Alice

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					      Incarnation of Alice




“How is a raven like a writing desk?”
Lewis Carroll’s Story

     “What is the use of a book without
      pictures or conversation in it?” -Alice
     Through storytelling, Alice is placed
      in Dodgeson’s world.
     In both Adventure’s in Wonderland
      and Through the Looking-Glass,
      Alice enjoys the fantasy, and doesn’t
      necessarily desire reality.
       –   Alice is awakened by her sister at
           the end of the tale.
About the Original Texts:

   “so much of Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass is
    composed of private jokes and details of Victorian manners and mores
    that modern audiences are not likely to catch” -Martin Gardner
   Unlike past fairy tales for girls that illustrate responsible, moral
    lessons, Alice is a story of exploration, where the protagonist
    questions such ideology.
     –   Carroll sought to challenge children's moralizing literature.
   However, Alice still contains adult appeal.
   Alice is the epitome of the Victorian child heroine, and her maturation
    in wonderland formulate an archetype with influence as strong as any
    other fairy tale.
Alice is Immortal

   It is unlikely the Alice story and its
    themes will stop influencing pop
    culture and literature.
   Carroll’s oral tale will be reshaped
    into books, plays, films and video
    games.
   Although the story is massively
    popular, it will reach its level of
    highest popularity almost 100 years
    later.

                                             Some people find new ways of keeping Alice with them!
Walt Disney’s Alice in Wonderland

    “But in my world, the books would
     be nothing but pictures.” -Alice
    Alice’s escape into her world of
     nonsense.
    Wonderland’s initial impression on
     Alice is romantic; however the
     nonsense quickly changes to
     madness.
    Alice attempts to awaken herself to
     escape the world. The exodus from
     wonderland is a creation of Disney.
    Disney’s Americanization of Alice
   Received harsh criticism from literary
    critics. Especially those of British origin.
   Carroll’s story was told to a child, then
    reconstructed for a large audience.
    Disney refocused the story for a family
    audience; however...
   The film animates themes often debated:
     –   Hallucinogenic drug use (The Caterpillar)
     –   The “trippy” art style makes Disney’s film
         an often debated drug Film.
     –   Alice as a “Lolita” figure.
Controversy




     Vlasimir Nabokov,        Sir Thomas Dodgson
   author of 1955’s Lolita.       (Lewis Carroll)
Safe from Scrutiny

   As such a significant work of English
    literature, Alice is protected from
    negative scrutiny.
   Rather than be explored in a sexual
    manner, any sexual reference is
    typically pointed to similar works.
     –   Example:
     –   Alice’s growth and shrinking are not
         perceived to be sexual metaphors,
         and typically related to the similar
         experiences of Gulliver.
   However, the public has still taken
    liberties.
Safe for children?

                                             Won’t somebody
                                               think of the
                                                children?




   The late sixties and early seventies will change how
    people think about cartoons again.
   Alice is one of the most infamous tales for changing from
    children’s tale to adult entertainment.
   Controversy inevitably ensues, as Alice changes forms
    many times over.
Jan Svankmajer’s Alice


    “This is a story for children,
     but…” -Alice
    Alice narrates herself.
    A more depressed, helpless
     Alice.
    Alice awakens and decides to
     take charge.
    Svankmajer conjoins a surreal,
     dark world with wonderland. In
     this way, his wonderland is
     more like the real world.
Animation as a Link




   Original text included illustrations by political cartoonist John Tenniel.
   Disney’s adaptation is fully animated in color.
   Alice utilizes puppets and stop motion to animate wonderland.
Why does Alice demand so much praise?

    Alice, just like the female protagonists before
     her, is a powerful young female.
      –   “For many, Alice is the epitome of the brave
          Victorian innocent in a confusing magical land.”
    Carroll’s tale dissects bourgeois society in similar
     satirical style to Gulliver’s Travels (Switft) and
     Micromegas (Voltaire).
    Being surrounded by controversy and praise
     simultaneously fueled the success of Carroll’s
     work.
    The fast paced, nonsense world was a realistic
     symbol to many of the rising second industrial
     revolution sweeping Europe.
Impact of Alice

  Lewis Carroll’s characters and themes will be built on in the
  traditions of fairy tales in the past.




  America Mcgee’s                          Will Neo go through
  darker, older Alice.                     the looking glass?
Impact of Alice               cont…


    The Mad Hatter is a formidable enemy of DC comics Batman!




  David Wayne as The Mad              A more homicidal image
  Hatter on TV’s Batman!              from the comics.
Impact of Alice cont…



                 >                    >             >              ...?!

   The verbal expressions in Alice that have reached into the English
    language are surpassed only by the Bible and Shakespeare.
     –   “Mad” like a hatter.
     –   Playing with the queen of hearts.
     –   Through the looking glass.
Who is Alice? What is Wonderland?

   In Carroll’s work, Alice is a       Carroll’s Wonderland is
    youth that question’s social         composed satire of the adult
    standards. The nonsense              world.
    expands her thoughts.                 –   Serves to identify adulthood,
   Nearly one hundred years                  and the purpose of youth.
    later, Disney’s Alice realized      Disney’s Wonderland is a
    the nonsense is something            cartoon fantasy.
    to avoid.                             –   Comparison of nonsense to
   When Svankmajer’s Alice is                madness.
    forced to deal with this            The Wonderland in Alice is an
    world, she concludes that            amalgamation of things.
    she must take charge.                 –   Adulthood, illusion (drug
   A young hero, maturing in                 induced?), death.
    different ways.                     In all cases, Wonderland is in
                                         sharp contrast to youth.
Works Cited

   Alice (Neco z Alenky). By Jan Svankmajer. Dir Jan Svankmajer. Channel Four Films. 1988.
   Alice in Wonderland. By Ted Sears, Winston Hibler, et al. Dir. Clyde Geronimi, Wilfred Jackson and
    Hamilton Luske. Walt Disney Productions. 1951.
   The Internet Movie Database. 1990-2008. March 2008 www.imdb.com.
   http://movies.ign.com/articles/036/036660p1.html Brian Linder
   Carroll, Lewis., and Martin Gardner, ed. The Annotated Alice: The Definitive Edition. New York: W. W.
    Norton & Company; Upd Sub edition, 1999.
   ---. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass. New York: Barnes and Noble
    Classics, 2004.
   Rutledge, Amelia, et al. And Jack Zipes, ed. The Oxford Companion to Fairy Tales. New York: Oxford
    University Press, 2000.

				
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posted:11/28/2011
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