the St. Simons
ty in 2001, but as a result of the downturn in Land Trust as part of a 12-acre park. Last fall,
the real estate market, the building was fore- after a grant request was denied, the building
closed upon. Neglect and apparent squatters, was declared “beyond repair” and a petition
compounded by a price tag of approximately was placed before Glynn County to demolish
$500,000 make the parcel more appealing as the building prior to dismantling the structure
a buildable lot to many potential buyers. and replacing it with a ghost structure. Sup-
porters of the school rallied. The demolition
petition was tabled, and supporters obtained
a second opinion by preservationists that the
building’s foundations were solid and resto-
ration was possible.
THE STORY THE STORY
The John Ross House is the oldest surviving Designated as a local landmark in 2005, this
structure in the metropolitan Chattanooga building is closely associated with the growth
area. The 18th century log cabin offers re- and development of Atlanta as a major medi-
ROSSVILLE, WALKER COUNTY
searchers a plethora of physical data on 18th cal center for Georgia and the Southeast. The
century American frontier construction. Built Medical Arts Building was the ﬁrst high-rise
in 1797 by trader John McDonald, the build- ofﬁce building constructed speciﬁcally for
ing was a major stop for traders and settlers. medical professionals. It was ﬁnanced and
developed during the 1920s.
Settling of the building has been compromis- THE THREAT
ing the construction of the late 18th century The site was affected severely by GDOT’s
building. The Chief John Ross House Asso- “Freeing the Freeways” program in the mid-
ciation maintains the structure and recently 1980s that widened the downtown Atlanta
re-roofed the building with appropriate wood Connector. With the Peachtree Street bridge ATLANTA, FULTON COUNTY
shingles. The association has an elderly closed for a year and the permanent loss of
membership, and due to its location, no local the Alexander Street bridge, many medical
preservation support. Unscheduled repairs practices in the building had difﬁculty re-
are compromising the ﬁnancial stability of maining open.
this well established organization.
Numerous real estate deals have fallen
through. Although there are multiple liens
against the building, the current owners have
it listed for $11 million.
Photos by Halston Pitman, www.atlfocus.com Photos by Halston Pitman, www.atlfocus.com
FAIRVIEW THE STORY
The circa 1924 Fairview School building is This primarily antebellum community con-
one of the few remaining educational struc- tains a large number of architecturally signif-
tures which provided education to African icant buildings. Before the Civil War, Han-
Americans children in Georgia. Much of the cock County was a leading cotton producer,
history of these residents has been lost or is and the wealth created by the plantation sys-
difﬁcult to recover. This building is living CAVE SPRING, FLOYD COUNTY tem is evident in Sparta, its county seat. By
evidence of a time when African Americans 1803 Sparta was one of only ﬁve towns in the
wanted, sought, and yearned for a quality state to have a newspaper, and the town had
educational experience. It provides a glimpse begun a substantial library.
of segregated education and the impact it had
on the children of the period. THE THREAT
Today, vacancy and neglect of many historic
THE THREAT resources are hindering the economic revital-
After the school closed in the 1950s, it was ization of the small town. The historic Baker
used as rental property and storage unit. House was lost to demolition; many others
Since that time, upkeep and repairs have not are threatened by a new demolition ordi-
been completed. Immediate steps are needed nance. The Georgia Trust has been involved
to address structural defects. Access to the in Sparta for many years; most notably, its
building is hampered by deep brush and kud- Revolving Fund program helped to save the
zu. The ﬂoors and roof are unstable and the Terrell-Stone and the Rossiter-Little Houses.
building is uninsured. The Sparta-Hancock Historical Society is
also active, and the City of Sparta has created
a historic district commission. However the
City has not yet designated a historic district
for the commission to administer. SPARTA, HANCOCK COUNTY
Photo by Halston Pitman, www.atlfocus.com
THE STORY THE STORY
The Martin House anchors the northeast cor- A local landmark protected by a local pres-
ner of Midtown Columbus’ Peacock Woods- ervation ordinance, the courthouse was built
Dimon Circle National Register Historic in 1898 and designed by W. Chamberlin
District. It is a singular example of a Interna- and Company in Knoxville, Tennessee. The
tional style house designed by the nationally building incorporated steel and reinforced
renowned architectural ﬁrm of Finch, Barnes, concrete; its ﬁreproof structure has survived
and Pashcal. The surrounding gardens were several ﬁres with no signiﬁcance damage.
designed by noted and proliﬁc landscape ar- Marked by a prominent bell tower still ring-
chitect Thomas D. Church. ing on the hour, the building is currently the
home of ofﬁces for the Chamber of Com-
THE THREAT merce, The Downtown Development Author-
The structure is owned by a property man- ity/Better Hometown Ofﬁce, and the Berrien
agement company that is cited by preserva- County Historical Foundation.
tion groups in Columbus as not performing
adequate maintenance. COLUMBUS, MUSCOGEE COUNTY THE THREAT
The Berrien County Courthouse is no longer
used as a courthouse facility and receives in-
adequate funding from the County Commis-
sioners for needed maintenance. The building
suffers from a leaking roof, termite damage
and failing plaster. The accrual of this neglect
is causing signiﬁcant damages to the struc-
Photo courtesy Historic Columbus Foundation NASHVILLE, BERRIEN COUNTY
around THE STATE around THE STATE
PAST 2007 CURRENT STATUS: The site was listed in the National Register
Image by Jonathan Hillyer
Raised Tybee Island Cottages, Tybee Island of Historic Places in May 2010.
RECAP: Unique island cottages at risk from zealous developers.
CURRENT STATUS: The city of Tybee Island enacted a historic Wren’s Nest, Atlanta
design review committee to evaluate development throughout Ty- RECAP: Home of Joel Chandler Harris threatened by lack of
bee’s historic districts. funds.
HOW ARE THEY FARING? CURRENT STATUS: Extensive restoration work has been com-
Eleanor Roosevelt School, Warm Springs pleted. Capital improvements have been made to the house’s inte-
For updates on all past Places in Peril sites, RECAP: Unrecognized African American school threatened by rior and roof. Programming has increased.
visit www.GeorgiaTrust.org neglect.
RECAP: Home of literary icon Flannery O’Connor, the estate’s ATL Focus
buildings need restoration, threatened by encroaching commercial Photography
CURRENT STATUS: Much restoration work has been done to
the estate’s outbuildings; work on the main house is underway with
a fresh coat of paint in January. The property is also under review ATL Focus offers an array
for the prestigious National Landmark designation. Wren’s Nest, Atlanta of photography services,
the oldest wings into ofﬁce space for the board of education and locally as well as nationally.
Cowen Farmstead, Acworth an auditorium. Rehabilitation is expected to be completed by the These photography services
RECAP: House in poor condition; city threatened to condemn end of 2010. include but are not limited
until the Trust assumed ownership.
to weddings, commercial,
automotive, portraits and
CURRENT STATUS: In March 2009 Cowen Management, LLC Ponce de Leon Apartments, Atlanta
purchased the Cowen House from The Georgia Trust’s Revolv- RECAP: An early luxury high-rise in midtown Atlanta needs ma-
ing Fund with the purpose of using the property to accommodate jor interior and exterior rehabilitation and maintenance.
its business, Integrated Sciences and Technology, Inc. (IST). In CURRENT STATUS: The Ponce Condominium Association has
March 2010 rehabilitation work was completed, and IST held its successfully completed a signiﬁcant exterior stabilization project
grand opening. over the last three years funded through assessments to the resi-
dent owners. In addition, the community has purchased one of the
Old Hawkinsville High School, Hawkinsville rooftop units to be used in conjunction with rooftop events. The HALSTON PITMAN
RECAP: Largely vacant with maintenance issues due to restrict- condominium association has developed a long term maintenance www.atlfocus.com
ed budget. plan, which will help preserve and stabilize the building façade
CURRENT STATUS: Phased rehabilitations have transformed and balconies.
10 WAYS TO WAYS TO HELP SAVE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GEORGIA’S PLACES IN PERIL
1 4 6 8
ATTEND the Trust’s ‘Spotlight’ events to show ORGANIZE a Save The Building Day. For proper- CREATE a support group of local business people SHARE this Rambler electronically by emailing the
your support and learn more about the Places in Peril ties with heavily deferred maintenance, enlist the and residents. Organize public meetings. Distrib- website link, www.georgiatrust.org to everyone you
program. help of civic organizations looking for community ute information about the building you’re trying to know.
projects, or organize a volunteer’s clean-up day through your lo- protect.
SUPPORT revitalization efforts by becoming a cal preservation group. ASK a local columnist, television or radio personal-
WORK with or form a local historic preservation
member of The Georgia Trust or your local preserva- ity to interview elected ofﬁcials about their views on
tion group. ADOPT a site. Start a written petition to protect the organization. Keep media and citizens informed your adopted Places in Peril site.
property. Post a web page for online ‘signatures’ with of ongoing changes in the property’s status and/
EMAIL letters to your city ofﬁcials describing the full name and zip code. Forward the signed petition to or efforts to preserve it. The news media won’t cover every new DONATE to The Georgia Trust or your local
problem and offering solutions, and copy local news local ofﬁcials. development, but steady contact will ensure they won’t let it fall preservation group.
media. off their radar, either.
14 | RAMBLER FALL 2010 FALL 2010 RAMBLER | 15
around THE STATE around HISTORIC PROPERTIES FOR SALE
Dorchester Academy, Midway
RECAP: Historic African American school suffers from major
water damage and deterioration.
CURRENT STATUS: Dorchester Academy’s leaking roof was
replaced with a much needed new one; decking and rafters were
repaired. The Georgia Trust has been working with the Board
to complete applications for several grants to stabilize the build-
ing. Recently Dorchester Academy was awarded a grant from the
Lowe’s Charitable and Educational Foundation Preservation Fund
BAINBRIDGE, c. 1903. Originally built in 1903 DILLARD, c. 1870. The Powell House, locally know JEWELL, c. 1895. Queen Anne style, 4,000 sq.
for historic schools. as the Fordham Hotel in downtown Bainbridge. Ap- as “Boxwood Terrace,” features panoramic views of the ft. home on 42ac w/1500’ frontage on Ogeechee River.
proximately 10,000 square feet on 3 ﬂoors located in mountains. Listed on National Register. 8 bedrooms, Masterfully restored & updated. Stocked pond, 2 wk-
the Central Business District. Perfect for mixed-use 4.5 baths. Formally operated as a well loved mountain shps, storage sheds, mature plantings. Quiet commu-
Paradise Gardens, Summerville development. New roof was installed in 2006. Recently boarding house. Located within walking distance of the nity w/rich history, 1 hr west of Augusta & 2 hrs east of
back wall and 1st, 2nd & 3rd ﬂoors were stabilized. 1st shops of Dillard. Currently zoned commercial & could be Atlanta, near lakes Oconee & Sinclair. See Virtual Tour:
RECAP: Internationally renowned folk art site suffers from damp ﬂoor has a completely new ﬂooring system. $198,000. utilized as a restaurant or B&B. New roof, interior needs www.LakeOconee.com– AFFORDABLY PRICED!
climate and moist environment. For more info & photos, please contact Amanda Glover, restoration. $138,000. Lorie Thompson, RE/MAX of $399,900. Call Pat or Ed, 706-817-9314, LakeOconee.
229-248-2000 ext. 123 or email@example.com. Rabun, 706-212-2108, firstname.lastname@example.org com Realty.
CURRENT STATUS: The county recently received a $70,000
grant from the Appalachian Regional Commission for purchase of
Georgia College with Garbutt/Christman, LLC; Lord, Aeck & Sargent
the property. Negotiations are ongoing for the purchase and lease PLACE YOUR
Architecture; donors and volunteers stabilized the Sallie Davis House.
of the site back to Paradise Gardens’ non-proﬁt organization. Two
2008 Georgia Trust workdays have taken place at Paradise Gardens; vol-
The Castle, Atlanta unteers cleaned the site of excess silt and vegetation.
RECAP: Low-scale building threatened in high-rise area.
For more information about the Trust’s Places in Peril program,
CURRENT STATUS: In July, the bank foreclosed on the Castle
after Inman Park Properties failed to pay its $2 million loan. visit www.GeorgiaTrust.org.
The building was auctioned on August 17 for $951,000 to New BUYERS.
York-based investor Bryan Latham.
Readers of the RAMBLER appreciate
SAVANNAH, c. 1822. Original Federal Home. SPARTA, c. 1834. Historic Bird-Campbell-Williams historic architecture and are interested
2009 Exterior restoration completed along with the gardens.
Interior needs restoration. Original period details: heart
House. A classic Greek Revival style house built on 1.07
in preserving and maintaining Georgia’s
acre. It is 4-over-4 on all three levels. The home has
Sallie Ellis Davis House, Milledgeville pine ﬂoors, solid mahogany doors, oak leaf medallions, been 90% restored, completely rewired, replumbed, 6 architectural heritage.
hand carved plaster moldings. Over 5,000 sq. ft. of inte-
H & A systems. All exterior wood, foundation, roof have
RECAP: African American landmark suffers from neglect. riors and piazzas. Will sell in combination with charming,
been restored. Most of the original wood & plaster ceil-
fully restored c.1848 carriage house (1,408 sq. ft.) for
CURRENT STATUS: Georgia College has completed the $899,000. Will sell separately: main house ($535,000), ing medallions are intact. 5,774 sq.ft. Contact Robin Be- To advertise your historic property to a
carriage house ($425,000). Across the street from Dav- riault, Craig Massee Real Estate, 478-454-7063, statewide audience, visit www.GeorgiaTrust.
structural stabilization phase of restoration of the Sallie Ellis enport House Museum. View at www.401BroughtonSt. email@example.com. org or contact Traci Clark at 404-885-7802,
com Contact: Lynne Bozeman, Celia Dunn Sotheby’s
Davis House. Garbutt/Christman, LLC and Lord, Aeck & Sar- International Realty, 912-665-1116 or 912.234.3323, firstname.lastname@example.org.
gent Architecture have been instrumental in the efforts along
with many donors - including subcontractors, alumni, and foun-
dations. The project is now in phase two of construction. THE GEORGIA
Battery Backus, Tybee Island ENDANGERED
RECAP: Spanish American War-era fortiﬁcations threatened PROPERTIES
by development and demolition. FOR SALE
CURRENT STATUS: The listing of Battery Backus as a 2009
The Revolving Fund Program was
Place in Peril has helped facilitate the creation of local historic established to provide effective
districts on Tybee Island and a Fort Screven Historic Review alternatives to demolition or neglect
Commission. Requests to develop the property (and destroy the of architecturally and historically
Battery) have been denied under the Georgia Coastal Protection signiﬁcant properties by promoting
their rehabilitation and monitoring their CHERRY COTTAGE MADISON FOLK VICTORIAN
act. Currently the site is owned by a bank. preservation in perpetuity. Washington, c. 1818. 4BR/2BA home built by Constan- Madison, c. 1891. This folk Victorian style house was
tine Church who bought the lot in 1784. Features in- built by Joseph M. McLeroy. According to historians,
clude a large sitting room, parlor, formal dining room the property would have been a desirable location at
Learn more about past Places in Peril. For more information and photos of the and library. Located in a beautiful historic neighbor- the time, as it had close proximity to the railroad depots
(Georgia Railroad arrived in 1841 and the Covington &
Trust’s Endangered Properties For Sale, hood. $175,000. Now $140,000. Contact Kate Ryan,
Visit www.GeorgiaTrust.org to see a complete list of 404-885-7817, email@example.com. Macon–later the Central of Georgia–arrived in 1888).
visit www.GeorgiaTrust.org. $35,000. Contact Kate Ryan, 404-885-7817, kryan@
updates on all Places in Peril sites. georgiatrust.org.
16 | RAMBLER FALL 2010 FALL 2010 RAMBLER | 17
CONSTRUCTION IS NOW GEORGIA TRUST
UNDERWAY ON THE SUSTAINABILITY TASK FORCE CHAIRMAN’S COUNCIL CHAIRMAN’S CIRCLE
GEORGIA THEATRE UPDATE Mr. Clayton P. Boardman III Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Magruder AAA Parking JEZEBEL Magazine
Athens, Clarke County The John and Mary Franklin Richard King Mellon Foundation Avante Catering Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Lanier
Foundation Sara Giles Moore Foundation Dr. Benjamin C. Clark, Jr. The Ray M. and Mary
he Georgia Trust and Southface Institute have undertaken a
Georgia Power Katherine and John Murphy Mr. William N. Banks Elizabeth Lee Foundation
une marked the ﬁrst anniversary of the Georgia Theatre’s market study to determine the feasibility of the creation of a cer- Mr. Bradley Hale Foundation Carole Parks Catering Lexis Nexis
devastating ﬁre, and reconstruction is now underway. Over tiﬁcation program for historic buildings that are being rehabilitated in Mr. and Mrs. F. Shefﬁeld Hale Ms. Frances H. Shropshire Dennis Dean: A Catering Lord, Aeck & Sargent, Inc.
the past year theater owner Wil Green has worked diligently to an environmentally sustainable and energy efﬁcient manner. We will Mr. and Mrs. Howell Hollis Soiree Catering and Events Company Masterpiece Catering
rebuild this important historic building in downtown Athens. Mr. and Mrs. Fred A. Hoyt, Jr. Synovus Dewberry Foundation Colonel Wayne Mock
be contacting Main Street managers and developers, who specialize in Ron Jones Photography The Watson-Brown Foundation DueDilligence Associates, Inc. Sun In My Belly
Through a partnership with The Georgia Trust, the Georgia The- historic preservation, across the state and asking a series of questions, Kilpatrick Stockton LLP Mr. Tom B. Wight Mrs. John T. Godwin SunTrust
atre Rehabilitation Fund was established to accept donations to which we hope will lead to some answers about whether there is a John S. and James L. Knight Williams Family Foundation of Jerry Dilts and Associates Mr. G. Kimbrough Taylor and
be used solely for the rehabilitation of this historic theater. To Foundation Georgia Caterers Ms. Triska Drake
strong market for a certiﬁcation system. This would be the ﬁrst such Mr. and Mrs.Wyck A. Knox, Jr. 1772 Foundation Fannie B.H. Jones Unitrust
date over 150 individuals and organizations have contributed to system existing in the United States.
this fund. Additional support has come from beneﬁt concerts, The Georgia Trust continues to be ..........................................................................................
auctions and even beer. Thank you to all who have contributed
a national leader in emerging pres-
and continue to support this theater’s rehabilitation! ervation practices. Board Chairman WELCOME Jennifer and Todd Sally and Richard
To donate to the fund or for more information on the theatre Kim Taylor has made this program a NEW MEMBERS Ranck Sandy Springs O’Harrow
project, visit www.GeorgiaTrust.org. (May 16, 2010 - July 31, 2010) Rebecca and Mark Andrew Smith Beth and Robert IN MEMORIAM
priority for his tenure as the head of Riley O’Neill
our Board of Trustees. Individual Deby Glidden John Seffrin Fran Bradford
Atlanta Carol and Henry Gordy Todd Smith Business Heritage Contributor Virginia & King Solomon
Martha and George Kevin Hanrahan Margaret Ann and Atlanta Patricia and James
Atkins Florence Holmes Chris Stewart Diane Kirkland Bethel
Anne Shefﬁeld Hale
Donna and Christy and Ted Karen and Haynes Photography Pam Tate
Ann Urhy Abrams
William Barwick Hooper Taylor Jackson Spalding
Helen and Ray Weeks Structor Group Presidential Circle Janice and Jimmy Biggers
Jeanne and B. Carroll Katie and Joel Hughey
Teri and Moses Bond
Berry Pharris Johnson Mr. and Mrs. John W.
John Black Patricia King Dunwoody Blakely Walden Donna and Michael Egan
Greg Bontrager Anna and Hays Nancy and Charles Court Square Carmie and Mark McDonald
Reverand Noel C. Mershon Rigby Development Mrs. Jack J. Spalding
Burtenshaw Karina and James HAY HOUSE Susan and Michael Starr
Mera Cardenas Miller Macon Duluth MEMBERS Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Sterling, Jr.
Chris Clark Harriet and Sandy Cal Hays Enrichment Individual Tom B. Wight
Greta Covington Miller Photography Bronze
David Crass Sara and Edwin Neel Madison Pam and Joshua Mary Moore
Beth and Robert Maybeth and Lewis Bruce Gilbert Groves Virginia & King Solomon
Cunningham Nix UPGRADES Mr. and Mrs. Philip
Laurisa Curron and Kim and Tom Noonan Marietta Individual Jess Mouchet Dixie Stewart
Brandon Bridges Craig Perry Mr. and Mrs. James Sustaining Contributor Virginia & King Solomon
I recently fell in love with and purchased a house that dates to the Southerland Kristi and David Business
Margaret and Dallas Joanna and Charles
1930s. I think the house falls within a historic district, but this gem Denny Pinkham Justice Piazza
The marquee of the Georgia Theatre says it all. needs A LOT of polishing. I heard that there were tax incentives for
rehabilitation. Can you tell me more about them and whether or not my
Fraser Duke Lib and Neal Quirk Roswell
Georgia Power –
- Michael C. from Dublin, Georgia Virginia Solomon
JOIN OUR Mrs. William P. Simmons
Dear Michael, GEORGIA TRUST Visit GeorgiaTrust.org
Yes, both state and federal tax incentives exist for rehabilitation
projects! In Georgia, owners of historic buildings may apply to claim
25% of their rehabilitation expenditures as a state income tax credit. November 1-4
The federal Rehabilitation Investment Tax Credit program provides a
SO WHAT DO YOU THINK OF
federal income tax credit of 20% of qualiﬁed rehabilitation expenses Tour Palm Springs THE 2011 LIST OF
PLACES IN PERIL?
to owners of certiﬁed historic structures, and a 10% credit to owners
of non-historic buildings built before 1936. Federal rehabilitation tax
credits only apply to properties that are used for income producing How can one city combine the beauty Let us know.
purposes, but the state tax credit is available, though with different of nature with the allure of nightlife?
caps, for income and non-income producing buildings. It’s possible in Palm Springs. A city
that once hosted glittering Hollywood
Things to know when considering rehabilitation tax credits: the year celebrities, today’s Palm Springs is
in which your house was built; if it is listed or eligible for listing in the experiencing a renaissance, catering
National Register of Historic Places, in the Georgia Register of Historic to a new breed of famous, elite and
Places or if it contributes to a listed historic district; approximately how those seeking fun and recreation.
much your rehabilitation project will cost; and whether or not you intend Join our select group for a look at this
to use your house to produce income. unexplored city-in-the desert.
Construction workers prepare the theatre’s MOVING? Be sure to let us know your
foundation for upcoming rehabilitation work.
.......................................... Space is limited! Reservations required. Book NOW to hold spaces. new mailing address. Contact Nawana
Have a question about your historic house or building? Wilkerson at 404-885-7805 or nwilkerson@
Email DearGloria@GeorgiaTrust.org or write to Dear Gloria, Call Ken Ward Travel at 800-843-9839 or 404-261-1688 GeorgiaTrust.org.
The Georgia Trust, 1516 Peachtree Street, NW, Atlanta, GA 30309. or visit www.GeorgiaTrust.org for more information.
18 | RAMBLER FALL 2010 FALL 2010 RAMBLER | 19
PERMIT NO. 1672
1516 Peachtree St., N.W.
Atlanta, GA 30309-2908
Santa At Rhodes Hall
Tickets and details:
Dec. 5th 404.885.7812
Dec. 11th Private appointments with Santa.
Refreshments, art activities, and entertainment
in a lavish, turn-of-the-century home.
PROCEEDS TO BENEFIT THE GEORGIA TRUST FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION.