School Library Development Progress Report
Mrs. Supamas Na Thalang and Mr. Prasit Jomsri
A school library has been developing along with reading promotion
continuously for 50 years. It is mostly supported from the government. It is
supported mainly by NGO such as the Thai Library Association under the Crown
Princess Sirinthorn’s patronage. There are two levels of school library: Primary and
Secondary school libraries which are different.
1. The Primary School Library
There are 32,000 public primary school libraries and private primary school
libraries which are different in size. Some are small libraries, some are only book
corners. The large libraries are in large schools such as Bangkok Metropolitan
Schools and provincial nurseries. They have a little budget, which is insufficient to
their needs and which affects children’s reading abilities. The government is trying to
support change gradually. In early time there were no librarians in charge of library,
but now they are increasing in number. In 2005 the Crown Princess Sirinthorn urged
the Ministry of Education to provide enough valuable books to small school libraries.
The information in libraries consists of general books, reference, textbook,
juvenile and games. Modern libraries have a lot of information and computers with
multimedia for searching data and managing reading promotion to students by
2.The Secondary School Library
2,700 public and private secondary school are all over the country, which the
government has actually supported for 30 years. The general Education Ministry of
Education has a library promotion policy. Some public organization and with the
cooperation of a few NGO there is a new focus on the importance and usefulness of
the school library, such as the reading promotion and for new library construction.
The library size is often dependant on the school size . There are four sizes of
Secondary schools :
1. The library of a small school (1 - 499 students) Size : 3 classrooms or 189 m²
2. The library of a medium school (500-1499 students) size: 4 classrooms or 252 m².
3. The library of a large school ( 1,500-2,499 students) size: 5 classrooms or 315 m².
4. The library of extra large (2,500 students up) size: 6 classroom or 378 m².
The larger schools usually have a large library because there is a larger budget
to support it.
3. Kanjanapisek Library Project
The General Education Department had a Kanjanapisek Library project
between 1966-1999. It was given a larger budget to develop the atmosphere, interior
attractiveness and technology media.
4. The Lab School Project
In 2003-2005 the Basic Education Committee, Ministry of Education,
organized the Lab School Project, whose aim is to develop school libraries and
resources. There are 921 participative schools (one district / one school library) which
are both primary and secondary schools. Here are the ways tht have been
recommended to develop secondary school libraries:
1. The budget: The student pays library a fee of B100 a year for which the
government gives school permission. From 1999-2003 the General
Education Department managed the budget of Baht 80,000 to every
school. After that time, the budget has never been specific for libraries.
2. The management: Almost all schools have librarians who are responsible
for the library. They have to do various functions: money management, personal,
technician, information officer, coordinator, reading activity management and
teaching the use of the library for self study.
3. The various corners in a library: The librarian manages various corners for
serving the interests of the Kanjanapisek Library.
3.1 The Celebration Corner: to show loyalty to our King Bhumibhol
Adulayadet with his works.
3.2 The general book Corner: for books relating to the curriculum.
3.3 The Reference book Corner: dictionary, encyclopedia, yearbook,
alphabetical book, etc.
3.4 The Journal and Newspaper Corner: both paid copies and free copies from
the Government or from NGOs
3.5 Juvenile Corner: tales, games, fiction, comics, etc.
3.6 Exhibition Corner: new book show, reading support, Thai Traditional
Day, Buddhist Day, Thai Kings and Queens’ Memorial Day, etc.
3.7 The Art and Heritage Corner: innovation, domestic product, printed media.
3.8 Internet Corner
3.9 The Multimedia Corner: CAI, CD-ROM
3.10 Teachers’ Handbook Corner: the documents for learning and teacher’s
4. The library activity: the librarian always encourages reading and learning
promotion. For example: exhibition, literature demonstration, drop everything and
read, voice of student, reading practice, tales retold, debate, discussion, books retold,
outstanding reader, reading, camp etc. The above activities are regularly managed to
encourage reading habits of students.
5. The follow-up and evaluation of library services is done by the educational
supervisors; the General Education Department; and Thai Library Association’s
Library Contest Project.
In 2003-2004 Ministry of Education enhanced reading promotion and declared
as its policy “The Reading and Learning Promotion Year” to commemorate the
Crown Princess Sirinthorn on her 48th birthday. She is a great supporter of the Thai
Library Association. It concluded that all Thai society should cultivate youngsters’
reading habits and realize that “Reading is the way to success”. One supported
activity is the D.E.A.R. Program: “Drop Everything And Read”.
The parents were motivated and informed on how to develop their children’s
reading habits and abilities.
5. The Future of the School Library
The policy of the Ministry of Education has been to continually develop the
library. The school works for library performance support by trying to:
provide enough librarians in all schools.
increase the library budget.
acquire enough up-to-date information for all schools to reach a
standardization of 10 volumes per student.
coordinate between librarians and teachers in each school for books and
media available according to the school curriculum and students’ needs.
manage every school’s library effectively.
6. In Brief
With the development of school libraries, the government has encouraged
youths to improve their reading habits. They also support ICT (Information and
Communication Technology) in the library or e-Library. We use a book loan system,
barcode, touch screen, Internet, multimedia, etc. We may say that the government
continuously supports the development of the library because it needs youths to be
studious and to create a learning society in Thailand.