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					                                    Umarla Eve Curie w wieku 102 lat

Umarla Eve Curie w wieku 102 lat

Source: http://newsgroups.derkeiler.com/Archive/Soc/soc.culture.polish/2007−11/msg01570.html



      • From: "Alexander Sharon" <a.sharon@xxxxxxx>
      • Date: Tue, 13 Nov 2007 16:04:12 GMT

Ponizsza informacja pochodzi z Daily Telegraph

Eve Curie


Last Updated: 2:26am GMT 08/11/2007




Eve Curie, who died on October 22 aged 102, was the youngest child of
the Nobel prize−winning scientists Pierre and Marie Curie but gained fame in
her own terms as a concert pianist, writer and biographer.

As her interests were musical and literary rather than scientific, Eve
Curie was the only member of her family who did not win a Nobel Prize.

In 1935 her elder sister Irene, with her husband Frederic Joliot, won
the Nobel Prize in chemistry for their synthesis of new radioactive
elements. Yet Eve did much to promote her family's scientific reputation and
was largely responsible for the creation of the emblematic Girls' Own
heroine image of her mother with the triumphal biography she published in
1937.

Eve Curie's account of her mother's life, from her birth and childhood
in Poland to her discovery, with her husband, of radioactive radium and
polonium, became a bestseller that won the American National Book Award for
non−fiction and, in 1943, was made into an MGM film starring Greer Garson as
Marie and Walter Pidgeon as Pierre.

Yet later reviewers criticised Eve Curie for covering up the affair
which Marie Curie had after her husband's death with Paul Langevin, a former
pupil of her husband's and a married man with four children, an affair that
had been a huge public scandal in France at the time.



Given when the book was published and the fact that Eve was writing about


Umarla Eve Curie w wieku 102 lat                                                               1
                                     Umarla Eve Curie w wieku 102 lat
her mother, the omission was, perhaps, understandable. But Eve's biography
also minimised or ignored the humiliations Marie faced at the hands of the
French scientific establishment and the Parisian tabloid press after her
husband's death.

Thus, while the biography may have inspired generations of scientifically
minded girls to believe that they too could succeed in a male−dominated
profession, it did not give them a true picture of the sort of hurdles they
might have to overcome.

Eve Denise Curie was born in Paris on December 6 1904, the year after her
parents (with Henri Becquerel) won the Nobel Prize for Physics. Her father,
Pierre, was killed when she was two after he slipped and fell under the
wheels of a carriage.

As a child, Eve saw little of her mother, only becoming close to her as a
teenager. In 1921, with her elder sister Irene, she accompanied Marie on a
tour of America. After Irene's marriage to Frederic Joliot, Eve lived alone
with her mother and nursed her through the leukaemia which eventually killed
her in 1934.

Though Eve Curie achieved degrees in science and philosophy at the College
Sevigny, her true interests were musical and artistic.

A proficient pianist, she performed her first concert in Paris in 1925 and
gave concerts in France and Belgium until the outbreak of war.

Attractive, chic and dark−haired, she attracted as much attention for her
beauty as for her playing. She also wrote music, theatre and film reviews
under a pseudonym.

In 1940, after the fall of France, Eve Curie went to England to work for the
Free French and was appointed head of the women's division of the
Commissariat of Information.

Famous, particularly in America, on account of her biography of her mother,
she used her public profile to promote the Free French cause on lecture
tours. In 1940 an essay, French Women and the War, was published in Atlantic
Monthly. In 1943 a series of reports from various battle fronts was
published as Journey Among Warriors.

Returning to France after the war, Eve Curie became the co−publisher of the
daily newspaper Paris Press and in 1952 was appointed a special adviser to
the Secretary General of Nato.

In 1954 she married Henri Labouisse, the American ambassador to Greece, who
would serve as executive director of Unicef when it was awarded the Nobel
Peace Prize in 1965. She herself served as a director of Unicef in Greece
from 1962 to 1965.

After her husband's death in 1987 Eve Curie divided her time between New

Umarla Eve Curie w wieku 102 lat                                               2
                                  Umarla Eve Curie w wieku 102 lat

York, Paris and Greece. She became an American citizen in 1958.


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Umarla Eve Curie w wieku 102 lat                                     3

				
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