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					What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




Introduction to NATO




      What is NATO?

      What does NATO do?

      How does NATO work?




                                                         1
What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



WHAT IS NATO ?



          A political and military organization

          Member countries

          Sharing common values

          The principle of collective defence

          Comprehensive vision of security

          Maintaining the transatlantic link


                                                         2
                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                           A political and military organization
A political and military
organization

Member countries
                                    A political organization
Sharing common
values
                                    A military organization
The principle of
collective defence

A comprehensive                      “NATO’s fundamental role and enduring purpose is
vision of security                   to safeguard the freedom and security of its
                                     member countries by political and military means.”
Maintaining the
transatlantic link



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                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                           A political and military organization
A political and military
organization
                                    A political organization
Member countries                     reinforcing security by reducing the risk of conflict


Sharing common
values
                                                                            DIALOGUE /
                                                DIPLOMACY
                                                                            CONSENSUS
The principle of
collective defence

A comprehensive
vision of security                                          COOPERATION

Maintaining the
transatlantic link

                                                                                             next


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                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                           A political and military organization
A political and military
organization
                                    A military organization
Member countries                     when diplomatic efforts fail


Sharing common
values
                                                                       CRISIS MANAGEMENT
                                           COLLECTIVE DEFENCE
                                                                           OPERATIONS
The principle of
collective defence

A comprehensive                                             MAINTAINING
vision of security                                       ADEQUATE MILITARY
                                                            CAPABILITIES
Maintaining the
transatlantic link

                                previous


                                                                                           5
                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                           28 Member countries
A political and military
organization                  1949    Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg,
                                      Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United Kingdom, United States
Member countries
                              1952    Greece, Turkey
Sharing common
values                        1955    Germany

The principle of              1982    Spain
collective defence
                              1999    Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland
A comprehensive
vision of security
                              2004    Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania,
                                      Slovakia, Slovenia
Maintaining the
transatlantic link            2009    Albania, Croatia



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                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                           Sharing common values
A political and military
organization

Member countries                                  Democracy               Freedom


Sharing common
values
                                                   Solidarity            Rule of law
The principle of
collective defence

                                                  Well-being          Individual liberty
A comprehensive
vision of security

Maintaining the                                   Peace and
                                                                     Common heritage
transatlantic link                                 stability



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                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                           The principle of collective defence
A political and military
organization
                                    Article 5 – Washington Treaty
Member countries
                                     An armed attack against one or more members considered as an
Sharing common                       attack against all
values
                                     The right to self-defence – Article 51 UN Charter
The principle of
collective defence

A comprehensive                     Operate when and where necessary to fight
vision of security                   terrorism

Maintaining the                      No geographic limitation – foreign ministers
transatlantic link                   at Reykjavik, May 2002




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                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                           A comprehensive vision of security
A political and military
organization
                                The Alliance’s Strategic Concept (2010)
Member countries
                                    Collective defence
Sharing common                        - Art. 5, the bedrock of the Alliance
values

The principle of                    Crisis Management
collective defence                   - address the full spectrum of crises – before, during &
                                     after conflicts
A comprehensive
vision of security
                                    Cooperative Security
Maintaining the                      - partnerships
transatlantic link                   - arms control, non-proliferation disarmament
                                     - enlargement


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                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                           Maintaining the transatlantic link
A political and military
organization
                                    Linking North America and Europe
Member countries

Sharing common
values                              A unique security partnership
                                     and forum for strategic security discussions
The principle of
collective defence

A comprehensive
vision of security

Maintaining the
transatlantic link



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What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



WHAT DOES NATO DO?


          Helps to create a stable environment

          Welcomes new members

          Forges partnerships

          Leads crisis management operations

          Combats existing and emerging threats

          Develops military capabilities



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                       What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                       Helps to create a stable environment
Helps to create a
stable environment

Welcomes new
members                         Stimulates consultation

Forges partnerships
                                Promotes dialogue and cooperation
Leads crisis
management                      Prevents conflicts through diplomacy
operations

Combats existing and            Provides security to rebuild post conflict areas
emerging threats

Develops military
capabilities


                                                                                    12
                       What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                       Welcomes new members
Helps to create a
stable environment
                                Article 10 Washington Treaty
Welcomes new                           « The Parties may, by unanimous agreement, invite any
members                                other European State in a position to further the
                                       principles of this Treaty and to contribute to the security
Forges partnerships                    of the North Atlantic area to accede to this Treaty. […] »

Leads crisis
management                      NATO’s open-door policy
operations
                                       An ongoing process
Combats existing and
emerging threats
                                Membership Action Plan
Develops military
capabilities


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                What is NATO?      What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                Welcomes new members


 Membership               Programme to help aspiring Partner countries
  Action Plan
                            - meet NATO standards
                            - prepare for possible future membership


                           Currently:
                            - the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia *

                            - Montenegro

                            - Bosnia and Herzegovina

                                      (pending progress on key defence reform)

                 *Turkey recognizes the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name.



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                       What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                       Forges partnerships
Helps to create a
stable environment              Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council

Welcomes new                    Partnership for Peace programme
members
                                NATO-Russia relations
Forges partnerships
                                NATO-Ukraine relations
Leads crisis                    NATO-Georgia relations
management
operations                      Mediterranean Dialogue
                                Istanbul Cooperation Initiative
Combats existing and
emerging threats                Working with other international organizations

Develops military               Partners across the globe
capabilities


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                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Forges partnerships



 Euro-Atlantic
  Partnership Council              Multilateral forum for security dialogue and cooperation
 Partnership for Peace              50 members: 28 NATO Allies + 22 Partners
 NATO-Russia                      Political framework for:
 NATO-Ukraine
                                    - multilateral cooperation with non-members in the Euro-Atlantic area -
 NATO-Georgia                      - bilateral relations with individual Partners under Partnership for
                                    Peace
 Mediterranean
  Dialogue                         Euro-Atlantic Partnership Work Plan
 Istanbul Cooperation                Regional security issues, arms control and non-proliferation,
  Initiative                          terrorism and new security challenges, crisis management, defence
                                      reform, defence planning, disaster-preparedness and response,
 Other international                 science and environment, etc.
  organizations
 Partners across the
  globe


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                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Forges partnerships



 Euro-Atlantic
  Partnership Council
                                   Established in 1994 - currently 22 partners
 Partnership for Peace
 NATO-Russia
 NATO-Ukraine
                                   Cooperation programmes
 NATO-Georgia
 Mediterranean
  Dialogue
 Istanbul Cooperation
  Initiative
 Other international
  organizations
 Partners across the
  globe


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                          What is NATO?       What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Forges partnerships



 Euro-Atlantic
  Partnership Council
                                     22 Partners
 Partnership for Peace
                                     Armenia                    Georgia                Montenegro           Ukraine
 NATO-Russia
                                     Austria                    Ireland                Russia               Uzbekistan
 NATO-Ukraine
                                     Azerbaijan                 Kazakhstan             Serbia               the former
 NATO-Georgia                                                                                              Yugoslav Republic
                                     Belarus                    Kyrghyz                Sweden               of Macedonia*
 Mediterranean                                                 Republic
  Dialogue                           Bosnia and                                        Switzerland
                                     Herzegovina                Malta
 Istanbul Cooperation                                                                 Tajikistan
  Initiative                         Finland                    Republic of
                                                                Moldova                Turkmenistan
 Other international
  organizations                *Turkey recognizes the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name.


 Partners across the
  globe                        previous


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                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Forges partnerships



 Euro-Atlantic
  Partnership Council              Key areas of practical cooperation
 Partnership for Peace
                                   Individual Partnership Programmes
 NATO-Russia
 NATO-Ukraine                     Individual Partnership Action Plans
 NATO-Georgia                     Planning and Review Process
 Mediterranean
  Dialogue
                                   Partnership Action Plan Against Terrorism
 Istanbul Cooperation             Partnership for Peace Trust Funds
  Initiative
                                   Partnership Action Plan on Defence Institution Building
 Other international
  organizations
                                   Education and Training for Defence Reform
 Partners across the
  globe                        previous


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                                What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra        Forges partnerships
Partnership for Peace:


     Practical cooperation
     Individual Partnership          Key areas of practical cooperation
      Programmes
     Individual Partnership              Defence reform and modernization of armed forces
      Action Plans
     Planning and Review
      Process
                                          Capabilities for multinational crisis-management
     Partnership Action Plan              operations
      Against Terrorism
     Partnership for Peace               Terrorism and new security challenges
      Trust Funds
     Partnership Action Plan             Disaster-preparedness and response
      on Defence Institution
      Building
                                          Scientific and environmental cooperation
     Education and Training
      for Defence Reform


                                                                                              20
                                What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra        Forges partnerships
Partnership for Peace:


     Practical cooperation
                                        Activities drawn from wide range of areas identified
     Individual Partnership
      Programmes                         in Euro-Atlantic Partnership Work Plan
     Individual Partnership               Defence policy and planning
      Action Plans
                                           Civil-military relations
     Planning and Review
      Process                              Education and training
     Partnership Action Plan              Air defence
      Against Terrorism
     Partnership for Peace                Communications and information systems
      Trust Funds                          Crisis management
     Partnership Action Plan
      on Defence Institution               Civil emergency planning
      Building
                                           Civil science
     Education and Training
      for Defence Reform
                                        Two-year programmes

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                                What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra        Forges partnerships
Partnership for Peace:


     Practical cooperation
                                         Opportunity for deeper cooperation with NATO
     Individual Partnership
      Programmes                            Specific advice on defence and security
     Individual Partnership                Assistance with domestic reforms
      Action Plans
     Planning and Review                   Consultations on sensitive issues
      Process
     Partnership Action Plan            Two-year plans
      Against Terrorism
     Partnership for Peace              Currently: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and
      Trust Funds
                                          Herzegovina, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Montenegro
     Partnership Action Plan
      on Defence Institution              Republic of Moldova
      Building
     Education and Training
      for Defence Reform


                                                                                         22
                                What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra        Forges partnerships
Partnership for Peace:


     Practical cooperation
                                         Open to all Partners on a voluntary basis
     Individual Partnership
      Programmes
                                         Identifies and evaluates forces and capabilities for NATO-
     Individual Partnership
                                          led training, exercises and operations
      Action Plans
     Planning and Review                Guides and measures defence and military progress in
      Process
                                          participating Partner countries
     Partnership Action Plan
      Against Terrorism
                                         Provides a planning mechanism for Partner countries
     Partnership for Peace
      Trust Funds
                                          that are also European Union (EU) members
     Partnership Action Plan
      on Defence Institution
                                         Countries that wish to join NATO must participate in
      Building                            PARP
     Education and Training
      for Defence Reform


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                                What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra        Forges partnerships
Partnership for Peace:


     Practical cooperation              Framework for NATO-Partner cooperation on
     Individual Partnership              terrorism
      Programmes                            Improved intelligence-sharing
     Individual Partnership
      Action Plans                          Cooperation in border security
     Planning and Review                   Training and exercises
      Process
                                            Development of capabilities
     Partnership Action Plan
      Against Terrorism                     Supports destruction of surplus munitions and small arms
     Partnership for Peace                  and light weapons
      Trust Funds
     Partnership Action Plan            Defines partnership roles and instruments to fight
      on Defence Institution
      Building                            terrorism
     Education and Training
      for Defence Reform


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                                What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra        Forges partnerships
Partnership for Peace:


     Practical cooperation
                                         Projects led by NATO and Partner country funded
     Individual Partnership
      Programmes                          by voluntary contributions
     Individual Partnership
      Action Plans                       Assist in safe destruction of
     Planning and Review                   Stock-piled anti-personnel mines
      Process
     Partnership Action Plan
                                            Other stock-piled munitions
      Against Terrorism
     Partnership for Peace              Support defence reform projects
      Trust Funds
     Partnership Action Plan            Some 25 projects since establishment in 2000
      on Defence Institution
      Building
     Education and Training
      for Defence Reform


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                                What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra        Forges partnerships
Partnership for Peace:


     Practical cooperation
                                          Help reform and restructure defence institutions to
     Individual Partnership               meet domestic and international needs
      Programmes                             Define common objectives
     Individual Partnership
      Action Plans
                                             Exchange information
     Planning and Review                    Help tailor bilateral defence assistance programmes
      Process
     Partnership Action Plan
      Against Terrorism
     Partnership for Peace
                                          Objectives include
      Trust Funds                            Democratic control of defence activities
     Partnership Action Plan
      on Defence Institution
                                             Civilian participation in developing security policy
      Building                               Transparency and accountability
     Education and Training
      for Defence Reform


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                                What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra        Forges partnerships
Partnership for Peace:


     Practical cooperation
                                         Aims to help interested Partner countries
     Individual Partnership
      Programmes                          implement the Partnership Action Plan for Defence
     Individual Partnership              Institution Building
      Action Plans
     Planning and Review
      Process
     Partnership Action Plan            A network of educational institutions developed in
      Against Terrorism
     Partnership for Peace
                                          NATO and Partner countries to support this effort
      Trust Funds
     Partnership Action Plan
      on Defence Institution
      Building
     Education and Training
      for Defence Reform


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                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Forges partnerships



 Euro-Atlantic
  Partnership Council
                                   NATO-Russia Council
 Partnership for Peace
 NATO-Russia                       - Established by Rome Declaration (2002)
 NATO-Ukraine
                                    - Builds on “Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Cooperation
 NATO-Georgia                      and Security between NATO and the Russian
 Mediterranean                     Federation” (1997)
  Dialogue
 Istanbul Cooperation
  Initiative                       Practical cooperation
 Other international
  organizations
 Partners across the
  globe


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                             What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra     Forges partnerships
NATO-Russia relations:



    Rome Declaration                 Rome Declaration (2002) on “NATO-Russia
    Founding Act                      relations: a new quality”
    Practical cooperation
                                      New impetus and substance to relations

                                      Establishes the NATO-Russia Council (NRC)

                                       - 29 NRC members : equal partners

                                       - NRC replaces previous NATO-Russia Permanent Joint
                                       Council




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                             What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra     Forges partnerships
NATO-Russia relations:



    Rome Declaration                 The Founding Act on Mutual Relations,
    Founding Act                      Cooperation and Security between NATO and the
    Practical cooperation             Russian Federation (1997)


                                         “ NATO and Russia do not consider each other as
                                          adversaries ”

                                         Wide agenda of topics for cooperation

                                         Establishes the NATO-Russia Permanent Joint Council
                                          (replaced by NATO-Russia Council 2002)



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                             What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra     Forges partnerships
NATO-Russia relations:



    Rome Declaration             Cooperation on
    Founding Act                        Terrorism and new threats and challenges
    Practical cooperation
                                         Crisis management
                                         Afghan counter-narcotics training
                                         Non-proliferation
                                         Arms control and confidence-building measures
                                         Theatre missile defence
                                         Military-to-military cooperation and defence reform
                                         Civil emergencies




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                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Forges partnerships



 Euro-Atlantic                  NATO-Ukraine Commission (NUC)
  Partnership Council
 Partnership for Peace
                                 NATO-Ukraine Charter on a Distinctive Partnership between the
 NATO-Russia                     North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Ukraine (1997)

 NATO-Ukraine
 NATO-Georgia                   Practical cooperation in a wide range of areas under Annual
                                  National Programme
 Mediterranean
  Dialogue
 Istanbul Cooperation           Key priorities:
  Initiative
                                  - defence and security reform
 Other international
  organizations                   - support for NATO-led crisis management operations

 Partners across the
  globe


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                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                Xtra      Forges partnerships
NATO-Georgia relations:



                                   Discusses security issues of common interest
    NUC
    Charter
                                   Directs practical cooperation


                                   Adopts Annual National Programme (ANP)

                                   Established by the NATO-Ukraine Charter (1997)




                                                                                     33
                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                Xtra      Forges partnerships
NATO-Georgia relations:



                                   NATO-Ukraine Charter on a Distinctive Partnership
    NUC
                                    between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    Charter
                                    and Ukraine (1997)

                                   Reaffirms NATO support for Ukrainian
                                      sovereignty
                                      independence
                                      territorial integrity
                                      democratic development
                                      economic prosperity
                                      status as a non-nuclear weapons state



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                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Forges partnerships



 Euro-Atlantic
  Partnership Council
                                      NATO-Georgia Commission
 Partnership for Peace
 NATO-Russia
                                          - Serves as forum for political consultations
 NATO-Ukraine
 NATO-Georgia                            - Directs practical cooperation under Annual
 Mediterranean
                                            National Programme
  Dialogue
                                          - Underpins Georgia’s reform efforts to help
 Istanbul Cooperation
  Initiative                                country achieve its aspirations for
 Other international
                                            membership in NATO
  organizations
                                          - Established in September 2008
 Partners across the
  globe


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                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Forges partnerships



 Euro-Atlantic
  Partnership Council
                                   Initiated in 1994 – currently 7 participants
 Partnership for Peace
                                     Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia
 NATO-Russia
 NATO-Ukraine
 NATO-Georgia
                                   Mediterranean Cooperation Group
 Mediterranean
  Dialogue
 Istanbul Cooperation
  Initiative
                                   Annual work programmes
 Other international
  organizations
 Partners across the
  globe


                                                                                                    36
                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Forges partnerships



 Euro-Atlantic
  Partnership Council
                                    Initiated in 2004 – currently 4 participants
 Partnership for Peace
                                      Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates
 NATO-Russia
 NATO-Ukraine
 NATO-Georgia
                                    Istanbul Cooperation Initiative Group
 Mediterranean
  Dialogue
 Istanbul Cooperation
  Initiative
                                    Annual work programmes
 Other international
  organizations
 Partners across the
  globe


                                                                                     37
                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Forges partnerships



 Euro-Atlantic
  partnership council
                                   United Nations
 Partnership for Peace
 NATO-Russia                      European Union
 NATO-Ukraine
                                   Organization for Security and Co-operation in
 NATO-Georgia
                                    Europe
 Mediterranean
  Dialogue                         Council of Europe
 Istanbul Cooperation
  Initiative                       African Union
 Other international
  organizations                    Non-governmental organizations
 Partners across the
  globe


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                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                  Xtra    Forges partnerships
Other international
organizations:
                                    Active cooperation on maintaining international peace
                                     and security since early 1990s
     NATO-UN Relations
                                    NATO-UN Declaration (September 2008)

                                     framework for expanded consultation and cooperation between the
                                     two organizations

                                    Consultation and cooperation in wide range of areas

                                     crisis management, civil-military cooperation, mine action, civil
                                     emergency planning, arms control and non-proliferation, terrorism and
                                     new security challenges, combating human trafficking and promoting
                                     the role of women in peace and security




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                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                  Xtra    Forges partnerships
Other international
organizations:



     NATO-EU relations
                                   1994: European Security and Defence Identity

                                   1994: Combined Joint Task Force concept

                                   2001: Beginning institutionalized relations

                                   2003: Berlin Plus Package
                                      Basis for practical cooperation in crisis management




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                          What is NATO?    What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Forges partnerships


                                     Bilateral relations with partners across the globe that
 Euro-Atlantic                       are not part of formal partnership structures
  partnership council
 Partnership for Peace
                                         Different degrees of cooperation:
 NATO-Russia
 NATO-Ukraine                        - Sharing common values and strategic concerns, deepening relations
                                      with NATO and cooperating in areas of common concern
 NATO-Georgia                        (e.g. Australia, Japan, New Zealand and the Republic of Korea)

 Mediterranean
  Dialogue                            - Developing consultation and cooperation in specific areas
                                      (e.g. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq)
 Istanbul Cooperation
  Initiative                          - Developing a dialogue with NATO and being informed of it's agenda
                                      (eg. China and India)
 Other international
  organizations
 Partners across the
  globe


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                       What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                       Leads crisis management operations
Helps to create a
stable environment
                               Crisis management operations and missions
Welcomes new                          Afghanistan
members                               Kosovo
                                      Iraq
Forges partnerships
                                      The Mediterranean
                                      Gulf of Aden
Leads crisis
management                            Support to African Union
operations                            Previous Balkan operations

Combats existing and           Civil emergency planning
emerging threats                      Refugee crises, forest fires, floods, earthquakes (Pakistan 2005)

Develops military
capabilities


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                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra   Leads crisis management and operations
Leads crisis management
operations and missions
                                International Security Assistance Force
                                   ISAF – NATO-led since Aug. 2003
    NATO in Afghanistan           Establish secure environment in Kabul and
    NATO in Kosovo                provinces under UN mandate
    NATO in Iraq
    The Mediterranean
    Gulf of Aden               Provincial Reconstruction Teams
    NATO and Africa               PRTs
    Previous Balkan               Help reconstruction work in provinces – provide
     operations                    security for aid workers

                                Transition phase
                                   Afghans to take lead for their own security
                                   Estimated time-line 2011-2014




                                                                                     43
                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra   Leads crisis management and operations
Leads crisis management
operations and missions
                                    NATO-led multinational peacekeeping force
                                           KFOR – June 1999
    NATO in Afghanistan
                                           NATO adjusts force posture to a deterrent presence -
    NATO in Kosovo
                                           2009
    NATO in Iraq
    The Mediterranean
                                     UN Security Council Resolution 1244
    Gulf of Aden
    NATO and Africa
                                           June 1999
    Previous Balkan
     operations
                                    NATO air campaign against Serb forces
                                           Operation Allied Force
                                           24 March – 10 June 1999




                                                                                                  44
                           What is NATO?       What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra   Leads crisis management and operations
Leads crisis management
operations and missions



    NATO in Afghanistan        NATO Training Mission Iraq (NTM-I) - 2004
    NATO in Kosovo
    NATO in Iraq                               Trains personnel from Iraqi security forces
    The Mediterranean
    Gulf of Aden
                                                Coordinates offers of equipment and training from
    NATO and Africa
                                                 individual NATO and Partner countries
    Previous Balkan
     operations
                                            Niche training options developed




                                                                                                     45
                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra   Leads crisis management and operations
Leads crisis management
operations and missions



    NATO in Afghanistan        Operation Active Endeavour
    NATO in Kosovo
                                    Article 5 operation launched October 2001 in
    NATO in Iraq
                                     Mediterranean to help detect, deter and protect
    The Mediterranean
                                     against terrorist activity
    Gulf of Aden
    NATO and Africa                Since March 2004, extended to whole of
    Previous Balkan                 Mediterranean
     operations
                                    January 2010: shift from a platform-based to a
                                     network-based operation




                                                                                       46
                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra   Leads crisis management and operations
Leads crisis management
operations and missions



    NATO in Afghanistan            Counter-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden and
    NATO in Kosovo                  off the horn of Africa
    NATO in Iraq
    The Mediterranean
    Gulf of Aden
    NATO and Africa
                                    Support humanitarian efforts
    Previous Balkan
     operations

                                    Protect vital sea lines of communication and
                                     economic interests




                                                                                         47
                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra   Leads crisis management and operations
Leads crisis management
operations and missions
                                    Logistical & planning support provided to AU
    NATO in Afghanistan
                                     Mission in Somalia
    NATO in Kosovo
    NATO in Iraq
    The Mediterranean              NATO support to African Standby Force (ASF)
    Gulf of Aden                    brigades – September 2007
    NATO and Africa
    Previous Balkan
     operations
                                    Logistical support provided to African Union
                                     Mission in Sudan – June 2005 to December 2007
                                     Assistance offered to follow-on UN-AU hybrid mission in
                                     Sudan


                                                                                               48
                           What is NATO?       What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra   Leads crisis management and operations
Leads crisis management
operations and missions



    NATO in Afghanistan              Bosnia and Herzegovina
    NATO in Kosovo                       NATO-led implementation force
    NATO in Iraq                          IFOR (1995) – UNSCR 1031
    The Mediterranean                    NATO-led stabilisation force
    Gulf of Aden                          SFOR (1996 – 2004) – UNSCR 1088
    NATO and Africa
                                          Succeeded by EU-led Operation Althea
    Previous Balkan
     operations
                                           December 2004

                                      3 short-term military operations in the former
                                       Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia* (2001-2003)

                                * Turkey recognizes the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name




                                                                                                             49
                       What is NATO?         What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                       Leads crisis management operations
Helps to create a
stable environment
                            Types of crisis management operations
Welcomes new
members

Forges partnerships
                                   Article 5
                                    Operation Active Endeavour

Leads crisis                       Non-Article 5
management                          NATO operations in Afghanistan
operations
                                   Assistance to Partners
Combats existing and                e.g., the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia *
emerging threats

Develops military
capabilities                * Turkey recognizes the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name

                                    previous


                                                                                                         50
                       What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                       Leads crisis management operations
Helps to create a
stable environment
                            Civil Emergency Planning
Welcomes new
members

Forges partnerships         1. Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Center –
                               NATO HQ
Leads crisis
management
operations                  2. Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Unit
                               A deployable unit
Combats existing and
emerging threats

Develops military
capabilities
                                 previous


                                                                                       51
                              What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                   Xtra       Leads crisis management and operations
Civil Emergency Planning




    Euro-Atlantic Disaster
                                       Role
     Response Coordination                Coordinate responses to disasters, in consultation with
     Centre
                                           UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Euro-Atlantic Disaster
     Response Unit                        Focal point for information sharing
                                          Maintain liaison with UN-OCHA, EU and other
                                           organizations



                                       Origins
                                              Established in 1998 on initiative of Russia



                                                                                                     52
                              What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                   Xtra       Leads crisis management and operations
Civil Emergency Planning



                                       Non-standing, multinational mix of national civil
    Euro-Atlantic Disaster
     Response Coordination              and military elements volunteered by members
     Centre                             and partners
    Euro-Atlantic Disaster
     Response Unit


                                       Deployed for major natural or technological
                                        disaster


                                       Size and composition determined by each
                                        particular disaster
                                        previous


                                                                                            53
                       What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                       Combats existing and emerging threats
Helps to create a
stable environment

Welcomes new
members                            Missile defence

Forges partnerships
                                   Terrorism
                                   Spread of weapons of mass destruction
Leads crisis                       Cyber defence
management
operations                         Energy security

Combats existing and
emerging threats

Develops military
capabilities


                                                                                54
                              What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                    Xtra      Combats existing and emerging threats
Combats existing and
emerging threats



    Missile defence
                                       Alliance Theatre Missile Defence (TMD) system to
    Terrorism                          protect troops
    Weapons of Mass
     Destruction Initiative            Missile defence for protection of NATO territory &
     (1999)                             populations in Europe
     Cyber defence

                                       Missile defence cooperation with Russia




                                                                                             55
                             What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                      Xtra   Combats existing and emerging threats
Combats existing and
emerging threats


   Missile defence                   Operation Active Endeavour (2001)
   Terrorism
                                      International Security Assistance Force (2003)
   Weapons of Mass
    Destruction Initiative
    (1999)
                                      Terrorist threat Intelligence Unit (2005)
   Cyber defence                     AWACS Surveillance missions
                                      Increased cooperation with Partners, international
                                       organizations and global partners
                                      Adapted military capabilities (e.g. Programme of Work for
                                       Defence Against Terrorism)
                                      Science for Peace and Security Programme



                                                                                                   56
                             What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                      Xtra   Combats existing and emerging threats
Combats existing and
emerging threats


   Missile defence                   Weapons of Mass Destruction Initiative (1999) aims to
   Terrorism
   Weapons of Mass
    Destruction Initiative                  Increase debate and understanding of WMD issues
    (1999)                                  Improve intelligence and information sharing
   Cyber defence                           Increase awareness of proliferation issues
                                            Enhance military readiness to counter WMD threats
                                            Exchange information on national programmes for bilateral WMD
                                             destruction and assistance
                                            Enhance possibilities for Allies to assist one another in the
                                             protection of civil populations

                                      Leads to creation of WMD Centre, 2000



                                                                                                             57
                             What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?




                      Xtra   Combats existing and emerging threats
Combats existing and
emerging threats


   Missile defence               2008 Cyber defence policy
   Terrorism                           -    coordinating & advising on cyber defence
   Weapons of Mass
    Destruction Initiative
    (1999)
                                  Principal activities:
   Cyber defence
                                        -    assisting individual Allies
                                        -    research & training: Centre of Excellence, Tallinn,
                                             Estonia
                                        -    cooperation with partners




                                                                                                   58
                       What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                       Develops military capabilities
Helps to create a
stable environment
                                Smaller, more flexible and mobile forces
Welcomes new
members                            Lisbon Capabilities Package (2010)

Forges partnerships
                                   NATO Response Force (NRF)
                                   Reforming the military command structure
Leads crisis                       Reforming the defence planning process
management
operations                         Alliance Ground Surveillance planning process
                                   Missile defence
Combats existing and
emerging threats

Develops military
capabilities


                                                                                    59
                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Develops military capabilities



   Lisbon Capabilities
    Package 2010               Lisbon Capabilities Package (2010)
 NATO Response Force
  (NRF)
 Military command                 Meet current priority shortfalls for operations
  structure
                                   Deal with evolving & emerging threats
 Reform of the defence
  planning process
                                   Critical long-term enabling capabilities for
 Alliance Ground                   operations (counter-IEDs, strategic airlift, …)
  Surveillance (AGS)
 Missile defence




                                                                                      60
                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Develops military capabilities



   Lisbon Capabilities
    Package (2010)                 Multinational joint force held at high readiness


   NATO Response Force
    NATO Response Force
    (NRF)
    (NRF)
                                   Deployable after five days’ notice and sustainable for 30
 Military command                  days and more if re-supplied
  structure
 Reform of the defence
  planning process
                                   Article 5 and non-article 5 missions
 Alliance Ground
  Surveillance (AGS)
 Missile defence




                                                                                                61
                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Develops military capabilities



   Lisbon Capabilities
    Package 2010                   Three tiers command
 NATO Response Force
                                      Strategic level:
  (NRF)                                  change from geographical to functional division of
                                         responsibilities
 Military command
  structure – Reform
 Reform of the defence               Operational level:
  planning process                      from 7 to 5 HQs + further reductions
 Alliance Ground                     Tactical or component level:
  Surveillance (AGS)
                                        from 13 to 6 HQs + further reductions
 Missile defence




                                                                                              62
                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Develops military capabilities



   Lisbon Capabilities
    Package 2010                   Defence planning process:
                                    an instrument to ensure that members generate the
 NATO Response Force               necessary capabilities to fulfil NATO missions
  (NRF)
 Military command                 Aim:
  structure – Reform
                                    - to be more flexible, responsive and coordinated
 Reform of the defence
  planning process
                                    - to seek greater harmonization and integration or
 Alliance Ground                   national defence planning activities
  Surveillance (AGS)
 Missile defence




                                                                                         63
                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Develops military capabilities



   Lisbon Capabilities
    Package 2010                   Airborne, stand-off ground surveillance system

 NATO Response Force              Detect and track vehicles moving on or near the
  (NRF)
                                    ground
 Military command
  structure – Reform               Multinational cooperative effort – 15 participating
 Reform of the defence             countries
  planning process
 Alliance Ground                  Alliance Ground Surveillance Agency - 2009
  Surveillance (AGS)
 Missile defence




                                                                                          64
                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Develops military capabilities



   Lisbon Capabilities
    Package 2010                   Alliance Theatre Missile Defence (TMD) system to
                                    protect troops
 NATO Response Force
  (NRF)
                                   Missile defence for protection of NATO territory &
 Military command                  populations in Europe
  structure – Reform
 Reform of the defence            Missile defence cooperation with Russia
  planning process
 Alliance Ground
  Surveillance (AGS)
 Missile defence




                                                                                         65
What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



How does NATO work?


     1.   Consensus decision-making
     2.   Civil and military structure
     3.   Delegations
     4.   Main bodies
     5.   NATO Secretary General
     6.   International Staff
     7.   International Military Staff
     8.   Military command structure
     9.   Agencies
     10. Paying for NATO



                                                         66
                               What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               Consensus decision-making
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure

Delegations                                     An inter-governmental
                                                  organization where
Main bodies
                                               decisions are taken jointly
NATO Secretary General                         by each member country

International Staff

International Military Staff                                                 Principle of consensus
                                                                                applied at every
Military command structure                                                       committee level
Agencies

Paying for NATO




                                                                                                      67
                               What is NATO?      What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               Civil and military structure
Consensus decision-                                                      National Authorities
making
                                                 Permanent Representatives                          Military Representatives
Civil and military structure                      (Ambassadors to NATO)                                      to NATO


Delegations
                                North Atlantic                                   Nuclear Planning
Main bodies                     Council (NAC)                                     Group (NPG)


NATO Secretary General                                                                                 Military Committee
                                                                                                               (MC)
International Staff
                                                                                                    International Military Staff
International Military Staff          Committees
                                   subordinate to the             Secretary General                   Strategic Commands
                                    Council and NPG
Military command structure
                                                                  International Staff

Agencies                                                                                   Allied Command               Allied Command
                                                                                              Operations                Transformation
Paying for NATO




                                                                                                                                    68
                               What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               Delegations
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure            A national delegation per member country at
                                         NATO HQ, Brussels
Delegations

Main bodies

NATO Secretary General
                                        Status of an Embassy
International Staff

International Military Staff
                                        Headed by an Ambassador or
Military command structure               Permanent Representative
Agencies

Paying for NATO




                                                                                        69
                               What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               Main bodies
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure            North Atlantic Council
Delegations

Main bodies                             Nuclear Planning Group
NATO Secretary General

International Staff                     Military Committee
International Military Staff

Military command structure

Agencies

Paying for NATO




                                                                                        70
                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                           Main bodies



 North Atlantic Council
 Nuclear Planning                  Key political decision-making body
  Group
 Military Committee                Forum to discuss policy and operational questions

                                    Chaired by Secretary General

                                    Meets at different levels

                                    Established by Article 9 of Washington Treaty

                                    Authority to set up subsidiary bodies




                                                                                         71
                           What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                           Main bodies



 North Atlantic Council
 Nuclear Planning                  Ultimate authority with regard to nuclear policy
  Group
                                     issues
 Military Committee
                                    Reviews the Alliance’s nuclear policy in the light of
                                     changing security environment

                                    All members except for France

                                    Chaired by NATO Secretary General

                                    Meets at different levels




                                                                                             72
                          What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                          Main bodies



 North Atlantic Counci
 Nuclear Planning                 Senior military advisory authority
  Council
 Military Committee               Under authority of NAC and NPG

                                   Provides guidance to two strategic commanders

                                   Meets at different levels
                                   Chairman selected by Chiefs of Staff for
                                    three-year term




                                                                                    73
                               What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               NATO Secretary General
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure            Chairman of NATO’s senior committees and
                                         decision facilitator
Delegations

Main bodies

NATO Secretary General                  Spokesperson
International Staff

International Military Staff
                                        Head of International Staff
Military command structure

Agencies

Paying for NATO




                                                                                        74
                               What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               International Staff
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure            Advisory and administrative body
Delegations

Main bodies
                                        Supports work of Delegations
NATO Secretary General

International Staff

International Military Staff            Divided into divisions
Military command structure

Agencies
                                        Staffed by nationals from member countries
Paying for NATO




                                                                                        75
                               What is NATO?      What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               International Staff
Consensus decision-                                                                   Secretary
making                                                                                 General
                                Senior Resource         Civil and Military                                    International Board
                                     Board             Budget Committees           Deputy Secretary               of Auditors
Civil and military structure                                                           General

Delegations
                                                                                                      NATO Office of
Main bodies                                                                                             Security
                                                                       Executive
                                                                      Management
NATO Secretary General
                                                                        Division

International Staff
                                                                                                        Office of
International Military Staff                                                                          the Financial
                                                             Office of Resources                        Controller
Military command structure

Agencies
                                 Emerging         Political Affairs
                                  Security               and                             Defence Policy        Public          Defence
                                                                         Operations
Paying for NATO                 Challenges        Security Policy                         and Planning       Diplomacy       Investment
                                                                          Division
                                  Division            Division                              Division          Division         Division

                                  previous

                                                                                                                                      76
                               What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               International Military Staff
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure            Advisory and administrative body
Delegations

Main bodies
                                        Supports work of Military committee
NATO Secretary General

International Staff

International Military Staff            Divided into divisions
Military command structure

Agencies
                                        Staffed by nationals from member countries
Paying for NATO




                                                                                        77
                               What is NATO?    What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               International Military Staff
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure    Financial Controller
                                                                                                              Public Information
Delegations                                                                                                        Advisor
                                                                   Director (DIMS)

Main bodies                        Legal Officer
                                                                      Executive
                                                                     Coordinator
NATO Secretary General                                                                                              Personnel
                                 Support Activities
International Staff

International Military Staff
                                                   SITCEN
Military command structure

Agencies
                                                                            Cooperation            Logistics
                                                                 Plans
Paying for NATO                  Intelligence    Operations                 & Regional           Armaments &
                                                                & Policy                                                  NHQC3S*
                                   Division       Division                    Security            Resources
                                                                Division
                                                                             Division               Division
                                     previous                                      * The NATO HQ Consultation, Command & Control (C3) Staff


                                                                                                                                         78
                               What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               Military command structure
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure            Allied Command Operations (ACO)
                                                NATO operations
Delegations

Main bodies

NATO Secretary General                  Allied Command Transformation (ACT)
                                                Alliance transformation
International Staff

International Military Staff

Military command structure                                  Reform ongoing
Agencies

Paying for NATO




                                                                                        79
                               What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               Military Command Structure
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure

Delegations

Main bodies

NATO Secretary General

International Staff

International Military Staff

Military command structure

Agencies

Paying for NATO

                                                                                        previous


                                                                                              80
                               What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               Military Command Structure
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure

Delegations

Main bodies

NATO Secretary General

International Staff

International Military Staff

Military command structure

Agencies

Paying for NATO

                                                                                        previous


                                                                                              81
                               What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               Agencies
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure            Production and logistics
Delegations                             Standardization
Main bodies
                                        Communications
NATO Secretary General
                                        Research
International Staff

International Military Staff            Other agencies and organizations
Military command structure              Project offices
Agencies

Paying for NATO
                                                            Reform ongoing



                                                                                        82
                               What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                               Paying for NATO
Consensus decision-
making

Civil and military structure            Indirect contributions
Delegations

Main bodies
                                        Direct contributions - principle of common funding
NATO Secretary General                        Civil budget
International Staff                           Military budget
                                              NATO’s Security Investment Programme
International Military Staff

Military command structure

Agencies

Paying for NATO




                                                                                              83
                    What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                    Paying for NATO



 Civil budget
 Military budget            Operating costs of the International Staff
 NATO’s Security
  Investments                Civilian programmes
  Programme
                             Running costs of HQ facilities
                                Conference services
                                Meetings of NATO committees
                                Security services




                                                                             84
                    What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                    Paying for NATO



 Civil budget
 Military budget            Operating and maintenance costs of the
 NATO’s Security             international military structure
  Investments                   Military Committee
  Programme
                                International Military Staff
                                Agencies
                                Two strategic commands and associated command,
                                 control and information systems
                                Research and development agencies
                                NATO Airborne Early Warning and Control Force
                                Operating costs of NATO peacekeeping command
                                 structures


                                                                                  85
                    What is NATO?   What does NATO do? How does NATO work?



                    Paying for NATO



 Civil budget
 Military budget            Major construction and system Investments that
 NATO’s Security             exceed national defence requirements of individual
  Investments                 member countries
  Programme
                                Communications and information systems
                                Radar
                                Military HQ
                                Airfields
                                Fuel pipelines and storage
                                Harbours




                                                                                   86

				
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