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					VOCABULARY                                                          CAROL WHITE

 If you are motivated to put in the time to improve your vocabulary, there are many good
sources for vocabulary lists: Hot Words for the SAT, any of the Princeton Review Word
Smart lists, and the vocabulary section in The Underground Guide for the SAT’s are great.
However, if you are not in a position to devote months or weeks to memorizing
vocabulary, I am including a short list of 75 words. These are the basic words you
definitely should know, words that appear with great frequency on the SAT. In addition,
you should be reading as much as possible. I know you are all probably stressed out from
all the assigned reading in class, and you probably wouldn’t select The Scarlet Letter or
Tess of the D’Urbervilles to read for pleasure if you had a choice. So, read magazines-
lots of them. If you are interested in music, read Rolling Stone or Spin; your vocabulary
will increase if you read and if you read things you are interested in, then it’s all pretty
painless. Even passive exposure to vocabulary through movies and television is better
than nothing.

One note about memorizing vocabulary lists.
The worst way to learn vocabulary is by memorizing lists. The best way to learn
vocabulary is through context in books, magazines, movies, and conversation. However,
let’s say you are a month or two away from the test and you need to memorize the short
list I have included here. It’s fine to begin memorizing by yourself with note cards or by
covering the word and seeing if you can recall the definition, but after you think you
know the words, get someone to help you. Ask mom, dad, brother, sister to review the
words with you orally. Anytime you learn something through more than one sensory
pathway, the odds of really learning it improve. You know that when you memorize
vocabulary for a quiz in school, you might earn an A on the quiz, but two weeks later you
would probably fail the same test. Get a study buddy to quiz you on the list a few times
each week. This routine will take only a few minutes, but you will be rewarded in the end.

Vocabulary to Memorize Now!! These words appear with great frequency on the

   1.innocuous- harmless
   2. static- not moving
   3. to champion- to support
   4. garrulous- talkative
   5. taciturn- quiet
   6. conventional- traditional, usual
   7. novelty- something new and different
   8. ambi- two/both
   9. ambiguous- open to more than one interpretation; confusing
   10. ambivalent- feeling two ways at the same time; usually conflicting emotions
   11. prudent- careful
   12. eclectic- diverse, from various sources
   13. interminable- never ending
   14. peerless- perfect
   15. dogmatic- bossy, insisting on own way
16. dogged- tenacious, unyielding
17. charlatan- a person who pretends to be an expert; fake; quack
18. adversary- enemy
19. cliché or platitude- overused expression. On the SAT these words will be
    described as: common, banal, hackneyed, stale, trite
20. elegy- sad song or poem
21. lament- expression of sorrow
22. tactful- knowing the right thing to say; diplomatic
23. to reclaim- to take bad land and make it useful again
24. reverence- great respect
25. iconoclast- a person who goes against tradition
26. score- written down music
27. indolent- lazy
28. apathy- without feeling
29. miser- a person who hoards his money
30. frugal- careful with money
31. surfeit- excessive amount
32. aesthetic- dealing with art and beauty
33. hedonist- a person who seeks pleasure
34. verbose- wordy
35. vociferous- loud
36. tirade- abusive speech
37. ephemeral- short lived; transient
38. novice, neophyte, rookie- beginner
39. spurious- not authentic or true
40. prologue- comes before a play
41. epilogue- comes after a play
42. forward : afterward – before and after a novel
43. postscript: ps comes after a letter
44. overture- comes in the beginning of a musical piece
45. malcontent- a person who is never satisfied
46. surreptitious- sneaky, stealthy
47. prolific- producing a lot
48. querulous- complaining
49. assiduous- hard working
50. archipelago- group of islands
51. aberration- something different from normal; deviation
52. arboreal- relating to trees
53. aviary- big bird cage
54. to bay- to howl like a dog
55. culpable- guilty
56. destitute- very poor
57. ennui- boredom
58. to extol- to praise
59. impromptu- without rehearsal; improvised
60. gratis- free
61. to mollify- to calm; to make less severe
62. mercenary- motivated by greed
63. to loathe- to hate; to abhor
64. lithe- flexible, graceful
65. pallid- pale
66. pariah- an person who is an outcast
67. purge- to cleanse
68. recluse- a person who is a hermit
69. sedentary- stationary; in one place
70. to spurn- to reject
71. ubiquitous- common, found everywhere
72. to usurp- to seize by force
73. to vacillate- to waver; to go back and forth
74. virtuoso- a person who is an expert in something- usually music
75. wily- clever and sneaky

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