APUSH CH 10 EQs by stariya


									AP U.S. History
Essential Questions
Chapter 10

    1.         What were the pros and cons of the creation of a National Bank? What political and constitutional issues were involved in
               this piece of legislation?

    2.         Assess the extent to which the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 played a role in shaping American history after 1800?

    3.         Describe the contrasting membership and principles of the Hamiltonian Federalists and the Jeffersonian Republicans, and
               how they laid the foundations for American political parties

    4.         What was the relationship between the French Revolution and American domestic policies in the 1790s?

    5.         Discuss how the Neutrality Proclamation and Washington’s Farewell Address contributed to the U.S. tradition of

    6.         How were the Alien and Sedition Acts “supposed” violations of the Bill of Rights? What arguments were used to justify
               these acts and what arguments were used to argue against? Which argument do you find most convincing? Why?

    7.         List the provisions of Jay’s Treaty. Which were most unsatisfactory to American interests? Why?

    8.         Assess the importance of each of the following to America’s national interests:
               a. Neutrality Proclamation
               b. Farewell Address
               c. Convention of 1800

    9.         A diplomatic historian has said in reference to early American foreign policy that “Europe’s” troubles became America’s
               opportunities.” What events of the 1790s would best illustrate the truth of this remark? Why?

         Key People (in no particular order)
             1.        John Adams                                             8.        Talleyrand
             2.        Thomas Jefferson                                       9.        Matthew Lyon
             3.        Alexander Hamilton                                     10.       James Madison
             4.        Henry Knox                                             11.       Little Turtle
             5.        John Jay                                               12.       Federalists
             6.        Citizen Edmond Genet                                   13.       Democratic-Republicans
             7.        Anthony Wayne

         Key Terms (in no particular order)
             1.       funding at par                                          13.       cabinet
             2.       strict construction                                     14.       Bank of the United States
             3.       assumption                                              15.       Bill of Rights
             4.       implied powers                                          16.       Jay’s Treaty
             5.       protective tariff                                       17.       Ninth Amendment
             6.       agrarian                                                18.       Tenth Amendment
             7.       excise tax                                              19.       Pinckney Treaty
             8.       compact theory                                          20.       Alien and Sedition Acts
             9.       nullification                                           21.       Judiciary Act of 1789
             10.      amendment                                               22.       Miami Confederacy
             11.      “loyal opposition”
             12.      impressment

         Key Events (In no particular order)
             1.       French Revolution
             2.       Convention of 1800
             3.       Neutrality Proclamation of 1793
             4.       Whiskey Rebellion
             5.       Battle of Fallen Timbers
             6.       Farewell Address
             7.       Virginia and Kentucky resolutions
             8.       Treaty of Greenville
             9.       XYZ affair

1.   __________________     The official body designated to choose the President under the new Constitution, which
                            in 1789 unanimously elected George Washington.
2.   __________________     The constitutional office into which John Adams was sworn on April 30, 1789
3.   __________________     The cabinet office in Washington’s administration headed by a brilliant young West
                            Indian immigrant who distrusted the people.
4.   __________________     Alexander Hamilton’s policy of payoff all federal bonds at face value in order to
                            strengthen the national credit.
5.   __________________     Hamilton’s policy of having the federal government pay the financial obligations of the
6.   __________________     The first ten amendments to the Constitution
7.   __________________     Political organizations not envisioned in the Constitution and considered dangerous to
                            national unity by most of the Founding Fathers
8.   __________________     Political and social upheaval supported by most Americans during its moderate
                            beginnings in 1789, but the cause of the bitter divisions after it took a radical turn in 1792
9.   __________________     Agreement signed between two anti-British countries in 1778 that increasingly plagued
                            American foreign policy in the 1790s.
10. __________________      Alliance of eight Indian nations led by Little Turtle that inflicted major defeats on
                            American forces in the early 1790s.
11. __________________      Document signed in 1794 whose terms favoring Britain outraged Jeffersonian
12. __________________      The nation with which the United States fought an undeclared war from 1798 to 1800
13. __________________      The political theory on which Jefferson and Madison based their anti-federalist
                            resolutions declaring that the thirteen sovereign states had created the Constitution.
14. __________________      The doctrine, proclaimed in the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions, that a state can block
                            a federal law it considers unconstitutional
15. __________________      The nation to which most Hamiltonian Federalists were sentimentally attached and which
                            they favored in foreign policy.

Cause and Effect

                      Cause                                                             Effect
1.   ____ The need to gain support of wealth groups             a.   Led to the formation of the first two American
          for the federal government                                 political parties

2.   ____ Passage of the Bill of Rights                         b.   Caused the Whiskey Rebellion

3.   ____ the need for federal revenues to finance              c.   Led Hamilton to promote the fiscal policies of
          Hamilton’s ambitious policies                              funding and assumption

4.   ____ Hamilton’s excise tax on western farmers              d.   Guaranteed basic liberties and indicated some
          products                                                   swing away from Federalist centralizing

5.   ____ Clashes between Hamilton and Jefferson                e.   Led to imposition of the first tariff in 1789 and
          over fiscal policy and foreign affairs                     the excise tax on whiskey in 1791

6.   ____ The French Revolution                                 f.   Aroused Jeffersonian Republican outrage at the
                                                                     Washington’s administration’s pro-British
7.   ____ The danger of war with Britain                             policies

8.   ____ Jay’s Treaty                                          g.   Created bitter divisions in America between anti-
                                                                     Revolution Federalists and pro-Revolution
9.   ____ The XYZ Affair                                             Republicans

10. ____ The Federalist fear of radical French                  h.   Caused an undeclared war with France
                                                                i.   Led Washington to support Jay’s Treaty

                                                                j.   Caused passage of Alien Acts
Putting Things in Order

1.   _____ Revolutionary turmoil in France causes the U.S. president to urge Americans to stay out of foreign

2.   _____ Envoys sent to make peace in France are insulted by bribe demands from three mysterious French

3.   _____ First ten amendments to the Constitution are adopted

4.   _____ Western farmers revolt against a Hamiltonian tax and are harshly suppressed.

5.   _____ Jefferson organizes a political party in opposition to Hamilton’s financial policies.

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