Chinese New Year
I planned several classes for Chinese New Year, with different themes on each class.
I. Introduction of Chinese New Year
1. Tell students the traditional legend about the Chinese New Year.
The legend says, long ago, there was a monster called Nian. It was born to be very
ugly and ferocious, which looked like either dragons or unicorns. On the first and the
15th of each lunar month, the monster would come down from the mountains to hunt
people. So people were very much afraid of it and locked their doors early before
sunset on the days of its coming. There lived an old wise man in a village. He thought
it was the panic in people that made the monster so bold and furious. Thus the old
man asked people to organize together and to conquer the monster by means of
beating drums and gongs, burning bamboo, and lighting fireworks in purpose of
making large noises to threaten the hateful monster. When he told people about the
idea, everybody agreed on it. At a moonless and freezing cold night, the monster,
Nian, appeared again. The moment it opened its mouth at people, burst out the
frightening noises and fire made by people, and wherever the monster went, it was
forced to back off by the terrible noises. The monster couldn't stop running until he
fell down with exhaustion. Then people jumped up and killed the evil monster.
Savage as the monster was, he lost in the end under the efforts from the cooperation
of people. Since then, people have kept the tradition by beating drums and gongs, and
lighting fireworks at the coldest day in winter to drive the imagined monsters away
and to celebrate the victory over it. Today, Nian refers to the New Year's Day or the
Teach students the character for “year”. 年
2. Watch a video.
Show students a video about Chinese New Year. Before that, have students
divided into three or four groups. Stop the video from time to time and ask
questions about the video. Students have a team competition.
a. When is spring festival?
b. When does spring festival start and end?
c. What do people do on 24th?
d. After the clean-up, what do people do?
e. What paper cutting is the most popular one?
f. Why do people post Gate Gods?
g. What is the one thing people have to do whether educated or uneducated, rich
h. What does Spring Festival mean for Chinese people?
i. What is the most popular food in southern China during Spring Festival?
j. What is the most popular food in northern China during Spring Festival?
k. On New Year’s Eve, what do Chinese do to their relatives and friends to
express New Year’s blessings?
l. What do younger generations receive after paying New Year’s call?
Winners get gifts from teacher.
Students do the role-play to pay New Year’s call to each other.
4. Posters& Writing red couplets and red banners.
Students make posters about Chinese New Year.
Teach “福” and “恭喜发财”. Students practice writing red banners with brushes
and in ink.
II. Crafts for Chinese New Year
Teacher offer students some website links and students learn how to make crafts for
Chinese New Year, for example, they learn how to make a red envelope, how to make a
dragon puppet, how to make an ox, and how to make cardboard tube firecrackers.
Make a red pocket. 做红包。
Make a loong(龙，Chinese dragon).
or a loong puppet.
Make an ox. 牛
Make Cardboard Tube Red Firecrackers.
III. Online Games for Chinese New Year