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					                      Hajj

               By Ibrahim Alfouzan
                  UK - Bradford
               27th November 2005

Hajj Seminar        IslamBradford - 2005   1
               Hajj in the Qur‟an
   “The first House (of
    worship) appointed for
    men was that at Bakka;
    full of blessing and of
    guidance for all kinds of
    beings * In it are Signs
    manifest; (for example),
    the Station of Ibrahim;
    whoever enters it attains
    security; pilgrimage
    thereto is a duty men owe
    to Allah, those who can
    afford the journey; but if
    any deny faith, Allah
    stands not in need of any
    of His creatures.” [3-96]
Hajj Seminar             IslamBradford - 2005   2
               Hajj in the Qur‟an
   “Verily! As-Safa and Al-
    Marwa are the Symbols
    of Allah. So it is not a
    sin on him who
    performs Hajj and
    Umrah of the House to
    perform the going
    between them. And
    whoever does good
    voluntarily, then Allaah
    is All-Recognizer, All-
    Knower.” [2-158]

Hajj Seminar           IslamBradford - 2005   3
               Hajj in the Qur‟an
   “For Hajj are the months well-
    known. If any one undertakes
    that duty therein, let there be
    no obscenity, nor
    wickedness, nor wrangling in
    the Hajj and whatever good
    you do, (be sure) Allah knows
    it. And take a provision (with
    you) for the journey, but the
    best of provisions is piety. So
    fear Me, O men of
    understanding! [2-197]


Hajj Seminar              IslamBradford - 2005   4
                 Hajj in the Qur‟an
    “And proclaim to mankind the
     Hajj; they will come to you on
     foot and (mounted) on every
     kind of camel, lean on
     account of journeys through
     deep and distant mountain
     highways * That they may
     witness the benefits
     (provided) for them, and
     mention the name of Allah,
     through the Days Appointed,
     over the cattle which He has
     provided for them (for
     sacrifice): then eat thereof
     and feed the distressed ones
Hajj in want.” [22-27,28]IslamBradford - 2005
     Seminar                                    5
               Definition of Hajj
   Literally: The word "Hajj" means heading
    for an honorable person or place.

   Legally: Hajj means worshipping Allah by
    performing the Hajj rituals, which are
    defined as specific acts performed at a
    specific time and place in a specific way




Hajj Seminar          IslamBradford - 2005      6
                       Great Trial !
   When Ibrahim (peace be upon him) left his people's land, he
    asked his Lord to bless him with a pious son. Therefore,
    Allah gave him glad tidings that he would be the father of a
    gentle son, Ismaeel (peace be upon him). Ismaeel was born
    when Ibrahim, the Close One to Allah, was eighty-six years
    old.
   When Ismaeel was old enough to walk, Ibrahim saw in a
    dream that he sacrificed his son. As prophets' dreams are
    revelations, Abraham's dream was a great trial with which
    Allah afflicted him. The Qur'an says, "He [Ibrahim] said; 'O
    my dear son, I have seen in a dream that I must sacrifice
    you, so look, what do you think?'" In reply, Ismaeel said, "O
    my father! Do what you have been commanded. Allah
    willing, you shall find me of the steadfast." Then, they were
    commanded to submit themselves to Allah's Will.


Hajj Seminar                 IslamBradford - 2005                   7
                       Great Trial !
   The Qur'an says, "When they had both submitted their wills
    (to Allah), and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead (for
    sacrifice)." As Ibrahim and Ismaeel submitted to Allah's Will
    and began to carry out His commandment, Allah sent angels
    with glad tidings. The Qur'an says, "We called out to him, `O
    Ibrahim! you have fulfilled the dream!' Thus indeed We
    reward those who do right. Verily, that indeed was a manifest
    trial. And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice. And We
    left (blessing) for him among generations (to come) in Later
    times. Peace be upon Ibrahim! Thus indeed do We reward
    those who do right. For he was one of Our believing slaves."
   When Ibrahim and his son Ismaeel passed the trial
    successfully, Allah redeemed Ismaeel's life with a white ram
    that had sound eyes and horns which Ibrahim found tied to a
    tree. So he sacrificed it at Mina.
   Afterwards, this act has been perpetuated by the rituals of
    Hajj, especially the rite of sacrifice.
Hajj Seminar                 IslamBradford - 2005                    8
                   Holy Places
The Sacred House




Hajj Seminar         IslamBradford - 2005   9
               Holy Places
Black Stone




Hajj Seminar     IslamBradford - 2005   10
                    Holy Places
Ibrahim‟s Station




Hajj Seminar          IslamBradford - 2005   11
               Holy Places
Masa‟




Hajj Seminar     IslamBradford - 2005   12
               Holy Places
Mina




Hajj Seminar     IslamBradford - 2005   13
               Holy Places
Jamarat




Hajj Seminar     IslamBradford - 2005   14
               Holy Places
Arafat




Hajj Seminar     IslamBradford - 2005   15
                 Holy Places
Namirah Masjed




Hajj Seminar       IslamBradford - 2005   16
               Holy Places
Muzdalefah




Hajj Seminar     IslamBradford - 2005   17
                 Holy Places
The Prophet‟s Masjed




Hajj Seminar           IslamBradford - 2005   18
               Holy Places




Hajj Seminar     IslamBradford - 2005   19
                Hajj Requisite
1.   Being a Muslim.
2.   Sanity.
3.   Adulthood: Performing Hajj is not required
     from a child. If a child performs Hajj, his
     Hajj will be accepted if he has reached the
     age of discretion. Moreover, a child's
     performance of Hajj does not exempt him
     from performing the obligatory Hajj after
     reaching adulthood.
4.   Freedom.
5.   Physical and financial ability.

Hajj Seminar          IslamBradford - 2005         20
                       Pillars of Hajj

               It means any obligatory act on which
               the validity of Hajj depends and if it is
               abandoned, the Hajj is not accepted:
              Ihram.
              Standing by `Arafah.
              Ifadah Tawaf.
              Sa`i between Safa and Marwah



Hajj Seminar                 IslamBradford - 2005          21
               Obligatory acts of Hajj

       Obligatory act:

               Necessary ritual means whatever
               ritual a pilgrim must observe and if
               not, he should offer a sacrificial
               animal.



Hajj Seminar                IslamBradford - 2005      22
               Obligatory acts of Hajj

       The Seven Obligations of Hajj:

              Performing Ihram from Miqat.
              Standing by `Arafat until the sun sets.
              Spending one night in Muzdalifah.
              Staying in Mina the Tashreeq nights (11,12,13)
              Shaving the head or cutting hair short.
              Throwing pebbles.
              Farewell Tawaf.
Hajj Seminar                 IslamBradford - 2005               23
                 Types of Hajj

       There are three types of Hajj:
        Tamattu: entering ihraam for „Umrah
          only during the months of Hajj and exit
          ihramm. Then on the 8th of Dhul-Hijah
          he enters ihraam for Hajj.
        Ifraad: entering ihraam for Hajj only.
        Qiraan: entering ihraam for „Umrah
          and Hajj both together
Hajj Seminar           IslamBradford - 2005         24
               How to perform Hajj




Hajj Seminar         IslamBradford - 2005   25
                Hajj Step by Step
1.    Entering into Ihram from Miqat




 Hajj Seminar        IslamBradford - 2005   26
                Hajj Step by Step
1.    Entering into Ihram from Miqat
         Taking a bath.
         Using perfume if possible.
         Wearing Ihram garment.
         Declaring intention to perform Hajj:
          “Labbayka-Allahumma Umrah
          Mutamatean biha Ela Al-Hajj”.
         Making Talbyah.


 Hajj Seminar            IslamBradford - 2005    27
                 Hajj Step by Step
     TAlbyah
              Men should raise their voice while chanting
               Talbyah, saying: “Labbayka-Allahumma-
               Labbayk. Labbayka La Sharika Laka
               Labbayk. Inna Al-Hamda Wan-Ni`mata Laka
               Wal-Mulk. Laa Sharika Lak.”
              “Here I am, O Allaah, here I am! Here I am,
               there is none that is a partner to You, here I
               am! Surely, all praise; all bounty is Yours,
               and all power. There is none that is a partner
               to You.”
              But woman should let her voice audible only
Hajj Seminar   to herself.” IslamBradford - 2005                28
                 Hajj Step by Step
     Restrictions of Ihram:
              Sexual intercourse and all matters leading to it
               such as kissing, touching.
              Wearing any sewn clothes, such as a shirt and
               underpants.
              Woman is forbidden of wearing Niqab or
               gloves.
              Clipping Nails, Shaving, Cutting or Removing
               Hair by any Means, from the Head or any Part
               of the Body.
              Using Perfume on Body or Clothes by a Man
               or Woman.
          
Hajj Seminar   Engaging in Hunting. - 2005
                             IslamBradford                        29
                 Hajj Step by Step
     Penalty for Violating Sanctity of Ihram :

              A Muhrim who for a genuine reason is
               compelled to violate any of the restrictions of
               Ihram, like shaving his head, wearing sewn
               clothes because of cold or heat or something
               else, with the exception of having sexual
               intercourse with his spouse, he may do so,
               but he will have to slaughter a sheep, or feed
               six needy people, or fast three days to repent
               for it.


Hajj Seminar               IslamBradford - 2005             30
                    Hajj Step by Step
2.    Making Tawaf
On seeing the Ka`bah,
one should say: "O Allah,
let the honor greatness,
grandeur and
magnificence of this
House be ever-
increasing, and let all
this be reflected on the
people visiting it (for Hajj
or Umrah). O Allah, You
are the Peace and the
Source of peace. So
make us live in peace
and die in peace, and
permit us into Paradise,
the abode of peace."
 Hajj Seminar                  IslamBradford - 2005   31
                   Hajj Step by Step
2.    Making Tawaf
           Stop chanting Talbayah and go around the Ka`bah for
            seven circles.
           Start Tawaf from the Black Stone.
           Men are to leave their right shoulder bare.
           Hasten during the first three rounds of Tawaf and walk
            during the other four.
           On starting Tawaf from the Black Stone say: "In the
            Name of Allah; Allah is Greatest."
           Kiss the Black Stone if possible or even point at it with
            your right hand. But do not stand still in front of it.
           Rub the Yamani Corner with right hand every time you
            pass by it if possible, but neither kiss nor point at it.
           In making Dhikr and Du`a' during Tawaf, do not raise
            your voice.
 Hajj Seminar                    IslamBradford - 2005                   32
                  Hajj Step by Step
2.    Making Tawaf
       Perform 2-Rak’ah Prayer behind
        Maqam Ibrahim
      Recite:

                1. Surat Al-Kafirun (109) in the first Rak`ah.
                2. Surat Al-Ikhlas (112) in the second
                   Rak`ah.




 Hajj Seminar                 IslamBradford - 2005               33
                 Hajj Step by Step
3.   Making Sa’i

Ascend      Mount-Safa
and recite the Qur'anic
verse “Verily! As-Safa
and Al-Marwa are the
Symbols of Allah. So it
is not a sin on him
who performs Hajj and
Umrah of the House to
perform the going
between them. And
whoever does good
voluntarily, then Allaah
is All-Recognizer, All-
Knower.” [2-158]
 Hajj Seminar              IslamBradford - 2005   34
                Hajj Step by Step
3.    Making Sa’i

      Face the Ka`bah and raise your hands for
     supplication while saying the following thrice:
     "There is no god but Allah, Who fulfilled His
     Promise, gave victory to His servant, and
     defeated the confederates single-handedly."
     Start performing the Sa`y from Safa to
     Marwah walking, and when you reach the two
     green signs hasten your walk for a while, but
     do not run. Then return to your normal phase
     of walk. On getting to Marwah, ascend it, face
     the Ka`bah and say as you've said on Safa.
 Hajj Seminar             IslamBradford - 2005         35
                Hajj Step by Step
4.    Saving or shortening Hair:
      After finishing `Umrah, shave your
       hair completely or have it shortened.
      As for women, they should shorten
       their hair slightly. Moreover, one
       should put on his ordinary clothes,
       wear perfume and then assume Ihram
       intending Hajj on the Day of
       Tarwiyah.

 Hajj Seminar         IslamBradford - 2005     36
                Hajj Step by Step
5.    On The 8th  Going to Mina

        The pilgrim goes out to Mina
         and put on Ihram again for
         Hajj.
        Pilgrim should pray Zuhr, „Asr,
         Maghrib, „Isha‟ and Fajr there,
         shortening the prayers but not
         joining them.


 Hajj Seminar          IslamBradford - 2005   37
                  Hajj Step by Step
6.    On The 9th  Going to Arafat
           When the sun rises on the day of „Arafah, the
            pilgrim travels from Mina to „Arafah and stops in
            Namirah until the time of Zuhr (Namirah is a place
            just before „Arafah), if he can do so. If he cannot do
            it, it does not matter because staying in Namirah is
            Sunnah but it is not obligatory.
            When the sun passes its zenith (i.e., when the time
            for Zuhr prayer begins), he should pray Zuhr and
            „Asr, two rak‟ahs each, and join them together at the
            time of Zuhr, as the Prophet (peace and blessings
            of Allaah be upon him) did, so as to leave a lot of
            time for standing and making du‟aa‟.
 Hajj Seminar                IslamBradford - 2005                    38
                Hajj Step by Step
6.    On The 9th  Going to Arafat


      It is necessary to be within the borderlines
       of `Arafat, but it is not necessary to ascend
       Jabal Ar-Rahmah (Mount of Mercy).
      Keep on remembering Allah, supplicating
       Him, seeking His Mercy.
      At the sunset, go to Muzdalifah very calm
       and peacefully, chanting Talbayah
       throughout the way.
 Hajj Seminar          IslamBradford - 2005            39
                Hajj Step by Step
7.    Going to Muzdalefah
       On reaching Muzdalefah, join both
        Maghrib and `Isha‟ at the time of the latter;
        three Rak`ahs for Maghrib and two for
        `Isha'.
       If you fear that you may miss these
        prayers due to throng of people at
        Muzdalefah, then you may perform prayer
        on your way to it. Then when you reach
        Muzdalefah, you can sleep till dawn.
 Hajj Seminar          IslamBradford - 2005             40
                Hajj Step by Step
8.    On The 10th  Going Back to Mina


      Before the sunrise, go to Mina.
      Walk in calmness and keep on chanting
       Talbyah throughout the way.
      Women and unhealthy people may leave
       Muzdalifah to Mina after the moon sets.



 Hajj Seminar        IslamBradford - 2005        41
                Hajj Step by Step
8.    On The 10th  Going Back to Mina

     What to do?
     1. Throwing the Stones at Al-`Aqabah.
     2. Slaughtering the Hady (Sacrifice).
     3. Shaving or Haircut.




 Hajj Seminar        IslamBradford - 2005    42
                Hajj Step by Step
8.    On The 10th  Going Back to Mina

     1.Throwing the Stones at Al-`Aqabah:
      On reaching Mina, perform the ritual of
       throwing the stones (pebbles) of Al-
       `Aqabah successively, consecutively.
      Stop chanting Talbyah on reaching Al-
       `Aqabah, and make Takbeer (by saying
       "Allah Akbar"!) with each stone you throw.


 Hajj Seminar         IslamBradford - 2005          43
                 Hajj Step by Step
8.    On The 10th  Going Back to Mina

     2.    Slaughtering the Hady (Sacrifice):
          Then you have to slaughter the sacrificial animal
           as an expression of gratefulness to Allah that He
           has bestowed His Grace on you.

          However, if you cannot do the slaughtering by
           yourself, you can credit the price of the sacrificial
           animal in one of the certified (Islamic) banks in
           the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, so that they can
           undertake slaughtering the Hady on your behalf.
 Hajj Seminar                IslamBradford - 2005                  44
               Hajj Step by Step
8.   On The 10th  Going Back to Mina

     3.   Shaving or Haircut:
         After that, men should have their hair cut or
          shaven altogether.
         Shaving is preferable.
         Women have to cut part of their hair equal to
          a finger's tip.
         Doing so, the pilgrims get partially out of
          Ihram (the state of a pilgrim's sanctity),
            becomes permissible to do everything
                          marital 2005
            except having IslamBradford -relations .
 Hajj Seminar                                             45
                Hajj Step by Step
      On The 10th  Making Tawaf Alifadah and
8.                  Sai’

      After performing all the three steps, you
       are to go to Makkah to perform Tawaf Al-
       Ifadah.
      Follow the same steps of Arrival Tawaf.
      On finishing Tawaf Al-Ifadah you can
       undertake everything previously prohibited
       for you due to Hajj rituals.
      Make Sai’ between As-Safa and Al-
       Marwah.
 Hajj Seminar              IslamBradford - 2005     46
                Hajj Step by Step
8.    On The 10th  Making Tawaf Alifadah and
         Sai’
      It is permissible that you delay this tawaf
       and sai‟, but no later than the 13th.
      Sick people can wait till they become okay
       and making Tawaf and Sai‟.
      Menstruating woman has to wait till her
       period is over and then she makes Tawaf
       Alifadah and sai’.


 Hajj Seminar          IslamBradford - 2005          47
                Hajj Step by Step
9.    On The 11th  Spending the night at Mina



          This is the starting day of the Days of
           Tashreeq, about which the Prophet, peace
           be upon him, said: "On the Days of
           Tashreeq, enjoy foods and drinks and
           remember Allah.”




 Hajj Seminar           IslamBradford - 2005          48
              Hajj Step by Step
9.   On The 11th  Spending the night at Mina

     Throwing the Stones at the three Jamarat:
            The time for throwing the stones at the three
            Jamarat (the appointed places at which the
            stones are to be thrown) starts afternoon.
       They are to be thrown in ascending order; the
            smaller, the middle, then the greater.
       Each one of the Jamarat is to be thrown with
            seven stones successively, consecutively.
       While throwing each stone, say "Allahu-
                              Greatest).
            Akbar" (Allah is IslamBradford - 2005
 Hajj Seminar                                                49
                Hajj Step by Step
9.   On The 11th  Spending the night at Mina
     Throwing the Stones at the three Jamarat:
            While throwing the stones at the three Jamarat it is
            recommended to:
      1.    After throwing the smaller one, face Qiblah and
            supplicate Allah for a long time .
      2.    Then proceed to the middle Jamarah, throw the
            stones, face Qiblah and supplicate Allah for a long
            time.
      3.    Finally, to proceed to the greater Jamarat, after
            throwing the stones at the greater Jamarah (Al-
            `Aqabah), do not wait for supplication, because the
            Prophet, peace be upon him, did not wait after
            throwing the last Jamarat. - 2005
 Hajj Seminar                  IslamBradford                        50
                Hajj Step by Step
9.    On The 11th  Spending the night at Mina




 Hajj Seminar           IslamBradford - 2005     51
                Hajj Step by Step
9.    On The 11th  Spending the night at Mina




 Hajj Seminar           IslamBradford - 2005     52
                Hajj Step by Step
9.    On The 11th  Spending the night at Mina




 Hajj Seminar           IslamBradford - 2005     53
                Hajj Step by Step
9.    On The 11th  Spending the night at Mina




 Hajj Seminar           IslamBradford - 2005     54
                Hajj Step by Step
9.    On The 12th  Spending the night at Mina



      Throwing the Stones at the three Jamarat.
      If you are to finish your Hajj on the 12th, You
       have to leave Mine before sunset.
      It is better if you stay till the 13th.




 Hajj Seminar           IslamBradford - 2005             55
                Hajj Step by Step
9.    On The 13th  Leaving Mina


      Throwing the Stones at the three Jamarat.
      You have to leave Mine before sunset.




 Hajj Seminar        IslamBradford - 2005          56
                Hajj Step by Step
10. Farewell Tawaf

      When you intend to go home, make Farewell
       Tawaf around the Ka`bah.
      Menstruating woman is exempted from this
       Tawaf.




 Hajj Seminar        IslamBradford - 2005      57
              The Purpose of Hajj
    “And proclaim to mankind the
     Hajj; they will come to you on
     foot and (mounted) on every
     kind of camel, lean on
     account of journeys through
     deep and distant mountain
     highways * That they may
     witness the benefits
     (provided) for them, and
     mention the name of Allah,
     through the Days Appointed,
     over the cattle which He has
     provided for them (for
     sacrifice): then eat thereof
     and feed the distressed ones
Hajj in want.” [22-27,28]IslamBradford - 2005
     Seminar                                    58
               The Purpose of Hajj
   “And remember Allah during
    the Appointed Days. But if
    anyone hastens to leave in
    two days, there is no blame
    on him, and if anyone stays
    on, there is no blame on him,
    if his aim is to do right. Then
    fear Allah, and know that you
    will surely be gathered unto
    Him.” [2-203]




Hajj Seminar               IslamBradford - 2005   59
               The Purpose of Hajj
   “It is no sin on you if you
    seek of the bounty of your
    Lord (during pilgrimage).
    Then when you leave
    Arafat, remember Allah at
    the Mashar Alharam, and
    remember Him as He has
    directed you, even
    though, before this, you
    went astray.” [2-198]




Hajj Seminar               IslamBradford - 2005   60
               The Purpose of Hajj
   “So when ye have
    accomplished your holy
    rites, remember Allah, as
    you remember your
    forefathers or with a far
    more remembrance.
    There are men who say:
    "Our Lord! Give us (your
    bounties) in this world!"
    But they will have no
    portion in the Hereafter.”
    [2-200]

Hajj Seminar               IslamBradford - 2005   61
               The reward of Hajj

 The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said,


 " The Hajj which is accepted will receive
      no other reward than Paradise. "




Hajj Seminar        IslamBradford - 2005     62
                Visiting Madinah
       A pilgrim can go to Madinah before or after Hajj. Prayer
        there is better than a thousand prayers elsewhere
        except in the Holy Mosque in Makkah (which is better
        than one hundred thousand prayers elsewhere).
       Upon reaching the Prophet‟s Mosque, he prays two
        rak`ahs of salutation (tahiyyah al-masjid) or performs
        any obligatory Prayer that is due.
       He goes to the grave of the Prophet (may the peace
        and blessings of Allah be upon him) and stands before
        it. He greets him saying, “May the peace, mercy, and
        blessings of Allah be upon you, O Prophet. May Allah
        grant you a good reward on behalf of your people.”

Hajj Seminar               IslamBradford - 2005                    63
                Visiting Madinah
       He takes a step or two to his right to position himself
        before Abu Bakr and greets him saying, “May the
        peace, mercy, and blessing of Allah be upon you, O
        Abu Bakr, Caliph of the Messenger of Allah. May
        Allah be pleased with you and grant you a good
        reward on behalf of Muhammad‟s people.”
       Then he takes a step or two to his right to position
        himself before `Umar and greets him saying, “May
        the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be upon
        you, O `Umar, Commander of the Believers. May
        Allah be pleased with you and grant you a good
        reward on behalf of Muhammad‟s people.”
Hajj Seminar               IslamBradford - 2005                   64
        May Allaah Accept Your Hajj

                   www.alfouzan.ws
               ialfouzan@hotmail.com




Hajj Seminar         IslamBradford - 2005   65

				
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