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					                                         Preliminary
                                    ANALYSIS OF CHILD CARE
                                       INTERIM DATASET
                                              2001




Child Care Legislation Unit
Department of Health and Children
Hawkins House
Hawkins Street
Dublin 2
                                                            TABLE OF CONTENTS


(i) Introduction

(ii) Summary of Main Findings


1 Number of Cases of Child Abuse

1.1      Number of Reported Cases and Outcomes of Child Abuse during 2001
1.2(a)   Number of Reported and Confirmed Cases of Child Abuse 1989-2001
1.2(b)   Number of Cases being Assessed at end of previous year (2000)
1.3      Number of Confirmed Cases of Child Abuse as % of Number of Reported Cases of Child Abuse 1989-2001



2     Number of Children in Care

2.1      Number of Children in Care at 31/12/01
2.2      Number of Children in Care at 31/12/01 per 10,000 population aged under 18 by Health Board
2.3      Number of Admissions to Care during 2001
2.4      Number of Admissions to Care during 2001 per 10,000 population aged under 18 by Health Board
2.5      Number of Children in Care at 31st December 1989-2001
2.6      Number of Children in Care at 31st December 1989-2001 per 10,000 population aged under 18


3 Gender of Children in Care

3.1      Gender of Children in Care at 31/12/01
3.2      Gender of Children in Care at 31/12/01 - Percentage Breakdown by Health Board
3.3      Gender of Children in Care -Percentage Breakdown at 31st December 1989-2001




                                                                         2
4     Age of Children in Care

4.1      Age of Children in Care at 31/12/01
4.2      Age of Children in Care at 31/12/01-National Percentage Breakdown
4.3      Age of Children in Care at 31/12/01-Percentage Breakdown by Health Board


5 Type of Care of Children in Care

5.1      Type of Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01
5.2      Type of Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01-National Percentage Breakdown
5.3      Type of Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01-Percentage Breakdown by Health Board
5.4      Type of Foster Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01
5.5      Type of Foster Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01-National Percentage Breakdown
5.6      Number of Children in Relative Foster Care at 31/12/01 as % of Total Number of Children in Foster Care
5.7      Number of Children in Foster Care at 31st December 1989-2001
5.8      Type of Residential Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01
5.9      Type of Residential Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01-National Percentage Breakdown
5.10     Number of Children in Residential Care at 31st December 1989-2001
5.11     Percentage of Children in Foster and Residential Care at 31st December 1989-2001


6     Legal Basis for Care of Children in Care

6.1      Legal Basis for Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01
6.2      Legal Basis for Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01-Percentage Breakdown by Health Board
6.3      Legal Basis for Care of Children in Care-Percentage Breakdown at 31st December 1989-2001


7     Primary Reason for Admission to Care of Children in Care

7.1      Primary Reason for Admission of Children in Care at 31/12/01
7.2      Primary Reason for Admission of Children in Care at 31/12/01-National Percentage Breakdown
7.3      Primary Reason for Admission of Children in Care at 31/12/01-Percentage Breakdown by Health Board
7.4      Primary Reason for Admission of Children in Care at 31st December 1989-2001


                                                                          3
8     Length of Stay of Children in Care

8.1      Length of Stay of Children in Care at 31/12/01
8.2      Length of Stay of Children in Care at 31/12/01-National Percentage Breakdown
8.3      Length of Stay of Children in Care at 31/12/01-Percentage Breakdown by Health Board
8.4      Children in Care at 31/12/01 per 10,000 less than 5 years
8.5      Children in Care at 31/12/01 per 10,000 more than 5 years


9 Family Type of Children in Care

9.1      Family Type of Children in Care at 31/12/01
9.2      Family Type of Children in Care at 31/12/01-National Percentage Breakdown
9.3      Family Type of Children in Care at 31/12/01-Percentage Breakdown by Health Board


10     Number of Homeless Children

10.1     Children who appeared to the Health Board to be Homeless in 2001
10.2     Children who appeared to the Health Board to be Homeless in 2001 per 10,000
10.3     Age of Children who appeared to the Health Board to be Homeless in 2001
10.4     Age of Children who appeared to the Health Board to be Homeless in 2001-National Percentage Breakdown
10.5     Age of Children who appeared to the Health Board to be Homeless in 2001-Percentage Breakdown by Health Board
10.6     Primary Intervention provided for Homeless Children in 2001
10.7     Primary Intervention provided for Homeless Children in 2001-National Percentage Breakdown
10.8     Primary Reason for Homelessness of Children in 2001
10.9     Primary Reason for Homelessness of Children in 2001-National Percentage Breakdown


11      Other Services

11.1     Number of Individuals aged 18 and Over, in Aftercare by Type of Care in 2001
11.2     Number of Families Who Provided Foster Care in 2001.




                                                                         4
                                                                    Introduction
Background

       The Preliminary Analysis of the Childcare Interim Dataset for 2001 examines the Interim Datasets supplied by the health boards in respect of
       2001. In some of the tables, figures from past years' surveys are included, so that comparison can be made. In some instances number of
       children per 10,000 of the 0-18 population was used, so that comparison could be made between health boards.

       When examining the Preliminary Analysis account should be taken of the fact that this is the fourth year data was collected after a major review
       of child care statistics in recent years. There are certain differences in relation to the standardisation of information between the health boards.



Scope of the Survey
The Survey covers;
       - child abuse
       - admissions of children to care over the course of 2001
       - numbers of children in care on 31 December, 2001
       - the number of children whom it appeared to the health board in 2001 were homeless
       - other services.

The Survey does not cover;
      - children in day care or day fostering
      - children who are in child psychiatric units, intellectual disability units, or centres for
          children with a physical disability.




                                                                             5
                                                    Summary of Main Findings

1.    Number of Cases of Child Abuse
     The number of reported cases of child abuse decreased by over 27% between 2000 and 2001. The number of confirmed cases decreased by
     almost 39%.
     For the period 1989 to 2001, the number of reported cases of abuse increased by 84% while the number of confirmed cases of child abuse also
     increased by 67%.
     However, the percentage of confirmed against reported cases of child abuse dropped by 5% between 1989 and 2001.

2.   Number of Children in Care
     To allow for the different population bases of the health boards, and for reasons of comparison numbers of children per 10,000 of the 0-18
     population have been calculated.
     The number of children in care at 31 December 2001 was 5,517.
     Figures taken from the 1996 Census indicate that the 0-18 population was 1,071,972. This indicates that at 31 December 2001, 0.515% of the
     0-18 cohort was in care.
     The number of children in care has increased by 24.71% between 2000 and 2001. Since 1989, the number of children in care has been
     increasing on an annual basis. Over the period, 1989-2001, the number of children in care has increased by over 100%. The growing number of
     Separated Children Seeking Asylum has contributed to the increase in the numbers of children in care in 2001. In particular, the number of
     children in care in the Eastern Regional Health Authority accounts for 51.29% of the total number of children in care and 35.59% of those
     children in care in the ERHA were Separated Children Seeking Asylum.

3.   Gender of Children in Care
     Of the 5,517 children in care on 31 December 2001, 2,993 or 54.25% were male while 2,524 or 45.75% were female.

4.   Age of Children in Care
     2,988 or 54.16% of all children in care at 31 December, 2001 were 12 years or under while 2,529 or 45.84% were 13 years and over.

5.   Type of Care of Children in Care
     66.27% of all children in care at 31 December, 2001 were in foster care and 10.13% were in residential care.
     Foster care was the largest care category across all health boards.
     The number of children in foster care has risen by just over 7% between 2000 and 2001 and the number of children in residential care fell by
     almost 11% in the same period. Between 1989 and 2001 the number of children in foster care rose by 86%, while in the same period, the
     number of children in residential care fell by just over 22%.


                                                                      6
6.    Legal Basis of Children in Care
      Almost 61% of all children in care were placed in care on a voluntary basis while 39% of those in care were in care under a current care order.
      Over the period 1989-2001, the numbers in care on a voluntary basis increased by 150%.

7.    Primary Reason for Admission of Children into Care
      The reason for admission to care can be divided into two categories:
      (a) Child Centered including Physical, Sexual and Emotional abuse, Neglect, Child with Emotional/Behavioural Problems, Child
      Abandoned/Rejected, Pregnancy, Abusing Drugs and Separated Children Seeking Asylum and Other.
      (b) Family Centered including Parents Unable to Cope/Parental Illness, Parents addicted to Drugs/Alcohol, Parents suffering Psychiatric
      Illness and Domestic Violence.

      These categories are used for comparison purposes in Tables 7.3 and 7.4.

      Parents Unable to Cope/Parental Illness, and Neglect were the most frequent reasons for admission into care at 22.17% and 24.29%
      respectively. Separated Children Seeking Asylum accounted for 18.29% of admissions into care.

8.    Length of Stay of Children in Care
      28.10% of children in care at 31 December, 2001, were in care for 5 years or more, 43.28% were in care between 1 and 5 years, while 28.62%
      were in care for less than 1 year.

9.    Family Type of Children in Care
      31.22% of children in care at 31 December, 2001 were from lone parent families, while 15.09% were from married couple families.

10.   Children who appeared to the Health Board to be Homeless in 2001
      It is extremely difficult to get an accurate figure of the number of homeless young people, as currently there is no central co-ordinating body
      which collates the information from all the agencies involved with homeless youth. However, from 2004 onwards revised tables on Youth
      Homeless will be included in the survey. The details supplied will be based on a new contact sheet which will be used by both statutory and
      voluntary providers of services to youth homeless.
      The survey identified 451 children whom it appeared to the health boards to be homeless in 2001, 41.24% were from the Eastern Regional
      Health Authority area. Generally it would be the boards with large urban centres who would have the largest numbers of homeless.
      The gender split between homeless children was practically even, with 48.34 % male, and 51.66 % female.
      73.39% of homeless children were aged between 15 and 18.




                                                                         7
1.1 Number of Reported Cases and Outcomes of Child Abuse during 2001


  Health Board                    Reported             Confirmed          Confirmed Non-          Inconclusive   Assessment
                                     Cases                 Abuse         Abuse/ Unfounded            Outcome       Ongoing


  ERHA                                1574                    550                     147                 300          577


  MHB                                  179                     67                      12                  40           60


  MWHB                                 433                    254                      25                  75           79


  NEHB                                 409                    168                      22                  22          197


  NWHB                                 396                     28                      25                  61          282


  SEHB                                1410                    342                      60                 320          688


  SHB                                  845                    155                     192                 261          237


 WHB                                   748                    296                     121                 197          134


 NATIONAL                             5994                   1860                     604                1276         2254

MHB figures taken from CPNS – please note significant decrease
NEHB only reporting cases notified to the Child Care Manager – please note significant decrease

                                                                     8
1.2 (a) Number of Reported and Confirmed Cases of Child Abuse 1989 – 2001
             1989          1992                 1998                        1999                          2000                        2001
Health    Rep. Conf.    Rep. Conf.     Rep.   Conf.   On-going      Rep.   Conf.    On-going     Rep.   Conf.   On-going     Rep.   Conf.   On-going
Board                                                cases from                    cases from                  cases from                  cases from
                                                       previous                      previous                    previous                    previous
                                                            year                          year                        year                        year
                                                     Confirmed                     Confirmed                   Confirmed                   Confirmed

ERHA      1699   1032   1327    584   1732     708          209     1844    816           116    1565    633          231    1574    550          226


MHB        368    121    531    253   1085     355          308     1097    335            42     867    186           80     179     67          127


MWHB       178     55    655    388    803     262          150     1000    177             2     695    305          173     433    254           40


NEHB       181     74    502    210   1598     577          321     1306    403           577    1277    494          163     409    168          137


NWHB        82     37     92     30    515     136           77      403     98            12     323     43           62     396     28           43


SEHB       352    168    270     98   1288     564          289     2204    990           292    2028    909          414    1410    342           77


SHB        157     62    257    100   1981     584           0*      876    234            39     707    173           95     845    155           61


WHB        235    109    178     38    647     181          116     1301    265           121     807    342          163     748    296          204


NAT       3252   1658   3812   1701   9649    3367         1470    10031   3318         1201     8269   3085         1381    5994   1860          915

For 2001 MHB figures taken from CPNS – please note significant decrease
For 2001 NEHB only reporting cases notified to the Child Care Manager – please note significant decrease
* No information supplied by the Board
                                                                      9
1.2 (b) Number of Cases being Assessed at end of previous year (2000)


Health Board             Number of cases                                  Outcome
                     Assessment On-going
                            at end of 2000
                                                 Confirmed          Confirmed       Inconclusive   Assessment
                                                     Abuse          Non-Abuse        Assessment     On-going

ERHA                                  468              226                 42                97          184


MHB                                   477              127                 65               225            0


MWHB                                  106               40                 12                53            1


EHB                                   415              137                 58                22          111


NWHB                                  138               43                 68                74          129


SEHB                                  589               77                 20               367          127


SHB                                   183               61                 31                53           38


WHB                                   126              204                 59               147          136


NATIONAL                             2502              915                355              1038          726




                                                             10
1.3 Number of Confirmed Cases of Child Abuse as a Percentage of the Number of Reported Cases of Child Abuse 1989-
    2001.


  Health Board                         1989               1992              1998               1999        2000   2001



  ERHA                                   61                  44               53                 51          55     49


  MHB                                    33                  48               61                 34          31    108


  MWHB                                   31                  59               51                 18          69     68


  NEHB                                   41                  42               56                 75          51     75


  NWHB                                   45                  33               41                 27          33     18


  SEHB                                   48                  36               66                 58          65     30


  SHB                                    39                  39               29                 31          38     26


  WHB                                    46                  21               46                 30          63     67


  NATIONAL                               51                  45               50                 45          54     46

For 2001 MHB figures taken from CPNS – please note significant decrease
For 2001 NEHB only reporting cases notified to the Child Care Manager – please note significant decrease




                                                                    11
2.1 Number of Children in Care at 31/12/01


Health Board                                                Number of children                             Number of Children
                                                                       in Care                              in Care per 10,000


ERHA                                                                       2830                                            78


MHB                                                                         244                                            37


MWHB                                                                        391                                            41


NEHB                                                                        434                                            45


NWHB                                                                        221                                            34


SEHB                                                                        540                                            45


SHB                                                                         589                                            37


WHB                                                                         268                                            25


NATIONAL                                                                   5517                                            51

Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)

Population figures are taken from the 1996 census and relate to persons in the 0-18 cohort

                                                                      12
                                             2.2 Number of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                                    Per 10,000 by Health Board


  90

  80        78


  70

  60
                                                                                                                  51
  50
                                                      45                         45
                                        41
  40                      37                                                                 37
                                                                   34

  30                                                                                                     25

  20

  10

   0
          ERHA           MHB         MWHB           NEHB         NWHB          SEHB          SHB        WHB     NATIONAL

Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)

Population figures are taken from the 1996 census and relate to persons in the 0-18 cohort


                                                                        13
2.3 Number of Admissions to Care during 2001


  Health Board                                                             Number of Children     Number of Children
                                                                           Admitted in to Care    Admitted in to Care
                                                                                                          Per 10,000

  ERHA                                                                                   1024                     28


  MHB                                                                                     248                     38


  MWHB                                                                                    231                     24


  NEHB                                                                                    158                     16


  NWHB                                                                                       93                   14


  SEHB                                                                                    292                     24


  SHB                                                                                     361                     23


  WHB                                                                                     175                     17


  NATIONAL                                                                               2582                     24

Please note that the National total includes 560 Separated Children Seeking Asylum.
Population figures are taken from the 1996 census and relate to persons in the 0-18 cohort

                                                                      14
                                            2.4 Number of Admissions to Care during 2001
                                                    Per 10,000 by Health Board


   45


   40
                            38

   35


   30        28

   25                                     24                                          24                 24
                                                                                             23

   20
                                                                                                   17
                                                        16
   15                                                                  14


   10


    5


    0
           ERHA            MHB          MWHB           NEHB          NWHB            SEHB    SHB   WHB   NAT

Please note that the National total includes 560 Separated Children Seeking Asylum

Population figures are taken from the 1996 census and relate to persons in the 0-18 cohort


                                                                      15
                                   2.5 Number of Children in Care at 31 December 1989-2001


  6000
                                                                                                                         5517


  5000
                                                                                                  4424
                                                                              4216
                                                         3984
  4000


                                     3090
  3000           2756



  2000




  1000




      0
                 1989                1992                1998                 1999                2000                   2001

Please note that the National total for 2001 includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)



                                                                    16
                             2.6 Number of Children in Care per 10,000 at 31 December 1989-2001



   60


                                                                                                                        51
   50


                                                                                                 41
   40                                                                       39
                                                        37



   30                               29
                26



   20



   10



    0
               1989                1992                1998                1999                2000                2001

Please note that the National total for 2001 includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum(1,007 in the ERHA area)


                                                                    17
3.1 Gender of Children in Care at 31/12/01


  Health Board                                                    Males                     Females             Totals


  ERHA                                                            1598                         1232              2830


  MHB                                                               126                         118               244


  MWHB                                                              206                         185               391


  NEHB                                                              211                         223               434


  NWHB                                                              119                         102               221


  SEHB                                                              290                         250               540


  SHB                                                               305                         284               589


  WHB                                                               138                         130               268


  NATIONAL                                                        2993                         2524              5517


  As % of Total                                                      54                          46               100
Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)




                                                                    18
                                                   3.2 Gender of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                                    Percentage Breakdown by HealthBoard

  60
       56.47
                                                             53.85           53.7                                  54.25
                                    52.69
                    51.64                            51.38                                 51.78       51.49
  50                        48.36               48.62                                                      48.51
                                        47.31                                                  48.22
                                                                     46.15          46.3
                                                                                                                       45.75
            43.53

  40



  30
                                                                                                                               Male
                                                                                                                               Female

  20



  10



   0
         ERHA        MHB            MWHB          NEHB       NWHB            SEHB           SHB         WHB          NAT




Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum(1,007 in the ERHA area)



                                                                                    19
                                        3.3. Gender of Children in Care at 31 December 1989-2001


   56

                                                                                                    54.25
   54


   52                        51.59             51.36                              51.47
            51.2
                                                                50.62

   50                                                                   49.38
                   48.8                                48.64                              48.53
                                     48.41
   48                                                                                                                   Male
                                                                                                                        Female

                                                                                                         45.75
   46


   44


   42


   40
              1989              1992             1998              1999             2000              2001


Please note that the National total for 2001 includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum(1,007 in the ERHA area)




                                                                    20
4.1 Age of Children in Care at 31/12/01

                 ERHA          MHB       MWHB          NEHB       NWHB          SEHB         SHB       WHB NATIONAL     As % of
                                                                                                                       TOTALS
<1 year               30          11           15          14              7        11          17         14    119        2.16

1 year                71           7           13          17              7        13          19          8    155        2.81

2 years               69          10           13          25             11        24          21          6    179        3.24

3 years               70           5           12          29              8        25          29         11    189        3.43

4 years               78          15           18          28              5        22          32         12    210        3.81

5 years               94          13           19          24             13        31          28         16    238        4.31

6 years               82          11           27          27              8        32          37         22    246        4.46

7 years              114          11           16          29             17        27          32         13    259        4.69

8 years              110          19           21          17             14        41          37         19    278        5.04

9 years              129          10           18          25             15        34          25         17    273        4.95

10 years             123          21           32          24             17        30          29         11    287         5.2

11 years             109          15           27          31             11        29          42         11    275        4.98

12 years             124          13           23          22             17        31          37         13    280        5.08

13 years             120          10           26          25             13        25          32         19    270        4.89

14 years             137          18           22          24             13        26          34         15    289        5.24

15 years             228          18           36          22             19        46          43         24    436         7.9

16 years             503          16           28          25             11        34          50         14    681       12.34

17 years             639          21           25          26             15       59           45         23    853       15.46
TOTAL               2830         244          391         434            221      540          589        268   5517        100
Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)
                                                                    21
                                                  4.2 Age of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                                     National Percentage Breakdown




                                              2.16
                                                       6.05
                           15.46
                                                                 7.24
                                                                                            <1
                                                                                            1-2 years
                                                                                            3-4 years
                                                                         8.77
                                                                                            5-6 years
                                                                                            7-8 years

             20.24                                                                          9-10 years
                                                                                            11-12 years
                                                                         9.73
                                                                                            13-14 years
                                                                                            15-16 years
                                                                                            17 years

                                                                10.15
                         10.13
                                             10.06



Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)




                                                                    22
                                         4.3 Age of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                        Percentage Breakdown by Health Board


  80


  70


  60


  50

                                                                                                        12 and Under
  40                                                                                                    13-14 years
                                                                                                        15 and Over

  30


  20


  10


    0
         ERHA       MHB      MWHB       NEHB      NWHB       SEHB        SHB      WHB        NAT

Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)

                                                                    23
5.1 Type of Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01

Health Board            Foster Care             Foster Care Foster Care     Pre Adoptive    Residential     At Home     Other   Total
                                       (Children with special  (relative)     Placement                       Under
                                         requirements/ extra                                              Supervision
                                                   supports)

ERHA                             902                      5          406              9            339            39     1130   2830


MHB                              140                      1           75              4             17             4        3    244


MWHB                             257                      9           90              1             24             4        6    391


NEHB                             255                      5           98              4             36             0       36    434


NWHB                             149                      0           50              4             11             0        7    221


SEHB                             313                     18          106              6             78             2       17    540


SHB                              455                      1           91              2             40             0        0    589


WHB                              170                      3           57              5             24             7        2    268


NATIONAL                       2641                      42          973             35            569            56     1201   5517


As % of Total                  47.87                    0.76       17.64            0.63         10.31           1.02   21.77    100

Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)
                                                                     24
                                       5.2 Type of Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                              National Percentage Breakdown




                         22%
                                                                                        Foster Care

                                                                                        Foster Care (Children with special
                                                                                        requirements/extra supports)
                                                                                        Foster Care (relative)

                 1%                                                                     Pre Adoptive Placement
                                                                            47%
                                                                                        Residential

                10%                                                                     At Home Under Supervision

                                                                                        Other

                    1%




                               18%
                                                  1%



Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)




                                                                    25
                                            5.3 Type of Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                                Percentage Breakdown by Health Board

   80
   75
   70
                                                                                                         Foster Care
   65
   60
                                                                                                         Foster Care (Children with
   55                                                                                                    special requirements/extra
   50                                                                                                    supports
                                                                                                         Foster Care (Relatives)
   45
   40                                                                                                    Pre-Adoptive Placement
   35
   30                                                                                                    Residential
   25
   20
   15
   10
    5
    0
         ERHA       MHB      MWHB      NEHB      NWHB      SEHB          SHB    WHB        NAT

Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)




                                                                    26
5.4 Type of Foster Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01


Health Board           General Foster Care Children with Special   With Relatives   Pre-Adoptive   Total
                                          Requirements or Extra                       Placement
                                                       Supports

ERHA                                  902                     5              406              9    1322


MHB                                   140                     1               75              4     220


MWHB                                  257                     9               90              1     357


NEHB                                  255                     5               98              4     362


NWHB                                  149                     0               50              4     203


SEHB                                  313                    18              106              6     443


SHB                                   455                     1               91              2     549


WHB                                   170                     3               57              5     235


NATIONAL                             2641                    42              973             35    3691


As % of Totals                       71.55                  1.14            26.36           0.95    100




                                                             27
            5.5 Type of Foster Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                      National Percentage Breakdown




           1%



     26%

                                                General Foster Care

                                                Children with Special Requirements or Extra
                                                Supports
                                                With Relatives

1%                                              Pre-Adoptive Placement




                              72%




                                           28
                     5.6 Number of Children in Relative Foster Care at 31/12/01
                          As % of Total Number of Children in Foster Care




40


35           34.09

     30.71
30
                                     27.07
                                                                                           26.36
                          25.21                  24.63
25                                                            23.93               24.26


20
                                                                        16.58

15


10


 5


 0
     ERHA    MHB         MWHB        NEHB        NWHB         SEHB       SHB      WHB     NATIONAL



                                                         29
              5.7 Number of Children in Foster Care at 31 December 1989-2001


4000
                                                                                3691

3500                                                                    3431
                                                      3289
                                    3162

3000


2500
                  2284

       1980
2000


1500



1000



 500


   0
       1989       1992              1998               1999              2000   2001



                                              30
5.8 Type of Residential Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01


  Health Board                                  General Residential       Special Residential   Total
                                                              Care                      Care

  ERHA                                                              300                   39     339


  MHB                                                                17                    0      17


  MWHB                                                               10                   14      24


  NEHB                                                               32                    4      36


  NWHB                                                               11                    0      11


  SEHB                                                               34                   44      78


  SHB                                                                40                    0      40


  WHB                                                                23                    1      24


  NATIONAL                                                          467                  102     569


 As % of Totals                                                82.07                   17.93     100




                                                               31
      5.9 Type of Residential Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                   National Percentage Breakdown




18%




                                                  General Residential Care

                                                  Special Residential Care




                            82%




                                      32
             5.10 Number of Children in Residential Care at 31 December 1989-2001


900


800                 765
      734
700
                                                                           636
                                                         595
600                                                                                 569
                                      542

500

400


300


200


100


  0
      1989          1992              1998              1999              2000      2001




                                                33
                     5.11 Percentage of Children in Foster and Residential Care at 31 December 1989-2001




90

                                       79.37          78.01
80                                                                    77.55
                         73.9
     72.06
70                                                                                    66.90


60


50                                                                                                     Foster
                                                                                                       Residential
40

30           26.63
                                24.8

20
                                               13.6           14.11           14.38
                                                                                              10.31
10

 0
       1989                1992          1998           1999            2000            2001




                                                                 34
6.1 Legal Basis for Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01


  Health Board                                    Under Current Care Order                            Voluntarily      Total


  ERHA                                                                    849                                   1981   2830


  MHB                                                                      88                                    156    244


  MWHB                                                                    211                                    180    391


  NEHB                                                                    284                                    150    434


  NWHB                                                                    139                                     82    221


  SEHB                                                                    192                                    348    540


  SHB                                                                     249                                    340    589


 WHB                                                                      144                                    124    268


  NATIONAL                                                               2156                                   3361   5517


  As % of Total                                                          39.08                              60.92       100

Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)



                                                                    35
                                        6.2 Legal Basis for Care of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                              Percentage Breakdown by Health Board


   80

               70
   70                                       65.44
                        63.93                               62.9             64.44
                                                                                                                     60.92
   60                                                                                         57.72
                                53.96                                                                 53.73

   50                               46.04                                                                 46.27
                                                                                                                             Under Current Care
                                                                                      42.28                                  Order
                                                                                                                  39.08
   40                                                              37.1                                                      Voluntarily
                    36.07                           34.56                 35.56

          30
   30
                                                                                          l

   20


   10


     0
          ERHA        MHB       MWHB         NEHB           NWHB           SEHB               SHB       WHB         NAT

Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)




                                                                                     36
                                   6.3 Legal Basis for Care of Children in Care
                               Percentage Breakdown at 31st December 1989-2001

  70

                                                                                             60.92
  60
                                                                             53.64
          51.3                 50.5        51.15             50.71
                 48.7   49.5          48.85          49.29
  50                                                                 46.36


                                                                                     39.08
  40
                                                                                                     Care Order
                                                                                                     Voluntarily
  30



  20



  10



   0
           1989           1992           1998           1999              2000          2001

Please note that the National total for 2001 includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum(1,007 in the ERHA area)


                                                                     37
7.1 Primary Reason for Admission of Children in Care at 31/12/01
Health    Physical Sexual Emotional Neglect Parents     Parents    Parents Child with         Child Domestic Pregnancy Abusing   Asylum    Other   Total
Board      Abuse Abuse       Abuse         Unable to addicted to suffering Emotional/ Abandone Violence         (Child) Drugs Seekers -
                                               Cope/     Drugs/ psychiatric Behavioural d /Rejected                     (Child Unaccomp
                                            Parental    Alcohol     illness   Problems                                             anied
                                              Illness                                                                            Minors

ERHA         101      62        21     593      515       257         39          72        50          4          2        0     1007      107    2830


MHB           14       5        11      60       89        21          0           9        20          6          0        0         0       9     244


MWHB          24      10          4     66      147        76          0          21        16          0          0        0         0      27     391


NEHB          44      11          5    200      113        16          0           6        23          7          0        0         1       8     434


NWHB          17      19          4     32      100        19          0           1          8         0          0        0         0      21     221


SEHB          17      16        12     166      161        37         25          40        39          5          0        0         1      21     540


SHB           85      99        82     196       13        27          1          45        18         11          0      12          0       0     589


WHB           24       7        20      27       85        65          4           3        13          0          1        0         0      19     268


NAT          326     229       159 1340       1223        518         69         197       187         33          3      12      1009      212    5517


As % of      5.91   4.15       2.88 24.29     22.17       9.39      1.25        3.57       3.39       0.6       0.05     0.22     18.29    3.84     100
Total

                                                                           38
                   7.2 Primary Reason for Admission of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                  National Percentage Breakdown



                                                                          Physical Abuse
                        3.84%     5.91%                                   Sexual Abuse
                                             4.15%
                                                                          Emotional Abuse
                                                     2.88%
          18.29%
                                                                          Neglect

                                                                          Parents Unable to Cope/ Parental
0.22%                                                                     Illness
                                                                          Parents addicted to Drugs/ Alcohol
0.05%
0.60%                                                                     Parents suffering psychiatric illness

  3.39%                                                      24.29%       Child with Emotional/ Behavioural
                                                                          Problems
                                                                          Child Abandoned /Rejected
  3.57%
   1.25%                                                                  Domestic Violence

                                                                          Pregnancy (Child)

          9.39%                                                           Abusing Drugs (Child)

                                                                          Asylum Seekers - Unaccompanied
                                                                          Minors
                                                                          Other
                                22.17%




                                                39
                                   7.3 Primary Reason for Admission of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                               Percentage Breakdown by Health Board




100
                                                                                     91.17
 90

 80
      71.2
                                                68.66
 70                                                                                                         66.59
                                                                                                                        Child Centred
 60                                     57.03                           57.78                       57.46
                                                                53.85                                                   Family
                    52.46
                                                                                                                        Centred
 50                     47.54                           46.15
                                42.97                                       42.22               42.54

 40
                                                                                                                33.41
                                                    31.34
             28.8
 30

 20
                                                                                         8.83
 10

  0
      ERHA           MHB         MWHB            NEHB       NWHB        SEHB          SHB         WHB         NAT




                                                                                40
              7.4 Primary Reason for Admission of Children in Care at 31 December 1989-2001




4000
                                                                                 3674

3500


3000


2500                                                               2280
                                                       2156               2144
                                  2034          2060
                                         1950
2000   1816 1875                                                                        1843
                                                                                               Child Centred
                           1622
                                                                                               Family Centred
                    1468
1500


1000


 500


   0
         1989         1992          1998          1999              2000          2001

                                                              41
8.1 Length of Stay of Children in Care at 31/12/01


  Health Board                              Up to 1 year                      1-5 years                5 years +     Total


  ERHA                                               937                          1251                      642      2830

  MHB                                                 72                             95                         77    244

  MWHB                                                86                            146                     159       391

  NEHB                                                72                            237                     125       434

  NWHB                                                43                             96                         82    221

  SEHB                                               121                            252                     167       540

  SHB                                                174                            209                     206       589

  WHB                                                 74                            102                         92    268

  NATIONAL                                         1579                           2388                     1550      5517

 As % of Totals                                    28.62                          43.28                    28.09      100


Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum (1,007 in the ERHA area)




                                                                    42
      8.2 Length of Stay of Children in Care at 31/12/01
             National Percentage Breakdown




28%                              29%



                                                    up to 1 year

                                                    1-5 years

                                                    5 years +




          43%




                                   43
                                                        8.3 Length of Stay of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                                            Percentage Breakdown by Health Board

60
                                                            54.61



50
                                                                                               46.67
             44.2                                                         43.44                                                                 43.28

                                                40.66
                            38.93
40                                         37.34                                                                                38.06
                                                                                  37.1
                                                                                                               35.48
                                                                                                                    34.97           34.33
     33.11
                                31.56                                                              30.93
                        29.51                                                                              29.54                                            up to 1 year
                                                                28.8
30                                                                                                                          27.61
                                                                                                                                            28.62   28.09
                                                                                                                                                            1-5 years

                22.69                   21.99                                            22.41                                                              5 years +
                                                                       19.46
20
                                                        16.59




10




 0
       ERHA                MHB            MWHB             NEHB          NWHB              SEHB                SHB             WHB              NAT




                                                                                          44
                                8.4 Children in Care per 10,000 for less than 5 years at 31/12/01



   70

             60
   60


   50


   40                                                                                                       37
                                                     32                         31
   30                      26
                                        24                                                   24
                                                                  22
   20                                                                                               17


   10


     0
           ERHA          MHB          MWHB         NEHB         NWHB          SEHB           SHB    WHB   NATIONAL



Population figures are taken from the 1996 census and relate to persons in the 0-18 cohort




                                                                       45
                               8.5 Children in Care per 10,000 for more than 5 years at 31/12/01




   20

             18
   18
                                       17

   16

                                                                              14                           14
   14
                                                    13           13                          13
                          12
   12


   10
                                                                                                    9

     8


     6


     4


     2


     0
           ERHA          MHB         MWHB         NEHB         NWHB          SEHB            SHB   WHB   NATIONAL


Population figures are taken from the 1996 census and relate to persons in the 0-18 cohort
                                                                      46
9.1 Family type of Children in Care at 31/12/01


Health Board        Married Couple     Married/ Living         Divorced      Co habiting        Widow/ Lone Parent            Other      Total
                                                Apart                            Couple        Widower

ERHA                            280                 264              38             264               59          740          1185      2830


MHB                              88                  32                  0            50               6            68               0    244


MWHB                             73                  80                  1            55              32          137            13       391


NEHB                             85                  98                  0            53              31          167                0    434


NWHB                             55                  44                  0            41              17            58               6    221


SEHB                             80                 131                  1            90              26          206                6    540


SHB                             125                  72              49               43              49          251                0    589


WHB                              47                  60                  4            39              21            95               2    268


NATIONAL                        833                 781              93             635              241         1722          1212      5517


As % of Totals                  15.1              14.16             1.69           11.51            4.37         31.21         21.97      100

Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum included under Other (1,007 in the ERHA area)



                                                                    47
                                       9.2 Family Type of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                             National Percentage Breakdown




                                                           15%
                          22%




                                                                                             Married Couple
                                                                         14%                 Married/ Living Apart
                                                                                             Divorced
                                                                                             Co habiting Couple
                                                                                             Widow/ Widower
                                                                         2%                  Lone Parent
                                                                                             Other

                                                                   12%
                        31%

                                                        4%




Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum included under Other (1,007 in the ERHA area)




                                                                    48
                                            9.3 Family Type of Children in Care at 31/12/01
                                               Percentage Breakdown by Health Board




   45


   40
                                                                                                               Married Couple

   35                                                                                                          Married/Living Apart

                                                                                                               Divorced
   30
                                                                                                               Co-habiting Couple

                                                                                                               Widow/Widower
   25
                                                                                                               Lone Parent
   20                                                                                                          Other


   15


   10


    5


    0
         ERHA       MHB      MWHB       NEHB      NWHB      SEHB         SHB     WHB        NAT

Please note that the National total includes 1,009 Separated Children Seeking Asylum included under Other (1,007 in the ERHA area)

                                                                    49
10.1 Children who appeared to the Health Board to be Homeless in 2001


Health Board                       Number of Homeless Children                                   Number of Homeless per 10,000

                               Males              Females                  Total             Males         Females               Total


ERHA                               97                   89                   186              2.66             2.44               5.10

MHB                                 6                    6                    12              0.92             0.92               1.84

MWHB                               34                   26                    60              3.58             2.74               6.32

NEHB                               16                   20                    36              1.65             2.06               3.71

NWHB                                3                    8                    11              0.46             1.24               1.70

SEHB                               31                   26                    57              2.59             2.17               4.76

SHB                                24                   31                    55              1.50             1.94               3.44

WHB                                 7                   27                    34              0.66             2.56               3.22
NATIONAL                          218                  233                   451                 2                2                 4

As % of Total
                                48.34               51.66                    100
Population figures are taken from the 1996 census and relate to persons in the 0-18 cohort




                                                                      50
                       10.2 Children who appeared to the Health Board to be Homeless per 10,000 in 2001




 7


                                      6
 6


          5                                                                     5
 5


                                                    4                                                        4
 4


                                                                                              3     3
 3


                        2                                         2
 2



 1



 0
        ERHA          MHB          MWHB           NEHB         NWHB          SEHB            SHB   WHB    NATIONAL
Population figures are taken from the 1996 census and relate to persons in the 0-18 cohort


                                                                      51
10.3 Age of Children who appeared to the Health Board to be Homeless in 2001


Health Board                    Under 12        12-14         15-16   17 years     No Age Given   Total


ERHA                                  22           36           69         52                7     186


MHB                                    6            3            2             1             0      12


MWHB                                   1            2           14         43                0      60


NEHB                                   6            3           19             8             0      36


NWHB                                   1            0            6             4             0      11


SEHB                                   3            4           28         22                0      57


SHB                                    7           14           18         16                0      55


WHB                                    0            5           21             8             0      34


NATIONAL                              46           67          177        154                7     451


As % of Totals                       10.2        14.86        39.25      34.15             1.55    100




                                                         52
10.4 Age of Children who appeared to the Health Board to be Homeless in 2001
                      National Percentage Breakdown




                      2%
                                10%



                                                                     Under 12
                                             15%
34%                                                                  12-14

                                                                     15-16

                                                                     17

                                                                     No Age Given




                                 39%




                                             53
            10.5 Age of Children who appeared to the Health Board to be Homeless in 2001
                               Percentage Breakdown by Health Board


80


70


60


50                                                                                   Under 12
                                                                                     12-14
40                                                                                   15-16
                                                                                     17 years
                                                                                     No Age Given
30


20


10


 0
     ERHA   MHB   MWHB      NEHB    NWHB     SEHB      SHB      WHB      NAT




                                                      54
10.6 Primary Intervention Provided for Homeless Children in 2001


                       ERHA     MHB    MWHB       NEHB          NWHB   SEHB   SHB   WHB NATIONAL As % of
                                                                                           TOTAL  Totals


Residential /hostel
Accommodation            84        1        13         0           3     14    14     14      143   31.71


Outreach Support         11        0         7         0           1      3     9      1       32     7.1


Assisted Independent
Accommodation            10        1        16        11           1      9    14      5       67   14.86


Foster Placement          3        7         3         2           2      5    12      0       34    7.54


Returned Home            48        1         3        19           1     13     6      8       99   21.95


Other                    30        2        18         4           3     13     0      6       76   16.85


TOTAL                   186       12        60        36          11     57    55     34      451    100




                                                           55
             10.7 Primary Intervention provided for Homeless Children in 2001
                              National Percentage Breakdown




      17%



                                            31%
                                                            Residential /hostel Accomodation

                                                            Outreach Support

                                                            Assissted Independent Accommodation

                                                            Foster Placement
22%
                                                            Returned Home

                                                            Other

                                           7%


        8%
                             15%




                                                  56
10.8 Primary Reason for Homelessness of Children 2001


Primary Reason              ERHA   MHB   MWHB      NEHB           NWHB   SEHB   SHB   WHB   NAT   As % of
                                                                                                   Totals
Physical Abuse of Child        7     1        3          2           0      8     7     2    30      6.65
Sexual Abuse of Child          4     0        0          1           0      0     3     1     9        2
Emotional Abuse of child       3     0        1          0           0      0     0     1     5      1.11
Neglect of Child              12     0        1          3           0      2     5     0    23       5.1
Parents unable to cope/
Parental Illness              31     3       10          2           2      8     8     1    65     14.41
Parents Abusing
Drugs/Alcohol                  7     0        0          0           2      0    11     0    20      4.43

Domestic Violence              0     0        1          8           0      1     0     0    10      2.22
Other Family Problems         23     7       21          7           0     18     4    11    91     20.18
Child Abandoned /Rejected     21     1        4          2           0      2     4     0    34      7.54
Children with Emotional/
Behavioural Problems          31     0        9          9           4     15    11    14    93     20.62
Pregnancy (Child)              3     0        1          0           0      1     0     2     7      1.55
Child or Young Person
Abusing Drugs/ Alcohol         3     0        4          2           3      1     2     1    16      3.55
Other Child Problems          41     0        5          0           0      1     0     1    48     10.64
TOTAL                        186    12       60         36          11     57    55    34   451      100



                                                             57
                       10.9 Primary Reason for Homelessness of Children in 2001
                                    National Percentage Breakdown




                                                           Physical Abuse of Child
                 11%        7%
                                 2%                        Sexual Abuse of Child
                                      1%
       4%                                  5%              Emotional Abuse of child
      2%
                                                           Neglect of Child

                                                           Parents unable to cope/ Parental Illness

                                                 14%       Parents Abusing Drugs/ Alcohol

                                                           Domestic Violence
20%
                                                           Other Family Problems

                                                           Child Abandoned /Rejected
                                                4%
                                                           Children with Emotional/ Behavioural Problems
                                            2%
                                                           Pregnancy (Child)

            8%                                             Child or Young Person Abusing Drugs/ Alcohol
                             20%
                                                           Other Child Problems




                                                     58
11.1 Number of Individuals aged 18 and Over, in Aftercare by Type of Care in 2001.


                            Foster Care         Residential Care        Supported Lodgings/          Other            Total
                                                                        Assisted Independent
                                                                          Accommodation


 Health Board               Male     Female       Male      Female          Male      Female       Male      Female


 ERHA                         11           28       21             13         10          16         11           5       115

 MHB                          13           22        0              3          2               1      2           0           43

 MWHB                         15           23        5              1          2               0      1           2           49

 NEHB                         17           23        0              0          2               7      1           2           52

 NWHB                         11           18        0              0          1               3      1           4           38

 SEHB                          6           11        5              4         10               9     11           6           62

 SHB                          30           42        5              5          3          10          0           2           97


 WHB                           8           12        0              0          2               0      2           2           26


 NATIONAL                    111          179       36             26         32          46         29          23       482




                                                           59
11.2 Number of Families Who Provided Foster Care in 2001.


 Health Board                        General    Children With Special   With Relatives   Total
                                               Needs or extra Support


 ERHA                                   594                       79              280     953

 MHB                                    138                        2               75     215

 MWHB                                   112                        7               37     156

 NEHB                                   194                        5               84     283

 NWHB                                   105                        0               44     149

 SEHB                                   223                       26               84     333

 SHB                                    320                       25               49     394


 WHB                                    147                       17               41     205


 NATIONAL                              1833                      161              694    2688




                                                        60

				
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