2010 07 16 164559 PHI 105 Philosopher Quotes Fingerling by iYfC33Vl


									Buddhism: Siddhartha Gautama (p. 531) - “All human problems are rooted in the fact of
change and the uncertainty, anxiety, and fear that it causes” (Moore & Bruder, 2008).

Siddhartha Gautama was a philosopher during c. 563 – c. 483 B.C.E. whose philosophies
became a part of the Buddhism religion (Moore & Bruder, 2008). Buddhism is based on helping
to overcome pain and doubt in human survival through peace of the soul. The quote accurately
represents Siddhartha Gautama’s philosophy from his doctrine of the Four Noble Truths for
answering problems of suffering (Moore & Bruder, 2008).

Taoism: Lao Tzu (p. 535) - “The sage desires to have no desire…and returns to what the
multitude has missed.” (Moore & Bruder, 2008).

Lao Tzu is the founder of Taoism and lived in Taoism philosophy and religion. Lao Tzu believed
that the primary principle that ruled all existence was Way. Lao Tzu believed that lives can be
bettered by understanding the laws of nature which is represented by the quote.

Chang Tzu (p. 542) – “Happiness is the absence of the striving for happiness.” (Think Exist,

Chang Tzu believed that happiness in life and death could only be achieved through the
understanding of Tao and dwelling of unity.

Confucianism: Confucious (p. 545) - “No one begins with wisdom, but with diligence and
determined study, wisdom can be acquired. And once acquired, wisdom becomes an instrument
for perfecting oneself, the family, and society.” (Moore & Bruder, 2008).

Confucianism is the philosophy of Confucius which is centered on humanity and deals with a lot
of today’s philosophies. Confucius had ideas to better one personal life. This quote is true for all
aspects of life. When good things are done for us and for others then wisdom in life is built.

Mencius (p. 549) - “Human nature is inherently good, and this goodness can be actualized if
people would develop their potentiality – as would happen under a just and humane regime.”
(Moore & Bruder, 2008).

Mencius was a Confucian philosopher from c. 371 to c. 289 B. C. E. who was second to
Confucius. Mencius felt that humans had to experience some suffering in life to fully enjoy the
good that life could offer.

Hsün Tzu (p. 553) – “If wood is pressed against a straightening board, it can be made straight. If
metal is put to the grindstone, it can be sharpened. And if the gentleman studies widely and each
day examines himself, his wisdom will become clear and his conduct be without fault. . . .
Children born among the Han or Yueh people of the south and among the Mo barbarians of the
north cry with the same voice at birth, but as they grow older they follow different ways.
Education causes them to differ” (Theosophy Trust, n.d.).
Hsun Tzu was a strong believer in education and morals. According to Hsun Tzu the world could
not be a moral place due to the many different beliefs of morals and teachings throughout the

Ch'an Buddhism: Hui Neng (p. 554) - "When our mind works freely without any hindrance,
and is at liberty to 'come' or to 'go', we attain Samadhi of Prajna, or liberation. Such a state is
called the function of 'thoughtlessness'. But to refrain from thinking of anything, so that all
thoughts are suppressed, is to be Dharma-ridden, and this is an erroneous view.” (Good Reads,

Hui Neng focused his teachings on original enlightenment. Teaching cannot occur till the
individual is able to move through their defilements to allow for their purity to be whole.

Tendia Buddhism: Dogen Kigen (p. 561) – “Do not think that you will necessarily be aware of
your own enlightment” (Think Exist, 2010).

Dogen Kigen developed the philosophy of temporality in which he suggests that all things on
earth generate their own time.

Mahayana Buddhism: Murasaki Shikibu (p. 559) – "moment in the history of our country
when the whole energy of the nation seemed to be concentrated upon the search for the prettiest
method of mounting paper scrolls!" (Women in World History, 2010).

Murasaki Shikibu was a well educated female known for her writing. She worked in the court
and had a strong disliking for the way court and the country was handled.

Samurai Tradition (Zen Buddhism): Yamamoto Tsunetomo (pp. 566–567) - “Human life is
a short affair. It is better to live doing the things that you like.” (Moore & Bruder, 2008).

Yamamoto Tsunetomo studies Zen Buddhism (Moore & Bruder, 2008). Yamamoto Tsunetomo
expressed his thoughts in Hagakure in which Tsunetomo states that life’s uncertainties cause
pain and difficulties, and all humans are flawed, ignorant, selfish, and unreasonable.

Good Reads. (2010). Hui Neng Quotes. Retrieved on July 16, 2010 from

Moore, B. N. & Bruder, K. (2005). Philosophy: The power of ideas (6th ed.). Boston: McGraw-
      Hill Higher Education.

Theosophy Trust. (n.d.). Hsun Tzu. Retrieved on July 16, 2010 from

Think Exist. (2010). Chuang Tzu Quotes. Retrieved on July 16, 2010 from

Think Exist. (2010). Dogen Kigen Quotes. Retrieved on July 16, 2010 from

Women in World History. (2010). Murasaki Shikibu. Retrieved on July 16, 2010 from

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