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Incarnation of Alice “How is a raven like a writing desk?” Lewis Carroll’s Story “What is the use of a book without pictures or conversation in it?” -Alice Through storytelling, Alice is placed in Dodgeson’s world. In both Adventure’s in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass, Alice enjoys the fantasy, and doesn’t necessarily desire reality. – Alice is awakened by her sister at the end of the tale. About the Original Texts: “so much of Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass is composed of private jokes and details of Victorian manners and mores that modern audiences are not likely to catch” -Martin Gardner Unlike past fairy tales for girls that illustrate responsible, moral lessons, Alice is a story of exploration, where the protagonist questions such ideology. – Carroll sought to challenge children's moralizing literature. However, Alice still contains adult appeal. Alice is the epitome of the Victorian child heroine, and her maturation in wonderland formulate an archetype with influence as strong as any other fairy tale. Alice is Immortal It is unlikely the Alice story and its themes will stop influencing pop culture and literature. Carroll’s oral tale will be reshaped into books, plays, films and video games. Although the story is massively popular, it will reach its level of highest popularity almost 100 years later. Some people find new ways of keeping Alice with them! Walt Disney’s Alice in Wonderland “But in my world, the books would be nothing but pictures.” -Alice Alice’s escape into her world of nonsense. Wonderland’s initial impression on Alice is romantic; however the nonsense quickly changes to madness. Alice attempts to awaken herself to escape the world. The exodus from wonderland is a creation of Disney. Disney’s Americanization of Alice Received harsh criticism from literary critics. Especially those of British origin. Carroll’s story was told to a child, then reconstructed for a large audience. Disney refocused the story for a family audience; however... The film animates themes often debated: – Hallucinogenic drug use (The Caterpillar) – The “trippy” art style makes Disney’s film an often debated drug Film. – Alice as a “Lolita” figure. Controversy Vlasimir Nabokov, Sir Thomas Dodgson author of 1955’s Lolita. (Lewis Carroll) Safe from Scrutiny As such a significant work of English literature, Alice is protected from negative scrutiny. Rather than be explored in a sexual manner, any sexual reference is typically pointed to similar works. – Example: – Alice’s growth and shrinking are not perceived to be sexual metaphors, and typically related to the similar experiences of Gulliver. However, the public has still taken liberties. Safe for children? Won’t somebody think of the children? The late sixties and early seventies will change how people think about cartoons again. Alice is one of the most infamous tales for changing from children’s tale to adult entertainment. Controversy inevitably ensues, as Alice changes forms many times over. Jan Svankmajer’s Alice “This is a story for children, but…” -Alice Alice narrates herself. A more depressed, helpless Alice. Alice awakens and decides to take charge. Svankmajer conjoins a surreal, dark world with wonderland. In this way, his wonderland is more like the real world. Animation as a Link Original text included illustrations by political cartoonist John Tenniel. Disney’s adaptation is fully animated in color. Alice utilizes puppets and stop motion to animate wonderland. Why does Alice demand so much praise? Alice, just like the female protagonists before her, is a powerful young female. – “For many, Alice is the epitome of the brave Victorian innocent in a confusing magical land.” Carroll’s tale dissects bourgeois society in similar satirical style to Gulliver’s Travels (Switft) and Micromegas (Voltaire). Being surrounded by controversy and praise simultaneously fueled the success of Carroll’s work. The fast paced, nonsense world was a realistic symbol to many of the rising second industrial revolution sweeping Europe. Impact of Alice Lewis Carroll’s characters and themes will be built on in the traditions of fairy tales in the past. America Mcgee’s Will Neo go through darker, older Alice. the looking glass? Impact of Alice cont… The Mad Hatter is a formidable enemy of DC comics Batman! David Wayne as The Mad A more homicidal image Hatter on TV’s Batman! from the comics. Impact of Alice cont… > > > ...?! The verbal expressions in Alice that have reached into the English language are surpassed only by the Bible and Shakespeare. – “Mad” like a hatter. – Playing with the queen of hearts. – Through the looking glass. Who is Alice? What is Wonderland? In Carroll’s work, Alice is a Carroll’s Wonderland is youth that question’s social composed satire of the adult standards. The nonsense world. expands her thoughts. – Serves to identify adulthood, Nearly one hundred years and the purpose of youth. later, Disney’s Alice realized Disney’s Wonderland is a the nonsense is something cartoon fantasy. to avoid. – Comparison of nonsense to When Svankmajer’s Alice is madness. forced to deal with this The Wonderland in Alice is an world, she concludes that amalgamation of things. she must take charge. – Adulthood, illusion (drug A young hero, maturing in induced?), death. different ways. In all cases, Wonderland is in sharp contrast to youth. Works Cited Alice (Neco z Alenky). By Jan Svankmajer. Dir Jan Svankmajer. Channel Four Films. 1988. Alice in Wonderland. By Ted Sears, Winston Hibler, et al. Dir. Clyde Geronimi, Wilfred Jackson and Hamilton Luske. Walt Disney Productions. 1951. The Internet Movie Database. 1990-2008. March 2008 www.imdb.com. http://movies.ign.com/articles/036/036660p1.html Brian Linder Carroll, Lewis., and Martin Gardner, ed. The Annotated Alice: The Definitive Edition. New York: W. W. Norton & Company; Upd Sub edition, 1999. ---. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass. New York: Barnes and Noble Classics, 2004. Rutledge, Amelia, et al. And Jack Zipes, ed. The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
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