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Mayan Mathmatics

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Mayan Mathmatics Powered By Docstoc
					Mayan Mathematics
  By Jodie Griesbach and
       Corrine Bosse
                         Basics
   Instead of having the          The dots and bars are
    base number 10, the             repeated as many times
    Mayans used 20 as their         as needed to create the
    base.                           desired number.
   They also wrote the            This made it easy to write
    numbers upwards, as             very large numbers
    opposed to left to right.       without having to
   The Mayans also used a          remember many symbols.
    system of bars and dots
    as characters in this
    system.
                          Zero
   The Mayans developed a
    symbol roughly equivalent
    to our zero.
   Their use of this number is
    similar to our use of 0 to
    change 1 to 10. In other
    words place notation gives
    the zero its value in the
    number.
   This symbol also stands for
    completion when used in
    their system of written
    language, or hieroglyphics.
Symbols and Base System
Examples
                             Time
   Having a numerical system
    like this also allowed the
    Mayans to accurately record
    time.
   The fairly simple system then
    allowed them to divide the
    recorded time evenly and
    accurately.
   The Mayan calendar was so
    precise due to their advanced
    mathematics and astronomy,
    it was even more accurate
    than our modern calendar.
                         Architecture
   More complicated mathematics contributed to their ability to construct
    pyramids.
   The angle of the slopes and stairs were carefully calculated so that the
    pyramids would be stable and survive weathering.
   Not only would they remain standing, mathematics were used to create
    beautiful structures such as, ledges, staircases, and the dome design
    that they used in their observatory.
Examples
                   Examples Continued
The Observatory Dome
The dome was created by evenly and
carefully staggering the small, irregular bricks
inward all the way to the top of the structure.
                    References

   http://mathforum.org/k12/mayan.math/mayan2.html
   http://www.cancunsteve.com/mayan.htm
   http://www.crystalinks.com/mexico.html
    http://www-groups.dcs.st-
    and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/Mayan_mathematics.html
   http://www.michielb.nl/maya/astro.html
   World Studies Center. The Maya Stela. Crimson, New
    York. 1992
   Field Enterprises Educational Corp. The World Book
    Encyclopedia. Chicago, Illinois. 1995
   http://playadelcarmeninfo.com/playa-del-carmen-info-
    mayan-ruins-of-chichen-itza.html

				
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posted:11/28/2011
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