LANGUAGE ARTS

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					            OWEN J. ROBERTS
             MIDDLE SCHOOL
Inspiring each student for success today and greatness tomorrow.




     Course Selection Guide

                        2011-2012
                       School Year


Dr. Robert Salladino, Jr.
Principal

Mrs. Lisa Jones
Assistant Principal



                                                      Revised 02/11
                 TABLE OF CONTENTS

Statement of Our Mission & Beliefs……………………………………………………….3

8th Grade Program of Instruction…………………………………………………………..4

Language Arts – 8th Grade…………………………………………………………...……5-7

Social Studies – 8th Grade……………………………………………………………...….8

American Studies………….…………………………………………………………....….9

Mathematics – 8th Grade………………………………………………………………….10-11

Science – 8th Grade………………………………………………………………………..12

World Language – 8th Grade……………………………………………………………..13-14

Electives – 8th Grade……………………………………………………………………....15-16

7th Grade Program of Instruction………………………………………………………....17

Language Arts – 7th Grade………………………………………………………………..18-20

Social Studies – 7th Grade………………………………………………………………...21

Mathematics – 7th Grade………………………………………………………………….22-24

Science – 7th Grade………………………………………………………………………...25

World Language – 7th Grade………………………………………………………………26

Electives – 7th Grade………………………………………………………………………27-28


Gifted Support…………………………...…………………………………………………29




                              2
        A STATEMENT OF CORE BELIEFS & VISION

The Owen J. Roberts Middle School, in partnership with the community, is committed to
serving the unique needs of emerging adolescents by promoting a culture which
balances academic excellence, social and emotional development, active life-long
learning, and responsible global citizenship. Our school strives to foster a culture of

pride – in both self and school. This concept of      PRIDE       serves as a beacon for the

core beliefs which we teach and reinforce throughout our middle level program.



                             ~PRIDE~
                  Promoting a caring environment
                            I will treat others as I wish to be treated.
                 I will be nonjudgmental of others’ opinions and differences.
                                   I will stand up for what is right.


                     Responsible for our learning
                                I will always put forth my best effort.
        I will contribute to a classroom environment that supports everyone’s learning.
                                  I will ask for help when I need it.


                        Interacting collaboratively
                      I will contribute positively toward a common goal.
                                I will value the input of my peers.
                             I will support the members of my team.


                Devoted to challenging our minds
                     I will persevere when my learning activities are difficult.
              I will work to my highest potential and not take the easy way out.
                     I will welcome new challenges and stretch my thinking.


                      Excellence in all that we do
                          I will set high and attainable goals for myself.
                 I will strive to produce quality work of which I can be proud.
                             I will work to make everyday a great day.




                                               3
                8th GRADE PROGRAM OF INSTRUCTION
                 CORE AREA REQUIRED COURSES – FULL YEAR
      Language Arts & Literature Links            9, 12, or 15 periods per cycle
      Mathematics                                 6 periods per cycle
      Physical Science                            6 periods per cycle
      American History                            6 periods per cycle

                               SPECIAL AREA ROTATION
      Health & Physical Education              3 periods per cycle – Full Year
      Applied Technology                       3 periods per cycle – Half Year
      Art                                      3 periods per cycle – Half Year

                                  ELECTIVE COURSES
Elective courses offer students an opportunity to explore new areas of interest or to
study a particular area in depth. Electives may also provide avenues to meet a child’s
specific needs. In the elective portion of the curriculum, courses are offered in the
following areas: world language, music, language arts, art, and physical education.

      World Language                         6 periods per cycle – Full Year
      French I – Part II, German I – Part II, Latin I – Part II, or Spanish I – Part II
      Spanish I – Part I
      Public Speaking                        3 periods per cycle – Half Year
      Exploratory Art 8                      3 periods per cycle – Half Year
      Fitness                                3 periods per cycle – Half Year
      Team Sports                            3 periods per cycle – Half Year
      Service & Leadership                   3 periods per cycle – Half Year

      Band                                   3 periods per cycle – Full Year
      Chorus                                 3 periods per cycle – Full Year
      Band & Chorus                          3 periods per cycle – Full Year
      Orchestra                              3 periods per cycle – Full Year
      Music Through the Ages                 3 periods per cycle – Half Year
   Note: Students are required to enroll in one music elective during their middle level
                        th   th
   experience – either 7 or 8 grade.


   Gifted education services will be provided to eligible students during designated
   regular education classes.
   Learning support students may be scheduled for additional periods of academic
   assistance 3 periods per cycle.


                                              4
                             LANGUAGE ARTS
Course Code: 0181 & 0881
Language Arts & Literature Links 8
These two thematically integrated courses develop the eighth grade student as a reader
and writer through a balanced literacy approach to learning, which incorporates specific
skills with instruction that improves students’ reading and writing. The program is
aligned with state standards for reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Each quarter,
students explore a variety of texts related to a specific theme. The themes are: mystery,
teen lives, tolerance/ Civil War, and survival. In Language Arts, which meets every day
in the six-day cycle, students read several genres, including fiction, nonfiction, essays
and poetry. They will examine literary devices, figurative language, and story structure.
In Literature Links, which meets three days in the six-day cycle, students continue the
thematic study with a choice of novels related to the theme, through which they practice
and apply specific reading strategies. Students then have the opportunity to apply their
understanding of literary elements and reading strategies to novels of their own choice.

Writing instruction in Language Arts focuses on four modes: narrative, persuasive,
multi-paragraph informational text, and research. Poetry will be written throughout the
units. Instruction in the functions of the English language is included. In Literature
Links, student writing focuses on responding to reading in a variety of modes.

Language Arts and Literature Links work collaboratively to develop our students’
vocabulary knowledge. Language Arts centers on vocabulary development, while
Literature Links investigates word etymology (word origins.)

Course Code: 0181 & 0880
Language Arts & Honors Literature Links 8
Students are assigned to this course based on specific data which indicates they are
consistently reading well above grade level. The course is structured in a similar
manner to the core class, with adaptations to meet the needs of our advanced-level
readers.

The Language Arts and Honors Literature Links courses develop the eighth grade
student as a reader and writer through a balanced literacy approach to learning, which
incorporates specific skills with instruction that improves students’ reading and writing.
The program is aligned with state standards for reading, writing, speaking, and listening.
Each quarter, students explore a variety of texts related to a specific theme. The themes
are: mystery, teen lives, tolerance/ Civil War, and survival. In Language Arts, which
meets every day in the six-day cycle, students read several genres, including fiction,
nonfiction, essays and poetry. They will examine literary devices, figurative language,
and story structure. In Honors Literature Links, which meets three days in the six-day
cycle, students continue the thematic study with a choice of novels related to the theme,
through which they practice and apply specific reading strategies. Students then have
the opportunity to apply their understanding of literary elements and reading strategies
to novels of their own choice.


                                            5
Writing instruction in Language Arts focuses on four modes: narrative, persuasive,
multi-paragraph informational text, and research. Poetry will be written throughout the
units. Instruction in the functions of the English language is included. In Literature Links,
student writing focuses on responding to reading in a variety of modes.

Language Arts and Literature Links work collaboratively to develop our students’
vocabulary knowledge. Language Arts centers on vocabulary development, while
Literature Links investigates word etymology (word origins).

Course Code: 0181 & 0885
Language Arts & Enrichment Literature Links 8
Students are assigned to this course based on specific data which indicates they would
benefit from additional assistance in reading. The course is structured in a similar
manner to the core class, with adaptations to meet the needs of these readers.

The Language Arts and Enrichment Literature Links courses develop the eighth grade
student as a reader and writer through a balanced literacy approach to learning, which
incorporates specific skills with instruction that improves students’ reading and writing.
The program is aligned with state standards for reading, writing, speaking, and listening.
Each quarter, students explore a variety of texts related to a specific theme. The themes
are: mystery, teen lives, tolerance/ Civil War, and survival. In Language Arts, which
meets every day in the six-day cycle, students read several genres, including fiction,
nonfiction, essays and poetry. They will examine literary devices, figurative language,
and story structure. In Enrichment Literature Links, which also meets every day in the
six-day cycle, students continue the thematic study with a choice of novels related to the
theme, through which they practice and apply specific reading strategies. Students then
have the opportunity to apply their understanding of literary elements and reading
strategies to novels of their own choice.

Writing instruction in Language Arts focuses on four modes: narrative, persuasive,
multi-paragraph informational text, and research. Poetry will be written throughout the
units. Instruction in the functions of the English language is included. In Literature
Links, student writing focuses on responding to reading in a variety of modes.

Language Arts and Literature Links work collaboratively to develop our students’
vocabulary knowledge. Language Arts centers on vocabulary development, while
Literature Links investigates word etymology (word origins).

Course Code: 0181 & 0889 (15 periods/cycle)
Language Arts & Enrichment Literature Links 8 and Reading Support
This course provides the Language Arts and Enrichment Literature Links as previously
described, but also offers students additional assistance and support in the area of
reading instruction. Students will receive intensive reading instruction based upon their
individual needs. Using scientifically, research-based materials, students will receive
instruction in the major components of reading, which include comprehension and
fluency.



                                              6
Course Code: 0185 (15 periods/cycle)
Direct Instruction Language Arts & Reading and Enrichment Literature Links 8
This course is designed to teach the eighth grade Language Arts and Literature Links
curriculums with modifications based upon a student’s Individualized Educational
Program. The student’s IEP team determines entrance into this class. This course will
be supplemented by a scientifically research-based program to support students in the
areas of reading and writing.

Course Code: 0183
English as a Second Language
ESL is a pull-out program based on each student’s individual need for instruction in the
English Language. Support classes also allow students to receive additional help in
their regular subjects.




                                           7
                              SOCIAL STUDIES

Course Code: 0281
Social Studies 8
This course is a study of the United States during the nineteenth century.
Chronologically, the course begins with a brief overview of the Revolutionary War and
concludes near the time of the Gilded Age and during the Second Industrial Revolution.
Major themes include the formation and development of our democratic political system,
the development of a national identity created from a diverse population, the territorial,
economic, and industrial development of the nation, along with the resulting social
issues that define the character of America. The social studies skill components include
the use of maps, charts, and graphs; the research process; reading for cause and
effect; distinguishing between fact and opinion; exploring differing perspectives; and the
development of critical thinking skills.




                                            8
                           AMERICAN STUDIES
The American Studies program satisfies the 8th grade course requirements in Language
Arts, Social Studies, and Literature Links.


Course Code: 0180, 0280, & 0880
Honors American Studies & Honors Literature Links 8
American Studies is an accelerated course that seeks to make meaningful
interdisciplinary connections between the Social Studies and Language Arts classes
throughout the year. The core eighth grade American history and Language Arts
standards will be taught in this class, but at an accelerated pace. In Honors Literature
Links, which meets three days in the six-day cycle, students continue the thematic study
of the language arts and social studies curricula with a choice of novels related to the
given themes. Through this work, students practice and apply specific reading
strategies. Students then have the opportunity to apply their understanding of literary
elements and reading strategies to novels of their own choice.

Above and beyond the regular eighth grade curricula, the American Studies program
will emphasize collaboration, communication, and problem-solving as skills that are
mandatory to succeed in our 21st-century world and economy. Students will be
immersed in the most up-to-date technology available, and will be expected to become
proficient and literate in the use of that technology. This will be a highly-challenging
course that is continually evolving to address the needs of the students.

Prerequisites: Final averages of 92% in both seventh grade Language Arts and Social
Studies classes and recommendations of both teachers. Other criteria such as a writing
sample may be utilized for course placement. The accelerated pace of the course and
work expectation will require students to be organized, highly motivated, and strong
readers, writers, and analytical thinkers.




                                           9
                                 MATHEMATICS
The Mathematics curriculum in the Owen J. Roberts School District follows a
progression of courses that carefully build upon one another. Movement from one
course to the next course in the sequence requires satisfactory mastery of the
applicable concepts and Pennsylvania Academic Standards.


                              Typical Course Sequence:

                 Grade 7                                   Grade 8
Accelerated Algebra I                     Accelerated Geometry
Algebra 1A                                Algebra 1B
Pre-Algebra                               Algebra 1A
Mathematics 7                             Pre-Algebra
Direct Instruction Mathematics            Direct Instruction Mathematics



Course Code: 0380
Accelerated Geometry
This high school level course examines the nature of Euclidean Geometry with an
emphasis on both inductive and deductive reasoning. Properties of geometric figures
will be developed and proven. Additional topics of exploration include parallelism,
congruence, similarity, area and volume, right triangle trigonometry, and coordinate
geometry. Students will be required to take the Keystone Exam in Geometry upon
completion of this course.

Prerequisites:  Final average of 85% in Accelerated Algebra I and teacher
recommendation.

Course Code: 0381
Algebra 1B
This course consists of the second half of a rigorous study of Algebra 1 and focuses on
preparing a foundation for further study in mathematics. Students will study systems of
linear equations, exponential functions, polynomials, and factoring. Quadratic, rational,
and radical functions will also be explored and studied. Students will use graphing
calculators to look more in depth at various functions. Students who successfully
complete this course and meet the stated prerequisites may enroll in Honors Geometry
in grade 9, followed by Honors Algebra II, Pre-calculus, and Calculus. Students will be
required to take the Keystone Exam in Algebra I upon completion of this course.




                                           10
Course Code: 0382
Algebra 1A
At this level, Algebra 1 will be taught over a two-year period. This course covers the first
portion of a traditional Algebra 1 course. In order to be successful, students must have a
firm understanding of pre-algebra, as well as a strong work ethic. Topics studied will
include tools of algebra (order of operations and basic properties with variables), solving
multi-step equations and inequalities, proportions and rate of change, functions with
tables and graphs, linear equations, and writing the equations of lines in different forms.
Students who successfully complete this course and meet the stated prerequisites may
enroll in Algebra 1B or Algebra 1 in grade 9, followed by Geometry, Algebra 2, and Pre-
Calculus.

Course Code: 0383
Pre-Algebra
This course is designed to prepare students for the study of Algebra I in the 9th grade.
Among the topics covered in this course are probability, statistics, number theory, and
various algebra concepts such as simplifying expressions and solving equations.
Students who successfully complete this course and meet the stated prerequisites may
enroll in Algebra 1 in grade 9, followed by Geometry, Algebra 2, and Pre-Calculus.

Course Code: 0385
Direct Instruction Mathematics
This course is designed for students who need more intensive instruction in
mathematics as determined by the IEP team. Students will work on many of the same
skills as students in the Pre-Algebra math course. The pace of the class will be
determined by individual student needs.

Course Code: 0386
Mathematics PLUS – 3 days per cycle
This course is designed for students who need support in mathematics beyond the core
class as determined by the IEP team. Using a scientifically research-based program,
students will receive targeted assistance.

Course Code: 0389
Mathematics Support – 3 days per cycle
Students enrolled in Mathematics Support will receive intensive mathematics instruction
based upon their individual needs. Using scientifically, research-based materials,
students will receive additional instruction in basic skills and concepts. Placement in this
class is determined by assessment data.




                                             11
                                    SCIENCE
Course Code: 0480
Honors Physical Science 8
Concepts of physical and chemical science will be integrated with mathematics as part
of this honors-level course. Students will conduct independent reading and research on
relevant topics. In addition to standard evaluative criteria, student assessment may
include individual and group discussion, oral presentations, written laboratory reports
and research, and an applied scientific research project utilizing technology.

Prerequisites: Final averages of 92% in Life Science, recommendation by the seventh
grade science teacher, and mastery of the following mathematics skills as documented
by the recommendation of the seventh grade mathematics teacher:

      Use formulas to solve various problems
      Determine rates of change
      Determine relations, write functions, and create graphs
      Use ratios, proportions, and percents to solve problems
      Determine probability of events (dependent and independent)
      Solve single, two-step, and multistep equations



Course Code: 0481
Physical Science 8
The course will explore physical and chemical science. Areas of study include energy,
matter, and the laws governing motion. Units of instruction are tied together with an
examination of the interactions between chemical and physical laws.




                                          12
                            WORLD LANGUAGE
Eligible students who began the formal study of a World Language in the 7th grade will
continue their study of that same language as 8 th grade students in part two of the
course. Eligible students who did not begin the study of a World Language in the 7th
grade may elect to enroll in Spanish I – Part I. This course is designed for students who
are new to the World Language program and does not represent an option for students
to switch from another language.
Please note: Students wishing to switch the language that they are studying may do so
in the ninth grade. Also, students who did not begin the study of a world language at the
Middle School may do so at the High School.



Course Code: 0681
French I – Part II
In this second year of a two-year French I course, students will continue developing the
linguistic skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Emphasis is placed upon
basic grammatical structures and vocabulary development. Cultural aspects of the
contemporary Francophone world are also featured.

Course Code: 0682
Latin I – Part II
In this second year of a two-year Latin I course, students will continue exploring the
development of Latin vocabulary, comprehension, and basic grammatical structure.
Students will also discuss mythology, culture, and the history and geography of Greece
and Rome.

Course Code: 0683
Spanish I – Part II
In this second year of a two-year Spanish I course, students will continue developing
the linguistic skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Emphasis is placed upon
basic grammatical structures and vocabulary development. Cultural aspects of the
contemporary Hispanic world are also featured.

Course Code: 0685
German I – Part II
In this second year of a two-year German I course, students will continue developing
the linguistic skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Emphasis is placed upon
basic grammatical structures and vocabulary development. Cultural aspects of the
contemporary German world are also featured.




                                            13
Course Code: 0684
Spanish I – Part I
In this introductory course, students will begin to focus on developing the linguistic skills
of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Emphasis is placed upon basic grammatical
structures and vocabulary development. Cultural aspects of the contemporary Hispanic
world are also featured. Students who successfully complete Spanish I – Part I at the
Middle School will continue in the World Language sequence by enrolling in Spanish IB
at the High School in the 9th grade. This course is being offered contingent upon
sufficient enrollment and staffing considerations.




                                             14
                                      ELECTIVES
All elective classes meet three times per cycle. Some elective courses run the full year,
while other courses run for half of the year.

Course Code: 0918
Band 8 – Full Year
Students enrolled in Band 8 meet in small groups during regularly scheduled class
periods, and also participate in full band sectionals as scheduled by the instructor. Each
school year begins with Marching Band in the summer and fall. Students in Band 8 are
required to participate in various concert events throughout the school year. Winter
concert music begins in October and spring concert music begins in January. Students
are assessed through performance, practice logs, and seating auditions.

Course Code: 0928
Chorus 8 – Full Year
Chorus 8 is a non-auditioned group that meets during regularly scheduled class periods.
Students also participate in sectionals as scheduled by the instructor. Students in
Chorus 8 learn to read music and how to sing using correct breath support and tone
quality. Students in Chorus 8 are required to participate in various concert events
throughout the school year.
Please Note – Students who wish to enroll in both Band 8 and Chorus 8 may do so during a
single block of three periods. Students who utilize this option will share time between the two
programs as arranged by the two instructors. Many students who already have a full schedule of
other classes and wish to participate in both programs will need to utilize this scheduling option.

Course Code: 0948
Orchestra – Full Year
Students enrolled in Orchestra meet in small groups during regularly scheduled class
periods, and also participate in sectionals as scheduled by the instructor. Students in
Orchestra are required to participate in various concert events throughout the school
year. Students are assessed through performance, practice logs, and seating auditions.

Course Code: 0783
Music Through the Ages – Half Year
This course introduces students to the history of music through thoughtful discussion,
playing instruments, and discovery. Students will be provided with an opportunity to
develop skills utilizing the piano keyboards. Students will work on appropriate music that
is self-paced and no prior instrumental experience is necessary.




                                                15
Course Code: 0188
Public Speaking – Half Year
Break free from the stress and anxiety that has been imprisoning the excellent
presenter inside of you! Grow to become a fearless speaker and learn to inform,
influence, and entertain listeners through a powerful collection of speeches, including
dramatic speaking of poetry, prose, declamation, improvisation, and persuasive
presentations. Enjoy the competition of impromptus and debates. Students who excel in
this exciting and interactive course are encouraged to participate in a public speaking
competition at the district, county, and state level. Participation in this competition is not
required.

Course Code: 0892
Exploratory Art 8 – Half Year
This course provides students with an opportunity to explore a variety of art forms in a
studio environment. Studio experiences help students learn the methods of producing
various art products, including drawings, paintings, sculpture, crafts, and jewelry in an
object-based learning framework. Artistic choices about subject matter, media, formal
qualities, personal signature, and technique are explored through open-ended
problems.

Course Code: 0580
Fitness – Half Year
This course will offer students the opportunity to participate in a variety of fitness
activities, including introduction to concepts of weight training, aerobic training, and
ultimately the creation of an individualized workout plan. The students will implement
their plans during the final portion of the course.

Course Code: 0581
Team Sports – Half Year
This course will provide students with an opportunity to be involved in a variety of
collaborative experiences throughout the school year. Activities will vary with the season
and may include handball, volleyball, basketball, floor hockey, softball, soccer, and flag
football. Students may enroll in this course in both the 7th and 8th grades.

Course Code: 0998
Service & Leadership – Half Year
This course will provide students with the opportunity to develop leadership, problem
solving, and communication skills through participation in a variety of energetic and
rewarding activities. Students will participate in debates, team-building activities, and
self-reflection projects. Each student will have the opportunity to design his/her own
community service project. Taking this course is guaranteed to empower students to
make a positive difference in their community.




                                             16
                7th GRADE PROGRAM OF INSTRUCTION
                 CORE AREA REQUIRED COURSES – FULL YEAR
      Language Arts & Literature Links            9, 12, or 15 periods per cycle
      Mathematics                                 6 periods per cycle
      Life Science                                6 periods per cycle
      Social Studies                              6 periods per cycle

                              SPECIAL AREA ROTATION
      Health & Physical Education                 3 periods per cycle – Full Year
      Exploring Technology                        3 periods per cycle – Half Year
      Family & Consumer Sciences                  3 periods per cycle – Half Year

                          ELECTIVE COURSES – FULL YEAR
Elective courses offer students an opportunity to explore new areas of interest or to
study a particular area in depth. Electives may also provide avenues to meet a child’s
specific needs. In the elective portion of the curriculum, courses are offered in the
following areas: world language, music, language arts, art, and physical education.

      World Language                      6 periods per cycle – Full Year
      French I – Part I, German I – Part I, Latin I – Part I, or Spanish I – Part I

      Drama                               3 periods per cycle – Half Year
      Exploratory Art 7                   3 periods per cycle – Half Year
      Team Sports                         3 periods per cycle – Half Year
      Fitness                             3 periods per cycle – Half Year
      Service & Leadership                3 periods per cycle – Half Year

      Band                                3 periods per cycle – Full Year
      Chorus                              3 periods per cycle – Full Year
      Band & Chorus                       3 periods per cycle – Full Year
      Orchestra                           3 periods per cycle – Full Year
      General Music                       3 periods per cycle – Half Year
   Note: Students are required to enroll in one music elective during their middle level
                        th   th
   experience – either 7 or 8 grade.



   Gifted education services will be provided to eligible students within designated
   regular education classes.
   Learning support students may be scheduled for additional periods of academic
   assistance 3 periods per cycle.


                                             17
                              LANGUAGE ARTS
Course Code: 0171 & 0871
Language Arts & Literature Links 7
These two thematically integrated courses develop the seventh grade student as a
reader and writer through a balanced literacy approach to learning, which incorporates
specific skills with instruction that improves students’ reading and writing. The program
is aligned with state standards for reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Each
quarter, students explore a variety of texts related to a specific theme. The themes are:
family, acceptance, choice and consequences, and heroes. In Language Arts, which
meets every day in the six-day cycle, students read several genres, including fiction,
nonfiction, essays and poetry. They will examine literary devices, figurative language,
and story structure. In Literature Links, which meets three days in the six-day cycle,
students continue the thematic study with a choice of novels related to the theme,
through which they practice and apply specific reading strategies. Students then have
the opportunity to apply their understanding of literary elements and reading strategies
to novels of their own choice.

Writing instruction in Language Arts focuses on four modes: narrative, persuasive,
multi-paragraph informational text, and research. Poetry will be written throughout the
units. Instruction in the functions of the English language is included. In Literature Links,
student writing focuses on responding to reading in a variety of modes.

Language Arts and Literature Links work collaboratively to develop our students’
vocabulary knowledge. Language Arts centers on vocabulary development, while
Literature Links investigates word etymology (word origins).


Course Code: 0171 & 0870
Language Arts & Honors Literature Links 7
Students are assigned to this course based on specific data which indicates they are
consistently reading well above grade level. The course is structured in a similar
manner to the core class, with adaptations to meet the needs of our advanced-level
readers.

The Language Arts and Honors Literature Links courses develop the seventh grade
student as a reader and writer through a balanced literacy approach to learning, which
incorporates specific skills with instruction that improves students’ reading and writing.
The program is aligned with state standards for reading, writing, speaking, and listening.
Each quarter, students explore a variety of texts related to a specific theme. The themes
are: family, acceptance, choice and consequences, and heroes. In Language Arts,
which meets every day in the six-day cycle, students read several genres, including
fiction, nonfiction, essays and poetry. They will examine literary devices, figurative
language, and story structure. In Honors Literature Links, which meets three days in the
six-day cycle, students continue the thematic study with a choice of novels related to the
theme, through which they practice and apply specific reading strategies. Students then


                                             18
have the opportunity to apply their understanding of literary elements and reading
strategies to novels of their own choice.

Writing instruction in Language Arts focuses on four modes: narrative, persuasive,
multi-paragraph informational text, and research. Poetry will be written throughout the
units. Instruction in the functions of the English language is included. In Literature Links,
student writing focuses on responding to reading in a variety of modes.

Language Arts and Literature Links work collaboratively to develop our students’
vocabulary knowledge. Language Arts centers on vocabulary development, while
Literature Links investigates word etymology (word origins).

Course Code: 0171 & 0875
Language Arts & Enrichment Literature Links 7
Students are assigned to this course based on specific data which indicates they would
benefit from additional assistance in reading. The course is structured in a similar
manner to the core class, with adaptations to meet the needs of these readers.

The Language Arts and Enrichment Literature Links courses develop the seventh grade
student as a reader and writer through a balanced literacy approach to learning, which
incorporates specific skills with instruction that improves students’ reading and writing.
The program is aligned with state standards for reading, writing, speaking, and listening.
Each quarter, students explore a variety of texts related to a specific theme. The themes
are: family, acceptance, choice and consequences, and heroes. In Language Arts,
which meets every day in the six-day cycle, they read several genres, including fiction,
nonfiction, essays and poetry. They will examine literary devices, figurative language,
and story structure. In Enrichment Literature Links, which also meets every day in the
six-day cycle, students continue the thematic study with a choice of novels related to the
theme, through which they practice and apply specific reading strategies. Students then
have the opportunity to apply their understanding of literary elements and reading
strategies to novels of their own choice.

Writing instruction in Language Arts focuses on four modes: narrative, persuasive,
multi-paragraph informational text, and research. Poetry will be written throughout the
units. Instruction in the functions of the English language is included. In Literature
Links, student writing focuses on responding to reading in a variety of modes.

Language Arts and Literature Links work collaboratively to develop our students’
vocabulary knowledge. Language Arts centers on vocabulary development, while
Literature Links investigates word etymology (word origins.)




                                             19
Course Code: 0171 & 0879 (15 periods/cycle)
Language Arts & Enrichment Literature Links 7 and Reading Support
This course provides the Language Arts and Enrichment Literature Links as previously
described, but also offers students additional assistance and support in the area of
reading instruction. Students will receive intensive reading instruction based upon their
individual needs. Using scientifically, research-based materials, students will receive
instruction in the major components of reading, which include comprehension and
fluency.

Course Code: 0175 (15 periods/cycle)
Direct Instruction Language Arts & Reading and Enrichment Literature Links 7
This course is designed to teach the seventh grade Language Arts and Literature Links
curriculums with modifications based upon a student’s Individualized Educational
Program. The student’s IEP team determines entrance into this class. This course will
be supplemented by a scientifically research-based program to support students in the
areas of reading and writing.
Course Code: 0173
English as a Second Language
ESL is a pull-out program based on each student’s individual need for instruction in the
English language. Support classes also allow students to receive additional help in their
regular subjects.




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                             SOCIAL STUDIES
Course Code: 0270
Honors Social Studies 7
This course will explore the content of the seventh grade social studies curriculum in
greater depth and detail and at a more rapid pace than the standard level course. The
four regional units of the Middle East, Indian Subcontinent, China, and Europe are
extended to include significant historical figures, current events, and problems in the
different areas of study. Technology is used to conduct independent and group research
and problem-based learning.

Prerequisites: Final average grade of 92% in sixth grade social studies and a
recommendation by the student’s sixth grade social studies teacher.

Course Code: 0271
Social Studies 7
With an emphasis on world cultures and geography, this regional studies course
includes four major units: Middle East, Indian Subcontinent, China, and Europe with a
focus on Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Within each unit of study, students will
experience the culture, geography, history, religions, economics, and government of the
indicated region. Student assessments include, but are not limited to projects, map
work, essays, reports, and presentations.




                                           21
                                 MATHEMATICS
The Mathematics curriculum in the Owen J. Roberts School District follows a
progression of courses that carefully build upon one another. Movement from one
course to the next course in the sequence requires satisfactory mastery of the
applicable concepts and Pennsylvania Academic Standards.


                              Typical Course Sequence:

                     Grade 7                              Grade 8
       Accelerated Algebra I                Accelerated Geometry
       Algebra IA                           Algebra IB
       Pre-algebra                          Algebra IA
       Direct Instruction Math              Direct Instruction Math



Course Code: 0370
Accelerated Algebra I
This honors level Algebra I class builds the foundation for all higher-level mathematics
classes. Students use tables, graphs, rules, and variables to describe linear, quadratic,
and exponential functions. Graphing calculators will be used to explore functions and
systems of equations.

Prerequisites for Accelerated Algebra I:
   1. A designated minimum qualifying score on selected diagnostic test(s) and/or
      assessments AND
   2. Final average of 94% or higher in mathematics during 6th grade year AND
   3. Advanced or High Proficient score on PSSA mathematics in grades 4 & 5 AND
   4. Score of 94% or higher on mid-year Everyday Mathematics assessment AND
   5. The recommendation of the 6th grade mathematics teacher.

Prerequisites for Accelerated Geometry in Grade 8:
   1. Final average of 85% or higher in Accelerated Algebra I AND
   2. The recommendation of the 7th grade mathematics teacher.

Students who complete Accelerated Algebra I, but do not meet the above stated criteria
will enroll in Algebra IB.




                                           22
Course Code: 0371
Algebra IA
At this level, Algebra I will be taught over a two-year period. This course covers the first
portion of a traditional Algebra I course. In order to be successful, students must have a
firm understanding of pre-algebra concepts, as well as a strong work ethic. Topics
studied will include tools of algebra (order of operations and basic properties with
variables), solving multiple step equations and inequalities, proportions and rate of
change, functions with tables and graphs, linear equations, and writing the equations of
lines in different forms.
Prerequisites:
   1. A designated minimum qualifying score on selected diagnostic test(s) and/or
      assessments AND
   2. Final average of 75% or higher in mathematics during 6th grade year AND
   3. Advanced or Proficient score on PSSA mathematics in grades 4 & 5 AND
   4. Score of 75% or higher on mid-year Everyday Mathematics assessment AND
   5. The recommendation of the 6th grade mathematics teacher.
Prerequisites for Algebra IB the following year:
   1. Final average of 85% or higher in Algebra IA AND
   2. The recommendation of the 7th grade mathematics teacher.

Course Code: 0372
Pre-Algebra
The pre-algebra class focuses on preparing students for the study of algebra beginning
in the 8th grade. Probability, statistics, number theory, and algebraic concepts (like
terms, powers, and equations) are covered in depth. Students will enroll in Algebra IA in
8th grade and Algebra IB or Algebra I (depending on student performance) in 9 th grade.

Course Code: 0375
Direct Instruction Mathematics
This course is designed for students who need more intensive instruction in
mathematics as determined by the IEP team. Students will work on many of the same
skills as students in the pre-algebra course. The pace of the class will be determined by
individual student needs.

Course Code: 0376
Mathematics PLUS – 3 days per cycle
This course is designed for students who need support in mathematics beyond the core
class as determined by the IEP team. Using a scientifically research-based program,
students will receive targeted assistance.




                                             23
Course Code: 0379
Mathematics Support – 3 days per cycle
Students enrolled in Mathematics Support will receive intensive mathematics instruction
based upon their individual needs. Using scientifically, research-based materials,
students will receive additional instruction in basic skills and concepts. Placement in this
class is determined by current and available assessment data.




                                             24
                                     SCIENCE
Course Code: 0470
Honors Life Science
This honors-level course addresses the content of the standard Life Science class in
greater depth and detail. Students engage in a variety of investigative techniques and
curriculum-based technology applications. The course is also enriched with genetics
activities, student-created technology presentations, and environmental investigations.

Prerequisites: Final test average of 92% in sixth grade Science, recommendation of the
6th grade science teacher, and mastery of the following mathematics skills as
documented by the recommendation of the sixth grade mathematics teacher:

       Ratios and proportions
       Graphing
       Measurement
       Basic probability
       Solving one and two-step equations
.

Course Code: 0471
Life Science
This course begins with the study of the nature of living things and continues into a
comprehensive study of cells, tissues, and organ systems. In addition to surveying the
five kingdoms of living organisms, students will consider current environmental topics
and issues, as well as complete laboratory activities, projects, and investigative studies
that will provide a hands-on approach to learning about our living world.




                                            25
                            WORLD LANGUAGE
Eligible students may begin the formal study of a World Language in the 7 th grade.
Students will complete the level one course in the designated language in two parts –
Part I in grade 7 and Part II in grade 8. Students beginning a world language in the 7 th
grade are making a two-year commitment to that language. Students who are not yet
ready to begin a world language in the 7th grade will have the opportunity to do so at the
8th grade level or high school level.

Course Code: 0671
French I – Part I
In the first half of this two-year French course, students will begin to focus on
developing the linguistic skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Emphasis is
placed upon basic grammatical structures and vocabulary development. Cultural
aspects of the contemporary Francophone world are also featured.

Course Code: 0672
Latin I – Part I
In the first half of this two-year Latin course, students will begin to explore the
development of basic Latin vocabulary, comprehension, and grammatical structure.
Students will also discuss mythology, culture, and the history and geography of Greece
and Rome.

Course Code: 0673
Spanish I – Part I
In the first half of this two-year Spanish course, students will begin to focus on
developing the linguistic skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Emphasis is
placed upon basic grammatical structures and vocabulary development. Cultural
aspects of the contemporary Hispanic world are also featured.

Course Code: 0674
German I – Part I
In the first half of this two-year German course, students will begin to focus on
developing the linguistic skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Emphasis is
placed upon basic grammatical structures and vocabulary development. Cultural
aspects of the contemporary German world are also featured.




                                            26
                                      ELECTIVES
 All elective classes meet three times per cycle. Some elective courses run the full year,
while other courses run for half of the year.


Course Code: 0917
Band 7 – Full Year
Students enrolled in Band 7 meet in small groups during regularly scheduled class
periods, and also participate in full band sectionals as scheduled by the instructor. Each
school year begins with Marching Band in the summer and fall. Students in Band 7 are
required to participate in various concert events throughout the school year. Winter
concert music begins in October and spring concert music begins in January. Students
are assessed through performance, practice logs, and seating auditions.

Course Code: 0927
Chorus 7 – Full Year
Chorus 7 is a non-auditioned group that meets during regularly scheduled class periods.
Students also participate in sectionals as scheduled by the instructor. Students in
Chorus 7 learn to read music and how to sing using correct breath support and tone
quality. Students in Chorus 7 are required to participate in various concert events
throughout the school year.
Please Note – Students who wish to enroll in both Band 7 and Chorus 7 may do so during a
single block of three periods. Students who utilize this option will share time between the two
programs as arranged by the two instructors. Many students who already have a full schedule of
other classes and, who wish to participate in both programs, will need to utilize this scheduling
option.

Course Code: 0948
Orchestra – Full Year
Students enrolled in Orchestra meet in small groups during regularly scheduled class
periods, and also participate in sectionals as scheduled by the instructor. Students in
Orchestra are required to participate in various concert events throughout the school
year. Students are assessed through performance, practice logs, and seating auditions.

Course Code: 0783
Music Through the Ages – Half Year
This course introduces students to the history of music through thoughtful discussion,
playing instruments, and discovery. Students will be provided with an opportunity to
develop skills utilizing the piano keyboards. Students will work on appropriate music that
is self-paced and no prior instrumental experience is necessary.




                                               27
Course Code: 0178
Drama – Half Year
This course will be an introduction to dramatic arts. Students will study a variety of plays
from different genres, time periods, and countries. Students will examine theatre
through acting, history, set and costume design, organization and management, and
production. Theatre games and acting exercises will balance out the study of play texts
and various periods in theatrical history, as well as aspects of production. No previous
experience in acting or theatre is required. Students who enroll in this course are
encouraged (but not required) to work on the annual Middle School theatre production
in some capacity.

Course Code: 0893
Exploratory Art 7 – Half Year
This course provides students with an opportunity to explore a variety of art forms in a
studio environment. Studio experiences help students learn the methods of producing
various art products, including drawings, paintings, sculpture, crafts, and jewelry in an
object-based learning framework. Artistic choices about subject matter, media, formal
qualities, personal signature, and technique are explored through open-ended
problems.

Course Code: 0570
Fitness – Half Year
This course provides students with an additional opportunity to utilize the fitness
equipment that they first explore in Health & Physical Education. Students will be
introduced to heart rate monitors and pedometers in order to help track their levels of
fitness. Available equipment includes treadmills, exercise bicycles, ladders, dot mats,
stair steppers, slide trainers, plyometric boxes, jump ropes, Dance-Dance-Revolution,
and more. Students may enroll in this course in both the 7 th and 8th grades.

Course Code: 0571
Team Sports – Half Year
This course will provide students with an opportunity to be involved in a variety of
collaborative experiences throughout the school year. Activities will vary with the season
and may include handball, volleyball, basketball, floor hockey, softball, soccer, and flag
football. Students may enroll in this course in both the 7th and 8th grades.

Course Code: 0997
Service & Leadership – Half Year
This course will provide students with the opportunity to develop leadership, problem
solving, and communication skills through participation in a variety of energetic and
rewarding activities. Students will take part in debates, team-building activities, and self-
reflection projects. Each student will have the opportunity to design their own
community service project and volunteer to help others. Taking this course is
guaranteed to empower students to make a positive difference in their community.




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                              GIFTED SUPPORT
Students receiving Gifted Support services via a GIEP (Gifted Individualized Education
Plan) will be supported in their regular classrooms to ensure specially designed
instruction is relevant to their current learning and to provide those students with levels
of challenge that are appropriate for their continued growth. Supports include adapted
assignments/rubrics and enrichment that provide differentiated instruction but not “extra
work”. The ATP teacher consults with the regular education teachers, as well as
students, to craft activities suited to individual needs and interests.

GIEP meetings are held annually in order to review and refine the program for each
student who is receiving gifted support. Parents of 7th grade students will be contacted
at the start of the school year to arrange a time for the GIEP meeting and to review the
gifted support program.




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