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Syllabus for the AP French Language and Culture Course AP French is combination of third and fourth year French. Because the students may be in the class for two years, special attention must be paid to using new materials each year but the basic structure remains the same from year to year. Where possible, different texts are chosen for those in their third year or fourth year. Some consideration is also given in forming rubrics for the difference in the students’ preparation. This high school uses the trimester system, thus the year is divided into thirds. Due to the AP Examination falling in the middle of the third trimester, the planning for the AP coursework means that more of the themes are included in the first two trimesters than in the third. AP French is a college-level course in which French is used exclusively. Students may ask permission to check for clarification in English when absolutely necessary, but the teacher always speaks French. The ACTFL standards of Connections, Communities, Cultures, Communication, and Comparisons are closely adhered to in order to cover all aspects crucial to learning a new language. Many textbooks are used but the focus is on authentic materials. Wherever possible the products, perspectives, and practices of the francophone world are incorporated into class. Students are challenged to learn about the diversity within their own country as well as throughout the world. French is an excellent tool for students to use as they expand their knowledge of the world while at the same time developing a personal philosophy and knowlede of self. Through the AP curriculum, students are motivated to reach a level of fluency that allows them to express themselves at appropriate registers; furthermore, they develop comprehension skills to read and listen to authentic French in the form of documents, news reports, movies, podcasts, and literary texts. Course Goals While there are six distinct themes which I have assigned as units within our trimester system, one can see that these themes are also interconnected. Geography, for example, links all six themes thus we start the year considering questions regarding countries, climate, etc. Students then use this information for better understanding of the six themes. Integration of the themes is utilized whenever possible. Current events dictate precisely what will be studied and when. The subthemes listed in this document will be changed as materials or student interest arise. The teacher of the AP French Language and Culture course is flexible and constantly looking for ways to connect students to target cultures. Nearly all activities are constructed with the idea of making cultural comparisons. It is important, however, to keep the framework of the syllabus in mind and redirect instruction as needed. Although not mentioned specifically in the course outline below, the core texts AP French: Preparing for the Language and Culture Examination and Face-À-Face are to be used several times a week; in short, their use goes without saying. Une Fois pour Toutes is the text used when grammar revison is cited. Due to our isolation from French and francophone venues, much of our contact with actual culture is done through virtual tours via the internet. This, however, allows for better discussions in class where students make cultural and linguistic comparisons as we pause the clip and/or replay it. Course Materials Primary Texts: AP French: Preparing for the Language and Culture Examination (Pearson 2012) with cd Richard Ladd Face-À-Face: Conversation et Rédaction (Vista 2011) with audio files Françoise Ghillebaert Une Fois pour Toutes: Une Révision des Structures Essentielles de la Langue Française (Pearson 2008) Hale Sturges II, Linda Cregg Nielsen, Henry Lynn Herbst Mais Oui. (Heinle 2009)with cd Thompson/Phillips Secondary Texts: Allons au-delà: La Langue et Les Cultures du Monde Francophone (Pearson 2012) Richard Ladd Cinq Sur Cinq: Évaluation de la Compréhension Orale (PUG 2010) with cd Rosalba Rolle-Harold, Caroline Spérandio Civilisation en Dialogues (CLE International 2007) with cd Odile Grand-Clément 12 Contes de Guyane (Castor Poche Flammarion 1999) Yves-Marie Clément Contes initiatiques peuls (Editions Stock 1994) Amadou Hampâté Bâ En D’Autres Termes (Wayside Publishing 1992) Renée White Environment.com (CLE International 2009) Danièle Paris, Bruno Foltète-Paris La France au Quotidien (PUG 2008) Roselyne Roesch, Rosalba Rolle-Harold La France des institutions (PUG 2004) René Bourgeois, Patrice Terrone Vocabulaire en Dialogues (CLE International 2008) with cd Évelyne Siréjols Other Resources: TV5 and TV5 Monde L’Express France Amérique RadioFrance International Québec Science AP French Language and Culture: Workshop Handbook and Resources 2011-2012 Maps, tables, graphs, charts The Primary Learning Objectives 1. Spoken Interpersonal Communication 2. Written Interpersonal Communication 3. Audio, Visual, and Audio Visual Interpretive Communication 4. Written and Print Interpretive Communication 5. Spoken Presentational Communication 6. Written Presentational Communication The students’ ability to communicate in French across the three modes, interpersonal, interpretive, and presentational, is the basis for the AP French Language and Culture Examination and is consequently of the utmost importance in curriculum planning. Teaching Strategies Reading Reading of authentic and current materials takes place almost daily. At least once a week students will have the opportunity to read something of their choice for ten minutes from within the classroom (children’s books, novels, magazines, etc.) and are encouraged to take the materials home overnight to continue reading. Activities in class include reading articles from magazine and internet sources relevant to the current theme. This is done individually, in pairs, in small groups, or as a whole class. Most of the secondary texts include interpretive questions for students to answer. With current articles students read and create summaries or prepare presentations. The “dossier” project is a collection of authentic materials from francophone countries. These materials are divided into categories such as train travel, shopping for food, shopping for clothes, museums, religion, applications, restaurants, and many more. In pairs the students read the various brochures, schedules, tables, announcements, menus, and flyers to find answers to questions prepared for each category. This is a highly interpretive exercise. The students read francophone stories, poems, and excerpts from novels. These increase their knowledge of idiomatic expressions and vocabulary as well as form the basis for classroom discussions. The students are constantly challenged to form opinions and find examples from the texts to support their ideas. Writing Students have French pen pals through regular mail in order to have an authentic cultural contact through which they practice writing skills. This also allows for making cultural comparisons with their peers. Writing activities in class include writing original sentences and journal entries to practice vocabulary and review grammar and idiomatic expressions. They write formal paragraphs and short essays. They create questions and answers related to the thematic units. After reading an article they are often assigned to write a précis (summary) to practice getting the main ideas of a text. The texts are often combined with other sources (maps, charts, audio clips) to create visual and audio-visual prompts. Writing practice includes becoming comfortable with a formal level consistent with emails, letters giving advice, and other interpersonal communication where one would be giving and asking for information. In order to encourage creative thinking, such as would be expected for hypothetical situations on the AP Examination, students write stories and simple poems. Listening Students listen to a variety of recorded samples. These include but are not limited to the cds that accompany the texts listed under Secondary Texts, TV5 (Le Journal and Sept Jours Sur La Planète), RadioCanada, RFI, songs (these vary depending on the various tastes of the students and teacher), and video excerpts from, for example, Les Choristes, Vipère au Poing, Bonheur d’Occasion. Clips taken from the Internet such as YouTube are used whenever appropriate. Other Internet sites include Des Contes de la Francophonie (http://www.conte- moi.net/home.php), information and news of Africa (http:// www.jeuneafrique.com), political and cultural news (http://www.franceculture.com/). Podcast sources include http://www.rtl.fr/podcasts, http://www.radiofrance.fr/boite-a- outils/podcast/, and http://www.radio-canada.ca/audio- video/#urlMedia=http:www.radio- canada.ca/Medianet/2010/CBF/Radiojournal201007080800_2.asx&pos=0. Further class activities to refine listening skills include dictée, summarizing an audio clip, and listening to guest speakers (when available). Speaking The class is conducted in French. There are many opportunities for oral communication. These include casual conversation such as at the beginning or end of class. Class begins with simple questions and answers that are typically teacher-led. The students then become comfortable enough to lead conversations themselves allowing for more spontaneous use of the language and switching registers when they speak to their peers as opposed to the teacher. Structured activities include “Chaise Chaude” where a student is in the “hot seat” and classmates ask personal questions on a variety of topics (such as the theme of that day). Part of the activity is the students realizing when they need to ask follow-up questions. Students role play and create dialogues. Writing out “scripts” ahead of time is strongly discouraged as the goal is to provide opportunities for authentic interpersonal communication. In addition to group work and class discussions which require speaking (interpersonal communication), the students practice formal delivery of content and opinions (oral presentational communication) . Depending on the theme under study, this would be a debate, a presentation, or reading an original poem or story. The students are using the interpretive and presentational modes of communication. Students record audio files (using Audacity). These are simple at the beginning of the year and students receive written feedback from the teacher. By third trimester, these files are graded using the AP rubric and given a grade. The format also becomes more rigorous and uses the AP Examination as a template. For example, the prompt includes at least two sources which the student reads and synthesizes, working up to a two-minute response. Technology Students use technology to produce original work; Piclits and Animoto are two such examples of tools students use. As mentioned above, Audacity is used to create audio files. Ipads and laptops are available to the class several times a week and the classroom is equipped with an LCD projector, document camera, and computer. Video cameras are available for recording student presentations. Teacher Preparation I am involved in my state’s World Language organization having served on the board for many years and taking on the role of president. This organization hosts one major and several minor conferences each year. I also meet with a group of French teachers in my region three times a year to share ideas. I am a member of the American Association of Teachers of French and hold National Board Certification in French. Whenever possible I attend AP institutes. Course Outline by Trimester and Month Highlighting the Six Themes Trimester I September, October, November September/October Personal and Public Identities: Multiculturalism Geography of various francophone countries Mais Oui. Chapter 6 Vocabulary of weather, climate, hobbies including the practices of target cultures Cinq Sur Cinq: Comprendre la météo Poetry of francophone authors in order to further understand perspectives of target cultures Excerpts from La France des institutions on the topic of citizenship Civilisation en Dialogues Chapitre 2: L’identité Face-À-Face Leçon 6: La Société (Sans Titre) Allons au-delà Chapitre 1: Touche pas à mon pote (La Tolérance) TV5 (with an emphasis on francophone current events) (La météo) Grammar: Review of past tenses Assessment: Vocabulary quizzes, presentation of a social challenge involving diversity, group project involving a francophone culture, test of past tenses, students record a response to a prompt on the theme of multiculturalism, students write a paragraph explaining how one can be a part of a group within a group (a cultural group with a legal system or nation). October/November Contemporary Life: Travel Mais Oui. Chapter 7: Vocabulary related to travel including but not limited to transportation, hotels and lodging, monuments, cultural and leisure activities Dossier project Cinq Sur Cinq: Demander des informations, Réserver, Présenter Une Ville Activities involving asking directions Email practice on the topic of travel arrangements Selections from Contes intiatiques peuls or 12 contes de Guyane Grammar: review of the future, future anterior, prepositions of geography Face-À-Face Leçon 4: Les Voyages et Les Transports Assessment: Vocabulary quizzes, completion of dossier project (the products of francophone culture), creation of a travel brochure for a francophone country, test of ability to write an email, test of future, future anterior, and prepositions, students record a response to a prompt on travel. The contes help students understand cultural practices and perspectives and help to integrate the theme of Beauty and Aesthetics. Trimester II December, January, February, March December Beauty and Aesthetics: Literature Excerpts of Le Petit Prince Vocabulary of emotion, feelings Vocabulaire en Dialogues Chapter 6: Les Sentiments Grammar: Review of commands Assessment: Essay on Le Petit Prince, quiz on commands, presentation of an object with special meaning to the student, students select a literary text which they read and record, then give an explanation for why they chose that text. January/February Science and Technology: Ethical Questions, Use of Technology Science Québec (Appropriate Articles) Face-À-Face Leçon 2: Les médias et la technologie Allons au-delà Chapitre 9: Attention! Ne pas ouvrir! (Les choix moraux) Vocabulary for debate, giving one’s opinion, discussion Vocabulary of common technology (phones, computers, etc.) Grammar: Review of the subjunctive Assessment: Quiz on subjunctive, debate on an ethical question, summary of an article on technology, students record a reponse to a prompt consisting of two short articles chosen from target cultures, students interview each other on their use of technology. February/March Global Challenges: Environment Readings from environment.com Vocabulary related to the environment Vocabulaire en Dialogues Chapter 12: Le Réchauffement de la Planète Grammar: Relative Pronouns Face-À-Face Leçon 5: La Nature et l’environnement Assessment: Persuasive essay on an environmental question, vocabulary quiz, paired project on relative pronouns (create sentences to demonstrate their use and present to the class), students record a conversation (in pairs) in response to a prompt regarding the environment such as global warming, pollution, use of natural resources, students find two sources (one audio, one visual) which show differing viewpoints which they treat and then give their own. Trimester III April, May, June April Families and Communities: Friendship and Love Mais Oui. Chapter 8: Vocabulary related to relationships, giving advice Face-À-Face Leçon 3: Les Générations La France au Quotidien Chapitre 3: La Famille Review of direct and indirect objects, the conditional, si clauses Assessment: Students submit questions asking for help in solving a relationship problem. These are distributed to other students who must then write a letter giving advice using the conditional, si clauses, etc., quiz on direct and indirect objects, students record a response to a prompt requiring them to speak about their family and then compare how their reponse would be different in one of the target cultures. May Exam Practice AP Exam May/June French Dining and Cooking Project Viewing and discussion of Bonheur d’Occasion by Gabrielle Roy Reading aloud of short plays Selected poems Assessment Assessment, as noted for each theme above, is planned with the AP examination in mind. Scoring and format move closer and closer during the year to the examples given in the Workshop Handbook. Each trimester the students are given an oral exam including presentational speaking. Oral participation grades are given throughout the year to document the students’ use of French in class.
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