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					* Data not obtained                                                                                           1
Table I.A.2 Mandatory Job Search at Application, July 2010
                        Job
                       search        Description of job search                Who is exempt from job search at                What is the penalty
State                 required             requirement                                  application                           for noncompliance
Alabama                 No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Alaska                  Yes      Participate in a job search program,         Individuals who are not job-ready, ill or        Benefit is reduced2
                                     which may include group or           incapacitated, caring for an ill or incapacitated
                                    individual job search and job           family member, caring for a child under 12
                                         readiness activities                   months old, or who lack child care

Arizona                 No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Arkansas                Yes      Complete number of job contacts (as Individuals with no recent work history, who have Application may be
                                  determined by caseworker) in 10        not completed the 10th grade, or who lack      approved with 25%
                                               days                         adequate transportation or child care      reduction in payment


California3             No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Colorado       4        No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Connecticut             No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Delaware                No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
D.C.                    Yes      Participate in a 6-week job readiness        Individuals who are exempt from work                Noncompliant
                                                program                    requirements, including persons who are ill or     individual's needs are
                                                                         incapacitated, or if employed, working at least 30     not included in the
                                                                          hours in a one-parent unit or 35 hours in a two-             grant
                                                                                              parent unit
Florida                 No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Georgia                 Yes       Make 12–24 job contacts within 6        Individuals who are not job-ready, ill or     Application is denied
                                    weeks of initial application        incapacitated, or caring for a child under 12
                                                                                         months old
Hawaii                  Yes          Participate in work activities        Individuals who are exempt from work         Application is denied
                                  program, including job search, for requirements, including persons who are age 65 or
                                 no less than 2 weeks within 21 days   older, caring for an ill or incapacitated family
                                         of the program intake        member, or caring for a child under 6 months old

Idaho                   Yes        Particpate in job search activites    Individuals who are the primary caretaker in the     Application is denied
                                   assigned on a case-by-case basis           first 12 weeks after the birth of a child

Illinois                No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Indiana    5            No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Iowa                    No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Kansas                  No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Kentucky                No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Louisiana               Yes      Participate in a 4-week job readiness     Individuals who are non-English speaking, in       Application is denied
                                 program, which includes workplace          third trimester of pregnancy, participating in
                                    readiness skills and job search         approved work activity, or caring for a child
                                                                              under 12 months old and participating in
                                                                                     parenting skills training6
Maine                   No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Maryland                Yes      Participate in job search for at least    Individuals severely disabled or caring for a   Application is denied
                                    20 hours a week for 2 weeks         disabled child, caring for a child under 12 months
                                                                             old, or working at least 30 hours a week

Massachusetts           No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-




Table I.A.2 Mandatory Job Search at Application, July 20101
                   Job
                  search        Description of job search                   Who is exempt from job search at                  What is the penalty
State            required             requirement                                     application                             for noncompliance
Michigan           Yes        Particpate in work requirements,        Individuals that are ill or incapacitated, caring for   Application is denied
                                    including job search                an ill or incapacitated adult, caring for a child
                                                                           under 3 months old, or aged 65 or older

Minnesota          Yes7        Participate in work activities          Individuals age 60 or older, applicants who are Ineligible for assistance
                              program, including job search8          caring for a child under 12 weeks old, caring for      for 4 months
                                                                       an ill or incapacitated adult, units that received
                                                                      benefits in the past 12 months, and units with a
                                                                        refugee or asylee caregiver who arrived in the
                                                                         U.S. or who was given asylum in the past 12
                                                                                            months
Mississippi        Yes       Make 3 job search contacts during             Individuals who are exempt from work               Application is denied
                              the 30-day application period                             requirements
Missouri           Yes      Complete an initial assessment and Individuals who are age 60 or older, in their third Application is denied9
                            make individual employment plans trimester of pregnancy, caring for a child under 12
                                   with a case manager            months old, needed in the home to care for a
                                                               disabled individual, disabled, victims of domestic
                                                                violence, or who lack adequate transportation or
                                                                                   child care


Montana            No                       —-                                                —-                                      —-
Nebraska           No                       —-                                                —-                                      —-
Nevada             Yes         Complete individualized work                                   —-                              Application is denied
                                        activities10
New Hampshire      No                       —-                                                —-                                      —-
New Jersey        Yes11     Participate in job search program for Individuals who are in at least the fourth month of Application is denied
                                        15 to 30 days              pregnancy, are over age 60, are caring for a child
                                                                     under 2 years old, do not have a recent work
                                                                         history, or have drug or alcohol problems12

New Mexico         No                       —-                                                —-                                      —-
New York           Yes        Participate in activities deemed         Individuals age 60 or older, in the last month of      Application is denied
                              appropriate by the caseworker              pregnancy, ill or incapacitated, caring for a
                                                                      disabled household member, or caring for a child
                                                                                   under 3 months old13
North Carolina       14       Participate in activities deemed        Determined by caseworkers on case-by-case basis                  *
                  Yes
                              appropriate by the caseworker
North Dakota       Yes         Participate in work activities         Determined by caseworkers on case-by-case basis         Application is denied
                              program, including job search15
Ohio               No                       —-                                                —-                                      —-
Oklahoma           No                       —-                                                —-                                      —-
Oregon            No16                      —-                                                —-                                      —-
Pennsylvania      Yes17     Participate in a job search program         Individuals who would be exempt from work                   Varies18
                                                                                       requirements
Rhode Island       No                       —-                                              —-                                        —-
South Carolina     Yes                                           19   Individuals who are in at least the seventh month       Application is denied
                            Make 5 job contacts over 2 weeks
                                                                       of pregnancy, incapacitated, victim of domestic
                                                                      violence, or reapplying to cure a sanction within
                                                                        60 days after the closure, ineligible aliens, and
                                                                      single-parent units with a child under 12 months
                                                                                              old
                                                                                                            1
Table I.A.2 Mandatory Job Search at Application, July 2010
                      Job
                     search         Description of job search                Who is exempt from job search at                What is the penalty
State               required              requirement                                  application                           for noncompliance
South Dakota           No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Tennessee              No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Texas                  No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Utah                   No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Vermont                Yes     Participate in a job-seeking class or    Individuals who have barriers to work or lack a      Application is denied
                               conduct individual job search with a             recent and stable work history20
                                          case manager
Virginia               No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Washington             No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
West Virginia          No                        —-                                            —-                                     —-
Wisconsin              Yes      Participate in a job search program            Individuals who are not job-ready              Application may be
                                                                                                                                    denied
Wyoming                No                        —-                                            —-                                    —-
Source: The Urban Institute's Welfare Rules Database, funded by HHS/ACF and HHS/ASPE.

 * Data not obtained
 1 This table refers to single-parent unit heads over 21 years old.
 2 The unit's grant will be reduced in the same way sanctions are applied for noncompliance with regular work activities: the grant is reduced
 by 40 percent at the first instance of noncompliance, 75 percent after four months of noncompliance with assigned work activities, and 100
 percent after eight months of noncompliance.
 3 Counties have the option to vary their diversion programs. These policies refer to Los Angeles County.
 4 Counties have the option to vary their diversion programs. These policies refer to Denver County.
 5 The job search requirement is being phased in county by county and will be statewide by September 2011. Applicants must contact a

 minimum of 10 employers over four weeks. Individuals who are declared unable to work by a medical professional, caring for a child under
 12 weeks old, or caring for an incapacitated or ill household member are exempt. If the individual fails to comply with the job search
 requirement, the benefit will be reduced by his or her portion of the benefit until the individual complies with the requirement.
 6 Victims of domestic violence, those who are unable to obtain child care or transportation, and those who are (or are caring for a family

 member who is) in need of treatment for a temporary mental or physical illness receive a temporary exemption.
 7 As a condition of eligibility, applicants must participate in the four-month Diversionary Work Program (DWP), during which they receive

 benefits and intensive employment services focused on helping them obtain unsubsidized jobs before receiving TANF. See table I.A.1 for
 more information.
 8 Although it is possible to participate in various activities that address barriers to employment, most applicants are placed in a structured job

 search. After the Diversionary Work Program is complete, participants still needing assistance may apply for TANF as applicants.
 9 On the 30th day of noncompliance by the parent, the application is denied.
 10 Specific work requirements will be developed with a caseworker and tailored to the individual's circumstances. Additional activities may

 be assigned.
 11 Job search is a mandatory part of the state's diversion program. Once in the program, participants receive an activity payment and are

 required to search for a job during the TANF application process. If no employment is secured, the applicant is referred back for traditional
 cash assistance. See table I.A.1 for more information.
 12 Recent work history is defined as four or more months of full time employment in the past 12 months.
 13 The caretaker of a child exemption may last for no more than 12 months in a recipient's lifetime and it may not last for more than 3 months

 for any one child unless the social services official makes a determination to extend the exemption for up to the total of 12 months.
 14 At the discretion of the county intake interviewer, applicants may be required to register with a job search program before applying for

 benefits.
 15 Applicants determined eligible for diversion assistance will be placed in a work activities program. Specific activities will be determined

 by a caseworker, but they may include job search in addition to other work activities.
 16 Job search is not an eligibility requirement, but many applicants are assigned to job search and receive a labor-market test (a structured and

 assisted job search designed to assess the applicant's employability).
 17 Pennsylvania operates a mandatory, non-assistance program for work-eligible applicants. Families participating in this program receive

 benefits and services equivalent to what they would receive on TANF. Families who require assistance after four months can enroll in
 TANF. See table I.A.1 for more information.
 18 Noncompliance may result in a fiscal sanction based on the state's TANF rules or ineligibility for the family.
 19 Extensions may be granted to continue job search throughout the application period if the requirement has not been met.
 20 Stable work history is defined as six or more months of employment in the past 12 months. In addition, applicants must have received

 wages for their most recent job that equaled or exceeded 150 percent of the federal poverty level.

				
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