Intensive Reading & Extensive Reading
It is the view of Palmer (1964) that “extensive reading” is considered as being
reading rapidly. The readers read books after books. Its attention is paid to the
meaning of the text itself not the language. The purpose of extensive reading is for
pleasure and information. Thus, extensive reading is also termed as “supplementary
The work of Palmer (1921) notes that “intensive reading” means that the readers
take a text, study it line by line, and refer at very moment to the dictionary about
the grammar of the text itself.
To sum up, Palmer (1964) also concludes that both types of the reading are important
because the main goal of reading is to comprehend the printed pages.
Classroom Reading Techniques and tasks
Activate prior knowledge
Discuss about the topic to trigger the interest and motivation
Relate personal experience to the text
Familiarize yourself with the vocabulary relevant with the topic
Use pictures/ illustrations to help arouse and flourish imagination
Set questions relating to increase curiosity and willingness to read.
Scanning for particular or specific ideas/ answers to particular questions
Skimming for general ideas and central ideas
Gather information: who, what, when, where, which, why, how?
Predict and guess: what do you think will happen next?
Suppose: If you were him/her, would you …? What would you do?
Guess the title
Word study: Synonym, Antonym, Prefix, Suffix, categorizing, class
Match ideas with sentences …T/F
Fill in the Blank
The following strategies can help you with reading. Please classify them on the basis
of pre-reading, while-reading, and post- reading. Put tick () 1. pre-reading 2.
while-reading 3. while-reading
1. Reading the topic or heading of the passage. 1 2 3
2. Looking at the illustrations and pictures given in the texts. 1 2 3
3. Reading the every first sentence of each paragraph in texts. 1 2 3
4. Asking yourself how the given texts are related to what you have 1 2 3
5. Trying to think about the reason why you are reading the text. 1 2 3
6. Asking yourself and try to understand what the purpose of the text 1 2 3
the writer conveys?
7. Changing the predictions slightly in order for the better 1 2 3
8. Linking your prior knowledge or knowledge of the world with 1 2 3
your reading for the better comprehension of the texts.
9. Checking the predictions about the texts while reading. 1 2 3
10. Practicing the skills and strategies you have been using during 1 2 3
your reading for future or further reading.
11. Applying the knowledge of the texts you read in your daily 1 2 3
12. Skipping the words you do not know the meaning in the texts 1 2 3
and keep reading.
13. Breaking the sentences into smaller units, phrases, and 1 2 3
individual words for your understanding of the passage.
14. Read repeatedly aloud or silently and try to understand every 1 2 3
word to help you to understand the ideas in the texts.
15. Taking notes and having the important words and ideas 1 2 3
16. Translating the passage read into your own language. 1 2 3
17. Finding out the word parts to reason the meaning in the texts. 1 2 3
For example: postwar → post (after) + war.
18. Reading the questions before reading the texts. 1 2 3
19. Reading the conclusion before reading the texts. 1 2 3
20. Going back to read some parts of the texts of that you are not 1 2 3
21. Writing the summary of the text. 1 2 3
22. Using skimming and scanning to extract both relevant ideas and 1 2 3
23. Using the inner structure of the vocabulary and sentence 1 2 3
structure to help you understand the texts.
24. Reading the passage and trying to make predictions about what 1 2 3
the passages are about?
25. Predicting what is going to be about in the next. 1 2 3
26. Referring to either a bilingual or a monolingual dictionary for 1 2 3
the meaning when you do not know the words.
27. Guessing unfamiliar words from the clues in the texts for better 1 2 3
28. Putting down the new words and phrases on your vocabulary 1 2 3
29. Discussing with your friends, classmates, and teachers about 1 2 3
what your thoughts are.
30. Giving yourself a reward. 1 2 3
31. When you do not comprehend the text read, telling yourself not 1 2 3
to give up and continue reading.
32. Drawing tree map or bubble map to help you organize the 1 2 3
33. Using what you have learnt to facilitate your other English 1 2 3
34. Having the news words or phrases grouped according their 1 2 3
35. Associating words you read with your existing language 1 2 3
knowledge when you do not know the words.
36. Stopping to listen to the music to lower your anxiety for the 1 2 3
better productive comprehension when you have difficulty in
37. Cooperating with successful readers rather than with less 1 2 3
successful readers when you do not comprehend the text read
38. Confirming what you have read with friends, classmates, and 1 2 3
39. Note which date you will read it again after finish reading. 1 2 3