# Abacus Presentation

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```					 WELCOME
to U C MAS
U C MAS
Abacus & Mental Arithmetic
Program
Why Abacus Mental Arithmetic

 Speed & Accuracy in computation
 Development of various other skills like
concentration, Photographic Memory etc.,
 Whole Brain development program
WHAT DO THE CHILDREN LEARN

   Calculation using the physical ABACUS

   Calculation in Mental Arithmetic mode by
image of Abacus
DIFFERENT TYPES OF ABACI USED IN
DIFFERENT PLACES AND TIMES
THE ABACUS
   An ancient device used for counting
   Though many ABACI are in vogue the Chinese
ABACUS is the most popular one.
   The ABACUS seen here is the modified and
Improved version and not the traditional Chinese
ABACUS
Structure of The ABACUS
 BAR

 Value of Upper Bead = 5
 Value of Lower Bead = 1
Only when the Beads touch the bar the abacus gets value
Abacus Vs Calculator
   Abstract numbers take        Presses the buttons
the child finds it easy       Computation is done
to compute using              by the calculator
abacus.
   Child does the               Calculator does the
information                   information
processing, and hence         processing, so Child
knows how to arrive at        does not know how
Abacus Vs Calculator
   When abacus is               When calculator is
removed after some            removed after some
time, Child would have        time Child is totally at
internalized the abacus       a loss.
to perform the
computation by image
of abacus
   Increases self
dependency.
Abacus Vs Calculator
   Child acquires skills      No skill attained

   Interaction of Right       Brain utilization only
and Left Brains             takes place.
resulting in Whole
brain development.

   Child emerges as the       No gain achieved
winner
Skill developed

   The main purpose of this program is to
develop the skill of absorbing all information
through :

Vision , Listening and
Processing at a great speed
Life Time skills
Concentration
Imaging Skills / Visualization
Listening
Resulting in
Speed & Accuracy
Creativity
Self confidence
Self reliance
SCHEME OF THE PROGRAM
Course Content
CURRICULUM - SPREAD OVER 8 TERMS

1.   Use of the Abacus.
2.   Proper techniques of working with the Abacus.
3.   speed, recognition and writing of numbers.
4.   Computation using Abacus.
5.   Basic computation skills in addition &
subtraction.
Course Content
6.    Combining of Abacus & Mental Arithmetic Skills
7.    Basic computation skills in multiplication &
division.
8.    Speed computation skill in addition & subtraction.
9.    Speed computation skill in multiplication & division.
10.   Sharpening of listening skills in speed computation.
11.   Exercising both the left & right brains.
Understanding the Brain Function

Left Hemisphere       Right Hemisphere
   Logic                Whimsical
   Linear               Non-Linear
   Words (Verbal)       Images (Non Verbal)
   Numbers              Rhythm
   Sequence             Random, Multiple
   Analysis             Day Dreaming
   Mathematical         Creative
   Successive           Simultaneous
   Abstract             Concrete
   Accuracy             Aesthetics
   Rational             Intuitive
   Parts                Whole
   Black and White      Color
   Digital              Analogic
   Pattern User         Pattern Seeker
WHO CAN LEARN
ABACUS MENTAL ARITHMETIC
Target Age group

   4 to 12 years since development and growth
of nerve tissues happen between 4 to 12
years - after which it slows down.

   Frequency of brain wave will increase
gradually from Theta [relaxing stage] to
Alpha level [relaxed but conscious.] as they
grow older, the Beta level takes over.
WHO WILL TRAIN
 Graduate in any Discipline (preferred ) or
 Diploma in Montessori Education
THANK YOU

```
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