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BMGT 808 Syllabus Spr08


									                  Decision, Operations and Information Technologies
                         The Robert H. Smith School of Business
                                University of Maryland

                                    BMGT 808U, Spring 2008
                        Doctoral Seminar in Information Systems Research

Instructor:                       Anand Gopal
                                  4307 Van Munching Hall

Class Meets:                      Wed, 10:00 – 12:30
                                  Location: 4440 VMH


This is a seminar on information systems research and will cover theories and papers that are becoming
central to the IS field. While the bulk of the readings in the course are motivated by IS-specific issues,
they are often found in journals that are not IS – this is intentional and is meant to introduce a sense of
being a “business scholar” in you rather than an IS scholar. A primary goal of doctoral seminars is to
introduce the student to the process of becoming a consumer of research papers as well as to understand
how to produce (and publish) research. To that extent, your complete participation in all aspects of the
course is required.

While it is always hard to clearly compartmentalize existing research into neat topics, I have tried to
divide the readings in this class by theories. In each “bucket”, you will find the seminar readings for that
theoretical paradigm along with 2-3 papers that validate test that paradigm empirically. The focus is on
understanding the theoretical underpinnings first and then understand how these are tested using data.
Note that the readings provided are a representative sampling of the existing research in an area – you are
welcome to do a “deep dive” into these topics if you would like.

Since this is not your first doctoral seminar, I will not go into detail on the mechanics of the reading,
evaluating, judging and reviewing process for assigned research papers. More on this in person.


The readings for the course are composed of research papers and some book chapters. You are
responsible for locating and reading the research papers – most of them are available online. In some
cases, I will photocopy relevant chapters from textbooks if required. The one book that I recommend you
buy for the course is an excellent (and accessible) introduction to contract theory, listed below.

An Introduction to the Economics of Information: Incentives and Contracts by Ines Macho-Stadler,
J. David Perez-Castrillo, and Richard Watt (Paperback - April 20, 2001)

The readings for the class may also change as and when new information is revealed (to me and to you). I
will however do my best to give you some advance notice of the changes.

There are three components to your grade in this class.

      1. Research Proposal: at the end of the semester, you are required to turn in a research proposal
         and/or paper that represent original, insightful and potentially publishable work. The proposal
         will be a complete piece of work with theory, model, literature review, proposed (or completed)
         data collection and a discussion of how it adds to current knowledge in the field. An interim
         working proposal will be due in the middle of the semester. You will also present your paper at
         the end of the semester. 40%
      2. Class participation and lead discussion role in assigned papers. 30%
      3. “Hail-Mary” Paper: I have often noticed that doctoral students tend to be very conservative in
         choosing research topics – understandably, risk aversion suggests that you stick to existing topics
         and extend these models incrementally rather than look for risky but potentially high-payoff
         topics with little or no prior work. Therefore, witness the nth additional paper on TAM, the n+1th
         paper on innovation diffusion and the n+2th paper on business value of IT. While these papers
         are no doubt important, as a doctoral student, you are in the best position to take risks and venture
         out into hitherto uncharted territory. This assignment is to force you to do so. You will prepare a
         short paper (~20 pages) outlining a research idea, model or analysis on a topic that has less than 5
         prior references1. Cross-disciplinary ideas are welcome, as are ideas using new and possible
         novel methodologies. I will evaluate this paper on novelty and riskiness rather than on the
         traditional factors of rigor, theoretical coherence and statistical defensibility. This paper is due
         end of the semester though you’re welcome to talk to me about this anytime. 30%


A key aspect of preparing for an academic career is the ability to lead and direct an academic discussion.
Each student will adopt ownership of one paper in each session and lead the class discussion through the
relevant aspects of the paper. You are also required to read and understand the other papers in the session.

Students in class: Shun, Yixin, Oliver, Jiban and Dobin

    If you want a great example of this, read John Nash’s seminal papers on games (Econometrica, 1950).
                                        Session-wise Readings

Introduction. Session 1, 30th January

       Starbuck, W.H. 2005. “How Much Better Are the Most-Prestigious Journals? The Statistics of
        Academic Publication”, Organization Science. Vol. 16, Iss. 2; pg. 180-203
       Glick, W.H., Miller, C.C. and Cardinal, L.B. 2007. “Making a Life in the Field of Organization
        Science”, Journal of Organizational Behavior. In Press
       Tushman, M. and O’Reilly, C. 2007. “Research and Relevance: Implications for Pasteur’s
        Quadrant for Doctoral Programs and Faculty Development”, Academy of Management Journal.
        Vol. 50, 4. Pp. 769-774

Software Development, Cost Estimation and Economies of Scale, Session 2, 6th February

       Jorgensen, M. and Shepperd, M. 2007. “A Systematic Review of Software Development Cost
        Estimation Studies”, IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering. Vol. 33, 1. Pp. 33-55. Shun
       J.E. Matson, B.E. Barrett, and J.M. Mellichamp, 1994. “Software Development Cost Estimation
        Using Function Points,” IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering. Vol. 20. Pp. 275-287.
       Banker, R.D. and Slaughter, S.A. 1997. “A Field Study of Scale Economies in Software
        Maintenance”, Management Science. Vol. 43, 12. Pp. 1709-1726. Jiban
       Mukhopadhyay, T., Vicinanza, S. and Prietula, M. 1992. "Examining the Feasibility of a Case-
        based Reasoning Model for Software Effort Estimation," MIS Quarterly, Vol. 16, 2. Pp. 155-171.
       Maxwell, K., Van Wassenhove, L. and Dutta, S. 1999. “Performance evaluation of general and
        company specific models in software development effort estimation”, Management Science. Vol.
        45, 6. Pp. 787-805. Oliver

Software Development Performance – Quality, Productivity, Cycle Time, Session 3, 13th February

       Kekre, S., Krishnan, M.S. and Srinivasan, K. 1995. “Drivers of Customer Satisfaction for
        Software Products: Implications for Design and Service Support”, Management Science. Vol. 41,
        9. Pp. 1456-1470. Dobin
       Guinan, P.J., Cooprider, J.G. and Faraj, S. 1998. “Enabling Software Development Team
        Performance During Requirements Definition: A Behavioral versus Technical Approach”,
        Information Systems Research. Vol. 9, 2. Pp. 101-125. Yixin
       Krishnan, M. S., C. H. Kriebel, S. Kekre, T. Mukhopadhyay. 2000. “An Empirical Analysis of
        Productivity and Quality in Software Products”, Management Science. Vol. 46, 6. Pp. 745-759.
       Ravichandran, T. and Rai, A. 2000. “Quality management in systems development: An
        organizational system perspective”, MIS Quarterly, Vol.24, 3. Pp 381-415. Shun
       Slaughter, S.A., Levina, L., Balasubramaniam, R., Preis-Heje, J. and Baskerville, R. 2006.
        “Aligning Software Processes With Strategy”, MIS Quarterly. Vol. 30, 4. Pp. 891-918. Jiban

Organizational Control, Session 4, 20th February

       Ouchi, W.G. “A conceptual framework for the design of organizational control mechanisms,”
        Management Science (25:9), 1979, pp. 833-848. Jiban
      Eisenhardt, K.M. “Control: Organization and Economic Approaches,” Management Science (31:
       2), 1985, pp. 134-149. Yixin
      Henderson, J.C., and Lee, S. “Managing IS design teams: A control theories perspective,”
       Management Science (38: 6), 1992, pp. 757-777. Shun
      Choudhury, V. and Sabherwal, R. “Portfolios of Control in Outsourced Software Development
       Projects”, Information Systems Research (14:3), 2003, pp. 291-314. Dobin
      Kirsch, L.J., Sambamurthy, V., Ko, D-G., Purvis, R.L. “Controlling Information Systems
       Development Projects: The View from the Client,” Information Systems Research (48: 4), 2002,
       pp. 484 –498. Oliver

    Kirsch, L.J. “Portfolios of control modes and IS project management,” Information Systems
      Research (8: 3), 1997, pp. 215-239.
    Kirsch, L.J. “The Management of Complex Tasks in Organizations: Controlling The Systems
      Development Process,” Organization Science (7:1), 1996, pp. 1-21.

Coordination Theory, Session 5, 27th February

      Van de Ven, A. H., L. A. Delbecq, and R. J. Koenig. 1976. “Determinants of coordination modes
       within organizations”, American Sociological Review. Vol. 41. Pp. 322-338. Dobin
      Malone, T.W., and Crowston, K. 1994. "The Interdisciplinary Study of Coordination",
       Computing Surveys. Vol. 26, 1. Pp 87-119. Oliver
      Faraj, S., and Sproull, L. "Coordinating expertise in software development teams,". 2000.
       Management Science. Vol. 46, 12. Pp. 1554-1568. Yixin
      Nidomolu, S. 1995. "The Effect of Coordination and Uncertainty on Software Project
       Performance: Residual Performance Risk as an Intervening Variable," Information Systems
       Research. Vol. 6, 3. Pp 191-219. Jiban
      Espinosa, J.A., Slaughter, S.A., Kraut, R.E. and Herbsleb, J.D. 2007. “Familiarity, Complexity,
       and Team Performance in Geographically Distributed Software Development”, Organization
       Science. Vol. 18, 4. Pp. 613-634. Shun

    Kraut, R.E., and Streeter, L.A. "Coordination in software development," Communications of the
       ACM (38:3) 1995, pp 69-81.
    Herbsleb, J.D.a.M., A. "An Empirical Study of Speed and Communication in Globally
       Distributed Software Development," IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (29:6) 2003, pp

Transaction Cost Theory, Session 6, 5th March

      Williamson, O.E. 1979. “Transaction-Cost Economics: The Governance of Contractual
       Relations”. Journal of Law and Economics. Vol. 22, 2. Pp. 233 - 261. Shun
      Ghosal, S., and Morgan, P. 1996. “Bad for Practice: A Critique of Transaction Cost Theory,”
       Academy of Management Review, Vol. 21, pp. 13-47. Jiban
      Ang, S. and Straub, D. 1998, "Production and Transaction Economies and IS Outsourcing: A
       Study of the U.S. Banking Industry," MIS Quarterly, Vol. 22, 4, pp. 535-552. Oliver
      Zaheer, A. and Venkatraman, N. 1994. “Determinants of Electronic Integration in the Insurance
       Industry: An Empirical Test”. Management Science. Vol. 40, 5. pp. 549 - 565. Yixin
   Clemons, E.K., Reddi, S.P. and Row, M.C. 1993. “The Impact of Information Technology on
    the Organization of Economic Activity: The “Move to the Middle” Hypothesis”. Journal of
    Management Information Systems. Vol. 10, 2. pp. 9 - 35. Dobin
   Malone, T.W., Yates, J. and Benjamin, R.I. 1987. “Electronic Markets and Electronic
    Hierarchies”. Communications of the ACM, Vol. 30. pp. 484 - 497.

Behavioral Agency Theory, Session 7, 12th March

   Eisenhardt, K. 1989. "Agency Theory: An Assessment and Review," The Academy of
    Management Review, Vol. 14, 1, pp. 57-76. Yixin
   Oh, W., Gallivan, M., and Kim, J., 2006, “The Market's Perception of the Transactional Risks of
    Information Technology Outsourcing Announcements,” Journal of Management Information
    Systems, Vol. 22, 4, pp. 271-303. Dobin
   Roth, K. and O’Donnell, S. 1996. “Foreign Subsidiary Compensation Strategy: An Agency
    Theory Perspective”. Academy of Management Journal. Vol. 39, 3. Pp. 678-703. Jiban
   Umanath, N.S., Ray, M.R. and Campbell, T.L. 1993. “The Impact of Perceived Environmental
    Uncertainty and Perceived Agent Effectiveness on the Composition of Compensation Contracts”.
    Management Science. Vol. 39, 1. Pp. 32-45. Oliver

Spring Break, 19th March, No class

Contract Theory, Session 8, 26th March

       Macho-Stadler and Perez-Castrillo - Chapter 1, Chapter 2, Chapter 3 and Chapter 4

   Allen, D. and Lueck, D. 1992. “Contract Choice in Modern Agriculture: Cash-Rent versus
    Cropshare”. Journal of Law and Economics. Vol. 35, 2. Pp. 397-426. Yixin
   Crocker, K.J. and Reynolds, K.J. 1993. “The Efficiency of Incomplete Contracts: An Empirical
    Analysis of Air Force Engine Procurement”. Rand Journal of Economics. 24, 2. Pp.126-147.
   Banerjee, A.V. and Duflo, E. 2000. “Reputation Effects and the Limits of Contracting: A Study
    of the Indian Software Industry”. Quarterly Journal of Economics. Vol. 115(3). Pp. 989-1017.
   Kalnins, A. and Mayer, K.J. 2004. “Relationships and Hybrid Contracts: An Analysis of Contract
    Choice in Information Technology”. Journal of Law, Economics and Organization. Vol. 20, 1.
    Pp. 207-229. Oliver
   Gopal, A. and Sivaramakrishnan, K. 2008. “On Selecting Appropriate Contract Types for
    Offshore Software Projects: The Case of Fixed Price versus Time and Materials Contracts”,
    Forthcoming, Information Systems Research. 2008. Shun

Institutional Theory, Session 9, 2nd April

   DiMaggio, P.J. and Powell, W.W. 1983. “The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism
    and Collective Rationality in Organizational Fields”. American Sociological Review, Vol.48,
    Pp.147-160. Yixin
   Meyer, J.W. and Rowan, B. 1983, “Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and
    Ceremony”. American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 83, 2, Pp. 340-363. Dobin
   Ang, S. and Cummings, L.L. 1997. “Strategic Responses to Institutional Influences on
    Information Systems Outsourcing”, Organization Science, Vol. 8, 3. Pp. 235-256.Oliver
   Eisenhardt, K.M. 1988. “Agency and Institutional Theory Explanations: The Case of Retail Sales
    Compensation”. Academy of Management Journal. Vol. 31, 3. Pp. 488-511. Shun
   Teo, H.H., Wei, K.K., and Benbasat, I. 2003. “Predicting Intention to Adopt Interorganizational
    Linkages: An Institutional Perspective”. MIS Quarterly. Vol. 27, 1. Pp. 1-31. Jiban

Relational Exchange Theory, Session 10, 9th April
 Ring, P.S. and Van de Ven, A.H. 1992. “Structuring Co-operative Relationships between
    Organizations”, Strategic Management Journal. Vol. 13. Pp. 483-498. Oliver
 Poppo, L. and Zenger, T. 2002. “Do formal contracts and relational governance function as
    substitutes or complements?”, Strategic Management Journal. Vol. 23. 8. Pp. 707. Shun
 Zaheer A, Venkatraman N. 1995. Relational governance as an interorganizational strategy: an
    empirical test of the role of trust in economic exchange. Strategic Management Journal 16(5):
    373-392. Dobin
 Artz, K.W. and Brush, T.H. 2000. “Asset specificity, uncertainty and relational norms: An
    examination of coordination costs in collaborative strategic alliances”, Journal of Economic
    Behavior & Organization. Vol. 41, 4; pp. 337. Yixin
 Crocker, K.J. and Masten, S.E. 1991. “Pretia Ex Machina? Prices and Process in Long-Term
    Contracts”, Journal of Law and Economics. Vol. 34, 1. Pp. 69-100. Jiban

Signaling Theory, Session 11, 16th April

     Macho-Stadler and Perez-Castrillo - Chapter 5
   King, A.A., Lenox, M.J and Terlaak, A. 2005. “The Strategic Use of Decentralized Institutions:
    Exploring Certification with the ISO 14001 Management Standard”. Academy of Management
    Journal. Vol. 48, 6. Pp. 1090-1106. Oliver
   Basuroy, S., Desai, K and Talukdar, D. 2006. “An Empirical Investigation of Signaling in the
    Motion Picture Industry”. Journal of Marketing Research. Vol. 43, 2; Pp. 1. Jiban
   Wimmer, B.S. and Chezum, B. 2003. “An empirical examination of quality certification in a
    "lemons market"”, Economic Inquiry. Vol. 41, 2. Pp. 279-292. Shun
   Gopal, A. and Gao, G. “Certification in the Indian Offshore Services Industry”. Working Paper.
    University of Maryland. Dobin

Contingency Theory / Information Processing, Session 12, 23rd April

Technology, Innovation and Productivity, Session 13, 30th April

Study Break, No Class, 7th May

Project Presentations, 14th May

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