Office of Facilities & Campus Planning
Eduardo N. del Valle, A.I.A., P.P., AICP
Associate Vice President
Confined Space Entry Procedures
Kean University requires that all Confined Spaces (PRCS) are entered using the utmost
safety as defined by the law or standard “1910.146 Permit Required Confined Spaces”
found in the Occupational Safety and Health Standard (Part 1910, Title 29 CFR, subpart
This document is a simplified guideline to show proper procedure for entering a PRCS at
Kean University. It is not intended to provide detailed information on PRCS entry. More
information can be found in the Occupational Safety and Health Standard and the Kean
University Confined Space Entry Program policy statement.
Permit Required Confined Spaces
All Confined Spaces here at Kean University will be considered Permit Required
Confined Spaces are listed in section 3.2 of the Confined Space Entry Program policy
statement. If a space is not listed but you feel that it should be considered a PRCS
immediately notify the Environmental Health & Safety officer.
Confined Space Entry Team Members
Only members of the Facilities and Campus Planning Department of Kean University
who have received Confined Space Program Training may enter a PRCS. The training
provided allows qualified trainees to be assigned the duties of Entry Supervisors,
Attendants, or Entrants based on their knowledge and overall capability to handle the
position assigned to them.
Confined Space Rescue Team
Kean University is required to have a rescue team on site and ready to respond whenever
a PRCS is entered. Union Township does not have a Confined Space Rescue Team, but
under the mutual aid agreement Elizabeth Fire Department Rescue 1 would respond when
there is need for such an entry rescue. For compliance reasons, Kean University must
provide a rescue team of its own who have been trained and hold current certification for
Confined Space Rescue Awareness training as well as successful completion of the Red
Cross First aid/CPR/AED training.
Confined Space Entry Rescue Team Members
Only members of the Facilities and Campus Planning Department of Kean University
who have received the following training will be considered members of the Confined
Space Entry Rescue Team:
Confined Space Rescue Awareness Training
First Aid/CPR/AED Training (American Red Cross)
Self-contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) Training
The training provided allows all who participated and fit the qualifications set forth by
Kean University Management, to act as Entry Supervisors, Attendants, Entrants, Rescue
Team Personnel, or Rescue Team Supervisor. Typically, the Rescue Team Supervisor
will be the Engineer In Charge Of Maintenance or the Plumbing Supervisor.
The entry supervisor makes sure conditions are safe. Before entry, the supervisor verifies
that the permit is filled out completely, all safety steps listed, such as acceptable air
monitoring results for an entry, and all equipment is present and in good working order.
He/She then signs the form and the entry can commence. During entry, the entry
supervisor checks conditions and air monitor readings to make sure they stay safe
throughout the work. If conditions become unsafe, the permit is cancelled and everyone
is ordered out of the space. The entry supervisor sees that any unauthorized people are
removed from the entry and the nearby area. When the work is finished, the entry
supervisor cancels the permit and concludes the operation.
The attendant stays at his or her post to observe conditions and support the entrant. As an
attendant, you must have good knowledge of the hazards of the confined space and the
signs of exposure. Keep a current and accurate count of all entrants assigned to that entry
event. Stay in continuous contact with the entrants. Be sure only authorized people enter
the space or the area surrounding the space. Order all workers out of the space in any of
You see a condition not allowed by the entry permit.
You notice signs of exposure in any entrant.
You see something outside the permit space that could cause danger
You must focus your attention on the rescue of entrants from another
If the entrants need to escape, call the rescue team at once. In case of emergency do not
enter the permit space unless you are trained in confined space rescue, have proper
emergency equipment and another attendant is there to replace you. In this case
immediately notify the professional Rescue personnel and monitor the conditions of the
The entrant must do his part to control the hazards of confined space entry. As an
entrant, be sure you know the hazards of the space and the signs of exposure. For
example, lack of oxygen can cause:
Loss of muscle control
Misguided feeling of well-being
Ringing in the ears
Follow your personal protective equipment training carefully. Keep in contact with the
attendant, and leave the space at once if you are ordered to evacuate. Always be ready to
evacuate quickly and, if possible, without help. If you see that you are in danger, inform
the attendant and leave the space immediately.
Rescue Team Member
When acting as a Rescue Team Member, you cannot serve as an Entry Supervisor, an
Attendant, or an Entrant. A Rescue Team Member can continue performing his normal
work duties but must be available for immediate response to an emergency at the
confined space entry area. He or she is not required to be at the site of the Confined
Space Entry. The only requirement is that the Rescue Team Member be notified of a
pending entry, be in communication with the Confined Space Entry Team via walkie-
talkie, be aware of the exact location of the entry, and remain on the Kean University
Campus during the entry.
Rescue Team Supervisor
The Rescue Team Supervisor is responsible for making sure that there are enough Rescue
Team Members on site to perform a confined space entry. It is his or her responsibility to
coordinate the team to insure a fast response if an emergency arises. It is the concern of
the Rescue Team Supervisor to mobilize the Rescue Team if needed. The Rescue Team
Supervisor should designate Rescue Team Members to perform the following functions if
an emergency arises:
Rescue Member # 1: Make emergency phone calls to the Fire Dept.,
Police Dept., Hospital, ambulance service,
Rescue Members # 2 & # 3: Retrieve all necessary rescue equipment
from the Confined Space Rescue Team locker and
bring it to the confined space entry site for use if
Rescue Team Supervisor: If called upon, mobilize the rescue team
and insure they carry out their designated
functions. Immediately respond to the
confined space entry site to ascertain the
nature of the emergency and coordinate the
Step By Step Instructions
1. Determine if a space is a permit required confined space. If not, perform work as
needed. If so, continue to step 2.
2. Designate individuals for Entry Supervisor, Attendant(s), and Entrant(s).
3. The Entry Supervisor should notify the Engineer In Charge Of Maintenance or
Plumbing Supervisor of pending confined space entry. Either one of these
individuals will give you a blank Confined Space Entry permit. They will also
inform you who the Confined Space Rescue Team Supervisor is.
4. Fill out the Confined Space Entry Permit completely and proceed with air
monitoring at the space.
5. Await confirmation that a full complement of rescue team members is available
and that the confined space entry is safe for entry.
6. Inform the Rescue Team Supervisor when the confined space is entered. If the
space is evacuated for breaks or lunch inform the Rescue Team Supervisor.
When the space is reentered again inform the Rescue Team Supervisor and await
confirmation that the Rescue Team is again on standby.
7. If an emergency arises notify the Rescue Team Supervisor. Be sure that it is a
true emergency. Phone calls will be made immediately for emergency support
from the University Police, Union Township Fire Dept., etc. Stay at the confined
space entry site to inform the Rescue Team Supervisor of conditions when he
arrives. Do not attempt a rescue on your own. (60 % of the fatalities in confined
space accidents are the results of misguided rescue attempts.)
8. When work is completed, inform the Rescue Team Supervisor so that the Rescue
Team can be notified that the work is completed and they can “stand down.”
9. Meet with the Entry Supervisor and Attendant to evaluate the confined space
entry and procedures used. If improvements are needed and revisions can be
made to the procedures for Kean University confined space entry policy.
If proper procedures are followed, the risks associated with a confined space entry can be
kept to a minimum. Kean University is committed to the safety of its employees. We
depend on the individual to see that all measures are used to promote a safe working