# Sixth Grade Final Exam Review Sheet part two 10 by stariya

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```									                 Sixth Grade Final Exam Review Sheet
Name________________________ Date__________ Class_____ #__

Energy:
A. Vocabulary
Energy, potential energy, kinetic energy, elastic potential energy, gravitational potential
energy, mechanical energy, thermal energy, electrical energy, electromechanical energy,
nuclear energy, Law of conservation of energy, conversions, temperature, Celsius, Ferenheit,
Kelvin, heat, conduction, convection, radiation, convection currents
B. Concept questions
1. Describe the difference between Kinetic energy and potential energy and mention the
types of energy in each of these groups.
2. Use examples from daily life to explain how energy is transformed on a daily basis.
3. Give an example from daily life for each of the types of Kinetic energy.
4. Explain how mass and speed are related to kinetic energy
5. Explain the law of conservation of energy and give two examples to help explain
6. What happens to the total amount of energy when transformations occur?
7. What energy conversions happen when we warm our coffee in the microwave?
8. What are fossil fuels made of and what kind of energy do they have?
9. Explain why throwing a baseball has both potential and Kinetic energy.
10. When Piedad walks into the room talks to Ms. Muñoz and then leaves, What are the energy
transformations that occur.? Be detailed.
11. What kind of energy is found in the following: a bouncing ball, a glass sitting on the
table, the sun shining, the bicycle rolling down the hill, a hot pot of water, stretched
rubber band?
12. What is the relationship between work and energy?
13. What transformation of energy happen in food chain ( from sun to consumer)?
14. What energy conversions occur when a pendulum is moving? Why does it
eventually stop moving?
15. What are some conversions found in your project.
16. What happens to a cup of hot coffee and a popsicle that are left on a teble in a
room.
17. What is the relationship of density with convection currents.
18. Explian how convection currents happen in a pot of boiling water.
19. Explain the similarities and differences between conduction, convection and
20. What is the difference between thermal energy and heat?
21. What is the difference between heat and temperature
22. From the bouncing lab:
a. Explain the energy transformations that occurred when we bounced the ball.
b. Why did the ball bounce lower each time it came back up?

Astronomy:
A. Vocabulary
supernova- red giant – nebula – protostar – white dwarf – pulsar - super giant – neutron star
– black hole - milky way –binary eclipsing- binary star – spiral galaxy –elliptical galaxy –
irregular galaxy - quasar-– Astronomical unit – Light year– satellite – galaxy
Sixth Grade Final Exam Review Sheet
Name________________________ Date__________ Class_____ #__

B. Concept questions
1. What are the main characteristics of stars?
2. Draw the life cycle of a star? Remember to label each step. Explain your drawing in a
paragraph.
3. What is the difference between a blackhole and a white dwarf?
4. Name some of the main characteristics of a star.
5. Explain how the mass of a star may determine its life cycle.
6. How do we measure distances in space and why? What do these units mean in
kilometers?
7. Studying distant galaxies is referred to as looking back into the past. What does this
mean?
8. What causes the seasons on earth? Include a diagram in your explanation and label it.
9. Name the four types of galaxies, their characteristics and the similarities and
differences.
Populations, Communities, Ecosystems and Biogeography Review:
A. Vocabulary:
Solstice, equinox, vernal equinox, autumnal equinox, winter solstice – biogeography-
continrntal driftexotic species - physical barrier- climate- biome, rain forest, canopy,
understory deciduous forest, coniferous trees, Boreal forest, Tundra, permafrost, desert,
grassland savanna, estuary, intertidal zone, neritic zone, surface zone Deep zone - seed
dispersal - estuary – population – community – ecosystem- population density - sampling -
migration- immigrating - emigration - limiting factor -carrying capacity - ecology - canopy -
emergent layer - understory - forest floor
B. Concept Questions
1. Compare and contrast the temperatures of the following biomes: tropical rain forest, deciduous
forest, boreal forest.
2. Explain why most marine organisms live near the water surface or near the shore.
3. Explain how water can be a means of dispersal for plants but can limit the dispersal of animals.
4. Explain why it is mostly the climate in an area that determines its biome.
5. Compare and contrast the characteristics of the following biomes: tropical rain forest,
deciduous forest, boreal forest.
6. Compare and contrast the characteristics of the following biomes: Dessert, grassland and
tundra
7. Explain why most marine organisms live near the water surface or near the shore.
8. Explain why it is mostly the climate in an area that determines its biome.
9. Explain why two different species in an ecosystem can share the same habitat but not the
same niche.
10. Explain the difference between a population and a community.
11. Explain the difference between direct and indirect observation in determining population size.
12. An ecologist counts 75 cardinals in an area measuring 15 square kilometers. What is the
population density of the cardinals?
13. What are the levels of ecological organization ( from smallest to greatest) and what is in each?
14. How do we measure population sizes?
15. What can cause population sizes to change? ( Increase or decrease)
16. What are limiting factors, how do they affect the population, give some examples.
17. What does biogeography study?
18. Explain why the population of predator and its prey often follow regular patterns.
19. What causes the seasons on earth? Use the words solstice and equinox in your explanation.
Include a diagram in your explanation.
Sixth Grade Final Exam Review Sheet
Name________________________ Date__________ Class_____ #__

20. Why is diversity greater in the tropical zone (around the Equator) than in the temperate zone?
21. Go over all the section review questions for each of the sections covered.
22. Check all journal questions.
23. Go over tilt and seasons lab
24. Go over Mice and rabbit activity.

1. How was the pheasant population changing at Point A?
2. Which letter marks the peak of the pheasant population?
3. What happened to the pheasant population between Point B and Point C?
4. What are some possible explanations for the change in pheasant population between Point B
and Point C?
5. In 1990, a large resort hotel was built on the island where these pheasants live. Explain how
this might have affected the pheasant population.
6. What was the population density of pheasants in 1968, 1976, and 1990?
Cells:
A. Vocabulary
Cell - organelle, cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum,
ribosome, Golgi body, chloroplast, vacuole- lysosome,- nucleus- nucleolus – nuclear
membrane – chromatin – nucleoplasm-
B. Concept questions
1. What is the difference between prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells?
2. Name the organelles and their function
3. Compare and contrast mitochondria and chloroplasts
4. What is the difference between plant and animal cell
5. What is the difference between bacteria and plant cell
6. What are the levels of organization in multicellular organisms?
7. What are the components of a nucleus and what re the functions of each?
Matter:
A. Vocabulary
Matter - physical properties - Chemical properties - characteristic properties - Boiling point -
melting points – freezing point- physical changes -chemical change - chemical activity – solid
- liquid – gas – plasma – physical forces – phase – vapor – condense – condensation –
Sixth Grade Final Exam Review Sheet
Name________________________ Date__________ Class_____ #__

freezing – melting – sublimation – solidification vaporization – evaporating - boiling –atom -
element – compound – protons – electrons – neutrons – chemical bonds - solution –molecule
– heterogeneous substance – homogeneous substance – suspension – colloid – periodic
table, acid bases, hydrogen ion, hydroxide ion, acid, base
B. Concept questions
1. What are the different states of matter?
2. How does matter change from one state to the other?
3. Why must you study at least two or more characteristic properties before you can
accurately identify a substance?
4. Compare and contrast (similarities and differences) between neutrons, protons and
electrons.
5. What two main groups can matter be divided into? What is the basic difference
between them? Give examples for each.
6. What are physical properties, chemical properties and characteristic properties? Explain
and give examples
7. Explain the difference between a chemical and a physical change?
8. What relation is there between a physical and a chemical change?
9. Compare and contrast elements and compounds?
10. What is the periodic table?
11. What does the atomic number indicate?
12. If a substance has an atomic number of 10 how many protons and neutrons does it
have?
13. If you look at an element on the periodic table, how doe you know how many energy
levels of electrons it has and how many elctrons does it have in the outer shell?
14. What is an acid and what is a base? How are they related?
15. What does the ph scale indicate?
16. What is neutralization?
17. When we mix vinegar and baking soda there is a point when the mixture does not
produce anymore bubbles. Why is this? What was happening with the mixture
before?
18. Explain why mixing 10 ml of water with 10 ml of sugar will not give you 20 ml of
solution.
19. What happens when we mix an acid with a base?
20. Why does the doctor give you Mylanta when you complain of a stomach ache
21.
22. Explain the reaction that happens when we mix HCL + NaOH an why it turned pink.
23. Make a list of common chemical changes.
24. Define each of these as physical or chemical change.
An egg in a beaker of vinegar        Snow melting        A mango rotting
Sugar mixed with water            Burning firewood      A car rusting Making clothes out of
wood        A sliced pear turning brown

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