Bachelor's Degree Candidates by yaosaigeng

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									 Howard High School
 College Admissions Night


 This Whole College
 Application Thing
Chip Saltsman
 Vice-President, Capgemini
 MIT Alumni Interviewer
 Parent
More education means more
earning power
           Education                   Average Annual Earning
                                               Power
Didn‘t finish high school                     $22,000

High school diploma                               $31,000

Associate degree (2-year)                         $38,000

Bachelor‘s degree (4-year)                        $50,000


    Source: College Board, Education Pays, 2004
College ―lifetime‖ payoff




(US Census Bureau Day and Newburger study, 2002).
The value isn‘t just money
   Longer life-span
   Greater economic stability and security
   More prestigious employment and greater job satisfaction
   Less dependency on government assistance
   Greater participation in leisure and artistic activities
   Greater community service and leadership
   The self-respect you get from your achievements
   Broad base of knowledge on which to build and solve more of life‘s
    problems.
   Much of what you gain in college comes from learning outside the
    classroom, from participating in clubs, campus organizations and ―test-
    driving‖ careers through internships and practicums.
   With some jobs, a degree is a requirement. For other it is a ―check mark‖
    and door opener.
   It is a ticket to compete that puts you in the running for a better future—but it
    isn‘t a guarantee. Everything else is up to you.

            For a lot of people, it isn’t the destination, it’s the journey!
Words to know:
 Associate Degree (AA, AS, AAT) = Two-
  year degree program
 Bachelor’s Degree (BA, BS) = Four-year
  degree
 A ―Credit‖ = one hour of class + two
  hours of other work
 FAFSA = Free Application for Federal
  Student Aid
Chip’s Top Ten Rules . . .
10. There are SEVERAL perfect
colleges for you out there!
Put together a ―portfolio‖:
   1-2 ―Safety schools‖ (that you would attend)
   3-4 ―In your zone‖
   1-2 ―Stretch schools‖

   The challenge is actually narrowing down the
    list!
Narrowing Down the List
   Location
   Setting – Urban/Suburban/Rural
   Size
   Diversity
   Activities & Sports
   Majors & Academic Programs
   Admissions Selectivity & ―Degree of Difficulty‖ –
    How much do you want to challenge yourself?
   Cost
   Other specialization
Narrowing Down the List
 www.collegeboard.com and use ―College
  Matchmaker‖ tool.
 www.princetonreview.com
 Guidance office reference tools
 Library reference books
 www.kiplinger.com/tools/college - ―Best
  values in Public Colleges‖
 Just type ―college search‖ into Google
  (106,000,000 hits)
Popular Maryland Four-Year Schools
College              Accept Rate     Average        Average Math
                                   Reading SAT          SAT
Frostburg Univ.         66%           450-550         450-500
Goucher                 67%           560-670         540-640
Loyola                  46%           560-650         570-660
McDaniel                79%           490-610         500-620
Morgan State            19%        880-1050 total
Salisbury               57%           520-600         530-610
Towson                  64%           490-580         510-600
UMBC                    71%           540-650         570-670
College Park            49%           580-670         600-700
Stevenson (used         70%           450-560         450-560
to be Villa Julie)
Popular Out-of-State Schools
College              Accept Rate     Average     Average Math
                                   Reading SAT       SAT
Boston College          30%          610-700       640-720
Clemson Univ.           57%          550-650       550-670
Delaware, Univ. of      47%          550-640       550-650
Elon University         41%          560-640       570-650
James Madison           68%          530-620       540-630
Lehigh University       41%          600-680       640-720
Penn State Univ.        62%          530-630       570-670
Virginia Tech           72%          540-630       570-660
William & Mary          31%          630-730       630-710
York College            75%          500-600       500-590
9. They really do consider ―the
whole package‖

  There    are SEVERAL perfect colleges for you out
   there!
The key rule . . .

There is no magical
 combination of attributes
 that will ensure acceptance
 to any college.
―We’re looking for kids who have pursued their passion,
whatever it is, and have become very good at it while
they’ve been top-notch students. There are an awful lot
of kids across the country that fit that outstanding
profile—one in nine are accepted.‖ --Martha Homer,
Harvard Senior Admissions Officer




         ―95% of last year’s 11,300 applicants were qualified on
         paper to join the freshman class of 1,000. We are looking
         for students who are self-motivated, who are willing to
         take risks, who are willing to risk their ego and who are
         OK with being wrong. We want the nerdy, very un-cool
         kids who live full industrial strength for their interests
         and have a passionate curiosity.‖ --MIT Dean of
         Admissions
What are they actually looking
for, anyway?
The Wesleyan checklist (each application is reviewed
  three times):
      Can they do the work?
      Class rank
      They read the essays
      SAT scores as an indicator
      Stand out in two extracurricular activities
      The track record of other students from your high school
      Are they living up to their potential?
      Do they match, and can they handle the culture at our school?
      Are they interested in us?
So, how much does the SAT
actually matter anyway?
   It is one of 20 things in the whole application
    packet.
   Some schools don‘t even look.
   It matters when it is out of synch from the rest of
    your story.
   Every year, Harvard rejects people with 800‘s,
    and every year, MIT admits people with SAT‘s in
    the 500‘s
8. Visit. Really VISIT!


   They  really do consider ―the whole package‖
   There are SEVERAL perfect colleges for you out
    there!
7. Who needs Harvard?


  Visit. Really VISIT!
  They really do consider ―the whole package‖
  There are SEVERAL perfect colleges for you out
   there!
The ―Highly Selective Universities‖
    7% - Juilliard School
    8% - Harvard
    9% - Stanford, Yale
    10% - Columbia, Cooper Union, Princeton
    12% - MIT
    13% - Brown, Dartmouth, Amherst
    14% - US Naval Academy, US Coast Guard Academy
    15% - US Military Academy (West Point), Swarthmore
    16% - Pomona, Claremont McKenna
    17% - Cal Tech, University of Pennsylvania
    18% - Middlebury, Georgetown
    19% - US Air Force Academy, Williams, Bowdoin, Duke
    20% - Cornell, CUNY – York
    21% - UC Berkeley, USC
    22% - Washington University (St. Louis), Rice
    23% - College of the SouthWest
    24% - Tufts

           Only 2.6% of schools admit less than 25% of applicants!

      US News & World Report, 2008.
What do these colleges have in
common?
   Harvard
   Yale
   Michigan
   Columbia
   United States Naval Academy
   Georgetown
   Eureka College
   Whittier College
   Texas State San Marcos
The studies show: When it
comes to long-term success,
75% of the educational benefit
is determined by the
student’s efforts and abilities.
Some of it comes from the
school.
6. Actually, you should apply to
Harvard!
  Who   needs Harvard?
  Visit. Really VISIT!
  They really do consider ―the whole package‖
  There are SEVERAL perfect colleges for you out
   there!
If it is so hard to get in, why on earth apply?
   Contact with people who are exceptionally bright, motivated, interesting, and who come from diverse
    backgrounds. From all over the world.

   Academic depth and breadth in your selected fields

   Academic and administrative flexibility.

   Academic challenge and the highest possible standards.

   A professional reputation that opens career paths and employment opportunities.

   To learn self-discipline and time management skills from having to apply yourself to your studies.

   The self-respect that you will gain from your achievements.

   To be challenged and grow to meet these challenges.

   The chance to be among other students who regard learning as fun, rather than a chore.

   Being taught by professors who actually enjoy teaching.

   The cultural and artistic environment on campus.

   Prestige.

   To get to know another part of the country.

   To avoid the housing and class scheduling problems typical of large state schools.

   Taking freshman classes from Nobel laureates and well-known authorities in their fields.
5. You can probably pay for it
  Actually,you should apply to Harvard!
  Who needs Harvard?
  Visit. Really VISIT!
  They really do consider ―the whole package‖
  There are SEVERAL perfect colleges for you out
   there!
How?!?!?! Some strategies . . .
   FASFA – The ―Expected Family Contribution‖
    (EFC) at $45,000 is zero
   Go to Community College, then transfer
   State schools are a LOT less expensive than
    private schools.
       Average 4-year private university expenses:   $30,000+
       Average 4-year public university expenses:    $13,489
       Average 2-year public university expenses:     $2,361
   Schools compete for particular students
The ―transfer student‖ strategy




 Barack Obama                   Stephen Colbert
       Columbia                    Northwestern
(Occidental College transfer)   (Hampden-Sydney transfer)
How?!?!?! There is more
financial aid than you think . . .
   Hope Scholarship Credit
   Lifetime Learning Credit
   Grants
   Federal Loans
   Coverdell ESA
   Private Scholarships
   Unsecured private loans
   Home-equity loans and lines of credit
   Work-study programs
   529 savings plans
   ROTC
Is Community College for you?
    You know where you want to be but need some training to get
    there
    You want to explore different choices before settling on a path
    You need to cut the cost of a four-year college degree
      Average 4-year private university expenses: $30,000+
      Average 4-year public university expenses: $13,489
      Average 2-year public university expenses: $2,361
    You want to sharpen your study skills before enrolling at a
    university
    You want small classes and personal attention during your first
    college years
    You want to continue to work at your job while going to college
    You want to live at home
Timeline: Community College

   Registration is 1st come, 1st served!
   Fairly straightforward process:
     Accuplacer test
     Meet with advisor
     Create your schedule

   You can register up to the day the class starts
   Most classes fill up – sign up early to get the
    best times for you!
Fastest Growing Professions 2008-2018 (2-year
Degrees)

   Dental Hygienists (+36%)
   Veterinary Technologists and Technicians (+36%)
   Physical Therapist Assistants (+33%)
   Forensic Scientist Technicians (+31%)
   Environmental Science and Protection Technicians (+30%)
   Occupational Therapist Assistant (+30%)
   Registered Nurses (+22%)

Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics, Department of Labor, Dec. 2009
Associates Degree jobs that pay
serious money
   Accounting - $57,020 (average annual income)
   Employment & Placement Manager - $42,420 (study
    Business/Human Resources)
   Registered Nurse - $57,280
   Dental Hygienist - $30.19/hour
   Private Investigator - $33,750 (study Criminal Justice)
   Paralegal - $43,040
   Chef - $34,370 (study Culinary Arts)
   Fashion Designer - $62,610 (best to go to NYC)
   Computer Systems Administrator - $62,130
   Engineering Technician - $49,440

(source: Yahoo Education web page & CNN Education web page)
     Community College Grads




    Jim Lehrer            Jeanne Kirkpatrick
     Newscaster              UN Ambassador
Victoria University, TX   Stephens College, MO
Career Profile:
   Grew up in Philadelphia.
   Quit high school to help
    support his family.
   Joined the Navy, worked
    as a corpsman, finished
    his GED.
   Went to Temple and
    majored in Phys. Ed.
   Paid for it with a Football
    and Track scholarship
Career Profile: Bill Cosby
   Grew up in Philadelphia.
   Quit high school to help
    support his family.
   Joined the Navy, worked
    as a corpsman, finished
    his GED.
   Went to Temple and
    majored in Phys. Ed.
   Paid for it with a Football
    and Track scholarship
4. Your parents, relatives and
friends all have opinions. So
what?
  You   can probably pay for it
  Actually, you should apply to Harvard!
  Who needs Harvard?
  Visit. Really VISIT!
  They really do consider ―the whole package‖
  There are SEVERAL perfect colleges for you out
   there!
3. This is your Senior Year long-
term assignment

  Your  parents, relatives and friends all have opinions.
   So what?
  You can probably pay for it
  Actually, you should apply to Harvard!
  Who needs Harvard?
  Visit. Really VISIT!
  They really do consider ―the whole package‖
  There are SEVERAL perfect colleges for you out
   there!
Do’s and Don’ts:
   Do:
     Get psyched! A bunch of schools really want you!
     Think about your recommendations.
     Look at the programs they have. Understand their
      educational philosophy. It isn‘t a resort.
     Get organized. Know the deadlines.
   Don‘t:
     Don‘t ask, ―It‘s December 15. Umm, tell me where I
      should apply?‖
     Don‘t pick safety schools you would never attend!
     Don‘t get hooked on ―the one and only‖ school.
     Don‘t get intimidated!
Timeline: Four-Year College
   Take the SAT (March 25 registration deadline for May 1,
    2010 SAT test)
   Note admissions packet deadlines!
       Many schools – Jan 1
       Salisbury – Jan 15
       College Park – Jan 20
       Stevenson (Villa Julie) – rolling, Feb 1
       UMBC – Feb 1
       Towson – Feb 15
   Admissions packet (they are all slightly different):
       Your personal information
       Your essays
       Guidance office forms
       Teacher recommendation forms
       SAT scores forwarded
                                          ―The euphemism we use is ‗polished.‘
                                          If you're paying someone that much
About that essay!                         money, there shouldn‘t be
                                          fingerprints. But some essays have
                                          that sheen, that lemony-fresh smell
 Be honest                               that makes you wonder.‖ --Parke
                                          Muth, Admissions Dean, University of
 Take a risk                             Virginia on college essay specialists

 Write. Re-write. And re-write
 Get a second opinion. And a third.
 Proofread it again
 Don‘t make the essay too important
    ―The danger lies not in writing bad essays, but in writing common
    essays—the one that admissions officers will read dozens of. My
    advice? Ask your friends what they are writing—and then don’t write
    about that!‖ Scott Anderson, Associate Director at Mercersburg
                 What is the parent‘s role?

   It is not this . . .
                What is the parent‘s role?

   It isn‘t this either . . .
The way your parents see it:
           What is the parent‘s role?
       You know your student better
       You know the stakes better

     WHAT’S NOT OKAY                     WHAT IS OKAY
   Write the essay (Admissions       Brainstorm with your
    offices will know if you do.       student about essay topics
    Only grownups use semi-
    colons or words like              Read the first draft and talk
    ―heretofore‖!)                     about what ―works‖ in the
                                       essay from an adult’s view
                                      Encourage a 2nd draft and
                                       review by others
                                      Sit on them (make ―essay
                                       time‖)
                                      Keep a log of their
                                       accomplishments
What is the parent‘s role?




TO KEEP PERSPECTIVE
2. ―I have no clue what I want to
major in‖ is an OK place to be!
  This  is your Senior Year fall semester project
  Your parents, relatives and friends all have opinions.
   So what?
  You can probably pay for it
  Actually, you should apply to Harvard!
  Who needs Harvard?
  Visit. Really VISIT!
  They really do consider ―the whole package‖
  There are SEVERAL perfect colleges for you out
   there!
Bachelor's Degree Starting $$$
Accounting                                                  $48,020
Business Administration/Mgmt.                         $46,171
Economics                                                      $51,062
Finance                                                     $48,158
Business                                               $46,800
Marketing/Marketing Mgmt.                         $41,506
Computer Science                                                          $61,110
Information Sciences & Systems                                  $52,322
Chemical Engineering                                                        $63,773
Civil Engineering                                              $51,780
Mechanical Engineering                                                $57,024
Electrical/Electronics Engineering                                    $57,603
English Language & Literature           $35,453
Psychology                            $34,095
Visual & Performing Arts               $35,073
Sociology                               $35,434
     (NACE Fall 2008 Salary Survey)
Fastest Growing Professions 2008-2018 (4-year
Degrees)
   Biomedical Engineer +72%
   Network Systems/Data Communications +53%
   Financial Examiners +41%
   Physicians Assistants +39%
   Athletic Trainer +37%
   Computer Software Engineers +34%
   Environmental Engineers +31%
   Survey Researchers +30%
   Personal Financial Advisors +30%
   Management Analysts +24%
   Accountant/Auditor +22%
   Elementary School Teachers +15%

Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics, Department of Labor, Dec.
  2009
Strong local schools:
 Towson top-ranked teacher‘s school, and
  you can get a degree in e-business
 UMBC one of US News ‗the best values in
  education‘ and Newsweek ‗School to
  Watch‘
 Stevenson (Villa Julie) a Newsweek
  ‗School to Watch‘ & US News #16 ―Best
  Comprehensive‖
 College Park #18 in US News Top Public
  Universities, #18 Best Business Program
Speech Therapy Major




     Jay Leno
    Emerson (MA)
Philosophy Major




    Phil Jackson
       NBA Coach
University of North Dakota
       Sociology Majors




Barbara Mikulski   Michelle Obama
   Loyola (MD)        Princeton
Electrical Engineering Majors




 Amar Bose             Judith Resnik
                          (Astronaut)
(Bose Electronics)
                        Carnegie Mellon
       MIT
                   Did Doctorate at Maryland
   Roommates at Harvard




   Al Gore         Tommy Lee Jones
                         English major
Government major
                   (All-Ivy football player)
          English Majors




  Julia Stiles        Stephen King
Columbia University   University of Maine
            Economics Majors




    Donald Trump             Sam Walton
University of Pennsylvania     Missouri
Computer Science & Math




      Sergey Brin
    (founder of Google)
   University of Maryland
History Major




 Steve Carell
Denison University
Math AND Physics Major




Rear Admiral Grace Hopper
     (Computer Pioneer)
          Vassar
Dentistry Major




Thurgood Marshall
Lincoln University (PA)
       Biology Majors




              Susan Hockfield
                 (President of MIT)
Lisa Kudrow    University of Rochester
   Vassar
   Business Major




      Mick Jagger
London School of Economics
      Education Major




       Gene Simmons
Sullivan County Community College, NY
     Psychology Majors




Natalie Portman
    Harvard
                  Jon Stewart
                  William and Mary
1. There are ways to increase
your chances of admission!
  ―Ihave no clue what I want to major in‖ is an OK place
   to be!
  This is your Senior Year fall semester project
  Your parents, relatives and friends all have opinions.
   So what?
  You can probably pay for it
  Actually, you should apply to Harvard!
  Who needs Harvard?
  Visit. Really VISIT!
  They really do consider ―the whole package‖
  There are SEVERAL perfect colleges for you out
   there!
And what are they, please?
   The best single thing you can do to
    strengthen your application is to take the
    tougher classes and do well in those classes.
   The double-edged sword of ―Early Decision‖
   Have an Interview (MIT 2009 admit rate if you had an
    alumni interview – 15.4%. If you didn‘t – 4.7%)
   Visit the campus, and make sure they know it
   The length of your resume doesn‘t matter nearly as
    much as quality/value of experience
   Don‘t do gimmicks
Parents, I feel your pain. This is
what I learned:
   My experience of 25-30 years ago is no longer valid.
   I needed to help my kids think as broadly as possible
    early on about all the schools out there. Just because
    you haven‘t heard of a school doesn‘t mean it‘s no good.
   Remember that 75% thing (the value that comes from
    the student, not from the school).
   Don‘t set your student up to consider they are a ―failure‖
    if they didn‘t get into a super-selective school.
   You are the coach and the cheerleading squad.
    Celebrate each step, but they should do the work.
Here is what really matters in the
long run . . .
   Finding the right fit – schools that
     Share   the same fundamental values and
      priorities as the student
     Are a place where they are comfortable
      enough to take the social and intellectual risks
      that make college really worthwhile
Supporting Slides beyond here
Why is college so #$%^@ expensive?

   Quest to be as good as they can drives up per-student
    cost.
   Reduced state government support
   It‘s weird, but higher cost increases perceived desirability
   Top-talent bidding war for faculty
   Building all those plush amenities
   Cost of providing financial aid
   Plain old supply and demand

   "Basically, if you can pass on your costs, you don't care
    what your costs are!" –Joel Naroff, MIT Economics
    Professor

								
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