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					                                 NATIONAL PORK BOARD
                                     Spring Call - 2011
                   DEADLINE: Tuesday, May 24th, 2011 – 5:00 pm CST

The National Pork Board is soliciting research proposals dealing with:

A – Environment                                          G – Human Nutrition
B – Swine Health                                         N - Nutritional Efficiency
D – Pork Safety                                          S - Sow Lifetime Productivity
F – Pork Quality



Please read carefully the individual solicitation descriptions for project proposals. If you have questions related
directly to the description of a specific solicitation, contact the staff member listed in charge of the program
area. For questions on the submission process, contact Bev Everitt at beveritt@pork.org or 515/223-2750.


STAFF MEMBERS:

Environment                    Allan Stokes           astokes@pork.org              515/223-3447

Swine Health                   Lisa Becton            lbecton@pork.org              515/223-2791

Pork Safety – PreHarvest       Steve Larsen           slarsen@pork.org              515/223-2754
  & Pork Quality

Human Nutrition                Adria Sheil-Brown abrown@pork.org                    515/223-2632

Nutritional Efficiency    Mark Knauer                 mknauer@pork.org              515/223-2606
       & Sow Lifetime Productivity

To be considered for committee review, all proposals must be submitted via the website by 5:00 p.m. CST
on Tuesday, May 24, 2011. See www.pork.org for links. Proposals will be reviewed by both technical
advisors and pork producers prior to the committee selection meetings. Final funding is subject to approval by
the National Pork Board and USDA.




NOTES:
Proposal selection will occur in late July 2011.
Notification of grant awards will be done in late August 2011.
Project funding will begin October 1, 2011.
Requests for second-year funding must be resubmitted.
A.      ENVIRONMENT
The Environment Committee solicits proposals in the following areas. Proposals must be submitted in the
attached format to be considered. Projects may cover multiple-year efforts for completion of an entire project.
For multi-year projects expected project deliverables and budgets will be broken down by year. If proposed
projects are for completion of multi-year efforts already in-progress the proposal must include a discussion of
progress and accomplishments realized from efforts to date toward success of the overall research effort. This
may be accomplished by including copies of interim or final reports from previously funded research efforts as
appendices to the proposal submitted. Proposals will be reviewed by panels for scientific soundness and for
industry priority. Proposals may be returned to the investigator with suggested/requested revisions prior to
making a final funding decision. Funding for accepted projects will follow final approval by the National Pork
Board.
1. Quantify the Water Footprint for U.S. Pork Production
The water footprint of U.S. pork production is an of importance to the pork industry and its customers and
should be evaluated in order to define opportunities and challenges from which solutions that are ethically
grounded, scientifically verifiable and economically viable can be implemented. To this end, we are soliciting
proposals for assistance in quantifying the baseline water footprint of U.S. pork production and development of
a Live Swine Production Water Footprint Calculator. It is expected that proposals will result include the
following deliverables.
     A. Literature Review
           Complete a literature review relative to research on water use life cycle analysis for the pork
            production chain from feed crops in the field to consumption of pork products.
           The review should identify whether or not the research reports or papers identified had been peer
            reviewed, where and when they were published, identify the principle investigator and their
            organizational affiliation.
           Assist the National Pork Board by attending meetings of industry stakeholders to explain and discuss
            the findings of the literature review.
     B. Pork Chain Scan Level Life Cycle Analysis of Water Use
           Complete a scan level life cycle analysis to quantify water use for each stage of the pork chain from
            feed crops in the field to consumption of a 4 ounce serving of boneless pork by a consumer in the
            U.S.
           Provide data to compare the scan-level water footprint of U.S. pork production to information for
            other countries.
           Assist the National Pork Board by attending meetings of industry stakeholders to explain and discuss
            the general pork chain life cycle inventory analyses.
     C. Live Swine Production Detailed Life Cycle Analysis
           Develop a detailed water use model for the live swine production phase of the pork chain that can be
            used to quantify the water use for all types and phases of live swine production from feed crops in
            the field through to live animal leaving the farm.
           Define and quantify the water use impacts from live swine operations in the U.S. based on per pound
            of live animal weight leaving the farm.



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          Provide data to compare the detailed water use for live swine production to similar information for
           other meat proteins and selected foodstuffs grown in the U.S.
          Identify potential opportunities and challenges for favorably impacting the water use life cycle for
           live swine production.
          Provide a written report of the above described efforts including supporting documentation for the
           detailed live swine production water use life cycle analysis.
          Assist the National Pork Board by attending meetings of industry stakeholders to explain and discuss
           the detailed live swine production life cycle analyses.
   D. Final Project Report
       a. Provide a final report summarizing the efforts, results and findings from the literature review, scan
          level life cycle analysis and live swine detailed life cycle analysis efforts.
   The above described efforts will be conducted using life cycle assessment methods in a manner compliant
   with International Standards Organization (ISO) life cycle analysis guidance and standards and will, to the
   fullest extent possible, utilize open sources of data.


2. Greenhouse Gas Economic Analytical Tool
The Pork Checkoff has funded development of a computer-based calculation tool that will estimate the total
emissions of greenhouse gasses from all major unit processes at a live swine sow, nursery, nursery/finish or
grow/finish production operation. The tool requires a user to enter data specific to an individual live swine
production operation. The tool calculates total CO2e emissions and provides detail of the contribution from each
of the unit processes at the operation. The tool can be used for comparative analysis of the effects of employing
different management options and facility configurations that may be employed at the operation will have on
greenhouse gas emissions to assist the user in evaluating management options. The tool is designed to be
installed on and run by the pork producer user on a personal computer running Windows 7, Vista, or Windows
XP on a PC based operating system.
The National Pork Board solicits proposals to develop an add-on economic analysis module that will calculate
the differential cost for the greenhouse gas emissions estimated by the calculator tool. The it is not intended
that the module developed will be used as an absolute costing model for the design and construction of swine
facilities but rather provide the relative cost differential between alternative facility configurations and/or
employing different management practices at a given operation. The economic analysis module developed will
be designed and developed to be fully compatible and able to be integrated with the Live Swine Greenhouse
Gas Calculator already developed.
For information regarding this solicitation, please contact Allan Stokes by Email at AStokes@pork.org or by
phone at (515) 223-3447.




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B. SWINE HEALTH-PRRS
Since its discovery in 1991, Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus (PRRSv) has proven itself
as a significant pathogen of swine in nearly all production areas of the world. While a great deal has been
learned about the virus, producers and veterinarians continue to be challenged in the identification of both
predictable and consistent tools that are successful in managing or eliminating the virus from herds, farms, or
regions.

During the 2011 Pork Forum, a National Pork Board advisement was presented to the delegates and passed that
states: That the National Pork Board continue to be engaged in the PRRSV elimination discussions that
prioritize research and education towards continued development and application of tools and strategies
with the goal of elimination of the PRRSV virus.


For 2011, the National Pork Board’s Swine Health Committee has taken a focused approach to the PRRS
Initiative research that supports the PRRS resolution. The Committee has outlined a specific research priority
focus for 2011. The goal is to focus Checkoff funding on more specific areas of concern that may not be
covered by other research entities. The Committee has communicated and collaborated with other
organizations to avoid unnecessary duplication of research and to potentially augment research that may be
ongoing. Other research funding organizations are encouraged to review the Swine Health Committee’s
priorities and consider this list of priorities when appropriate.

     1. PRRSv Immunology:
        - Identify common protective epitope(s) ultimately leading to a more efficacious vaccine providing
        cross-protection
        -Characterization of the structural components of PRRSv and subsequent affect on the pig’s immune
        system that determine protective immunity
        -Innovative vaccine development to support heterologous protection (adjuvants, delivery mechanisms,
        decreased viral shedding, etc.)


2.      PRRSv Epidemiology and Ecology
        -Understand key routes of transmission
           o Develop a mechanism to definitively identify what is the true/accurate cause of a PRRSv
              outbreak vs. an assumption. (Many times biosecurity breaches are identified but what type of
              break was it? Can this information help us to hone in on true risk factors and then how to deal
              with them for improved PRRSv control/management?)
           o Investigate the transmission dynamics within high density regions; what are the sources of
              infection and re-infection within these areas?

        -Surveillance
           o Request submission(s) for proposals regarding the development and integration of a mapping
               system that can assist producers for regional disease management strategy coordination while
               addressing business confidentiality concerns.
           o Novel approaches to provide a format to share and utilize diagnostic lab information to better
               understand PRRSv epidemiology in real time; the goal is to potentially have a standardized
               mechanism where data can be shared and compared between producers and veterinarians to help
               better understand PRRSv epidemiology, transmission and spread.

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           o Examine novel methods of PRRSv surveillance in both naïve and previously infected herds
           o Development of and/or improvement of a testing methodology for the end outcome of a quick,
             accurate and improved ease of use test for PRRS identification
                o Applications of such test could be use pen-side prior to shipment – help to determine
                    status of pigs within a region and prior to shipment to final sites for grow-out.
                o For PRRSv identification, any mechanism that can be utilized with the goal of being
                    better able to track changes in the virus and help to understand what factors play into
                    shifts of the virus.


Funds will be awarded for one year. Multi-year projects that had the first year funded in the previous year still
require re-submission of a fully-developed proposal that includes a demonstration of satisfactory progress on
work proposed in the first year and a detailed budget for the next year. Newly submitted multi-year proposals
should provide a clear overall vision and objectives for the entire project with a detailed plan of work and
budget for the first year and for potential subsequent years. Further information regarding this solicitation can
be directed to Lisa Becton by email at lbecton@pork.org or by phone at
515-223-2791.




                                                        5
D. PORK SAFETY – Pre-Harvest

The Pork Safety, Quality and Human Nutrition Committee is requesting proposals in the following areas only.
Specific research topics are listed below, not in priority order. All proposals submitted must address at least
one of the specific research topics of interest described below. Novel approaches and concepts to the
research topics are encouraged.

The Committee has $150,000 to fund Pork Safety related research. There is no exact funding limit for
submitted proposals, but the budget request should be appropriate and justified for the work that is being
proposed. Researchers are encouraged to find matching funds or in-kind contributions to the project. Multi-
disciplinary proposals are encouraged. Novel approaches and concepts are encouraged even if they do not fit
into a specific priority area.

Proposals must be submitted in the attached format to be considered. Projects may cover multiple-year efforts.
For multi-year projects, project expected deliverables and budgets will be broken down by year. If proposed
projects are for completion of a multi-year proposal already in-progress, the proposal must include a discussion
of progress and accomplishments realized from efforts to date toward success of the overall research effort.
This may be accomplished by including copies of interim or final reports from previously funded research
efforts as appendices to the proposal submitted. Proposals will be reviewed by panels for scientific soundness
and for industry priority. Proposals may be returned to the investigator with suggested/requested revisions prior
to making a final funding decision. Funding for accepted projects will follow final approval by the National
Pork Board. Further enquiries regarding this solicitation can be directed to Steve Larsen by email
slarsen@pork.org or by phone: 515/223-2754.

The topics below are NOT listed in priority order:

Epidemiology of MRSA in Lairage

   1. There is a need for more information on the epidemiology of MRSA, especially in lairage. Specific
      research topics of interest are described below (please note that these are not in priority order):

       a. Studies of the epidemiology of MRSA in lairage, including but not limited to:
              a. Studies to identify if and where MRSA persists in lairage.
              b. Studies to identify risk factors leading to transmission of MRSA in the lairage environment.
       b. Studies to develop feasible interventions for MRSA.
       c. Studies to define the risk of MRSA to pork products at different points of the pork chain, ending
          with retail establishments.

Effects of Feed Ingredients on Pork Safety

   1. There is a need for more information from the effects of alternative feeding ingredients on pathogens.
      Specific research topics of interest are described below (please note that these are not in priority order):

       a. Studies to determine the effects of feeding alternative feed ingredients (such as DDGS, bakery
          waste, etc.) on pathogen shedding, carriage, load and overall gut microbiota.
              1. Levels of pathogens for positive tests is desirable
              2. If studying salmonella, serotypes need to be identified


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On-Farm Salmonella Serovar Persistence and Control

   1. There is a need for more on-farm epidemiology of salmonella serovars. Specific research topics of
      interest are described below (please note that these are not in priority order):

      a. Where do salmonella serovars persist and what are the main serovars within a specific site?
      b. Do serovars change across sites?
      c. What is the stability and length of salmonella serovar persistence within a site and what are the main
         serovars?
      d. What are the management practices that impact salmonella serovars?




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F.      PORK QUALITY

For U.S. producers to remain globally competitive, improvements in pork quality are needed. The purpose of
this call is to establish baseline values for pork quality traits in retail meat cases. Therefore, the National Pork
Board is requesting proposals to complete a National Retail Display Survey to capture variation in fresh pork
cuts with regard to quality, price, and packaging. Specific areas of focus are described below. Novel
approaches and concepts to complete the research are encouraged.

The funding limit for submitted proposals is $300,000. Researchers are encouraged to find matching funds or
in-kind contributions to the project. Multi-disciplinary proposals are encouraged. Novel approaches and
concepts are encouraged even if they do not fit into the specific priority area.

Proposals must be submitted in the attached format to be considered and must show evidence of sufficient
statistical power in relation to the primary project objectives and clearly define the methodology to be used to
meet objectives. Projects may cover multiple-year efforts. For multi-year projects, project expected
deliverables and budgets will be broken down by year. Proposals will be reviewed by panels for scientific
soundness and for industry priority. Proposals may be returned to the investigator with suggested/requested
revisions prior to making a final funding decision. Funding for accepted projects will follow final approval by
the National Pork Board. Further enquiries regarding this solicitation can be directed to Steve Larsen by email
slarsen@pork.org or by phone: 515/223-2754 or to Mark Knauer by at mknauer@pork.org or by phone:
515/223-2606.

National Retail Bench Mark Study

     2. A national study of the quality attributes at retail stores of fresh pork is needed. Criteria for the bench
        mark study are below:

                        1. Should consist of a national study across multiple retailers, regions and time period
                               The national meat case study sampling scheme is desired
                               Multiple store and product replicates are desired
                        2. Products of interest are:
                               Center cut loin chops
                               Bone-in loin chops
                               Butt or Shoulder Roasts
                               Shoulder steak
                               Enhanced and Non-enhanced in as many of the above listed products as
                                  possible
                        3. Need to capture price points at the time of purchase
                        4. Need to capture packaging type
                        5. Need to capture best if used by date or freeze by date
                        6. Quality measurements should include (subjective and objective when appropriate):
                               Tenderness (either SSF or WBS)
                               pH
                               IMF
                               Color
                               Marbling when applicable


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G. HUMAN NUTRITION

The Pork Safety, Quality and Human Nutrition Committee is requesting proposals in the following areas only.
Specific research topics are listed below, not in priority order. All proposals submitted must address at least
one of the specific research topics described below. Novel approaches and concepts are encouraged.

The Committee has $200,000 to fund human nutrition related research for 2011 funding. There is no exact
funding limit for submitted proposals, but the budget request should be appropriate and justified for the work
that is being proposed. Researchers are encouraged to find co-funding or matching funds or in-kind
contributions for the project.

Proposals must be submitted in the attached format to be considered. Projects may cover multiple-year efforts.
For multi-year projects, project expected deliverables and budgets will be broken down by year. If proposed
projects are for completion of a multi-year proposal already in-progress, the proposal must include a discussion
of progress and accomplishments realized from efforts to date toward success of the overall research effort.
This may be accomplished by including copies of interim or final reports from previously funded research
efforts as appendices to the proposal submitted. Proposals will be reviewed by panels for scientific soundness
and for industry priority. Proposals may be returned to the investigator with suggested/requested revisions prior
to making a final funding decision. Funding for accepted projects will follow final approval by the National
Pork Board. Further inquiries regarding this solicitation can be directed to Adria Sheil-Brown by email
abrown@pork.org or by phone: 515/223-2632.

Proposals are solicited in the following area only. Proposals submitted that do not relate to this area will
not be evaluated, scored or considered for funding:


   1. What is the effect of including lean pork products in place of poultry and fish in a DASH (Dietary
      Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet to control blood pressure?

   2. What is the effect of increased dietary protein, in the form of lean pork, on symptoms of metabolic
      syndrome (dyslipidemia, hypertension, glucose intolerance and macrovascular complications) or
      treatment of type 2 diabetes?
          a. Proposals should not exceed 35% of calories from protein.

   3. What is the relationship between pork consumption and health outcomes based on analysis of existing
      nutrition epidemiological databases?




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N. NUTRITIONAL EFFICIENCY (Feed Cost Reduction)
    For US pig producers to remain globally competitive, research and technology are required to reduce feed costs
without compromising performance. The National Pork Board has developed the Feed Cost Reduction initiative to
deliver on the following outcomes:
    1. Reduce total feed cost (feed cost standardized for start and end weight)
    2. Improve caloric efficiency of growth (calories per pound of gain, standardized for weight)
    3. Reduce the variation in feed cost due to inaccurate ingredient values for available nutrients and nutrient diversion
        caused by inflammatory disease
    Submitted proposals must bring fundamental knowledge to application so Feed Cost and Feed Cost variation are
reduced. Research priorities require a variety of disciplines such as nutrition, nutritional physiology and biochemistry,
immunology, mathematical modeling and ingredient chemistry. Proposals should reference key concepts such as feed
cost, caloric efficiency, ingredient value, dynamic or predictive estimates of nutrient value and disease diversion of
nutrients. Applied growth assays should be conducted in commercial like conditions and with sufficient replication to
make statistically appropriate conclusions. Nursery trials will be given higher consideration when subsequent finishing
performance is monitored.
    Submitted proposals must show evidence of sufficient statistical power in relation to the primary project objectives,
clearly define the role of the study in meeting the objective to deliver cost effective technology, and address a Research
priority listed below to be considered for funding.


Research priorities (in order of importance)
    1. Utilization of low energy ingredients (to reduce dependence on corn), such as low carbohydrate, low fat or higher
        than typical NDF ingredients other than DDGS
    2. Increase nutrient extraction from ingredients so that growth and caloric efficiency can be maintained on nutrient
        deficit diets
    3. Develop reliable predictive equations for Net Energy of ingredients
    4. Processing methods for improving utilization of cereal grains and co-products
    5. Understand the impact of disease on growth and caloric efficiency
    6. Rapid methods to predict starch and amino acid accessibility in ingredients
    7. Integration of ingredient analysis (i.e. NIR) with available energy and amino acid prediction methods to properly
        value sources and to reduce feed conversion variation
    8. Improve weaned pig transition to facilitate long-term growth, caloric efficiency and viability
    9. Functional ingredient strategies to alleviate disease effects on growth and caloric efficiency
    10. Nutritional strategies to manipulate prenatal development for improved lean growth
    11. Improve caloric efficiency by decreasing maintenance cost. Strategies might include the improvement of
        mitochondrial coupling efficiency, reduction of Na, K cell transport costs or reduced muscle protein degradation


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Further Information
      Priority will be given to projects that involve academic and commercial collaboration in research facility, except
       where discovery is needed to establish principles necessary for trial.
      Projects spanning more than one year are not discouraged (i.e. 2-3 years) so that a program may have time to
       deliver desirable outcomes. Funding of a multi-year program must be justified, with second and third year
       funding being dependent on sufficient progress of the prior year.
      Priority will be given to projects substantially addressing priorities of highest value but we expect that successful
       projects may span the priorities because approved projects must be very convincing and imaginative. Calculation
       of relative value is in many cases possible and will be important in helping the committee in valuing a project.


   The Animal Science Committee has $900,000 to fund feed cost reduction and sow lifetime productivity related
   research. For information regarding this solicitation, please contact Mark Knauer by email at MKnauer@pork.org or
   by phone at (515) 223-2606.




                                                           11
S. SOW LIFETIME PRODUCTIVITY
        For US pig producers to remain globally competitive research and technology are required to increase
sow lifetime productivity (defined as pigs per female per day of herd life) and reduce cost per weaned pig.
        Submitted proposals must focus on applied, cost effective research and technologies to improve sow
lifetime productivity, and should reference economically important traits such as gilt development, gilt/sow
nonproductive days, sow mortality, piglet birth weight, nursery mortality, labor efficiency and feed cost.
Studies may be developed through a variety of disciplines, including engineering, genetics, immunity, nutrition,
reproductive physiology and management.
        Submitted proposals must show evidence of sufficient statistical power in relation to the primary project
objectives, clearly define the role of the study in meeting the objective to deliver cost effective technology, and
encompass as many of the approaches listed below to be considered for funding.


Research priorities (not in order of importance)
   1. Increase average piglet birth weight and/or reduce the percentage of small birth weight piglets and
        reduce preweaning mortality
   2. Develop and evaluate best management practices for gilt development, using new and existing
        innovative approaches, including but not limited to floor space, feeding systems, genetics, reproductive
        management/estrous detection, structural soundness, nutrition, etc., to maximize sow lifetime
        productivity in conventional production systems
   3.       Use systems approaches to develop best management practices maximizing sow lifetime
        productivity in conventional production systems including protocols for care/management, health and
        welfare, nutrition and reproduction
   4. Determine the effects of nutritional profile/ration formulation, feed delivery systems, feeding protocols,
        etc. on sow lifetime productivity
   5. Improve sow lifetime productivity through improved/enhanced reproductive efficiency (Priority will be
        given to proposals focusing on improving litter weaning weight and mitigation of seasonal infertility)
   6. Develop cost effective technology and methods to reduce or optimize sow farm labor and improve
        productivity
Sow Housing Calculator
           The current NPB Sow Housing Calculator is a tool for producers considering the construction of
        new open housing facilities or the remodel/renovation of existing facilities. However, the current tool




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       does not allow for the comparison of one housing alternative to another (for example, electronic sow
       feeders in free group housing vs. free access stalls).
   7. Revise, update and expand existing Excel-based NPB sow housing calculator to include analyses for
       varying flooring types and management systems, including all relevant production, construction and
       economic inputs and resource/support materials.          Sow housing system options recognized as cost
       effective and legitimate alternatives to stalls should be included in the final evaluation tool.


Further Information
      Priority will be given to projects that involve academic and commercial partnerships, except where
       discovery is needed to establish necessary principles.
      Projects spanning more than one year are not discouraged (i.e. 2-3 years) so that a program may have
       time to deliver desirable outcomes. Funding of a multi-year program must be justified, with second and
       third year funding being dependent on sufficient progress of the prior year.


The Animal Science Committee has $900,000 to fund feed cost reduction and sow lifetime productivity related
research.   For information regarding this solicitation, please contact Mark Knauer by email at
MKnauer@pork.org or by phone at (515) 223-2606.




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