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french_revolution_study_guide

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 15

									             FRENCH REVOLUTION
                            (pp. 691-720)

OBJECTIVES:
        What caused this era of revolution?
        What were the ideas and objectives of the men and women who
         rose up violently to undo the established system?
        What were the gains and losses for the privileged groups and
         for ordinary people in a generation of war and upheaval?

LIBERTY AND EQUALITY

  1. Define liberty and equality during the 18th century:




  2. Define sovereignty:




  3. Did women have the right to vote, hold office, or participate in the
     government? WHY?




  4. What did Jefferson possibly mean by equality?



  5. What social classes divided French society?



  6. What is classical liberalism?
7. Who were the two most influential Enlightenment thinkers regarding
   self-government?




8. These Enlightenment ideals appeals mostly to:



9. Did representative government mean democracy? WHY NOT?




10. Why did liberalism lack strong popular support?




11. Apply classical liberalism to the American Revolution:




12. What impact did the American Revolution have on Europe?
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION:
1789-1791
 1. Compare/Contrast the American Revolution to the French Revolution:




 2. Explain in detail the origins of the French Revolution?




 3. List and identify in detail the Three Estates:




 4. Address the question of fragmentation among the Three Estates?




 5. Identify the three key revisionist elements regarding the nobility and
    the bourgeoisie during the French Revolution?
6. Why did Louis XVI call the Estates General?




7. According to Crane Brinton, What key mistakes did Louis XVI make?




8. Explain voting requirements at the beginning of the French
   Revolution?




9. List the issues in which most French agreed upon?




10. What two issues became quarrelsome?




11. Identify What is the Third Estate?




12. Identify the National Assembly and The Tennis Court Oath?
13. What vacillating and indecisive decisions did Louis XVI make?




14. What two economic crises took place leading to revolution?




15. Identify the rumor that began to circulate that caused people to arm
   themselves?




16. What happened to the governor of the Bastille?



17. Identify the Great Fear:




18. What social class did this benefit the most? WHY?



19. Identify the rights established by the Declaration of Rights of Man
   and Citizen?
20. What issue caused deadlock?




21. Identify the significance of the Women’s March on Versailles:




22. How did this represent the voice of the masses in France?




23. As a result, what happened to the royal family?




24. Define constitutional monarchy –



25. Discuss the role and rights of women?




26. What is the significance of Rousseau Emile?
 27. How did the National Assembly attempt to reorganize France’s laws
    and institutions?




 28. Explain the relationship between the National Assembly and the
    Roman Catholic Church?




WORLD WAR AND REPUBLICAN FRANCE
1791-1799
 1. Identify Maximilien Robespierre:




 2. Identify the Reflections on the Revolution in France:




 3. Identify Mary Wollstonecraft and A Vindication of the Rights of Man:




 4. How did her work revolutionize women’s roles?
5. What was the significance of the Declaration of Pillnitz:




6. What new legislative body replaced the National Assembly?




7. Why was there a new legislative body elected?




8. Identify Jacabins:




9. Why did France declare war on Austria?




10. Identify the Tuileries:




11. What legislative body would replace the Legislative Assembly?
12. Identify the key events of the Second Revolution:
      a. September Massacres

      b. Execution of Louis XVI


      c. First Coalition

13. Compare/Contrast the Girondists and Mountain men?




14. Define san culottes:




15. Discuss the relationship between the Mountain and the san culottes:




16. Identify the Committee of Public Safety:




17. Define planned economy –




18. Identify the Reign of Terror:
19. Define nationalism:




20. Why was this essential to the France’s victory over the French
   Coalition?




21. Identify Jacques Hebert and the fate of Robespierre:




22. List the key events of the Thermidorian Reaction:




23. How and why did the Directory come into existence?
THE NAPOLEONIC ERA
1799-1815
 1. What did Napoleon do to change France? What were his ambitions?




 2. Identify Napoleon rise to power?




 3. What does the motto “Confidence from below, authority from
    above”?




 4. What were the two fundamental principles of the Civil Code of 1804:




 5. How did Napoleon gain a broad base of support?




 6. Identify steps to centralize France under Napoleon?
7. Explain Napoleon’s treatment of the Roman Catholic Church?




8. What were Napoleon’s greatest achievements?




9. What role did women play?




10. Define family monarchy –




11. Did people have certain basic freedoms? Explain?




12. Identify Joseph Frouche:




13. Identify the Treaty of Luneville (1801)
14. Identify the Treaty of Amiens:




15. Identify the Battle of Trafalgar:




16. Identify the Third Coalition – countries and leaders:




17. Identify the German Confederation of the Rhine:




18. Who did Napoleon meet face to face on the Neimen River? WHY?




19. What was the outcome of the Treaties of Tilsit:




20. Identify the three parts of Napoleon’s Grand Empire?
21. What changes did Napoleon make, which made him seem more as a
   tyrant instead of a liberator?




22. Where, When, and Why did the first great revolt occur?




23. Identify the continental system?




24. Once it failed what fateful decision did Napoleon make?




25. Identify the events of the invasion of Russia?




26. Identify the Fourth Coalition:




27. Identify the Treaty of Chaumont:
28. Identify Louis XVIII:




29. Describe the events of the Hundred Days:




30. What eventually happened to Napoleon?

								
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