GUIS 2008 - 2011 NLO Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan

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					                                    Gulf Islands National Seashore

      2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan
The 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan is a hazardous fuels and resources management
treatment plan for the pine, mixed hardwood, and marsh ecosystems within the Davis Bayou area of Gulf
Islands National Seashore. This plan identifies prescribed fire treatments for each of the three years covered by
the plan with a goal of treating approximately 20 to 80 acres per year. Prescribed fire managers retain the
flexibility to substitute or supplement treatment units to take advantage of fuels treatment opportunities. The
burn units listed are similar enough to allow this omnibus plan to be applicable for each unit listed with the
understanding that this plan will be revisited and updated each year if and as needed. Annual reviews of the
plan will be conducted informally by a qualified burn boss, cluster and / or regional fire ecologist and park
staff. Updates to the plan that could result in an increase in complexity will require technical review and
agency approval.

The goals of the project are to use fire to reduce hazard fuel accumulations and to restore and maintain a
diverse and functioning ecosystem by reintroducing the historic role of fire as an ecological process to these
fire-adapted communities.

Direction to use prescribed fire to achieve goals and objectives further stated in this burn plan comes from the
park’s Fire Management Plan. The Federal Wildland Fire Management Policy (2001 review and update of the
1995 policy), also mandates federal land-management agencies with fire dependent communities to reintroduce
and maintain fire as part of the ecosystem. The policy of using fire as a land management tool helps decrease
risks to life, property and resources and perpetuates the natural resource values of the park.
Specific prescribed fire operational details are not described in this document, but will be identified in the
Incident Action Plan for each prescribed fire.
PREPARED BY:            ____________Caroline Noble       ___                        DATE: __1/9/08__
                      Caroline Noble, SER Fire Ecologist, RXB2

COMPLEXITY RATING:                       MODERATE

TECHNICAL REVIEW BY:                     Shawn K Nagle (see app. B)_                 DATE: _ 1/10/08_


FIRE ECOLOGY REVIEW:                    Lisa McInnis                                 DATE: _ 1/9/08 __
                                  Lisa McInnis, Cluster Fire Ecologist, NATR

REVIEWED BY: ______________Gary Hopkins__________                                    DATE: __1/11/08__
                               Gary Hopkins, Biologist, GUIS

REVIEWED BY: ___________Mark Nicholas_____________                                   DATE: _1/10/08___
                               Mark Nicholas, Biologist, GUIS

REVIEWED BY: __________________________________                                      DATE: __________
                 Rick Clark, Chief of Science and Resources Management, GUIS

APPROVED BY: __________________________________                                      DATE: __________
                               Jerry Eubanks, Superintendent, GUIS

Delegation of Authority:
The approved prescribed fire plan constitutes a delegation of authority to burn. No one has the authority to burn without
an approved plan or in a manner not in compliance with the approved plan. Actions taken in compliance with the
approved prescribed fire plan will be fully supported. Personnel will be held accountable for actions taken that are not in
compliance with elements of the approved plan regarding execution in a safe and cost-effective manner.
              Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan



Executive Summary
Direction to utilize prescribed fire to achieve goals and objectives further stated in this burn plan
come from the National Seashore’s approved 1998 Fire Management Plan and Statement for
Management. The Statement for Management addresses the need to protect seashore resources
and adjacent land development from wildland fire by conducting a hazard fuels reduction
program. It also addresses the role of fire in ecosystem sustainability at GUIS, stating that, “The
National Park Service recognizes the significance of fire in the perpetuation of natural systems.
All current knowledge indicates that within the ecotypes encompassed by Gulf Islands, fire has
played a significant role in shaping and maintaining the biota.”

The Davis Bayou area is an “island” in a sea of urban development that is located south of
Highway 90, a very busy thoroughfare and major traffic corridor in Ocean Springs, MS. Portions
of the perimeter of the Unit are adjacent to residential neighborhoods, an elementary school,
research facilities, and park infrastructure, thus increasing the wildland-urban interface potential.
In recent years, tropical storms and subsequent clean-up have altered the fuel loading and
arrangement in the Davis Bayou area, making burning for fuel reduction objectives even more
imperative.

Additionally, the Davis Bayou area contains a diverse mixture of native plant communities that
total approximately 250 acres (burnable acres excluding open water and developed areas). These
communities range from wetlands such as tidal marsh, bayhead swamp, wet pine savanna and
flatwoods, to uplands including southern mixed hardwoods and maritime forest.
As with much of the southeastern coastal plain, the native plant communities of the Davis Bayou
Unit have undergone changes in vegetation structure and species composition as a result of fire
suppression and/or alteration of natural fire regimes.

In 2002 managers of the Gulf Islands National Seashore conducted an 8 acre pilot prescribed fire
in a pine savanna wetland in order to improve habitat for several sensitive plant species including
pitcher plants. The burn unit and surrounding area were subsequently thinned in 2003.
Preliminary results show that the treatments were successful in both reducing total fuel loading,
as well as in maintaining the open canopy structure on which these plants thrive. Additionally, a
report prepared for the Seashore by Mississippi State University in 1992* had the following
management recommendations with regard to fire:

       The Park should continue with its on-going efforts to re-establish periodic fire as a means
        of restoring the optimal vegetation structure within the three major wet pine savanna
        sites.
       The Park should also consider opportunities to expand the use of periodic fire on other
        areas of the Park, including:
             o All or portions of the wet pine flatwood areas.
             o All or portions of the southern mixed hardwood areas.

        With the continued absence of fire in these pyrogenic community types, the entire unit
        may eventually be converted to a xeric hardwood community with loss of native fire-
        adapted species unique to the Gulf Coastal Plain and the Southeastern US.

This omnibus fuels treatment plan represents the first major step in implementing a fire program
in the Davis Bayou area. Efforts will be made to ensure that necessary mechanical treatments,
especially along boundaries, will be planned concurrently to ensure safe prescribed fire


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              Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


implementation. Past efforts have demonstrated that burn implementation necessitates a certain
level of flexibility allowing fire managers to respond to weather and observed fire behavior in
order to best meet both fuel reduction and ecosystem restoration objectives. For this reason,
while the Target unit for 2008 is the Maintenance Area Burn Block, it is possible that other
blocks may be burned if Park management is supportive and objectives can be achieved.

*Wetland Delineation and Hydrologic/Community Survey of the Davis Bayou Area of Gulf
Islands National Seashore: Final Report, February 1992. Prepared by Mississippi State
University Coastal Research and Extension Center, Biloxi, Mississippi.




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              Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




   ELEMENT 2: AGENCY ADMINISTRATOR PRE-IGNITION APPROVAL
                         CHECKLIST

Instructions: The Agency Administrator’s Pre-Ignition Approval is the intermediate planning
review process (i.e. between the Prescribed Fire Complexity Rating System Guide and Go/No-Go
Checklist) that should be completed before a prescribed fire can be implemented. The Agency
Administrator’s Pre-Ignition Approval evaluates whether compliance requirements, Prescribed
Fire Plan elements, and internal and external notifications have been or will be completed and
expresses the Agency Administrator’s intent to implement the Prescribed Fire Plan. If ignition of
the prescribed fire is not initiated prior to expiration date determined by the Agency
Administrator, a new approval will be required.

YES NO                               KEY ELEMENT QUESTIONS
              Is the Prescribed Fire Plan up to date?
              Hints: amendments, seasonality.
              Will all compliance requirements be completed?
              Hints: cultural, threatened and endangered species, smoke management, NEPA.
              Is risk management in place and the residual risk acceptable?
              Hints: Prescribed Fire Complexity Rating Guide completed with rational and
              mitigation measures identified and documented?
              Will all elements of the Prescribed Fire Plan be met?
              Hints: Preparation work, mitigation, weather, organization, prescription,
              contingency resources
              Will all internal and external notifications and media releases be completed?
              Hints: Preparedness level restrictions
              Will key agency staff be fully briefed and understand prescribed fire
              implementation?
              Are there any other extenuating circumstances that would preclude the successful
              implementation of the plan?
              Have you determined if and when you are to be notified that contingency actions
              are being taken? Will this be communicated to the Burn Boss?
              Other:



Recommended by: _______________________________________ Date: ___________
                   Prescribed Fire Burn Boss


Approved by: ___________________________________________ Date: ___________
                    Agency Administrator


Approval expires (date): ___________________________________




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                  Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


                ELEMENT 2: PRESCRIBED FIRE GO/NO-GO CHECKLIST


A. Has the burn unit experienced unusual drought conditions or contain above            YES          NO
normal fuel loadings which were not considered in the prescription development?
If NO proceed with checklist., if YES go to item B.

B. If YES have appropriate changes been made to the Ignition and Holding plan
and the Mop Up and Patrol Plans? If YES proceed with checklist below, if NO
STOP.


YES    NO                                            QUESTIONS
               Are ALL fire prescription elements met?

               Are ALL smoke management specifications met?

               Has ALL required current and projected fire weather forecast been obtained and are they
               favorable?
               Are ALL planned operations personnel and equipment on-site, available, and operational?

               Has the availability of ALL contingency resources been checked, and are they available?

               Have ALL personnel been briefed on the project objectives, their assignment, safety
               hazards, escape routes, and safety zones?
               Have all the pre-burn considerations identified in the Prescribed Fire Plan been completed
               or addressed?
               Have ALL the required notifications been made?

               Are ALL permits and clearances obtained?

               In your opinion, can the burn be carried out according to the Prescribed Fire Plan and will
               it meet the planned objective?

    If all the questions were answered "YES" proceed with a test fire. Document the
    current conditions, location, and results


    ____________________________________                           _________________________
                Burn Boss                                                    Date




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               Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




                  ELEMENT 3 COMPLEXITY ANALYSIS SUMMARY

PRESCRIBED FIRE NAME

             ELEMENT                                                POTENTIAL                    TECHNICAL
                                                  RISK
                                                                   CONSEQUENCE                   DIFFICULTY
                                             MODERATE             MODERATE                      MODERATE
1. Potential for escape
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      MODERATE
2. The number and
   dependence of activities
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      MODERATE
3.   Off-site Values
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      MODERATE
4    On-Site Values
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      MODERATE
5. Fire Behavior
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      MODERATE
6.   Management organization
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      MODERATE
7. Public and political interest
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      MODERATE
8. Fire Treatment objectives
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      MODERATE
9    Constraints
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      MODERATE
10 Safety
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      MODERATE
11. Ignition procedures/
     methods
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      MODERATE
12. Interagency coordination
                                            MODERATE              MODERATE                      LOW
13. Project logistics
                                            HIGH                  HIGH                          MODERATE
14 Smoke management


COMPLEXITY RATING SUMMARY

                                                                                  OVERALL RATING
RISK                                                                        MODERATE

CONSEQUENCES                                                                MODERATE

                                                                            MODERATE
TECHNICAL DIFFICULTY
                                                                       MODERATE
SUMMARY COMPLEXITY DETERMINATION
RATIONALE: This project rates as a moderate due to inherent difficulties associated with burning in the wildland
urban interface in areas of high public use and coordination efforts required between the park and FUM. All of the
complexity elements have been addressed in this plan and mitigation techniques identified both to minimize risk and to
minimize potential consequences. A fully qualified RXB2, SRB, and FIRB are required to implement this plan as
written.




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                   Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




                ELEMENT 4: DESCRIPTION OF PRESCRIBED FIRE AREA

A. Physical Description
Location:
All burn units fall within the Davis Bayou area of Gulf Islands National Seashore, Jackson County,
Mississippi USGS 7.5 minute English Lookout Quadrangle. Township 7S, Range 8W, section 34


Description of treatment units and boundaries:
All Davis Bayou treatment units can be considered as Flat with South aspects for purposes of fire
behavior modeling. Slopes are typically less than 10% even within those units with perceptible
ridge lines.
Project Boundaries are comprised of a combination of paved roads, 15 foot fuel breaks, and tidal
marsh. The fuel breaks are primarily along the Park Boundary and not all in place in every unit
but are in place for the units planned for this fiscal year.
Park Unit: 15 Foot fuelbreak along Park boundary to north, paved road to east, south, and north.
Maintenance Unit: 15 foot fuelbreak to north, paved road to east and south, tidal marsh to west.
Trail Unit: Paved road to north and east, tidal marsh to west and south.
See Appendix A for project area maps.

   Burn Unit        Acres       Elev.    Planned        N. Latitude   W. Longitude
                                 (ft)   Treatment
 DB-1 Sliver           4         12         ---         30 24’ 03”    88 47’ 42”
 DB-2 Picnic          42        4-14        ---         30 23’ 55”    88 47’ 35”
 DB-3                 19        4-12      2009          30 23’ 54”    87 47’ 19”
 Maintenance
 DB-4 Park            60        4-10      2008          30 23’ 49”    88 46’ 59”
 DB-5 Knap             9         14        ---          30 23’ 49”    88 46’ 40”
 DB-6 VFW             10        6-14        ---         30 23’ 44”    88 46’ 40”
 DB-7 Gollott          7         4-8        ---         30 23’ 45”    88 47’ 06”
 DB-8 Quave            8         4-8        ---         30 23’ 43”    88 47’ 15”
 DB-9 Trail           42        4-16      2010          30 23’ 48”    88 47’ 71”
 DB- 10 Gate          11        4-19        ---         30 23’ 32”    88 47’ 15”
 DB -11 Eagle         14        4-18        ---         30 23’29”     88 47’ 20”
 DB-12                 8        8-12        ---         30 23’ 32”    88 47’ 18”
 Headquarters
 Total               234
--- Not Planned at this time.




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                     Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


B. Vegetation/Fuels Description:

Wet Pine Flatwoods (FM9): Pine dominated forests with an overstory of longleaf, loblolly and slash
pines. Scattered shrubs include palmetto, galberry, titi, wax myrtle, and fetterbush. Surface layer includes
long needled litter with a minor component of grasses and herbs. Historic fire return interval of 3-5 years.

Southern Mixed Hardwood (FM 9): Pine-dominated upland habitat with a varied assemblage of
understory trees and shrubs. Canopy consists of longleaf and loblolly pine plus laurel oak, southern
magnolias, white oak, sweet gum, water oak, and southern red oak. Shrubs include yaupon and galberrry.
Litter layer is a combination of oak and pine litter. Historic fire return interval of 3-5 years.

Wet Pine Savannah (FM2): Open grassland with scattered pines. Diverse assemblage of native grasses
including wiregrass and bluestem. Diverse herbaceous layer including pitcher plants and sundews, as well
as numerous orchids and other flowering plants. Historic fire return interval of 3-5 years.

Bayhead Swamp (FM 8): Forested wetlands hear the heads of tributaries. Common canopy trees include
magnolia, swamp black gum, red bay, red maple. Shrub species include wax myrtle, gallberry, and titi.
The historic role of fire is typically restricted to the transition zone or ecotone with adjacent fire
dependent types.

Tidal Marshes (FM3): Wet grasslands composed of salt-tolerant grasses and sedges that are exposed to
the ebb and flow of astronomical tides along coastal areas. Primarily consist of smooth cordgrass, black
needlerush, and salt marsh hay. Fire History primarily anthropogenic burning or restricted to ecotone
with adjacent fire dependent types.
Vegetation/Fuels Composition by Burn Unit:
    Burn Unit          Wet Pine            Southern            Wet Pine           Bayhead          Tidal Marsh
                       Flatwoods            Mixed              Savannah           Swamp
                                          Hardwoods
                         (FM 9)             (FM9)               (FM2)              (FM8)              (FM3)
 DB-1 Sliver               --                100%                 --                 --                 --
 DB-2 Picnic               --                 70%                 --                10%                20%
 DB-3                      --                70%                  --                10%                20%
 Maintenance
 DB-4 Park                 70%               15%                 10%                 5%                  --
 DB-5 Knap                  --               100%                 --                  --                 --
 DB-6 VFW                   --                80%                 --                20%                  --
 DB-7 Gollott               --                80%                 --                20%                  --
 DB-8 Quave                 --                70%                 --                10%                20%
 DB-9 Trail                 --               60%                  --                20%                20%
 DB-10 Gate                 --                90%                 --                 5%                 5%
 DB-11 Eagle                --                60%                 --                  --               40%
 DB-12                      --               100%                 --                  --                 --
 Headquarters

Hurricane and Tropical Storm Impacts: Several hurricanes and tropical storms have impacted the Davis Bayou
area in the past several years. Given the small acreage of the Park unit, most of the area was immediately treated for
dead and downed tree removal after the storms so the cumulative impact on fuel loading has been surprisingly
minimal, perhaps even causing a slight decrease in surface fuel loadings due to tidal wash. Standing overstory dead
tree density varies by burn unit but remains over-all at well less than 3%.



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                  Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


Fire Effects Monitoring Inventory Data:

Fuel Loading: Only one inventory plot currently exists within the Davis Bayou area in the Wet
Pine Savannah vegetation type. Additional fuel loading transects will be installed in January, 2008.
The inventory values are reasonably consistent with literature based values and provide
verification that using Anderson’s Models for fire behavior prediction provide a reasonable
approximation of the existing fuels in Davis Bayou. Literature methods do not provide estimates
for duff and litter loadings. Note that only dead fuel information is displayed as live fuel
inventories were not conducted. Given the paucity of monitoring data, literature fuel loads values
will be utilized for fire behavior prediction. Fuel Model 9 for conifers will be used for modeling
purposes since it is the most well represented type and most of the southern mixed hardwood
contains some needle litter component.

Fuel loading (tons/acre) information:

Source of Fuel Load                               Dead
Estimate for Fire          Dead 1       Dead 10   100 Hr     Litter      Duff          Total
Behavior Modeling          Hr Fuel      Hr Fuel   Fuel       Fuel        Fuel          Fuel
                           Load         Load      Load       Load        Load          Load
Fire effects monitoring      .03          .91        .91      11.16       10.11         23.11
data inventory: (n= 1)
Wet Pine Savannah
(1) Anderson, Hal E. FM       1.13        1.87        1.50      n/a         n/a          n/a
7
(1) Anderson, Hal E. FM       1.5         1.0         2.5       n/a         n/a          n/a
8
(1) Anderson, Hal E. FM       2.92        .41         .15       n/a         n/a          n/a
9
(1) Anderson, Hal E. FM       3.01         0           0        n/a         n/a          n/a
3

(1) Anderson, H.E. 1982. Aids to Determining Fuel Models for Estimating Fire Behavior. GTR, INT-122.
Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. Ogden, UT. USFS.


C. Description of Unique Features:

       Congress established Gulf Islands National Seashore in 1971. The purposes of the Park are
       to provide recreation for visitors and to protect the wildlife, barrier islands, salt marshes,
       historic and archeological sites along the shores of the Gulf of Mexico. 28 turpentine trees
       are known to occur in DB-4, the Park block scheduled for 2008. The Park has determined
       that these trees survived fire historically and no protection for the individual trees is
       warranted. Additionally, several units contain park infrastructure or the remains of historic
       infrastructure from the days prior to the Seashore’s establishment. The vast majorities of
       the sites are non-flammable and will not be impacted by fire. Any sites identified by the
       Park Resources Management Specialist prior to the burn will be prepped to minimize the
       impacts of fire.



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                  Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




D. Maps
     See appendix for vicinity and project maps

                           ELEMENT 5: GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Goal Number 1:       Safety. Provide for safety of fire personnel and the public.
      Objective 1:Ensure the public experience no injuries
      Objective 2:Ensure fire personnel receive no lost time injuries
Goal Number 2:    Hazard Fuels Management. Minimize fire risk to park infrastructure.
      Objective 3:Reduce litter and duff load by > 30% as measured immediately post
                  burn.
     Objective 4: Decrease cover of shrub species by > 30% as measured 1 year post
                  burn.
Goal Number 3: Reintroduce the historic role of fire as an ecological process to fire-adapted
                     vegetation communities in order to maintain a diverse and functional
                     ecosystem.
       Objective 5: Limit mortality of overstory longleaf and slash pine to 20% as
                    measured 2 years post burn.
       Objective 6: Increase herbaceous component of the understory by > 20% as
                    measured 2 years after the third burn.



                                    ELEMENT 6: FUNDING:

The planned project costs associated with the planning and implementation of the prescribed fire
treatments covered by this plan will range from $15,000 to $50,000 per year. Park staff and fire
managers will determine annual funding needs associated with implementing planned treatments
and request those funds through National Fire Plan Wildland Urban Interface funding sources
(NFPORS WUI funding). Once approved and funded, account numbers will be established by the
Southeast Regional Office and be made available to Park Staff and assigned burn personnel for the
implementation of these fuel reduction treatments.




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                   Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




                                     ELEMENT 7: PRESCRIPTION

A. Environmental Prescription:

                                      DB-4 Pine              All other DB
                                      Flatwoods                  units
   Element *                          Acceptable             Acceptable                Optimum
                                        Range                   Range
   Temperature (◦ F)                   40 to 89                40 to 89                     70
   Relative Humidity (%)                 30+                      25+                       50

   Wind Direction                   NW, N, NE, E             NW,N,NE,E,                      N
   Mid-Flame Wind Speed               0 to 5                   0 to 7                       2-4
   (mph)
   Note: Use .3 reduction
   factor from 20 ft winds
   Predicted 20 foot winds                0-17                   0-17                       6-7
   1 Hr. Fuel Moisture (%)                 6+                     5+                        10
   10 Hr. Fuel Moisture (%)                7+                     6+                        11
   1000 Hr. Fuel Moisture                 10+                    10+                        12
   (%)
   Transport Wind speed                 10+ mph                10+ mph                  12+ mph
   Daytime Mixing Height               1700 feet+             1700 feet+               2500 feet+
   Dispersion Index                      40-70                  40-70                      50
   (daytime)
   KBDI (0 to 800)                     100 to 450              100-450                   150-300

Notes:          The acceptable range designates the acceptable value range for any given individual prescription
                element. The weather parameters should be evaluated as a whole when determining go / no-go for
                burn implementation. If multiple prescription elements are at the high (hot) end of the prescription,
                re-evaluate the size of the unit, adequacy of control lines, holding forces assigned, and contingency
                plans as fire behavior may become problematic.

B. Fire Behavior Prescription for FM9:

           Element                                    Acceptable Range                Optimal
           Flame Length (feet)                              1 to 7                      2-4
           Rate of Spread (chains / hour)                  2 to 10                      3-4
           Probability of Ignition (%)                    20 to 65                      30


Prescription Narrative:
The prescription for the Pine Flatwoods is more restrictive in terms of relative humidity and fine dead fuel
moistures than for the remainder of the units in order to minimize overstory mortality and smoke production
by limiting duff consumption. Another key factor to monitor for the Pine Flatwoods is days since rain
though it is not a prescription element.


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                    Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




FM9 best represents all units and has been used for prescription development and modeling purposes.
Minor inclusions of FM8, 2, and 3 occur in some of the burn units. The FM2 is too small to be of concern
and the FM8 is significantly “cooler” burning than the FM9 so has not been modeled. FM3 has been
modeled for documentation purposes and is addressed in Appendix E, Fire modeling documentation. In
summary, the tidal marsh areas which are addressed as FM3 will not be intentionally ignited and will most
likely serve as a barrier to fire spread. In the event that fire does creep and run in the marsh, the marsh is
patchy in density and all unit boundaries contain significant portions of open water adjacent to any tidal
marsh area. For this reason, fire will not be directly suppressed in tidal marsh areas but will be allowed to
go out naturally. The burn boss may elect to burn out small areas of marsh within the burn units in order to
expedite the time required to monitor and patrol these areas.


All smoke dispersal elements are critical to ensure for firefighter and public safety as well as highway
traffic safety. The key parameters in this prescription in terms of fire behavior are wind speed and relative
humidity which will control rate of spread. The key things to monitor in terms of desired effects are
residence time and severity in terms of whether it is a fast moving surface fire (desirable) or fire lingers and
burns into the duff layer. Minimal duff consumption is desirable in order to minimize delayed mortality to
overstory longleaf pine from root damage.


                                     ELEMENT 8: SCHEDULING

A. Ignition Time Frames/Season(s):

        January 1 – June 1

B. Projected Duration:
      Individual burns will generally require one day for ignition, with complete burn out of heavy fuels
      and smoldering lasting up to a week. Units may be broken up and burned over a 2 day period if
      park staff and the burn boss deem this necessary to minimize impacts to local communities. In
      most cases, completing the burn over one day will result in less impact on local communities than
      burning over a 2 day period. Individual burns should be implemented so that all ignition operations
      are completed during the burn period and heavy fuels have had a chance to substantially burn out
      prior to the end of the burn period to minimize overnight smoldering and smoke production.

C. Constraints:

        Although the burn may occur while the Magnolia Elementary school is in session, all efforts will be
        made to minimize negative impacts on school operations and close coordination will occur with
        school officials.

        Coordination between the fire use module(s) and park staff as well as between park divisions will
        be required so as to minimize impacts to operations and visitation. The earlier in the season the
        burn can be completed, the less likely there is to be competition to obtain the services of the fire use
        modules.

        At National Preparedness Level Four and Five, prescribed fire implementation is restricted and
        regional guidance should be sought. National Preparedness Levels can be determined by checking
        the National Situation Report at: http://www.nifc.gov/nicc/sitreprt.pdf



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                 Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




                       ELEMENT 9: PRE-BURN CONSIDERATIONS

A. Considerations:

      All burn unit site preparations undertaken will conform to Minimum Impact Suppression
      Tactics (MIST) as described in the Fireline Handbook and Incident Response Pocket
      Guide.
      1. On Site:
             To be completed by burn boss or designee at least one day prior to burn:
              Assess unit perimeter for snags that may pose holding concerns or firefighter /
                 public safety issues, prep or fall as required.
              Break up and scatter jack pots and windrows adjacent to fire lines that pose a
                 threat to holding forces
              Verify designated containment lines are adequate for forecast conditions.
              Verify site prep of all included park infrastructure has been completed.
              Inspect contingency lines and infrastructure adjacent to the burn unit for holding
                 concerns in the event of an escaped fire.
              Designate and mark drop points as required.


             Burn Boss or designee will ensure the following are completed on the day of the
              burn:
              Unlock all gates in the fire area.
              Post area and / or trail closure signs as required. Where feasible, consider
                leaving portions of trails open to visitor access and assign
                fire interpreters to interact with visitors and explain the benefits of prescribed
                fire.
              Place “Prescribed Fire” and “Smoke Ahead” signs as required based on forecast
                wind direction.
              Preposition supplies (drip torch fuel, full bladder bags, etc.) as required.
              Install hose lays if needed.
              Verify that hydrants within the Seashore boundaries are functional and pre-
                position hydrant wrenches as needed.

      2. Off Site
            To be completed by designated park staff at least one week prior to burn:

                 Monitor Davis Bayou area weather data and begin dialog with NWS regarding
                  forecast accuracy for the area.
                 Notify adjacent land owners and park staff of pending burn.
                 Place fliers at visitor center describing prescribed fire and benefits to the eco-
                  system.
                 Consider issuing a news release to the media.



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                 Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


             To be completed day of burn by Burn Boss or designee:
                 Obtain spot weather forecast from NWS New Orleans/Baton Rouge 985-649-
                    0357 or Mobile (251)-633-6443
                    Or, via the internet at:
                    http://www.srh.noaa.gov/lix/html/fwfnew.shtml
                    http://www.srh.noaa.gov/mob/firewx.shtml
              Arrange for smoke warning signs on Highway 90 east and west of the burn unit
                 Request Burn Permit from the Mississippi Forestry Commission, Southeast
                    District Office at 1-800-240-5161.
                 Complete Notification List Items (section C below).
                 Ensure a Delegation of Authority has been prepared and signed by the Agency
                    Administrator or acting for off-Park Burn Bosses (signature on this plan
                    constitutes a delegation of authority)
                 Prepare maps and IAPs in accordance with RM-18. Required elements include
                    the following:
                        o A) Organizational Assignment (ICS-203)
                        o B) Medical Plan (ICS-206)
                        o C) Safety Message (or ICS-215A)
                        o D) Division Assignment List (ICS-204)
                        o E) Communication Plan (ICS205)
                        o F) Project Map
                        o G) Weather Forecast
                        o H) Aviation Operations Summary if applicable (ICS – 220)

B. Method and Frequency for Obtaining Weather and Smoke Management Forecast(s):

      Monitor weather forecasts and site conditions to determine when the designated burn
      unit(s) will be in prescription. This may be done monthly, weekly, or daily as the
      conditions become closer to prescription. The day before the burn, check weather forecast
      to verify conditions and smoke dispersal are adequate. Morning of the burn, obtain spot
      weather forecast for the burn site. The spot forecast should cover the burn period,
      overnight conditions, and the following day. An additional spot forecast should be
      requested each day until the prescribed fire is no longer actively spreading. Spot or area
      forecasts should also be reviewed by assigned holding forces until such time as the fire has
      been declared out.

                 Monitor Davis Bayou weather for at least a week prior to the burn and verify
                  consistency with NWS fire weather forecast. Use local observations or obtain
                  observations by using a belt fire weather kit.

                 Monitor fire weather and smoke forecasts for a minimum of 2-3 days prior to
                  the burn using the following websites:
                    1. NWS Fire Weather Forecast New Orleans/Baton Rouge and Mobile
                     http://www.srh.noaa.gov/lix/html/fwfnew.shtml
                     http://www.srh.noaa.gov/mob/firewx.shtml



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                   Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


                     2. Duff Moisture Indicator
                        (KBDI) http://www.fs.fed.us/land/wfas/kbdi.gif
                        http://www.fs.fed.us/r8/sacc/weather/KBDI/KBDI_Nav_Chart.htm
                        (ERC)

                    Request spot weather forecast from NWS New Orleans 985-649-0357 or
                      Mobile (251)-633-6443 for each operational period:
                      http://spot.nws.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/spot/spotmon?site=lix
                         http://spot.nws.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/spot/spotmon?site=mob




C. Notifications:

       A designated Gulf Islands National Seashore staff member will notify affected park
       neighbors, park staff, and adjacent land owners as early in the planning and implementation
       process as practical and at least one week prior to burn implementation of pending
       prescribed fire projects. Information will be made available to the public at Park
       Headquarters and the Visitor Center describing prescribed fire projects and resource
       benefits associated with prescribed fire. The following burn notification list will be
       completed day of burn by the burn boss or designee:

Contact                          Phone Number                  Person             Date /   Initials
                                                               Contacted          Time
Mississippi Forestry             1-800-240-5161 or 228-
Commission / Permits             497-1393
Ocean Springs Fire Dept.         228-875-4063
Ocean Springs Police Dept.       228-875-2211
Jackson County Sherriff’s        228-769-3063
Office
Magnolia Park Elementary         228-875-4263
School
Interested adjacent landowners   Park Maintains list




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              Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


                               ELEMENT 10: BRIEFINGS

A pre-burn briefing will be conducted with all assigned resources prior to initiating the test
burn and at the start of each subsequent operational period. This briefing may be conducted
on-site if desired. The standard prescribed fire briefing format shall be followed. The
following briefing checklist may be utilized to facilitate the briefing:

   Briefing Checklist
    Burn Organization                                     Ignition plan
    Burn Objectives                                       Holding Plan
    Prescription                                          Contingency Plan
    Description of Burn Area                              Wildfire Conversion
    Expected Weather & Fire Behavior                      Safety and Medical Plan
    Communications

A post-burn briefing will be conducted with all available assigned resources at the end of each
operational period. This briefing will be in the form of an After Action Review, the structure
of which is spelled out in the Incident Response Pocket Guide (IRPG, NFES #1077). An AAR
is a learning tool intended for the evaluation of a project in order to improve performance by
sustaining strengths and correcting weaknesses. It is a tool that can be used to get the
maximum benefit from experience gained on any incident or project. The burn boss or his
designee is responsible for facilitating the AAR. A note taker should also be designated so that
insight gained from an incident is not lost. AAR’s are not to be utilized as investigative
reviews.




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                    Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




                      ELEMENT 11: ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT

RECOMMENDED MINIMUM burn organization for single burns associated with this plan.
Position                       Red Card Qualifications            Minimum # Required
Burn Boss                      RXB2                               1
Firing Boss                    FIRB                               1
Holding Specialist             Single Resource Boss or higher     1
Fire Monitor                   FEMO                               1
Ignition Personnel             1 FFT1, 2FFT2                      3
Holding Personnel              1 FFT1, 5FFT2                      6
Engine Boss                    ENGB                               2
Engine Operators               FFT2                               2
Public Information             n/a if not on line, FFT2 on line   1
Road Patrol/Traffic            n/a                                0
*Boat Operator                 n/a                                1
Minimum Required Total                                            18/19
Personnel
Equipment                      Type
Engine                         Type 6 or larger                   2
ATV/UTV                                                           2
Leaf Blower                                                       1
*Power Boat                    15 hp or larger/ at least 2        1
                               passenger capacity
* Boat and operator only required for units with tidal marsh component (DB- 2, 3, 8 ,9, 10, 11)

Qualified Trainees (per PMS 310-1) are acceptable in all positions as long as a qualified facilitator is
identified. Duty hours may be staggered to allow for evening patrols without exceeding work/rest
guidelines.

Positions and Equipment narrative:
The above table represents the minimum personnel and equipment determined to be adequate for
the anticipated conditions (See Appendix for Holding Resources Worksheet). The burn boss is
ultimately responsible for evaluating each specific burn unit on burn day and determining the
required number, type, and kind of resources required to safely implement the burn. Thus
additional resources may be added or resource configurations/assignments altered for each
operational period so long as the above minimums are met. Specific daily organization and
assignments will be documented in the Incident Action plan for each operational period.
Minimum Qualifications of the holding specialist may need to be increased to TFLD if additional
resources are assigned. Span of control shall be maintained at all times (i.e. limit number of
assigned resources at seven or fewer).




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                 Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




                             ELEMENT 12: COMMUNICATION

A. Radio Frequencies
   The following frequencies are available for use at Gulf Islands National Seashore during
   prescribed fire operations. Specific communications for prescribed fire implementation will be
   outlined in the Incident Action plan and reviewed during briefing.

Channel           Channel            Receive                Transmit           Remarks
Function          Assignment         Frequency              Frequency
Tactical          1                  168.350                168.350            Module
Tactical          2                  163.100                163.100            Module
Command           3                  172.500                172.500            GUIS rpt
Air to Air        6                  168.850                168.850            Airnet
Air to Ground     10                 168.625                168.625            Air to ground

B. Telephone Numbers:
   The following contact information is provided for key contacts, additional contact information
   and numbers may be found above in the Notifications Section, Element 9 Section C.

Name                        Position                            Phone Number
Mark Nicholas               GUIS Biologist                      850-934-2619 (office)
                                                                850-232-3619 (cell)
Rick Clark                  GUIS Chief of Science and           850-916-3011 (office)
                            Resources Management                850-232-3633 (cell)
David Loveland              GRSM FUM Lead                       865 436-1711 (office)
                                                                865 414-6461 (cell)
Gary Hopkins                GUIS Biologist                      228-875-9057 x 104 (office)
                                                                228-348-1062 (cell)
Pete Jerkins                CUGA FUM Lead                       276- 861-3418 (office)
                                                                423-794-6408 (cell)
Dan Mapstone                NATR FMO                            662-680-4029
Shawn Nagle                 NATR Fuels Management               662-680-4028 (office)
                            Specialist                          662-231-4024 (cell)
Kevin Walsh                 SER Rx Fire Specialist              404-562-3108 x684 (office)
Caroline Noble              SER Fire Ecologist                  850 893-4153 x267 (office)
                                                                850-591-7122 (cell)
Lisa McInnis                Cluster Fire Ecologist (NATR)        662-840-7572 (office)
                                                                662-401-5290 (cell)




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                    Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




               ELEMENT 13: PUBLIC AND PERSONNEL SAFETY, MEDICAL

    The Burn Boss is responsible for safety on the burn. The burn boss will strictly enforce all standard
    wildland fire safety rules. Project personnel will wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE)
    during all phases of the project. No person will be allowed within the burn unit without the proper
    PPE.
    An IAP will be completed by the burn boss or designee prior to each operation period. The IAP will
    address objectives, fire weather/behavior, assignments, communications, and safety. A daily safety and
    project briefing will be conducted prior to work on the project during each phase of the project by the
    designated work leader or burn boss. All personnel involved with the burn will attend the briefing.
    Items that may be covered during these briefings include but are not limited to:

           LCES
           Fire line hazards, i.e., stump holes, footing issues, open flames, working adjacent to roadways,
            old ditches, snags, etc.
           Animal hazards, i.e., wasps, bees, rattlesnakes, etc.
           Fuel storage, i.e., drip torches, drip torch fuel, saw gas, etc.
           Firing techniques, devices, i.e., drip torches, aerial ignition devices, very pistols, etc.
           Vehicles, i.e., lights on, slow driving, traffic conditions, visitors, local residents, smoke, ATVs,
            etc.
           Health hazards, i.e., heat, smoke inhalation, lightning, dehydration, injuries, hazardous
            materials, etc.
           Equipment hazards such as chain saws, working with tractor/plows, etc.

    A Job Hazard Analysis (JHA’s) for prescribed fire operations has been completed and is attached.

The Burn Boss will work with and through appropriate supervisors to institute any corrective safety
measures associated with this project. If a serious safety issue cannot be resolved prior to ignition of any
portion of this project, ignition will not take place. If the issue occurs during the course of operations, it
will be mitigated with the most reasonable measures possible that will provide for safety of public and
employees. If necessary, the project will be shut down until the mitigation efforts are successful.

Media/Special Visitors/Dignitaries.
The burn boss will be notified if any non red-carded special visitors are in the burn area and the boss will have
the final say as to whether or not these individuals will be allowed on the fireline. If these personnel are
allowed onto the burn site, the standards outlined in the Redbook (Interagency standards for Fire Operations)
section 06-15 will be followed. These standards include use of full PPE and escort by an individual minimally
qualified as a Single Resource Boss.

Emergency Medical Procedures, Evacuation Methods, and Facilities:
In the event of an injury, contact will be established with the injured party’s immediate incident supervisor
and burn boss. If the injury requires medical assistance on-site burn crew members that are certified as
medical first responders will assist the injured party until relieved by more qualified medical personnel.
The Burn Boss will implement the IAP Medical Plan as required to initiate medical response and
transportation to the nearest treatment facility. Area ambulance services and hospitals with contact
information are included in the IAP Medical Plan and will be reviewed with incident personnel at the
beginning of each operational period.



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                    Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




                                     ELEMENT 14: TEST FIRE

A. Planned location:
A test fire will be conducted on each burn unit as part of the go / no-go burn decision process. The
test fire will be ignited in an area with fuels that are representative of fuels being targeted within
the treatment unit and that is easily controlled. The purpose of the test fire is to verify that
observed fire behavior will meet management objectives for the burn and to verify predicted
smoke dispersion. Results of the test fire will be documented by the burn boss and firing boss and
retained as part of the Prescribed Fire Record (Fire Report).



B. Test Fire Documentation:

                                      Test Fire Results
                                                                                Yes      No
Are all prescription parameters favorable for implementing the burn?
Narrative Comments:



Is the observed fire behavior within prescription?
Narrative Comments:



Is the test fire successful, will it meet the plan objectives?
Narrative Comments:



If three items above are all “Yes”, proceed with the prescribed fire.

                                          Signatures
Burn Boss / Date / Time                          Firing Boss / Date / Time




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              Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


                            ELEMENT 15: IGNITION PLAN

The Firing Boss will recommend ignition strategies and tactics to the Burn Boss who will
make the final decision on which resources and techniques will be used based upon the
operational objectives and environmental conditions. The Firing Boss will describe the
ignition plan and critical areas to all burn personnel at the pre-burn briefing. Everyone will be
provided a copy of the IAP, which will include a copy of the project map.

A. Firing Methods
Any common ignition techniques and strategies may be employed including aerial ignition.
Hand ignition techniques, a combination of strip head fires, backing fires, flanking fires, and
spot ignitions will be the primary ignition method used on most units. If aerial ignition is used,
all operations will conform to all applicable interagency guides including the Interagency
Helicopter Operations Guide (IHOG), Aerial Ignition Guide, and the park Aviation Special
Use Plan. Ignition operations may involve a two-phased approach of first black-lining the
unit’s perimeter, or a portion of the perimeter and then igniting the interior of the unit. The
black-lining operation is intended to secure the perimeter prior to ignition of the remainder of
the unit. Black-lining operations may be conducted hours or days in advance of interior
ignition.
B. Devices
Any common ignition devices may be employed during the implementation of this plan.
Ignition devices that may be employed are drip torches, ATV torches, fusees, plastic spheres
and / or Quick-Fire flares. Firing operations may employ any combination of these tools to
achieve resource management objectives. Established safety practices for the use of these
ignition devices will be observed at all times, refer to the attached JHAs.

C. Techniques, Sequences, and Patterns:
A fast moving strip head fire pattern is the desired ignition technique in the Pine Flatwood and
Savannah areas. A slower moving backing fire is the desired ignition technique in the
southern mixed hardwood if fire will carry in the litter and herbaceous layer.
The GUIS units have dense vegetation and limited identifiable interior landmarks that make
good communication between igniters essential. The Firing Boss will be responsible for
communication and coordination between igniters as well as with holding resources. Fire
behavior and effects will be observed by the FEMO to ensure that the desired objectives are
being met. Modifications of ignition patterns or methods may be made to in order to achieve
objectives if they can be made without jeopardizing firefighter and public safety. If objectives
are not being met, the Burn Boss shall terminate ignition operations until conditions become
more favorable. If the project area comes back into prescription based on current and
forecasted weather, ignition operations may continue; if not, the unit shall be placed in a mop-
up and patrol status. Holding actions shall maintain control of the fire until a decision is made
to continue, postpone or suppress the fire. The Burn Boss will document this decision process.

D. Ignition Staffing:
The minimum staffing chart lists 1 Firing Boss and 3 igniters. Additional personnel may be
utilized so long as span of control can maintain a safe operation.


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               Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




                             ELEMENT 16: HOLDING PLAN

A. General Procedures for Holding:
The Holding Specialist will recommend holding strategies to the Burn Boss who will make the
final decision on which resources will be used based on needs identified in the holding forces
worksheet (attached).

Holding actions include all standard fire suppression actions approved within the current Fire
Management Plan. In general, the emphasis on managing holding actions will be the use of
Minimum Impact Suppression Tactics (MIST). Holding resources may include engines, water
tenders and hand crews (squads) and specialized equipment such as tractor plows and ATVs
with water tanks. Holding resources will work to ensure that the prescribed burn is contained
within the targeted area and to protect infrastructure, private property, cultural sites, research
equipment, and other values at risk. Known values at risk and water sources will be identified
on the project map.

B. Critical Holding Points and Actions:

At the time of this plan writing (Dec. 2007) , most of the currently planned Burn units have
paved roads or significant (> 15 foot) fuels breaks along their boundaries. Some unit
boundaries are comprised on tidal marshes. In these marsh areas, the fire will not be
intentionally set in these marshes but will be allowed to creep and run into the marshes which
are all adjacent to open water still considered to be within the burn unit boundary. If marshes
are burning well, small burn-out operations may occur along marsh boundaries.

DB-1: Sliver Block: Not planned at this time
DB-2: Picnic Block: Not planned at this time

DB-3: Maintenance Block:
   This unit is bounded by paved road to the south and east. The northern boundary is
      adjacent to a residential area and will be treated mechanically to a width of at least 15
      feet to be passable in a 2WD vehicle for most of its length. The residential area consists
      of irrigated, manicured, lawns. The northwest and western boundaries are comprised of
      tidal marsh areas in which the fire is not expected to carry significantly. These areas
      will not be intentionally lit during normal operations and will be monitored by boat and
      from road overlooks. Water based patrols may need to occur until nighttime humidity
      recovery extinguishes the fire.

      Critical Holding Point: Although the paved park road serves as the southern unit
       boundary, this will be the vulnerable boundary given the north wind prescription. The
       fuels across the road are southern mixed hardwood are spot fires should be easily
       extinguished given adequate patrol.

      Actions: Actions: Holding resources will concentrate efforts along the south
       boundary. In the event of a spot to the south that exceeds initial attack capability, crews


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               Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


        will back off to the nearest defensible space. Contingency resources may be ordered at
        the discretion of the burnboss.

DB-4: Park Block:
   The unit is bounded by paved road to the west, south, and east. The northern boundary
      is adjacent to a residential area along Conley Circle and adjacent to the Magnolia Park
      elementary school parking lot and playground. The non-roaded boundary has been
      treated mechanically to a width of at least 15 feet and is passable in a 2WD vehicle.
      The residential area consists of irrigated, manicured, lawns.

       Critical Holding Point: Although the paved park road serves as the southern unit
        boundary, this will be the vulnerable boundary given the north wind prescription.
        Additionally, the Park boundary is not well cleared in places to the south of park road so
        extinguishing spot fires as soon as they occur will be critical along the south boundary.

       Actions: Holding resources will concentrate efforts along the south boundary. In the
        event of a spot to the south that exceeds initial attack capability, crews will back off to
        the nearest defensible space on or near the park boundary. Contingency resources may
        be ordered at the discretion of the burnboss.

DB-5:   Knap Block: Not planned at this time
DB-6:   VFW Block: Not planned at this time
DB-7:   Gollott Block: Not planned at this time
DB-8:   Quave Block: Not planned at this time


DB-9: Trail Block:
   The unit is bounded by paved road to the north and east. The southern boundary open
      water adjacent to tidal marshes.

       Critical Holding Point: With the preferred wind direction (NW to E), the primary area
        of concern will be the tidal marsh areas in which the fire is not expected to carry
        significantly. These areas will not be intentionally lit during normal operations and will
        be monitored by boat and from road overlooks. Water based patrols may need to occur
        until nighttime humidity recovery extinguishes the fire.

       Actions: The fire will be allowed to creep and run through the tidal marsh areas which
        are within the burn unit boundary. In the event of a spot fire outside of the unit
        boundary, the burnboss and Park staff will determine whether the most appropriate
        suppression tactic. Contingency resources may be ordered at the discretion of the
        burnboss.

DB-10: Gate Block: Not planned at this time
DB-11: Eagle Block: Not planned at this time




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                  Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


   Actions taken to mitigate these areas of concern will include reconnaissance prior to ignition by
   burn personnel to both verify that adequate unit prep has taken place and to familiarize burn
   personnel with both location of and access to these critical holding areas. Additionally the
   holding boss may choose to staff these areas with additional personnel and/or stage additional
   equipment or personnel to be ready to respond to holding problems in these areas.

   WATER SOURCES: There are fire hydrants along Park road, Colney Circle, Gollott Avenue,
   in the maintenance compound, and in the elementary school parking lot. A hydrant wrench will
   be placed at the hydrant along with a length of hose for refilling engines. A hydrant is at the
   NLO visitor center if needed.

   C. Minimum Organization of Capabilities Needed:
   Element 11, Organization and Equipment describes the minimum resources required to
   conduct a burn under this plan. Additional personnel may be utilized as needed so long as
   communication and span of control can maintain a safe operation.

   D. Mop-Up Operations:
  Depending on soil and fuel moisture, mop-up may be necessary along unit boundaries though if
  possible fuels will be allowed to burn out naturally. In those instances where smoldering fuels
  pose safety hazards either directly (i.e. burning stump holes near trails), or indirectly (smoke on
  roadways), mop-up will take place. The extent of mop-up operations will be determined on
  scene by the Burn Boss.

  E. Patrol and Monitoring:
  The Burn Boss will schedule patrols of the fire perimeter. Patrol of the project will continue
  until the fire is controlled (no threat to the perimeter). Once controlled, the Burn Boss will
  coordinate transfer of the burn back to GUIS staff. Once the transfer has been completed,
  assigned park personnel will become responsible for management of the prescribed fire until
  declared out. The prescribed burn will not be declared out until 72 hours pass without an
  observed smoke.




                            ELEMENT 17: CONTINGENCY PLAN

This contingency plan identifies the trigger points or conditions that indicate when additional
actions or resources are needed, the actions to be taken, and the response time of contingency
resources.

1. Trigger points or conditions:
   The following conditions or triggers warrant activation of the contingency plan:
       a) Resources management/hazardous fuel reduction objectives not be met during the burn
       operation
       b) Prescription elements be exceeded during the operation
       c) Spotting or escaped fire occurs



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                  Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


2. Actions to be taken:

   a. Objectives Not Met:
      The FEMO is responsible for observing fire behavior and documenting first order fire
      effects as the burn progresses and relaying these observations to the Firing Boss and Burn
      Boss. The Firing Boss may attempt to modify firing methods in order to achieve
      objectives. Should it become apparent that despite modification of firing techniques,
      objectives are not being met, the Burn Boss will relay to the Firing Boss to terminate the
      prescribed fire. Termination of ignition operations will take place at a location where
      holding actions can stop the unwanted spread of fire, preferably utilizing natural barriers.
      Operations will concentrate on holding and / or mop-up until such time as conditions
      become more favorable to continue ignition operations.

   b. Prescription Elements Exceeded:
      Should prescription elements be exceeded during the course of ignition operations, the
      Burn Boss shall notify the Firing Boss to terminate ignition at the first available
      opportunity as described above. Operations will concentrate on holding and / or mop-up
      until such time as conditions return to acceptable levels. If it is anticipated that conditions
      will improve, operations may hold in place until weather / fire behavior observations
      indicate it is acceptable to continue. If conditions are unfavorable to continue ignition
      operations, efforts shall be directed towards improving holding lines and mopping up fire
      to preclude the possibility of escape. Weather and fuels conditions shall be monitored by
      the FEMO or designated park staff to determine when conditions are favorable to resume
      burn operations.

   c. Spotting and / or Escaped Fire:
       In the event of spot fires or slop-overs, holding forces shall immediately notify the Firing
       Boss and Burn Boss with a size-up and assessment as to additional resource needs at the
       scene. The nearest ICT5 to the spot shall be responsible for suppression efforts until
       relieved by either the Burn Boss or a more qualified IC. The Burn Boss and Firing Boss
       shall evaluate spotting activity to determine whether ignition techniques can be adjusted or
       if environmental conditions are becoming unfavorable to proceed. If mitigation efforts are
       less than effective and spotting and or slop-overs begin to become problematic, ignition
       operations shall be terminated at the first available opportunity and operations will
       concentrate on holding and improving lines and mopping up perimeters.

       In the event that spot fires or slop-overs cannot be controlled within the first operational
       period by on site resources, or fire activity exceeds the production capability of on site
       resources, the Burn Boss shall convert the prescribed fire to wildfire status per Element 18
       below.

3. Additional Resources and Maximum Response Time(s):
   The following resources are typically available as contingency resources. The availability of
   contingency resources shall be identified prior to initiation of operations and be identified in
   the IAP for that operational period.




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                  Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


Contingency Resource                                       Response Time
Ocean Springs Fire Department Structural Engine            15 minutes
Oceans Springs Fire Department Brush Truck                 15 minutes
USFWS Tractor/Plow                                         45 minutes
USFWS Engine                                               30 minutes
USFWS/NPS 10 person crew                                   24 hours
Note: Resources listed as “contingency” in the IAP must be available to respond to the incident
within the specified timeframe. If the contingency resource becomes unavailable to respond to the
prescribed fire, it must be replaced immediately, as the burn is now out of prescription.

4. Regional Office Notification

   Parks are required to notify the Regional Fire Management Officer within 24 hours of any of
   the following actions taken on a prescribed fire that has escaped or is a threat to escape:
               a) any prescribed fire converted to a wildfire
               b) any prescribed fire requiring activation of the contingency resources or
                  operational time not accounted for in the Incident Action Plan
               c) any prescribed fire that requires additional resources or operational time not
                  accounted for in the Incident Action Plan




                          ELEMENT 18: WILDFIRE CONVERSION

       Holding actions will be undertaken as needed to contain the fire to the target area identified
       in the IAP. If the fire burns out of the targeted area into another part of the project area the
       Burn Boss will evaluate risks associated with this change. The Burn Boss will continue to
       manage the fire as a prescribed burn as long as fire remains in the project area and the
       potential for escape has not exceeded the capacity of on-site resources. If these conditions
       cannot be met, the Burn Boss will convert the prescribed fire to a wildfire.

       If spot fires or slop-overs occur outside of project area the Burn Boss or designee with
       appropriate qualifications will supervise suppression actions. If spot fires and/or slop-
       overs cannot be controlled within one burning period with on site resources, or exceeds the
       capabilities of onsite resources, the Burn Boss will convert the fire to a wildfire.

       When a prescribed fire is converted to a wildfire the following notifications will be
       undertaken:

                   GUIS Superintendent
                   GUIS Chief Ranger
                   NPS SER Fire Management Officer
                   Mississippi Forestry Commission




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                   Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


        The Burn Boss will assume the role of Incident Commander until relieved by an Incident
        Commander Type 3 (ICT3). Suppression actions will be taken in accordance with DOI 18
        and park policy to protect identified values at risk.

        Resources needed to implement the selected strategy will be ordered through the
        Mississippi Interagency Coordination Center (601-528-6203) and the strategy
        implemented.

        A WFSA will be completed by the IC with assistance from GUIS FMO to determine the
        appropriate fire strategy in accordance with DO18 and park policy. Once declared a
        wildfire, the fire may not be returned to prescribed fire status. The WFSA will define all
        future appropriate management response.

        All escaped fires will be reviewed per NPS policy.

                 ELEMENT 19: SMOKE MANAGEMENT AND AIR QUALITY

A. Compliance and Permits:
Gulf Islands National Seashore, Davis Bayou Management Unit, is located within the state of
Mississippi and as such must comply with established smoke management guidelines administered
by the Mississippi Forestry Commission. As such, the Burn Boss must comply with Mississippi
Administrative Code by:

    On the day of the burn the fire manager should report the following information to the
    Mississippi Forestry Commission office (phone:1-800-240-5161) when requesting a burn
    permit:
        Type of burning (agricultural of forestry)
        Number of acres
        Forestry Purpose (hazard reduction, control undesirable species,etc.)
        Landowner Name, address, and phone number
        Person responsible for fire and contact info
        Property location by township, section, and range
        Beginning and end date and time of fire

B. Smoke Sensitive Areas/Receptors (see smoke management map)
Identification and distance to nearest downwind smoke sensitive areas:

US Highway 90                       1 mile north of burn units

Ocean Springs Hospital              1.2 miles north of burn units

Magnolia Park Elementary School Immediately adjacent to the north Park burn unit boundary

Interstate 10:                      4 miles north of burn units

Residential Neighborhoods           Immediately adjacent to north, 1300 feet to the south




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                  Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




C. Impacted Areas:
It is anticipated that the most likely smoke impacts will be to the 12 residences ¼ mile south of the
burn units. The prescribed wind directions should minimize impacts to the other Smoke Sensitive
Areas identified above. Residual morning smoke may impact the elementary school area on the
day following the burn.

D. Mitigation Strategies and Techniques to Reduce Smoke Impacts:
The prescription parameters established for this plan should minimize most smoke impacts.
Burning during daytime hours will allow for most combustion to occur during the burning period
when smoke can be diluted and dispersed on transport winds.

The following mitigation measures will reduce potential smoke impacts:

      The burn boss will ensure that all relevant smoke management prescription elements are
       within prescription.
      The burn boss shall evaluate smoke impacts to roads, and if impacts are likely, establish
       mop-up standards as appropriate to reduce smoldering.
      Ignition will cease at least one hour before sunset.
      Daily burned acreages will be limited based on anticipated and observed smoke production.
      The FMO or designee will contact park employees and local residents about pending
       prescribed fire operations. Employees or residents who are smoke sensitive due to health
       reasons (asthma etc.), should be offered alternatives to exposure (i.e. work at home,
       temporary lodging, etc.).
      The burn boss may designate resources to post Prescribed Fire and Smoke Ahead signs
       along nearby highways and roads based on forecast weather conditions.
      If smoke induced fog is anticipated, the burn boss will assign personnel to either late shift
       or early morning shift to monitor smoke on road issues.
      If required, the burn boss through the Chief Ranger shall task law enforcement or burn
       personnel with traffic duties to slow down road traffic, implement one-way traffic, or
       escort pilot car through smoke impacted areas.

                                 ELEMENT 20: MONITORING

Monitoring associated with prescribed fire operations ensures prescription elements are valid for
meeting stated objectives, documents pre- and post-fire conditions, ensures progress toward
desired future conditions is being made, and short and long term objectives are being realized.
Monitoring on this project will occur pre-burn, during operations, and post-burn.

   Pre-Burn Monitoring
   NPS FMH fire effects plots are established and maintained by the NATR Fire Effects
   Monitoring Crew. Pre-fire treatment data will be collected on these plots according to the Fire
   Monitoring Plan for these monitoring types. GUIS staff shall monitor environmental
   conditions to determine when a particular burn unit may come into prescription and coordinate
   with GRSM FUM.


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                  Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




   Burn Operations
   A qualified Fire Effects Monitor (FEMO) will be assigned for each treatment. During the
   burn, on site monitoring will be conducted by the FEMO. The FEMO will be responsible for
   the collection and documentation of weather, smoke, and fire behavior observations according
   to National Park Service monitoring protocols. The FEMO will also maintain constant
   communication with the Burn Boss, Firing Boss, and holding forces to ensure safe operations
   when working within the burn. Following the burn, the FEMO will complete a fire monitoring
   report that summarizes weather and fire behavior observations in relation to ignition operations
   and any initial observations of first order fire effects.

   Post-Fire
   Long-term evaluation of the burn will be conducted by NATR fire effects staff to document
   fire related changes over time and to ensure long-term objectives are being met. This
   monitoring will comply with current NPS standards for the monitoring type.

   In addition to standard FMH plots, project-level fuel load monitoring and photographic
   monitoring may occur for some units with Davis Bayou. For example, in addition to the
   existing standard FMH plot, permanent photo points and permanent fuel loading transects
   have been installed within the Park burn unit.



                           ELEMENT 21: POST-BURN ACTIVITIES

The Burn Boss assigned to each treatment unit will initiate a fire file to document all aspects of the
prescribed fire. The Burn Boss shall keep a copy of all fire file documents for GRSM FUM
records and provide GUIS with the original files.
Items to be included in the fire file include:
                      ICS 214s for each operational period (including unit prep)
                      Cost estimates
                      IAPs
                      Performance Evaluation of Trainees Assigned
                      Copies of Go / No-Go and Administrator Approval Documents
                      After Action Review documentation
                      FEMO Postburn Report with the following recommended contents:
                              Fire Name
                              Resources Assigned (Number and Type)
                              Acres Burned
                              Burn Objectives
                              Ignition Type and Pattern
                              Holding Strategy
                              Fuel Moisture Information (1000hr, live woody, and herbaceous, 1000-hr),
                               foliar)
                              Drought Index Information


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                 Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


                             Fire Behavior Indices
                             Prescription Information
                             Test Burn Description
                             Chronology of Ignition
                             Chronology of Fire Behavior
                             Chronology of Significant Events
                             Chronology of Smoke Movement and Dispersal
                             Temperature (range, min/max)
                             Relative Humidity (range, min/max)
                             Accuracy of Spot Forecast
                             Initial Qualitative Assessment of results (objectives achieved?)
                             Future monitoring plan for area (plots, photo points)
                             Additional Comments

GUIS staff are responsible for the following post-fire documentation:
                     A Fire Report DI-1202 will be entered into the BLM WFMIS within 10
                      days of the fire being declared out. BLM WFIMS can be accessed at:
                      http://www.nifc.blm.gov/
                     Project accomplishments will be documented within the NFPORS web site
                      within 10 days of the fire being declared out. This web site can be accessed
                      at: https://www.nfpors.gov/index.cfm


                                          APPENDICES

A.   Maps: Vicinity and Project
B.   Technical Review Checklist
C.   Complexity Analysis
D.   Job Hazard Analysis
E.   Fire Behavior Modeling Documentation




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               Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


A: MAPS
Vicinity Map




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                             Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan
GUIS Davis Bayou Project Area Map:




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Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan



     Park Block Project Area Map




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         Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan



Smoke Trajectory Map: Davis Bayou MS, GUIS Units




                                                                              34
                        Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




                                   A. TECHNICAL REVIEWER CHECKLIST

PRESCRIBED FIRE PLAN ELEMENTS:                     S /U   COMMENTS
  1.     Signature page                              S
  2.     GO/NO-GO Checklists                         S
  3.     Complexity Analysis Summary                 S
  4.     Description of the Prescribed Fire Area     S
  5.     Goals and Objectives                        S
  6.     Funding                                     S
  7.     Prescription                                S
  8.     Scheduling                                  S
  9.     Pre-burn Considerations                     S
  10. Briefing                                       S
                                                          Consider using “ATV/UTV” instead of
  11. Organization and Equipment                     S
                                                          “ATV/Mule/Gator”
  12. Communication                                  S
  13. Public and Personnel Safety, Medical           S
  14. Test Fire                                      S
  15. Ignition Plan                                  S
  16. Holding Plan                                   S
  17. Contingency Plan                               S
  18. Wildfire Conversion                            S
  19. Smoke Management and Air Quality               S
  20. Monitoring                                     S
  21. Post-burn Activities                           S
  Appendix A: Maps                                   S
  Appendix C: Complexity Analysis                    S
  Appendix D: JHA                                    S
  Appendix E: Fire Prediction Modeling Runs          S
  Other
S = Satisfactory           U = Unsatisfactory


                   Recommended for Approval: X              Not Recommended for Approval: ____

    Shawn K Nagle                                  RXB2 (Current)                               1/10/08

   Technical Reviewer                Qualification and currency (Y/N)                 Date

        Approval is recommended subject to the completion of all requirements listed in the comments
         section, or on the Prescribed Fire Plan.



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                   Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




                                    C: COMPLEXITY ANALYSIS

Complexity elements:
                                             1. Potential for Escape
  Risk                           Rationale
  Preliminary Rating:            Elevated fuel loadings due to fire exclusion.
                                 Moderate rates of spread could occur in spot fires under wind driven conditions.
   Moderate
  Final Rating:                  Units are relatively small in size with easy access by engine. Fuel break
                                 clearing and snagging have mitigated fuel concentrations along current proposed
  Moderate                       unit holding boundaries.

  Potential Consequences         Rationale
  Preliminary Rating:            Private residences along portions of the unit boundary.
                                 Some park infrastructure adjacent to units.
  Moderate

  Final Rating:                  Private residences and park infrastructure have reasonable defensible space and
                                 much of it is manicured or irrigated landscaping. Plan includes intensive
  Moderate                       notification of the public and adjacent landowners.

  Technical Difficulty           Rationale
  Preliminary Rating:            90% of the unit boundaries are accessible by Type 6 engine; the remainder by
                                 ATV. Most implementation personnel will be non-local. Multiple types of
  Moderate                       resources will be involved in holding operations.

  Final Rating:                  Crews will scout critical holding areas on any units, especially along the park
                                 boundary. Resources may be pre-positioned in these areas to allow rapid
  Moderate                       response in the event of spot fires.



                                2. The Number and Dependency of Activities
  Risk                     Rationale
  Preliminary Rating:      Straightforward burn implementation techniques with hand ignition most likely. Only
                           one unit will be burned each day, and in most cases, only one unit per year due to the
  Moderate                 small size of the park district.
                           Close coordination required among igniters and between igniters and holding in larger
                           units to ensure objectives are met.

  Final Rating:            Burn Boss will ensure adequate communications exist and that look outs are posted
                           where needed to ensure communications and coordination can occur. The Firing Boss
  Moderate                 shall maintain communications with ignition personnel, holding forces, and look outs
                           to ensure coordination of actions.



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                 Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


Potential                Rationale
Consequences
Preliminary Rating:      Failure to coordinate interior ignition operations with holding (or perimeter firing)
                         operations could result in either a high likelihood of escape and / or injury to assigned
Moderate                 resources.

Final Rating:            Burn Boss will ensure adequate communications exist and that look outs are posted
                         where needed to ensure communications and coordination can occur. The Firing Boss
Moderate                 shall maintain communications with ignition personnel, holding forces, and look outs
                         to ensure coordination of actions.


Technical Difficulty     Rationale
Preliminary Rating:      Multiple types of resources involved who may not have worked together in the past.
                         Vegetation may make visual contact difficult. Radio contact between ignition and
Moderate                 holding forces will be necessary to maintain adequate coordination and reduce the risk
                         of escape or injury. Complex topography and/or access in units with tidal marsh areas.

Final Rating:            Thorough briefings will ensure roles and responsibilities are clearly defined.
                         Communication plans have been established and identified in the burn plan and will be
Moderate                 addressed day of burn in IAPs. Lookouts will be established on those burn units where
                         vision and communications may be impaired.

                                              3. Off-Site Values
Risk                           Rationale
Preliminary Rating:             Private land and structures are adjacent to the burn unit boundary.
                               Park infrastructure adjacent to burn unit boundary.
Moderate
                               Area receives light visitor use.

Final Rating:                  No change.
Moderate

Potential Consequences         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:            Escaped fire may cause limited damage or serious consequences to off-site
                               values, improvements, infrastructure, or private lands.
Moderate                       Vegetation adjacent to units that are not developed is southern mixed hardwood
                               which needs fire but has undergone fire exclusion fire an extended period.
                               Visitor access to trails may be restricted for a short period of time.

Final Rating:                  Consequences of not burning would be likely uncontrolled wildfires under drier
                               conditions. Prescribed fire is the best fuels mitigation technique in keeping with
Moderate                       achieving park resources management objectives.

Technical Difficulty           Rationale

Preliminary Rating:            Protection of the off-site values requires some special management, a moderate
                               skill level and good team coordination, particularly at the critical holding points.
Moderate
Final Rating:                  No change.
Moderate




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                 Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan




                                           4. On-Site Values
Risk                         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Minimal park infrastructure within burn units. Overstory Longleaf pine is
                             considered of high value but will benefit from the burn if burn objectives are
Moderate                     achieved.

Final Rating:                Prep work to reduce fuel loads has been or will be completed prior to ignition
Moderate                     operations. Pre-treatment will occur as ignition progresses. No unusual efforts
                             anticipated.

Potential Consequences       Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Vegetation areas of interest including Longleaf Pine are unique remnant
                             populations that may be damaged if burn is unsuccessful in achieving
Moderate                     objectives.
                             Fire could damage park infrastructure if prep work and holding is unsuccessful.

Final Rating:                No change
Moderate

Technical Difficulty         Rationale

Preliminary Rating:          No special skills or operating procedures are required.

Moderate
Final Rating:                Burn plan prescription and objectives development should preclude adverse
Moderate                     effects on vegetation. Monitors and Burnboss will observe burn conditions to
                             ensure hazardous fuel and resources management objectives can be met and shut
                             down burn if not.

                                    5. Fire Behavior
Risk                         Rationale

Preliminary Rating:          Fuel loads vary within units both in loading and arrangement. More than one
                             fuel model present within most units. Isolated torching is to be expected.
Moderate

Final Rating:                Fire behavior will be closely monitored and the burn checked or shut down if
Moderate                     prescription is exceeded or undesirable effects are anticipated.


Potential Consequences       Rationale

Preliminary Rating:          Fire behavior outside of the primary unit boundary would be about the same as
                             that experienced within the unit. Due to the relatively small size of the units,
Moderate                     spots will not have much time to develop before they are suppressed or reach
                             fuel breaks.

Final Rating:                No change
Moderate
Technical Difficulty         Rationale




                                                                                                                38
                 Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


Preliminary Rating:           Many personnel will have limited experience burning adjacent to tidal marsh
                             areas or using boats for monitoring fires.
Moderate

Final Rating:                Crews will be briefed on critical holding areas and resources may be pre-
Moderate                     positioned in these areas. Any units with tidal marsh areas will include a special
                             briefing addressing these areas. Any personnel transported by boat will receive
                             a thorough briefing.


                                    6. Management Organization
Risk                         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          A number of key positions will require fully qualified personnel.
High                         Other staff and technical specialists may be needed (Information, Safety)


Final Rating:                Information and safety functions will be filled as the burn boss deems necessary.
Moderate

Potential Consequences       Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Problems related to supervision or communication may cause failure to meet
                             some objectives, an increased chance of escaped fire, or violation of safety
Moderate                     standards.

Final Rating:                Thorough briefings and a detailed communication plan in the IAP should
  Moderate                   address communication concerns. Burnboss can shut down additional ignition if
                             he/she feels that the organization is being taxed by the current operation.

Technical Difficulty         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Numerous types and varied resources, unusual fuel complexes and proximity to
                             smoke sensitive areas and wildland urban interface. The Burn Boss and/or two
High                         primary team members will need to be ordered from outside the local unit and
                             may not be familiar with local factors. RXB1 suggested.

Final Rating:                Although some resources will be non-local, many of these resources burn
Moderate                     together frequently, especially those in key management positions. Adequate
                             time will be given prior to burning for crews to become acquainted with each
                             other and with the burn units. RXB2 suggested.




                                    7. Public and Political Interest
Risk                         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          The prescribed fire is highly visible to the public with Highway 90 adjacent to
                             the project area. Media are interested in the project and may desire to be present
High                         on-site during some phases of the project. This will be the first burn in several
                             years in this area and the first large burn in this area since the park was
                             established.



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                 Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


Final Rating:                An information position will be assigned to disseminate information prior to the
Moderate                     burn and to handle local interest during burn operations. This aggressive
                             information campaign should minimize any “surprise” factor on burn day.
                             Additionally, both the Seashore and nearby land management organizations
                             frequently burn so the concept of prescribed fire is not new to this area.


Potential Consequences       Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Unexpected or adverse events would attract some public, political, or media
                             attention and may delay implementation of other projects. News release and/or
Moderate                     local news briefings would be required.

Final Rating:                No change.
  Moderate

Technical Difficulty         Rationale

Preliminary Rating:          Requires dedicated time from the unit public affairs officer and or Agency
                             Administrator. Public information stations may be warranted. Some specific
Moderate                     members of the public may need to be notified directly.

Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate

                                    8. Fire Treatment Objectives
Risk                         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Both resources management and hazardous fuel reduction objectives. Careful
                             planning and implementation necessary to ensure objectives are being met.
Moderate                     Long term monitoring will require use of cluster fire effects crew.

Final Rating:                Prescription elements and close monitoring of burn operations by the Burnboss
  Moderate                   and FEMO will allow evaluation of whether is appears likely that objectives
                             will be achieved.

Potential Consequences       Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Failure to achieve resources management objectives could result in excessive
Moderate                     overstory mortality.

Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate
Technical Difficulty         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Multiple facets to monitoring weather, fuels, and fire behavior information to
Moderate                     ensure that objectives will be achieved. Long term monitoring required.

Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate




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                 Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


                                             9. Constraints
Risk                         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Some constraints exist on access to parts of the project area. Availability of Fire
                             Use Modules and other local supplemental resources may be limited. Specific
Moderate                     wind directions needed to minimize public impact.

Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate
Potential Consequences       Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Some burn windows may be unavailable due to the constraints and may cause
                             the project to be implemented under less than optimal conditions.
Moderate

Final Rating:                Every effort will be made to conduct the burn in January or February when
Moderate                     conditions are most favorable and weather patterns most consistent.


Technical Difficulty         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Constraints may increase the difficulty associated with completing the project.
                             Multiple trips to the park by the FUM may be required to complete all phases of
Moderate                     the project.

Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate

                                               10. Safety
Risk                         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Significant safety issues have been identified. Detailed briefings are needed to
                             raise safety consciousness of all involved. Most safety hazards have been
Moderate                     mitigated but some remain that require special concern, especially with regard
                             to snags and ditches.

Final Rating:                Each operational period briefing and AAR will directly address public and
Moderate                     firefighter safety in order to keep it in the forefront of peoples minds.

Potential Consequences       Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Moderate potential exists for more serious accidents/injuries to firefighters and
                             the public.
Moderate

Final Rating:                A medical plan will be included with each IAP and reviewed during briefings.
Moderate
Technical Difficulty         Rationale

Preliminary Rating:           Mitigation of identified and potential safety concerns has been addressed in the
                             plan and will be implemented.
Moderate
Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate




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                 Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan

                                  11. Ignition Procedures/Methods
Risk                         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Firing sequence and timing are somewhat critical, coordination will be required.
                             Visibility on some units may be limited in areas due to fuels and topography.
Moderate
Final Rating:                Coordination between igniters and between igniters and holding forces will be
                             maintained by the firing boss. Burn Boss and FEMO will be additional “eyes”
Moderate                     on activities. Look-outs will be assigned if necessary to maintain coordination
                             and safety.

Potential Consequences       Rationale

Preliminary Rating:          The coordination of firing efforts must be maintained to meet objectives and
                             provide for safety of personnel and minimize potential for escape or spotting. In
Moderate                     the event of problems, ignition patterns or timing can be adjusted or halted at
                             numerous locations.

Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate
Technical Difficulty         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Specialized firing equipment may be needed on units with tidal marsh areas.
                             Coordination of efforts and adjustments to timing will require active control of
Moderate                     igniters and holders. A qualified Firing Boss will be used on all burn units.

Final Rating:                All personnel will receive briefing on use of special firing devices and when
Moderate                     their use will be authorized.

                                    12. Interagency Coordination
Risk                         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Project requires some coordination with local partners and NPS modules for
                             implementation including providing resources.
Moderate

Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate

Potential Consequences       Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Problems with module coordination may delay project implementation
Moderate
Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate
Technical Difficulty         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Implementation may require special attention to certain interagency details such
                             as communications and standards for operations. There may be some
Moderate                     restrictions on use of cooperator’s resources.

Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate




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                 Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan

                                          13. Project Logistics
Risk                         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Project is largely self sufficient with most supplies readily available. One or
                             two pieces of specialized equipment are needed (boat) on some units.
Moderate
Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate
Potential Consequences       Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          No logistical problems are anticipated.
Moderate
Final Rating:                No change.
Moderate
Technical Difficulty         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          No special logistical support is required, Fire Use Modules and other non-local
Low                          resources are largely self sufficient.

Final Rating:                No change.
Low

                                         14. Smoke Management
Risk                         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Smoke concerns are high and smoke will be readily visible to the public and last
  High                       several days. Smoke exposure or amounts may cause some health and safety
                             concerns. Visibility along Highway 90 and at the Magnolia Park elementary
                             school are a concern, especially during morning hours following the burn.

Final Rating:                No change.
  High
Potential Consequences       Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Vistas, roads, and residences may experience longer-term decreases in visibility
                             OR significant decreases in visibility over the short-term. Major smoke
High                         intrusions may occur into smoke sensitive areas.

Final Rating:                Prescription elements should mitigate smoke impacts. Additionally, visibility
High                         monitoring, personnel available to assist with traffic control, and mitigation
                             efforts for smoke production listed in this plan will help minimize impacts.

Technical Difficulty         Rationale
Preliminary Rating:          Some considerations are needed in the prescription OR ignition portions of the
Moderate                     plan. Burn windows are reduced by the required wind direction and dispersion
                             conditions. Some mitigation measures (public information, highway signage)
                             and monitoring (highway visibility) are necessary.

Final Rating:                Accelerated mop-up may be planned to reduce smoke impacts.
Moderate




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                     Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan



                                COMPLEXITY RATING SUMMARY


OVERALL RATING OF RISK:                                                 MODERATE


OVERALL RATING OF POTENTIAL CONSEQUENCES:                               MODERATE


OVERALL RATING OF TECHNICAL DIFFICULTY:                                 MODERATE


SUMMARY COMPLEXITY RATING:                                              MODERATE


RATIONALE: This project rates as a moderate due to inherent difficulties associated with burning in the
wildland urban interface in areas of high public use, elevated fuel loadings due to hurricane impacts,
coordination efforts required between the park and FUM, and coordination and communication required
during operations. All of the complexity elements have been addressed in this plan and mitigation techniques
identified both to minimize risk and to minimize potential consequences. A fully qualified RXB2, SRB, and
FIRB are required to implement this plan as written.




Prepared by:   Caroline Noble, RXB2                            Date:     1/9/2008


Approved by:                                                  Date:
                   (Agency Administrator)




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                                              Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan



                                                               B. JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS
            U.S. Department of the Interior            1. WORK PROJECT/ACTIVITY                     2. LOCATION                                            3. UNIT
                 National Park Service
                                                          Prescribe Fire Operations                      SE Region Park Service Units                          GRSM FUM
         JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS (JHA)                     4. NAME OF ANALYST                           5. JOB TITLE                                           6. DATE PREPARED
   References-DM-18, RM18, Fireline Handbook,
     Interagency Prescribed Fire Planning and
      Implementation Proceedures Ref. Guide                         David Loveland                       Fire Management Specialist                            10/02/2006
                 7. TASKS/PROCEDURES                                   8. HAZARDS                                              9. MITIGATION
*Travel to, from and on Project.                                Motor vehicle accidents    Driving Defensively. Use seat belts. Identify road conditions and hazards during
                                                                Slippery road              briefings. Use Headlights and overheads. Perform preuse inspections on equipment.
                                                                surfaces,soft              Scout roads and identify turnouts before ignition of project. Maintain communications.
                                                                shoulders,unimproved       Provide road system map for project. Use Backers and chock vehicle tires. Have
                                                                and narrow                 vehicles facing out.
                                                                roadways. Weather
                                                                 darkness, smoke.
*Qualifications For assigned Position                           Lack of Experience         Workers used on burn assignments shall meet age,health, and physical requirements
                                                                Injuries                   established for arduous firefighting duties. Positions will be filled using fully qualified
                                                                                           persons or trainees meeting 310-1 requirements AND be assigned with a dedicated
                                                                                           trainer.
*Briefing                                                       Lack of communications     Provide an operational briefing before each shift. Briefing will clarify organization,
                                                                                           responsibilities, communications, hazards, weather, expected fire behavior, and
                                                                                           medical plan.
*Protective Clothing and equipment                              Injuries,burns and death   Wear Hard hat with chin strap, safety glasses, Nomex Fire resistant pants and shirts
                                                                                           NFPA 1977 compliant. Keep sleeves rolled down. Wear leather,lace type, boots with
                                                                                           skid resistant soles, and tops at least 8 inches high. Carry drinking water and fire
                                                                                           shelter. Wear OSHA approved firefighting gloves. wear hearing protection when
                                                                                           working around equipment where noise level exceeds 90 dba. Wear additional
                                                                                           protective equipment as dictated by local conditions and exposure to special
                                                                                           equipment.
*Lighters                                                       Injuries and death         Always have an escape route . Maintain LCES. Follow the Standard Fire Orders and
                                                                falls,snags,bees,          Watch Out Situations. Maintain communications with other Lighters and Firing Boss.
                                                                snakes,smoke, burns,       Hand held radios shall be provided to all lighters. Do not fill drip torches near ignition
                                                                rolling material.          sources. Avoid spilling drip torch fuel on clothing.
*Fuel Mixing                                                     Burns, spills, fuel       No smoking within 25 feet of mixing and filling area. Do not fill or mix in pick up beds
                                                                saturated clothing and     with bed liners. Avoid the use of cellular telephones in and around fill or mixing area.
                                                                boots.                     Avoid fuel contact with bare hands, clothing and boots. Provide pour spouts. Use only
                                                                                           approved fuel containers for storage and transport.


*Holding/Mop Up/Patrol Crews                                    Smoke,burns,Falls,         Wear PPE's listed above. LCES, Follow Standard Fire Orders and
                                                                back injuries, bees,       Watch out Situations. Identify hazards in work area. Flag hazards for others. Use
                                                                posion oak,snags,          warning lights and provide traffic control on roadways during smoky and night
                                                                rolling material,eye       operations. Maintaining a high level of aerobic fitness is one of the best ways to protect
                                                                injuries. Heat Stress.     yourself against heat stress. Drink lots of fluids before,during and after work.
                                                                Dehydration                Periodically




                                                                                                                                                                               45
                               Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan

                                                 CO Poisoning                    rotate crews from work sites with high smoke levels to areas of less smoke or smoke
                                                                                 free areas. Protective clothing and equipment shall be the same as required for
                                                                                 firefighting. Crews shall follow all guidelines in the NWCG Fireline Handbook Chapter 5
                                                                                 Firefighting Safety ( Rev. 3/2004 or latest ).
                                                                                 Maintain communications with the Firing Boss.
*Hand Tools                                      Puncture wounds, cuts,          Ensure tools are maintained in safe condition through regular inspection and
                                                 splinters                       maintenance. Monitor employee performance to ensure safe practices are employed.
                                                                                 Maintain safe distances between personell when working or hiking. Keep tools
                                                                                 sheathed when not in use. Properly store tools for transport.
*Chain Saw Operation                             Inexperienced operators,        Sawyers and swampers shall have completed S212 and be red carded or under the
                                                 snags / widow makers,           supervision of a qualified sawyer. Call out appropriate warnings during falling
                                                 saw cut injuries, falling       operations. Be aware of adjacent ongoing operations and crews, warn all on site
                                                 hazards                         personnel of pending falling operations and locations. Be aware of and maintain
                                                                                 situational awareness of snags, broken limbs, and hang-ups. Use spotters. Sawyers
                                                                                 and swampers shall where all required PPE including chaps. Avoid contacting bar tip
                                                                                 with objects to reduce potential for kick-back. Use proper felling techniques and
                                                                                 proceedures.
*Portable Pump Operation                         Burns from pump motor,          Operator must have completed S211. Ensure pump is set up correctly and in a secure
                                                 refueling hazards, draft        position. Use proper lifting and carrying techniques, ask for assistance. Watch footing
                                                 site injuries, back injuries    around water sources, be allert for slip hazards. Allow for required warm-up and cool
                                                                                 down times during use. Ensure pump has cooled prior to refueling. Where hearing
                                                                                 protection when operating pump. Advise other personnel prior to shutting down or
                                                                                 starting up pump.
*ATV Operation                                   Roll over, accidents            ATV operators shall be certified for ATV use. Maintain safe operating speeds for the
                                                                                 conditions. Avoid side hill situations. Do not overload racks in order to reduce
                                                                                 instability issues. Where approved helmets when not on burn units, or hard hats with
                                                                                 chin straps when on burn units. Full PPE Required for operation.
*Emergency Evacuation Procedures (EEP)           Serious illness                 Notify Burn Boss, request medical response from the responsible medical first
                                                 injuries                        responders. Provide type of injury,location,access, number of patients. Verify local host
                                                                                 park emergency response proceedures. Identify First Responders, EMTs and available
                                                                                 medical equipment on project during briefing.
*Boats                                           Drowning                        Throroughly inspect and maintain boats. Ensure operator is qualified. Know escape
                                                 Burnover/entrapment             routes and safety zones. Utilize ear protection with installed speakers or check in
                                                 Excessive Noise                 frequently by handheld radio. All occupants will utilize personal flotation devices.
                                                 obscures warnings
*
10. LINE OFFICER SIGNATURE                                                       11. TITLE                                                    12. DATE


                                                                        (over)




                                                                                                                                                                 46
                                                  Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan

                                      JHA Instructions                                                                   Emergency Evacuation Instructions

The JHA shall identify the location of the work project or activity, the name of employee(s)   Work supervisors and crew members are responsible for developing and discussing field
writing the JHA, the date(s) of development, and the name of the appropriate line officer      emergency evacuation procedures (EEP) and alternatives in the event a person(s)
approving it. The supervisor acknowledges that employees have read and understand the          becomes seriously ill or injured at the worksite.
contents, have received the required training, and are qualified to perform the work project
or activity.                                                                                   Be prepared to provide the following information:

Blocks 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6: Self-explanatory.                                                  a. Nature of the accident or injury (avoid using victim's name).
                                                                                                b. Type of assistance needed, if any (ground, air, or water evacuation)
Block 7: Identify all tasks and procedures associated with the work project or activity that    c. Location of accident or injury, best access route into the worksite (road name/number),
         have potential to cause injury or illness to personnel and damage to property or           identifiable ground/air landmarks.
         material. Include emergency evacuation procedures (EEP).                               d. Radio frequency(s).
                                                                                                e. Contact person.
Block 8: Identify all known or suspect hazards associated with each respective                  f. Local hazards to ground vehicles or aviation.
         task/procedure listed in block 7. For example:                                         g. Weather conditions (wind speed & direction, visibility, temp).
           a. Research past accidents/incidents                                                 h. Topography.
                                                                                                i. Number of person(s) to be transported
           b. Research the Health and Safety Code, or other appropriate literature.             j. Estimated weight of passengers for air/water evacuation.
           c. Discuss the work project/activity with participants
                                                                                               The items listed above serve only as guidelines for the development of emergency
           d. Observe the work project/activity                                                evacuation procedures.
           e. A combination of the above

Block 9: Identify appropriate actions to reduce or eliminate the hazards identified in block              JHA and Emergency Evacuation Procedures Acknowledgment
          8. Abatement measures listed below are in the order of the preferred abatement       We, the undersigned work leader and crew members, acknowledge participation in the
          method:                                                                              development of this JHA (as applicable) and accompanying emergency evacuation
           a. Engineering Controls (the most desirable method of abatement).                   procedures. We have thoroughly discussed and understand the provisions of each of these
               For example, ergonomically designed tools, equipment, and                       documents:
               furniture.
           b. Substitution. For example, switching to high flash point, non-toxic solvents.            SIGNATURE              DATE                   SIGNATURE              DATE
           c. Administrative Controls. For example, limiting exposure by reducing the work
               schedule; establishing appropriate procedures and practices.
                d. PPE (least desirable method of abatement). For example, using hearing                       Work Leader
                protection when working with or close to portable machines
               (chain saws, rock drills portable water pumps)
          e. A combination of the above.

 Block 10: The JHA must be reviewed and approved by a line officer. Attach a
           copy of the JHA as justification for purchase orders when procuring
           PPE.

 Blocks 11 and 12: Self-explanatory.




                                                                                                                                                                                   47
                  Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan

                   E. FIRE BEHAVIOR MODELING DOCUMENTATION
Fire behavior modeling was performed using BEHAVE Plus v.3.0.1. Fuels were modeled using
FM9 for conifers given that both are well represented both within the prescribed burn units and
adjacent to them. The shrub component of the pine Flatwoods is too low for it to be considered as a
FM7. See Plan Element 7 for the acceptable and optimum prescription parameters.


Escaped fire parameters for a spot fire using FM9. Fire size assumes .5 hour burning time
from a spot ignition source.

  Fire Behavior Element        Prescription        Prescription       Prescription
                              Hot End- FM9          Hot End –         Optimum –
                                                      FM3                FM 9
Flame Length (feet)                  2.9               13.5               1.8
Rate of Spread                       8.1              112.8               3.2
(chains/hour)
Midflame Wind Speed                   5                  5                  3
(mph)
Fire Perimeter (chains)              10                143                  4
Length / Width Ratio                 2.1                2.1                1.8
Forward Distance (chains)            4.1               56.4                1.6
Backing Distance (chains)             .3                3.5                 .2
Maximum Width (chains)                2                28.2                 1
Probability of Ignition (%)          65                 68                 29
Production Rate                     15.6               120                 5.9
(chains/hour)
Contained Area (acres)               1.7                n/a                 .3




                                                                                                  48
                                   Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan



                                      ADEQUATE HOLDING RESOURCES WORKSHEET
Fuel Models Inside Project Area:        FM9                Fuel Models Outside Project Area:    FM9
       Prepared By/Date:        Caroline Noble 1/9/08      _
                                                                               Modeling Predictions
                                                   Modeling Predictions         Outside of project
                                                     Inside the project area            area
 Characteristics              Output type                     FM9                       FM3                                           Unit of Measure
 CRITICAL             1 Hr Fuel Moisture                         5                          5                                        %
 FIRE INPUTS          Eye-Level Wind Speed                       5                          5                                        MPH
                      Live Woody Moist.                         50                        50                                         %
                      Slope                                      0                          0                                        %
 KEY                  Rate of Spread (ROS)                     8,1                       113                                         ch/hr
 FIRE BEHAVIOR Fireline Intensity                              292                       437                                         BTU/ft/sec
 OUTPUTS              Flame Length                             2.9                       13.5                                        Feet
                      Probability of Ignition                   65                        68                                         %
                      Spotting Distance                        0.2                        0.5                                        Miles
                      Scorch Height                             12                        n/a                                        Feet
 FIRE SIZE            Projection Time                           .5                         .5                                        Hours
                      Forward Spread                           4.1                       56.4                                        Chains
                      Backward Spread                           .3                        3.5                                        Chains
 FIRE                 Method Of Attack                        head                        n/a                                        Head/Rear
 CONTAINMENT          Fire Area                                 .7                       132                                         Acres
                      Fire Perimeter                            10                       143                                         Chains
                      Total Line Building Rate                14.8                       120                                         Ch/hr
 1. Choose greater total line building rate from inside and outside the
 project area                                                                           *14.8                                        Ch/hr
 2. Estimate potential number spot fires or slopovers at one time:                          1
 3. TOTAL LINE BUILDING RATE NEEDED
 (multiply line 1 times line 2)                                                          14.8                                        Ch/hr

        On Site                  Total #           Total #            Total # Available                  Line                           Spot Fire or
      Organization                 On           Dedicated to           for Spot Fire or                Building                          Slopover
                                  Burn           Prescribed                Slopover                   Production                       Line Building
                                                    Fire                    Control                     Rates                            Capacity
 Overhead               4                            2    X                    2                          2.0             ch/hr               4
 Firing Crew            3                            2    X                    1                          2.0             ch/hr               2
 Engine (Crew of 3)     2                            1    X                    1                           7              ch/hr               7
 Holding Squad          6                            2    X                    4                          2.0             ch/hr               8
 4. TOTAL CAPACITY                                                                                                         Ch/hr             21
 3. TOTAL LINE BUILDING RATE NEEDED (from table above)                                                                     Ch/hr            14.8
 5. DETERMINATION OF ADEQUATE HOLDING RESOURCES (Line 4 minus Line 3)                                                     ch/hr              +5

Note: Production rates and adequate holding forces calculated on worst case scenarios (extreme high end of prescription). Line production
rates required under more moderate conditions will be lower. Production rates are derived from Fireline Handbook, March, 2004 for Fuel
Model 9, conifers. FM9 was chosen rather than FM7 because the shrub component in these pine stands is low.

  *FM3 is modeled for documentation purposes but not for calculation of adequate holding resources. The tidal marsh contained only in some
  burn units will not be intentionally ignited and are expected to serve as a barrier to fire spread. In the event that fire does creep and run in the
  marsh, the marsh is patchy in density and all unit boundaries contain significant portions of open water or mudflats adjacent to any tidal
  marsh area. For this reason, fire will not be directly suppressed in tidal marsh areas but will be allowed to go out naturally. The burn boss
  may elect to burn out small areas of marsh within the burn units in order to expedite the time required to monitor and patrol these areas.



                                                                                                                                                   49
   Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


                                  BehavePlus 3.0.1 (Build 261)

                                 Mon, Jan 07, 2008 at 13:26:55

Input Worksheet: FM 9 at Hot End of prescription
Modules: SURFACE, SIZE, CONTAIN, SPOT, SCORCH,
IGNITE

Input Variables                                       Input Value(s) Units

Fuel/Vegetation, Surface/Understory

    Fuel Model                                                   9

Fuel/Vegetation, Overstory

    Canopy Height                                                45 ft

    Tree Height                                                  45 ft

    Spot Tree Species                                       PINPAL

    D.B.H.                                                       10 in

Fuel Moisture

    1-h Moisture                                                 5 %

    10-h Moisture                                                6 %

    100-h Moisture                                               7 %

    Live Herbaceous Moisture                                          %

    Live Woody Moisture                                          50 %

Weather

    20-ft Wind Speed (upslope)                                   15 mi/h

    Wind Adjustment Factor                                       .3

    Air Temperature                                              89 oF

    Fuel Shading from the Sun                                    50 %

Terrain

    Slope Steepness                                              0 %

    Ridge-to-Valley Elevation Difference                         0 ft

    Ridge-to-Valley Horizontal Distance                               mi

    Spotting Source Location

Fire




                                                                             50
         Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


          Number of Torching Trees                                   1

          Elapsed Time                                              .5 h

      Suppression

          Suppression Tactic                                      Head

          Line Construction Offset                                   0 ch

          Resource Line Production Rate                             21 ch/h

          Resource Arrival Time                                     .1 h

          Resource Duration                                          8 h

      Notes


      Run Option Notes

      Results
      Output Variable                               Value Units

      Surface Rate of Spread (maximum)                 8.1 ch/h

      Flame Length                                     2.9 ft

      Area                                             0.7 ac

      Perimeter                                        10 ch

      Length-to-Width Ratio                            2.1

      Forward Spread Distance                          4.1 ch

      Backing Spread Distance                          0.3 ch

      Fire Length                                      4.3 ch

      Maximum Fire Width                               2.0 ch

      Time from Report                                 0.8 h

      Contain Status                             Contained

      Contained Area                                   1.7 ac

      Fireline Constructed                            15.6 ch

      Spot Dist from Torching Trees                    0.2 mi

      Scorch Height                                    12 ft

      Probability of Ignition from a Firebrand         65 %


End




                                                                              51
   Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


                                  BehavePlus 3.0.1 (Build 261)

                                 Mon, Jan 07, 2008 at 13:36:26

Input Worksheet: FM9 under optimum conditions
Modules: SURFACE, SIZE, CONTAIN, SPOT, SCORCH,
IGNITE

Input Variables                                       Input Value(s) Units

Fuel/Vegetation, Surface/Understory

    Fuel Model                                                   9

Fuel/Vegetation, Overstory

    Canopy Height                                                45 ft

    Tree Height                                                  45 ft

    Spot Tree Species                                       PINPAL

    D.B.H.                                                       10 in

Fuel Moisture

    1-h Moisture                                                 10 %

    10-h Moisture                                                11 %

    100-h Moisture                                               12 %

    Live Herbaceous Moisture                                          %

    Live Woody Moisture                                          50 %

Weather

    20-ft Wind Speed (upslope)                                   10 mi/h

    Wind Adjustment Factor                                       .3

    Air Temperature                                              70 oF

    Fuel Shading from the Sun                                    50 %

Terrain

    Slope Steepness                                              0 %

    Ridge-to-Valley Elevation Difference                         0 ft

    Ridge-to-Valley Horizontal Distance                               mi

    Spotting Source Location

Fire




                                                                             52
         Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


          Number of Torching Trees                                   1

          Elapsed Time                                              .5 h

      Suppression

          Suppression Tactic                                      Head

          Line Construction Offset                                   0 ch

          Resource Line Production Rate                             21 ch/h

          Resource Arrival Time                                     .1 h

          Resource Duration                                          8 h

      Notes


      Run Option Notes

      Results
      Output Variable                               Value Units

      Surface Rate of Spread (maximum)                 3.2 ch/h

      Flame Length                                     1.8 ft

      Area                                             0.1 ac

      Perimeter                                         4 ch

      Length-to-Width Ratio                            1.8

      Forward Spread Distance                          1.6 ch

      Backing Spread Distance                          0.2 ch

      Fire Length                                      1.8 ch

      Maximum Fire Width                               1.0 ch

      Time from Report                                 0.4 h

      Contain Status                             Contained

      Contained Area                                   0.3 ac

      Fireline Constructed                             5.9 ch

      Spot Dist from Torching Trees                    0.1 mi

      Scorch Height                                     4 ft

      Probability of Ignition from a Firebrand         29 %


End




                                                                              53
   Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


                                  BehavePlus 3.0.1 (Build 261)

                                 Mon, Jan 07, 2008 at 14:10:13

Input Worksheet: FM3 under Hot end of prescription
Modules: SURFACE, SIZE, CONTAIN, SPOT,
IGNITE

Input Variables                            Input Value(s) Units

Fuel/Vegetation, Surface/Understory

   Fuel Model                                           3

Fuel/Vegetation, Overstory

   Canopy Height                                        4 ft

Fuel Moisture

   1-h Moisture                                         5 %

   10-h Moisture                                            %

   100-h Moisture                                           %

   Live Herbaceous Moisture                                 %

   Live Woody Moisture                                      %

Weather

   20-ft Wind Speed (upslope)                         15 mi/h

   Wind Adjustment Factor                              .3

   Air Temperature                                    89 oF

   Fuel Shading from the Sun                            0 %

Terrain

   Slope Steepness                                      0 %

   Ridge-to-Valley Elevation Difference                 0 ft

   Ridge-to-Valley Horizontal Distance                      mi

   Spotting Source Location

Fire

   Elapsed Time                                        .5 h

Suppression

   Suppression Tactic                               Rear




                                                                        54
         Project Name: 2008 – 2010 Davis Bayou Omnibus Prescribed Fire Plan


         Line Construction Offset                                 0 ch

         Resource Line Production Rate                            15 ch/h

         Resource Arrival Time                                    .1 h

         Resource Duration                                        8 h

      Notes


      Run Option Notes
      Calculations are only for the direction of maximum spread [SURFACE].

      Fireline intensity, flame length, and spread distance are always

         for the direction of the spread calculations [SURFACE].

      Wind is blowing upslope [SURFACE].

      Suppression input is for a single resource [CONTAIN];

         multiple values can be entered for any input variable.


      Results
      Output Variable                             Value Units

      Surface Rate of Spread (maximum)            112.8 ch/h

      Flame Length                                  13.5 ft

      Area                                        132.7 ac

      Perimeter                                     143 ch

      Length-to-Width Ratio                          2.1

      Forward Spread Distance                       56.4 ch

      Backing Spread Distance                        3.5 ch

      Fire Length                                   59.9 ch

      Maximum Fire Width                            28.2 ch

      Time from Report                               8.1 h

      Contained Area                                -1.0 ac

      Fireline Constructed                        119.9 ch

      Spot Dist from Wind Driven Surface Fire        0.5 mi

      Probability of Ignition from a Firebrand        68 %


End




                                                                              55

				
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