Ap American Government and Politics First Semester Final Exam Study Guide January 28, 2009 – 11:00am – 12:30pm. Description of Exam: The AP European History Final Exam is 1 hour and 30 minutes in length and consists of a multiple- choice section and an essay section which resemble a shorter version of the actual AP Exam you will be taking in May. The 30 minute multiple choice section (section1) contains 40 questions and accounts for 50 percent of the final grade. The 60 minute essay section (section II) contains 4 question (of which you will answer 2) and accounts for 50 percent of the final grade. Section 1: Multiple Choice 1.Establishment Clause & Free Exercise Clause. 2. The principle of checks and balances. 3. About two-thirds of adults call themselves, in terms of party identification, what parties do they most identify with? 4. Relative to the total population, the most underrepresented group in Congress is. 5. What true about incumbents. 6. Regular voters are characterized by? 7. An example of casework by a member of Congress. 8. Occasionally, a major political tidal wave rolls across the country and throws large numbers of incumbents of a given party out of office. When did this last occur? 9. Political Action Committees 10. Voter turnout ; factors in increase and decrease. 11. To be sent to the President, a bill must be passed by 12. The House ____ Committee reviews most bills coming from other committees before they go on to the full House, thus performing a traffic cop function. 13. Nominees to the US Supreme Court must be confirmed by? 14. Articles of Impeachment must be passed by 15. According to the Constitution, once impeached, federal officials are then tried in the 16. All of the following are Congress’ checks on the executive EXCEPT 17. To cut off debate and end a filibuster is known as. 18. The form of direct democracy that allows the public to directly adopt a policy without any involvement of the state legislatures. 19. The best way constituents can influence Congressional voting on legislation is to 20. In U.S. Term Limit, Inc. et al. v. Thornton et al., the Supreme Court ruled that 21. When citizens have a high degree of trust in their government, the level of voting turnout tends to 22. The biggest expenditure in the federal budget today is 23. Marbury v. Madison . 24. I. Separation of powers II. Federalism III. Checks and balances IV. Electoral College 25. A member of Congress who wants to act on what the majority of his or her constituency thinks on a particular issue would be advised to respond to which of the following indicators? 26. The accuracy of a poll. 27. American two-party system. 28. Characteristic of a realigning election. 28. Party de-alignment. 29. Minor political parties. 30. The largest proportion of Americans living below the poverty line are 31. The “Three-Fifths Compromise.” 32. The North-South Compromise was reached when the framers negotiated compromises concerning 33. All of the following are enumerated (expressed) powers EXCEPT (A) public education. (B) regulation of commerce. (C) declaration of war. (D) taxation. (E) print money. 34. States may by the Constitution do what? 35. The pluralist theory of power. 36. The term “means test” refers to 37. In the Second Treatise on Civil Government, ________ argued that all individuals have certain natural rights, including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. 38. The enumerated (expressed) powers in Article I of the Constitution intended to do what? 39. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. 40. Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965 41. Bill of Rights. 42. Wall of Separation doctrine. 43. Mass Media. 44. Political parties. 45. Cartoon analysis. 46. Chart analysis. 47. “Critical Elections.” 48. United States Political Culture. 49. Civil Liberties. 50. Federalist No. 10, James Madison. Section II: Free Response Section. 1. The United States Constitution has endured for more than two centuries as the framework of government. However, the meaning of the Constitution has been changed both by formal and informal methods. (a) Identify two formal methods for adding amendments to the Constitution. (b) Describe two informal methods that have been used to change the meaning of the Constitution. Provide one specific example for each informal method you described. (c)Explain why informal methods are used more often than the formal amendment process. 2. While interest groups and political parties play a significant role in the United States political system, they differ in their fundamental goals. (a) Identify the fundamental goal of interest groups in the political process. (b) Identify the fundamental goal of major political parties in the political process. (c) Describe two different ways by which interest groups support the fundamental goal of political parties in the political process. (d) For one of the forms of support you described in (c), explain two different way in which that form of support helps interest groups to achieve their fundamental goal in the political process. 3. A significant feature of the Electoral College is that most states have a winner-take-all system. (a) Describe the winner-take-all feature of the Electoral College. (b) Explain one way in which the winner-take-all feature of the Electoral College affects how presidential candidates from the two major political parties run their campaigns. (c) Explain one way in which the winner-take-all feature of the Electoral College hinders third party candidates. (d) Explain two ways why the Electoral College has not been abolished. 4. In the last half of the twentieth century, voter turnout in federal elections has declined. During the same period voter turnout has been higher in presidential elections than midterm elections. (a) Identify two factors that have contributed to the overall decline in turnout in federal elections and explain how each factor has contributed to the overall decline. (b) Identify and explain two reasons why voter turnout has been higher in presidential elections than in midterm elections.
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