Poetic Devices - Download as PowerPoint by wK0S14F6


									Poetic Devices
 Mrs. Bryant’s English Class
Alliteration       (Sound)
     • The repetition of the first
       consonant sound in a word.
       – Sally sold seashells by the seashore.
       – Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled
           • Which of the images below does not fit?

       A            B           C            D
Assonance      (Sound)
    • The repetition of vowel sounds in
      a series of words.
      – The fat cat was wearing a miniature
        hat as he lay down on the mat.
      – Mike rides his bike to the store for a
        bag of rice.
          • Which of the images below does not fit?

      A            B            C          D
Rhyme   (Sound)
    • The repetition of ending sounds in
        – What luck Chuck had that he didn’t
          wreck his truck.
        – Thad was a very sad lad.
            • Which of the images below does not fit?

        A          B         C         D
Onomatopoeia (Sound)
     • The use of words which imitate
       – Crack, pop, buzz, fizzle
         • When writing, italicize onomatopoeias
           when you want them to represent the
            – Honk! Beep! Jan placed her hands over her
              ears while her mother drove through the
              traffic, so she wouldn’t have to listen to the
              harsh sounds of car horns.
Simile   (Figurative Language)
     • A comparison between two
       objects using "like", "as", or
         – Todd was like a bull in a china shop.
         – Amy was as quite as a mouse.
         – Dennis is quicker than a cheetah.
            • Can you write a simile about yourself?
Metaphor   (Figurative Language)
    • A comparison between two
      dissimilar objects. Usually the
      words “is”, “are”, or “was” are
      – The track coach complained that
        Tara was a turtle and shouldn’t be on
        the team.
      – “You are no Van Gogh,” my art
        teacher said to me.
        • Can you write a metaphor of your own?
Personification          (Figurative Language)
     • Giving inanimate or non-living
       objects human characteristics.
       – The trees danced in the wind.
       – The wind spoke to me and told me
         that rain was on the way.
         • Write a sentence using personification.
Idiom   (Figurative Language)
    • An expression that is particular to
      a group of people or culture.
      Idioms are NOT literal.
        – It’s raining cats and dogs.
        – Why the long face?
        – Break a leg.
        – If you jump the gun, you’re going to
          get shot in the foot.
           • Can you name another idiom?
              – Helpful idiom site:
Hyperbole    (Figurative Language)
     • A hyperbole is an exaggeration or
       overstatement. It is often meant
       to be humorous.
       – I caught a fish that was as big as me!
       – He inhaled the sandwich.
         • FYI: “Yo Mama” jokes are hyperboles!
Understatement           (Figurative Language)
    • Downplaying a situation.
      – Understatement is the opposite of
        • Jan reassured her mother that the
          gaping wound on her leg was just a
    • A figure of speech that combines
      two words with opposite
      – Even the word oxymoron is an
        oxymoron: oxy is Greek for “sharp”
        and moron is Greek for “dull”.
        • Jumbo shrimp, act naturally, calm
          storm, cold sweat, good grief
           – Can you think of an oxymoron?
              » http://www.oxymoronlist.com/
    • Eliciting images in the reader’s
      mind through sensory and
      concrete details.
      – The young freckled boy creeps
        through the freshly mown yard with
        his sleek, black Colt BB gun in
        hopes of shooting the plump blue jay
        sitting on the log fence.
     • The technique of repeating
       important lines, words, or phrases
       of a poem for effect.
       – It is similar to a refrain in a song.
          • Read “We Wear the Mask” to see
            repetition in action.
     • Line: similar to a sentence in
     • Stanza: a group of lines
       separated from other lines by
       breaks in the poem. Similar to a
     • Meter: Using a set number of
       syllables in each line.
Poetry Fun
     • Online Magnetic Poetry

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