Immigration by xiuliliaofz

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									Westward Expansion
Table of Contents
• Manifest Destiny

• The Gold Rush

• Frontier Life

• Native Americans

• The Myth of the West
                         2
          Manifest Destiny
• Expansion to the Pacific
• Seen as obvious and inevitable
• Not necessarily a religious idea
• Spread of democracy and European-
  American lifestyle
• Exterminate or convert Native Americans
• Tame the western landscape
                                            3
Manifest Destiny
                   4
• What do you think the woman in this picture
  represents?
• What is she doing?
                                                5
What are these people doing, and why do you
think they are in the picture?
                                              6
• What does this part of the picture show?
• What is its significance?                  7
• Who else is being forced westward?
• What is happening here?              8
Why do you think this bear was included in this part of
the picture?
                                                          9
Can you tell what is
going on here?




                       10
• Why do you think the artist painted this picture?
• What is the larger message he was trying to
  convey about Manifest Destiny?                      11
     The California Gold Rush
•   Sutter‟s Mill—1848
•   „49ers
•   Little law and order
•   Supporting businesses
•   Growth of towns and cities



                                 12
The California Gold Rush




                           13
• What is the title
  of this source?

• What different
  elements make
  up this source?




                      14
                                What do you think this
                                scene depicts? Is it meant
                                to be realistic?



Here‟s a hint: The opening
paragraph here quotes a man
as saying, “I am a miner who
wandered from „Away Down
East,‟ and came to sojourn in
a strange land and „See the
Elephant.‟”
What might “see the
elephant” have referred to?                                  15
                         • What is going on in this
                           scene? Does it look like a
                           scene from a mining camp?
                           Why or why not?
                         • Why might the artist have
                           included this scene?
Hint: This paragraph
warns miners not to
“take thy money, nor
thy gold dust, nor thy
good name, to the
gaming table in vain.”


                                                        16
                                What do you think might
                                be going on in this scene?
                                (Hint: The sign on the far
                                right tent says, “Store.”)


Listen as your teacher reads
you this passage from the
text that describes the scene
shown here.
• What does the passage tell
  miners not to do?
• Why do you think it gives
  these instructions?                                        17
• What is going on in this
  picture?
• What does this scene indicate
  about the recommended
  course of action for a miner in
  the face of danger?




                                18
• What does this scene imply
  about miners‟ daily lives?
• Did they have many luxuries?
• What types of domestic
  activities did they have to do?




                               19
• What are the men doing in this
  scene?
• What does this picture indicate
  about how miners often spent
  their free time and money?




                               20
Although the “Miners‟ Pioneer Ten Commandments” was written
in 1853, this version of it (with the drawings) wasn‟t created until
1887—well after the Gold Rush had ended.
Why might the 1887 version have been created, and who do
                                                                       21
you think the intended audience for it was?
             Frontier Life
• Homestead Act of 1862
• Great Plains settlement
• Sod houses




                             22
Frontier Life
                23
                                        This picture
                                        shows a
                                        typical
                                        pioneer house
                                        on the Great
                                        Plains.




• What does the house appear to be made of?
• Does it seem to be in good shape?
                                                  24
Do you think this family would have been comfortable
living in this house?
                                                       25
• What does the landscape in this picture look like?
• What do you think it might have been like to farm
  here?                                                26
                                    What do you see in
                                    the foreground?




• What does this tell you about the distance between the
  house and the farm?
• What does it tell you about the conditions of the soil?   27
• What is this?
• Why do you think it might have been located here?
                                                  28
Look at the family‟s attire.
• Do you think they dressed this
  way every day?
• How formal do their clothes
  look considering their
  occupation?




                            29
Who do you think might have taken this
photograph, and why?
                                         30
           Native Americans
•   “Indian wars”
•   Treaties
•   Reservations
•   Perceptions of Native Americans




                                      31
 Native
Americans




            32
• Who does the snake
  represent in this political
  cartoon? How can you
  tell?
• Why do you think the
  cartoonist chose a
  snake for this
  representation?               33
• Who is in the snake‟s
  grasp? What is the snake
  doing?
• What is the meaning of
  this representation? (Hint:
  what do the words on the
  snake‟s body say?)




                                34
• Who is this? What
  is he doing?
• What is his
  relationship to the
  Native
  American/snake?
  (Hint: look at the
  sign on the tree.)
• What do you
  think his
  actions
  represent?
                 35
• What does this piece
  of paper say?
• What does the book next to
  it say?
• Why do you think the
  cartoonist included these
  in the picture?




                        36
This cartoon is titled
“The Nation‟s Ward.”

• What does this mean?
• Why do you think the
  cartoonist drew this
  cartoon? What
  message was the
  artist trying to
  convey?



                         37
 Native
Americans




            38
The professional
photographer Edward
S. Curtis took this
photograph around
1908. During his
career, Curtis
photographed hundreds
of images of Native
Americans.
Why do you think he might
have focused his career on
this subject?
                        39
This photograph is titled
“Arikara Medicine
Ceremony—The
Ducks.”
What appears to be
happening in the photo?




                            40
• Why do you think
  Curtis chose this
  scene to photograph?
• What might he have
  found interesting
  about it?




                         41
         The Myth of the West
•   Romantic fascination
•   Media portrayal
•   Buffalo Bill
•   Realities of life in the West




                                    42
The Myth of the West




                       43
This 1899 handbill advertises Buffalo Bill‟s traveling
show.
What does the subtitle say? What does it imply about
the show?                                         44
                                  Describe
                                  Buffalo
                                  Bill‟s
                                  appearance
                                  and stature.


How effectively do you think
this picture of him might have
portrayed the image of the
cowboy that the show was trying
to convey?
                                          45
• What is going on in the center of the picture?
• What do you think this scene is attempting to represent?
                                                        46
• What is happening in the upper left-hand corner of the
  picture?
• What does this scene portray about Native American
  culture as Buffalo Bill might have wanted audiences
  to understand it?
                                                      47
• How does this part of the poster portray the American
  West and Native Americans?
• How do you think potential audiences at the time
  would have responded to this?                           48
Why do you think Buffalo Bill‟s mythologized version of
the West appealed so strongly to audiences?           49
50

								
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