How will Pandemic Flu affect you? What Is an An influenza pandemic will disrupt our daily lives. Certain precautions should be taken Influenza before an outbreak and many precautions Information and restrictions may be in place during an Pandemic? outbreak. about A pandemic is a global Necessary precautions during an outbreak Pandemic disease outbreak. An influenza pandemic may include: Restricting large gatherings and occurs when a new • • Restricting travel Avian Flu influenza virus emerges that humans have little or • Closing schools and child care centers no immunity to, it begins to • Voluntary Isolation and Quarantine cause serious illness and • Wearing a mask then spreads easily person- • Working from home to-person worldwide. Additional preventative and planning information is available at History of www.coconino.az.gov/health.aspx Major Flu Provided by the Pandemics: Coconino County Health Department 1918: Spanish Flu— 928-522-7800 Killed more than 500,000 Toll free 1-877-522-7800 people in the US. 1957-58: Asian Flu— Coconino County Health Department approximately 70,000 2625 N. King Street deaths in the US. Flagstaff AZ 86001 1968-69: Hong Kong 928-522-7800 flu—killed approximately 1-877-522-7800 34,000 people in the 7/06 United States. What is Avian Influenza Is an Influenza Pandemic Individual and Family (Bird Flu) a Real Possibility? Preparedness Pandemics have occurred periodically Protect yourself and your family... Avian influenza - commonly called "bird throughout history, every 30 years on average. Have a Plan flu" - is an infection caused by influenza Past pandemics have varied in their severity During a pandemic, you or your family viruses that occur naturally in birds. but history shows that pandemics can result in may need to stay at home for several Wild birds can carry the viruses, but usu- many deaths and social disruption. While weeks. Make a plan with family and ally do not get sick from them. However, there is no way to determine when a pandemic friends that includes: some domesticated birds, including may occur, advanced planning is important to • Who could help with food and supplies chickens, ducks, and turkeys, can become ensure our community is prepared in the event if you and your household are ill. infected, often fatally. of an outbreak. • The telephone numbers of people who One strain of avian influenza, the H5N1 live near you, as well as your doctor’s virus, is occurring in Asia and has spread phone number. • Check with your employer to find out into Europe and Africa. H5N1 is one subtype of highly pathogenic avian influ- if you can work from home. • Create an emergency supply kit that enza. This strain of avian influenza has not yet been found in North America. includes a supply of food and water, prescriptions and medications, flash- Strains of avian H5N1 influenza may What is the status of vaccine light, portable radio, supplies for your infect various types of animals, including development and production? pets, toilet tissue, diapers, etc. wild birds, pigs, and tigers. Symptoms in birds and other animals vary, but highly Vaccines effective against a pandemic virus Protective Measures pathogenic strains can cause death within are not yet available. Vaccines are produced One of the most important protective steps a few days. each year for seasonal influenza but will not during a pandemic is avoiding infection. protect against pandemic influenza. Although You can help prevent the spread of infec- a vaccine to protect humans from the H5N1 tion by: virus is under development in several coun- • Washing hands frequently. How do people become tries, no vaccine is ready for commercial pro- • Using hand sanitizer when washing infected? duction and no vaccines are expected to be your hands is not possible. widely available until several months after the • Covering your cough. Direct contact with infected poultry, or start of a pandemic. • Cleaning surfaces such as door han- surfaces and objects contaminated by their feces, is presently considered the Antivirals are medications that destroy or in- dles, phones, and computer keyboards. • Getting a seasonal flu shot to protect main route of human infection. To date, hibit the growth of viruses. Antivirals are in most human cases have occurred in rural short supply and should not be stockpiled due yourself from the seasonal flu and to areas in Asia where many households to shelf life limitations and may not be effec- keep your immune system healthy. keep small poultry flocks. The virus is tive against ever-changing influenza viruses. not transmitted to humans through Also, taking antivirals when they are not properly cooked food. needed may reduce their effectiveness for when you really need them.
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