Mayan Mathmatics

Document Sample

```					Mayan Mathematics
By Jodie Griesbach and
Corrine Bosse
Basics
   Instead of having the          The dots and bars are
base number 10, the             repeated as many times
Mayans used 20 as their         as needed to create the
base.                           desired number.
   They also wrote the            This made it easy to write
numbers upwards, as             very large numbers
opposed to left to right.       without having to
   The Mayans also used a          remember many symbols.
system of bars and dots
as characters in this
system.
Zero
   The Mayans developed a
symbol roughly equivalent
to our zero.
   Their use of this number is
similar to our use of 0 to
change 1 to 10. In other
words place notation gives
the zero its value in the
number.
   This symbol also stands for
completion when used in
their system of written
language, or hieroglyphics.
Symbols and Base System
Examples
Time
   Having a numerical system
like this also allowed the
Mayans to accurately record
time.
   The fairly simple system then
allowed them to divide the
recorded time evenly and
accurately.
   The Mayan calendar was so
mathematics and astronomy,
it was even more accurate
than our modern calendar.
Architecture
   More complicated mathematics contributed to their ability to construct
pyramids.
   The angle of the slopes and stairs were carefully calculated so that the
pyramids would be stable and survive weathering.
   Not only would they remain standing, mathematics were used to create
beautiful structures such as, ledges, staircases, and the dome design
that they used in their observatory.
Examples
Examples Continued
The Observatory Dome
The dome was created by evenly and
carefully staggering the small, irregular bricks
inward all the way to the top of the structure.
References

   http://mathforum.org/k12/mayan.math/mayan2.html
   http://www.cancunsteve.com/mayan.htm
    http://www-groups.dcs.st-
and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/Mayan_mathematics.html
   http://www.michielb.nl/maya/astro.html
   World Studies Center. The Maya Stela. Crimson, New
York. 1992
   Field Enterprises Educational Corp. The World Book
Encyclopedia. Chicago, Illinois. 1995