Literary terms 7th Grade Honors Part B

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Literary terms 7th Grade Honors Part B Powered By Docstoc
					Literary Terms
7 th   Grade Honors
         Part B
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        Exposition
Introduction
or The part of
the work that
introduces the
character,
setting, and
Basic situation
       Exposition
        Writing
 Writing
  that
explains
   or
informs
Extended Metaphor
   A subject
                               Bat
 is spoken or             My son is a bat.
                  His eyes blink when darkness comes.
    written                His body stirs with life.
                        His limbs gorge with blood
                 as he sets out through the cave of night
 of as though                  his roof the stars
                   the moon a big white eye watching.
    it were            Attracted by the false lights
                     he mingles with his batty friends
                    weaving in and out of nightclubs
something else                  endless parties
                              each other’s places
                        till sensing the sudden ebb
                                  of darkness
                                he flutters home
                               a cloaked Dracula
                          to the hollow of his room
                        where he will sleep all day.
            fable
A brief story
  or poem,
Usually with
   animal
 characters,
that teaches
  a lesson,
  or moral
          Fantasy
Highly imaginative
writing that
contains elements
not found
in real life
Prose writing
  that tells
    about
 imaginary
 characters
 and events
             Figurative Language

Writing or                                   I am

speech
                                          hungry as
                                           a horse.
that is not
meant
to be taken literally

                        He is as sneaky
                         as a snake.
A scene within a story that
interrupts the sequence of
events to relate events that
occurred in the past
              Folk Tale
A story composed
orally and then
passed from person
to person by word of
mouth
The author’s use of clues
to hint at what might
happen later in the story
Free Verse
                      I Dream'd in a Dream
Poetry                by Walt Whitma

not written
                       I DREAM'D in a dream I saw a city invincible to
in a regular,         the attacks of the
                      whole of the rest of the earth,
rhythmical pattern,    I dream'd that was the new city of Friends,
or meter               Nothing was greater there than the quality of
                      robust love, it led
                       the rest,
                        It was seen every hour in the actions of the men
                      of that city,
                       And in all their looks and words.
                  Genre
A division or type of
   literature
1. Poetry: lyric poetry,
   concrete poetry, dramatic
   poetry, narrative poetry,
   epic poetry
2. Prose: fiction (novels and
   short stories) and
   nonfiction (biography,
   autobiography, letters,
   essays, and reports)
3. Drama: serious drama and
   tragedy, melodrama, and
   farce
         Haiku
    A
three-line
Japanese
  verse
  form
      Hero or heroine
   A character
 whose actions
       are
inspiring or noble
           Historical Fiction
   In historical
        fiction,
   real events,
       places,
  or people are
incorporated into
    a fictional,
or made-up story
           humor
Writing
intended
to
evoke
laughter
           images
Words
or
phrases
that appeal
to one or more
of the
five senses
                            Irony
A contradiction between what
happens and what is expected.
1. Situational irony occurs when
    something happens that
    directly contradicts the
    expectations of the
    characters or the audience.
2. Verbal irony is something
    contradictory that is said.
3. Dramatic irony is when the       Birds getting singing
    audience is aware of                   lessons
    something that the character
    or speaker is not.
                Journal
A daily, or periodic,
account of events
and the
writer’s thoughts
and feelings
about those events
           Legend
A widely told
story about the
past – one that
may or may not
have a
foundation
in fact
           Letters
A written
communication
from
one person
to another
                  Limerick
A humorous,
rhyming,             There once was a fellow named Tim.
                     whose dad never taught him to swim.
five-line poem                He fell off a dock.
                            and sunk like a rock.
                        And that was the end of him.
with a specific
meter and
rhyme scheme
          Lyric Poem
A highly musical
verse that
expresses the
observations and
feelings
of a
single speaker
Reports,
explanations,
opinions, or
descriptions
written for
television,
radio,
newspapers,
and magazines
       Metaphor
A figure of
speech in
which
something is
described as
though it were   I am a rainbow
something else
The meter
of a poem
is its
rhythmical pattern

				
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