AP U.S. History Essential Questions Chapter 10 1. What were the pros and cons of the creation of a National Bank? What political and constitutional issues were involved in this piece of legislation? 2. Assess the extent to which the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 played a role in shaping American history after 1800? 3. Describe the contrasting membership and principles of the Hamiltonian Federalists and the Jeffersonian Republicans, and how they laid the foundations for American political parties 4. What was the relationship between the French Revolution and American domestic policies in the 1790s? 5. Discuss how the Neutrality Proclamation and Washington’s Farewell Address contributed to the U.S. tradition of isolationism. 6. How were the Alien and Sedition Acts “supposed” violations of the Bill of Rights? What arguments were used to justify these acts and what arguments were used to argue against? Which argument do you find most convincing? Why? 7. List the provisions of Jay’s Treaty. Which were most unsatisfactory to American interests? Why? 8. Assess the importance of each of the following to America’s national interests: a. Neutrality Proclamation b. Farewell Address c. Convention of 1800 9. A diplomatic historian has said in reference to early American foreign policy that “Europe’s” troubles became America’s opportunities.” What events of the 1790s would best illustrate the truth of this remark? Why? Key People (in no particular order) 1. John Adams 8. Talleyrand 2. Thomas Jefferson 9. Matthew Lyon 3. Alexander Hamilton 10. James Madison 4. Henry Knox 11. Little Turtle 5. John Jay 12. Federalists 6. Citizen Edmond Genet 13. Democratic-Republicans 7. Anthony Wayne Key Terms (in no particular order) 1. funding at par 13. cabinet 2. strict construction 14. Bank of the United States 3. assumption 15. Bill of Rights 4. implied powers 16. Jay’s Treaty 5. protective tariff 17. Ninth Amendment 6. agrarian 18. Tenth Amendment 7. excise tax 19. Pinckney Treaty 8. compact theory 20. Alien and Sedition Acts 9. nullification 21. Judiciary Act of 1789 10. amendment 22. Miami Confederacy 11. “loyal opposition” 12. impressment Key Events (In no particular order) 1. French Revolution 2. Convention of 1800 3. Neutrality Proclamation of 1793 4. Whiskey Rebellion 5. Battle of Fallen Timbers 6. Farewell Address 7. Virginia and Kentucky resolutions 8. Treaty of Greenville 9. XYZ affair Identification 1. __________________ The official body designated to choose the President under the new Constitution, which in 1789 unanimously elected George Washington. 2. __________________ The constitutional office into which John Adams was sworn on April 30, 1789 3. __________________ The cabinet office in Washington’s administration headed by a brilliant young West Indian immigrant who distrusted the people. 4. __________________ Alexander Hamilton’s policy of payoff all federal bonds at face value in order to strengthen the national credit. 5. __________________ Hamilton’s policy of having the federal government pay the financial obligations of the states 6. __________________ The first ten amendments to the Constitution 7. __________________ Political organizations not envisioned in the Constitution and considered dangerous to national unity by most of the Founding Fathers 8. __________________ Political and social upheaval supported by most Americans during its moderate beginnings in 1789, but the cause of the bitter divisions after it took a radical turn in 1792 9. __________________ Agreement signed between two anti-British countries in 1778 that increasingly plagued American foreign policy in the 1790s. 10. __________________ Alliance of eight Indian nations led by Little Turtle that inflicted major defeats on American forces in the early 1790s. 11. __________________ Document signed in 1794 whose terms favoring Britain outraged Jeffersonian Republicans. 12. __________________ The nation with which the United States fought an undeclared war from 1798 to 1800 13. __________________ The political theory on which Jefferson and Madison based their anti-federalist resolutions declaring that the thirteen sovereign states had created the Constitution. 14. __________________ The doctrine, proclaimed in the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions, that a state can block a federal law it considers unconstitutional 15. __________________ The nation to which most Hamiltonian Federalists were sentimentally attached and which they favored in foreign policy. Cause and Effect Cause Effect 1. ____ The need to gain support of wealth groups a. Led to the formation of the first two American for the federal government political parties 2. ____ Passage of the Bill of Rights b. Caused the Whiskey Rebellion 3. ____ the need for federal revenues to finance c. Led Hamilton to promote the fiscal policies of Hamilton’s ambitious policies funding and assumption 4. ____ Hamilton’s excise tax on western farmers d. Guaranteed basic liberties and indicated some products swing away from Federalist centralizing 5. ____ Clashes between Hamilton and Jefferson e. Led to imposition of the first tariff in 1789 and over fiscal policy and foreign affairs the excise tax on whiskey in 1791 6. ____ The French Revolution f. Aroused Jeffersonian Republican outrage at the Washington’s administration’s pro-British 7. ____ The danger of war with Britain policies 8. ____ Jay’s Treaty g. Created bitter divisions in America between anti- Revolution Federalists and pro-Revolution 9. ____ The XYZ Affair Republicans 10. ____ The Federalist fear of radical French h. Caused an undeclared war with France immigrants i. Led Washington to support Jay’s Treaty j. Caused passage of Alien Acts Putting Things in Order 1. _____ Revolutionary turmoil in France causes the U.S. president to urge Americans to stay out of foreign quarrels. 2. _____ Envoys sent to make peace in France are insulted by bribe demands from three mysterious French Agents 3. _____ First ten amendments to the Constitution are adopted 4. _____ Western farmers revolt against a Hamiltonian tax and are harshly suppressed. 5. _____ Jefferson organizes a political party in opposition to Hamilton’s financial policies.
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