Kleophrades Painter Hydria Fact Scan: Date: 500-480BC Type: Hydria (Storing and pouring water – 3 handles) Technique: Red Figure (the figures are red!) Potter: Kleophrades Painter: Kleophrades Painter Height: 42 cm Subject: Illioupersis – destruction of Troy. Kleophrades Painter Hydria Kleophrades Painter Hydria Askanios, Aeneas and Anchises flee from Troy as it’s destoryed by the invading Greeks. Kleophrades Painter Hydria Ajax – the son of Oileus – steps over a dead Trojan (blood stained and lying on his back), invades a sanctuary of Athena, seizes Cassandra – who valiantly (but pointlessly) resists. She seeks support from the statue of Athena Kleophrades Painter Hydria Two Trojan take refuge in the sanctuary of Athena – clutching their hair in despair. Next to them, a rowan tree, bent back with the storms of destruction. Priam is being slain by Neoptolemos – note his helplessness and the blood. His grandson Astyanax is already dead on his grandfather’s lap…blood spurting from his tiny corpse Kleophrades Painter Hydria A valiant Trojan woman uses a pestle to fight off a fully armed Greek soldier. The kneeling old woman is Aithra – brought from Greece with Helen. Akamas and Demophon (the sons of Theseus) rescue her. A poor blond-haired Trojan girl clasps her hair in despair – she knows a life of misery will follow for her Kleophrades Painter Hydria Key features •Composition •Mood •Narrative Kleophrades Painter Composition Hydria •The frieze occupies the severely sloping shoulder of the vase. •There is greater space at the shoulder than the neck, so the frieze is composed of a series of triangles •These represent either continuous or near- continuous action •Large space occupied by bodies, altars, drapery and children Scene framed above and below by decorative motifs - identify Kleophrades Painter Hydria Narrative •Dilute slip for blood •Gestures of e.g hopelessness, aggression etc •Hierarchical scaling •Juxtaposition of men and women •Symbols – rowan tree •Pose – Achises looking back Kleophrades Painter Hydria Mood •Five moods are engendered here…hope, horror, despair, liberation and courage •HOW?! Kleophrades Painter Hydria Political significance This is a Greek painter presenting the Greeks as vicious conquerors. Why? Collective guilt from the WAY that the Trojans were dealt with (cf. USA vs Vietnam?). Why now? The end of the Persian wars? Maybe this is a political statement.
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