Poetic Devices - Download as PowerPoint by wK0S14F6

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									Poetic Devices
 Mrs. Bryant’s English Class
Alliteration       (Sound)
     • The repetition of the first
       consonant sound in a word.
       – Sally sold seashells by the seashore.
       – Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled
         peppers.
           • Which of the images below does not fit?


       A            B           C            D
Assonance      (Sound)
    • The repetition of vowel sounds in
      a series of words.
      – The fat cat was wearing a miniature
        hat as he lay down on the mat.
      – Mike rides his bike to the store for a
        bag of rice.
          • Which of the images below does not fit?

      A            B            C          D
Rhyme   (Sound)
    • The repetition of ending sounds in
      words.
        – What luck Chuck had that he didn’t
          wreck his truck.
        – Thad was a very sad lad.
            • Which of the images below does not fit?

        A          B         C         D
Onomatopoeia (Sound)
     • The use of words which imitate
       sound.
       – Crack, pop, buzz, fizzle
         • When writing, italicize onomatopoeias
           when you want them to represent the
           sound.
            – Honk! Beep! Jan placed her hands over her
              ears while her mother drove through the
              traffic, so she wouldn’t have to listen to the
              harsh sounds of car horns.
Simile   (Figurative Language)
     • A comparison between two
       objects using "like", "as", or
       "than”.
         – Todd was like a bull in a china shop.
         – Amy was as quite as a mouse.
         – Dennis is quicker than a cheetah.
            • Can you write a simile about yourself?
Metaphor   (Figurative Language)
    • A comparison between two
      dissimilar objects. Usually the
      words “is”, “are”, or “was” are
      used.
      – The track coach complained that
        Tara was a turtle and shouldn’t be on
        the team.
      – “You are no Van Gogh,” my art
        teacher said to me.
        • Can you write a metaphor of your own?
Personification          (Figurative Language)
     • Giving inanimate or non-living
       objects human characteristics.
       – The trees danced in the wind.
       – The wind spoke to me and told me
         that rain was on the way.
         • Write a sentence using personification.
Idiom   (Figurative Language)
    • An expression that is particular to
      a group of people or culture.
      Idioms are NOT literal.
        – It’s raining cats and dogs.
        – Why the long face?
        – Break a leg.
        – If you jump the gun, you’re going to
          get shot in the foot.
           • Can you name another idiom?
              – Helpful idiom site:
                http://www.usingenglish.com/reference/idioms/.
Hyperbole    (Figurative Language)
     • A hyperbole is an exaggeration or
       overstatement. It is often meant
       to be humorous.
       – I caught a fish that was as big as me!
       – He inhaled the sandwich.
         • FYI: “Yo Mama” jokes are hyperboles!
Understatement           (Figurative Language)
    • Downplaying a situation.
      – Understatement is the opposite of
        hyperbole.
        • Jan reassured her mother that the
          gaping wound on her leg was just a
          scratch.
Oxymoron
    • A figure of speech that combines
      two words with opposite
      meanings.
      – Even the word oxymoron is an
        oxymoron: oxy is Greek for “sharp”
        and moron is Greek for “dull”.
        • Jumbo shrimp, act naturally, calm
          storm, cold sweat, good grief
           – Can you think of an oxymoron?
              » http://www.oxymoronlist.com/
Imagery
    • Eliciting images in the reader’s
      mind through sensory and
      concrete details.
      – The young freckled boy creeps
        through the freshly mown yard with
        his sleek, black Colt BB gun in
        hopes of shooting the plump blue jay
        sitting on the log fence.
Repetition
     • The technique of repeating
       important lines, words, or phrases
       of a poem for effect.
       – It is similar to a refrain in a song.
          • Read “We Wear the Mask” to see
            repetition in action.
Structure
     • Line: similar to a sentence in
       poetry.
     • Stanza: a group of lines
       separated from other lines by
       breaks in the poem. Similar to a
       paragraph.
     • Meter: Using a set number of
       syllables in each line.
Poetry Fun
     • Online Magnetic Poetry

								
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