at-a-glance by linxiaoqin

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									                         Health and Safety
                         Executive




At a glance guide to
Health and Safety Statistics

2010/11
            At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                                            www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                                WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH                    WORKPLACE INJURY                  RESOURCES




 What data do we have about workplace health and safety
 in Great Britain?
       Ill health/disease                                 Safety                           Enforcement                 Other topics
      Estimates of the number                     Number of people and                   Number of companies        Cost to Britain of health
      of people with an illness                   rates of injury at work               prosecuted for breaches       and safety failings
      which is caused or made                     for different groups of                 of health and safety
         worse by their work                              workers                              legislation         Working days lost due to
                                                                                                                   work-related ill health and
       Rates of work-related ill                  Number of dangerous                   Number of enforcement                injury
      health for different groups                occurence reports from                 notices served by health
      of workers (eg by industry                       employers                         and safety inspectors      European comparisons
           and occupation)                                                                                           of health and safety
                                                                                                                          indicators
      Estimated deaths due to
          work exposures


   Find out more about work-related ill health      Find out more about injuries                Go to the                     Go to the
                                                                                         Enforcement statistics    Statistics website topic list
        Go to the Statistics website               Go to the Statistics website




  1     Overview
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                                           www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                        WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH                          WORKPLACE INJURY                   RESOURCES




 Health and safety compared, 2010/11
  Self-reported health and safety Working days lost due to health and                               Work-related deaths by cause
   incidents (1.1 million cases) safety incidents (26.4 million days)                                  (over 12 000 deaths)
                                                    Note: Includes long standing ill health cases




           Musculoskeletal              Stress          Other illness             Injury            Other illness        Injury     Cancer
       ■ Ill health accounts for 45% of the health and safety incidents, 84% of the related         Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder
           sickness absence and over 99% of the work-related deaths each year

  2   Key facts
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                      www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                         WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH     WORKPLACE INJURY                  RESOURCES




 Types of work-related ill health
     Common health conditions                                              Long-latency conditions
       which can be caused or made worse by work                which can be caused by previous work activity and
                                                              where symptoms can appear many years after exposure
            Work-
           related
      Stress                            Work-related                  Asbestos
                          Musculoskeletal                               -related disease
                                                                                                Cancers
                                          disorders
                      d
           Work-related                                                         Work-related
             Skin                         Work                     Other    Hearing
              disease                    related
                                                           Respiratory loss
                                      Asthma                               D
                                                            disease, eg COPD
                                                                                  Vibration
                                                                                                re
                                                                                                related
                                                                                               -related disease




  3   Work-related ill health TYPES
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                                www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                     WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH              WORKPLACE INJURY                      RESOURCES




 What do we know about ...                                                           Find out more about Stress statistics
                                                                                     Find out more about Stress controls

                                                          2010/11 statistics
                                                              /       i tc
                                                          2010/11 statistics
                                                         new cases: 211 000
                                                         new cases: 211 000
                            10.8 million
                            10.8 million
                             0      lo                   Pre-existing cases
                                                         Pre-existing cases                     Higher
                                                                                                Higher
                             working
                                   n
                             working                          189 000
                                                              189 0000                         rates for
                                                                                               rates for
                             days lost
                             days lost t                                                      women than
                                                                                              women than
                                                                                                 me n
                                                                                                 men


         Highest rates
         Highest rates
           g          s
                                           Work-related
                                           Stress?
          n the largest
                     s
         in the largest
          workplaces
          workplaces
       (>250 employees)
                   o
       (>250 employees)


                           Highest rates
                           Highest rates
                             g         s                                                          Higher
                        in managerial and
                           managerial and
                                    a                                                     rates for middle aged
                           professional
                                   o
                           professional                     Highest rates
                                                            Highest rates
                                                                g        s                       workers
                           occupations
                           occupations
                                    o                         i
                                                       in public administration,
                                                                        t
                                                       in public administration,              (ages 35 to 54)
                                                        health and social
                                                                       a
                                                        health and social care
                                                            and education
                                                                     a
                                                            and education


  4   Work-related STRESS
            At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                                    www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                          WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH             WORKPLACE INJURY                      RESOURCES




 What do we know about ...                                                               Find out more about MSD statistics
                                                                                         Find out more about MSD controls

                                                               2010/11 statistics
                                                              New cases: 158 000
                             Highest rates                    Pre-existing cases:                 Significant
                              in manual                            351 000                     reduction in cases
                              and skilled                                                          over last
                             occupations                                                           10 years


           Highest rates in
                                             Work-related
      agriculture, construction
           and postal and
          courier activities                 Musculoskeletal
                             Highest rates
                                             disorders?                                            7.6 million
                              for workers                                                           working
                               aged over                          Approximately                     days lost
                                   45                        40% of disorders affect
                                                            the back, and 40% affect
                                                                 the upper limbs


  5     Work-related MUSCULOSKELETAL disorders
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                              www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                    WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH            WORKPLACE INJURY                      RESOURCES




 What do we know about ...                                                        Find out more about cancer statistics
                                                                                  Find out more about cancer controls

                                                         8000 deaths and
                                                        13 000 new cases
                         Over 5000 cases                    estimated                     Three times
                       estimated each year                   per year               more men than women die
                      from the construction                                            from occupational
                             industry                                                        cancer


      Most new cases are
                                        Occupational                                         Primary source of data for occupational



                                        Cancer
         lung cancer,                                                                        cancer Cancer Burden Study
       breast cancer or
          skin cancer


                         Other causes of                                                The most common
                  occupational cancer are shift                                     forms of cancer leading to
                  work, solar radiation, mineral           The leading              death are lung cancer and
                          oils and silica               cause of death is                 mesothelioma
                                                      occupational exposure
                                                           to asbestos


  6   Work-related CANCER
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                                   www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                     WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH               WORKPLACE INJURY                     RESOURCES




 What do we know about ...                                                            Find out more about asbestos-related disease
                                                                                                          statistics
                                                                                      Find out more about asbestos-related disease
                                                             At least 4000                                controls
                                                          deaths in total per
                       2321 mesothelioma                  year currently, and                     Over
                         deaths in 2009:                    still increasing                 400 deaths from
                           1933 in men,                                                       asbestosis in
                          388 in women                                                            2009


      About as many lung
  cancer deaths from asbestos
  exposure as mesotheliomas
                                       Asbestos-related
           each year
                                       disease?
                         Annual male                                                       Diseases take many
                   mesothelioma deaths could                                                years to develop
                     peak as high as 2100                  Current deaths are              following exposure
                            in 2016                    a result of past exposures,             to asbestos
                                                         particularly in building-
                                                               related jobs


  7   Work-related ASBESTOS disease
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                                www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                     WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH             WORKPLACE INJURY                      RESOURCES




 What do we know about ...                                                          Find out more about respiratory disease
                                                                                                        statistics
                                                                                    Find out more about respiratory disease
                                                                About                                   controls
                                                          7000 new cases
                      About 30 000 workers               per year according                Includes asthma,
                    report they currently have                 to GPs                   COPD, pneumoconiosis
                     breathing/lung problems                                            and silicosis - diseases
                    caused or made worse by                                                 that can be fatal
                               work

       261 occupational                  Work-related
    asthma cases seen by
 consultants and occupational
      physicians in 2010                 Respiratory
                        A reduction in
                                         disease?                                         Disease like COPD
                   new cases of occupational                                            can take many years to
                     asthma over the last                 About 4000 COPD               develop after workplace
                           10 years                    deaths each year due to                exposures
                                                       past exposure to gases,
                                                       dusts and fumes at work


  8   Work-related RESPIRATORY disease
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                                       www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                           WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH             WORKPLACE INJURY                       RESOURCES




 What do we know about ...                                                                Find out more about skin disease statistics
                                                                                          Find out more about skin disease controls

                                                                 About 40 000
                                                               new cases per year
                       Nearly 1500 dermatitis                     according to                  Most common type
                    cases seen by dermatologists                      GPs                      is contact dermatitis
                          and occupational                                                     caused by allergens
                         physicians in 2010                                                         or irritants


         A reduction in
                                             Work-related
                                             Skin disease?
      new dermatitis cases
       and all skin disease
        over last 10 years


                        Soaps/cleaners, wet                                                   Severity of skin disease
                     work, rubber, chemicals and                                              varies widely from minor
                       materials are the most                       Florists and            irritation to severe cases of
                          common cause of                    hairdressers continue to        dermatitis, as well as skin
                              dermatitis                         have high rates of                     cancers
                                                                     dermatitis


  9    Work-related SKIN disease
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                                  www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                      WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH               WORKPLACE INJURY                      RESOURCES




 What do we know about ...                                                             Find out more about NIHL statistics
                                                                                       Find out more about control of noise risks

                                                               NIHL is a long
                                                          latency disease that is
                          Disease occurs                    difficult to estimate           About 200 new claims
                          predominantly                          accurately                 are awarded Industrial
                              in men                                                         Injuries Disablement
                                                                                              Benefit every year


        Highest rates of
                                        Work-related,
   NIHL occur in energy and
  extraction, construction and
   manufacturing industries
                                        noise induced
                               About
                                        Hearing loss (NIHL)?
                         20 000 new cases
                             estimated                        Total number of
                              annually                   cases in Great Britain was
                                                        estimated at around 500 000
                                                                 in 1997/98


 10   Work-related HEARING loss
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                             www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                   WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH           WORKPLACE INJURY                       RESOURCES




 What do we know about ...                                                      Find out more about HAVs statistics
                                                                                Find out more about control of vibration risks

                                                       Disease caused
                                                          by use of
                        Disease occurs                 hand-held power                 Around 1500 new
                        predominantly                       tools                 claims for Industrial Injuries
                            in men                                                    Disablement Benefit
                                                                                           each year


       Foundry workers,                Hand-arm
                                       vibration disorders
       construction and
      manufacturing most
            at risk


                       New cases of both
                   vibration white finger and
                                                                         (HAVs)?
                    carpal tunnel syndrome
                                                     1998 study suggested
                   have been declining over
                                                      prevalence of HAVs
                        the past decade
                                                      was almost 300 000
                                                             cases


 11   HAND-ARM VIBRATION disorders
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                             www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                 WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH          WORKPLACE INJURY            RESOURCES




 Injury severity triangle
 2010/11                                              Fatal injury
 (not drawn to scale)
                                                       171
                                          Major injury reported by employers

                                                   26 000
                                             Injury reported by employers

                                                   118 000
                                 Self-reported injury leading to over-3-day absence

                                                   200 000
                                              Self-reported injury at work

                                                   603 000
 12   Workplace injury
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics                                                         www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW                         WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH               WORKPLACE INJURY                        RESOURCES




 What do we know about ...                                                                Find out more about workplace injury statistics
                                                                                          Find out more about controls: slips and trips
                                                                                                                        falls from height
                                                                Estimated 200 000                                       manual handling
                                                               over-3-day injuries,
                          Most frequent causes             118 000 injuries reported by                 Strong
                           of injury are manual                     employers                          declining
                         handling, slips and trips                                                       trend
                          and falls from height


           Highest rates
            in manual
                                             Workplace
           occupations

                                             injury?
                             Highest rates in                                                         Higher rates
                               agriculture,                                                             for men
                            construction and                      Higher rates                          than for
                                transport                           for less                            women
                                                                  experienced
                                                                    workers


 13   Workplace injury
           At a glance guide to Health and Safety Statistics           www.hse.gov.uk


OVERVIEW               WORK-RELATED ILL HEALTH   WORKPLACE INJURY   RESOURCES




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