RUTH

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					    RUTH

Prepared for CBF
14 January 2007
              Background
• Name: Ruth - “friend/ship”
• Era:  1300 - 1200BC (1261?)
          » between Joshua and King Saul
          » time of political and moral chaos in Israel

• Born:   Land of Moab - ie a Moabite
          » Moab was incest-son of Lot’s eldest daughter

• Parents: Unknown
• One of two women with Bible books
  named after them (ie Ruth and Esther)                    2
            There was..
• A famine in Bethlehem
• A husband and wife -Elimelech and
  Naomi (Israelites) and their two sons
  who shifted approx 50km to the other
  side of the Dead Sea- to the land of
  Moab in search of food
• previously - Moab- who was the incest-
  son of Lot’s eldest daughter
                                           3
   Family tree..
          Elimelech
  m                Naomi
      (both tribe of Judah)




Mahlon                        Kilion




                                       4
Unfortunately...

  m                   Naomi
      (both tribe of Judah)




Mahlon                        Kilion




                                       5
Where does Ruth fit in?

       m                   Naomi
           (both tribe of Judah)




    Mahlon                       Kilion
       m                           m
   Ruth    (a                    Orpah
    Moabite)                  (a Moabite)




                                            6
       THEN…..

 m       Naomi




 m            m
Ruth        Orpah




                    7
                  So..
• Naomi decides to go back to Bethlehem
• Tells Ruth and Orpah -return to their
  people
• They both want to go with Naomi
• Orpah is persuaded but Ruth clings
• Naomi and Ruth return to Bethlehem
                                          8
               Back in Judah
• Naomi (means “pleasant”) wants to
  change her name to Mara (ie “bitter”)
   – because she left full and came back empty
• Ruth goes to glean barley in the fields
• “Turns out” she chooses Boaz’s fields
• Boaz is an honourable man, of
  Elimelech’s clan (Rahab the Jericho prostitute is his
  mother)
                                                          9
• Boaz spots Ruth and is impressed!
  The kinsman-redeemer….
• A brother-in-law to marry widowed
  sister-in-law to enable name and
  property to be maintained
• Naomi realises that Boaz can “help”
• Naomi prepares Ruth as a bride and
  sends her to Boaz to approach him after
  dinner/drinks at the threshing floor
• Ruth “interacts” with Boaz - he agrees
                                        10
      How does Boaz help?
• Next day Boaz goes to the city gate
• Finds “nearer kinsman” - and challenges
  him in front of a “full court” -10 Elders
• Nearer kinsman declines - so as next
  kinsman Boaz happily marries Ruth
• Elimelech’s property is redeemed
• A son is born
• The local women name him Obed             11
                Obed..

• ..is presented to Naomi - & adopted?

• Raised by Naomi?

• Becomes the father of Jesse who..

• Becomes the father of David (the King)

                                           12
                 Thus..
• It is said that Ruth was better to Naomi
  than seven sons!! Quite a claim
• Naomi returns from emptiness to
  fullness
• Ruth likewise is blessed and blesses
  her mother-in-law by her faithfulness
• A Moabite woman appears in Jesus’
  lineage in Matt 1:5
                                             13
             Questions?
• Did Ruth “sleep” with Boaz “that night”?

• Why is the story of Ruth in the Bible?

• What are the key themes?



                                           14
            Response (1)
• Did Ruth “sleep” with Boaz “that night”?

  – Bible doesn’t say that she did


  – She may have - but based on both their
    previous behaviours -I don’t think so


                                             15
            Response (2)
• Why is the story of Ruth in the Bible?

  – Not really sure, it could be to show that we
    are all represented in the ancestry of Christ
    ie neither Ruth nor Rahab were Israelites

  – Maybe the themes are important?


                                                16
             Response (3)
• What are the key themes?
  – God fills emptiness in unexpected ways
  – God uses & blesses ordinary people whose
    everyday decisions honour Him
  – Selfless love of both Ruth and Boaz
  – Unswerving devotion, not heritage, makes
    us one of God’s people
  – The life-saving role of the willing “redeemer”
                                                17
Until our Redeemer appears..




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