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					                    of Nigeria
                 The State ofHarmony



KWARA STATE ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT AND
     DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY (KWSEEDS)




State Planning Commission,
Xlorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
                    -*-   -------
OCTOBER 2004
Kwara State Economic Empowerment and 1)evelopment Strategy (KWSEEDS)   October 2004
LIST OF ACRONYMS

ASCON      -       Administrative Staff College of Nigeria
ASUP       -       Academic Staff Union of ~olytechics
ASUU       -       Academic Staff Union of Universities
BOT        -       Build Operate and Transfer
DM0        -       Debt Management Office
EIA        -       Environmental Impact Assessment
FAAC       -       FederationAccount Allocation.Committee
IGR        -       Internally Generated Revenue
IMC        -       Integrated Management and Childhood Illness
IPMA       -       Independent Petroleum Markets Association
KlPDC      -       Kwara Investment and Properti Deve!cpme~!     C~orporation
KWSEEDS    -       Kwara State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategies
KWTV       -       Kwara State Televison
LEEDS      -       Local Government Economic Empowerment and Development
                   Strategy      .          .-    ..
           -
                                                   ~




LGA                Local Government Area
MDG        -       Millennium Development Goals
MOE        -       Ministry of Education
MMDC       -       Midway Minerals Development Company
NANS       -       NationalAssociation of Nigerian Students
NASME      -       National Association of Small and ~ e d i u m i ~ r ~ i e i p i h
                   N            ~ $ - ";       ~            &   W E                ~   ~
NASU       -                                 sf
                                       . -. . npn   iln~ersities
NBA        -       Nigeria.BarAssociaw--~         ---+  . -

NDE        -       ~ d o n Diredorate of Employment
                              a~
NEEDS      -       National Economic Empowerment and Development Strateaim      -
NGOs       -       Non-Governmental organisations
NHDl       -       National Human Develoment Index
NlPC       -       N~genan   Investment ~rimotion     Council
NlPC       -       Nigerian Industrial P~omoiqCwncil   --
NLC        -       Nigeria &r       &rigre&       '
NURTW      -                         f
                   National Union o Road-Transport Workem
PPP        -       PubWrivate Partnership
PRS        -       Personnel, Research and Stabtics
SACA       -       State Acbon Committee on HIViAlDS
SEEDS      -       State Economu: Empowerment and Development Strategies
SME        -       Small and Medam Scale Enterpass
SPEB       -       State P~rnary   Edyqpon-Boqd
TPDA       -       Town PIann~ng DerelopmentAuthonly
                                    and
UNICEF     -       Unlted Nations Chtldren Fund   - -
VAT        -       Value Added Tax
                            TABLE OF CONTENTS                                   PAGE
       List of Acronyms                    ..       ..   ..     ..    ..   ..    i
       Table of Contents    ..                      ..                ..   ..   ii
Preamble               ..                  ..       ..   ..     ..    ..   ..   1
Executive Summary      ..   ..      ..     ..       ..   ..     ..         ..   3

PART I . INTRODUCTION       ..      ..     ..       ..   ..     ..
Chapter One:       Background ..                         ..    ..
Chapter Two:       V~sion Objectives ..
                        and                     ..             ..
Chapter Three:     Why WSEEDS ..         ..              ..    ..
Chapter Four:      Methodology ..               .. ..          ..
Chapter F~ve:      Skngths. Weaknesses. Opportunities and Threat
         i:
Chapter Sx                           .   .
                   Economic Sbucture and Resource Profile
                                     a
                                                               ..
PART II. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AGENDAlEMPOWERlNG PEOPLE             ..
Chapter Seven:    Education        ..     ..      ..  .. ..
Chapter Eght      Health and HIViAIDS ..          ..     ..
Chapter Nmne:     Envinmment ..           ..      ..  .. ..
Chapter Ten:      Houang and Uhan Development         .. ..
Chapter Eleven:   Gender Issues ..        .. ...&. .. ..
Chapter Twelve:   ~ovetty profile r.      ..
                                           '3       .... ..
Chapter Th~rteen: Safety Nets for Vulnerable Groups-. .. ..
Chapter Fourteen: Balancein ~evelopmd.7 .          .  .. ..
PART 111. GROWING THE PRIVATE SECTOR       ..     .. .       .   ..
Chapter F&m:       lnsbtubonal Andysis: Current Analysis ..      ..
ChapterSuReen:     Security and Rule o LawIPoveQ Rghts Issues ..
                                       f
Chapter Seventeen: Social InfmstnJdutuie ,  , * ... ..
                                                    11
                                                                 ..
Chapter Eghleen:   Fmancing Initiativesn . ! " :..
                                            !       ..  " '      ..
Chapter Niiteen:   Secto@.!tralE)S@sLG~~                       ...
                   a.       Agriculture androod Secutily . . . .
                   b.       Indusby and SME Devebpment ..        ..
                   c.       E c o m m I-
                                       n          ..        .. ..
                   d.       Rural Uwcabm          ..        .. ..
                   e.       E n t r e p q         ..        ..   ..
PART N .REFORMING GDVER@MENT    AND ITS MSTJTUTIONS              I    . -       67
     Twentr
Cr~apm           RaboaaleforReform fAGmemmm-                          .    .
                                                                           .    68




PAAT V . C W AND IMPLEMEHTAM STRATEGIES
          W                                              . .. .            .    TI
Cnapter TwentpFour: Financmg S a e l s . . . . .
Ccapter iweaty+~ve: mpiemuon Srtp-
ANNEXURES      .       ..      . .
                                   ytge
                                             . . -
                                         ~ae$.
                                           - ,.- .
                                                 ...
                                                 .,
                                                                      .
                                                                      .
                                                                      .
                                                                      .
                                                                      .
                                                                           .
                                                                           .
                                                                           .
                                                                                78
                                                                                91
                                                                                96
       Stale b ~ ~ gtall C~rcular
                     el          j2005)
        I
       !@ 01     wja St~(3Wlrdgi w a n S &
                              t         E
                                                i
                                                6
                                      PREAMBLE

The KWSEEDS - The State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy is             -
Kwara State's plan for economic vibrancy and prosperity. It is a way of letting the entire
people of Kwara State know what kind of state they will like to live in now and in the
future. Equally, it provides government the opportunity of sensitizing the people on how
to overcome the endemic and more pervasive obstacles to growth and development.
Above all, it is a way of letting the Wes! African sub-region and the international donor
agencies know where the state stands and how it wishes to be assisted.

In articulating the KWSEEDS, there was the need to chart a new course for our
prosperity. In this regard, two paramount questions were addressed as follows:

      I.     What is the vision of Kwara State?
      ii.    What kind of state do we want for ourselves and our children?

In the nine-month period it took to2articirlat& KWSEEDS, numerous stakeholders'
meetings and workshops were held with the private sector, labour unions, members of
road transport workers, road transport union, Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
and various units of the executive, judiciary and legislative arms of the public sector.
On the whole, participatory approachesqwere adopted in all deliberations and
consultations with stakeholders during the preparation of the KWSEEDS.
                                              .. L.



Besides. the drafting team a l ~ tr~veje&t~all.tfie
                                  g                  nooks and crannes of the state to
elicit contributions from the grassroots.' These efforts were meant to assess what the
people of Kwara want for their future; their current problems and strategies for
overcoming them. To add value to KWSEEDS, sound technical support was provided
by a team of UNDP e-rts.

KWSEEDS is the people's plan which the present Administration in the state wH
                                                                            i
implement

At thts juncture, it becum&&rbne;?t t&$$& t h _ a t pmary aim of KWSEEDS is to
create a new Kwara ubzen who values hardwork and who realizes that onlv hanhnork is
the surest way to economic prosperity- ihe achievement of t i oblectirr;e is the best
                                                                  hs
action the State can take to ensure a betlw future for i s citizens.
                                                       t

In actualtang this w o n , KWSEEDS focuses on four (41 key strategies reonentatmg
values. reducing poverty. wealth creabon and generating employment            The
                                       w ~
achrevement of these goalkis ~ r e g on a business-friendly e m M w pm&n
of basic sew-,     and empowem p!$g&Ao_lake.advantage of tbe new hrelihood
opportunrbes the plan offers.

KWSEES 8 also a1tm4ated to ensure l w e scab overhaul~ng
              s                                                 and public semce
reform of government and governance that win d n @and pun~sh
                                                        e t        any emng and
corrupt officer w~th view to restoring saivly in public se~sce.
                   a
KWSEEDS is about Kwara people. The government of Kwara State under the able
leadership of the Executive Governor, Dr. Bukola Saraki, is irrevocably committed to
implement KWSEEDS in all its ramifications by focusing on the people's welfare, health,
employment, education, gender equality, security and economic empowerment, poverty
reduction and eradication of inequality among groups, sexes and sectors.

In executing this vision, KWSEEDS proposes action on the following fronts among
others:

             Offering farmers basic needs and incentives to boost agricultural
             productivity;
             Empowering people by creating enabling environment for the growth and
             survival of the private sectqr (srnalband medium scale enterprises) which
             are engines of economic growth and development;
             Integrated Rural Development Programme;
             Improvement in child education to guarantee their Mure;
      5      Protection and restoration of the environment;
             Improvement in health-care delivery system with special emphasis on
             HIVIAIDS;
             Replacement of @q@rlt,pensio~        saeme which is in crisis;
             Targeting vulnerable groups; and
             Changing t h e . ~ t a y - g o v e m m e n ~ y v o r k restructuring and carrying
                                                                by
                                                                          -
             out reforms to curb corruption and ensure transparency and accountabilii        -
             in the conduct of                 business.
                                EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

KWARA STATE ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
(KWSEEDS)

Introduction
Kwara State was created on May 27, 1967 when the Federal Republic of Nigeria was
spli into twelve States. The state is situated between latitudes 119" and 11°45" and
longitudes 2' 45" and 6'. It has an estimated population of 2.2 million persons.

The Governor is at m~hel&&Q&&a&akffi&pol~ti*l                  administration of the
state. The Legislative amLiSheaded&!hSpeakeLof        the House of Assembly while
the Judicialy is headed by the State Chief Judge. The State Grand Khadi heads the
Sharia Court of Appeal.

The State's religious mix is a combination of Islam and Christianity while the major
ethnic groups are Yoruba. Nupe and Baruba. Yoruba is the most populous group.
                                                  .-
The vision of KWSEEDS is i o mike k w i h ~ t a t e ~ o n Nigeria's most progressive and
                                                         of i
                                                                                        hs
prosperous states. The main objedive k i a h y - a solidfoundation for actualization of t i
vision.

KWSEEDS represents ths commitment of the State Government to empower the
people to enable them take advantage of current and future opportunities. In this
regard, it will Improve human development. promote the private sector, impmve
governance, address ennronm~ta~de#a$at~r#, gender imbalance and HIVIAIDS
problems in the stat&._-   -
                           np-
                                           & : ..
                                                       .Z



                          -    &
                                 .
                                --
                                 -    &         :-----
                                                     < -
in order to ensure its ownetship by the people of the State, all stakeholders participated
in its preparabon. The ecgagement of UNDP Consultants which pro&                technical
support ~mproved quality of the document
                  the

The economy of Kwara State has under-wformed in spite of its abundant natural
resources. Its reyen* is !a&gjy.dc$vq# frgm @-,ration   Acownt Other sources
are mtefnally generated revenue, borrowqy m!.gqts.    -
                            _   . KG.*!:                    -
The socio-economic activity of the state is mainly gwemmentdtiwn. The state is
blessed with a wide van* of natural reseurc;es. crop, fishery, livestodr and.-
                                                                             f

Human Development AgendalEmpoweringP w p l e
The sfamlard of education in Kwara State is not impressive. The wliw thrust is thus t
                                                                                    o
enhance aocessltuMy to qyalrty educawn for d -schoal;tge 6in the state by
                                                l
ensunng that all exsbng edumbonal lnstrMions are renovated to make the schods
mwe learner-frrendly and attractive: -     -- -- -
The health system and infrastructure have seriously deteriorated over the past decades
in the state. The policy thrust is to enhance affordable access to effective, preventive
and curative health systems with special emphasis on HIVIAIDS to all citizens in the
State.

The environment sector is faced with a lot of challenges, ranging from soil erosion,
flooding and creeping desertification. The policy thrust is to mitigate environmental
externalities from economic and social activities in the state to their barest minimum by
ensuring the adoption of environmental mitigation measures by private and publk
                                         .  -
enterprises, and ensunng wrnpliapce w$h-the stat~nvironmental         laws.

Currently, the number of women living below the poverty line is high compared with their
male counterparts. As such, the policy thrust is to increase access of women to
opportunities and resources designed to enhance their welfare and well-being by
articulating a State policy with measurable indicators on gender equality.
                                                    -
                                       .-
                                                    A




                                       .
                                      . Siate
Poverty is pervasive in the state. he #..-, Government has intervened by instituting
                           .L
                           - A




measures to address this scourge-sine-its-assumption of office in 2003 on several
fronts targeting the rural and urban poor, women, youth, children and rural communities.
The Government has also put in place safety nets for vulnerable groups by improving
the general well-being of all categories in this group.
Development in Kwara State prior to 2003 was lopsided. The ultimate thrust R to
ensure balance in the geo-pialitical dloqtion of.-
                                                resources in order to eliminate existing
                                               "
                                 -.-
development gaps in the state:'.. '
                     .   -- *          -3'AdALk:L--      A    -
Growing The Private Sector
Private secW investment has been l s than expeckd. The policy thnrrt of
                                           es
Government is the provisimn of enabling environment for sustainable private sector
growth and development in the state and alleviating poverty through publibprivate
sector partnership by limiting the role of Government to that of a fctr
                                                                   ailio
                                                                    t
                                                                    a    through the
                                        -
Over the years, the-s           & h i & d R W e ~ kbeen plagued by a number of
operahwral hand-.     The State Government has taken a number of steps to improw
the peiformances o the judicrary and secxmty agenrres in the state because the thrust
                   f
is to ensure that Government seams Ma, properly and investment

                                                      hr
Water sup* in Kwara State is iess than d~irabte. T e e is a rapxlly growing
populatron acmmparaled by.inweases in.the demand for water. KWSEEDS seeks to
formukite a compnhensid water,managemr?nt p l - in the the and carry out
                                                ow
expansron programmes to cover tfii? enti&-date-
The state's finances have been precarious. It relies heavily on revenue from the
Federation Account. The main thrust is to raise the proportion of Internally Generated
Revenue (IGR) to total revenue and reduce its dependence on the Federation Account
by intensification of internal revenue generation efforts.

The income and livelihood of the state's population engaged in agriculture is low. The
main thrust is to develop agriwltural productive capacity and expand agricuttural
production in the stata.

The industrial sector in Kwara State is extremely small and under-developed. The
thrust is to provide an enabling environment for a competitive private sector through the
provision of a stable economic policy regime and critical economic infrastructure.

Both the Federal and State-maintained roads have suffered signifimnt neglect prior to
2003. The thrust is to provide good transportation links between the urban and rural
areas of the state and improve the road network by developing a comprehensive plan
for the repair and construction of new roads.

Electricity supply by NEPA is inadequate to meet the current demand. The policy is to
provide adequate and reliable electricity, especially in the rural areas.

In order to strengthen the productive base and reduce poverty, the thrust is to create a
criticai mass of mrcro and smarentre~mnehs the state:
                                              in

Reforming Government and Its Institutions
To address inherent fundamental and structural defects. there k the need to refonn
Government and governance. The policy thrust is thus to &sure strid adherence to the
pradice of transparency, accountability and the rule of law in the conduct of government
affairs.

The poor salary struhre and bnd&ons ofse$ce have led tI, a decline in morale and
rnotwation amomst rnan~-&il-&~&t&hichkd~~ne                 in ~roductivnV. The thrust
will be to promo6 an efficient public sector and enhance the e-xecutive &ady of the
 tt
S a e Planning Commission and the Budget Office through the h u l a t i o n and
execution of public s r i t reform.
                     eva
The State Government has a number of distress@ p.ubliic enterprises. The poiicy lhns!
is to privabze Statesv~ned m g a n i g . ,
                         ~                 .=
                                             **
                                             '".:                    -
                   ..
                      -     -
                                - -----
                                5:. %   x*   -2:
                                                    '      ,,

                                                        .. .
                                                                4-
                                                                i'


  p q e es
o a u n s in public       G ~ c e
                                management          has been an endemic b t u r e of
wvemance in Kwara State. The poltq thrust is to install and aimate a cubre o        f
integrity. acuxmtabrlrty, transparency and dlscrpline in the public ser~ce the state.
                                                                              in
ERG& would be geared to enforce eE&ivdy dr&aiy                  m m s argiwst emng
ofticerr, while all rifgaliy acqwed public propertyIa.s&s YviU be m e r e d .
The State Budget and Planning process has shown marked improvement in financial
management. The thrust will be to improve on the on-going reform in the budget and
planning processes by ensuring balance between available resources and aggregate
spending.

Financing and Implementation Strategies
                                                             f
In order to finance effectively KWSEEDS, the State Board o Internal Revenue will be
strengthened to cope with increased demand for its services.

To ensure effective                                                                         sector tools such as sectoral
plans, annual budgets.
legislations will be applied. : .
                          .
                               --
                              ..--A
                               -.-.
                                      i S
                                      Ap
                                       .
                                        r  ..   :
                                                .
                                                    .... ,.   .
                                                                  ..   . .
                                                                  . - . ...
                                                                               -.-.
                                                                             . ......
                                                                                   .    .
                                                                                                         and appropriate
PART 1 INTRODUCTION
      :
                                         CHAPTER ONE

                                         BACKGROUND

Historv and Geoaraphy
The name Kwara State is a derivative of the local name for the River Niger. It was
created on May 27. 1967 when the Federal Republic of Nigeria was split into twelve
states. Its original name of West Central State has subsequently changed to Kwara.
Prior to its creation. the area currentlv known as Kwara was nart of the former Northern
Region of Nigeria.' The                    structure of the staie has undergone several
alterations. First, in 1976, a segment of the eastern part of the state was merged with
the current Benue State. Second, in 1991, one of the local government areas of the
state was merged with the current Niger State, M i l e f ~ other local government areas
                                                             e
form part of the entity now known as Kogi            The capital city, llorin, is a historically
ornate centre, with one of the most distinguished Emirates in the country.
                              -   -                     . A -




Kwara State is situated between latitudes 11' 2 and 11' 45E and Longitude 2 '45 and 6
O40N. Kwara occupies a vantage position on the map of Nigeria. It shares the same
borders with Niger State in the north and the south-westem states of Osun, Oyo. Ekiti
and the Republic of Benin. See Annex I for the map of Nigeria showing the position of
                                          I
Kwara State.                      ., -u. C
                             z    -   ,,         A -. -
                                                 "- ,
The 32,500 square KiIome&tSrbf't& sfa@ is''1a~ge~'arabIe suitable for human
                                                                and
h a b i i o n and deveioomenf Ti%? stat&324&iiY=Z€ed                 of
                                                          rio~ulation about 2.2 million
persons. Like the ~ i ~ e r i a n
                              nation, the governance struhu;e of Kwara has altemated
                                           administration. This, and other experiences.
between military drdatorship and c ~ l r a n
had resued in moderate levels of economic growth and development over the
decades. Upon creation. Kwara, mth its unique location as a bndge between the
northem and southem parts of the country, 'bpbundant natural resources and high
cal~bre human capital was expi?cted b be among the leading states in the counby.
          of
ecomicalty and sooiaity. '$n"'ip& ttie~e'a&ts and advantages at its dispasal, the
performance of Kwara State has been mod&fe5ai&t

T i fact was emphasized by His Excellency, the Executive Governor. Bukola Saralo' in
 hs
hi agenda for devefoprnent when he sakl:
      since 1967, i%ep h d spanningover three dtxaies, tjle State
      continues to grapple with the provision ofbasic developm8nf
      mnfiashdum.... Ourslory has been one of sou-            I~SWIWS
      massive wastage and i&%ag&-thmugh abadoned prvj6cts, wh&
      c o m ~ b o n all its-f&s~a=-i%6%%&
                  in
      become a subject for disdain?
                                                norm and~mleotitvhas           --

                                                          -.

                                        - 4.1' --n - -
                                        -
    'Dr.
       Bukola Saraki .Mybends fnri3e~eloprnen~~0 6 *
                                            20            ,        . ..
                              '.yb
                              .   ...   *           .
                                                    *
                                                              .*
                                                               .          ,.

                       ~   ..--   -                                       .
Kwara, like Nigeria, has under-performed over ihe years and has failed to meet the
aspirations and expectations of the people. However, the return of a democratic system
of government in the country in 1999, gave Nigeria and its component states a new
opportunity to transform vast human and natural resources into additional wealth and
benefits for the people.

Political Structure
Nigeria returned to civil rule on May 29, 1999 after a sixteen-year period of continuous
military dictatorship. According to the provisions of the 1999 Constitution, Nigeria is a
sovereign republic operating a federal system 01,government at three levels - federal.
state and local. At each ~~'th'&tliP&~governan&.IeVel$;thePresident,     Governors and
Local Government Chairmen function as Chief Executives of the respective tiers of
government. The Constitutiotr providesfor thmnparation of                    among the
executive, legislature and the judiciary.

The Governor is at the helm of the executive arm and the political administration of the
state. He is supported by the State Executive Council. Special Advisers and other top
functionaries of govemment. The legislative arm is headed by the Speaker of the
House of Assembly, a legislath body .compri$ng the elected representatives of the
people. The State Judiciar)iis-.headed by the State C h i Judge while the State Grand
Khadi heads the Sharia Court o f AppealTThere is-also the Kwara State Traditional
Council and the Kwara State Council of Chiefs, comprising traditional and community
leaders. Their roles include the maintenance of peace, order and communal harmony
within the state. There are sixteen local government areas in the state. These, along
with te headquarters and population sizes. are presented in the next section on the
      h
                              .. .
social and demographic strudure of the -state. ; I.,
                              .  -.*=,
                                  -.       ?    r
                                                    a. ,:

The alterabon in the state's"g6ogtyhical structure @rice its creation has afFeded the
number and composition O the local goter%meiit"a&ff~orinstance. these adjustments
                          f
led to the loss of Kalnji am^ and Nature Games Resewes to Ntger State, mineral
deposits and the Ajaokuta Integrated Steel Works to Kogi State.

Social and Dernoara~hic    Structure
The cultural. religious and ethnic mix of the stak k reflednre of the unqueness of its
locabon and is hrstory. The state's rel~g~ous-ma a combrnabcn of lskm and
               t                                      is
Chnshanity while the majot ebnic groups are t e Y r b . Nupe and Banrba. The
                                                  h.oua
Yoruba are undoubtedly ?hE most pop^ulGs ofIfE-imjor ethnic groups in the. State,
though there is a very hlgh degree of rntegrabon and mter-mamage among these
different groups.

Taole 1 below shows the estimated total populabon of lhe state and its dtstnbubon by
local government areas as at 2004.            *




z
                                                                              a lotad madled
      me sewnu j a w hydro p w plant irs the wunftg: built o ffae ~ n r e n l ,
                                o                           n             hw
      capacity of 580 Me-watts.
The population distribution by gender as indicated in Table 2 below is skewed slightly in
favour of females3.

Table 2:
                            .
         Population distribution by gendeh
       Gender
                         . " Population                                  W
Male                             1,122.393                              49.6
Female                           1,139.718                              50.4

An analysis of the age distribution reveals that Kwarans bekm the age of 18 comprise
about 48% of the to61population, while the adult population is about 52%. This means
that Kwara State has a larae youthful pwulabon,,rnaking the need for effective planning
and rapid economic -de~el_dP_memerlt;&eeab~~ute    ~+ty.                          f
                                                               The distribution o the
                                                          *
populabon by agegmup is ~ . r e s e W irlWk3Jgl~k
Table 3:     Population distribution by age groups:




'UNICEF Kvvara State Pkra of Aot~m t i S~ M ~deudnpmant, proie&m and
                                  for   U     !~
parrictpatton 03 OhJdmn a d wmak 2003.
                         n
                                      CHAPTER TWO

                                 VISION AND OBJECTIVES

Vision Statement:
          of
The vis~on KWSEEDS is to make Kwara State one of Nigeria's most progressive and
prosperous states:
       -     where the basic needs of life, namely, education, health and sanitation are
             guaranteed;
      -      !hat provides a highly cor~duciveenvironment for employment in
             agricuitural, industrial and commercial activities;
       -     that is the smial, economic and cultural bridge between northern and
             southern Nigeria; and
       -     where the government is respons~e, responsible, effective and
             transparent
                             -    -                  . --
Objectives
The main objective of KWSEEDS is to lay a solid foundatron for actuaiing the v '           s
                                                                                           im
by:
         building a highly efficient civil service m m i r t e d to the progress of the state;
         providing an environment and infrastructure that will attract local and foreign
         invesbn6nts. whi&yill enhance agric&litur_al a_nd industrial outputs, gene&
                                                    - > .
         employment and redup,&ve&-                   -? :      .
         inaeasing a~ricuitud                                                 -
                                  production so a s k ensure food security and adequate
         nubition for every ~w&n; and
         becoming a leading producerlexporter of cassava and sugarcane crops and
         products;
         providing the requisite infrastructure and incentives that would guarantee
         basic, qualitative primary and seco ary education for all Kwarans and
                                                  'f"
         affordable functional higher education or deserving Kwarans;
         providing the bask infrastructureand incentives that wiU improve health cam
         d e l i and guarantee the o v e d we]&-rig of the peopk.
                                  CHAPTER THREE

                                  WHY KWSEEDS?

The achievement of sustainable development in Kwara State is based on the premise
that development goals can be attained by creating an environment conducive to socio-
economic, cultural and political transformation. KWSEEDS represents the commitment
of the state government to empower the people to enable them take advantage of
current and future opportunities.

Human Development           &.-  - ,
                                 %                         -
KWSEEDS will pmvide fanners.improved infrastructure and high yielding crop varieties
to boost agricultural productivity-andreduce povertyLChe plan will give support to small
and medium scale enterprises (SMEs), thus creating employment. The ongoing
integrated rural development programme will be re-invigorated as a means of reversing
the problem of ~ral-urban  migration.

KWSEEDS will reform the present pension scheme, to alleviate the suffering of
pensioners who often find it difticult to re&ive their pensions after retirement
KWSEEDS will give due attention to the plight of women and chiMren who are mob3
vulnerable to the ravages-of poverty. lhthii regard, appropriate enabling iaws and
strategies will be put in place and implemented to empower women, children, the
disabled and the elderly.

KWSEEDS recognizes the critical role of infrastructure for industrial development and
will ensure the creation of an appropriate enabling environment Far-reaching reforms
aimed at re-orientating peoeBLespeplly pgblic office holders on issues of corruption
and graft will be implemented. Thesta@*$%..@                  electronic media will be
strengthened to sensitize-the peo& on-the-need-to-imbi virtues of honesty, hard
work, selfiess senrice and patriotism.

Pmmoting the Private Sector
The private sector in the state is currently underdeveloped. An enablrng framework wia
be esrabllshed to f a U t e pnvate-public p r h w s h i i . In this regard, KWSEEDS will
                                                           -
support small and medium am@enterprises, agriculture and indusby so as to create
                                                               -I



employment opportunities ir\ thb state.-                   - *
                                           - -   s.    &--_A

improving Governance
KWSEEDS will bnng about a more eficrent and effective sewice d m . This will
resuit from a number of tnrbatnres such as redocbon in the cost of dong gwemment
busmess, adopiaon and s b i a d i t the ethrcs o due prooess. reform of the
                                           o            f
pubkc s e ~ i a ? ,lmplementabon of monetuabon p d q and investment in the tmmg of
avrl servants.                                       - -
                                               + p V . D
                                                 x         -        ?q
                          -    ----.LA-
                                           -     &. .               +    .
Environment
The state is known to be prone to ecological problems. KWSEECS will address
env~ronmental  degradation such as pollution, erosion, flood, over-grazing, bush-burning,
and desertification.
                                                                                                 i
Gender
According to the United Natron's report, gender issues assess the implications for men
and women of any planned action, including legislation, policies, or programmes, in all
areas and at all levels, in order tc achieve social justice and sustainable human
development. KWSEEDS seek$ to address proble~s gender imbalance in all its
                                                                of
ramifications especizilly itiths ~ i % ~ f ~ ~ t i i ? i ~ ' s O " i n " o m i ' c development
                                                                       Znd political
of the state.

HIVIAIDS
HlVlAIDS is considered a major heaith problem in Kwara State, even though its
prevalence rate of 2.7% is the lowest in the North-Central Zone and the    lowest in
Nigeria. KWSEEDS recognizes the observed negative impact of HIVIAIDS on the
human resources and overall 'economic ~erforrnance.in  some societies. KWSEEDS will
give due consideration t i this develi~mSi5f n ~ m u l a t i o and implementation of
                                              r                n
policies to redress the HlVlAIDS problem in the state.

In particular, KWSEEDS will implement the following measures:
           restructuring and improving the existing health care management structure in
           line with an ewanded scope, with emphasis on the threat posed b y HIVIAIDS
           and other preventable diseases in thestate;
           strengthsning --
                          the State Comm~ttee H / ID
                                       -,
                                        -            A
                                               on N J $       wijh the State Governor as
           the Chairman:
           increasing a&ness       and enlightenment campaigns on HIVIAIDS through
           the state's media apparatus and other agencies, public and private;
           provision of infrastrudural materials. as preparatory match towards the
           integration of HIVfAIDS awareness into the wnicula of primary and
           secondary schools;     .
           complebonsnd equrpplng of all abandon%_he@ faulrties and equipping the
           exishng ones t h r w g h o u t t h e s W ; c -
           reuuhng and psbng of dDctors and other medical staff to all health centres
           across the state.


Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

WSEEDS vdi strive to meet the Miilennium dev&~npeslt Goals, w M the United
Nabons has pledged to meet by the year 2015. Sheyare as follows:
  a     eradnxte extreme poverty and hunger;
        acheve Unw&      Basic Prirnaly Educahon;
        prmode Gender Equalrty and Empowemaent of W a n ;
        reduce Chrld Mortal@Rate;
improve Maternal Health;
combat HIVIAIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases;
ensure Environmental sustainability; and
develop a global partnership for development.
     Figure 1                     KWSEEDS AT A GLANCE
                                  Vision, Values and Principles

                                           GOALS
                                       Wealth Creation
                                     Employment generation
                                       Poverty reduction
                                      Value reorientation




Empowering People                promote Private ~nterp& .              1.               Changmg the way the
Health, Education,                                                                       government does its work
Enviionment integrated                                                                   Public sector reforms,
rural development housing        sectoral strategies,                                    Privatization and
development, employment          Privatization and                                       Libemlion,
and Youth development,                                                                   governance, Transparency
safety nets, gender and          Regional integration and                                and anti corruption,
geographical balance and         globalization                                           Service deliver): Budget
pension reforms                     . - .    .-       +                                  and expe-nditurereforms


                                                                                                    I


                                  , .   .    .
                                          .-. .".
                                                  .
                            Financing and Plan.l m p - .4-.. t i o Strategies
                                                     le~
                                                          i
                                                          :
                                                                    n
                                                                       -.
                                        ..-
                                            '4 . " . .
                                                    .     -    .
                                                              V
                                                              ';
                                                                   -        -   .
                                                                                    .,      . .




     Source:       Adopted f o NPC. 2004; SEEDS Framework A Guidance Map
                            rm
     KWSEEDS AND LEEDS:
     In consonance with tbe mxqnrt,on in NEEDS fordhe need for SEEDS. K S -WF
     recognizes the need for LO& ~ovemment       ~conomic  Empowerment D a v e l w
           -..
     Strategy ILEEDS). lo order to Facilitate We process a E D S preparation, the State
     Govermnt wall s e n s t l a alI h m gove&t
                                      a 1            owncils M the s aon the need t0
                                                                    &k
articulate the people's vision for the future development of each local government area
in the LEEOS document. While each local aovemment area will be expected to fund the
exercise, government will seek additional support from donors and the State Planning
                                                                    z
Commission will provide necessary technical assistance as may b appropriate.
                                               CHAPTER FOUR

                                               METHODOLOGY

The Kwara State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (KWSEEDS), is
a medium term plan of the government and people of Kwara State. In order to ensure its
ownership by the people of the state, all stake-holders participated in its preparation.

The KWSEEDS document was prepared following a clearly articulated and structured
framework, the objectives of which are the following:
         i.     encouraging the involvement of all Kwara State Stakeholders;
          i
         i.     obta~n~ng stakeholders buy-in and ownership; and
         iii.              the
                increas~ng succegs chancesfor a successful implementation.
                                                ->                      s


Kwara State SEEDS ~ o n ~ m i t t e e l S _ u _ b h i & - ~ -
The Kwara State Government set up a Zznmittee (MEEDS              Committee) to draft the
State's SEEDS document. The committee consisted of 15 officials; representing
various Ministries. Agencies and sectors of the state. The Committee, whose Chairman
was the Secretary to the State Government, had the Permanent Secretary, State
Planning Commission as its Secretary. It worked : , under the supervision of the Executive
                                                                    :


Governor.                                        %
                                                 *
                         , ..-.
                           ,
                               --.
                               ,
                                    a
                                       .

                                         ys
                                           .

in order to do a detailed .situation a a s .
                                      nl i -
                                               - ;4
                                                n
                                               t-S.      .. +..x
                                                               - .&
                                                                              -
                                                                            -;,    .
                                                                                   ,
                                                                                   +
                                                                                  ..   .
                                                                      setup i i e following fourteen
(14) Sub-Committees:
           Health;
    w      Agriculture;
           Industry and Solid Minerals;
           Education;                                   2'
    w      Water;                        . . +      . - .-..
                                                           .   ..       .
           Lands and i;ious$g; _ ,
                           . ..                       *         . .,
                                                                  .
           Tourism and Environment
                                   ,


                                               .= .-.- .=-   .  :
                                                                          .  .
                                                                                           -
           Women Affairs. Youths. Sports and Social Welfare;
           Public Sector Reforms and Judiciary;
           Transportation;
           Power (Rural Electrification);
    w      Fiscal Policy. Budget Analysis and Planning;
    0      Comn6rce and Co-operalives; and. - .* :. . .
                                        . - ,    +
           information. :.-          ..--*s**j..~ 4 . 2 dJ
                                      - .-----            .-&
                                                                  Sil
                                                                  .-                       -
:iiaoduction of Consultants
The Kwara State Government contraded the s e f v ~ c e ~extemal consultants to pmvrde
                                                     of
techntcal expemse and oowdmabon to the development of the KWSEEDS dowment

WorkplanlGzidelines
A work-plan and gu~ciel~nq                       the
                          were deveJopd-b a@c~/ate neaswy steps in
                                tS E S
cleveioprng the KWSEED&$ocummJ ,- E D    -           GxmttdWm
Groups in gathering and collating the required information and data. The working
groups and the consultants commenced with the gathering of necessary information.

 KWSEEDS Committee
Discussions were held between the consultants and each of the sub-committees after
which the consultants met with the main committee to agree on the way forward. During
the discussion, due emphasis was given to the need-to involve stakeholders in the
exercise in order to ensure broad ownership of KWSEEDS. it inciuaea Kwarans in the
rural areas, community groups and the diaspora. Other stakeholders/groups identified
                             -
included:
          Nfgerian6ar ~ss&iatio""pf&~$ ~*a&f~k.dhapter;.
          National Society of EngineersLwa~a             _Sfate_Chapter;
          National Association of Sinall and Medium Scale ~nterprises    (NASME);
          Manufacturers Association of Nigeria, Kwara State chapter;
          National Assembly members from the State. State Assembly members,
          Commissioners, Permanent Secretaries, Special Advisers. Special
          Assistants, etc.;                    >% . . .. .
          Kwara Slate Shippers Association; :- . - . .
                                       . .- .-            i
          The Fannerp,Council;                  .      .
                                                          -
          ~arket~omen'sAssociati0ns;- , ., :~ ; .. - .. .. - .
                                               ..   '




          Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC);
          National Medical Association, Kwara State Chapter;
          NationalAssociation of Nigerian Students (NANS);
          Independent Petroleum Marketers Association (IPMA);
          ASUU. NASU. ASUP;                                r.
          National Union-of-.Road    Transport Wo&rs(NURTW);
          T r a d i t j l Rujers"Co~ndk;7-~ . %.:. 3. r
          Kwara State Cwricil of Cliieea
                                                        -- -
                                                          6


                                                                 .
          Federation of International Lawyers;
          Nlgerian Council of Women Societies; and
          Commerce and Cooperatives.

KWSEEDS Zero-draft
Upon the amval of the UNDP team. ix meeting                   held with the Government
consultants and the S q t a r y a p d & m & p              -of the KWSEEDS d r a m
comm&x. In order to move the prooess forwad, it was resolved that five thematic
groups be oonshtuted. KWSEEDS zero-draft resulted from the milatm of inputs tiom
the frve (5) thematic groups. The zero draft which was facilitated by the UNDP k was
oiesented ior revdew to a summit of top G w m functjonarjes. Um? outcam o             f
khch was a revised zero-draft The z & draft was presented at workshops in each of
                                       e
the three (33 senatonal dstrrcts for fq@hgimputs&y stakeho&lersaoross the State- The
UNDP team attended the, workshops? Thi- inputs from these workshops were
                                   KW_SEmS_dp-&
oonsldered and r r a c l u d e d ~ ~ e                   Ti)e rero draft was a s posted
                                                                              to
on the nets~te the &ate for oomrnents on@-
                of
THE STRATEGIC FRAMEWORK

Preamble
Having reviewed the issues and challenges facing the state, the drafting committee
developed a framework for KWSEEDS. This framework is illustrated in figure 2 below.
The summary of the project development strategies is presented in figure 3 below.
Figure 2: KWSEEDS Strategic Framework




                           .           .
                                                         i
                                           -.. ACTIOX PLANS c
                                                                     .
                                                                    -F   ;
                                                                           .. .
                                                                          +,Y .   -             ~.
                                                                                                                    -
                                                             .?
                                                              , .                 -.       ".*
                                                                                            ,
                                                                                           *-
              -   *
                  ,
                      &
                      "
                      .7

                               .
                                   ,
                                   -
                                   * * s e
                                   -4;
                                             -                                         ,             ru.'   .   ?
       Figure 3:                      Project D
                                                                                                                            ..
                                                  FINANC




FOCUS on direct
support

  Education
              .  .
  Primary Health Cam
                                 ,    ;.   ~:,
                                            :




-  Water and Sanitation
               ..t-,'L-
                                                                                                      *Fiscal Responsibility
E.g.    of                           Alrea                                                              Administrative and
Achieved                                                                                               -,.,...--I,.---:,.



.   and sanitation
    EA.-':""              Dl""         '    ' '
                                                                                                          Liberaiiionof

                                                           E.g. of Planned Projects          .'
                                                           = Scale Agriculture: 20,000       .,
    and education                                           hectares per annum




                                                      -.
                                                           . -
                                                                  *,.
                                                                      . --
                                                                        ,;-.
                                                                  - --.-.      .   ,     '        .
                                        CHAPTER FIVE

       STRENGTHS, WEAKNESSES, OPPORTUNITIES AND THREATS (SWOT)
                              ANALYSIS

This analysis is necessary for the state to significantly redefine herself along the path to
true sustainable development. The overriding objective of this section is to identify the
opportunities available to the state for fostering growth and development in today's
global economy.

Strengths
        The geographical location of the Kwara State in the country as a gateway
                                                           t'
         between the southem and northem parts, and is to accessibility to Lagos,
         and Abuja (FCT) facilitates economic and social exchanges;
                                              of
        The climate a n d ~egei-a&~n. the state are conducive to commercial,
                                                                    ..
         agricultural activities;      .g-G -.~'.
                                               -
                                             ..- . -
                                              ~




        The favourable disposition of the ethnic groups in the state to one another
        explains the prevailing climate of peace and tranquility;
         Mineral resourcas in significant commercial quantities. These mineral
         resources include gold, tantaliie, columbie, beryl, granite, clays, glass sands,
         kaolin, marble, feldspars, tin and barite. If extracted in a prudent and
         susta~nable
        state; "       I-
                             -    thay ..G
                                 9. fpsif?XJ
                                                  -$...
                       manner, *,.-gn-contrib e the long-term development of the
                                                  .
                                                     n.
                                                        *.

                                                        . .*i
        The locatidg'oi an lotematma1 a i i A h a t makes the state more readily
         accessible to investors.

Weaknesses
       An overdependence on allocahons from the Federal Government for
       revenue. In the last five years, an qvcpge of 80% of total revenues accrued
       from the Federabon Account
       ~nfrastntctu$.baii K h s t a t e is we& ~ h i i ~ j p ~ a r d i current and MUm
                                                                       zes
       chances for ecomi~k.dbprnent..nc-*                   --
       The low lev& of industrial and mrnerclal activrbes are disadvantageous m
       attracting pnvate cap~tal the state.
                                to
       F W s and ero51on are destructwe to farmlands, lnrestodr and houses m the
       state. parbcularfy in iow-lyug, hrgh water table local government areas o     f
       Mom. Edu and Pami.                    ti
                                   -    *          ..
Opportunities
                     the presence o tiertMIy insbtubons such as a unw&sflyrtVhvo
                                    f
                     pofyt~nrcs,three Coflegesof Edumbon are a means of produclfig
                     quaflfied manpower for evefy sector of the state emnomy;
                     the piesenoe of an rntwnatranal a m
                                                       r w k h enhances eoonomic
                           mi      -
                     and s a a&& - M the state;
                                                                          for
              the strategic location of the state provides opportun~ties both
              economic, cultural and soc~al exchanges;
              a number of agriculture related research institutes which are based
              in the state impact positively on the development of agricultural
              manpower;
          s   the presence of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and numerous
              commercial banks promote commercial activities;
              the existence of private industrie! outfits such as Global Soap and
              Detergents, Dangote Group of Companies, Nigerian Bottling
              Company and Okin Group of Companies promote industrial and
              commercial activities; and -  ;
              the presem,~fgeYeral tougst centres such as Owu Water Falls,
               Patigi RegattaL-Esie Museum and Monuments can be further
              exploited throua partnership with the private sector to create
              wealth and generate employment

Threats
              parts of the state such as Moro, Patigi, and Edu which are low lying
              are prone to ecolog~cal probkms of flood and erosion;
              prewnderance df-youthful.population. numerous tourists' centres,
              sh- tertiary insbk&ons and an intemqtional airport make the state
              vulnerable to HNIAIDS; a n i t - "- "- - -.
              women account for more than 50% of the popuiabon and are over
              represented among the poor. If adequate safety nets are no2
              provided, the incidence of poverty among women in the state will
              increase.
                                       CHAPTER SIX
                 ECONOMIC STRUCTURE AND RESOURCE PROFILE
A.     ECONOMIC STRUCTURE
The economy of Kwara State has under-performed in spite of available opportunities. In
addition, in spite of the state's abundant agricultural, industrial and tourism potentials, its
revenue is largely dependent on federal allocation. As stated in the state's 2004
                                                                    was 84%of the recurrent
                                                                 reven&;accounted for only
16%of the                                                         Kwara State possesses the
potential to become a net exporter of food crops and other agricultural products,
minerals and industrial items. Its location and pspulation composition also afford it the
potential to become a hub for intra-national trade and commerce. It has a distinct
comparative advantage in the cultivation of several food and industrial crops. The
                                                                              be productively
                                                                               The economic
structure of                                                              is characterized by
underdevelopment and under-actualiition of huge existing potentials. Some of the
factors hindering economic development in the state are as follows:
           a network of poorly planned and maintained physical infrastructure; and
    a      a costly, inefficient and demoralized avii service with low productivii.
The b~ggestchallenge for the people and government o Kware is to expand its
                                                    f
economy by h a m e s s p the hqnanppurcpii %t@s so as to create sustainable
                                             d&p-l
weakti for the crtizeng.      _.A:--z+ -- -1
B.     RESOURCE PROFILE
i.     Financial Resources (RevenudDebt)
Finance is not only m a for execuhng government prqects tmely and according to
                       ul
                                          ~
specifcatsons but its,availabili& f i ens& sustaiplc. economic growth and
development if productively. utiliz&iaq~~jsge~ernUy~satd~to inadequate reJativa
                                                              be
to wants. It is thus necessary for a dynamic and pro-actne government to asphe
oonbnuwsty to mprove rts financial resources. Thisis naoessary if the yeami:+ o fhe
                                                                               f
peopk and the aspiratom o Ule gmwnment are to be met. In the case of Kwara
                              f
State, the finanaal resources a v W k to A currently idude: docabons from the
Federatmn Aocount internally generated revenue; bomowmg and suppat funds from
aonor agenww.
                                       0


                                                                    e
Allocation From Federation & ~ l r n t - . ~ u n d s - ~ - a c a u from the Federatron
Acwunt Alocabon b m r t a e e (FAAC) comprise Statutory AUocabon, d o g 1 4 fund.
Value Aaded Tax (VAT), and e -
                             x     crude o revenue. Though the data's atlocaton
                                           i
from ihls source has mtiraued 1 mcrease wW1 an annual average growth rate o
                                 0                                                   f
43.86% between 1999 and 2003, the fluctuations in the percentage increase could
impede the execution of on-going projects in the state. This calls for the exploration of
alternative sources of revenue.

Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) - Numerically, the state's IGR increased
continuously from 1999 to 2002 but declined in 2003. Although the average annual
growth of IGR in the state between 1999 and 2003 stood at 47.22%, which is
impressive, the significant and precipitate drop of. 25.02% recorded in 2003 is
worrisome. It is therefore necessary to expand the revenue base in an effort to reverse
the direction of change of IGR.

Borrowing -Available records as at 31"- December, 2003, show that the state's
external and internal debt stood at $333,514,525.26 and P189,922,289.8! respectively.
The high indebtedness of the state, which has culminated in huae monthly deductions
at source by the Federal Government makes it difficult for the state to embark on
meaningful development of requir&frastycture and social amenities.

Other Sources    - The contribution of grants to the state's revenue profile is rather
insignrticant. Out of a total revenue of P153.830.013,087.00 realized between the year
2000 and June 2004, only a sum of N285,190,712.00 or 0.52% was E ~ e ~ e d    as grant
by the State Government The table below shows the revenue profile of the state
between 2000 and 2004.          -.-- 4
                                   .
                                   *
                                            '1

                                            -
                                                Ili

                                                 . -- .
                                                 :
                                                          -
                        - .--.         I&&+.      &       ?:

Table 4:     Revenue Profile of the State




   Source:   Kwara State Planning Commission
             Difeclorate of Budget.

i.
 i      Human resources
                                evc
The sze of Kwara State puMc s r r e manpower was 20.589 in 1994. This &xhed to
16.651 and 12.288 in 1995 and 1996 respectively. I;lwt state public sewvlce also
experred loss of vitalmanpower-especra31y infhernedicalsetvices p k s m n buoh
as doctors. nurses. laboratory technologists, teachers. agricuihtral experts and
engineers. Currently, the state has only 26 medical doctors w o in the General
                                                               w
Hospitals. As of now. sc~moeconamic    a&v&es m the state are manly governme&-
orrven hence, lhe vdtal rmpomce of effeGtrve human resources development in older t
                                                                                  o
fully expio~t g r o potentials.
            its         ~
iii.    Natural Resources
The state is blessed with abundant natural resources waiting to be exploited. These
range from fertile land for agriculture to abundant mineral deposits such as gold,
limestone, chalk, marble, kaolin, feldspar, mica as well as water resources. The state is
presently undertaking a survey to determine the actual quantity and the economic value
of its mineral resources. Presently, substantial revenue is being lost to the activities of
illegal miners. KWSEEDS will put in place appropriate legal framework to monitor and
control these activities with a view to expanding the revenue base of the state.

iv.    Crop Production .                                .a.
Kwara State has compara'tive advantage in the production of a wide variety of food and
industrial crops as well as livestoc&due to its suitable climate and fertile soil which cut
across the entire state. Prominent amongthe-cropsproduced in the state are: cassava,
yam, maize, cocoa, soyabeans, rice. groundnut, plantain, vegetables, citrus fruits,
pawpaw, cowpeas, beans, cashew, oil palm, kolanut, sorghum, coffee, melon, sugar-
cane and sweet potato.

v.    Fishery
Fishing is a common occugatiqn among the people living in the riverine areas such as
Edu, Patigi, Moro Lo@l G o v e ~ r n e g  Aregs, etc. especially along the banks of River
Niger and its tributaries. Tilapia;catfish;mud-fish;    crabs, ek. represent some of the
abundant specles in the state.

vi.    Livestock
Livestock and pouiby production are practised in the state. Some of the livestock
                           - - .--
commonly reared in the state include cattle, sheep, goats and pigs.
                            --                          -
                                     *I.       *>            *   " ..-
"ij.     Foresby
                  .   ,    i
                          - 7.
                           .-.. - **-
                                           .
                                   -- . .-,*
                                                    ~




                                                            --
                                                       .,,&.-- .-.       .'
The state has an estimated 10.000 square kilometers of woodland containing such
economic trees as teak, iroko. mahogany, gmdina and pulpwood which pmvide raw
                            bu<uiiiiiiiy, p z p a and matdbbox industries in the state.
r n a t e ~ l for mm~;iiiing.
              s

vtii. Tourism Resources
Kwara State as earii.er,statf&&    n$ only 8 gateway sta9 between the Northem and
                                    ~
Southem parts of Nei-g.L.
                   &rabtjis        known fOL& jwcefulnatula it can thus beocwne a
good tours! centre. The state d dmtify twrisl potentrals and develop them in
                                      l
&laboration wrth respec&= tel Gov&nt                 Art& so as to inc;ea& Intemaily
Generated Revenue. Exam-                                     r:                in
                                  of these tourist oohtiais a e the Atkni Mos~ue Asa
Local Government Area and Patgi Regatta h Patgi loca: government                kea.
                                                                                   In
pursuance of this objective. a tounsm development und wrU be created i an a p p r e
                                                                        n
hlmisby lo give effed t the aspiratrons o the state in this sedar.
                       o                 f
                                 *
ix.    Other Resources
Other natural resources with which the. State is richly endowed are gold, tantalite,
columbite, beryl, granite, clay, glass sand, kaolin, marble, feldspars, tin and barite. The
table below contains the list of solid minerals and their locations in the state.


   Table 5: Solid Minerals and Their Locations.




   Source:    Ministry of Industry and Sold Minerals Development


Man-Made Resources              .     ,
                                      $


The State provrdes support seryices i y d iofrastiuchrral facylhes aimed at its rapid socio-
economic development-These i n d u d e s m f i v e (65) water works ax! 980 hand
operat& boreholes. The state also rehab~tltated   seventeen (17) water works, and drilled
addrtmnal tb~rty(30) hand-operated boreholes and acqu~redsome water tankeas to
complement the ercsbng urban water supply especially in llorin meirqwh.
In realuabon of the potenha! of eleotncrty supply as a major ingredmt br mdwbd
deveiqment the state snvested heavdy in the comechon of rural communIbes b the
national gnd. Currently, quantQ of manpower demand in the state exceeds the level o        f
generabon. For mstancq, :the_-lforin Tra~smi-          Station, w h i has an h t a k d
                      generates on& SWVA which is grossly inadequate to meeS the
capauty o i 1 0 5 ~ V K
current demand of 75OMVk The state has put a place a vrnle mstiM&oml arrangemerA
                                                  n
for the managment of solid and bqurd waste with the engagement of a solid waste
consurtant (Ola-Kieen Ntgerda Luia~ted). T k scheme has succeeded in keep- our
streets clean and providing employment for our youths and women who are now fully
engaged in productive activities.

Policy Thrusts
         to increase the level of internally-generated revenue, thereby de-emphasizing
         the current level of dependence on the FederationAccount as the main
         source of revenue for the state; and
         to de-emphasize external borrowing and reduce the current debt overhang
         and thus free more resources for development.

Targets
          increase the level of internally-Generated Revenue from the current level of
          20% to 30% (2005); 40% (2006); and 50% (2097) of !s!z! revsnuo;
          reduction of the current external debt burden of $333,514,525.26 by at least
          5% by the end of 2007;            ---    --
          ensure the full participation of the state in all development assistance
          programmes supported by internaticiial donor agencies operating in the
          country; and
          reduce current internal debt burden of N89.922.289.81 by 50% by 2007

Strategies       -          e r e .r a
         strengthening the State B-rd ~f Internal Revenue to enable it cope with the
         increasing needs for internallygenerated revenue;
         evohnng an effecbve tax reform system that will address all areas of low tax
         collectron; and
         exploiting the current favourable d~sposition external donor agencies to the
                                                     of
         state th6ugh the sourcing of external donor assistance to fund ~ w a r a
          SEEDS.           .    .
          I
          .C   $-- .PARTP ::
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AGENDAIEMPOWERING
              PEOPLE
                                    CHAPTER SEVEN



Situation Analysis
The standard of education in Kwara State is not impressive. While the relevant data to
measure the current situation in the state is unavailable for the most part, as at 1991 an
estimated 91% of the state's adult poptrlation was categorized as non-literate.

An analysis of the slate_$                     ~,qg&&i~~tiPns.reveals a number of
worrisome trends. The                           committed fo eliminating gender disparity
in primary education by 2007 as well as ensuring that by 2015 all children in Kwara
State will be able to complete primary education. Tables 6, 7, 8, and 9 below show the



                                                       -
                                                 II
situation in the education sector in the state WU respect to types of school, enrolment,
teacher-student ratio, and gender distribution of studentslpupils.
                                                  b    .-
Table 6:     Educatipn: Indimtors for kwara       "
Indicators
                           .-   ~   ---       .    .
                                                  ..
                                                           .
                                                                       1 ~i~ceYear
                                                                             1
Percenhge of adult lieracy enrolment                                   1 9% 1 1991
Secondary school enrolment                                              135.699   2003
Secondary School teacher-student ratio                                    1:29    2003
Pnmary school enrolment                                                 524.160   2004
                                             a
Primary sGhool teacher-pupil ratio                                        1:37    2004
                     4.-   e f~. dsi                   -z-
                                                               -
                                                  :
                                                  "



Source:     state ~ h n n i n g C o r n m & & ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
                                                   .,              -


Table 7:     Enrolment i n Public Schools in 2003104




Swrce:MOE; TSC; SPEB; AME
                                                       .=.
             ,   , ,   "   .     :   &    ;      ; :
                                                       0
                                                       ..        & .   .   . ..   I




                                     ..   .. .     .         ~


Table 8:     PubliclPrivate Schools

Types of School            Number         Remarks
Public Primary             1,238                                           -
Private Primary              327          Managed by private individuals and religious
                                          bodies
Public Secondary               239        Federal Government, 2 State Government, 237
Primary Secondary              70         Managed by private individual
Public Tertiary                 7         Federal Government, 2; State Government, 5




NOTE:                                -
                                     r
   1.      'Notable Gfmder Cik%%*i*.;,k ~l~dment
   i.
    i      Swrce: MOE; PRS Department; TS@andSPEB.
The Education Sector in Kwara State Faces a Number of Challenges:
               a good number of teachers lack appropriate training and quaiifications.
                This has an adverse impact on the quality of students prepared by the
                educational system. This is evident in the generally poor performance
                of pupils/students in national examinations such as the common
                entrance for admission to unity schools and those for admission into
                universities;
                while school attendance is on the increase, there remains a significant
                orooortion of children that do not attend primary school. In addition,
                                      ,.. ..
                b r $ r c $ p r & . i n..h o.g .
                                        ~                  y&s&$~!k
                                                                  . .k'..~2- in favour of mab
                                                                          tilted
                pup ; a                                  + ~ . ~,

                                                                not
                the curriculum' of liami'c schoolk~does include subjects such as
                   -    ~    -   -         ~

                Mathematics, English Language, Technical and Social studies. This
                                                   . .
                ought to be redressed in order to strengthen the educational
                foundation of the pupils and students. In some schools basic sciences
                are not taught. This denies the pupils/students the opportunity of early
                aooreciation of the problems of HIVIAIDS and environmental
                r$&r?datim. . .
                 . 8       .
                                     g*.  .. .<'
                                          .
                                           I
                                           c   .'.. .@ +.,
                                                      .-
                                                         +   -~.. -.-
                                                                -..,;s.*.
                                                                     .
                                                      ..
Po,icy Thrusts     .
                            -." , --
                                   ...     .   ... . . A . .- . d. L.:
                                                .
                                                ?
                                                              & .z -:.
                  to enhance accessibility to quality education for all school-age children
                  in the state;
                  to facilitate access to education for all categories of people, especially
                  the vulnerable groups, e.g. the poor, children and women;
                  to improve the quality of functiot~al technical education in the state;
                                                      and
                  to e n s u r e . $ o & s n of CUM',    examination malpractices and all

              .   f-of                                          .~ -        -
                             violence in the $ucatio@ instihitions of the state; and
                  to e n s u a a t pup&,--students, and teaches are sensitized on the
                  problem of HIVIAIDS and its consequences and prevention.

Targets
                                                                 rm
           to increase the attendance rate in pnrnaly schools f o its wrrent level of
           about 60% to a rnuilmum level of 80% by 2007;
           to increase annualtyJhe propxbon of sfudent who score a m~nmum 5     of
           credits. i n d u d m n g _ M ~ ~ a b c s & g sdences h the secondary
                                                              l~
           school ieawng examinahon by 10% between 2005 and 2007;
           to ensure gender balance in all state-owned schools by 2007;
           to eradrcate exammatron malpracttces, wthsm, sexual harassment and
                              col
           vtolence from all s h o s by 2007;
           to integrate E n g m Language. Mathemabcs, Integrated Suence and Social
           Shrd~es the arrocgla otall & f n i c ~
                    into                                ~ by 2007; and
                                                               2     s
           to m d d e tn the sc~ence wm$m the teading of sexualrty educaban and
           Wogy (envlronmtal saence);by 20077--                             -
Strategies                                  ..
         an education database and information management system will be put in
         dace to track and collate relevant information and data:
         911 existing educational infrastructure will be renovated to make schools more
         learner-friendly and attractive;
         a skills gap assessment will be carried out for teachers at all levels to
         determine the skills and competences required for development;
         teaching standards will be improvrt.1tMr,ligh :sacha- iraining education in the
         Colleges of Education;
         pursuing increases in female enrolment and graduation in schools in all
         secondary schools;
         science, technical and infomation-technology education will be strengthened
         in all secondary schools;
         enactment of relevant laws and enforcement of existing ones to check
         cultism, examination malpractices and.other foms of violence in educational
         institutions; and '-              . 1        L-,    . .+
                                                              HlVlAlDS education, its threats,
         sensitize all pupik, students, a n i t t ? a c h e k ~
         and prevention.
                                    CHAPTER EIGHT

                                HEALTH AND HIVIAIDS

Situation Analysis
As in many parts of Nigeria, the health. system and infrastructure have seriously
deteriorated over the past decade in the state. This has led to a breakdown in health
prevention and curative services are inadequate. These problems are compounded by a
shortage of trained personnel at all levels of the system. At the same time, levels of
productivity amongst health professionals are low on account of inadequate incentives.
The quality of physical infrastructure is poor andmany health facilities lack the required
basic equipment and drugs.                 . . ~. -. T . . .
                                                  ._
                                                  A -.
                                            ..   -
                                                     .
                                                     .-
                                                         .
                                                           *
As a consequence of this situation, the-level ofinfa& child and maternal mortality and
morbid* across vulnerable groups remain high. For instance, infant mortality in Kwara
stands at 71 per 1,000, while child (under 5) mortality is currently 133 per 1,000.
Maternal mortality is 980 per 100,000.

One of the main challenges facing the health sector in Kwara is to tackle the incidence
of malaria that currently accounts for nearly 70% of the. incidence of ill health in the
state. Other probiems are associated with &m-municable diseases due to poor
environmental health condi0n.s especial$- the incidence .of diarrhea and other water-
borne diseases, including dysentery and gastroenteritis which account for high
incidence of infant and child mortality and morbidity.

The health sector also suffers from a lack of coherent strategic planning due to the lack
of proper health management infonabon system. The generabon of good health data
has not been adequate in Kwara in the recent past. The lack of accurate data and
infonabon has impeded effective health planning and mqagement
                          --               k
                                          i.     *..- -.    .   -
A major issue relates to the need to enhance access to effective primary health care so
as to reduce unnecessary pressure and demand on secondary schools and twtiary
level health facilities. At present. there is an absence of a primary health can? strategy.
At the same time. there have been inadequate pattriership arrangements between the
public and private health providers and NGOs.

The prevaienw rates of HNfADS in K m State were2.9%,4.3% anel 2.7% in 1999.
2001 and 2003 reqmchely. Although-the M-appeam to have been mwsed, the
potgntMJ threat posed to human resources in the state by HNlAlDS has been
rec~gnlted appropriate strategy wdi be put in place to check tho threat
           and

A number of important m~trabveshave been launched under the new adminlstrabon in
Kwara State. These indude: mrpre equitable redistnbubon o medzal and health care
                                                           f
workers among the varms health instltuttons in the state to achieve optsmal uNtzabon
of h u m and other resources; maease in the number of medical and health OesMwuJel
lo mprove staffing rams and SENJC~S to o f e tho la& of m i b m n t over the last 15
                                        fst
years; purchase of N5 million drugs for the health sector and re-establishment of
Essential Drugs Programme; provision of N200 million for hospital equipment; updating
and reorganization of all medical files,- regisfries and records to improve health
management; procurement of essential medical items such as computers, furniture and
basic equipment; improvement of medical stores facilities and improved stores
management and security; training programmes for community health workers on
immunization and family planning in all 16 Local Government Areas; distribution of anti-
tuberculosis and anti-leprosy vaccines and drugs to 159 communities; free eye
screening and distribution of glasses and upgrading facilities, equipment and
management s y s t e m \ i " ~ . . ~ = j & refer$ hotpit$,,,*                   th
                                                              ~ a r a - ~ e a lsummit has
undertaken a thoroua rev1 w of health1 ' es an& ealth o~portunlties the state and
                                                                           in
has proposed a range of piicy thrusts, ta*rgets, strategies 2nd an action plan to guide
the health components of KWSEEDS.

Policy Thrusts
            to enhance affordable access to effectrve preventive and curative health
            systems to all citizens;
            State health p.olicy will be ajgned,io F@er+ Health Policy. UNAlDS and
            WHO guidelines with emph is onkepder m d environmental concerns.
                                           8
            to strengthen pnmary hea care and health management information
            system; and
            to enhance the resources and capacrty with whlch to effect sero-
            suive~llance,voluntary testing and counseling, condom distribution, supply
            of health faalaes in the state to cany out HlVlAlDS surve~llance,safe
            blood supply a~dpther     healp related HIV interventions.

Targets                    -
                            T    >
                                            - - -.-.--3q -
                                            t
                                            -?
                                              -   --.
                                                  t
                                                     ,
          Ach~eve 30% reducbon in infan! mortality by 2007;
                                  n
          Achreve 30% reducbon i C!IM (under 5) mortality by 2007;
          Reduce maternal mortality by 50% by 2007;
          Increase budgetary allocatron to health from 7% to 15% by 2007; and
          Redue HNlAlDS prevalence rate to not more than 1.5% by 2007.

Strategies
                            -
                            7.
                                 .>
                                  ,-
                                           5.
                                                d

                                                  t
                                                             =
                                                             .
                                                                 '
                                                                 .
         strengthen the hegrated &agat              of Childhood Illness (IMCI) in
                   and
         hosp~tals health centres;
         oonwol and reduce the burden in the state of htgh pmrw diseases suoh as
         HIViAlDS. maiana, TB. Diarrhea and Acute Resp~ratwy   Infecttons;
         strengthen chiid survrval programme o the State Primary HealthCare;
                                              f
         a&-i.ase and mprove i m m u n m coverage for all oltrzens;
         improve and strengthen nutritional programme in hosp&als and hedth
         centres;          -                -               -
         provrsjon of free and efdeotrve anthaad can? to pregnant m e n by
         Decernber 2005;
         pro~is~on oompreheras~veEssenbal 0bsW-k Care in all hospitals and
                    of
         health cefitres;


                                 -              35
                           --          .             ----.           -
provision of maximum health package in all hospitals and health centres;
intensify advocacy for increased budget allocation for the health sector;
develop and implement state health policy and state health laws;
mobilize and sensitize the Chief Executives at State and Local Government.
levels to place health or?the political priority agenda;
develop and implement effective health referral system;
strengthen the already established State Action Com~nitteeon HIVIAIDS
(SAGA)
procurement of Blood Transfusion equipment and installation for the 2005
proposed establishment of Central Blood Bank in ilorin;
establishment of Anti-Retroviral Drug centre at 3 sites in !he State; and
conduct survey of sero prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS in December, 2005.
                                    CHAPTER NINE

                                    ENVIRONMENT
                                                                .
Situation analysis
For the first time in the country's history, a Federal Ministry of Environment in which all
environment related activities are domiciled was created in May 1999. All State
Governments have replicated this action.

In Kwara State, recent actions h e begn taken%to.rpan?ge     environmental factors in a
more responsible and ~sus~l~;~~e%~h~~r:~'Pir~sM&~~fml have     Government Areas
health and sanitation office- for monitoring the environmental conditions in the different
local government areas. The State Government has already introduced some specific
state-wide initiatives to improve environmental management. These include the
following:

          the provision of waste collection bins in each metropolis in the State;
          extension of the      a
                               ' -     gmi $re@' programme to all sixteen Local
                                               "
          Government Areas in the state, a d . . .
                                         . - --..
          the provision of modem public sanitary conveniences.

In spite of the achievements recorded so far, the environment sector continues to face a
number of challenges, viz

          i n s w e n t funding and inadeqwte inhastrudure;
          poor environmena educaticm;.espeaally with regard to waste management;
          increase in ~ r a h u b a n.,m, , ~
                                           . ..            -.
          soil erosion and W r n g in many parts of the state; and
          creeplng desertification.

Policy Thnrsb
           to magate envuonmental extemaks from economic and s & actnf&.ies
                                                                  o
                                                n
           i: the state to their barest@ni~ium;a d
            :
           to rase the level ofpublrpaweness on the importance of environmental
           management and b                      with the social and economic
           development of K w m S a ett.
Targets
                 m ae
             to r e s the sues o p l a n t a h farms by 750 hedares annually by
                                     f
             2007;
      r      to accomplish one hundred &cent       oompkance with the monlhly
             environmental sanltatron       by 2007;
             i ensure that all locel Gwemment Areas have a wstaMaMe
              o
             envxmental management plan by 2005; and
             to grow 700.000 droughtmtant trees in northem and central Kwara by
             2007.
                                       .   .
Strategies
             review existing environmental protection laws to ensure their suitability
             and identify the institutional requirements for enforcing them effectively;
             organizing of stakeholders' fora to sensitize the public on the need for
             prudent management of the environment;
             strengthening partnerships with international development and donor
             agencies in the provision of environmental and health services;
             ensuring the adoption of environmental mi';igation measures by private
             and public enterprises, and ensuring compliance with the state's
             environmental laws and guidelines;
             using such measures as effective monitoring and instruments such as
             taxes, levies and subsidies to reduce the environmental externalities from
             mining and agricultural activities;
             ensuring that all companies continuously conduct Environmental Impact
             Assessment (EIA) of their activies and carry out regular environmental
             audits;                  -
                                 ~. . .     -- ,-.:.  -
             organisation of extensive multi-sectoral sensitization programmes to
             educate the people on ways of making compost to replace the use of
             chemical fertiliim; recyding waste as an employment generating activity
             for women and youth;
             ensuring that more locations bepetit from additional waste disposal
             containers and.dwop&WW:. & ;.     ,
             proposing l-Oon        @rI!-hq&$pWbniof       waste d s o a levy;
                                                                  ipsl
             ensuring legislationto malie bu$h 6-Umirigfor hunting an illegal activii.
             embarkircg on a tree planting exercise in the northem and central parts of
             the state; and
             empowering of women economically to reduce theu r e l i c e on firewood.
                                        CHAPTER TEN

                        HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT

Situation Analysis
The number of available housing units of desired standard in Kwara State is
madequate. A recent study of llorin, the state capital, conducted by the State Ministry of
Lands 8 Hous~ng  showed that majority of houses in the city were built a very long tlme
ago and do not conform to modem safety, heal* and environmental requirements.
The summary of the outcome of the study is shown in table ten below. Master plans
developed for communities in the state as f6f                a&
                                                     as 1977 have not been adequately
implemented. The new u+an and regi~pal~glanning-law 1992 has not been
                                                                of
implemented and an older law is sti! n .
                                     iw                -     -_
Table 10:     Types of Houses in llorin

                       Status                                                   % of Total
Houses built wth mud walls                    '
                                                                                   60
Houses without flush toilets and bath shower                                       70
Houses without electricity                                                         65
Houses without water comedion --          *
                                         ,- ,.                   -,  - -,-. -      60

Although past governments have made efforts. constructing about one thousand (1.000)
low cost housing units in one hundred and forty three (143) locations, these have not
been able to meet the housing needs of the people. Over fifty government layouts
(residential, commercial and industrial plots) at.d$ferent locatiom in the state have poor
infrastructuralf a c i l i i , though some,L ,- q~vqpment
                                                   ,        Areas such as llorin East. West
and South. have organized &&       $&
                                   i           Ipprwenknt Schemes. These schemes are
oflen hampered by lack of- funds.                  e)so-the incessant trend of ruralurban
migration, due to the deplorable state of infrastructure and f a c i l i i in the rural areas.
TGSdrift of people from .the rural areas has led to overuowding in the urban areas as
well as overstretching existing facilities in urban areas such as Itorin and Offa.

Currently, efforts are underway to construct three hundred and fifty (350) expandable
one and two-bedroom housing units in ilorin kmmship to aUenate the houslng problem
of the peopk. Resdenbai layouts comstmg of about sx hundred (600)
                                                      i                  setvjced pbts
In ilorin are being presented-by the6wemmentfaaYocatiant Ohe pubSie. The layouts
                                                             o
will be provded wrth roads. dmages, ektrkdy* and water. Plans have aiready
reaohed advanced stage to r e v w Me Master Plan of lbnn and other major towns in the
State. The usual delay expenem& in the prooesstng of land documents has been
r e a u d . However, srgnjficant b,ottlen& remain in this regard and they m h u e to
                                         .
preclude Kwarans from aoqumng iand and owing houses.
                                                                 r
Policy Thrusts               ..
                             >
                             "A
                                  rr

                                       "U.~W&
                                             -r"

                                                C?     3'.   .         -   d



            formutatton of a h o w l n g a n d l t m a n . ~
                                                           policy that proMdes a platform
            for oreffctdve programme formuhtton for h e housing seotor;
          encouragement of private sector participation in the provision of housing,
          since a large percentage of the housing stock originates from this sector;
          and
          encouraging the use of local building materials to reduce the cost of
          housing. For example, using burnt bricks for the construction of simple,
          functional, cost-effective and environmentally friendly houses.

Targets
           commencement of urban renewal programmes for major towns and cities
          i n 200.5; .. *.
                        4,             .- . - . .     -    -
                                  c
                                  -i
           through private sector de
                                   c                    a minimum of 1,000 housing
           units per annum from 2005 to 2007;
           provision of 2.000 serviced plots in locations encompassing all local
           government areas and the state capital by 2007; and
           provision of 1,350 low cost housingunits at different locations in the state.

                        *: . - =o
                   -. , .      & :
                               , ;*f          :.z
                                          ;>*~-:.
                                                ~        -6
          Providing an incentive pregranrme-foryprivate sector participation in the
          housing market;
                       9                                               -.-
                                 approval and issuance of certificate of occupancy
                                 within two months;
                       9             ii
                                  r vo
                                 pos n     of roads, water and etecbiuty to designated
                          .      housing and industrial areas;
                       k,. .fp@p#g ~ ~ . m ?bans.g e
                            ,,            a                     ~
          upgrading human and physical resources,in the lands and housing
          Ministry;  - .-. .- .-. . .  1



          developing and implementing a master plan for llorin and other cities;
          developing and implementing a comprehensive housing poiicy that
          includes minimum housing standards and other limitation laws; this should
          also indude the development of a housing requirementsdatabase;
          facilhting access to mrtgag~ loans for citizens.               This can be
          accom~lished  throurih coSlaboration with financial instihrtions:
                                                            lpcalproductionofsudl
                                                     asameansofreducuyllheoost
          of conshuchng houses. The Government should atso stnve to use these
          materials in the w sr c o of offiual structures such as xhods and
                             n tu b n
          hwp!tab;
          revrstng Ule cumatlum of fawlbas of A  -r         and budding in tertiary
          msbtiiions to encouragf:  @uates;io budd wrth rndrgenous matem&
          s ~ ~ g ~~&,BR$@& ~ l n g \aft,tb~  Hetg-ood      ~~~t         Scheme
          (NIS)  through the p r a w n oiedequataMfrastnrcture;
          enforc~ngappropMte U m n g regulabons to sbanglben and s y m g z e
          development mtrol & t o Government;
                                  a f
          ensunng that all budding plans am approved and morutored by the Town
          Plannrng and       lo^ Authority t a r d il)@
                                                    o            and substandard
          stnrcturs;                       -
encouragement of private sector participation in the housing sector
through the provision of incentives.
                                 CHAPTER ELEVEN

                                  GENDER ISSUES

Situation Analysis
The issue of gender is an integral part of the development process in any society. It
assesses the-implications for women and men of any policies, or programmes in all
areas and levels of human endeavours in order to achieve social justice and sustainable
human development. Gender equality is a matter of human rights and justice and as
such forms the bedrock of sustain~bledevelop,snt.
                                 *__.             -.-
In contemporary societies, women.constitut6 a,fomidable force in social, political and
economic development. Women-h.                       .no .exception. According to the
                                  e- .
1991 population census, women rP 0 %55                       of the total population of
Kwara State. In spite of this superior numerical strength, women in Kwara State are
marginalized in all spheres of human endeavour due to the prevailing sociocultural and
religious beliefs of the people.
                                             -P    1

Currently, the ntlmber of women l i n g belw &poverty line is high compared w~th
                                                                               their
male counterparts. Therefore, for any development programme to be meaningful, it
must target women.        -- -- ---.'   . -


Policy Thrusts:



            any form ofd % wn a a ;.
                         k ? i _ 4 n,
            STDs; and . : :L
                             '
                                 '-
                                              _
            increase access of women to opportunities and resources designed to
            enhance their welfare and well-being;
            provision of institutbnal framework for the protection of women against
                                             .F   , ,. ,
                                                   ,
                                                 @ t
            reduction of m a t e r p i f h q w -a tq :spread of HIVIAIDS and other
                                        -. - 2 . b -
                                               . , -
                                                        .
                                                         -
            increased awareness campaigns to sensitize citizens on the dangers of
            women t r a M n g and expJoitation for prostitution.
Targets:
                     organ-   a oneday ph-th-            workshop annually for NGO's
                                               l
                                              g gender !elated Issues such as STDs,
                                                   etc, between 2005 - 2007; and
                                                  , .
                     provide women u                 w with miuo credils to boosf
                                                                        ~                 ~
                     their socioeconomic deve)opmentdunng the plan period;
Strategies:
               antculate a state p d c y with rne?sumbk mdffltors gender equality;
                                                                 on
           s   dcwnesttcate and epforp the appkabk e n s of the U.N. Comenbon
               0 the U l m i n q p ~ f Q w ~ ~ ~ & q ~ (CEDAW)~and CRC;
                "                                                  ~ t , ~ m e n
               nstttubaalue and p r m aocess temwocredit f a c a b atad other
               poverty atlevrabon s t r a m for women; and
organize Advocacy campaigns, and sensitization programmes on
HIVIAIDS, STDs, girl child education and other gender issues.
                                   CHAPTER TWELVE

                                   POVERTY PROFILE

Poverty Indicators In Kwara State
Poverly is pervasive in Kwara State. It is characterized by malnutrition, illiteracy and
ignorance, poor health, diseases, abuses of children and women rights, juvenile
delinquency, teenage pregnancy, HIVIAIDS, high infant m ~ r t a ~ tlow life expectancy,
                                                                    y,
squalid surroundings, physical insecurity, social exclusion and neglect of members of
vulnerable groups.

According to UNDP (1997). Kwara State compares poorly with national standards in
terms of Human Development lndex (HDI), life expectancy, adult literacy, educational
attainment; mean household income and percentage of junior secondary school
enrolment. Empirical data indicated that the National Human Development lndex (NDI)
is 0.406, but for Kwara State, the q~j.-@utjs 0183.
                           .- - .-   w




Safety N e t s For Vulnerable Groups: Government Intervention
The State Government recognizes that as long as poverty exists, there cannot be any
meaningful development It has therefore instituted some measures to address this
scourge since its assumption of o f b in 2003 in several fronts.
                                                   'id,'w

a.   Rural Poor            .   .     . dLilC   .       . .,
                                                     . . .c   - ..
                                                              .   ,

Ba& to l ",
       a'                  j?~& .;&.i
                              .---. +*&      seedli"g$, grid preparalion of land.
provision of farm implet%nts 6 small ho fanners and establishment of micro-credii
schemes, skill acquisitions for self-employment through National Diredorate of
Employment (NDE) and bee fanning.

b.     Urban Poor
Labour intensive public works @roughq$ablkqment of Waste Management Scheme.
provision of low-cost qnd higby'~&iiizetj -@gq
                                            l. i   @'beme, rehabilitation of urban
public water works. & o ~ ~ h i p ~ % i & ~ ~ ~ through     adult education ,
Agency for Mass Education, skill acquisition, v  e    n    t of payment to retirees
from the month immediately foUowing retirement from public service, motor-cyde
(Okada). 7-Up. CocaCda Rental outlets and cigar-   kjosks.

c      Women
E n g a g e i t of women, wrdows as pad labour in the Waste Management Scheme,
                               to u r w e imbalance, microadit scheme for
scholarshrp schemes for g~rls @ ( t                 dr
v~omen,  unproved health &                              -.
                              d & i f a r r,.,evp Q m a l amid& healtfi.
d.    Youth
Direct engagement of youths in whrteodlar jobs, in -m,  W g . manufaduw.
Engagement of youths as pard labow in the Waste Management Saharne, sdwJJarsh~~
scbenaes fos youths. m r W I t , sensrtrzat;on and adromq o the preventton and
                                                           n
                                                    '   P
                                                        1
control of HIVIAIDS and other transmitted diseases in primary, secondary and tertiary
institutions in the state.

e.    Children
Scholarship schemes for girls, strengthening of juvenile houses and the school for the
handicapped, llorin, and the motherless babies home.

f.      Rural Communities
Rehabilitation of rural water works, provision cf boreholes in rural areas, rehabilitation of
health ce~tres, payment of a counterpart fund of N9 million for the World Bank-Assisted
Poverty Reduction Micro-Projects for rural communities, rehabilitation         schools and
rural feeder roads.                                    -     a
                             i   .&.*.        >   ,L, .
                                                     :      -        i
                                                                    . :

                             Y
                             .
                                 .W
                                 ..
                                      .; -   .
                                                 .   :   n   h   .x:.   .+.   .
                                                                              :
                                  CHAPTER THIRTEEN

                     SAFETY NETS FORVULNERABLE GROUPS

Situation Analysis
The Kwara State Government has put in place safety nets for vulnerable groups. The
government also recognizes that, there remains a considerable scope of work to be
done in this sector. This belief evident from the initlation of social welfare policies to

living and well being @.a
                      A .   -               -----
                                                                 -   ..
                                                                     &
                                                                     !    -
address the various encumbrances inhibiting the attainment of an improved condition of


Government has put in place policies and infrastructure that directly address the
problem of the physically challenged, abandoned children, orphans, 'a!!naliris', abused
children, juvenile deiinquenis and other categories of citizens that comprise the
vulnerable group. At present, the Child Rights Bill is before the State House of
Assembly awaiting legislative passage.
                                              -     "-<-
Nan-Government Crggnizayp
State. 'Kwara Well Beina'    -.                 k
                                                           by the First Lady of Kwara
                                                         of tremendous assisbnce in
catering for the material k e d s df inmates of t state 'Reception Centrdorphanage
and the Juven~leRemand Home, Oko-Erinm. The State Government has already
provided mobility aids, worth ten million naira to about 150 physically challenged
persons to ease their movement and empower them. Actions such as these would
                                  ___
prevent the poor from becoming poorer.
                             *          .    *
                                             .
                                             ,       -     <

The state also observes thean&aljnter&ljOGd Day of the elderly and the intemabonal
Day of Persons with Disabildy in@--rrith           the relevant UN Conventions. In
addhon, the State Government has put in place the following f a c l l i i for supportrng the
vulnerable groups of soaety:
          a Reception Centre where abandoned and adoptable ch~ldren are
          rehabilitated;
          a Juvenile Remand Home, appmed school and court have also been
          established to w e -   of          cues
                                            @sing from juvenile delinquency, and
                                                               -..
          a Rehabibtabon 'Cebb&"_liwx&eijt physically and mpnibveJy
          challenged perWk Ah$o.
                                                              --
Policy T h w t
                                         f
         improve the general well being o all categories o vuhwabb group induding
                                                         f
         the poor. unskilled persons, the unemployed, the physically ckdkged and
         persons iiving with HNIAIDS; and ' :


Targets
             reduce the nwnber of street beggars by 50%by 2007;
             reduce/uveniie m e s by 50% by 2007;
        o    reduce the number of cognitively challenged roaming the streets by 60%
             by 2007;
             resettlement of at least 250 destitute at the Rehabilitation Centre, Amayo
             by 2006;                          .-.
             ensure the enactment of the Child Rights Bill in consonance with CRC by
             2005;
             abolition of all harmful practices against women by the domestication of
             CEDAW by 2007;
             ensure 75% coverage of childbirth registration by 2007;
             reduce the prevalence rate of HIVIAIDS among women by 50% by 2007;
             improve zccess to basic health and education services and other care
             packages for vulnerable groups by 2007; and
             increase the number of gocial workers by 100% of the current staff
             strength by 2G07. :
                        - --
                                 --
                                  -
                                      ----      A         -3
                                                             -
Strategies
        providing special care and attention to all vulnerable groups identified. This
        would be done by providing safely nets for preventing people from sliding
        lower down along the povelty chain. Through special programmes, the rural
        and urban poor, people living yith HNPDS, women, wiilows and widowers,
        and victims of ethnic-.~leriwand' crimes .and househokls displaced by
        natural d i i t e n j uri4,pfj,                n,, capacity-building and family
        ernpcmrerment Strateales                        enhance the status of the less
        advantaged and vul&rable groups in the societr.
        providing training and suitable working f a c i l i for the Social Work
        Depament;
        all social work a c t i v i i to be decenplized by 2007;
        to ensure wider a=p$              of$* @ki.$bcaof birth registration;
                                   %
         collaborate @ ~bpria agenciesk stop child traffidng in Kwara State;
        reducing fhb. f v w 6f dis&n&m
                         err                           ag@@-*iIdren by ensuring eady
        enacbnent o the ch&-~%8ill into law and sensitizing Kwarans on the
                      f
        implition of the hw. and
        addressing the problems aeated by the dearth of baseline data, by creating a
        data bank where relevant information and data on ail issues affecting the
        s o d welfare SeEtorwouM be rec31$4 a i wated p e r i o d i .
                                                 ,.v..
                                   CHAPTER FOURTEEN

                           BALANCE IN DEVELOPMENT
Situation Analysis
Development in Kwara State prior to 1999 was lopsided. Hence, there had not been
equity in development efforts in the state. KWSEEDS will address these core issues to
ensure more even development of the state.

Policy Thrust
The ultimate t h ~ sof WSEEDS is to ensureNlance in the geo-political allocation of
                     t
                                                      in
resources in order to eliminate exisMg developmnt gap& the state.
                                    ."_
                                     &
                                         &I   -   4   - .
Target
Facilitate more even development among sectors, areas, zones and districts in the state
by 2007.

Strategies
Reinvigorate the state's !nteg?&L!!d    9&?!?yrnent Programme during the plan
period;                    &   +--        A
                                           .%
                                                  L-. I




   4     strengthen t h k s t a t a - 7-Programma during the plan
                                     r,

         md i :
         ensure capacity buiiding facilitation, the formulation and execution of
         development plans;
         adoption of bottomup (cornmunity-based)participatory approach in planning.
         ~mplementatmn management of prpjects and programmes; and
                          and
   •     ensure m o n f i ~ n q ~ $ q ! ! q y w qf'>I@elppmpt projects so that W are
                                                                                s
                                                                                t
         met                     * .
                                               -  -     %
                                                         Y
                       i.
       -
      i
       .+
           . -


           -
            c
               T ~ A ~ T 1.3, f l
                         -- l
                -  Y        -

GROWING THE PRIVATE SECTOR
                                     CHAPTER FIFTEEN

                                             -
               INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS CURRENT CHALLENGES

In spite of the enormous human and material resource endowments of the state,
coupled with its advantageous geographical location, private sector investment has
been less than expected. This sluation is attributable to inadequate infrastructure such
as roads, electricity, communication, etc. Also, there exists inadequacy of finance with
which to support private sector investment initiatives. This explains government 's
preference for collaboration with the private sector as a means of fostering widespread
private sector-led industrial development. In this regard, the government is providing
safety nets for potential investors through a micro credl scheme and collaborating with
                             -
local and international investors !Q-promote entrepreneurial development.
                                 3       u        Y    e   -   .

Furthermore. the govemrnant 'is f a c i ~ i & j J t J - ~ r + of registration for potential
investors and providina technical assistance for the identification of viable industrial
activities. In the abse& of an institutional framework, an agency will be set up to
handle privatization and divestiture. Similady, as there is no institution that serves as a
one-stop source of information for prospechve investors, the state will locate the
activities in the relevant Ministry. The a W i will be professionalized and modeled
after the Nigerian Industrid Proynotion ouri id (NIPC) at the Federal level. As a
necessary complement to tI#p ggp                              .
                                                              - promotion and market
development u n l will beeg@u                                   &tryIAgency in the state,
having regard to the availabilm o                               ,caturnbite, rice, cassava,
                                    hs
etc in commercial quantities. T i unit is expected to facilitate the entrepreneurial
activities of SMEs, palticulady in the areas of manufacturing and agriculture. These
enterprises and industrial promotion activities will be posted onI!? i -
                                                                 ?!     n!       Ir? M Y ?@
                                                                                      &
expand the state's market frontier.
                              . .   .
                                                  *'
                                               .-,-m.

Policy Thrust                t -
The policy thrust of ~ o v e w r & f h e
private sedor growth and d v l pi %
                                 od
                              ee r
                                                    ~environment~ alleviation
                                        mthe state and pursuing povertysustainable &
                                                                   for

through pubtirivate sector parbershii.

Targets
          provision o necessary infrastructural facilities and a conducive emrircxunent
                      f
                                                 of
          that will facllRate the deveio~ment W ieast 1.000 new small and medium
          enterprises by 2041, & ' d % m n g existi& ones by Demnber 2008;
          to faalrtate thesWli&hf &&&&nm.300                    cottage enterpm and
          achleve a rate of 40% capacity utihtion by 2007;
          to ancrease the mpacity of t e state to acammodate more dlstnbulnre trade
                                          h
                                            f
          by conshang a mlnrmum o 30 sodem markets and r n o d e m g the
          existmg ones through Burid, Operate and Transfer ( 8 0 T ) by Oecamber2007;
          to create facilities, institutional framewd and enact appropriate IegislatioJl
          that will enhance fu-r      develppmdtnt of indwtrb by June 2008;
         to articulate and adopt a policy that will enable government to guarantee
         crediffloans for private investors by December 2005; and
         provision of a friendly environment that will increase the number of financial
         institutions by 10% by 2007.            A




Strategies:
         o     limiting the role of government to that of a facilitator of private sector
               development through the p r o u i h of en enabling environment over
               the plan period;
         o     investing                                     iafrastructural facilities in
                                                                   -.
         o     p r o m o t i n & d ~ n % l l enterprises in the state;
         o     accelerating the ~ r o v i i o n essential infrastructure to enhance the
                                              of
               competitiv&ess        the private sector; such infrastructure include
               roads, power supply, water supply and communications;
         o     promoting the development of industrial estates and industrialoarks for
               the srnalCscale industrialits;-
         o     ensunng posting on the websitlj invitation to Kwarans to contribute to
               the e m n o ~ ~ f i n tlto) sf:     tb
                                                 b a$
         o     establish        '                              between the state and the
               organized private sedor;
         o     implementing a comprehensive fiscal institutionaiized refon that is
               investment friendly;
         o     encouraging the private sector to invest in infrastructural development
               dunng the phn period (2005 2007); and   -
         o     promobng domestic industries &rough the patronage of their produds
               during the
                         ,
                        --
                             e@
                            q -
                           @- &    e
                                      ivarc s~u;fdd
                                       toamg ;i.,r*c        ,
                                                            .   2
                                                                -, 3
                             7.1
                                             .       .     --           a
                                      CHAPTER SIXTEEN

               SECURITY AND RULE OF LAWIPROPERTY RIGHTS ISSUES

Situation Analysis
Responsibility for security in Kwara State lies with the Nigeria Police Force, an entity
tha! is under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of Nigeria. The judicial sector of
Kwara State comprises the State Judiciary, the,Justice Ministry and the Prison Sewice.
The Judiciary is comprised of five different types of court, namely: the State High Court,
the Sharia Court of Appeal, ~agistrates'    Courts, District Courts and Area Courts. Over
the years, the security and judicial authorities have been plagued by a number of
operational handicaps that- have weakened their abilities to discharge their
resoonsibilities effectivehr. These handicaps included the following:
    ; inadequate cobrt facilities, including court rooms and vehicles;
           inadequate number of magistrates; ,
                                       -
           outdated Ilbranes; -eswq ,+Tr ?-&-, t, *,
           poor capacity-building programlnas;aah          - -
           low staff morale.

Steps have been taken to improve the performance of the Judiciary and the secunty
agencies in the state. These include the following:
          improvement in Judges' conditions q t w ~ i c e ;
          review of som,e.Q~;~Q&-s           ~ y l e t i ~ w , @dr   per
                                                                       i
                                                                    se e    and more efficiant
         delivery of  pnncejld;hie~ahl
          -plementiwihe-efforts t --
                                   &
                                                      ,yo, ,, ,'ti- .:
                                                      d

                                                                         by contributing to the
          maintenance of the prisons.

Policy Thrusk
          Q       to ensure that the Government secures all life, property and investment
                  in the state in order to lncrease me confidence of citizens, resdents
                  and investors; -- - -
                                           2  -           *-
           C
           J      t o e n y l r e @ a t & +8 I h rightso of alp err on sand en ti be sin the
                  state are A A % ~ ~ - i t i o n s : a n d
           Q      to ensure &at properly rights are well-defined under all commercial
                  tmnsactionsandthattheruleofbwiSupheklatall~~

Targets
                  to condud a s k d b g asswsment for the J u d i w and Jwtrce
          o
                  Mlntstry in 2005,d,   .&$ * . .
                                           .
                                          - -           .
           o      to e&re that all court houses m the state are equipped mth the basic
                  faclfrties reauaedf6r w    .      t          -.
                                                           w 2007: and
                  to suppart' the N~geliaPoke Force in i(w& State, the State
           o
                  Government woukl collaborate wrth the Force to put in plaQ an
                  effeche m e s and off-        repbng system to collate m f o m a t m
                  and data on repoited m e s in the state- This wiU be scoampltshed by
                  2006.                      &*




                        .         -        3
                              ,a w .P..A.w&c. slian
                               .t                      6       .    .
                             ,
                             .
                             .
                             c   4L.&iP;**4.jp.arkk iC . r          .
Strategies
         o   a programme of wntrnuous training and capacity bu~ld~ng staff of
                                                                  for
             the Judiciary, the Justice Ministry and the security agencies will be
             developed and implemented;
         o   all wurt houses in the stak, will be equipped with the requ~red
             equipment and infrastructure to enable them perform their functions
             effectively;
         o   in order to improve the judicial system in the state, the Government will
             ensure the implementation of the report of the Committee on Reform of
             the Justice Sector;
         o   relations and collaboration between the State Government and the
             Police Force will be strengthen@ to foster a more secure environment
             in the state an#:        s c3 v.3!i s   .--4
         o   governme4 $11 .a e..k <
                                t- -                  .
                                                steps t&;-ards - the establishment of
             customarycourts.
                                 CHAPTER SEVENTEEN

                              SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
                                        .
                                        .

WATER AND SANITATION

Situation Analysis
Recent surveys reveal that the state of water supply in Kwara State is less than
desirable. Access to potable water is estimated at 58% in urban and only 12% in rural
areas. A sign~ficqnt                                                    uired to meet
the millennium devel

A water inventory taken by the present Administration upon its inception in May 2003
showed that of a total number of 67 water works for producing treated water from
surface streams, about 75% were totally broken down, while the remainder were
functioning below installed capacities. Regarding underground water supply, about 980
hand-pump equipped boreholes wera recordWand about 300 motorized boreholes
were on ground. Howev                                        llations is less than 10%.
The neglect of the other                                   ment in the state such as
hydrology, irrigation, er&                                , dj3tes and other forms of
development has further compounded the situation.

A major ~mpedlng    factor identitied in the management of the sector and in addresslng its
problems is the current structure of the water administration department Out of a total
of five units expected to be funqtionlng simultineously in the State Water Minisby, only
                               - -
                              .- . .-*a .-
one is currently funcbonal. Other unitssect?as~~osb~and -cpntrol, irrigation and
                                                                    flood
drainage, hydrology, dams                      b a i w d k d ~ r o g r a m n r e am not currentiy
                                                                                 s
fundanal. M d i i l c h dfaces am~ foilom                ~       as ~
           a rapidly g m n g population and the a m p m y i n g increases in the
           domestic, wmmerdal and industrialrequ~remenb treated water;
                                                                   for
           poor plannlng partially ansing from fau@ or incorrect stabstid data;
           lack of proper mrdmnation and rnon$yng among the drfferent departments;
           insufliaent fundl
                        $uX
           absence of . . l
                                               ,
                                              - %
                                               0
                                             @&&      -v
                                                             <


                                                                         o water installations in
                                                                         f
           I dweas;
            u             -,       -
                                 ,, *                *- -T .-
                                                         t       d




                                                                      -
           lack of adequate rnanpower for the Water Ministry;
           emergence of new settlementwithout planning and officral a p p r d ;
           the~bonofpoUlewaterasapuMicgowltobepro~freefVbythe
           state rather than an economic good susceptMe t the a d u s o n prinqle; and
                                                                 o
           in order to address some o U @ @ i e m s ,
                                           f                          present Govemmwt has
           anbarked w ~ ~ . S 1 F ~ ~iRltratnes $          i Z I                   hnprove the
           performance, of t
                            -
                             b
                             -*A
                                         7   -
                                         -- s, 2.        ZY- y
                                                                 --
Policy Thrust
KWSEEDS seeks to formulate a comprehensive water management policy for the state.
The policy will include a framework for upgrading and managing the different
components of the state's water sector.

Target
             to increase the access of the state's population to potable water to 80%
             by 2007.

Strategies
      -
             implement a comprehensive borehole, water equipment and water works
                                              -
             rehabilitation and expansion proaramme to cover the entire state;
                                             .
                                     t
             identify and r e c ~ inneeded  human resources for the State's water Ministry
             and its agencies a d abo procure equipment requ~red enable them to
                                                                       to
             function e f f w e l y ; , * c -+- . - C
                                      -          c    -
                                                          L




             develop the__~a~laa&       a
                                        &
                                        -                     the private sector for the
             construction and rehabilitation of dams:
             establishment of water management information system;
             mobilizationof communities for self-help projects in the sub-sector;
                                                                      . -
             trainina of communitv-based maintenance workers for proieds that can be
             main&ed through &-help initiatives;
             periodic r e v i ~                             on lltre basis is imperative to
             enhance
             development of spatiel -     o
                                          t                   essist in water distribuuon
             proiects;
             establish an approval process for private and official water schemes in a    U
             Darts of the state:
             integrate a san&tion improvement programme and an environmental
             management plan with the state'sAw,atersupply programme; and
                                      f
             focus t h s m p o the Water ~orporatian u& water supply while
                                                             on
                                                               ~ ~ for the ~
             enlishng ~ u p p o t t q f & y ~ ~ donorsq s . development
             of rural waterwpptyr3Mm 3W!W mum stnrchrral and operational
             duplrmbons and wastage.
                                   CHAPTER EIGHTEEN

                               FINANCING INITIATIVES

Situation Analysis
The state of the finances of the State Government has been a source of worry. The
State relies heavily on revenue from the Federation Account. In view of its meager
financ~al                                                             management.
         resources, the Govemment places premium on efficient financ~al
The revenue generating capacity and financing the growth of the private sector are
issues that now pose a challenge to the government.
                           *
                           :                               ,naM
                                     -
                                    &-.%



Policy Thrust:          *.
The main thrust of ~overmhent
                                   .-**,
                              in;thisgi&o~
                                           b r . - -&
                                               s
                                                           -
                                              1 t~ I& the proportion of Internally
                                                              n e
Generated Revenue in total r e v e n ~ e ~ m i d e ~ e n d e oncfunds from the
Federation Account.

Target:
                                               .
Increase the share in total revenue accounted for by IGR to at least 25% by 2007.
                                     .
                                     .                         I&
      -
Strategies:                        .-                               -   -

         State's
                                                                            -
                                                             efforJs so as to reduce the
                                                             during the plan period;
         complete the computerization of financial management in the state by end of
         2005;
         wldenrng the tax base to include all taxable individual and enterprises in the
         state over the plan period;
         attract higher rate of florv of foretgn investment Into the S a e and
                                                                      tt;
         observancepl dltfti-$&y@j@                  a )qpa*    and in procurement dunng
         theplanperiod?,       ~           4       -   7       -                .
                                 CHAPTER NINETEEN

                   SECTORAL STRATEGIESIGROWTHDRIVERS:

KWSEEDS will articulate sectoral objectives based on the priorities of the state. The
achievement of the objectives requires the total commitment of all stakeholders. In
particular, it requires a cohesive and strong partnership between the private sector and
the public sector.

In essence, in order to                                       rnic development, the state
will need to strengthen-                                       aRd cbmplement this with a
vibrant and productive human capital base. The role of the government will be to
provide the appropriate social structure for growth through quality education, health care
and social infrastructure. The government will ensure security of lives, investments as
well as respect for the rule of law so as to bolster investor confidence. In addition, the
government will provide financial and other incerjwes to attract investment to the state.
KWSEEDS seeks to reduce the 'codt df doing business in the state through a more
                                                                rent-seeking a& corrupt
                    -- .*-
efficient and dedicated civil
practices.
                                                                .--. .-


The private sector is expected to respond positively to the more favourable business
climate in the state and generate capital from appropriate sources to invest in domestic
industry, with the expectation of reduced business and transactions costs from a more
business-friendly environmant In addition, the implementation of progrowth macro-
economic policies should stimulate domestic demand and create a larger domestic
market forvprivate busines&3?"                                -
                                                             expected to &ntribute its
share to the enrichmen€X"W'                                   sfaie through appropriate
                                                                               .. .
capacity-buikling and cornpetencedevelopmentprogrammes for their st*.

The main objectives of the foregoing strategies are tiius:

          o      redefmina the role of aovernment as a facilitator and rmmoter of
                 economic d e v e l o p m e ~ r ~ n g growth in the tokl economy
                                                       that
                                                   a
                 WG.W r e q u b e w M M i i d " b r v ~ r i sk                  areas to
                 promote sdecilic-kctZ-aie                 -
          o      &miidating and sbmghning the enabling environment for a
                 competitive private sedor, these will indude reforming the civil service
                 tomakeitmareresponsivetohneedsandderr~ofthepuMic,
                 revamping and privatiring government-owned entwprises. improving
                 securdy and the rule o .law and investing heavily in physjcal
                                           f
                 infrastmchrre: .&:..%A. . . & . . c m . .
                                            A&                 - .
                                                                 . .'
          o      providins &C; o
                            * n fl&
                               mi                 in.h cnoenhives to grow the
                                                           fh
                 private diGiin%%'&%%&ii&e                     effective coordination o f
                 strategies b avoid the creation o c w R i and distortions in the reform
                                                 f
                 prograrr~~ne, easy and affonbble acoess to fmance, pmmoting the
                 development of industrial and technological clusters in the State and
                    adopting a selective programme for the development of specific
                    economic sectors where the state possesses an identified competitive
                    advantage and where there are identified market opportunities;
            o       creating public-private partnerships (PPPs) for the generation of new
                    ideas for improved economic performance, increased private sector
                    interest in the state and to jumpstart the creation of a continuous
                    platform for interaction between interested parties;
            o       privatization of all govemmentowned companies; and
            o       facilitating the setting up of private companies in targeted sectors of
                    the economy: agriculture, manufacturing, solid minerals and
                    telecommunications by:
            inviting reputable businessmen, women and companies to set up shop in
            Kwara State;
            giving specific and required incsntivq.b attract them;
            giving tax and o d r cost n -iw         :f: .. .. . b. -
                                                            .
            facilitinglnegoti~ting& s to bank finance; and
                                      -
                                     a&
            faciliating/providing land when necessary.

A.    AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY
                                               J
                                               '
                                            'L t
Situation Analysis
Kwara is the llm                                           cyWable area of 75.3% of
total land area or                                                  dimate and good
soil that support                                            and resources for inland
fisheries. The state has cornparabve advantage in the production of food and cash
crops such as maize, cassava, yam, sorghum, rice, guineacorn, cowpea, vegetables.
cashew, cocoa, coffee, sugarcane, kenaf, palm oil and cotton.

Although agriculture ha                   as g source of wealth creation, the income
and livelihood of the                       d-iri"hgi.lwltureis iow. At present, the
area under cultivation is                   @-&ilttt        an average farm size of
less than 1 hectare (                       hectares (Kwara North). agriculture is
dominated by subsistence farming (80%) and there is a gradual migration o the   f
                          ~
populahn. especially t h young, out of agriculture. Average crop yletds are l w as
                                                                                o
seen in the table below.

Table 1 :
       1       Average Crop Yields
                      --..a;curt~!&.n.a~-s~m,t:                      :




                                 --   -.
                                               -
                                           -pT-Tp----?G-
                                                   ?"
                                                           -7    -
There is significant potential to improve agriculture so as to increase food security and
incomes through the production of food, cash crops and livestock. At the same time, the
low levels of prevailing productivity for almost all major crops presents, a major obstacle
to improving food security.

Commercial farming practices have been almost nonexistent at present with more than
80% of agricultural production being generated by subsistence farmers. As a
consequence, there have Jeen no spin-offs from modem farming techniques into the
subsistence sector and the overall lack of conynercial farming and consequent non-
commercialization of the&ct&as-h&l           ct'ne&itbie+impact on agric-allied achvities,
resulting in insufficient crop volumes with which to supply the agrioprocessing
enterprises. This lack of a value-added 'Chain lii 'the agricultural sector in Kwara has
meant that there are insufficient incentives for subsistence farmers io expand cultivation
and ~nvest improvements.
           in

In the face of these challenges, the State Government has initiated a number of
schemes to increase the extent of land under cultivation and overall production. One
such initiative is the Kwa* Ag~wl&uikl      ~ev&pment:~roject (ADP) under which
214,153 small-scale farme6 &:siippbrt&: ,'Here;'the&        has been a major thrust in
cassava production based on Kwara's - a%
                                       p*            advantage with new varieties of high
yielding maize, soyabean, cowpea and upland rice. The Government has introduced a
'Back to the Land' scheme where farmers are k i n g helped to bring new land under
cultivation through a package of support comprising land preparation and supply of
                                                                      tt
inputs. This scheme is now in the process 6f modification with the S a e Government
helping to facilitate access to productive creditfor land preparation and input supply
rather than through direct state pi-       desigiied to &murage .. g-eater sustainability
and to reduoe direct state i M z C S +'.If? W - :: . %    !
                   . ..   --.   _--- dL_d-hrrir+--
                                                   :1
                                                   . '
                                                          .   -.
The State Government is actively supporting the development of commercial agriculture
through a scheme designed to encourage inward investment in farming supported
through substantial commercial bank loans (with State Government guarantee) and the
harnessing of expertise and talent from Southem Africa. This scheme wil i n i i help
to bring an additional 20,000 heckyes undei ailtivation and will gemrate substantial
marketable surplus in food and.~&sh    ci6ps-th+viU emylrrge the development and
expansion of ioml agri -hd:.                'riwltLval ex@wb. At the same t m ,the
                                                                            ie
                          "Q
scheme will provide for a 'ex&%&
                           %          -+2by       desigldd t o - w e r immwge Md
techntquw into the small-scak subsistence farming sector.

The Government is engaged in help~ng provrde a more supportrve ennro~nent
                                      to                                       for
farming through cmproved bankrng and credit serv~cesfr small hotderr mth more
                                                         o
affordabk rates of interest to enwurage investment in agnwtture, iiveshxk and
fisnenes production. The ~ovemment-ib   atso addressl the problem of post harvest
                                                 -
loses and dorage kcibtdZ%a o u l p u - a@ aims% npmrS f a d k for pr*,
                                           t
storage as well as the development 4i m t o d t re&& centres (cattYe. sheep. wst
and poultry). fodder productton and m g Fingeriings for small Menes prodwbcan.
Policy Thrust:
                                             -   -
Develop agricultural production potentials and expand the agricultural capacity of the
state.

Targets
          0     achieve 10% increase in area under cultrvation by 2007;
          0     increase average grain yields from 0.99 Mt. per hectare to 2.5 Mt. per
                hectare by 2007;
                increase average tuber prgduction from 12 Mt. per ha. to 18 Mt. per ha.
                by 2007.
                increase poultry production from 1.7 million to 2 million chicks by
                December 2006;
                increase fish production to 1,740 Mt. by 2007.
                facilitate private investment in commercial farming during the plan
                period; and       +            *ZL


                                                             -
                actualize 2,000 ha. area under cultivation for farming by 2007.
                           -      - .-               -
Strategies:
          0     promotion of private commercial farming activity on a minimum of
                15,000 ha. with potential to expand to 220,000 ha. over 5 years to
                develop maize, rice and dairy produdion.
                expansion of channels of fotnlal sector credii for the farm sector in
                Kwara throu hW           i of-phhte debt and equity finance (target of
                     2hillio$2iyiiti - a               i@ from State Government
                cornprisir@j-up-WW. .                  andnd$3.75 million as a State
                guarantee for viable farm projects;
                creation of new environment for technology and knowledge transfer




                                                                              -
                from large scab to small scale fanners through partnership
                arrangements and expansion of existing extension services supported
                by additioyl extension agents (50 agents) and provision of trmdy
                inputs; . ' . . . . -
                supporting,'-*-~-~.I&,.&t            &,jj-   tb p&                  to
                farmers fo hvest in i r n p = m p a o r i and input supply;
                establishment of fam gate agro-pmxssing in identilied cash aop
                areas;
                expansion of mral roads to i q m v e m l fanners" access to markets
                                                          al
                to facilitate sales and value added activrty through agrbpmaz&ng;
                promotion of &riqltud Insurance Scheme and provkion crop
                purchase facilitjtii .for &ce stgbiiiitlpl along with improved storage
                fa-.         t : .;L;;n'l <o,&X ;3f .   ' ,x
                creation'-a                 .m-f-.&-..m-f-     agriarltud planning and
                research;
                improving effrcjency of AW through r r m hmeiy funding and more
                effedtve w i o e provision; and
            o     provision of storage facilities in each of the 3 senatorial districts in
                  order to minimize post harvest losses.

B.    INDUSTRY AND SME DEVELOPMENT

Situation Analysis
At present, the industrial sector in Kwara is extremely small and under-developed with a
total of around 18 small and medium enterprises (SMEs) operational in the State. Of
these, twelve are privately owned medium enterprises engaged in activities such as
soap and detergents, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, brewing, bottling, biscuit
manufacture, tobacco. and foam production.

                                                      in
Six publicly owned SMEs -have+beenvperatio~l -furniture manufacturing, paper,
textiles, sugar and rice milling:,with8 furth$r .fir@ planried but not operational in fuel
refining and mineral development-Almm~iNbTX"on3 the six operational units have
                                                         of
failed and are now moribund with the government actively engaged in privatizing these
productive assets as part of a process of industrial revival and expansion in the state.
Table 12 below shows these companies.

Table 12:       Status of Some G - v e m m e n t Companies
                                 o               ~
                                A




Manufacturing Limited




The State Government has, in the past, pr~rngIt$ the deveiopment of indushial lay&
and f a w l m through the Kwara Investment Company (KINCO). This agency has now
been restructured ~nto  the                       Pme& Devebqment Coporatton
Lun~ted (KIPDL)and ha                                           - -
                                                   rob of manaaina all m b k houslna
estales.. KIPDL has also          C        O a f;el station as a profita& venture 4
                                                      ~
behalf of the Government

Overall. the SMEs m Kwara ISsrnafl and the level of capacrty ubbzam and employment
generatron assomated with the sector is low. There are a nwnber of oontributw Ed
                                                                               am
to $hepoor development of the s a l and medium dustrial sector through& Kwara
                                ml
~ncludmg: relatively small sue of the kd.matke4 inadequate lev& af m b d
rnfrastwcture witk ~nsuffsmentard w&abb dm supply, poor Rtrel road
connectivity, and inadequate water supply; low availabilit;. 3f aihidable capital for
poiential entrepreneurs; inadequate linkage b.etween local research and technology
institutions and local entrepbneurs; inadequate promotion of the comparative
advantage of Kwara as a location for industrial and commercial investment on account
of its poiition as a potential economic bridge between the northern and southern Siates,
                                                                              - -
availabilitv of areen field location options free of the conaestion surrounding Laaos; and
good transPo; links south to lbadan and Lagos and no& to Abuja.

     -
Policy Thrusts:
           o                                                     a facilitator and promoter of
                  publicly owned~lndust*lxsst9:
                                                             - -.
                                                         . . . -    . .
                                                                           ..
                                                                           ~
                                                                              ''the privatization of

           o      consolidate and strengthen an enabling environment for a competitive
                  private sector through the provision of a stable economic policy
                  regime; provision of critical economic infrastructure and associated
                  inputs and carefully targeted incentives package;
           o      promote private sector and foreipn inward investment in the SME sub-
                  sector through *:proactive              paign t o market local comparative and
                  c o m p e ~ $ f j ia@', @ , ~& 3.             --
                                                          _"c*:4.*         :. ,..
           o                                                             ~e'&
                  s u p p o r t - ~ 1 ~ 1 1 ~ . ' . ~ i ~ l d t 4 1 & 1 $programmes designed to
                                                                    '


                  strengthen the capacity of local labour market and encourage industrial
                  linkages with higher education institutions.

Targets:
           o      achieve 20% annual average growth in SME sub-sector by 2007;
           o      increase in employmeilt gneiation q a a l y in SME sub-sedor by
                  70% f! 2mj@m&~t t ""a, * ??or.*. - ..
                        ),
           o                          6
                  privatise ~"minbniiiii f ? ~ o & z r & i i p in SME s e d o r by 2007.

Strategies
           o      develop and implement privatization plan for target SMEs in furniture
                  manufacturing, paper production and textiles production;
           o      strengthen!$ legal and instWonal fram&rk for SME sub-sector,
                  in&dirm supwit foiQh;6.~&&1 af adeauate micro-finance for small
                  in"&
                  stre*thsmg
                            d n d h ' i o n ' d tinformal s& . - enterprise;
                                  h-m'iir'                 e
           o                                                            for SME production.
                  including, air trampomon fadlities, improvement of pc#m supply
                  (capacity, s W i i and quality), land provision and site and senrices
                  development
           0      faditate inward investment and employment generation in target SME
                  sub-sector to indude at least OMnew manufacturingactivity with good
                  b-          .and;' f&&        :&
                                               ,-       ,   . .
                                                                    -+        and &      j
                  mamifacture; h - - ~ - g - & - ~
                            iMT-%7.:L-:.-
                                                                   mw in target
                  sub-s&ar to in&& at least lwo traditional manufacturing acbvitks
                with good backward and fotward linkages in flour milling and f ,ru;     ::
                manufacture;
          o     facilitate establishment of new agric-processing activities to support the
                introduction of commercial farming in dairy production with export
                potential;
          o     establish SME promotion bureaulunit with international outreach along
                with a well-articulated promotion campaign, li'erature and incentives
                package clearly indicating the comparative advantages of Kwara; and
          o     strengthening of vocational training and skills development facilities in
                Kwara tailored to the specific needs of existing and new industries as
                well as the development of skills to take advantage of ancillary sectors
                linked to new investment


C.  ECONOMiC INFRASTRUCTURE, -.. . .
                       . . ,          .-

ROADS
            ..  . -- .--     -Fft.-
                               '   -.  .
                                                       l
                                                    -+-- . .




Situation Analysis
The total length of paved roads in Kwara State is about 3,065.4 kilornetres.
Ap~~dx~mately of this total is constructed by State Government while the remalnlng
               62%
38% is constructed by Federal Government The State Government has a programme
for the construction of fifty-nine additional mads with a total length of 585 kilometres
                        --,..--
across the State between 2 & 7 4 ' a ~ k E O 9 t ~ f _ o f
                  . .-                                            N76illion.

The biggest chalienge that the State Government faces is the insufficiency of financing
for the simultaneous construction of these new roads and the maintenance existing
paved roads. Over the years, both the Federal and Statemaintained roads have
suffered significant neglect. Currently, s ~ local government headquarters such as
                                                   e
Baruten and Kaiama cannot be _ r e a m directly from the state capital due to the
deplorable condition of t h e ~ -.. & . .d h s to these. roads can only be gained through
                                & , .                     .
                                                        ., , .
neighbouring states.     --      ----  --                - A     .




The State Ministry o Works faces a number of challenges in discharging its road
                     f
promion obligations. They indude the following:
         unavailability of road maps. accurate data and mmds on the kmqmt


                                                .*
         sector; and
                                          l 6
                                           a
         purchase and maintenance of p n and equrpment, rvorkshW bofs and
         equipment thus ~        ~   w c
                                    i ,.
                                            ,
                                            r
                                                oytt
                                                     l
                                                    k,
                                                         rs(ad
                                                          b
                                                       rebbIbtationeffectively;
Policy Thrusts
   *     to stimuiate faster eoonomic growth by providing good transportarion links
         between the urban and wral areas o the state; and
                                          f
         to improve the road network in mder to enharoe the socio-eoonornic
         development of Kwara Stale.
                                             39
Targets
          to complete the rehabilitation of all street lights and the construction and
                        f
          installation o new street lights in llorin and other towns and cities by 2006;
          to ensure that a minimum of 80% of all existing roads in the State are tarred
          by 2007; and
          to construct new feeder roads to link at least 40% of all unlinked urban areas
          by 2007.
Strategies
         development of a comprehensive plan for the repair and or construction of
         roads in the State. TheupIan will i n d a b specific roles and responsibilities for
         the different agenges with stakes& r p d construction and maintenance;
         provision of requred ~ r k r ~ 0 o I ~ n d n d n d e q u . iformthe t
                                                                         p e n State Road
         Maintenance Agency;
         recruitment of qualified and competent personnel for the road maintenance
         agency and the State Ministry of Works; and
         effectively liaising with the Federal Government, in particular the Federal
                       f
         Ministries o Works and Transpph for the maintenance of Federal
         Government.roads andpe,=trufb%
                            ..in a,a
                                                    o.,. ne\xroads . in strategic locations.
                                                     f: .,    ~,
                                                                      .

                                                                   6
D.     RURAL ELECTRIEICATIOM- .emi%-                         -c        -
Situation Analysis
It is estimated that less than fifty percent of Nigerian households currently have access
to electricity from the National Grid, majority o whom are in urban centres. Rural areas
                                                   f
are massively u n d e r - ~ e ~ e d . Electricity g q n p t i o n . transmission and diibibution
through the National Grid is the mon ly o the F      f         -         Government, through the
National Eiecbic Poqer Auih&#E%).:                   d .bason. KIM State does not
diredly generate any electric& < .lh&4iothkansnwsbn Station has a n installed
capacity of 105MVA but the station's actual generating capacity is 90MVA. which is
inadequate to meet the current demand of 150MVA However, this daily SOMVA supply
injection is inconsistent and is sdely targeted to urban households and b u s i m s e s .
Therefore, the State Government focuses its attention on the provision of electricity to
rural communities in the state.
                                                       :r.
The pnmary objectrvepf K q St* Rural EbMcation Board is to expand access as
raoidhr as - D        and -
                          6                      manner toall n d cxnnmunities in the s a e tt.
TABS Apt& a bblend of both grid and offgrid appmcks, with subsides bang primarily
targeted on fauldtating mrreased aooess to the nrral areas rather than concentrahng on
c o w n p b o n m the urban centres alone. Whb the number o ownmunibes wdh aocess
                                                                        f
to eiectncrty grew from 41 in IS86 b about 147 in 1907, an m t e d 250 oommunibe§
rernatn without elechclty.
                                  -        -   +     B
Policy Thrusts                ... -.   #   'cL?~
                                               +    L-,      -.
              )i     toprovdeabequateanduel'ialde~&supporttheeoonondc
                                            f
                     and social devekrpment o the state, especrally the dareas; and
                      to attract private investment into the electricity sector through the
                      construction of lndependent Power Plants (IPPs);

Targets
          to provide electricity to a minimum of 70% of rural communities without
          electricity in the state by 2007; arid
          to ensure that the National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) optimues the
          120MVA generating and transmitting capacity in the state by 2007.

Strategies
          o - '.   rehabll
                                                           &      .
                                                                 ?.
                                                               F& located at the Saw-Mill
                   area to accelerate optimum output of 12OKVA by the year 2005 and
                   150MVA by the year2007. sustained pressure will be mounted on the
                                                                       hi
                   Federal Government to facilitate the realization of tsobjective;
          o        collaboration between the Federal and State ~ovemments create to

                   These are.

                                                                       tiers of government
                   to accomplish the objec&ive of providing electricity to at least 70% of
                   mmunities that are currently without access;
          o        upgrading the human and inhastructural capacity of the State Rural
                   Electrification Board to make it more responsive and efficient in
                   discharging its responsibili;'and
          o        fostering collaboration with the private sector to consbud an
                   Independent Power.P-tab.
                   .       --c +++.
                          ~.                               .   --   -.
E.     ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Situation Analysis
In order to strenghten the productive base and to achieve economic growth in Kwara
State, a critical mass cf micro-entrepreneurs needs to emerge. The poverty in many
households is the direct result of under-employment of one or more adult members,
usually females. The inability of women to increase their productivity because of limited
opportunities, lack of skills and production factors is one of the salient causes of poverly
in Nigeria. Therefore, the Kwara development strategy will put in place instruments for
enhancing women's economic empowerment and economic status of families and
households.

In Kwara, where approximately two-thirds of the state's population reside in rural
communities, the role of women as drivers of economic advancement is especially
crucial. The majority of Kwarans earn their economic livelihoods from agriculture and
agro-alli activities. The Kwara developmentstrategy will target the development of
capacity for increasing productivity from current activities and to enable citizens tap into
areas of wealth creation along already existing chains of value and wealth creation.

Policy Thrusts
         o     to reduce poverty and increase levels of economic e m p m e n t
               among men and womenthrough the creation of a critical mass of micro
               and shall entrepreneud in1Kv&a Stgte; ti
         o     to enaender swtainabgvireafth'aeationbv faariina the availabili of
               prodGction factors required for buiking bushesses in hral
               communities and especially among women; and
         o     to help micro and small business managers to develop the dierent
               capacrties and access relevant information for growing h i r
               businesses.                 , .
                             .   -.   >   14,

          o      to develw an entrepreneurs@p development plan for each local
                 aovemment area d W -   W:               and
          o      to ensure increase of a minim& o 100 mkwenterprises in each local
                                                 f
                 government area annually from 2006 to 2007
REFORidllNG GOVERNMENT AND ITS INSTITUTIONS
                                       CHAPTER WIENlY
                                                  .    -

           RATIONALE FOR REFORM OF GOVERNMENT AND GOVERNANCE

Situation Analysis
During the long period of military dictatorship in Nigeria, there was lack of accountability
and transparency in the conduct of governmental affairs. The Nigerian State was
drifting and it was evident that the political and socio-economic landscape was at the
point of total collapse. In addition to the inherent fundamental structural defects; and
the country was burdened by mismanagement and a near-total collapse of infrastructure
and services.

The above scenario pewaded Kwara State and made implementation of good
programmes and policies a mirage. The deteriorating situation was halted by the
advent of civil rule in 1999 and this development gave the new governments at Federal
                                                    r r ms
and State levels the opportonty @ ink u@ man e to reform government and
governance.
                             -
                              .  ..
                                 % .,t,fii=
                                        --
                                                  P
                                                  - -- 8
                                            L+, d c .
                                                   -    .;,           .     -.
Policy Thrust
      8     KWSEEDS seeks to underpinthe mmitrnent of the state to the reform of
            Government and governance.

Targets                                                        . -.
       8    to ensure strid adherence                                            nsparency, accountability
            and rule of law                                                      asfrom2005;
       8    to ensure imp                                       alleviation programmes
            dunng the plan period (2005 - 2007);
       a    divesting from ineffimn! goveriunent-owd Parastatais and cornpanes
            dunng the plan period; and
       a
                                                                 .t ' ;
            slrengthening all democratic mnsMu6ons in the state during the plan period.
                                      f 1
                                              C.
                                             rl   3(       ,
Sbategies
        ensunng sbid -adadherencet
                                &&*
                                 !.o                                  of -cy,          accountability and

   .        ensunng &tation            of sustainaMe poverty &viation programmes;
            privakation of inefficient Gomwmnt+wmd enterprises; and
                                           . .
   •        empowenns democratic irsthkm in the state              sbengthen their selvice
            delivery capacrty.
                                CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE

                               PUBLIC SECTOR REFORMS

Situation Analysis
There have been a number of attempts to reform the public service in Nigeria over the
years to shift government away from direct involvement in economic aciiviues. This
informed the Civil Service Reforms of 1988 and subsequent revisions in 1996. In spite
of this, there remains ample scope for further reforms in the Civil Service of Kwara to
bring about more responsive, effective and accountable government.

The public service in Kwara comprises 12,288 staff in 16 Ministries, 5 Commissions and
several Boards. Of the total wqdc-force,. 8,817 m catcylorized as senior staff (61.7%
male and 38.3% female). Professiqnal staff a w u n t for another 7,789 (62.5% male and
37.5% female). Over 47% of the total work-fortkoses NCE Certificate or above. At
present, there is no systematic staffing database on staff and this has impeded staff
planning and management This will need to be addressed as a prionty in the
MEEDS.

There are numerous problems within the public service related to management,
procedures, performance.inpentives and dijigence, The civil senrice can be
charactenzed -astypically hiirarqhlcal h e @ se&iormanagement performs most of the
administrative functions withlittk ~ ~ b o r d i n a t e      staff.

There has been an overall decline in the competence of many civil servants as a result
of lack of regular training and near absence of career planning and development The
poor salary shvcture and condins of sewice have led to a decline in morale and
motivation amongst many civil servants.       .-.
                                                  a
                           4     -**,   a
                                                          - .
There has also been a serious ievel Uf inframuctu d a m e in the civil senrice with a
                                            -
lack of ca~ital
                                            . ?


                investment in n n a f k i l - L       . .                        .    .
                                                               as well as a lack of omoa
recurrent 'investment in routine maintenance. T i has resulted in a serious
                                                          hs
deterioration of the work place for many staff and lack of access to basic equipment.
transport and other facilities essential for undertaking routine duties.

There is a Staff Development Cdiege estabkhed by the government for trawng and
retralnlng ~ntennedlateievel staff as hell as a Federal Training Cenm to m p M
the Staff Development WE@!' d c e 61mreer plannihg and devebpmmt and
                                 The
the dedrne in the level of &aming'forlMW&f% mWdred by a dedm in the qua@
and academic reputatcon of the Staff Development College. The Staff Development
College (SDC) has suffered a dedrne in mvesbnent w h h has in twn led t poar
                                                                           o
teaching and learntng. poor mnsbucbonai faabbes. and suhptmd adrmsstons.
Graduates of the SDC do not appear to banefit h m lmmmg in any tangbk manner and
                                                 a
a e therefwe unabk to advance their carears.
 r
At the same time, the effective functioning of the civil service is under threat from poor
recrditmen! policy and procedures. unless capable staff are recruited into the
intermediate tier. there will be a serious vacuum created when senior officers retire from
service over thenext few yean. At present, there is just about 40% female participation
in the work-force of the state civil service. Recruitment and career development plans
will ensure improvement of this ratio during the plan period.

Other factors that are significant are: the need to maintain a strict policy of diversity and
equity in recruitment and promotions in order to maintain a satisfactory gender balance
at all levels of the civil sqryiq; the. o@ed10 .devise mechanisms (financial or non-
                                                                        o f g to t -
financial) to improve staff i i i b l P i ~ i m o ~ a ~ ~ f i : . ~ - ~ need e ncany out mass
education and awareness creation on HIVIAIDS amongst work force and to underscore
the impcrtance of attitudinal change management, including behavioural changes
required to increase efficiency and staff health.

Policy Thrusts
          o      to promote an efficient sector that is highly focused, professional and
                 committed to progress by reducing corruption and waste, increasing
                 efficiency and improvthg accougtabili;          T.

          o      to strengthen the -role"andYndependence of the Judiuary and the
                 Legislature;
          o      to formulate a public service policy that will provide a sound framework
                 to achieve optimal and balanced staffing levels across the range of
                 core functions;
          o      to rationalize and restructure the public sewce through the introduction
                 of staff planning system and staffing norms, and right-sizing actions;
                       .     r.   " '
                                   "    "1'   I 7   -
                                                    "" .         1"

          o                                                  e
                 to enhance.the. e x e c d k ~ a l ' S t a t Ptanning Commission and
                 the Budget Oflice.
Targets
          o      to articulate puU service p o l i to guide staff rationalition,

          o
                 perfomnce improvement and              career
                                                    d e v b n t by 2005:
                 to complete comprehensive staff WIVW and s&fF plan by 2 W


          o                     f
                 rede&y 20% o staff N h the p u b k servioe to achieve optimal
                 staffinglevekparbarhrtyinedumtronandheanbsedors;
          o      establshment of fuUy cpxabonal computerized human reswne
                 database 2008;
          o      acbreve a 20% mmase in the ratio of disposal of owfi cases;
          Q      suengthen the capadty by 2065 of the Ofke of Head of S e ~ c eto
                                                                 -
                 rrnplement, monitor and evaluate ail staff related s e ~ c e si
                 KWSEEDS; and-'e              -Wp9--
                                                                                n
             strengthen the capacity of State Planning Commission and the Budget
             Office by 2005 to monitor and evaluate the implementation of
             KWSEEDS.

Strateaies
             formulation of public service reform policy based on principles of good
             governance to address career planning, civil service staffing,
             recruitment, career development and training (including linkage
             between training and career progression) and rewards and incentives;
             implementation of a comprehensive staffing survey to determine
             staffing position and formulate staffing plan based on new staff ratios
             to guide right sizing actions;
             implementation of incremental actions to assist in achieving an overall
             reduction of a minimum 10%in staffing numbers based on staffing plan
             and staffing ratios;
             implementation of new ,witment plolicy in line with Federal
             Governmgrjt obj&&e&!hat.yjUela_to strengthen the qualty of new
             entrants, ensure gender balance and prevent nepotism and abuse;
             introductionof incremental staffing refieployrnent programme to ensure
             optimal allocation of sMf resources in line with identified ratios and
             norms identifying education and health services as priorities;
             establishment of c o m p u t e d . human resource database including
             pensions and payroll with regular updating of the data;
             introduction of staff 4 p W and,perfoFance management system
             to guide ~reer:&ev-                ..   intmduction of job enrichment
             strategii such as job mtation:
             strengthening staff training acbLities induding establishment of
             departmental training budgets and the development of speufic
             management training packages relevant to current departmental
             requirements and responsibility in areas such as planning and
             budgeting, procurement, perfotmance management, monitoring,
             evaluation and fingncial'inanagement; " '
             introductionof n e i m c p j i d m a n a g e m e n t &w&res and
             procedures in each Ministry indoding e s t a b l i i n t of MIS s y s m
             KWSEEDS monitoring units; monthly management meetings;
             procedures f r adherence to public senrice r u b ;
                           o
                                                                  o
             strengthening Sae Planning Commission t provide overall
                                tt
             management, monitoring and review of KWSEEDS process. t a w ,
             performance and remedial sb-ategieswhere n                and
             strengthening the dnm0n of the Jydicjaty
             upgrading of offioa
                                       ...
                                        ,
                                                          &
                                                          ?                   through
                                                            addressrng ananah in
             t w n g and m n d i t i o m a n d measums t hreaie            o
             effimency mul2 admini5tration.
                        of
                              CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO

                    PRlVATlSATlON OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISES

Situation Analysis
The State Government has a number of distressed public enterprises operating in the
various sectors. Most of the enterprises depend on Government subvention for survival
while others are moribund and have become candidates for privatization.

Policy Thrust
            9       Privatization of state-owned enterprises so as to ensure quality
                    management, profitability, aqd sustainability.
                                             .-            -
                                   --   --                     -   -
Target                            L

Government is determined to resbuctukand privatize the following public enterprises
between 2005 and 2006 in order to reduce the pressure on state resources due to
unproductive rnvestments. The enterprises are: Kwara State Paper Converters Llmited,
Kwara State Textile Industrial Lmrted, Kwara Furniture Manufacturing Llmited, Lafiagi
Sugar Company Limited and Pabgi Rice Mill.

Strategies                                      9
The pmrabzation program& will i&o& U k ! & r n e d         of diiestiture phn by 2005.
preparatory to full privatiza&n of the ide&    enterprises by 2006. To this effect, the
State Investment and Property Development Corporation will work in collaboratmn with
the Mnlstwes of Industry and Soli Minerals Development; Finance and Economic
Development; and the State Plann~ng      Commission to ensure bmely realmtion of this
goal.
                                                           7

          TRANSPARENCY, ACCOUNTAElILINAND ANTlCORRUPTlCEl

Situation Analysis
                         - .
                        . -   -   -               z   .-           -
                                                                   +
                                                                       -
There has been a bng tradibon in Nigeria dunng the military era of a lack of pobtimlwill
and proper enforcement of statutory laws and provisions on m p b o n and
mismanagement in the public sector- Opaqueness in public service management has
been an endemic feature of Government in Kwara and can be seen as a legacy from
long years of non-aocwntable m~litarygovernance w h i has propagated a tradhn of
closed government and resjshrm to divulgmng informa
sedor in general and pubfic f n ~ &n&.@j@&+"'
                                           - -               -
                                                                v'
                                                            on the state o the public
                                                               --
                                                                           f

Low levels o transparency i numerous lntemal operatons of Government Kwara, has
            f               n
created a past &mate of s u s p w and a negabve m       M an the part of many public
offawals. Pubk procurement processes have been weak and tenders board procedures
hare no! been sufficrently robust to ensure proiper acoounWity iesuhng in many
oontracts provjding channels fr
                              o          and rent seeking. There has been a tadc of
due augence ooncermng ail                             ldsactlo~.
Specific manifestations of the lack of transparency and accountability in public oftice in
Kwara State include:
          o      unregulated and fraudulent trade practices such as adulteration of
                 products and materials and manipulation of measurements and
                 standards on numerous public contracts;
          o      misappropriation and diversion of funds with instances of votes for
                 training being used as touring advances for officers;
          o      depositing of public monies in private accounts for varying periods to
                 accrue interest for certain ~arties:
          o      nurn                                       tion p ~ i to public officials to
                                                                         d
                 rend                                          tlirougfid;ut the Government
                 svstem:
          o      deliberate over-invoicing to inflate demands on Govemment and
                 provide returns to officials;
          o      false declarations to benefit individuals in Government sewices
                 including falsification of age to prolong employment; place of origin to
                 gain employment; assets or income to under declare tax liabilities;
                 personal status to a$ eys.s g allowances;
          o                                t
                                      - --,&
                 misappm&atidn &office e h ~ w r & e f t g d to domestic use and
                 tele~hones d f;ir uno
                             u                   Purposes; and
          o      wllkction of illegal tolls and -fees for admission to education
                 establishments and health facilities; document registration;      -
                 examination papers; on spot the, etc.

The overall lac& of transparency and aooountabilrty in all aspects of government along
wrth madequate attention to due dil~$enCe muI@ in significant abuses in public
                                                     $a
                                                 SaE
expenditure and public ~ m p r t j ' - i i i a ~ ~ e m e n t *a ?-
Policy Thrust
                     to institute and cultivate a culturn of integrity, accountability.
                     transparency and dlxlplrne in the public service in Kwara State.
                                                   .
Targets
          o                    mrvm l
                 To ensure i po p @       -in ~enri3-&veiqment in Kwam public
                 service &from2!?QSu*,            " -
                                                   .
                                                         7

                 Redocbon in audit queries arising fivm &pe&d fraud and m p t i o n
                 by 40%by 2005; 80% by 2008; and 100% by 2007; and
          0      Adopt new procurement p r a m and procedures by 2005.

Strategres
         o       estabWl effective enfomment and d m p h a r y meawres wdh new
                 statutory powers cov&nfl ail* aspe&s of corruption, fraud and
                 mab,racttcas in p u b U c r a ~ W n Q aTask Force to recover afl
                                                               w
                 pubtic p    r    o    ~    l   illegally;
                                        acquired~
          0      stcenglbenig Budget Momtcwmg and imglementatm Commfftee
                 (BMIC) in order to enhana? their effectweness.
o   implementation of new Procurement Policy and Procedures governing
    all aspects of procurement processes and strengthening the Tenders
    Board so as to promote open and competitive tendering arrangements;
o   reactivation of State Board of Survey to facilitate competitive bidding -
    and minimize fraud in the disposal of bublic property;
o   strenathenina Price lntelliaence and Due Process Units to ensure
    transparenciin all transadons and value for money;
o   oublication of information on tender issues. awards and technical
    standards to be made publicly available for contracts over P 1 million;
                                                                1
o   increase automated/computerized system of registrations, records and
    other transactions to minimize opportunities for intermediation and
    bribery;
o   formulation and publication of Citizens Charter for key service areas
                                    .
                                    .
    including Health, Education, Water supply, Housing. Pensions. Youth,
    Safety Nets; and               -L


o   strengthening the ofice of4H~d of Service to maintain and render
    progresSCport oh-eff~&cy6%%rv?& delivery in Kwara State public
    service by December 2005.
                                        CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE

               REFORM OF THE BUDGET AND PLANNING PROCESS,
                    SERVICE DELIVERY AND EXPENDITURE

Situation Analysis
The State Budget and Planning process has shown marked improvement in financial
management. This is evident for instance in the efforts to increase tax revenues.

The state has, however, been bedeviled with revenue uncertainty arising from
unpredictability in releases from the monthly Federal Allocation. This has often resulted
in contractor arrears and project delays. Revenue sources (Internally Generated
Revenue and Federal Allocation % ~which o&revenlie is the principal source), vary
                                           f
                                         -
widely with changes in international oil p     atid variations in oil output, especially as
the state depends largely on Federal Allocation.

In spite of this weak position of the state's revenue, government agencies focus on
gettkg as much as possible into the capital budget. Recurrent expenditure is mostly a
repetition of the preceding year's budget rather-thanbeing based on actual realities on
ground. Departments-do not m z d i i n a l i i p e n d i n g priorities. Unfortunately, the
state is usually unable to see through and anticipate accurately the revenue inflow.
                             -           ~          4




Policy Thrusts
          o      to improve upon the ongoing reform in the budget and planning
                 process in order to ensure efficiency in the allocation and utiliition of
                 financial and human resources; and
          o      to strengthen monitoring and'evaluation mechanism in order to ensure
                 optimal use of fit%mcial-resources and compliance with due process.
                      -,   -        r        .          :                   .        a,       .
                                             -.......       .:          _
                                                                       :                          :

                  .   .         .
                               .-            . .
                                                                     .~..       * - .--   -
Target                                                                      ,


          o      to provide necessary logistics to Budget Office and State Planning
                 Commission for effective monitoring and evaluation by December
                 2005.

Strategies
                                                                 -
         o       ensure balance between available mqqces and a g
                                                              g-                                      spendmg;
          o                                                  -
                 t o u s e K W ~ E-- D S ~ 2 h B b ~ f i j f p r e p- a r a tof n
                                  E                                          w annual Budget
                 Estimates7
          o      installabon of Management Infommbm System at the Dmcbrak of
                 Stabshcs in the State Plann~ng  Commlsrdon as database for b u m ,
                 monitoring. and evaluation of projects and for the facilitation of r&it
                 . .
                 oreoaration and s u m to Government bv Deamber 2005: and
          o      piovrsron of adeqdate and appropriate & n
                                                       . . mg programme9-for tbe
                 perronnel of the State f?&mning €bmmmmand BudgelD i F a t e in
                                                      . .
                 order to enhanm the$ - -
                                        prod&v -          .
Figure 4:   T                                                        g

An Outline of Kwara SEEDS

Human Development            Growing the Private                          Improving
                                  Sector                                  Governance

FOCUS on direct              FOCUS on:                                    FOCUS on:
Su~oort                       Scale Agriculture                           'Policy reforms that
*phmary Health Care. .
                   .                                                      suppoi poverty
'Education           .   ?                                                r&ct]b;n and
'Water and Sanitation        processing                S                  economic growth
'Social Welfare              'Light Manufacturing                          'Fiscal Responsibility
'Hous~ng                     'Commercial Services      U                  and Transparency
                             'Infrastructure                               'Administrative and
                             Improvements              P                  managerial capacky
                             'Privatisationfrrogranlme- -                  improvements
e.g. of Already Achieved
                          1"
                                 -               .
                                                 .    -
                                                     1-         .$   2
                                                                     -.
UNICEF N33 million-      -           - 2----              %
                                                          . -




Programme for water        e.g of Already Achieved 0      e.g of Already
and sanitabon              'Pnvatisation of furniture     Achieved
'Educatm Plan              firm                         R 'Liberalisatton of
developed                  'Citing of motorcycle          policy reglrne
                           assembly pbnt                T 'Computensation of
                           Casheyr-nut processlrq
e.g. of P h n e d P m j e t' 2 L L&* S.B#C
                             .
                                     -               *- -
                                                 LL- S 3
                                                      .
                                                          tax collection system
'Strengthening o hearth - -
                 f                 i 4 e d ?&c,.~
                                   -

and education
managementsystems                                         e.g. of Planned
'Improvmg access to        'Scale Agriculture: 20,000     'Improve fiscal
health and educabon        hectares per annurn            respons~b~lrty.
'HIVIAIDS Preventton       'IPP Power Projed              budgebg pr-s~.
Teacher Traln~ng                 - .         .. .I. -     aocountab*tVand
                                                          efficiency
                         - -             *   ------                  ;




SlJPfoFzii~G R O W : The intieractions behveen the @Jam and the particular focus
                 G
on the Human Deveiopment pillar is designed to suppolt the enhancemwrt of Nnd
kvebhoods (espeuaMy through agriaJavaf prodwtwily) and lo assist the wban
unemployed to access employment.
                  PART FIVE
FINANCING AND IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES
          -   -   .   -   -_-- -
                            .
                            'I   %
                                     -
                              CHAPTER TWENTY-FOUR



Situation Analysis
Funding of KWSEEOS is a major challenge to the State Government when viewed
against the backdrop of the weak revenue base of the state. The ability of the
Government to meet the funding requirement will therefore depend on its power of
            and
creat~vity ability to manage effectively the available resources in order to meet the
aspirations of the citizenry. The quallty of goernpent all over the world is measured by
its ability to provide for the welfare-of the gove&ed. The state cannot afford to fail in
this regard. The main sour- of reewe &ich&f&um@arized              in Table 4 in chapter 6
are allocation from the-Eederatbb-     v -                  Generated Revenue (IGR),
Borrowing (Internal and External) and Grants.

        Federation Account Allocation Committee (FAAC)
Funds from the FAAC, made up of staMory allocation, excess crude and VAT,
accounted for an average of N9.52 b~llion    per-year since 2000 at an annual growth rate
of 7.52% (2001). 44.64% (2002)and 8.44% (2d03). The pattern of increase of FAAC
allocation is a relbction of the price of crude petroleum intthe international oil market
                        --     - -
       Internally Generated Revenue (IGR)
                                           +
                                               - - -
                                                ,p

                                                      & -
                                                     . -     -
Even though IGR has increased over time, its share in total revenue remains relatively
low. IGR has fluctuated markedly in recent years, it increased by 36.8 and 72.38% in
2001 and 2002 respectively and dl
                                ne
                                 ic    sharply by 25.02% in 2003. As at June 2004. it
had recorded an increase of 2.06%.
                                                 T
       Borrowing
Kwara State has an aggregate external debt of $333,514,525.26 as at 2002. This is
made up of $278,518,787.85 (Paris Club), $29,225,737.42 (Multilateral), and
$25,770,000 (London Club). The ioans were contracted between 1974 and 1983 to
finance some development programmes. An average of N179,112,106.24 is being
deducted monthly from the state's share in the Federation Account for the settlement of
the indebtedness. The state also has an internal debt of W9,922,289.81.

      Grants
Grants contribute rninirqa                              ]g~,to the state for development
purposes. It re~resented                                 for the period 2002 - 2003. It
cannot therefore be relied on as a major source of revenue for ~e state.

                        FINANCING KWSEEDS (2005 2007)     -
The successful implementation of KWSEEDS in the next three years will depend largely
on availability of funds. Hepce, there is thp urgent need to identify and define dearly
the realistic and reliable revenue s c u r ~ ~ @ a b thee       for l state during the
period.

Policy Thrusb
      to strengthen the State Board of Internal Revenue to enable 1 cope with
      ~ncreased demand for internal revenue generation; and
      to widen the intemal revenue base thereby reducing over-reliance on the
      FederationAccount as a ma' r source of revenue t~ the state.
                         -   -     El<+
                                 -- - -
                                     -4c.e          -. .
                                                 - --..-.
                                                     -a
                                                            -
Targets
       ensure that the State Board of Internal Revenue impacts positnrely on Internally
      generated revenue by June 2005;
      ensure that the Board destgns an Indicator for measunng its performance in
      terms of revenue diverrrfrcabon and Hndenmg the revenue base by June 2005;
      ensure that the Board ach8eve.a-target 0{30% @2005,30%in 200f3,and20% in
                                    - 3. -
      3x17 in terms its perfonwlqrCZs ; . ;
                             -     -
                                         .
                                         ,
                                        --.---        ,
                                                      ,
                                                     - - ,
Strategies
In order to convert successfuUy tha outbned strategies mto results, frnanaal
requ~rementshave been esbmated for speak prqects and in-es              under the
respective sectors. These financcal estunates d be revlewed wrthm the reabty o the
                                              l                              f
State's budgebng process.
                                                  S
                                          *  -
The State Govemmenl is d~sproportionateiydependent on federal allocabons for
financing rts' programmes. In the past five yean,federal aUocabons have accounted for
eghty percent d total state budget (recurrent and caprtal). In addltson, the state is
sewsing a slgralfmnt amount of exbmal debt The esttmated external deM of the s& t
as at 31* December 2002 was LISS333.5 mrlfron. The jaid iwrden o Kwara Sate.
                                                                      f
mupied with its growmg populam and urfrastructm development chaHenges, has
                                               .   .

made it an imperative for the government and people of the state to adopt measures for
prudent expenditure that would enable it to meet its obligations to the different
stakeholder groups.

Therefore, the following strategies have been proposed for ensuring that KWSEEDS is
implemented within the stipulated timeframe:

       relying more on her own independent sources of revenue especially the IGR;
       reducing waste in public expenditure through greater control over financial
       management and effecting monitoring and 'due process' activities in
       procurement;
       mainstreamingthe reality of fluctuations in oil revenue in the budgetary process;
       reinforcing the principle and practice of accountabilrty and transparency in
       governance;
       modernizing the existing tax system and enhancing the skills of staff. This
       involves overhauling the internal revenue machinery by re-organizing and
       restructuring the Board of Internal Revenue;
       increasing IGR by more than 150% by 2007 and ensuring that the percentage of
       IGR to total revenue increases from the present 20% to 40%;
       development of comprehensive data base for potential players;
       de-ernphasising subvention toLpzyastatals with sufficient asset base for internal
       revenue generation;
       introductionof tax refprm by_igi&tJ&&L.             -,. ..
       pursuing projeds that positively affect the cyde of revenue generation such as
       sold minerds development, s i development, etc. and other new revenue
       generawn outlets.

Kwara State Budget Performance (2002-2004)
Budgets are tools for transforming development plans into implementable programmes
and propcts. If well implemppte$, they m d a t e .@a etenbon of governments lnto
                                          ,
                                          .
                                          -
concrete and verifiable r e a i h . ' - .... ,         L-
                                                       ,

In the last three (3) years, the implementation of approved budget in the state witnessed
appreciable performance both in the recurrent and capital expenditure aspects. For
instance. in 2002. out of the sum of N11.668.773.979 approved capital expenditure. a
sum of N1.682,556,826.30 was expended representing about 14.4% f.k?ifonnance. In
the same year, recurrent expenditure recorded 98.95% performance since out of the
                                                        an
sum ofN10.85 billion approva the .sqm ofN10.71 br was expended. However, a
                         was o wd
sum ofN10.717 brU~on c U e as ~ ~ e ~ e o ~ the o u t ~10.831  of a approved
b i l i m represenhng 98.95% p w f m c e : Sirnil&, out of the total approved reourrent
expenditure a ~13.431bil,on in 2003. the suk of N12.03 bi&- was expended
                 f
                         - -
transiabna to 90% budset oerfomance. In t same vein. caoital ex5end-Werecorded
                                              b
m tne ye& was to the tune of N3.61 billion representing $2% b"dget achiement.
Actuai recurrent revenue was N12.032 blllrcwr out of the approved ~ 1 3 4 3 bilbon wJu&
                                                                              1
is 89% perfomance. Lastly. as at June. 2004. the stata has achresred a rear&
expenditbre performance o ~8.33 j l h out of the approved N14.91 billfon amwnbng
                             f        b
                                       - - .           --
to about 55.88% level of performance, while a sum of N3.71 billion was expended on
capital projects out of the approved sum of N8.01 billion translating to 46.31% actual
performance. In the same period, recurrent revenue collected stood at N8.337 billion
out of the approved N14.917 billion, representing 55.89% performance. Efforts are in
top gear to improve the level of implementation of approved programmes and projects
in the current financial year and beyond in order to attain greater fiscal achievement in
the state.

Financing Requirements
The financ~ng                                            but
                 requirements for KWSEEDS are h~gh feasible. Therefore, the state
government will sharpen its collaborative arraridements with the federal government,
local governments, the private %tor, development partners and civil society to ensure
that all stakeholders provide all that i s - w i g f ~ enablipg KWSEEDS to accomplish
                                                        r
its development objedives.~hefinancing requirement during the plan period for state
specific priorities are shown in the Tables below.
 Table 13:    Financing Requirements for Key Development Sectors

KEY
DEVELOPMENT
SECTORS               2005                                      2006               2007




                               . .,
                              ..
                             r a
                                  "
                                   .
                                , -a.
                                           .'
                                                - ~ .   .   - .. .-
                                                                   -
                                                                      -
                        .   - -- --    -
                                       *
                                                I - .
                                                             . .      ,
                                                                          .   .~
    Table 14:     Financing Requirements for Economic Sector Activities

    ECONOMIC

    Agriculture                                                   Amount (naira)
                                                                  20aS             2007
    Large scale farmers incentive
    programme                                  960,500,000.00 655,500,000.00
    Small scak farmers development
    programme                                  4,500,000.00       650,000.00
I   Agro-input support scheme                  123.000.000.00     135.000.000.00   145,000,000.00
    Agrochem~cals                              15,000,000.W       18.000,OOO.W     20,WO,000.00
    Informabon
    Database                                   870.W0.00          920,WO.W         920,000.00
                                                                         -
    Davelop Graztng Reserves      --      -.34.590,00QL34,500,000.00               34,500.000.00

I   (~arkulturs)
    Industry and SUE
    Pnvatrsabon
                                               1.138,370,~.00      r150000
                                                                  8C,7,0.0

    Programme                                  5.000,000.W        5,000.OOO.W
    IndusbraV SME Faahtabon
    scheme                                     2.ow.000.00        2,000,000.00
    FeasinMystudresandpbnsfor.
    tndustnal estates
                                .--,..   - A            - --
                                              ~20,000,000.00~ 20,000.000.00
                                                    -             --
    TOM (Industy ond SUE)                      nmmm               npoopoom
    Sow Mineral8
    L@frameworkfor~lng
    a c b v ~                                   .0.0.0
                                               100000
    Pm~ofgeobgicalsurvqr
    maps                                       90,ooo.ooo.Oo      50,000.ooo.00
                         t
    lnfrastruchtre pmmon a
     l -
    m g
     n                                             . . - -
                                               - loo,000.000.00 sg,q,ooo.OO
  Reorgaru~ermrustryOfsoW        --      --     '              A
  rnmrals                                       .o.o.0
                                               lsooo0              .0.o.0
                                                                  150oo0
  TOW ( S d d
  ~ienh)                                       rswmm              io~mpoom
  power Syppfy
jCDMecbMof-&&
I@                                             9683330
                                                4.3.3.0           946,833.333.00
4 Prowrementof~loolsfa
Ie w
  w
1 Power s p l jrnprovment n
         upy
                                         - - . - .
                                           I~,SOO.OOO.OO
                                           a-            . 2c
                                                                   i,0.0.o
                                                                  1r5000.o
I   rnetropol~s                                             o
                                                          a o a
                                                0 0 D ,-- . ,- o o
                                               2 2 0 0-m~ o . o . ,
, DeyeJopnentofRE8
I permanent*                                   10.0OD.QDD.00      5.000~000.80
    TOW
                                               -'=wuoo            ~'=w=oo
I
1TOTAL {Economk                                2,S52,203,3S3.00   l,%U03,333M
                                                    -
                                               - ----          --        -
Table 15:       Financing Requirements for Water Supply and Sanitztion

Water Supply and
Sanltatton                                                           Amount
                                             2005                     2006                 2007
Boreholes

Hand-pumped boreholes                 93,750,000.00            93,750,000.00         75,000,000 00
Motonsed
boreholes                             265.000.000.00           265.000,000.00        265,000,000.00

Solar-powered       --   .   -    ~      ~     ~       a       ~     '    ~     *.
                                                                                t    ~161.50,000.00 !
                                                                                          -    ,        ?   Q
                             * '.
                                                            o) , o . ) m
                                      & ~ ~ . ~ ~ , o 0 o o M10o m.
                                                               6 MO
Surface-water D m and
Wateworks
Expans10111tmpmvementof embng
~nhasbuclure                          250.000,000.W            99.600.000.00         501.5M),OOO.00
Urban water
sUPPb                                 450,000,000.W            850.000.000.00        750,MX).OM).00

                             9
                                      7~poo,ooOrn          -
                                                         s49~,ooom  eb.    I'
                                                                                      l~l,~,ooO.oo
Lxmmwth of 10 &ffh omm-           - 200-rn             -~,aoom                        m,ooo,ooom
Smit.tion

Consbuchon o VIP latrines
              f                       48.003.000.00            48.OOO.000.00         48.oD0,M)o.W
Counterpart fund fw UNICEFacbon
pkn                                   32.000,OOO.W             32,000.000.W          32000.000.W
                                  ;80poo,ym                    sopoom-@o              0 o m
                                                                                     8p o m
TM   (-wppsu           il i
                   ~d -tm         - i l j o a ~ ~ ~ A s o i o o 0 mp o o r n
                                                                  ~
Table 16:         Financing Requirements for Healti. Sector
                                           .   ~.           ..        . .       ~




    HEALTH                                                                          ~moun!~
                                                                        ~




                              - . . -. . - -ZOW -
                       .    .                          . r . .

    ~
    Projects . .. ~. ,. . . .         .,
                                       .          Annual AllocaUpn
    Improving Health cam delively

    Set up Health Management Information System            30,000,000.00                  10,000,000.00

    Setup state health data bank                           20,000,000.00                  6,666,666.67

    Set up local government health data banks              48,000,000.00                  16,OOO,OW.00

    infant mortality reduction programme                   100,000.000.00                 33,333,3333

I   Maternal mortality reduction programme                 ~M).OOO.WO.OO



                                            f
                             q.>(rv. '1et+(S u 1 w . M ) O . w H
    HNIAIDS reducton piOgEWl~e
                                                    .-
    Malaria reducbon programme                              @00&0-
                                                           6,0:.0                   *



( Tubemlour m n b l programme                              60,000.000.00


    B l m d prevenbMl programme
             ~                                             30,000.000.00
                                                                  "         "

    Enwonmental health pmgrarnme                           30.000.000.00
I                          Resesrch and--
    Strengihenmgof Plann~ng,
    Sta*.
                                                    -4.-      a-. -c-.: --
                                                           50.000.000.00
                                                                         -




  ~ r v e b p e nofrefem!system
                 l                                         JD~OM).ODD.OO                  10~M1D.00(9..00
1 improve manapemen1syslens
                                                                 ... .
                                                                                                               .   .
                                                                                        '     Amount-
                                                                                      . . .;2996 -.21107 Annual Allosatisn
                                                                              60,000,000.00              20,000,000.00

     Inaugurate stale health wuncil
     lmpmve partnershipswith international
     agencies

     Equip eye centreslclinics

     Brokendown equipment


I    Improve rnonitonng and evaluation

     Cwnputerisafion

                                           -
                                            , ,

                                               ..
                                                    .
                                                        P-

                                                        .
                                                            ,
                                                                -.
                                                                .

                                                                .~
                                                                     ..

                                                                          -
     Training S c h d


I1   Rehabilitation of existing f a c i l i i

     Staff Accommodation

     Rural health incentives                ,.
     Postgraduate training
                                            -




     Vacdnes and lrnmun&tion

     Renal failure systems


     Hunun Resources                        -
     State health accwnt

     Local government heallh account


     Hea#b,'n--
     Rmorasand-


I    He&
         n
     iwmed-
          i
             mtntenamce osgamabon
I
/ Recrullmfmto tpeotallsts
             f
I
Health Agencles and Pollcles

                   Commission
Hospital S e ~ i c e                        15,000.000.00

State primary health care agencies          15.000,000.00

                                                        5.000.000.00   1,666,666.67

State health laws




                                            2,883,000,000.00           961,000,000.W


                                             . -9.c
                                              .                -
                                    . - .
                                        e

Revenue projectionlplarmed expenditUm
In the next three yeam (20052007). it is envisaged that the ava~iablefunds for
KWSEEDS will be derived from the following sources:
                                                         -
                  Federation Account Aflocation In the period 2000 2004, the     -
                  State share of Federation Account has grown at an average of
                  7.52% (2001). 44.64% (2002) and 8.44% (2003). However. the
                  abnormal growth recorded in 2002 cannot be used as a reliable
                  basis for projection due to the s h e 'increase in the price of crude
                  oil that year. It appears mom-reasonable to adopt the 8.44%
                  growth rate recorded in 2003 as a yardstick for projecbon of the
                                                                                -
                  revenue ihat will accrue to the state in the penod 2005 2007 from
                  the Federabon Aocount Therefore, the expecded revenue from
                  FAAC for the s a e woukl average P(t2 brllm (2005). P113 biUm
                                   tt
                  (2006)ad N14 bilbon (2007)mspedwely.
                                                                   -
                e Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) IGR is expected to play a
                  key role in fin-         KWSEEDS as the only source of revenue
                  ~rthiii-t          =-a %   state G D - z i i ~ o w e ~ ethe pr-
                                                                             r,
                  with IGR relates to its inadequacy and Lunrted sources of cdkbal.
                  The appnxabk increase in revenue 0oUedion realuecl in the
                  perad (2000           -
                                    2002) is awutabie to the engagement of t x        a
                  consuhtsvcrhoareexpectedtocdaboratewrththeStateBoanlaf
                  Internal Revenue to unprove on the current kvel of pertormanoe in
                                -
                  2305 2007. it is assumed that tGR wo@ grow auwrvatnrely at
                  an annual ratGof 364 u~&    sn@         odlectiosl reatzed i 2003 as
                                                                             n
                  bas&      $07                                      o
                                               This wlll tr&&te t about (13.4 bdhm
                  (2505). M.7               (2006) and W 4 bibon (2007). The
                  aduevement o these tar@
                                 f                 will however depend on the abilrty OF
                   the State Board of Internal Revenue to widen the revenue base,
                   and enhance its tax administration system. In this regard, the
                   Government will provide essential logistic support to the Board.
                   Leakages and fraud in the tax system will be tackled to ensure the
                   realization of these targets.
                               -
                   Borrowing A large proportion of the state finances is being
                   channeled into debt servicing, thus denying it of investing in
                   productive and welfare services. Borrowing will still continue to
                                                            -
                   feature prominently inthe period 2005 2007 with the attendant
                   implications for the funding of KWSEEDS. With the current strict
                   regulations by the Federal Government on external borrowing, the
                   reliance on this source of revenue for financing KWSEEDS will be
                   limited.    However, drawdown of loans already signed with
                   multilateral financial institutions such as the AD6 and the World
                   Bank will be explored to complement other available sources of
                   revenue. L-l
                   rnSEEDg;..,... . ..-. .will also be explored to finance
                                  1fTi
                                       . borrowing
                                                           .
                           -
                   Grants Grants constitutes a minimal revenue source for the state.
                   In fact. no grant was received in the state in 2000 and 2001. while it
                                                                                -
                   represented only 0.52% of total revenue in the period 2002 2003.
                   Grants are therefore regarded as unreliable source of revenue for
                   funding KVVSEEDS.
                   External Donor *istan&
                   positive .rek&Fhp!with
                                                    - The state will exploit its current
                                               mu@tera( donor agencies to source
                   developmeiit assistance for implementing KWSEEDS. Accordingly.
                   the state will partner with agencies such as the UNDP, FAO.
                   UNIDO. UNESCO. UNICEF, DFID. USAID, as well as international
                   NGOs to support the funding of KWSEEDS.

Details of Revenue P r o m o n s for the plan period (2005.2007) are presented in the
table below:                      . - d         -
      Numum,
      S(C
b     wcildnmk
      POV*
      Rcd~uoa
*     Prclrn
      h F m m
      CaplUl
      MUkd
    TOTAL        1,741,073JM   1,155,974   11684806   &146;186   9686m    9 Jl
                                                                         1 m ll
                              CHAPTER TWENTY-FIVE
                                 .. .

                          IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES

The success of any development plan including KWSEEDS depends largely on the
implementation strategies being adopted. KWSEEDS will seek to address the problems
of past development attempts which failed due to poor, ineffective or non-
implementation.

       Public Institutions
KWSEEDS recognizes the needs for effective coordination among vital organs as a
means to ensure successful projectlprogramme implementation. Consequently, the
following instruments at the public sector level would be adopted as tools for
implementing KWSEEDS (development plan):
       * sectoral plans e.g, health (HIVIAIDS), agriculture, safety nets for vulnerable
          groups, etc.         ,.      .
                                         .
                                              .,-; ..:    ;


       = annual budgets;                      I.,


          Government Circulars issued from time i o time; '
       = Executive Council memoranda and conclusions; and
          new legislations and relevant international conventions needed for
          implementationof KWSEEDS.

      Sector Wide Approach
This approach allows for holistic evaluation of the overall macroeconomic indicators in
the development process. It indudes simutta-@$ou9- improvement in the public and
pmate sectors, the quantitative and qualitative changes which will be reflected in the
value orientation, reduction of poverty, wealth creation, among others. The output
lndiitors will be determined through Input-Output monitonng (matrix), budgetary
compl~ance   plans as well as audiing, i.e. Value for Money Audit, Management Audit
and Internal and External Audits.

       PuMic-Private Partnership (PPP) .
Prqed Monitoring and Evaluatiohilnit-aril e n s u m c ~ m p h m agreed terms and
                                                                 with
conditions of contra& and enforcement of penalties on contradorrlsuppliers who fail to
meet their contractual obligations. Establishment of a State Monitoring and Evaluation
structure conssting of the Exemhe Governor, the State Chief Exewtive Collnd,
Governor's Office, State Plannlng Commission, Minisby o Finance. D i r a t e of
                                                              f
                                      f
Planning. Research and Statistjcs o tine Ministries, as well as representattves of Civa
Sowety OrganizationdNGOs is arucld to suooessful d d w y o devebpment   f
programmes. The p~ocess monibring h d evdua'tion
                            of                              indude among others:
                 Public participation by Callection.of pow'planning information (servioe
                 deiivery assessanent and ?PAS);
                 Publication of @d  oi
                                     c     repmt to demonsbite and show whether
                 government has d & v d on its promises c not
                 PuMlcabono g o v m e n ! m o n n g m s r mnssuch as Government
                              f                          nhu e t
                 Accounts. & d l and Project M o m Reports o make Government
                                                                  !
               transparent to enable the public makes its own judgment of official
               records; and
               use of a monitoring matrix as contained in the table below:
Table 18:   KWSEEDS Project Monitoring And Evaluation Matrix




       Communicakn Slrateey
This is to be rmplemented through effecbve mmunicatron techniques such as
semmars, stak-             consultabom to review o ~ ~ o r m a n c epemcally.
                                                      mechanrsms. The framework
Electronic and print medla wll be used as ~mplementabon
in fgure 5 below widl also assst the government in lbe process o i m p h m b n g
                                                                 f
WSEEDS.
Figure 5:                                          KWSEEDS
            Institutional Framework For lm~lementina


                       I    EXECUTIVE GOVERNOR                 I
              4
             - .
             *i    I
                        KWARA STATE EXECUTIVE
                       7m&&&&*i < & ~ ~. . COUNCIL
                       :          . . :     K -:$
                                            $ % .
                                                !                  . .   I
                   1       COMMITTEE
                                            -
             4                              -   - -       -"
              -                     .   -
  MMISTRY OF FINANCE                                STATE PLANMNG
                                                    COMMISSIONISEEDS
             4                                      SECRETARIAT.




 I   PRIVATE SECTOR
     DONOR AGENClES             I   I Z Z N .
                                                -     .
                                                                             I
                                                 ..
      Legislative Agenda
The implementation of KWSEEDS will be supported by legislation. By and large,
enactments by the Kwara State House of Assembly will be adopted to ensure
compliance, control and implementation of all strategies.

Specifically, the following areas have been identified for legislation by the House of
Assembly to ensure effective implementation of KWSEEDS.
                  Fiscal Responsibility Bill including provisions on Budget Discipline (to
                  be tailored along the line of the National Fiscal Responsibility Bill);
                  Finance and Public Procurement Bill;
                  Tax Reform Bill (Revision of Rates);
                  Court Tax Bill;
                  Kwara State Solid Minerals Development Bill to include provisions for
                  controlling the activities of illegal miners.

      Transparency in Pwurernent               -- - .
This strategy will strengthen the existing procurement process through mandatory
adherence to existing and new regulations on procurement and stores management

        State lndependent Monitoring Framework
The current due pro-         approach will be strepgthened and integrated into a State
lndependent Monitoringframework -Int new ~ t ~ c t u rthe existing Agencies will play
                                        &                 e,
their traditional roles 9f monjtoringandevaluatiQn in a qrdiiated manner in line with
estabikhed Financial ~egulations;-Sfores.B&gulations and other iegisbtions and
directives. Accordingly, the roles of the following agencies will be recognized and
protected in the process. These are:
            o State Planning Commission;
            o Directoratesof PRS in Ministries;
            o Stores Units;
            o Internal Audii Units; and
            o State Audl Depahent
                                    c   .:
PILOT PROJECTS

Health
      rehabilitation of health facilities and equipment as well as procurement of new
      medical equipment and drugs; and
      recruitment of doctors, nurses, laboratory technologists, health planners and
      statisticians.


      provision of drugs for people living with AIDS at subsidized rates; and
      enforcement ~f Non-Discriminatory Policy Against people living with HIV/AIDS.

Environment
      construction of IntegratedWastsManagementfacilityat llorin;
      procurement of additional plants and equipment for waste disposal; and
      engagement of additional number of waste management consultants for the local
      govemment areas.

Housing And Urban Development                         -
              complebon ~ f , @ e
                                ongojng 25d~ousag Units along Hajj Camp Road
             a& c~nsb-u@mo additjonal & I Units per year; and
                               f                $
                                               Housing
              construction of modem housing units in the local govemment areas for
             allocation to medium level people at subsidzed rates.

Pensions
                pension Rsforrns in the public service; and
                implementation of the new Harmonired Pension Reform Scheme as 1
                affects the state.

Youth And Children
                                       ..   ..   'I       1


               job creabon for the youth through the provis'in of vocational tmining
               and micro-aedit scheme; and
               rehab111tat~~ sportrng f a a W to enowrage youth parbclpabon in
                             of
               sports from all ties of educabon.
Gender
                                      ..
      ensunng gender balance in aUspheres ~J$evelypnt
                    ,.
                     .                                     proqss-
                                      .
                           a
                           =
                           d
                           "
                           .




Education
                          - . - -.-- -..*..*-- -.          -  -
     expanson of faabbes in all m mnshtubons; and
                                     y
                                     r
      ocnsbucbon of hostels in secondary schools to reacbvate boarding system in Ule
     stah.

				
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