Sustainability by 3Hx7xU2



    An Academic Pursuit
Four Types of Sustainability
   Environmental
   Social
   Economic
   Human
Environmental Sustainability
   Protection of natural capital
       Water, air, minerals, ecosystem resources
           Much converted into economic capital or
            manufactured capital
   Natural capital maintained as a material
    source as well as a sink for wastes
Environmental Sustainability
   Source side = use renewables less than or equal to
    regeneration rate
   Sink side = release waste at rate less than or equal
    to ability of environment to handle waste
   Technology can promote or inhibit ES
   Nonrenewables can be made semi-sustainable if
    use rate held equal to development of renewable
ES Fields of Study
   Biology
   Chemistry
   Geoscience
   Geography
   Economics
   Business
   Political Science
   Interior Design
Social Sustainability
   Social sustainability = maintaining social
       Investments and services creating basic
        framework for society
       Community cohesion for mutual benefit,
        connectedness between groups of people,
        tolerance, compassion, equal rights, patience,
        access to information, common standards of
        behavior, discipline and ethics
Social Sustainability
   Commonly shared rules, laws and
    information promote social sustainability
   Violence is cost of failure to invest in
    social capital
       Violence and social breakdown major barriers
        to sustainability
Social Sustainability
   Criminal Justice
   Political Science
   Sociology
   Philosophy
   Religion
   Peace Studies
   Geography
Social Sustainability
   Anthropology
   Communication
   Computer Science
   Psychology
   Civic Engagement
   Global Studies
   Modern Languages
Economic Sustainability
   Economic capital should be maintained
       Consumption should only occur to the extent that one
        can remain as well off at the end of the period
           Consumption of interest (value added, not capital)
   Economics values money and rarely natural
       Economics must add scale to traditional criteria of
        allocation and efficiency
       Material, labor and energy must be renewable
       Waste streams converted into income streams
Economic Sustainability
   Economics
   Business
   Ecology
Human Sustainability
   Maximizing the life experience
       Human lifespan finite
       Human sustainability requires investments in
        the individual for duration of life
   Human sustainability = maintaining human
       Health, education, skills, knowledge,
        leadership and access to services
Human Sustainability II
   Good start – promoting maternal health and
    nutrition, safe birthing, early childhood
   Requires 2-3 decades of formal education
    and apprenticeship
   Requires continued inputs into skills
    development, education, preventative
    health care and curative health care
Human Sustainability
   Nursing
   Social work
   Education
   Medical sciences
   Psychology
   Sociology
   Nutrition
   Interior Design
The three pillars of development (economic, social and
environmental) must be strengthened together. But it is
evident that two of the pillars - economic and social - are
subsidiary to, and underpinned by, the third: a vibrant
global ecology. Neither dollars nor our species will out-
survive our planet. The earth can survive happily without
people or profit - Dave Hampton (letter to the Financial
Times, November 2004)
   Robert Goodland “Sustainability: Human, Social,
    Economic and Environmental” – Encyclopedia of
    Global Climate Change (John Wiley and Sons,
   UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs
    Division for Sustainable Development Website:

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