Students Presentation Greek and Roman Mythology by P5HYvd

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									Match the Gods on the left with
Rome or Greece on the right
  Cupid


  Venus
                     Rome

  Aurora


  Zeus

                    Greece
  Apollo


  Mars
Conclusion
 Judging from the Matching game,
  most of us can not clarify the Roman
  Gods and the Greek Gods correctly.

 Actually, many students are confused
  by the Roman mythology and the
  Greek mythology for their similarities.

 However, it has a great significance
  for us foreign language learners to
  have an accurate knowledge of the
  Roman and Greek Mythology.
Conclusion
 Judging from the Matching game,
  most of us can not clarify the Roman
  Gods and the Greek Gods correctly.

 Actually, many students are confused
  by the Roman mythology and the
  Greek mythology for their similarities.

 However, it has a great significance
  for us foreign language learners to
  have an accurate knowledge of the
  Roman and Greek Mythology.
 Significance
(Ⅰ) As two great civilized ancient
 countries, Rome and Greek are
 treasured with their splendid culture
 and traditions which are intimately
 connected with the Roman and Greek
 Mythology.

(Ⅱ) In fact, the Mythology is an
 important document for the history
 and religion.
 Significance
(Ⅰ) As two great civilized ancient
 countries, Rome and Greek are
 treasured with their splendid culture
 and traditions which are intimately
 connected with the Roman and Greek
 Mythology.

(Ⅱ) In fact, the Mythology is an
 important document for the history
 and religion.
Significance
(Ⅲ) It also has great impact on other
 areas such as the science,
 technology, art (especially for the
 paintings and the sculptures), and
 the literature.

(Ⅳ) As the Mythology, it has an
 attraction for us to access to and to
 learn.
Significance
(Ⅲ) It also has great impact on other
 areas such as the science,
 technology, art (especially for the
 paintings and the sculptures), and
 the literature.

(Ⅳ) As the Mythology, it has an
 attraction for us to access to and to
 learn.
 So, today we are going to have a
  quick look at the difference between
  the Roman Mythology and the Greek
  Mythology.
 The First Difference
 The origin of the two systems of
  Mythology:

 The archaic Romans did not have myths.
  Until their poets began to borrow from
  Greek models in the later part of the
  Republic, the Romans had no sequential
  narratives about their gods.
 The First Difference
 The origin of the two systems of
  Mythology:

 The archaic Romans did not have myths.
  Until their poets began to borrow from
  Greek models in the later part of the
  Republic, the Romans had no sequential
  narratives about their gods.
The Second Difference
 The different ideas about the Gods:

 The Roman model involved a very different
  way of defining and thinking about the gods
  than we are familiar with from Greece. The
  archaic Roman "mythology", at least
  concerning the gods, was made up not of
  narratives, but rather of interlocking and
  complex interrelations between and among
  gods and humans.
The Second Difference
 The different ideas about the Gods:

 The Roman model involved a very different
  way of defining and thinking about the gods
  than we are familiar with from Greece. The
  archaic Roman "mythology", at least
  concerning the gods, was made up not of
  narratives, but rather of interlocking and
  complex interrelations between and among
  gods and humans.
Why

 It’s because the Romans had a highly
  developed system of rituals, priestly
  colleges, and "clusters" of related gods
  and a rich set of historical myths about
  the foundation and rise of their city
  involving human actors, with
  occasional divine interventions
Why

 It’s because the Romans had a highly
  developed system of rituals, priestly
  colleges, and "clusters" of related gods
  and a rich set of historical myths about
  the foundation and rise of their city
  involving human actors, with
  occasional divine interventions
 For example, if one were to ask a Greek
  about Demeter, he might reply with the
  well-known story of her grief at the rape of
  Persephone by Hades.
 An archaic Roman, by contrast, would tell
  you that Ceres had an official priest called a
  flamen, who was junior to the flamens of
  Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus, but senior to
  the flamens of Flora and Pomona. He might
  tell you that she was grouped in a triad with
  two other agricultural gods, Liber and
  Libera.
The third difference
 The name of the two systems.

 Most of the Greek deities were
 adopted by the Romans, although in
 many cases there was a change of
 name.
The third difference
 The name of the two systems.

 Most of the Greek deities were
 adopted by the Romans, although in
 many cases there was a change of
 name.
Illustration
Greek          Rome      Chinese version

Cronus         Saturn    撒腾

Zeus           Jupiter   宙斯

Poseidon       Neptune   波塞顿

Hades          Pluto     哈帝斯

Aphrodite      Venus     维娜斯
  THE TITAN ( THE ELDER
          GODS )
                     Gaea




                     Uranus   Coelus




Cronus        Rhea            Oceanus   Tethys

Saturn        Cybele

         ……
                          Leto      Metis
  Zeus
                                             Dion
(Jupiter)                                              Maia


               Ares         Apollo   Athena  Aphrodite Hermes
              (Mars)        (Sol   (Minerva) (Venus) (Mercury)
                         Phoebus)
            Hephaestus
   Hera                    Artemis
             (Vulcan)
 (Juno)                   (Diana)

 Poseidon
(Neptune)

  Hades
 (Pluto)


  Hestia
 (Vesta)
Gaea
 Gaea, or Mother Earth,
  was the great goddess of
  the early Greeks. She
  represented the Earth and
  was worshipped as the
  universal mother. In Greek
  mythology, she created
  the Uranus and gave birth
  to both the first race of
  gods and the first humans.
Cronus
 In Greek mythology,
  Cronus was the son of
  Uranus and Gaea. He lead
  his brothers and sisters,
  the Titans, in a revolt
  against their father and
  became the king of the
  gods. He married the
  Titan Rhea.
 The Romans adopted
  Cronus as the god
  Saturn.
Poseidon
 Poseidon was the Greek
  god of the sea and
  earthquakes. Poseidon
  was depicted as a bearded
  man with long hair,
  holding a trident and
  accompanied by dolphins
  and fish. He had the
  reputation for having a   Statue of Neptune in Florence,
  very bad temper. The      Italy.
  symbol of Poseidon's      Greek bronze sculpture depicting
  power was the three       the god Poseidon. "Poseidon
  pronged spear known as Soter at Artemisium" (c. 575
  the trident.              B.C.). The statue was found in
                              the Aegean Sea in 1926.
Poseidon
 Poseidon was the Greek
  god of the sea and
  earthquakes. Poseidon
  was depicted as a bearded
  man with long hair,
  holding a trident and
  accompanied by dolphins
  and fish. He had the
  reputation for having a   Statue of Neptune in Florence,
  very bad temper. The      Italy.
  symbol of Poseidon's      Greek bronze sculpture depicting
  power was the three       the god Poseidon. "Poseidon
  pronged spear known as Soter at Artemisium" (c. 575
  the trident.              B.C.). The statue was found in
                              the Aegean Sea in 1926.
Hades
 Following the
  defeat of the
  Titans by the
  Jovian gods, Hades
  obtained the
  kingdom of the
  underworld.
                       Drawing by Rei Inamoto.
Hades
 Following the
  defeat of the
  Titans by the
  Jovian gods, Hades
  obtained the
  kingdom of the
  underworld.
                       Drawing by Rei Inamoto.
  Ares

 Ares was the Greek god of war,
  was identified with the Roman
  god, Mars. He always acted like a
  strong warrior and a strong desire
  for violence.
 He enjoyed the great noise of
  battle, and he loved bloody
  warfare. Conflict and mindless
  killing was how he liked to spend
  the day.
 Mars was the father of the
  famous Roman heroes Romulus
  and Remus who founded the
  city of Rome. For that reason, Andrea Mantegna: "Mars, Venus,
  He was believed to come to the and Diana."
  aid of Romans in times of crisis.
  Ares

 Ares was the Greek god of war,
  was identified with the Roman
  god, Mars. He always acted like a
  strong warrior and a strong desire
  for violence.
 He enjoyed the great noise of
  battle, and he loved bloody
  warfare. Conflict and mindless
  killing was how he liked to spend
  the day.
 Mars was the father of the
  famous Roman heroes Romulus
  and Remus who founded the
  city of Rome. For that reason, Andrea Mantegna: "Mars, Venus,
  He was believed to come to the and Diana."
  aid of Romans in times of crisis.
Apollo
   In Greek mythology, Apollo
    was the son of Zeus
    (Jupiter) and Leto (Letona).
    He was the twin brother of
    the goddess Artemis. He was
    the god of the Sun, logic,
    and reason, and was also a
    fine musician and healer.
   Apollo was known as the god
    who could foretell the future.
    His most famous sacred
    place was at Delphi, site of
    the Oracle of Delphi.
   The Romans also believed in
    Apollo as the god of light,
    music, and healing.
Apollo
   In Greek mythology, Apollo
    was the son of Zeus
    (Jupiter) and Leto (Letona).
    He was the twin brother of
    the goddess Artemis. He was
    the god of the Sun, logic,
    and reason, and was also a
    fine musician and healer.
   Apollo was known as the god
    who could foretell the future.
    His most famous sacred
    place was at Delphi, site of
    the Oracle of Delphi.
   The Romans also believed in
    Apollo as the god of light,
    music, and healing.
Aphrodite
 Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love
  and beauty. She was known to the Romans
  as Venus. To the perfection of her figure
  and the purity of her features she added an
  innocent grace. On her sweet face she
  always wore a smile.
 Aphrodite was not always nice. When
  people made her angry, she was not afraid
  to show her wrath. She was also very
  proud because she could make gods fall in
  love with people.
Aphrodite
 Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love
  and beauty. She was known to the Romans
  as Venus. To the perfection of her figure
  and the purity of her features she added an
  innocent grace. On her sweet face she
  always wore a smile.
 Aphrodite was not always nice. When
  people made her angry, she was not afraid
  to show her wrath. She was also very
  proud because she could make gods fall in
  love with people.
   Sandro Botticelli: "The Birth of Venus." The painting depicts
    the goddess in a pose typical of classical statues of Venus.
Hermes

 Hermes was the
  messenger-god
  of Zeus, and
  was the god of
  games, of
  business, and of
  story telling.
                     Head of Hermes. Statue of
                     the 2nd century A.D. from
                     Turkey.
Hermes

 Hermes was the
  messenger-god
  of Zeus, and
  was the god of
  games, of
  business, and of
  story telling.
                     Head of Hermes. Statue of
                     the 2nd century A.D. from
                     Turkey.
Artemis
 Artemis was the twin sister of the
  god Apollo. Her father and mother
  were Zeus and Latona.
 Artemis was the goddess of the
  Moon. She was also known as the
  goddess of the hunt. Romans
  identified Artemis with the Greek
  goddess Diana.
Artemis
 Artemis was the twin sister of the
  god Apollo. Her father and mother
  were Zeus and Latona.
 Artemis was the goddess of the
  Moon. She was also known as the
  goddess of the hunt. Romans
  identified Artemis with the Greek
  goddess Diana.
 "Diane
  Chasseresse,"
  School of
  Fontainebleau.
  The painting
  shows Diana while
  hunting. The
  peculiar crescent
  moon on her
  forehead
  symbolizes her
  being a moon
  goddess.
Zeus
                     In Greek mythology,
                      Zeus was the king of
                      heaven and Earth and
                      of all the Olympian
                      gods. He was also
                      known as the god of
                      justice. He was named
                      king of the gods in the
                      special meeting that
                      followed his overthrow
                      of the god Cronus and
"Zeus," Museum of     the Titans.
Olympia, Greece.
Zeus
                     In Greek mythology,
                      Zeus was the king of
                      heaven and Earth and
                      of all the Olympian
                      gods. He was also
                      known as the god of
                      justice. He was named
                      king of the gods in the
                      special meeting that
                      followed his overthrow
                      of the god Cronus and
"Zeus," Museum of     the Titans.
Olympia, Greece.
 "Temple of Jupiter" by Giovanni Battista
  Cipriani.
 With the knowledge of the Roman
  and Greek Mythology, you will get a
  lot of interests during the learning of
  the European Culture. And we do
  sincerely wish this presentation will
  do a little help for your study of this
  course.
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