Smith G Recovery Review of US Disaster Assist Framework Planning for Re2

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					A Review of the United States Disaster
Assistance Framework: Planning for
Recovery




           Emergency Management Institute Higher
           Education Conference
                        Gavin Smith, Ph.D., AICP
                        University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill




                                                         June 2009
U.S. Disaster Assistance Framework and Recovery
Outcomes: Planning for Pre and Post-Disaster Recovery?
     The Disaster Recovery Literature and Practice

 Least Understood Aspect of Emergency Management (scholars and
  practitioners)

 Who is Responsible for Recovery?
    The Planner Emergency Management Divide
    Public Sector
    Others

 Disaster Recovery Dominated by the Post-Event Administration of
  Federal Programs

 Pre-event Planning for Post-Disaster Disaster Recovery Remains
  Marginalized

 A Review of the United States Disaster Assistance Framework:
  Planning for Recovery.
    Public Entity Risk Institute
    Application of Professional Experience and Advancing the Recovery
     Literature
         Characteristics of the U.S. Disaster Assistance
         Framework


   Disaster Assistance: Funding, Policy and Technical Assistance

   Disaster Assistance Network

   Rules
        Level of Prescriptiveness
        “Zone of Uncertainty”

   Understanding of Local Needs
        Greatest Resources, Least Understanding of Local Needs?
        Closest to Problem, Least Prepared, Fewest Resources?

   Timing Within Organizations and Across Disaster Assistance Network
        Speed of Aid versus Deliberative Approach (i.e. planning for recovery)
        Coordinative Challenges

   Horizontal and Vertical Integration

   The Role of Planning – Improving the Disaster Recovery Assistance Framework
        Process
        Plan-Making
Disaster Recovery Process (Haas, Kates and Bowden 1977)
Horizontal and Vertical Integration
Transforming the Disaster Recovery Assistance
Framework
        Recommendations

 Develop and Institutionalize a Comprehensive National Recovery Strategy
       Disaster Recovery Act
       Enhanced Role of Pre- and Post-Disaster Recovery Planning
            Role of ESF-14
            Planning as Coordination of Assistance and Capacity Building
            Planning Mandate

 Increase Local Capacity and Commitment by Enhancing Self Reliance and
  Accountability
       Increase Provision of Capacity Building Assistance Pre-Event
            Planning for Post-Disaster Recovery
       Hold Local and State Governments Accountable
            Tie Compliance to Post-Disaster Assistance
            Require Land Use Planning Element (key weakness in DMA)

 Maximize the Use of Collaborative Problem Solving and Resource Allocation
  Strategies

 Role of Land Use Planners: Process and Plan-Making

 Modify Existing Collaborative Venues
        The Role of Planners in the Disaster Assistance
        Framework

 Improved Use of Existing Planning Tools and Processes
     Boundary Spanning Function
     Pre-Event Planning

 Land Use Planning Tools
     Among the Most Effective / Underutilized in Recovery
     Poor Coordination between Planners and Emergency Managers

 Planning Process – Disasters as Conflict/Altruism
       Dispute Resolution
       Policy Dialogue
       Negotiation
       Facilitation
       Public Participation / Participatory, Inclusive Decision Making Across
        Network

 Connectivity to Framework – Changing the Defining Characteristics
     Rules, Understanding of Local Needs, Coordination of Aid, Timing
    Modify Existing Collaborative Venues

 National Response Framework

 ESF-14

 NVOAD

 EMAC

 EMAP

 Project Impact

 Contractor On-Call Contracts

 International Aid

				
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posted:12/1/2011
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