Pyuthan Samachar - 7 by gulminews

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                                                                       hgdt ;+|xsf] dfu ul//x]sf 5g\ .              5}g . s] ToxL ;+:sf/ xfdL ;+3Lotfdf           / emg{' kbf{ cfkm"x?n] kfPsf] hflto /fHo
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;+ljwfg aGg] lemgf] cf;f eg] lhljQ} 5 .                                lj/f] w df aGb x' G 5 slxn] To;} s f]        ;Dej 5 < 5}g . To;}n] To;f] eGg'              x'g'k¥of] . / kf6L{n] u/]sf] lg0f{o g}
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          km]/L clGtd cj:yfdf cfP/ ;+ljwfg ;efsf] cfo"nfO{             5 eg] ;+3Lo k|b]zsf] ;+/rgf agfpg t
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cf]u6]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] qmdnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg                  k|d'v sf/0f xf] hflto k|b]zsf] xfpu'hL       hfltsf] cfsf+Iff;Dd ;Daf]wg ug{sf                                         { +
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                                                                       . dfcf]jfbLn] cfˆgf] z;:q ljb|f]xnfO{        nflu eGb} s]xL k|b]z hflto cfwf/df            lt/} nfUg' kg]{ afWotf eof] .
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                    ]
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bnx?sf] /fhgLlts :jfy{ / cfGtl/s lvrnf]n] ;+ljwfg                                    eG5g\ …c;Dej d" v { s f]
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Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                        @)^* ;fn d+l;/ !$ ut] a'wjf/                                                                      #


1                                                                                                                                                               2
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Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                     @)^* ;fn d+l;/ !$ ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                    $
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                                                                    – h]i7 z'Sn Psfb;L jf lgh{nf PsfbzL                                     e|i6frf/L u2f/x?nfO{ ;fdflhs
                                                                    @_ d';ndfgn] Psk6s ug}{kg]{ ltyf{6gnfO{ s] klg elgG5 <
ltd|f] pkxf/df ldn]sf ;j} b'Mvsf hx/ d lkpnf
olt w]/} rf]6x? lbof} ltdn] hLjg d lhpnf                            – xh                                                                     jlx:sf/sf] ;+:sf/ a;fNg'k5{
x/]s ljxfgLx? z'e nfUy] s'g} lbg d'g v'Nbf                          #_ dflg;n] TofUg'kg]{ tLgj6f lrh s] s] nfO{ dflgG5 <
                                                                    – qmf]w, eo / rl/qlxgtf                                                              cfhsfn sf] hdfgfdf /fd|f] s'/fsf] ljsf; x'g Tolt
5rlNsPsf 5g\ lk8f dg e/L / kgL cf]7 d l;pnf                                                                                                 ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . ;To s'/f dflg;x? ;'Gg dfGb}gg, lsgsL ;To
ltd|f ld7f; zJbx?n] 8;]/ h:tf] nfU5 cfh,                            $_ k|ydk6s k|sflzt x'Fbf -lj=;+ !(%*_ df uf]/vfkqsf] d"No
                                                                    slt /flvPsf] lyof] <                                                    lttf] x'G5, sfdnfUg] s'/f x? ug{ vf]Hof] eg]t sltko 7fFpx?df
l7s} 5 ca ;fr]/ s] ef] hf]x ;DemL d lkmtf{ lbpnf .                                                                                          cfkm} lx:;Lg' kb{5 . k'lF hafbsf] k|efjn] ubf{ cfh dflg;df dfgljo
ltd|f] pkxf/df ldn]sf ;j} b'Mvsf hx/ d lkpnf                        – $ k};f
                                                                    %_ sf7sf] sfdug]{nfO{ l;sdL{ eg]em} x:tsnfsf] sfd ug]{nfO{              efj x/fpFb} uPsf] 5, zx/ ahf/sf] s'/f u¥of] eg] t ToFxf dflg;x?sf]
olt w]/} h?k lbof} x+uL / klg hLjg d lhpnf .                        s] elgG5 <                                                              a:tL 5 sL hgfj/x?sf] a:tL xf] 7Dofpg ufx|f] x'G5 . ToFxf
zAb lsh]/ cfFrndf d'Ss'/fpbf ld7} nfUYof] s]xL lbg                  – sflnu9                                                                uf]hLdf bfd 5 t ;a} 5 t/ uf]hLdf bfd 5}g eg] s]xL klg 5}g .
cflv/ e|d t /x]5 Tof] ofqf hLGbuLsf] l7s} 5 d lj;L{ lbpFnf          ^_ vf;u/L g]jf/L ;+:s[ltdf h+sf] gfds ;+:sf/ slt jif{sf] x'Fbf                       cfh dflg;df e8lsnf] ;:sf/sf] ljsf; ePsf] 5 .
ofqfsf x/]s 36gfx?df km]/L klg 3f]R5 d'6' of]                       ul/G5 <                                                                 Pp6f gFof sk8f nufof] eg] af6f]df lt/Lld/L ub{} lxF8g] u5{g
lk8fdf sv6 abNb} ;w} d ltd|} uhn ;[lh lbpnf .                       – && jif{ & dlxgf & lbg                                                 cfhsf dfG5]x?, >d u/]/ vfg] afgL x/fO;s]sf] 5, hfFu/ d/]/
ltd|f] pkxf/df ldn]sf ;j} b'Mvsf lk8fx? d lkpnf                     &_ r]kfË hfltnfO{ k|hf gfdfs/0f slxn] ePsf] xf] <                       uPsf] 5 dfG5]x? emg kl5 emg cldtAooL aGb} uO/x]sf 5g .
olt w]/} b'Mv lbof} x+uL Û / klg hLjg d lhpnf                       – lj=;+ @)#$                                                            ;dfh ;]jf, /fhlgtL, 3d{ h:tf s'/fx? t w]/} dflg;x? ;'Gg
s] yfxfF ltdLnfO{ s;/L d lhPsf] 5'                                  *_ kfNsL jf]Sg] hft eg]/ s'g hfltnfO{ lrlgG5 <                          klg ?rfFpb}gg clg tkfO eGg'xf]nf cj dfG5] s] /fd|f] dfG5g t,
ltd|f] ;Demgfdf s}og /ft slt cfFz' lkPsf] 5' .                      – emfFu8                                                                s] ;'Gg ?rfFp5g t, clg s:tf] ;+:sf/ dg k/fpF5g t <
x'Fb}g of]jgsf] ljxfg x+uL Û cj slxNo}                              (_ /fhgLltdf ;j}eGbf j9L dlxnf ;dfj]z ePsf] b]z s'g xf] <                                                  ]       ]
                                                                                                                                                         dfG5]x? cfhsfn ems{/ af]nsf] / ufnL u/]sf] dgk/fpF5g,
x/If0f v';Lx?sf] cfx'tL d}n] lbPsf] 5'                              – :jL8]g                                                                clZnn s'/fx? af]Ng dg k/fpF5g, dfG5] gfªu} ;8sdf lxF8sf] dg     ]
rfxfgfsf s}og udnf ;lh/ lyP hLGbuLdf                                !)_ slkm v]tLsf] nflu k|l;4 lhNnf s'g xf] <                                                                   "
                                                                                                                                            k/fpF5g, ;8sdf ef]s} lxFl8/x]sf] s's/nfO 9'Ëfn] xfg]/ dfg{ ?rfFp5g,
v'Ng vf]h]y] oL cf]7x? t/ klg d}n] l;Psf] 5' .                      – u'NdL                                                                 ef]s nfu]/ Pshgf ul/j ?Fb} s/fpFb} vfgf dflu/x]sf] b]Vbf xfF:g dg
s] yfxfF ltdLnfO{ s;/L d lhPsf] 5'                                  !!_ dlxnfnfO{ :s'n lzIff glbg] b]z s'g xf] <                            k/fFp5g\ . xf] o:t} s'/fx?n] kl5Nnf dflg;x?sf ;F:sf/ / ;F:s[ltsf]
ltd|f] ;Demgfdf s}og /ft slt cfFz' lkPsf] 5' .                      – ;fpbL c/a                                                             k|ltlglwTj ug{] ub{5g . o:t} g/fd|f] ;F:sf/x? t y'k}| 5g\ To;sf] rrf{
gogsf ;ptLx?;+u /lt em'Dy] x+uL hLGbuLx?,                           !@_ ;+;f/sf] ;j}eGbf s8f j:t' s'g xf] <                                                        F
                                                                                                                                            tkfO{ / d}n] ub{} u/f}nf oxfF rfFxL rrf{ u/f}F dfly pNn]v ul/Ps}
ctLtsf x/If0f d}n] ;lemPsf] 5 .                                     – lx/f                                                                  kl5Nnf s';:sf/x?s} au{df kg{] e|i6 cfrf/ cyf{t e|i6frf/ " sf] .
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sbd b/ sbd rn]Yof] x+uL Û 8f]¥ofP/ df]8x?df                         !#_ g]kfndf jg]sf] klxnf] /+lug rnlrq s'g xf] <                         crDd} dfGg'k5{ g/fd|f] s'/fsf] lasf; xfd|f] of] b]zdf slt df}nfPsf]
:d[tLsf cf]em]nx?df d cem} alNemPsf] 5' .                           – s'df/L                                                                xf]nf < hFxf OR5f ToFxf pkfP eGg] pvfgnfO{ abn]/ hFxf ;fj{hlgs
s] yfxfF ltdLnfO{ s;/L d lhPsf] 5'                                  !$_ ljZjdf ;j}eGbf j9L lkmNd x]g]{ b]z s'g xf] <                                                                          F          '
                                                                                                                                            7fFp ToxfF e|i6frf/ eGbf clto'lQm gxf]nf . ufFp x'b} lhNnf xFb} ;/sf/
ltd|f] ;+emgfdf s}og /ft slt cfFz' lkPsf] 5' .                      – lkmlnlkG;                                                             xFb} ;'8fg 3f]6fnf;Dd e|i6frf/sf] s]Gb|Ls/0f ePsf] 5 . Pp6f ;/sf/L
                                             Pd c~hfg               !%_ g]kfndf ;j}eGbf klxn] ljdfg b'3{6gf slxn] ePsf] xf] <                                                                   \
                                                                                                                                            sfof{nodf sfd ug{] sd{rf/Lsf] 3/vr{ ;a} hf]8g] xf] eg] To;sf]
                      /fKtL d]l8sn xn n'ª–^ afxfg], Ko"7fg          – lj=;+ @)!&÷)&÷)&                                                                                              F}
                                                                                                                                            tnan] Tof] vr{ wfGg Tolt kof{Kt x'bg t/ p;n] :6of088{ uf8L,
                                                                    !^_ ljZjdf ;j}eGbf j9L wfg pTkfbg ug]{ b]z s'g xf] <                            +
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            g]kfnsf] ultljlw                                        !&_ cfsfzdf ljdfgljr x'g] o'4nfO{ s] elgG5 <
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                                                                                                                                            tnjn] aNn aNn wfG5 xf]nf . t/ pgLsFxf nfvf}F s/f]8f}Fsf]
g]kfnsf] l:ylt o:t}5 hgtfx?                                         – 8u kmfO6                                                              ;Dklt, ufl8, kflysf kfly ;'g sFxfaf6 cfFp5 < plgx? cfkm\gf]
;j} s'/f efif0fdf l;ldt /fV5g\ g]tfx?                               !*_ d}ynL hfltsf dxfsjL sf] x'g\ <                                      lhjg e/ /fhgLlt ubf{ wgk};f sdfpg kfFpb}gg hgtfsf] ;]jfdf
hgtf xfdL ;j}ldnL s';L{ j9fpg' 5                                    – dxfslj ljBfklt                                                        nfUg]n] s;/L k};f sdfpg ;S5 of] ;a} n] a'em\Gf] s'/f xf] .
clg g]kfnsf ;f9]nfO{ v';L jgfpg' 5                                  !(_ d/]kl5 nf; sf6]/ v'jfpg] k|rng s'g hfltdf 5 <                       ;Qfdf gk'u"gh]n / ;efifb gaGbf;Dd lt g]tfx? Yff]qf rKkn
sfnn] 5f]8\nf j? n8fOF ug{ 5f]8b}gg\                                – bf]h]{                                                                k8sfP/ ufFp3/df lxF8g] uy{] . t/ pgLx? ha ;Qfdf k'U5g ta
cfkm" dnf{g j? n8fO{ ;fDo kfb}{gg\                                  @)_ ufOe};Lsf] bxL, dxL, nfO{ lrgfpg] Pp6} zJb s] xf] <                 plgx?sf] rfnfdfnf l5§} ablng k'Ub5, of] ;a clVtof/sf]
jNntNn agfOof] dGqL cem} 5}g\ zflGt                                 – uf]/;                                                                 b'?kof]usf] sf/0fn] g} plgx?sf] rl/qdf sfnf] bfu nfUg hfG5 .
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;f+;b Ho"sf] rln/f5 /ftlbg qmflGt                                                                                        n'ª–@, Ko"7fg      xfd|f] b]zdf clxn] ;Dd xfldn] b]v]sf ;/sf/L sfof{nox?df s'g}
j'l4 5 eg] g]tf Ho", g]kfnnfO{ zflGt jgfpg';                                                                                                g s'g} k|sf/sf] clVtof/Lsf] ldrfO ePs} x'G5 . e|i6frf/Lx?nfO
g]tf jNn tkfO{x? xfO–xfO x'g'g]5                                    cfhsnsf s]6fx? n6] skfn kfNg yfn]                                       g]kfndf pRr /fhgLlts ;F/If0f /x]sf] 5 . h'g;'s} ;/sf/ cfPklg
gq eg] g]tfx? jfO{–jfO{ x'g'g]5                                     s]6Lx?n] nfpg] d'Gb|f em'Dsf Pln{ªx? nfpg yfn] .                        p;n] eGg EofPs} x'G5 …xfdL e|i6frf/ h;/L eP klg pGd'ng
                                      gljg s]=;L= æ;+3if{Æ          efsf] l;ªuf] kfOG6 klg RofyL–RofyL nfpg yfn]                            u//} 5f85f}FÚ t/ ;a}eGbf al9 ;/sf/ leq}af6 e|i6frf/ ePsf]
                                  u+uf p=df=lj= jfxfg], Ko"7fg      SofDk; hfG5' elg x8\g], lkmlnd xndf wfpg yfn] .                         xfld clxn] ;Dd b]lv/x}sf 5f} .
                                                                    efsf] sfnf] skfn klg ;Kt/+uL kfg{ yfn]                                               To;sf/0f ;j{k|yd t ;/sf/n] cfkm\gf] rfnf ;'wfg{'k5{
olx j]nf xf]nf d}n], rfx]/ n]v] uhn                                 l7s 7fpFdf nfpg] sk8f tflg–tflg nfpg yfn] .                             . g]kfndf htL gf/fx? hlkPklg e|i6frf/sf] pGd'ng x'g ;ls/x]sf]
;flxTo jG5' elg, df}sf kfP/ n]v] uhn .                              b'O{ k};fsf] j'l4 5}g b'j} xftdf r'/f]6 lng yfn]                        5}g . …e|i6frf/LnfO ls/f k/f];Ú eGg]x? cfkm} e|i6frf/ ul//x]sf
uhn n]Vg] lgodx?, s]xL dnfO{ yfxfF lyPg                             g;f lnO{ htf tt} wDSofpFb} lxGg yfn] .                                  5g, h;n] hgla/f]wL sfd u5{ To;nfO{ dfgjLo Aoaxf/ af6}
                                                                    cfhsnsf o'jfx? lrGg g;lsg] x'g yfn]                                     6f9f /fVg' k5{, dfgj la/f]wL sfd ug{]nfO{ d dfG5] x'F eGg]
;flxTodf ;fy xft kfP, ha sf]/] uhn .                                SofDk; k9g hfG5' elg df]h d:tLdf wfpg yfn] .                                                                                   "
                                                                                                                                            clwsf/ 5}g . /fhgLlts cfj/0fdf cfh e|i6frf/L s's/x? afFlr/x]sf
uhn n]Vg yfNby] c/], ;w} pgsf] ofbdf                                cfhsnsf s]6fx? km];gsf] lut ufpg yfn]                                   5g\ To;sf/0f lbg kl5 emg\ emg\ e|i6frf/ df}nfpFb} uO/x]sf] 5
lbgf} n]Vg] uy]{ c/], pgnfO{ ;lDem dWo] /ftdf .                                                                    sljtf zdf{               . h'g ;/sf/ / /fhgLlts kfl6{n] e|i6frf/Lx?nfO{ kfn]/ /fV5 Tof]
dgdf /x]sf efjgf, jflx/ lng sf]/] uhn                                                lj=P= k|yd aif{ Ko"7fg SofDk; vn+uf, Ko"7fg            kfl6{ / ;/sf/nfO{ ;Dk'0f{ hgtfx?n] alx:sf/sf] ;F:sf/ a;fNg'k5{
hLjgdf wf]sf kfP, zflGt lng sf]/] uhn .                                                                                                     . clxn] ;Dd e|6frf/ pGd'ng ug{ /fhgLlts kfl6{x? ;kmn
yfxfF kfP hLGbuLdf, ta sf]/] uhn                                    h'g PSn} 5 cfsfz klg PSn}                                               gePsf] / /fhgLlts kfl6{s} g]tfx?af6 e|i6frf/ x'g] u/]sfn] cj
;+3if{ g} ;kmn /}5, ha sf]/] uhn .                                  sf]lx 5}g ;fyL of] dg PSn} 5                                            g]kfndf e|i6frf/ pGd'ng ug{sf] nfuL gful/s ;dfhsf] ;lqmotfsf]
                                                                    lgleuP cfzfx? x/fO uP tf/f klg                                          vfFrf] 5 . h'g;'s} If]qdf klg x'g] h:tf] ;'v} e|i6frf/sf] la?4df
                                          OZj/ jf]x/f If]qL         hLGbuL of] ;fFemdf d]/f] dg PSn} 5
                                       n'ª–(, k"0ff{ufpF, Ko"7fg    eml/;s] k|no dgsf sf]lknfx?                                             Aofks hgr]tgfsf] a[4L ug{sf] nfuL ;fdflhs cfj/0faf6} k|of;sf]
                                                                    ljZjf;sf] au}+rfdf of] dg PSn} 5                                        cfjZostf 5 . e|i6frf/sf] csf{] sf/0f dflg;x?df k'Flhafbsf]
cfhef]nL dfUg] eGbf n'6\g]x? dxfg c/]                               slxn] jf]ln/xg] slxn] lglelbg]                                          r/d k|efj klg xf] . tf ls dflg;n] s;/L ld7f] vfg], s;/L
n'sLl5kL dfG5] dfg{ s'6\g]x? dxfg c/] .                             lbofnfsf] cfzdf of] dg PSn} 5                                           df]hd:tL / ;'v;on ug{], s;/L t8s e8s :6fOn b]vfpg] eGg]
kfk wd{ xfd|f] sd{ cfkm}nfO{ yfxfF 5}g\                                                                              k|ltef kf}8]n          dfgl;stf clxn]sf dflg;x? agfO/x]sf x'G5g, lb3{sfnsf] nfuL
uNtL lagf b08 5'6\g]x? dxfg c/] .                                                                                                           s;}n] klg ;f]FRg] u/]sf] 5}g .
                                                                                                dx]Gb| gd'gf p=df=lj= vn+uf, Ko"7fg                      hj k};f ;lsG5 tj e|i6frf/ g} To;sf] hjfkm x'G5,
b'Mv kbf{ cfFz' emfb}{} d]/f] /fhf eGg]x?
kmsf{P/ n'l6;sL r'6\g]x? dxfg c/] .                                 r' 6 lsnf                                                               hj dflg; cfkm\gf] ;fbf lhagaf6 dfyL p7\g vf]H5 tj p;sf]
sd{ u/L vfg]x? ufFp3/sf kfv] eP                                                 Pp6f ls;fgsf] 3/df ls;fgsL ;f;" cfP/ a;]sL lyOg\ .          tnjn] k'Ub}g clg p e|i6frf/ ug{ afWo x'G5 . To;sf/0f dflg;df
s'sd{ / jf;gdf h'6\g]x? dxfg c/] .                                  tL ls;fgn] Pp6f uwf klg kfn]sf /x]5g\ . Ps lbg s;f]–s;f] ubf{           ldtAooL ;f]Frsf] lasf; ug{sf] nfuL ;/sf/ / ;fdflhs If]qaf6
nf]eLkfkL 3/e/L ;'v ;on vf]hL /fV5g\                                uwfn] Ps nfQL a'9Lsf] lgwf/df xfg]/ a'9L dl/5g\ . zjofqfsf] a]nf        cln a9Lg} kxn ug{' cfjZos /x]sf] b]lvG5 . kl5Nnf ;dodf
cfkm\gf] 3/ e8fP/ km'6\g]x? dxfg c/] .                              7"nf] eL8 hDdf eP5 . Pshgfn] eg]5g\–ls;fgsL ;f;' t ;fx|}                laleGg ;+3;F:yfx? 4f/f ;]jf k|bfos lgsfox?n] hgtfdf k|bfg
                                                   ;ld/ >]i7        nf]slk|o x'gxGYof] sof/ Û ToxL eP/ t w]/} dnfdL cfP . …xf]OgÚ, csf]n]
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                                                                                                                                            cfof]hgf ug{] ul/Psf] 5 . o:tf k|of;n] e|i6frf/sf] pGd'ngsf]
                                                  vn+uf, Ko"7fg     pQ/ lbof]–…oL ;a} Tof] uwf lsGg kfOG5 ls eg]/ cfPsf x'g\ .Ú             nfuL dxTjk'0f{ e'ldsf v]Ng] ub{5 . xfd|f] ;dfhdf /fd|f] sfdsf]
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                                                                                                                                            /fd|f] sfd u¥of] eg] Tof] /fd|f] sfd c?nfO{ kfRo x'Fb}g . sltko
                                   ;ftfsf] tl:j/                                                                                            /fhgLlts kfl6{df s;}n] cfly{s clgoldttfsf] laifodf af]Ng
                                                                                                                                            vf]Hof] eg] To;nfO{ kfl6{ cg'zf;gsf] sfjf{xL ul/G5, To:t} s'g}
                                                                                                                                            ;/sf/L sfof{nodf s'g} Pshgf sd{rf/Ln] k};f lxgfldgfsf] s'/f
                                                                                                                                            p7fof] eg] To;sf] sfn cfPsf] dfGg'k5{ . g]kfndf unt sfd
                                                                                                                                            ug{]x?nfO{ sfg'gL tj/af6 k|lqmof cuf8L a9fOPklg Tof] nfu'x"g
                                                                                                                                            ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . ;fgfnfO{ P]g 7'nfnfO{ r}g eg]em}F ;j{;fwf/0fn]
                                                                                                                                            u/sf] uNtL dfq sfg'gn] b]Vg] ul//x]sf] 5 t/ 7'nf kFx'rdf ePsf
                                                                                                                                            dfG5]x?nfO{ sfg'gn] 5'g ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . of] cj:yfdf ;a}nfO{
                                                                                                                                            unt sfd u/]afkt sfaf{xLsf] cge'lt u/fpg / ug{sf] nfuL ca
                                                                                                                                            hg;d'bfosf] tkm{af6 s]xL s8f sbd rfNg kg{] b]lvG5 . ;dfhaf6
                                                                                                                                            e|i6frf/nfO{ h/}af6 pv]Ngsf] nfuL e|i6frf/LnfO{ hg;d'bfoaf6}
                                                                                                                                            alx:sf/ ug{'k5{ . pgLx?k|lt ul/g] Aoaxf/ c? dflg;;/x eGbf
                                                                                                                                            cln km/s ug{'k5{ . tfls e|i6frf/Lx?nfO{ of] s'/fsf] /fd|f];Fu ofb
                                                                                                                                            xf];\ sL e|i6frf/ ug{' / dg{' a/fa/ /x]5 .
                                                                                                                                                                sonukumarsun2@gmail.com
                                                                                                                                                                                            ;f]g' s'df/ ;'gf/
                                                                                                                                                  …afnaflnsfsf] cfTd;Ddfg u/f}+
;/;kmfO{;Fu} ;+:s[lt M ljlxjf/ vjfª uf=lj=;= nfO{ v'nf lb;fd'Qm    ljx]jf/L lj; eGbf kf/L M ljlxjf/ sflnsf ljsf; s]Gb| g]kfn
uf=lj=;= 3f]if0ff sfo{qmddf :yfgLo snf ;+:s[lt k|4{zg ub}{         ;]e b lrN8]gsf] ;fem]bf/Ldf ;j{gfd gf6\o ;d"x sflnsf :yfg                afnaflnsfnfO{ x]nf, lx+;f / b'Jo{jxf/af6 arfcf}+ .Ú
:yfgLo -;dfrf/ k[i7 % df_                                          sf7df08f}n] lhNnfsf ljleGg ljBfnox?df dft[ lz;' tyf k|hgg\                           hglxtsf nflu
                                                                   :jf:Yo ;DjlGw ;8s gf6s k|:t't ug]{ qmddf dx]Gb| pdflj
                           tl:j/ M Ps/fh÷Ko" 7 fg ;dfrf/           vn+ufsf] Ps b[io .          tl:j/ M PnaL÷Ko"7fg ;dfrf/                                                         ]
                                                                                                                                            sflnsf ljsf; s]Gb| g]kfn / ;]e b lrN8«g
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                               @)^* ;fn d+l;/ !$ ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                   %
                                                                                      Ko"7fg ufp“3/
lj1fg ;+sfodf ljBfyL{sf] cfsif{0f :ju{åf/L–sf7df08f}+
;' h n >] i 7÷Ko" ; ;
            Ko"7fg÷sIff !@ kf; u/]sf
dgf]h kf]v|]n clxn] ljP:;L, cflif;
                                                                                                                                        /fqL j; ;]jf ;+rfng
                                                                                                                                                     :ju{ 4 f/L-Ko" ; ;_÷ Ko" 7 fgsf]   le+u[–:juåf/L df]6/af6f] lgdf0f{ ePkl5
kf}8]n OlGhlgol/ª / ;'hg zfx ljP:;L                                                                                                     ko{6lso tyf wfld{s lty{:yn :ju{åf/Laf6          ;ldltn] ;f] e m} :ju{ å f/Lb] l v
k9\g] tof/Ldf x'g'x'G5 . lhNnfd} k|fljlws                                                                                               :ju{åf/L–sf7sf08f} /flq a; ;]jf ;+rfng          sf7df08f};Dd a; ;]jf ;+rfng u/]sf]
lzIffsf] ?kdf ;+rfng ul/Psf] lj1fg                                                                                                      ePsf] 5 . ko{6g jif{ ;g\ @)!! sf]               xf] . ;ldltsf cg';f/ :ju{åf/L vfnsf]
;+sfodf ljBfyL{x?n] pRr lzIff k9\g                                                                                                      cj;/df oxfF cfpg] ltyf{n' wfld{s                g;af6 laxfg !!M$% ah], w/dkfgLaf6
kfpg] eP kl5 lo ljBfyL{x?sf] ;kgfn]                                                                                                     ko{ 6 sx?sf] dWogh/ ub} { :ju{ å f/L            !@M$% ah], bf]d}af6 @M$% / le+u[af6 #
;fy{stf kfpg ;s]sf] xf] .                                                                                                               ;fj{hlgs oftoft Joj;foL ;ldltn]                 ah] a; 5'6\g] ;do ldnfOPsf] cWoIf
            pRr lzIffdf lj1fg ;+sfo                                                                                                     d+nujf/b]lv /fqL ;]jf ;+rfng u/]sf] xf]] .      lxd s];Ln] atfpg'eof] . ;8s ;'ljwfsf]
cWoogsf nflu lhNnfd} ;'ljwf ePkl5                                                                                                                    :ju{ 4 f/L vfn uflj;–*             cefjdf o; cl3 :ju{åf/L cfpg] wfld{s
lgDg cfo >f]t ePsf ljBfyL{x? al9                                                                                                        g;df ePsf] pb\3f6g sfo{qmddf gf=#               lty{ofqLx? bfª 3f]/fxL eP/ uf8Laf6
nfefGjLt ePsf 5g\ . pRr lzIffdf                                                                                                         v #$)@ gDj/sf] a; tyf rfnsnfO{                  cfpg] ub{y] .
lj1fg ;+sfo cWoogsf nflu sf7df08f},+                                                                                                    km" n dfnf ;lxt :jfut ul/ uf8L                             lhNnfaf6} ;8s ;' l jwf
a'6jn, g]kfnu+h nufot 7"nf zx/df                                                                                                        5'6fOPsf] 5 . :ju{4f/L vfn uflj;sf              hf]l8Psf]n] a; ;]jf ;+rfng ug{sf nflu
hfg' kg{] Ko"7fgL ljBfyL{x?sf nflu clxn]                                                                                                e' t k" j { cWoIf 6+ s k| ; fb vgfnsf]          :ju{åf/L cfwf/ l;lj/ le+u[df ;j{klIfo
;xh ePsf] 5 . lhNnfd} klxnf] k6s                                                                                                        cWoIftfdf sfo{qmd ul/Psf] xf] .                 e]nf a;]sf] lyof] . :ju{åf/Ldf cfGtl/s
lj1fg ;+sfo d'lQm pRr dfWoflds                                                                                                                       ;8s ;'ljwf;Fu 6f9f /x]sf]          tyf afXo ko{ 6 g u/L :jb] z tyf
ljBfno ljhogu/ /ftfdf6fdf :yfkgf                                                                                                        ko{6lso wfld{s lty{:yn :ju{åf/Ldf                                 af“sL ^ k]hdf ====
ul/Psf] xf] . oxfFaf6 klxnf] k6s o;           pxfFn] ut jif{ cg'lQ{0f ePsf ljBfyL{x?                                    {
                                                                                            a9L /fxt k'¥ofPsf] bfjL ug'eof] . Ko"7fg
                                              ;d]t clxn] vfnL gePsf] / /f]huf/L             lhNnfsf] ;fy} /f]Nkf, u'NdL lhNnfaf6
jif{ @@ hgfn] lj1fg ;+sfoaf6 sIff
!@ ;s]sf 5g\ . o; dWo tLg hgf
k|yd >]i0fLdf plQ{0f ePsf lyP .
                                              d'ns lzIff ePsfn] klg lj1fg z+sfo
                                              ljBfyL{x?sf] 5gf}6df k/]sf] xf] .
                                                                         '
                                                           ljh'jf/ ufFh/LsL clgtf v8\sfn]
                                                                                            ;d] t ljBfyL{ k9\ g cfPsf] pF x fn]
                                                                                            atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] ljBfyL{sf nflu
                                                                                            cfjZos Nofj, k':tsfnosf] Joj:yf
                                                                                                                                        v'nf lbzfd'Qm uflj; & k'u]
                                                                                                                                        Ps/fh e08f/L÷Ko" ; ;
            o;af6 lhNnfsf] lzIffsf]                                                                                                                                                     e};s]sf] 5 . ;g\ @))* sf] cGt{/fli6o
ljsf;df yk 6]jf k'u]sf] ljBfnon]                               +
                                              gl;{ª k9\g] ;f]rsf ;fy lj1fg ;+sfo tkm{       ePsf] atfpg'eof] . …clxn] OG6/g]6                      vjfª ÷ ;g\ @)!# ;Dd                  ;/;kmfO{ lbjzsf] cj;/df ;g\ @)!#
hgfPsf] 5 . lhNnfd} klxnf] ljBfnosf]          !@ df k9\gxG5 . pFxfnfO{ klg 3/ glhs}
                                                            ''                                    ]
                                                                                            nfOj|/Lsf] nflu kxn e}/x]sf] 5 .Ú k|frfo{   Ko"7fg lhNnfnfO{ v'nf lbzfd'Qm If]q             ;Dd Ko"7fg lhNnfnfO{ v'nf lbzfd'Qm
?kdf lrlgg] o; ljBfno @))* ;fndf                                                '
                                              k9\g kfpFbf v'zL nfu]sf] atfpg'xG5 . 3/af6    v8\sfn] Ko"7fg ;dfrf/;Fu eGg'eof] .         3f]if0ff ug]{ cleofg cGt{ut & uflj;             lhNnf 3f]if0ff ug]{ sfo{qmd to ePsf]
:yfkgf ePsf] xf] . z'?sf lbgdf :ju{4f/L       ljBfno cfjthfjt ug{ ;lhnf] ePsf]              ljBfnon] egf{ z'Ns jfkt cf7 xhf/ /          v'Nnf lbzf d'Qm uflj; 3f]if0ff ePsf             lyof] . cleofgdf lhNnf l:yt ;/sf/L
SofDk; ;d]t o;} ljBfnoaf6 ;+rfng              clgtfn] atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof],…3/d}    dfl;s Ps xhf/ b'O{ ;o ?k}of lng]            5g\ . vjfª uflj;nfO{ ljlxjf/ v'nf               sfof{no;Fu} :yfgLo lgsfo, u}/ ;/sf/L
ul/Psf] hfgsf/x?sf] egfO{ 5 .                 a;]/ k9\bf lgSs} ;xh efÚ5 .Ú                  u/]sf] ljBfnon] hgfPsf] 5 .                 lbzfd'Qm If]q 3f]if0ff u/];+u} & uflj;          ;+:yfx?n] sfd ub}{ cfPsf 5g\ . g]kfn
            clxn] ljBfnodf !@ sIffdf                       o;jif{ P;=Pn=;L kf; u/]/                    o;}u/L Pp6f lgjf{rg If]qdf       v'nflbzfd'Qm ePsf x'g\ .                        ;/sf/n] ;g\ @)!& sf] cGTo;Dddf
$@ / sIff !! df $^ hgf ljBfyL{n]              pRrdflj txdf lj1fg ;+sfo /f]Hg'ePsf]          Pp6f dfq lj1fg ljifosf] k9fO{ ;+rfng                   vjfª uflj;df /x]sf] # ;o             ;/;kmfOk|lt ;a}nfO{ k"0f{ ;r]t agfO{
lj1fg ljifo lnP/ cWoog ul//x]sf               5, ljhogu/ ;fFk8fF8fsf cg'kd k'nfdLn]         ug]{ gLlt cg'?k If]q gDj/ @ df kg]{         ($ 3/w'/Ln] sRrL / & ;o @& 3/w'/Ln]             ;a}sf] cfgLafgL / Joaxf/df kl/at{g
5g\ . afof]nf]hL tkm{ sIff !@ df k9\b}                            +
                                              . pFxfsf] klg ;f]r eljiodf OlGhlgo/           afnlzIff pdflj cf]v/sf]6 dlR5df o;}         kSsL rlk{ agfPsf] tYof+s /x]sf] 5 .             ug]{ nIo lnP klg lhNnfsf] ;/;kmfOsf]
ug'{ePsf v}/f–^ sf uf]ljGb/fh cfrfo{n]        aGg] /x]sf] 5 . bfvfSjf8Lsf lw/h of]uLn]      z}lIfs zqaf6 lj1fg ;+sfodf k7g kf7g         o;cl3 lhNnfsf] /hjf/f, :ju{4f/L,                cj:yfnfO{ x]bf{ k|efjsf/L gb]lvPsf]
3/af6} cfpg]hfg] u/L k9fO{nfO{ lg/Gt/tf       gofF k|ljlwaf/] hfGgsf] nflu cfkm'n] lj1fg    z'? ePsf] 5 . xfn ljBfnodf #^ hgf           ln3f, sf] l rjfª, x+ ; k' / , w/dkfgL           hfgsf/x? atfFp5g\ .
lbg'ePsf] 5 . lhNnfd} k9\g kfpFbf                        ]             '
                                              ;+sfo /f]hsf] atfpg'xG5 . pFxfn] eGg'eof],    ljBfyL{ lj1fg ;+sfodf egf{ ePsf 5g\         uflj;nfO{ v'Nnf lbzfd'Qm uflj; 3f]if0ff                    Ko"7fg lhNnfdf klg ;/sf/sf]
cfrfo{ n ] cfkm" n fO{ ;lhnf] ePsf]           …;fOG; jfO{8 ;Ah]S6 xf], o;df sfd             . h;df @^ 5fq / !) 5fqf /x]sf] /            ul/Psf] lyof] . lhNnfsf] tYof+s cg';f/          nIoeGbf cufa} ;g\ @)!# sf] cGTo
atfpg'eof] . k9fO{ u'0f:t/jf/] pFxfn]         ug{ ;s] cj;/ k|z:t 5g\ .Ú pFxfn] /fli6«o      ljxfgL ;dodf sIff ;+rfng ul/Psf]            lhNnfdf ^% k| l tzt rlk{ lgdf0f{                                  af“sL ^ k]hdf ====
eGg'eof] …lhNnf aflx/ k9\g' / oxL             dfq geP/ cGt{/fli6«o :t/;Dd k|lt:kwf{         ljBfnon] hgfPsf] 5 . lgDg cfo:t/
k9\g'df vf;} km/s 5}g\ .Ú
            ufFp ufFpdf lj1fg lzIfssf]
                                              ug{ ;lsg] ljZjf; JoQm ug'eof] .
                                                           ljBfnosf k|frfo{ 6+s axfb'/
                                              v8\sfn] ljBfnosf] kxndf Jojl:yt
                                                                              {             ePsf @% k| l tzt ljBfyL{ n ] lj1fg
                                                                                            ;+sfodf k9\g] u/]sf] k|frfo{ lji0f'k|;fb
                                                                                            zdf{n] bfjL ug'{eof] .
                                                                                                                                        tL; xhf/sf] cIfo sf]if :yfkgf
cefj, lj1fg z+sfo k9]kl5 dflysf]                                                                                                                               ;_÷If]
                                                                                                                                                   ljh'jf/-Ko";;_÷ q ljsf; dfWoflds ljBfno ljh'jf/ k"0ovf]nfsf]
lzIffsf nflu h'g;'s} ljifo k9\g kfOg          ?kdf sIff ;+rfng ub} cfPsf] atfpg'eof]                                                     %! cf}F jflif{s pT;j tyf cleefjs lbjzsf] cj;/df ljh'jf/–$ lgjf;L
ePsfn] o; tkm{ cfsif{0f a9]sf] ;xfos
k|frfo{ u'dfg/fh k'nfdLn] atfpg'eof] .
                                              . pF x fn] lhNnfdf vf] l nPsf] lj1fg
                                              ;+sfoaf6 ul/j tyf h]xGbf/ ljBfyL{x?nfO{
                                                                           ]
                                                                                                    {
                                                                                             lhk b'36gfdf                                lvdfgl;+x u'?ªn] cIfosf]if :yfkgf ug'{ePsf] 5 . cfkm\gf] sfG5f 5f]/f d]3 axfb'/
                                                                                                                                         u'?ªsf] gfddf #) xhf/ ?k}of a/fj/sf] cIfosf]if :yfkgf ug'{ePsf] xf] .

pkrf/ ug{ /sd cefj                                                                            Pssf] d[To'                                          sfo{qmddf ljBfnonfO{ dfWoflds tx ;+rfng ug{ ;xof]u ug]{
                                                                                                                                         bftfx?nfO{ bf];Nnf tyf sb/ kq ;lxt ;Ddfg ul/Psf] lyof] . ;fy} ;xof]u
                                                                                                                                         bftfsf] gfdfjnL /x]sf] lznfn]vsf] ;d]t cgfj/0f ul/Psf] 5 .sfo{qmddf
                                                                                            Kof/cnL vfg÷Ko" ; ;                          ljBfnosf k|wfgfWofks lktfDj/ v8\sfn] $^ nfv #@ xhf/ $! ?k}of cfo /
sdn lj=s=÷Ko" ; ;                             dfq ePsfn] pkrf/ vr{ h'6fpg ;d:of                        Ko" 7 fg÷ Ko" 7 fg–efn' j fª      @( nfv %^ xhf/ % ;o c7f/ ?k}of j/fj/sf] cfly{s tyf k|ult k|ltj]bg
             a' 9 frf} / ÷ $ jif{ klxn]       k/]sf] pFxfsf] >Ldfgn] atfpg'eof] .           ;8s v08 cGtu{t bfª Ko"7fgsf]                 k|:t't ug'ePsf] lyof] . ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf w|'j yfkfsf]
SofG;/ nfu]/ bflxg] v'6\6f u'dfpg'ePsL                    clxn] km]/L ToxL sfl6Psf]         l;dfgfdf kg{] r}t]df zlgjf/ lbFp;f]          cWoIftfdf sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] xf] .
vn+uf ( a'9frf}/ lgjf;L pdf s'df/L            v'6\6f dfly ufF7f] b]lvPsf] 5 . clxn]         ePsf] lhk b'3{6gfdf Ps hgfsf] 36gf
sfdLnfO{ km]/L SofG;/ ePsf] 5 . $@
jlif{ o pdfn] @)^# ;fndf e/tk' /
                                              pkrf/ ug{ hfg /sd cefj ePsf]
                                              pFxfn] atfpg'eof] . cfkm'x?nfO{ ;xfotf
                                                                                            :ynd} d[To' ePsf] 5 eg] * hgf
                                                                                            3fOt] ePsf] 5 .
                                                                                                       efn'jfªaf6 Ko"7fg cfpFb}
                                                                                                                                        klxnf] afnd}qL ljBfno 3f]if0ff
SofG;/ c:ktfndf uP/ v'6\6f sf6\g'             ug]{ sf]xL gePsf] pFxfsf >Ldfg lsd                                                                                ;_÷lhNnfd} klxnf] k6s afnsNof0f k|fylds ljBfno
                                                                                                                                                    Ko"7fg -Ko";;_÷
k/]sf] lyof] . 3/ glhs} wf/fdf kfgL eg]{      axfb'/ lj=sn] atfpg'eof] . pdfnfO{            u/]sf] n' ! h !(@& gDj/sf] lks ck                                                                        F
                                                                                                                                         l;Dn] uf]l7jfªnfO{ afnd}lq ljBfno 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] 5 . !# a'b] afnd}qL 3f]if0ff kq
qmddf n8]/ pFxfsf] v'6\6f dls{Psf]            clxn] pkrf/ g'xg] xf] sL eGg] lk/n]           lhk b'3{6gfdf Ko"7fg 9'Ë]u9Lsf lhk           hf/L ul/ ljlxjf/ afnd}qL ljBfno 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] ljBfnon] hgfPsf] 5 .
lyof] . kl5 ToxL ;d:ofn] ubf{ SofG;/          ;tfPsf] 5 . … of] /f]usf] t pkrf/ g}          dflns l6sf/fd bnf{dLsf] d[To' ePsf]                     3f]if0ff kqdf k7g kf7gnfO{ Jojl:yt agfO{g], tf]lsPsf] ljBfno
ag]sf] pFxfn] atfpg'eof] . pFxfn] eGg'eof],   x'b}g h:tf] nfUg yfNof5 .Ú pFxfn] Ko"7fg      k|x/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 .                          cfrf/ ;+lxtf kfng u/fpg], ljBfnosf] x/]s sfo{qmd ;lqmo ?kdf ;+rfng
                F
…c:ktfn lx8\bf lx8\b} v'66fdf ufF7f] eof],
                            \                 ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs ;+ u s' / fsfgLdf                        ulDe/ 3fOt] x'g]df Ko"7fg         ug{] nufot a'Fbf /x]sf 5g\ . afnd}qL 3f]if0ffn] k7gkf7gdf u'0f:tl/otf cfpg]
kl5 dfq yfxf eof] SofG;/ eP5 .Ú               eGg' e of] . /fli6« o ckf+ u ;] j f ;+ 3      afË]zfnsf cGh' kf]v|]n, a;Gtf /fjt,          cleefjsx?n] cf;f u/]sf 5g\ . o; ljBfnosf] ;]jf If]qaf6 s'g} klg afnjflnsf
             klxnf] k6s pkrf/ ug{             Ko" 7 fgsf] ;xof] u df pkrf/sf] nflu          bfvfSjf8Lsf r] t gfy of] u L, bfË            ljBfno egf{ x'gaf6 al~rt g/x]sf]n] ;d]t afnd}qL ljBfno 3f]if0ff ul/Psf]
sf]xnk'/, nvgpm, lrtjg k6s k6s                ;xof]u h'6fpg] sfo{ e}/x]sf] ePklg            nfddl6ofsf wg axfb' / k' g ,                 ljBfnosf] bfaL 5 . ljBfnonfO{ sflnsf ljsf; s]Gb| g]kfn ;]e b lrN8«]gn]
hfFbf w]/} /sd vr{ ePsf] pFxfsf >Ldfgn]       cfjZos /sd p7\g g;s]sf] pFxfn]                u+ufk/:k'/sf lutf kf}8]n /x]sf] lhNnf        ;xof]u u/]sf] 5 .              – c+ugf Pg=s]=÷k|lzIffyL{ kqsf/
atfpg'eof] . cfDbfgLsf] ?kdf k]G;g            atfpg'eof] .                                  k|x/L sfof{no Ko"7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 .
                                                                                                                                        !% cf}+ jflif{s pT;j dgfp“b}
sf]bf] dlb/f pTkfbgdf a9L k|of]u
PnjL yfkf÷Ko" ; ;
                                                                                                                                                    dlR5-Ko";;_÷ ;_÷afn lzIff pRr dfWoflds ljBfno cf]v/sf]6 dlR5n]
                                                                                                                                        cfkm\gf] %! cf}F jflif{s pT;jsf] cj;/df ljljw sfo{qmd ;+rfng u/]sf] 5 . ljBfnon]
                                                                                                                                        xflh/hjfkm, elnjn, km'6jn, sljtf k|ltof]lutf u/]sf] 5 . sfo{qmdsf] cfh j'wjf/
            Ko"7fg÷lhNnfsf ufpF ufpFdf                                                                                                  Ps sfo{qmdsf jLr ;dfkg ul/g] ljBfnon] hgfPsf] 5 . ;fy} ;f]xL cj;/df
k/Dk/fut ?kdf ul/b} cfPsf] sf]bf] v]tLsf]                                                                                               k|ltof]lutfsf ljh]tfnfO{ k'/:sf/ ;d]t k|bfg ul/g]5 .      – xl/ lj=s=÷Ko";;
;lx ;b'kof]u x'g ;s]sf] 5}g\ . dlb/f
pTkfbgdf sf]bf] al9 k|of]u x'g yfn]kl5
o;sf] b'?kof]u a9\g yfn]sf] xf] .
            :jf:Yosf nflu ;d] t
                                                                                                                                        Pr=cfO{=eL= /f]Sg nf]s uLt
                                                                                                                                                   v}/f-Ko";;_÷ Pr=cfO{=eL P8\; Go"gLs/0f / ;+qmldt k|lt :g]xefj
nfebfos vfB kbfy{sf] ?kdf dflgg]                                                                                                        /fVg] ljifodf pRr dfWoflds ljBfno :t/Lo v'Nnf nf]suLt k|ltof]lutf z'qmjf/
sf]bf] ufpF 3/df pTkfbg ;d]t sd x'Fb}                                                                                                   e'jg]Zj/L pRr dfWoflds ljBfno v}/fdf Ko"7fgdf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . k|ltof]lutfdf
uPsf] 5 . pTkfbg ePsf] sf]bf] klg                                                                                                       k|yd hgtf pdflj jfUb'nf, l4lQo e'jg]Zj/L pdflj v}/f, t[lto u+uf pdflj
vfBfGgsf] ?kdf ge} dfbs kbfy{                                                                                                           jfxfg] / ;fGtjgf uf}d'vL pdflj v'ª ePsf] 5 . k|ltof]lutfdf lhNnfsf ^ pRr
pTkfbgsf nflu k|of]u ug]{ k|rng a9\b}                                                                                                   dfljn] efu lnPsf lyP .
uPsf] 5 . ufpF 3/df a}zfv h]7df                                                                                                                    e'jg]Zj/L pdflj o"jf /]8qm; ;s{nsf] cfof]hgdf tyf lhNnf P8\;
lap 5g]{ / ;fpg ebf}df lxpFb] v]tLsf]                                                                                                   ;DjGo ;ldlt Ko"7fgsf] k|fof]hgdf sfo{qmd ul/Psf] xf] . ljhoL x'g] ljBfnonfO{ ljZj
?kdf sf]bf] nufOFb} cfPsf] 5 . clxn]                                                                                                    P8\; lbj;sf] lbg k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/g] cfof]hsn] hgfPsf] 5 . – k|sfz ;'j]bL
ls;fgx? sf]bf]afnL leq\ofpg Jo:t 5g\
. cfw'lgs v]tL k|0ffnLaf/] yfxf gx'Fbf
k/dk/fut v]tL k|0fnL emGh6Ln] ePsf]
/ pGgt hftsf] lap cefjdf ufpFaf6
                                                                                                                                        blntsf nflu sfg'gL tflnd
                                                                                                                                                   d/G7fgf-Ko" ; ;_÷ cGofodf k/]sf blnt hftLn] sfg'gL pkrf/
                                               kfs]sf] sf]bf] sf6\b} vjfªsf :yfgLo dlxnfx? – t:jL/ M os/fh e08f/L÷Ko';;
sf]bf] nf]k x'g] cj:yfdf k'u]sf] :yflgo                                                                                                 vf]Hg] lgsfoaf/] hfgsf/L u/fpg] 4]Zon] % lbg] tflnd d+unjf/ d/07fgf ^
s[ifsx?sf] egfO{ 5 .                          /x]sfn] ;d]t sf]bf]sf] ;lx ;b'kof]u x'g       cg'dfg 5 . dfbs kbfy{ pTkfbgdf              vl/jf]6df ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . g]kfn jf/ Pzf]l;ozg lhNnf zfv Ko"7fgsf]
            xfn sf]bf] v]tL lhNnfsf k'hf,     ;s]sf] 5}g\ . cGo vfBfGgsf] dlb/f eGbf        al9 hf]8 x'Fbf vfBfGg ;+s6sf] l:ytL         cfof]hgf tyf g]kfn af/ Pzf]l;o;g Gofodf kx'Fr kl/of]hgfsf] ;xof]udf blnt
lnjfª, v' ª , gf/Lsf] 6 , afF b Lsf] 6 ,      sf] b f] dlb/f /fd| f ] x' g ] pkef] u stf{   l;h{gf x'g;Sg] hfgsf/x? atfpF5g\ .          ;d'bfx?sf nflu sfg'gL ;xfotf ;DjlGw tflnd lbOPsf] xf] . tflnddf tf]/jfª /
cf]v/sf]6, afË]d/f]7, ln3f, 8fd[, vjfª,       atfpF5g\ .                                    lhNnfdf vfBfGg pTkfbgsf] d'Vo v]lt          d/G7fg uflj;sf dlxnf k'?if u/L $) hgf bflntx?sf] ;xefuLtf /xsf] lyof] .
:ofpnLjfª nufotsf @ bh{g a9L                              @ xhf/ d] l 6« s 6g sf] b f]      sf]bf];Fu} ux'F, ds} / hf}+ pTkfbgsf] $)
uflj;df ul/b} cfPsf] 5 . o; If]qdf            pTkfbg x'g] lhNnfdf kl5Nnf] ;do               k|ltzteGbf al9 dfbs kbfy{ pTkfbgdf                     åGå ;dfwfgsf pkfPx?, bflntsf xs clwsf/, dfgj clwsf/, cGofodf
clwsf+; du/ ;d'bfosf] afx'Notf al9            o;sf] pTkfbg 36\b} uPsf] s[lif ljsf;          k|of]u ul/b} cfPsf] 5 . ufpFdf :yflgo       k/]df s;/L sfg'gL pkrf/ vf]Hg] nufotsf ljifodf g]kfn jf/ Pzf]l;P;g
ePsfn] rf8kj{ tyf cGo ;dodf ;d]t              sfof{no Ko"7fgn] hgfPsf] 5 . sfof{nosf        ?kdf emf]k], 8Nn], sfnf] sf]bf], ;]tf]      Ko"7fgsf /d]z k|;fb /fhe08f/L, cf]dx/L kf]v|]n, lzj kl08t, >Ls[i0f k|kGg
sf]bf] s'FjfP/ hf8/S;L agfp+g], 3/df          cg';f/ @ ;o ! lsnf] vfBfGg eof] eg]           sf]bf] nufot ljleGg k|hftLsf sf]bf]         ;'j]bL, l8NnL/fh kl08t, dx]Gb| Gof}kfg], /fd]Zj/ ;'j]bL nufPtn] ;xhLs/0f
cfPsf] kfx'gfnfO{ o;}n] ;Tsf/ ug]{ rng        Ps AolQmnfO{ Ps jif{sf] nflu vfg k'Ug]        k/Dk/fut ?kdf ul/b} cfPsf] 5 .              ug'{ePsf] lyof] . – jf;'b]j lu/L
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                               @)^* ;fn d+l;/ !$ ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                           ^
                                                                                                              ljljw
 z}lIfs ljsf;df ;/sf/L pbflzgtf
            lxhf]dfq d Ko"7fgsf] Pp6f                      Ps t ;/sf/n] lzIfsnfO{
                                                                                                                                                 /f]u Pj+ /f]u;+u ;DjlGwt
dflj :s'ndf uPsf] lyP . :s'ndf k'Ubf
s]xL lzIfsx? :s'n kf];fsdf ljBfnodf
                                              :yfoL b/jGbL, c:yfoL b/jGbL, /fxt
                                              b/jGbL, lk;LPkm / lghL lzIfsx? ul/
                                                                                                                                                 k|f0ffod Pj+ cf;g
pkl:yt ePsf lyP . sIff * ;Dd                  ljleGg txdf ljefhg u/]/ b]z ljsf;sf]
k"0f{tof ;/sf/L /x]sf] pQm ljBfnodf           d]?b08 z}lIfs ljsf;nfO{ Vofnrf/L                                                                                                                                  cf] d xl/ e§/fO{
sfof{/t lzIfs dWo] $ hgf :yfoL lyP            u/]sf] 5 eg] csf{] tkm{ nfdf] ;dob]vL                                                                                             Pg=8L=÷jfO=8L= kt~hnL of] u ;ldlt Ko" 7 fg
. $ hgf c:yfoL b/jGbLdf, @ hgf                lzIfs ;]jf cfof]usf] kl/Iff g} glnO{
/fxt b/jGbLdf / $ hgf lghL ;f|]tdf            lzIff k] ; flt/ cfslif{ t x' g ] dfem                                                             ;j} /f]usf] pkrf/ ug]{ zlQm k|s[tLn] xfdL leq lbPsf] 5 . of]ufEof;af6 p;sf]
lyP . ufpFn] cleefjs ePsf] gftfn]             g}/fZotfsf] jftfj/0f l;h{gf u/]sf] 5 .                                                            hfu/0f u/f} . , k/d k'Ho :jfdL /fdb]j hL dxf/fh .
d}n] kf];fsk|lt ;Fs]t ub{} lsg o:tf]          )%@ ;fndf lnPsf] lzIfs ;]jf cfof]usf]                                                             != ;j} /f]udf pkof]uL k|f0ffofdx? M– dl:qsf, skfndftL, jfx|o, cg'df]n
elg k|Zg ubf{ ToxfFsf k|wfgfWofksn]           kl/Iff sl/j Ps bzskl5 )^! ;fndf                                 ls/0f yfkf                        ljnf]d, e|fd/L, pHhfO{, pbuLy, k|0fj Wofg .
;/sf/n] :yfoL lzIfsnfO{ lbPsf] ;f9]           k|sflzt ug'{, To;kl5 cfof]usf] kl/Iff                                                             @= /f]u cg';f/ cfzg M– ;jfOsn Pj+ nDj/ :kf]08f]nfO6L; Pj+ sDd/ b'vfO{ .
;ft xhf/ kf];fs eQfjf/] ;Fs]t ub{}            gv'nfpg' o;sf] k/fsfi7 pbfx/0f xf] .                      /fhlglts ljefhgn] klg                   s_ a;]/ ug]{ cf;g M– jhf;g c4{rGb|f;g pi6«f;g jqmf;g ;'Id Jofdsf ;Dk"0f{
eg], …clxn] ;/sf/n] :yfoL sd{rf/Lsf]          jNndfq @) jif{ c:yfoL k] z fdf                lzIff If]qdf k|ToIf c;/ k'¥ofPsf] 5 .               lqmof .
nfuL kf];fs eQf ljt/0f u/]sf] 5 . t/          nfu]sfx?sf nfuL k]G;gsf] Joj:yf u/]/          s'g} ljBfnodf lzIfs lgo"lQm ug'k¥of]  {             v_ l;w} ;'t]/ ug]{ cf;g M– Ps v'§fjf6 pQfgkfbf;g, ds{6f;g, kjgd'Qmf;g,
;j} lzIfssf] nfuL eg] xf]Og .Ú                s]xL /fd|f sfd u/]sf] klg 5 . t/ To:tf        s'g kfl6{sf] xf] < / To;sf] kfl6{leq slt            c4{ kjgfpQmf;g s6LpQfgf;g .
            pgsf] Tof] egfO{n] dnfO{ stf      lzIfsx? g] k fne/df hDdf ;osf]                kfj/ 5 < slt ;f];{ 5 < o:tf k|Zgx?                  u_ pN6f] ;'t]/ ug]{ cf;g M– ds/cf;g e"h+uf;g, ;Nef;g, ljkl/t gf}sf;g
stf crDd nfUof] . !$ hgf lzIfs                cf;kf; /x]sf] tYofÍ 5 .                       t]l;{/x]sf 5g . clxn] ePg eg]/ cj t                 s6L pQfgf;g .
/x]sf] :s'ndf $ hgf lzIfsn] dfq kf];fs                     lzIfsx?df ;' l jwfsf]            lhNnf lzIff sfof{nodf g} s'g} sfo{ ug'{             cy{/fO6L; -aftsf_ nflu M– dl:qsf, skfndftL, cg'nf]d ljnf]d k|f0ffod
nufPsf] s] cy{ < em08} rf/ efusf] Ps          lje]lbs/0fn] :yfoL lzIfs jfx]ssf              k/]sf] 5 eg] /fhlgtLs bnsf g]tfx?                   oyf;Dej sDd/ b'vfOsf nflu ;j} cWof; ug{ ;lsG5 . b'vfO{ j9L ePdf ;'Id
efu lzIfsn] ljBfno kf];fs nufpg]              lzIfsx?n] k7gkf7gnfO{ cj?4 u/]/               j;]/ of] kfl6{sf olt sf]6f / Tof] kfl6{sf
t/ jfFsL lzIfsn] kf];fs gklxl/bfF Tof]        cfGbf]ngdf nfUg'kg{] jfWotf l;h{gf u/]sf]     olt sf]6f eg]/ s'g kfl6{sf] jr{:j 5                 Jofod ug{ ;lsG5 .
:s'nsf] zf]ef x'G5 < To;kl5 d}n] pgnfO{       5 . lzIfsdf b]lvPsf] txut ljefhgn]            To; kfl6{sf] dfG5]nfO{ v6fOG5 . rfx] Tof]           df]6f]kgf÷yfP/fO8sf nflu cf;g M– dl:qsf, skfndftL pHhfO{ k|f0ffod
k'gM k|Zg u/] To;f] eP ;j} lzIfsnfO{          ljleGg txsf lzIfsx? cfkm\ g f]                of]Uo xf]; rfx] cof]Uo g} lsg gxf];,                         ]
                                                                                                                                                l;wf ;'t/ ug]{ cf;g kfbj[tf;g l4rlqmsf;g, pTtfgkfbf;g gf}sf;n kjge'Qmf;g
ldNg] u/]/ Ps}vfnsf] :s'n o"lgkmd{            ;3;+u7gdf / ljleGg kfl6{ut ?kdf               pbfx/0fsf] nfuL @)^* ;fnsf] hgu0fgf                 ;+vk|Iffngsf cf;g Pj+ ;'o{ gd:sf/ .
nufpg] lg0fo{ u/]/ ;j}n] nufFpbf /fd|f]       kfl6{sf] eft[ ;+37gsf] ?kdf lzIfs             ug{sf nfuL u0fsx? 5fGg] sfo{, h;n]                  dw'd]x Pj+ ;d:t k]6 /f]usf nflu, a;]/ ug]{ cf;g M– jh|f;g d08'sf;g,
x'GYof] ls < To;kl5 pgn] hjfkm lbP –          ;+37g :yfkgf ul/ cfj?4 x'g yfn]sf             ubf{ Pp6f of]Uo lzIfs Ifdtf x'bfFx'b}               zzjf;g c4{dT:o]Gb|f;g uf+v';g s'dL;g .
o;df ;j} :yfoL jfx]ssf lzIfssf]               5g\ . h;n] ubf{ k7g kf7gdf k|ToIf             /fhlglts kx'r gx'gfsf sf/0f 5fgljgjf6
                                                                                                          F                                     l;wf ;'t]/ ug]{ cf;g M– pQfgkfbf;g, kjgd'Qmf;g, gf}sf;g, ds{6f;g,
c;xdlt 5 . pxfFx?sf] egfO{ 5 ls               c;/ k'Ug uPsf] 5 .                            jlGrt x'G5 / xtf]T;flxt x'G5 . j}rfl/s              ;jf{Ëf;g, xnf;g .
;/sf/n] :yfoL jfx] s sf lzIfsnfO{                          ev{/} k|fKt tYofÍ cg';f/         dt leGgtfsf sf/0f cj;/jf6 ljd'v                     pN6f] ;'t]/ ug]{ cf;g M– ds/f;g ;Nef;g wg'/f;g, ;+vk|Iffngsf cEof;
ckx]ngf u/]sf] 5 eg] xfldn] lsg o"lgkmd{      Ko"7fg lhNnfdf dfq} em08} @@ ;o lzIfs             '
                                                                                            x'gkg{] oyfy{tf ;j{ljlbt} 5 .                       cToGt} nfebfoL x'G5g\ .
nufpg] < c? lzIfssf] s'/f Ps xb;Dd            b/jGbL vfnL /x]sf] 5 . eg] ;du| g]kfndf                   z}lIfs If]qdf ljsf;sf] r/d              Zjf;-bd_ Pj+ x[bo /f]usf nflu M– ;fdfy{cg';f/ k|f0ffod ;'Id Jofod h'g
;lx klg nfUof] . lsgsL :j+od ;/sf/n]          slt b/jGbL sf]6f vfnL xf]nfg / tL             ;Ldfdf k'u]sf /fi6«x?jf6 kf7 l;s]/                  ;lhnf] t/Lsfn] ug{ ;lsG5 . ;j} cf;g nfek|b 5\g\ .
:yfoL jfx]ssf lzIfsnfO{ ckdflgt               vfnL /x]sf b/jGbLdf kb k'lt{ ug{ g;s]         lzIfsx?nfO{ ;dfg ls;Ldsf] ;'ljwf lbg]               d[uf}nf ljsf;sf nflu M– dl:qsf, skfndftL, cg'df]n ljnf]d k|f0ffofd .
u/]sf] 5 eg] lsg ;/sf/nfO{ k|f]T;fxg          s:tf] ;d:of b]vf k5{ . Tof] hf] sf]xLn]       / ljBfno txb]vL k|fljwLs, j}1flgs /                 l;wf;'t]/ M klZrdf]Gtfgf;g, xnf;g
lbg] , o;jf6 ;/sf/n] :yfoL                    klg cfsng ug{ ;lsG5 . Psflt/ vfnL             Jofjxfl/s lzIffdf hf]8 lbg' cfhsf]                  pN6f];'t]/ M e"h]uf;g, wg'/f;g
lzIfsx?nfO{ ;'ljwf k|bfg ug{ / jfFsL          /x]sf] b/jGbL sf]6fdf lzIfsx? kbk'lt{         clgjfo{ cfjfZostf xf] . lzIff k];flt/               a;]/ M uf]d'vf;g
;j} lzIfsx? ;/sf/sf] cfvfFdf lzIfsg}          x'g g;Sg' / csf{] tkm{ j9\b} uPsf]            nfUg]x? dfem g}/fZotfsf] jftfj/0f l;h{gf            5fnf/f]u M dl:qsf, skfndftL, cg'df]n, ljnf]d k|f0ffofd,
xf]Ogg sL eGg] e|d kg{ uPsf] xf] h:tf]        hg;+ V of j[ 4 L / cJofjxfl/s /               gul/ nfdf] ;dob]vL yftL /xFb} cfPsf]                l;wf ;'t]/ M ;jf{Ëf;g, ;jf;g klZrdf]Qfgf;g
efg x'G5 . h;n] ljBfnosf] lxt /               ck| f ljlws lzIffn] ubf{ lbgsf lbg            lzIfs ;]jf cfof]usf] kl/Iff lnP/ jfFls              pN6f] ;'t]/ M e"h{uf;g
z}lIfs ljsf; eGbf klg lzIfs lzIfs             j]/f]huf/Lsf] ;d:of >[hgf ePsf] 5 .           /x]sf] b/jGbL sf]6f tTsfn km'nlkmn ug'{             gf]6 M cf;gsf nflu ;fdfGo hfgsf/L
jLr dgd'6fjsf] jftfj/0f l;h{gf ug{            h;n] lzIffdf jfwf c8\rg k'¥ofpg               h?/L b]lvG5 . cGoyf hlt gofF ;ljwfg                 – sDd/ b'vfO l:nkl8:s jfnf/f]uL cuf8L em's]/ ug]{ cfzg gug]{ .
clek|]l/t ug{ ;S5 .                           jfx]s c? s]xL ug{] xf]Og .                    jg]klg To;sf] s'g} c;/ k'Ug] 5}g .
                                                                                                                                                – ljxfg lb;f lk;fj ;f]r k5f8L of]ufEof; k|f0ffofd ug]{ .
                                              ;/sf/ hjfkmb]xL x'g] ePsfn] gful/s            z'/Iff gLltnfO{ alnof] atfpg' xf] eGb}              – ;fFem kv cf;g k|f0ffofd ubf{ ljxfg vfgf vfPsf] rf/ 306f kl5 cf;g
;xdltsf] ======                               hfu?s agfpg gful/s lzIff cfjZos               pxfFn] g]kfnsf] sfg'g ;DklQ / ts{df                 k|f0ffofd ug]{ .
x'g'kg{]Ú n]Vg] sL …cfdf / a'jf g]kfnL        /x]sf] atfpg'eof] . zflGt tkm{ pGd'v          cfwfl/t /x]sf] atfpg'eof] . pxfFn] sfg'g            – cf;g ug]{ ;dodf lj:tf/} lj:tf/} cf;Qm ;+Vof / ;do j9fpg] .
                       '
gful/s ePsf] x'gkg{Ú] n]Vg] ljifodf ;d]t      cfw' l gs /fHo lgdf{ 0 fsf r' g f} t L /      j}olQms x'g'kg{]df hf]8 lbg'eof] . hgtf             – cf;g ug]{ ;dodf s'g} efudf b'Mv si6 lk8f ePdf
ljjfb /x] s f] ;+ l jwfgljb\ bfxfnn]          ;dfwfgsf pkfox? ljifos sfo{kq                 clwsf/d' v L r] t glzn eP klg
atfpg'eof] . pxfFn] lgjfr{gdf slt pd]/                       '
                                              k|:t't ub{} k|dv k|fWofks bfxfnn] cfw'lgs     st{Jod'vL r]tgfsf] ljsf; x'g g;s]sf]                             xfd|f] g]kfnsf] ljljwtfn] ubf{   ;xof]usf nflu ;]jf ;+rfng ul/Psf]
      ]
k'usf g]kfnL gful/sn] dtbfg ug{ kfpg]         /fHo lgdf{0fsf tTjx?df kl/dfh{g ug{kg{]'      pxfFsf] egfO{ 5 . x/]s If]qdf cfGtl/s               ;+ 3 Lotfdf hfg' k/] s f] xf] g ls            xf] . oftfoft ;ldltsf e08f/Ln] o;
eGg] Joj:yfdf ;d]t bnx?ljr ;xdlt              atfpg'eof] .                                  ?kdf nf]stflGqs/0f ug{' cfjZostf                    ;dfj]lztfsf nflu . To;}n] klxrfgsf]           cl3 /f]Nkfsf] /fqL j;df ofqf ug{ afWo
x'g g;s]sf] atfpg'eof] . o;df !^                           e' l d, hgtf, ;/sf/ /            /x]sf] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . b]znfO{ g]tf,            d'4feGbf ;fdfYo{ lt/ a9L Wofg lbg'            dfl8 If]qsf nflu klg ;'ljwf x'g] atfpg'
jif{ pd]/ / !* jif{ pd]/ af/] 5nkmn           ;Dk|e'n] dfq cfw'lgs /fHo lgdf{0f aGg         ;fwf/0f g]tf geP/ /fhg]tf cfjZos                    kg]{ x'G5 . Kf|:tfljt k|b]zx?sf] ;fdfYo{sf    eof] . o; cl3 sf7df08f}+sf nflu
e}/x]sf] pxfFn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] .            g;Sg] ePsfn] b08df Psflwsf/, s/df             /x]sf] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . pxfFn] eGg'eof],         s'/f ubf{ /fHosf] k'g{;+/rgf tyf /fHo         ;b/d'sfd vn+uf / 7"nfj]zLaf6 /fqL
              ;jf{ ] R r cbfntn] clGtd        Psflwsf/, hgtfsf] jkmfbfl/tf /                …;+u7gdf /fd|f] dfG5] eGbf xfd|f] dfG5]             zlQmsf] afF8kmfF8 ;ldltsf ;efkltn]            ;]jf / bDtLaf6 lbjf j; ;]jf ;+rfng
k6s ;+ljwfg ;efsf] Dofb ^ dlxgf               cGt/fli6«o dfGotfx? canDag ug{'kg{]           /fVg] k|a[lt /x]sf] 5 .Ú                                                                          x'Fb} cfPsf] 5 .
                                                                                                                                                lbg] Pp6} hjfkm xf], hGdb} u/]sf] aRrf                    o;}jLr oftfoft oftfoftnfO{
dfq yKg ;lsg] cfb]zsf] pNn]v ub{}             pxfF n ] atfpg' e of] . ;+ q md0fsflng                    sfo{qmddf ;xefuLx?n] x/]s               o'jf hlQs} ;fdfYo{jfg x'b}g eg] k|b]z
;+ljwfgljb\ bfxfnn] bnx?df OR5f zlQm          cj:yf nDaLb} hfFbf b08lxgtf sfod              If]qdf ;+j}wflgs lgsfo u7g ul/P klg                                                               Jojl:yt agfpg b' u f{ Gof} k fg] s f]
                                                                                                                                                                                  ]
                                                                                                                                                lgwf{/0f ubf{ ljlQs} ;fdfYo{ vf]h/ kfOb}g     cWoIftfdf Joj:yfkg d'n ;ldlt u7g
ePdf tLg dlxgfd} ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{          /xg], dfgjclwsf/sf pn+3g x'g] qmd             lzIff If] q df ;/sf/n] pbfl;gtf                     . t/ hGdb} u/]sf] aRrf h:tf] xf]Og
;lsg] atfpg' e of] . bnsf g] t fx?            a9\b} hfg] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . pxfFn]         b]vfPsf]df lrGtf JoQm u/]sf lyP .                                                                 ul/Psf] 5 . h;sf] pkfWoIf v'd axfb'/
;+ljwfg ;ef eGbf al9 Joj:yflksf               b08lxgtf sfod /lx /Xof] eg]                   ;/sf/n] x/]s If]qdf s/f]8f}+ nufgL u/]              ;+3Lotf . ;+3Lotfdf hfFbf ljlQs} ;a}          k' g , ;lrj a;Gt axfb' / v8\ s f,
tkm{ Wofg lbg] / cfGtl/s slrËnsf                                                            klg lzIffsf ljifodf vf; rf;f] lbg                   k|b]zn] ef]nL b]lv g} sfd ug'{ k5{ . clg      sf]iffWoIf ltns k'g /xg'ePsf] 5 .
                                              cGt/fli6«o cbfntn] h]g]efdf jofg ug{                                                                                                            ;ldltn] le+u[–:ju{4f/L ;8s sfnf]kq]
sf/0f ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k|lqmofn] ck]Iffs[t     nufO{ c;kmn /fi6« 3f]if0ff ug{ ;Sg]           g;s]sf]df u'gf;f] JoQm u/] . ;xefuLx?n]             aRrfs} pbfx/0f lbg] xf] eg] klg hGdb}
                                                                                                                                                ;fdfYo{jfg aRrf kf] hGd] kl5 klg emg}         ug{ s f nflu ;DjlGwt lgsfodf
ultlng g;s]sf] atfpg'eof] . ;+ljwfg           vt/f /x]sf] atfpg'eof] .                      lzIffdf u' 0 f:t/l/otf / ;j{ ; ' n e                                                              Wofgfsif{0f u/fpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 .
lgdf{0fsf nflu bnx?ljr ;xdltsf]                            ;j}eGbf dflyNnf] tx /fHo         agfpgsf nflu lzIff;]jf cfof]u u7gsf]                ;fdfYo{jfg xf]nf t < To;}n] klxrfgeGbf
                                                                                                                                                ;fdfYo{nfO{ cln Wofg lbg] xf] ls .            To;}u/L eQm axfb'/ k'gsf] cWoIftfdf
ljsNk gePsf] atfpF b } ;+ l jwfgljb\          Psflwsf/ / Joj:yf cgL dfq ;/sf/               Joj:yf ;+ljwfgdf pNn]v ug{'kg{] ;'emfj                                                            g; ahf/ Joj:yfkg pk;ldlt u7g
bfxfnn] cjsf] 5 dlxgfdf ;d] t                 x'g' kg{] eP klg jt{dfg /fhgLltdf To;f]       lbPsf 5g\ . ;xefuLx?n] ;+ l jwfg                                 Kfm]/L ef]nL sDhf]/ k|b]znfO{    ul/Psf] 5 .
;+ljwfg aGg g;s]df gofF hgfb]zdf              x'g g;s]sf] pxfFsf] egfO{ 5 . ;/sf/n]         gaGg] d f lrGtf JoQm u/] s f lyP .                  ;fdfYojfg tyf s]Gb| ;/sf/n] ;xof]u
hfg'kg{] atfpg'eof] .                         sfof{Gjogsf] txdf sfd ug{' kg{] eP            hfltotfdf ;+l3otfsf] ljefhg ug{ gx'g]   F           ug]{ xf] eg] klg g]kfns} ;fdfYo{ dfly         v' n f ======
              ;+ljwfg aGg g;s]df cj s]        klg Joj:yf / sfof{Gjog b'j} e'ldsf            eGb} ;xefuLx?n] g]tfx?nfO{ ;xdlt                    klg k|Zg p7fOG5 . t/ g]kfnnfO{ g}             ;Dddf v'Nnf lbzf d'Qm lhNnf 3f]if0ff
x' G 5 < eGg] ljifodf ;xefuLx?sf]             lgjf{x ug{ vf]Hg] k|j[ltsf sf/0f cfw'lgs      sfod u/L ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf h'6\g cfu|x              ;fdfYo{jfg agfP/ k|bzsf] ;fdfYo{ vf]Hg
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lh1f;fdf ;+ljwfgljb\ bfxfnn] eGg'eof],        /fHo lgdf{0fdf afwf k'lu/x]sf] pxfFn]         u/] . sfo{qmd cfh a'wjf/ klg rNg]                   ;lsGg . To;}n] x/]s k|b]znfO{ jt{dfg          nflu ljleGg ;/;kmfO cleofg ;+rfng
…;+ l jwfg ;ef lj36g u/] / gofF               atfpg'eof] . hgtf hfu?s g'xFbf /fHo           cfof]hsn] hgfPsf] 5 .                               / elj:osf] ;fdfYo{ x] / ] / g} ;dfg           eO/x]sf 5g\ . h;sf nflu …;g\ @)!#
lgjf{rgdf gofF hgfb]zdf hfg] x'G5 .Ú          sdhf]/ aGb} uPsf] pNn]v ub{} pxfFn]                                                                                                             ;/;kmfO{ k'0f{ Ko"7fg x]/Ú …3/ 3/df rlk{
@)$& ;fnsf] ;+ljwfg k'gM Jo'ltG5 eGg]         eGg'eof], …hgtf r]tglzn eof] eg] dfq          hflto ======                                        lx;fjn] ljefhg ul/g' k5{ .                    lhNnfsf] ;fg, k'0f{ ;/;kmfO{ o'Qm Ko"7fg
e|ddf gkg{ pxfFn] cfu|x ug{'eof] .            g]t[Tj hjfkmb]xL xG5 .Ú                       cg]s :jfy{ ePsf s]xL ;ef;b\ / /fHo                  :ju{ 4 f/L ======                             xfd|f] klxrfgÚ eGg] ;r]tgfd'ns gf/f
              ljrf/ uf] i 7Lsf] cfof] h gf                 z' / Iff gLlt alnof] gx' g ' ,   k'g{;+/rgf ;ldlt ;a}n] cf}nf 78\ofO{                lab]zaf6 b}lgs # ;o eGbf lty{ofqLx?           to u/LPsf] 5 .
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    ]                                         zlQmdf Psflwsf/ gx'g', lx+;f d'ns             /x]sf 5g\ . o:tf] r'gf}tL g} r'gf}tLn]              cfpg] ub{5g\ .                                /fli6« o ======
u/]sf] xf] . ;+:yfsf af/]df hfgsf/L u/fFpb}   /fhgLlt, s/sf] bfo/f km/flsnf] gx'g'n]        3]l/Psf] cfof]un] clxn] hlt klg b]lvPsf                         :yfgLo jf;Lsf] dfun] j[xt
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                          '                   cfw'lgs /fHo lgdf{0fdf afwf k'¥ofPsf]         ;d:of ;dfwfg unf{ / ;a}sf] lrQ                      e]nf u/]/ j; ;]jf ;+rfngdf Nofpg]             GofofwLzx? bfdf] b /k| ; fb zdf{ ,
bfxfnn] gful/s hfu?s ePdf dfq                 pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . /fHosf] klxnf] bfloTj     a'emfpg ;Snf < lgSs} 7"nf] k|Zg 5 .                 lg0f{ o ul/Psf] ;ldltsf lx/fd0fL              /fds'df/k|;fb ;fx, sNof0f >]i7 / k|]d
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                                                Youth Media Development                                Print
                                                                                                  Bijuwar, Pyuthan
                                                                                                                                                 Ko"7fg Pkm=Pd= (@ d]ufxh{df ;"rgf, 1fgj4{s /
                                                      Center, Nepal
  (*$&*@)#!(, (*$&*&&&#)                        Ph. : 9847839009, 9847877730                    Phone : 086-460464                               dgf]/~hgfTds sfo{qmdx? ;'Gg ge"nf}+ .
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                              @)^* ;fn d+l;/ !$ ut] a'wjf/                                                                                                          &

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kf/]/ r]tgf, cg'el" t / dgf]efjgfdf c;/      ;d]t 36\g] u/]s]f kfO{G5 .
NofO{lbg] cf}ifwL jf kbfy{nfO{ nfu' kbfy{               nfu' kbfy{sf] k|of]u ub}{ hfFbf                                                                                                                /fdk|;fb kf]v|]n
elgG5 . o:tf] kbfy{sf] ;]jg u/]kl5           zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s / dgf]a}1flgs ?kn]                                                                      s'/f ev{/sf] xf] . 708Lsf] df};d, ;fFemsf] ;do d cu]gfsf] 5]j}df a;]/
dflg;sf] ;Demg], j'emg] / ;f]Rg] Ifdtfdf     Tolx nfu" kbfy{d} lge{/ eP/ nt nfUg]                                                      vfhf vfFb} lyPF df]jfOndf 306L aHof] . x]nf] sxfFaf6 sf] af]Ng' ef] < d s] d
leGgtf cfp5 . ;fy} nfu' kbfy{ eGgfn]         cj:yfnfO{ nfu" kbfy{ b'Jo{;g elgG5 .                                                      ufpFaf6 ltd|f] bfO . sf] bfO d}n] lrlgg lg Û 5\of s:tf] glr]sf] u}/af/L=========. P
cf}iflwsf] ?kdf k|of]u ul/g] kbfy{x? tyf     o:tf] cj:yfdf nfu" kbfy{ k|of]u ug{                                                       lrg] lrg] bz{g bfhL . bz{g efO{ bz{g . 3/lt/ cfgGb} x'g'x'G5 < cF cfgGb} 5f}+ .
cGo k|of]hgdf cfpg] t/ gzfn' kbfy{x?         gkfPdf c;lhnf] x'g], 56\kl6 a9\g] h:tf                                                    ltd|f] 3/lt/ klg cfgGb} xf]nf . xh'/ cfgGb} 5 . cfh s] sfdn] kmf]g ug'{ efgL <
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                                             cg]sf} nIf0fx? b]vf kl/ zfl/l/s /                         ;Gb] z cfrfo{                   ug'{kg]{ lyof] . cfh /flt olx d]/f] 3/df a:g] ul/ cfp eGgsf] nflu kmf]g u/]sf] .
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ufFhf, ljo/, nfu" cf}ifwLx? -vf]sLsf]        kbfy{ ;]jg ug]{ JolQmn] nfu" kbfy{ k|fKt      gofFgofF s'/fx?k|lt a9L pT;'stf eP/,        cfPsf cfO{ 5g . s;nfO{ lbg], d a8f] cK7\of/fdf kl//f5' ltdL ;Fu ;/;Nnfx
l;/k_, x]/f]Og, dlk{mg, clkmd, a|fpg ;'u/,   ug{sf] nflu h] h:tf sfd ug{ klg tof/          km"tL{nf] aGg] cfzfdf, zf/Ll/s Ifdtf        gu/L d}n] s]lx lg0f{o ug{ ;lSbg To;}n] ltdL clxn] lx8 cfh d]/} 3/df a:g]
sf]l8g / x\of;L;\ cfbL .                     x'G5 . eg] o;sf] k|To]If al9 l;sf/            a9fpg] em'7f] cfzfdf, cfkm\gf ;fyL          ul/cfpm To;f] eP n d lx8]F n jfO{ c? s'/f e]6df .
             dlg;x? ls;f]/ cj:yf;u}          a]/f]huf/ o'jfx? g} ePsf] kfO{G5 .            efO{x?sf] cuf8L cfkm"nfO{ 7"nf] egfpg]                    ufpFdf a;]kl5 o:t} t xf] slxn] s;sfF slxn] s;sfF . cfpg] ;dosf]
p;df ljleGg lh1f;f / l;Sg] s'/f                         ;fdfGotof o'jfx? nfu' kbfy{        cfzfdf, ;fdflhs ÷ wfld{s ÷ ;f+:s[lts        7]ufg klg 5}g hfg] ;dosf] 7]ufg klg 5}g . cfh d ufpFlt/ a:5' vfgf dnfO{
gf}nf] x'Fb}g eg] ha p o'jf c;:yfdf          ;]jg km:g'sf y'k|} sf/0fx? dWo] k|d'v         sf/0faf6, cfkm'nfO{ zx/L o'jfsf] ?kdf       gagfpg' eGb} Pp6f lknlkn] xft nfO{6 xftdf lnP/ ufpFlt/ psflnP . sl/j cfwf
k|a]z ug{ k'U5 / p;n] cfkm'nfO{ kl/kSs       sf/0fsf] ?kdf a]/f]huf/L nfO{ lng             k|:t't ug{, lk8f bfoLs cg"el" tx? n'sfpg,                                                                   '
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7fGg] u/]s]f kfO{G5 . h'g ;dodf y'k|}        ;lsG5 h;n] ubf{ pgLx?df lg/fzf                cleefjsx?sf] ;+/IfsTj / lgb{zgsf]   ]                 F
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o'jfx? ;fGotof !^ aif{sf] k|a]z ;u}          5fpg], cfkm'n] cfh{g u/]sf] l8u|LnfO{         cefa, ;fyL ;+uLsf] bjfj / cfFl6nf]          c+sn elgg\ . efph'n] lrof agfpg'eof] . rf/} hgfn] cu]gfsf] tftf] tfk lnb} lrof
p;s]f ;fyL ;+ut a9\g' :jfefljs} xG5          lwsfg]{ ub{5g\ h;sf sf/0f plgx? nfu'          x' g sf nflu / nfu' kbfy{ ;DalGw                                                                                       '
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eg] s'g ;fyL ;lx / s'g ;fyL unt              kbfy{sf] ;]jgdf ;lhn} km:g] ub{5g,            lh1f;fsf] sf/0f o'jfx? nfu' kbfy{df         dfq kl/jf/ ^ . d]/f] pkl:ytLn] ;j}hgf xlif{t b]lvGy] . …efu vfg]nfO{ eGbf k'/f
eGg] s'/fsf] klxrfg ;d]t ug{ g;Sbf           ;fy} dfgl;s tgfjaf6 d'Qm kfpg]                ;]jgdf km;]sf kfO{G5 .                      vfg]nfO{ xtf/Ú eg]h:t} d}n] ljjfxsf] af/]df d'v vf]n] . d+l;/sf] dlxgf ufpFsf
xfld tkfO{s} 3/ cfugsf yk|} >[hgl;n          cfzfdf -h:t} M k|]daf6 wf]sf kfPsf]                        h;n] ubf{ o'jfx?df sfd         s]6fs]6Lsf] wdfwd ljx] eO/x]sf] 5 . xfd|L 5f]/LnfO{ klg w]/} 7fpFaf6 dfUg cfPsf
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nDsfO{ /x]sf] kfO{G5 / h;n] xfd|f]           sf/0f_, To:t} Joj;foLs lj1fkgx?sf]            tyf ;fyLx?sf] ;Ddfg tyf dfofaf6                                                                                     }
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t k5{g} h;n] ubf{ ;dfhdf ljleGg              JolQmTj jf l;g]dfsf] lx/f], lx/f]Ogx?,        tyf efjgfTds c;/ kg] { , uDeL/              s]6fs]6L cfk;df s'/fsfgL u/]/ cfkm\gf] nIo ldNg] s]6f s]6Lx?n] cfkm} ljx] ug]{ rng
las[lt lj;+ult, cfk;L c;embfl/, rf]/L,       ufos, uflosf cflbn] k|of]u u/]sf] b]v/,   ]   ck/fwx?df ;+nUg x'g ;Sg], ljBfno            cfPsf] 5 lg . eGg gkfpFb} efph'n] eGg' eof] cfkm} u/ eGg] xf] eg] lxhf]cfh eft
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ljBfnodf Joj:yfkg ;ldlt u7g                                                                ;Lkdf sdL x'g], efjgfTds ?kdf a]nf
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ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldlt u7g ulPsf] 5 . gj ul7t ;ldltsf] cWoIftfdf xL/f                       efjgfx? knfpg], k};fsf] nflu of}g               '
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lu/L, ;b:o ;lrj lji0f' k|;fb kf]v|]n /xg'ePsf] 5 .                                                                                                   5f]/L Û a'jf cfdfn] 5f]/Lsf] ljx] ul/lbg] s'/f ug'xG5 ltdLn] s] eG5\of} < a'jf
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         To:t} /]zd jxfb'/ /f]sfsf] cWoIftfdf !! ;b:oLo lzIfs cleefjs                      ;+j]udf cfO{xfNg] tyf a]nf a]nfdf                                                              F
                                                                                                                                       < a'jf cfdf Oi6 ldqn] ul/lbg] xf] < d}n] s;};u cfkm} ljx] ulb{g, tkfOx?n] / :jo+d d}n]
;+3, j;Gtf lu/Lsf] cWoIftfdf ;ft ;b:oLo jfn ljsf; ;ldtL u7g ul/Psf]                        cfj]udf cfpg ;Sg] ;Defjgf x'g' sf           pko'Qm 7x/fPsf] s]6f;Fu dfq ljx] ug]{ xf] To;sf] jf/]df of]hgf agfPdf l7s} xf]nf . To;f]
ljBfnon] hgfPsf] 5 . :yfgLo jof]j[4 lnnfw/ kf]v|]nsf] cWoIftfdf pQm ;ldt                   ;fy} Pr=cfO{=le=÷P8\;sf] bndf ;d]t          eP s:tf] s]6f vf]hf}+ t < d}n] ;f]w] < ljr}df efph'n] ;f]Wg yfNg'ef] . cfkm\gf] 3/ jf/Lkf/L,
u7g ul/Psf] xf] . – r'dfg ;'gf/÷Ko";;                                                      km:g ;Sg] ;Defjgf k|an /xg] x'G5 .                                                           {
                                                                                                                                       gfngftf, Oi6ldq hxfF ljx] ubf{ xf8 gftf kb}g lt s]6fx?sf] gfd lnb}=+ ===;+u u/f}+ <=====;+u
                                                                                                        To;}n] xfld h:tf o'jfx? nfu'   u/f}+ < eGg yfNg' eof] . 5f]/Ln] ===;+u o;sf/0fn] gfO{====;+u===== sf/0fn] gfO{ eGb} uO{g .
  '          '
æ;dgÆ / æcf“zsf] bf]efgÆ ljdf]rg                                                           kbfy{sf] bnbnaf6 6f9} /lx ;lx ;fyLsf]
                                                                                           klxrfg ub}{ ;+utdf lg/Gt/tf lbg'
                                                                                                                                       efph'n] b]vfpg] s]6f ;lsP t/ 5f]/Ln] s;}nfO{ klg l:jsf/ ul/gg\ . clg d}n] hflu/
                                                                                                                                       k]zf;Fu ;fOgf] uf;]sf s]6fx?;Fu ljx] ug]{ ljifodf s] elG5g eg]/ ljrf/ a'em\g yfn] .
                        ;_÷lhNnfsf] klxnf] ;flxToLs klqsf …;'dgÚ / …cfFz'sf]
          ljh'jf/-Ko";;_÷                                                                                                              pgsf] ljrf/ ;+jfbsf] ?kdf o:tf] kfOof] .
bf]efgÚ syf ;+u|x ljdf]rg ul/Psf] 5 . ;flxTo kl/ifb\ Ko"7fgsf] cfof]hgfdf                  cfjZos 5 . nfu' kbfy{sf] ;]jgaf6            c+snM 5f]/L ltdLn] k|x/L;Fu ljx] u5\of} <
ljlxjf/ ljh'jf/df ePsf] Ps sfo{qmddf k':ts ljdf]rg ul/Psf] xf] .                           wgsf] Iflt ;Fu;+u} dfg k|lti7fdf ;d]t                     5f]/LM gfO{ d}n] k|x/L ;Fu ljx] ulb{g, logLx?n] ck/fwLx?nfO{ kqmg
          …cfFz'sf] bf]efgÚ Ko"7fgL ;flxTosf/ e]ifdfg lu/L4f/f lnlvt syf ;+u|x             c;/ kg'{ t 5b} 5, cfˆgf] lhjgsf]            ;Sb}gg\ . klqmxfn] eg] klg sfjf{xL ug{ ;Sb}gg To;}n] d}n] ulb{g .
xf] . sfo{qmddf ;flxTo kl/ifb\ Ko"7fgsf cWoIf u]x/fh yfkfsf] cWoIftf tyf                   pa{/ ;do ;d]t v]/ hfg] ePsf] x'Fbf          c+snM ;]gf ;+u ljx] u5\of} t <
;dfh;]jL 8f=n]v/fh ;'j]bLsf] k|d'v cfltYotf /x]sf] lyof] . – dx]z yfkf                     o; o'jf pd]/sf] pa{/ ;do nfO{ dnhn          5f]/LM x'Fb}g, d ;]gf;Fu klg ljx] ulb{g . lsgsL logLx?n] l;dfgfdf /x]sf :tDex?
                                                                                           ub}{ lhjg pkof]lu If]qdf k|of]u ug'{        x/fpfbf / 7fpF7fpFsf l;dfgf ldlrbf jf:tf ub}{gg To;}n] d}n] dflGbg .
                                                                                                                                       c+snM gfgL Û p;f] eP Jofkf/L ;Fu ljx] u5\of} t <
    o; ;fKtflxsdf k|sflzt s'g} klg ;fdfu|L jf                                              kb{5 . nfu' kbfy{ ;]jgaf6 ;w} ;w}
                                                                                           6f9f eP/ nfu' kbfy{df km;]sf o'jfx/nfO{     5f]/LM gfO{ Û b]Vg' ePg vfB a:t'df cvfB a:t' ld;fP/ hgtfsf] :jf:Yodf slt
                                                                                                                                       v]njf8 u5{g < cem s[ltd cefj u/]/ hgtfsf] 9f8 d:sfPsf] yfxf 5}g
    ;d;fdlos ljifo k|lt tkfO{sf s'g} l6Kk0fL 5g\                                           ;r]t agfO{ xfd|f] ;dh nfu' kbfy{ d'tm       tkfOnfO{ pgLx? ;Fu d]/f] ljx] x'Fb}g .
                                                                                           ;dfh agfpg' cfhsf] 68\ s f/f]
         eg] xfdLnfO{ n]lv k7fpg'xf];\ .                                                   cfjZostf b]lvG5 .
                                                                                                                                       c+snM lghfdlt sd{rf/L ;+u u5\of} t <
                                                                                                                                       5f]/LM ulb{g, pgLx?n] hgtfsf] sfd ubf{ l;w} 3'if dfU5g, cfh x'g] sfd x'Fb}g
                                                                                                                                       eG5g cem eG;f/ lt/sf sd{rf/Ln] t ljb]zLn] NofPsf ;fdfg ;d]t n'sfO
     /fzg ;DjlGw l;njGbL b/efp kq cfJxfgsf] ;"rgf                                                                                      lbG5 . ulb{g d}n] To:tf ;Fu ljx] .
                                                                                                                                       c+snM 8fS6/ ;Fu u5\of} t <
                                                                                                                                       5f]/LM k]zf hg;]jL eP/ s] ug'{ Û k};f sdfpg] bfp . unfdf vl6/f] cfPdf
;" r gf k| s flzt ldlt M @)^*÷)*÷!!                                                                                                    kf7]3/sf] ck|]zg ug]{ j]xf];L ;Fu d}n] ljx] ulb{g .
            Ko"7fg c:ktfn, ljh'jf/ Ko"7fgsf] OG8f]/ zfvfdf egf{ eO{ pkrf/ u/fpg] la/fdLx?sf] nflu ldlt @)^* df3 !                      c+snM kfOn6 ;Fu u/f} ltd|f] ljx] <
ut]af6 @)^( kf}if d;fGt ;Dd lgMz'Ns /fzg Joj:yf ug'{kg]{ eO{ /fzg ;DjGwL ;fdfgx? 7]Ssfk§f aGbf]a:t u/L ;KnfO{                          5f]/LM hxfh hxfkfof] ToxL 7f]SofO{ cgfjZos b'3{6gf lgDTofpg], hxfhdf d';fn]
ug'{kg]{ ePsf]n] OR5's JolQm -g]kfnL gful/s dfq_ ÷kmd{x?n] tklzndf pNn]lvt zt{x? kfngf ug]{ u/fpg] u/L g]kfnL                          cft+s dRrfpFbf Vofn gug]{ ;Fu d}n] ulb{g .
gful/stf k|df0f kq, gljs/0f ;lxtsf] Ohfht kq, Eof6 btf{ k|df0fkq, @)^&÷^* ;Ddsf] s/ r'Qmfsf] k|df0fkq kqx?sf]                          c+snM lzIfs ;+u u5\of} t <
k|dfl0ft sfuhftx? ;dfj]z u/L ? % sf] l6s6 6f;L of] ;"rgf k|sflzt ePsf] ldltn] !% lbgleq lznaGbL b/efpkq o;                             5f]/LM cfkm' hn]/ c?nfO{ k|sfz lbg] k]zfug]{ lzIfs t l7s} xf] t/ /fhgLlts kf6L{sf]
sfof{nodf k]z ug'{ x'g\ cfJxfg ul/Psf] 5 .                                                                                                                           \
                                                                                                                                       emf]nf af]Sg] / em08f cf]9g] kg{ ;S5g To;}n] lzIfs ;Fu klg ljx] ulb{g .
tklzn                                                                                                                                  c+snM To;f] eP ltdL sf] ;Fu ljx] u5\of} t < /fh]z xdfn;Fu u/ n .
!= b/efpkq bftfn] b/efpkq of] ;"rgf k|sflzt ePsf] ldltn] !% cf}F lbg ;Dd o; sfof{noaf6 /sd kl5 lkmtf{ gx'g] u/L                        5f]/LM c+sn klg p;sf] t jf}nfgL;Fu nj k¥of5 .
? #)). -tLg ;o_ a'emfO{ vl/b ug{ ;lsg]5, !^ cf}F lbgsf] !@M)) jh] ;Dd b/ /]6 e/L b/efpkqsf ;fy tf]lsPsf k|dfl0ft                       c+snM g]tf;Fu ljx] u5f}{ < dfcf]jfbL g]tf;Fu ljx] u/ .
sfuhftx? lznaGbL ;lxt o;} sfof{nodf k]z ul/;Sg'kg]{5 .                                                                                 5f]/LM gfO{ cfkm" af]n]sf] s'/f km]/L /xG5g .. cem Ps yl/n] l7s eG5 csf]{ y/Ln]
@= b/efpkqx? !% cf}F lbgsf] sfof{no ;do leq vl/b u/L !^ cf}F lbgsf] !@M)) ah]leqdf sfof{nodf bflvnf ul/;Sg'kg]{ 5 .                    lj/f]w u5{ cem pgLx?;Fu ljx] ulb{g .
                                                                                                                                       c+snM p;f] eP 5f]/L Û g]kfnL sf+u|];sf g]tf;Fu u/ x'Gg <
#=bflvnf ePsf b/efpkqx? !^ cf}F lbgsf] @M)) jh] o; sfof{nodf lznaGbL b/efpkqbftf jf lghsf] k|ltlgwL /                                  5f]/LM g]tfsf] s'/} a'lemb}g, cem ;w}e/L xf/sf] /fhlgtL ug],{ k|hftGqsf] ehg u/]klg
sfof{nosf k|ltlgwLsf] /f]xj/df vf]lng] 5, l;naGbL b/efpkqbftf jf lghsf] k|ltlgwL pkl:yt gePtfklg b/efpkq vf]Ng                                                               {
                                                                                                                                       k|hftflGqs lj?jfnfO{ slxn] x'sg lbg] xf]Og To;}n] d sf+u;L g]tf;Fu ljx] ulb{g .
                                                                                                                                                                                                            ]|
s'g} afwf kg]{ 5}g .                                                                                                                   c+snM 5f]/L ltdL Pdfn] g]tf;Fu ljx] u5\of} t <
$= b/efpkq bflvnf ug]{ Pj+ vf]Ng] lbg labfkg{ uPdf ;f] sfo{ labfsf] nuQ} sfof{no v'n]sf] lbgdf x'g] 5 .                                5f]/LM ltdLn] s;}nfO{ klg dg k/fPgf}+ dw]zL g]tf;Fu u/ x'Gg <
%= b/efpkqdf sfof{no k|d'vsf] b:tvt / 5fk ePsf] x'g' kg]{ 5 .                                                                          5f]/LM x'Gg c+sn x'Gg pgLx?n] t l;+uf] d'n's b]Vg} ;Sb}gg\ . l5d]sLsf] enf]
^= b/efpkq bftfn] saf]n u/]sf] c+ssf] @=% k|ltztn] x'g] /sd o; sfof{nosf] g]=a}=ln=Ko"7fg vn+uf zfvfdf /x]sf] vftf g+                  lrtfp5g To;}n] d pgLx?;Fu t ljx] ub}{ ulb{g .
#!% v # w/f}6L vftfdf hDdf u/]sf] ;Ssn a}+s ef}r/ jf dfGotf k|fKt a}+s ef}r/ jf dfGotf k|fKt a}+sx?af6 o; sfof{nosf]                   c+snM p;f] eP ltdL sf] ;Fu ljx] u5f}{ t <
gfddf hf/L ePsf] !@) lbg Dofb ePsf] la8a08sf] ;Ssn} sfuhft k]z ug'{ kg]{5 .                                                            5f]/LM d ls;fg ;Fu ljx] u5'{ . ls;fg :jfjnDjL x'G5 ldlxg]tL x'G5 . e|i6frf/
&= 36L jf j9L b/sf] b/efpkqnfO{ :jLs[t ug]{ jf gug]{ ;Dk"0f{ clwsf/ o; sfof{nodf ;'/lIft /xg] 5 .                                      ub}{g OdfGbf/ x'G5 . s'/f ubf{ ubf{ /ft l5KkL;s]5 vfgf lr;f] eP5 . efph'n]
*= b/efpkqdf Eof6 afx]ssf b//]6 pNn]v ug'kg]5, k|lt OsfO{ b//]6 ;kmf, :ki6 / s]/d]6 gePsf] tyf c+s / cIf/df n]vsf]
                                              { {                                                                     ]                vfgf vfg xtf/ eof] eGg' eof] ;j}n] vfgf vfg yfNof} . c:t'
    ' {
x'gkg]5, ;fy} s]/d]6 ePsf] 7fpFdf ;lx5fk ug'kg]{ 5 . b//]6 c+s / cIf/df km/s kg{ uPdf cIf/nfO{ dfGotf lbOg]5 .
(= Dofb gf3L cfPsf] Pj+ l/t gk'u]sf] jf lznaGbL eO{ gcfPsf] jf b/efpkqbftfn] cfkm\gf] ;t{ /fvL k]z ePsf b/efpkqx?
dfly s'g} sf/jfxL ul/g] 5}g\ .
                                                                                                                                                               hfgL /fv] /fd|f]
!)= Ps JolQm jf kmd{ jf ;+:yfsf] gfdaf6 vl/b u/]sf] b/efpkq csf]{ JolQm, kmd{ jf ;+:yfsf] gfdaf6 bflvnf ug{ kfOg] 5}g .                ;]jf s]Gb| s] xf] < oxfF s] s] ;]jf k|fKt ug{ ;lsG5 <
!!= b/efpkq bftfn] b/efpkq btf{ ubf{ vfd aflx/ /fzgsf] lznaGbL b/efpkq egL :ki6;Fu pNn]v ug'{kg]{5 .                                   ;]jf s]Gb| M ;/sf/n] :yfkgf u/]sf] 3/]n' lx+;fjf6 kLl8tx?sf] nflu cKnsflng
!@= b/efpkq :jLs[t ePsf] hfgsf/L k|fKt epsf] ;ft lbgleq JolQm, kmd{ jf ;+:yfsf] k|f]=:jo+ pkl:yt eO{ ;Demf}tf                          cf>o:yn xf] .
ug'{kg]{5, ;Demf}tf ug{ cfpbf cfkm'n] saf]n u/]sf] c+ssf] % k|ltztn] x'g] /sd pNn]lvt w/f}6L vftfdf hDdf u/]sf] ;Ssn                   :jLs[lt lnO{ s'g} ;+:yfn] ;]jf s]Gb|sf] :yfkgf / ;~rfng ug{ ;Sb5g\ .
a}+s ef}r/ jf dfGotf k|fKt afl0fHo a}+saf6 o; sfof{nosf] gfddf hf/L ePsf] !% dlxgf cjlw ePsf] sfo{ ;Dkfbg                              k| f Kt ug{ ;Sg] ;' l jwfx?
hdfgtkq k]z ug'{kg]{5 .                                                                                                                – sfg'gL ;xfotf
!#= o; jfx]s cGo s'/f a'em\g k/]df sfof{no ;dodf sfof{nodf ;Dks{ /fVg' x'g\ ;fy} s'g} s'/f pNn]v ug{ 5'6 ePsf] eP                      – dgf]ljdz{ ;]jf / dgf]a}1flgs ;]jf,
k|rlnt P]g lgodofg';f/ x'g]5 .                                                                                                         – cfly{s ;xfotf -k'gld{ng / k'g:yf{kgfsf] nflu_
                                                                                                                                       kLl8tnfO{ k| b fg ul/g] ;] j f / ;' l jwf
!$= ;"rgfdf pNn]v gePsf cGo s'/fx? ;fj{hlgs vl/b P]g @)^# tyf lgodfjnLdf Joj:yf eP adf]lhd x'g] 5 .                                    – kLl8tsf] ;'/Iffsf] nflu cbfntn] cGtl/d ;+/If0ffTds cfb]z hf/L ug{ ;Sg] .
                                                                                                                '
                                                                                                 lg= sfof{no k|dv                      – lk8saf6 Ifltk"lt{ k|fKt ug{ ;Sg] .
                                                                                                                                       – kLl8tnfO{ ;]jf s]Gb|df a:g] ;'ljwf k|fKt ug{ ;Sg] .
                                                                                           Ko"7fg c:ktfn, Ko"7fg                       k| f of] h s M UNFPA dlxnf tyf jfnjflnsf sfof{ n o Ko" 7 fg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Ko"=lh=sf=b=g+= )#÷)%(÷^)
  Ko"7fg ;dfrf/ ;fKtflxs                                                                             @)^* ;fn d+l;/ !$ ut] a'wjf/                                                                              Ko"=lh=x'=sf=b=g+= )!÷)^^÷^&                *
                                                                                                                                                                   :jR5 / Joj;flos kqsfl/tfsf] alnof] cfwf/
  cfjlws of]hgf cg';f/ ljsf;sf sfo{qmd
k| H jn kxf8L÷Ko" ; ;                         hf]8 lbPsf] lyP . blnt, cflbjf;L,                          lgsfo, uflj; ;lrj nufot
                                                                                                                                                                     Ko" 7 fg ;dfrf/ /fli6« o ;fKtflxs
             Ko" 7 fg÷ lhNnfdf lgdf{ 0 f      hghftL tyf nlIft ju{nfO{ 5'6\ofO{g]                        ;/f]sf/jfnfx?sf] ;xefuLtf lyof] .                                         :gfts txdf egf{ v'Nof]
;DkGg ul/Psf] cfjlws of]hgfnfO{                                         { {
                                              ah]6 ;f]xL lzif{sdf vr{ ug'kg]df uf]li7df                            sfo{qmddf lhNnf ljsf;sf
                                              ;xefuLx?n] ;/f] s f/jfnf lgsfosf]                          r'gf}lt tyf cj;/x¿, lhNnf ljsf;sf                                  Ko"7fg lhNnfs} ;j}eGbf k'/fgf] / u'0f:t/Lo lzIff k|bfg ub}{ cfPsf] o;
dWogh/ ub}{ cfufdL cfly{s jif{sf nflu                                                                                                                           :ju{4f/L ax'd'vL SofDk;df # jif]{ lj=P8, lj=P, ljljP; k|yd jif{, Ps jif]{ ljP8
k| f yldstfsf cfwf/df of] h gf tyf            Wofgfsif{0f u/fPsf lyP .                                   nflu pknAw cj;/ / ;Defjgfx¿
                                                         o;jif{bvL of]hgf 5gf}6 ubf{
                                                                ]                                        nufotsf ljifodf ;fd'lxs 5nkmn ePsf]                    / Pd=P8 k|yd jif{df wdfwd egf{ ;+rfng e} sIff ;+rfng ;d]t z'? e};s]sfn]
so{qmdx? 5gf}6 ul/g] ePsf] 5 .                                                                                                                                  OR5's ljBfyL{x?nfO{ oyfl;3| egf{ e} k7gkf7gdf ;xefuL x'g of] ;'rgf
cfjlws of]hgfdf dxTj lbOPsf] s[lif,           k|To]s uflj;df pko'Qm 5gf}6 ljlwcg';f/                     lyof] . xfn} lgdf{0f u/LPsf] cfjlws
                                                                                                                                                                k|sflzt ul/Psf] 5 .
ko{ 6 g / hnljB' t sfo{ q mdnfO{                                                                                                                                P] l R5s ljifox?M
k|fyldstfsf ;fy sfo{qmdx? to u/Lg]                                                                                                                              # jif]{ lj=P8 tkm{ M c+u|]hL, g]kfnL, ul0ft, lzIff, hg;+Vof / :jf:Yo
;f]daf/ vn+ufdf ;DkGg k'j{ of]hgf                                                                                                                                               ]|
                                                                                                                                                                lj=P tkm{ M c+uhL, g]kfnL, ul0ft, /fhlgtL zf:q, cy{zf:q, Oltxf; / u|fld0f ljsf;
th'{df uf]li7df ;xdtL ePsf] 5 .                                                                                                                                 ljljP; tkm{ M ;j} clgjfo{ ljifo
             :yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g P]g                                                                                                                              Ps jif]{ lj=P8 tkm{ M c+u|]hL, g]kfnL, ul0ft, cy{zf:q / lzIff
@)%% nfu" eP kl5 lhNnf:t/df                                                                                                                                     Pd=P8 tkm{ M z}lIfs of]hgf tyf Joj:yfkg, g]kfnL
cfjlws of]hgfsf] ;'¿jft ul/Psf] eP                                                                                                                              k'gZrM Ps jif]{ lj=P8sf] @)^* * @! ut]b]vL dx]Gb| ax'd'vL SofDk; bfªdf
tfklg Ko"7fg lhNnfdf cfjlws of]hgf                                                                                                                              kl/Iff ;+rfng x'g] Joxf]/f ;DjlGwt ljBfyL{nfO{ kmf]gdf hfgsf/L u/fPsf] / s'g}
      {
th'df ug]{ k|of; of] klxnf] k6s ul/Psf]                                                                                                                         ljBfyL{n] hfgsf/L gkfpg'ePsf] eP o;} ;'rgfnfO{ cfwf/ dfgL kl/Iffdf ;xeflu
xf] . /fli6«o nIonfO{ ;d]t Vofn /fvL                                                                                                                            e}lbg'x'g cg'/f]w 5 .
% jif{sf nflu cfjlws lhNnf ljsf;                                                                                                                                                                                    SofDk; k|d'v
of]hgf agfpg] sfo{qmd lhNnfsf k|d'v                                                                                                                                                                                         '
                                                                                                                                                                                                          :ju{åf/L ax'dvL SofDk;
If]qx¿sf] pknlAw, s]Gb|af6 lhNnf                                                 {
                                              of]hgf 5gf}6 u/L sfof{Gjog ug]tkm{ ;j}n]                   of]hgfdf æpRrd"NosfjfnL tyf ko{6g                                                                     k'0ovf]nf ljh'jf/, Ko"7fg
ljsf;sf] nflu k|fKt cg'bfg tyf lhNnf          hf]8 lbg'kg]{ wf/0ff /fvLPsf] lyof] . ljutsf               k|j4{g Ko"7fgL hgtfsf] hLjgdf u'0ffTds
leqsf ;| f ] t ;fwgx?sf] clwstd
dfqfdf kl/rfng u/L lhNnf ljsf;sf
                                              jif{x?df of]hgf sfof{Gjog / nlIft ju{df
                                              k'¥ofpg ;d:of k/]sf] eGb} o:tf] ljwL
                                                                                                         kl/jt{gÆ eGg] ;Gb]z agfOPsf] 5 .
                                                                                                         sfo{qmddf :yfgLo ljsf; clwsf/L lji0f'
                                                                                                                                                                       ufl8 l/h{j, kmlg{r/ / :6]zg/L ;]jf
sfo{ q mdx?nfO{ qmlds?kdf cufl8               k|of]u ug{ nfluPsf] xf] . k|To]s uflj;df                             ]|
                                                                                                         k|;fb kf]vn, ;fdflhs ljsf; clws[t rGb|                          ljjfx, lkslgs, e|d0f nufotsf nflu cTofw'lgs ;'ljwfo'Qm 6f6f
j9fpb} hg cfGbf]ng @)^@÷^# n]                 of]hgf 5gf}6 ljwLaf6 of]hgf 5flgg] sfo{sf]                 axfb'/ lh=;L, ;'rgf clws[t nId0f cfrfo{                ;f]d' pknAw 5 . xfdLsxf“ c8{/ adf]lhd sf7af6 lgld{t ;f]kmf;]6, kn·,
NofPsf] kl/jt{gsf d"ndd{ / efjgfsf            yfngL x'g] ePsf] 5 .                                                              {
                                                                                                         nufotn] ;xlhs/0f ug'ePsf] lyof] .                      ;f]s];, s';L{, :6'n, afs;, rf}s;, kmn]ssf ;fy} 8]«l;·, 6]a'n, b/fh, l6=le=
cfwf/df Ko"7fg lhNnfsf] ljsf;sf]                           sfo{qmddf           lhNnfsf                                                                          s]z cflb ;'ky d'Nodf kfOG5 . ;fy} :6]zg/L, kqklqsf, kf7\ok':ts /
ultnfO{ ltj|tf lbg] qmddf of] cfjlws          ljifout sfof{nosf k|d'vx?nfO{ k|d'v                        Ko" 7 fgL ====                                         z}lIfs ;fdfu|Lsf] nflu ;Demfg'xf];\ .
of]hgf th'{dfsf] k|of; ePsf] 5 .              lhNnf clwsf/Ln] ;DjlGwt uflj;;+u                           kqmsf] ;LcfO{aLsf] egfO{ 5 . pgLx?n]
             lhNnf ljsf; ;ldtL                ;dGjo u/L sfo{qmd to ug{ cfu|x                             Ps xhf/ / kfFr ;osf] g]kfnL hfnLgf]6                                               k|f=] ;'o{ lj=s=
Ko"7fgsf] cfof]hgfdf lhlj; ;efxn              ug' { e of] . To;} u /L :yfgLo ljsf;                       sf/f]af/ ug]{ u/]sf] cg';Gwfgaf6 km]nf                              ljzfn kmlg{r/ pBf]u tyf ljzfn k':ts ;bg
vn+ufdf @ lbg] k'j{ of]hgf th"{df             clwsf/L lji0f' k|;fb kf]v|]nn] ;Dk'0f{                     k/]sf] k|x/Lsf] bfjL 5 .                                                          ljh'jf/–^, Ko"7fg
uf]li7sf] cfof]hgf u/LPsf] lyof] . uf]li7df   uflj; ;lrjx?nfO{ k|efjsf/L ?kdf                                         zfx ef/tLo hfnLgf]6 ;lxt                        kmf]g M )*^–$^)!*)÷(*$&*@!!*)÷(*)($)@(%) -rfns s[i0f_
;xefuLx?n] of] h gf 5gf} 6 ubf{ g}            sfd ug{ ;d]t cfu|x ug'{eof] . uf]i7Ldf                     b'O{ jif{ cl3 kqmfp k/L vf]6frng d'4fdf
pko'Qm ljwL cg';f/ 5gf}6 ug'{kg]{df           /fhgLlts bn, ljifout sfof{no, bft[                         sf/jfxL e} w/f}6Ldf 5'6]sf cleo'Qm x'g
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                                                                                                         sf/jfxLsf] nflu dxfgu/Lo k|x/L kl/;/                   ljleGg lsl;dsf /ª /f]ug, KnfO{p8, sfk]{6x?, Knfli6ssf efF8fx? d'leË
                                                                                                         xg'dfg9f]sf k7fOPsf] 5 .                               lro/, sDKo"6/ 6]an tyf cGo sfof{no ;fdu|Lsf] nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ .
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                                                                                                          kqsf/nfO{ ;Ddfg u/f}+                                 plrt d"Nodf pknAw u/fO{G5 .
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                                                                                                                 dgf]/~hgsf nfluÚ                              k'/fgf uxgfjf6 gofF uxgfx? ;f6km]/, rf8kj{sf] cj;/df ljz]if
                                                                                                              lhNnfs} klxnf] / ;jf{lws                         5'6sf ;fy ljlqm ljt/0f ug]{ ug]{ k;n oxfF kf] /x]5 .
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                                                                                                          lj1fkg k| z f/0fsf nflu ;Dks{                                               cf] v /sf] 6 , dR5L ahf/ Ko" 7 fg
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                                                                                                          a[4 dlxnf tyf afnaflnsfx?sf cg]sf}+ ;d:ofx?sf] e/kbf{] pkrf/, Kofyf]nf]lh ;]jf -/ut, lk;fj, vsf/, ljo{, ue{, /ut;d'x, h08L;, ;'u/, h'sf, of}g/f]u,
                                       ljleGg df] 8 ] n sf df] j fO{ n ljlqm tyf                          l6lj 6fOkmfO8, dn]l/of, x]kf6fO{l6;, lel/ËL, jfy/f]u, PrcfO{le, o'l/s Pl;8, 5fnf cflb kl/If0f ul/G5 .
                                                  dd{ t sf nflu                                           gf]6 M– ;'u/ kl/If0fdf 8fOj]l6h -;'u/sf_ lj/fldx?nfO{ !% k|ltzt 5'6sf] Joj:yf, ljBfyL{x?n] Kofyf]nf]lh kl/If0f u/]df !% k|ltzt 5'6sf] Joj:yf,
                                                                                                          lj/fdLx?n] ;Dks{4f/f cfkm\gf] gfd btf{ u/fpg / ;]jf lng ;Sg'x'g]5 .
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                                                   vn+ u f–%, Ko" 7 fg                                                      kt~hln of]ulk7 xl/4f/f ef/t :jfld /fdb]j4f/f of]ufEof; Pj+ k|f0ffofd k|lzIfLt k|lzIfs cf]dx/L e§/fO{
                                                   ;Dk{ s kmf] g M                                                                )*^–$^)#(*, (*$&*&!)@* l;tf uf}td, (&%*%))(!( lji0f' s]=;L, (*$&*^&$#(
                                         )*^–$@))$)÷(*$&*@)(((÷(*$&*@)#@)                                                                          of]ufEof;k|f0ffofd lgz'Ns ljxfg $M#) b]lv ^ ah] ;Dd
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  sfof{nonfO{ cfjZos kg]{ d=n]=k= kmf/dx?, ;d'x, ;+3 ;+:yfnfO{ rflxg] ;Dk"0f{ vftfx?, n]6/Kof8, ljn, e/kfO{, /l;b, kf]i6/, kDkn]6, j|f;/ tyf k':tsx? /+lug tyf ;fwf 5kfO{sf]
  nflu / kf7\o–k':ts, :6]zg/L ;fdfg, v]ns'bsf ;fdfg, ufO{8 tyf u];k]k/ / ;Dk"0f{ z}lIfs ;fdfu|Lsf] nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ . ;fy} gfO{gn 5fk / km\Nof; jf]8{ klg agfO{G5 .
                             – ef/tL 5fkfvfgf tyf :6] z g/L pBf] u ÷Go" ef/tL :6] z g/L vn+ u f, Ko" 7 fg kmf] g M )*^–$@))((, (*$&*@))((, (*$&*#*%(#

								
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