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Honey is rich in vitamin B2, C, and fructose, glucose, maltose, sucrose, high-quality protein, potassium, sodium, iron, natural spices, lactic acid, malic acid, amylase, oxidase variety of ingredients, the lungs and cough, laxative, detoxifies a significant effect. Modern medical research has proved that honey in the main component of glucose and fructose, are easily absorbed by the body. Eat honey toxins can be reached and beauty effect.
A L A B A M A A & M A N D A U B U R N U N I V E R S I T I E S Africanized ANR-765 Honey Bees I n October 1990, the ﬁrst swarm of Africanized honey bees to move naturally from my each year. European honey bees performed well in regions of North America with climates Africanized honey bees also tend to swarm more often and to nest in open areas such as U Mexico into the United States similar to regions of Europe, but beneath tree limbs or unusual was found and destroyed in they did not perform well in areas such as storage buildings, southern Texas. Since then, tropical South America. old tires, trash cans, and vacant Africanized honey bees have In 1956, researchers import- underground animal nests. This nd been moving gradually toward ed honey bees from Africa to behavior results in a great num- Alabama. Brazil in an effort to produce a ber of colonies, which increases It is impossible to predict ex- honey bee better suited to the the chance of human encoun- actly when or where Africanized South American tropics. They ters. However, bees in these honey bees will enter Alabama. were successful. The African less-suitable nesting sites are However, traps for these bees honey bees adapted well to more susceptible to freezing er are located around the state, so South America and began to temperatures and chemical treat- the public will be informed either displace or mix with ments. when they arrive. If they do get European honey bees (hence the to Alabama, they are most likely name “Africanized” honey bees), Avoiding Africanized to enter the southern coastal spreading northward at a rate of about 200 to 300 miles per year. Honey Bees counties ﬁrst. Although these R bees do not bring widespread Unfortunately, Africanized honey Established Africanized chaos and destruction, dramatic bees have some undesirable honey bee colonies are often and widely publicized stinging traits. called “swarms.” In reality, a true incidents sometimes occur. swarm is a dispersal stage, when ev the bees are moving to ﬁnd a Comparison Of new nest. Swarming bees are Honey Bee History Africanized And not likely to sting because they To understand Africanized European Honey Bees have no nest to defend. honey bees, it is important to Similarly, individual foraging European honey bees and know that honey bees are not bees pose no threat to non- ie Africanized honey bees are iden- native to North, Central, or South allergic people. It is established tical in appearance. The sting America. Most honey bees in the colonies, where the bees are from an Africanized honey bee United States are descendants producing wax, honey, and is the same as that of a Euro- from colonies brought to North young that may be a potential w pean honey bee. Both types of America by European settlers be- stinging threat. honey bees can be managed for ginning in the 1600s. In the future if Africanized honey production and pollina- Unlike many of the insects tion of plants. honey bees become established brought by the settlers, which in your area, you will need to be Africanized honey bees, became serious pests, European observant for their nests, just as however, are more defensive. honey bees became one of the you are observant for certain Large numbers may sting peo- most economically beneﬁcial in- snakes or ﬁre ants. Learn to rec- ple, pets, and livestock if the sects in the New World. Honey, ognize the honey bee. Do not bees feel that their colony is beeswax, and bee pollination of climb a tree, disturb a stump, or threatened. Because of this trait, many important agricultural move trash until you ﬁrst check the media started to call crops contributes billions of dol- to see if bees are ﬂying in and Africanized honey bees “killer lars to the United States econo- out. If you see any bees, no mat- bees.” Visit our Web site at: www.aces.edu ter what type they are, simply avoid direct contact with them. Generally, if you leave them alone, they will leave you alone. If you plan to be outside in a rural area where Africanized honey bees are known to occur, try to wear light-colored, loose- ﬁtting clothing. This clothing will not completely protect you from A nest of Africanized honey bees under a discarded tire. The nest was attack, but it can decrease the in- only a few feet away from an elemen- tensity of the attack. Since at- tary school playground. tacking bees often sting around the head, take head protection Who Can Help You U (such as a light-colored hat or large kerchief) with you on Alabama Regulatory Ofﬁcials walks or hikes. You may also Fully protected beekeepers in an and Alabama Cooperative want to carry a repellent. Africanized honey bee yard. Though Extension System personnel will nd Repellent sprays containing necessary, protective clothing is very know if Africanized honey bees DEET have some effect against hot to wear. reach your area. Check with the bees when sprayed into the these agencies if you have ques- air around you, but they are not course away from the area. If tions. Control of Africanized effective if sprayed on your skin. your friend falls or gets trapped, honey bee colonies should be he or she will need help, but re- done only by trained pest con- er If You Are Attacked member you will be risking your trol operators, beekeepers, or own safety. Cover your head state ofﬁcials. If you inadvertently provoke and use your repellent spray as an attack, run. Never stand in Finally, it is important to you approach your friend. If you know that beekeepers with one place or swat at the bees. can not pull him or her away The bees want you away from European honey bees are proba- from the area, cover your friend bly your best defense against their nest, and it is best to oblige R with anything you have, such as Africanized honey bees. Without them. Try to run in a straight line leaves, blankets, or clothes, until while protecting your head. Run beekeepers, the number of the bees stop their attack. docile European honey bees in to a protected area, such as a car Most non-allergic individuals Alabama would decrease, leav- ev or building, or into the woods, with few stings do not need spe- where trees will help to confuse ing more areas for Africanized cial medical attention. However, honey bees to infest. Beekeepers the bees. If available, use your if you have any concerns at all, repellent spray. have the knowledge to help you you should see a doctor immedi- and the resources to limit the ad- If you are with someone ately following a stinging verse impact of Africanized who is attacked and becomes episode. Of course, allergic peo- ie honey bees. disoriented, shout to the person ple should never work with and try to lead him or her on a honey bees, Africanized or European. w Revised by James Tew, Beekeeping Consultant for Auburn University, Associate Professor, Entomology, Ohio State University. Originally prepared by James Cane, Associate Professor, Entomology, Auburn University; and Eric Benson, former Extension Entomologist. For more information, call your county Extension ofﬁce. Look in your telephone di- rectory under your county’s name to ﬁnd the number. Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work in agriculture and home economics, Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, and other related acts, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M University and Auburn University) offers educational programs, materials, and equal opportunity employment to all people without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, ANR-765 sex, age, veteran status, or disability. UPS, 10M10, Revised Dec 1997, ANR-765
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