Inspire to learn.
Every day across Ontario, teachers
experience the joy of seeing students’ faces
brighten with the thrill of learning. To be a
teacher means to be a role model who meets
the expectations of parents and the public.
Teachers inspire our children inside and
outside the classroom. This year, the Ontario
College of Teachers is sharing the advice and
wisdom of exemplary teachers we’ve featured
in our magazine, Professionally Speaking.
We’ve woven their inspiring words throughout
this handbook to dovetail with our theme.
Table of Contents
1 Welcome from the Chair and Registrar
5 Your Membership at a Glance
6 Your College at a Glance
9 Our Commitment
Who We Are and What We Do
17 Your College is Green
21 Professional Standards
Foundations of Professional Practice
31 Teacher Education
rofessional Advisory on
Additional Qualifications: Extending
49 College Membership
63 Professional Designation
66 Investigations and Hearings
Complaints, Investigations and Hearings
rofessional Advisory on Sexual Abuse
and Professional Misconduct
83 011 Council Members and
85 Contact the College
“ ou chose a profession
that will give you many
opportunities to make a
difference in the lives
of your students.”
Welcome from the Chair
Welcome to teaching in Ontario and
to the Ontario College of Teachers.
If you just graduated, you probably can’t
wait to greet your first class, help your
students achieve and invite them to think
big as they embark on a new project.
If you have taught outside Ontario, I am sure Professionally Speaking over the years. Their
that you are ready and eager to contribute your comments are woven through this handbook.
skills, knowledge and expertise to Ontario
schools and ignite your students’ learning. I believe the unique professional knowledge and
skills of teachers are founded on mastering
That’s why Inspire to Learn is the theme for theory and applying it effectively in the class-
this handbook. You chose a profession that room to benefit our students. That mastery is
will give you many opportunities to make a what being an Ontario Certified Teacher (OCT)
difference in the lives of your students. is all about.
Whether by awakening the mind of a child
who is writing his name for the very first time I am pleased that Ontario teachers like us have a
or attending to the unique talent of a teenage professional designation we can use. The OCT
artist, a teacher helps students navigate designation – our designation – tells our students,
through everyday challenges. their parents and the public that we are guided
by ethical standards and standards of practice.
As teachers, we bring to our classrooms the care,
respect, trust and integrity to inspire our students Your first year of teaching in Ontario will be a
to learn and help them realize their full potential. challenging and rewarding one, and I wish you
We guide them with insight and compassion. much success.
It is common to feel somewhat uneasy as you
enter your new profession. Don’t be. If you
remain true to yourself, you will enjoy great
success. And to help smooth the way, we’ve
Liz Papadopoulos, OCT
provided advice and wisdom from exemplary
teachers we’ve featured in our magazine
W E LC O M E F R O M T H E C H A I R 1
“ ou demonstrate care
and compassion. You
act with integrity and
with students based
on mutual respect.
You are a role model.”
Welcome from the Registrar
Welcome to the Ontario College of
Teachers, home to a community of
professionals who combine specialized
knowledge and skills with a love for
learning and teaching.
I am delighted that such highly educated and During my 20 years as an educator, I’ve learned
talented people like you, with your gift for inspiring that teaching, more than anything else, is about
children, are joining our teaching profession. It is establishing and maintaining relationships.
teachers like you who inspire public confidence These relationships are primarily with students
in our profession. How do you do this? but also with colleagues, parents and the school
community. The key is to have relationships
You demonstrate care and compassion. You based on care, trust, respect and integrity.
act with integrity and establish relationships
with students based on mutual respect. We believe the concept of relationships extends
You are a role model. to the College. We look forward to building that
relationship with you and welcome your feedback
We need you to help students set goals and and participation in College initiatives.
then to watch with pride as they surpass them.
I encourage you to take the time to browse
Our theme for this handbook is Inspire to Learn, through this comprehensive handbook. You’ll
because teachers inspire our children inside and find it contains helpful and practical information
outside the classroom. They open minds in the about the College and the benefits and services
classroom and extend student learning by we offer. If you read just one College publication,
supporting students on the playing field, on the this would be an excellent choice.
basketball court, on the stage of the school
drama production or on an excursion into the Congratulations on joining the ranks of the
local community. dedicated and talented group of teachers in
Ontario. It’s good to have you with us.
They are committed to helping students develop
their minds, their capacity for self-expression and We are proud of you and your commitment to
their desire to be the best they can be. Our students. Your capacity to motivate students and
members invite children into a world of exciting inspire them is … well, inspiring!
learning experiences, encourage independent
thought, and help develop their students’ skills
and ability to apply knowledge and learning that
will help shape their lives and communities.
Michael Salvatori, OCT
Registrar and Chief Executive Officer
W E LC O M E F R O M T H E R E G I ST R A R 3
Inspire to Learn
“ n my interview with the Toronto DSB,
they asked me why I wanted to make
the career change (from engineer to
teacher). I said, ‘I don’t want to build
car parts, I want to build lives.’ And
as cheesy as it sounds, it is true.”
Vernon Kee, OCT
Your Membership at a Glance
Member discounts You can also receive the College’s electronic
Show your Ontario Certified Teacher (OCT) card newsletter, Your College and You. It gives you
and get great discounts on hotels, cars, trips, early access to new developments in the
computers, books, school supplies and even real activities of the College and the profession.
estate agents’ fees! You can receive discounts
at sporting events, like Toronto Maple Leafs Update your e-mail address
hockey games, attractions and stores Have you updated your e-mail address on the
throughout Ontario by showing your OCT card College web site? An up-to-date address allows
or by asking when you order over the phone. us to send you the latest College and professional
news that may affect you as a teacher in Ontario.
Be sure to carry your card with you and ask And if you keep your e-mail address current, we
wherever you go – even at venues around the can also send you an e-mail every time your
world – if they will give you an Ontario Certified Certificate of Qualification and Registration is
Teacher discount. For a complete list of updated with additional qualifications. See
discounts, go to www.oct.ca and click on OCT page 51 for step-by-step instructions.
Discounts on the right side of the home page.
Tell us about changes
Register in the Members’ Area For the College to maintain accurate and current
You can find up-to-date information about records, it is essential that you inform us about
College affairs on our web site at www.oct.ca, changes to your personal information or
where you can also open a personal password- qualifications. College bylaws require that you
protected account in the Members’ Area. notify the College – within 30 days – of any
Instructions begin on page 50. change of information, such as an address or
name change. The name you are practising under
When you activate or establish your account in must be the same name that appears on the
the Members’ Area, you gain secure access to a College’s register Find a Teacher. Step-by-step
range of growing services that will help you instructions are available on page 53.
maintain and track information important to your
membership in the College. You can print your Need-to-know news
updated Certificate of Qualification and To participate in the College’s activities and to
Registration, see your member profile page, learn more about interesting initiatives in our
print a tax receipt or inform the College of any profession, turn to the College’s award-winning
change to your home address and other quarterly magazine, Professionally Speaking,
personal information. where you will find inspiring stories from your
colleagues across the province, useful articles
and resources, and news about changes to
Y O u R M E M B E R S H I P AT A G L A n C E 5
Your College at a Glance
What is the mandate of the How does the College fulfill its
Ontario College of Teachers? duty to serve and protect the
The College was established in 1997 public interest?
to allow Ontario teachers to regulate Through the College, Ontario’s teaching
and govern their own profession in the profession works to ensure that qualified
public interest. The College sets ethical and committed teachers provide quality
standards and standards of practice, teaching to our students. The College is
issues teaching certificates and may accountable for how it carries out its
suspend or revoke them. We accredit responsibilities.
teacher education programs and courses,
and investigate and hear complaints For example, on the College web site, the
about individual members. We are also public can view a register of all our mem-
mandated to communicate with the bers that includes their qualifications and
public on behalf of the profession, which credentials. Disciplinary hearings are
we do primarily through our web site open to the public, and a summary of
at www.oct.ca. hearing decisions is published in the
College magazine and on our web site.
How are we governed?
The College is governed by a Council of
Need more info?
To learn more go to www.oct.ca. 37 members, 23 of whom are members
of the College elected by their peers for
The College relies on the
involvement and input of
its members and education
partners in its work to
continuously improve the
6 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 10 teaching profession.
Your College at a Glance
Elected members represent the English Our members work in publicly funded
public, English Catholic, French public, schools, faculties of education, the Ministry
French Catholic, elementary and second- of Education, teachers’ federations, the
ary school systems in all regions of the College, independent schools, First Nations
province. Four elected members repre- schools and many other institutions that
sent principal/vice-principal, supervisory provide education opportunities for teach-
officer, faculty of education and private ers and their students in Ontario, as well as
school positions. in other parts of Canada and around the
world. The College membership reached
The other 14 members of Council are 229,000 in 2010.
In a survey of members on appointed by the provincial government
their attitudes to teaching,
our members reported that
for terms of up to three years. The Council What services do we offer you?
they remain motivated and meets at least four times a year to develop The College offers its members and the
committed to mentoring
and approve policies. public a wide range of resources on job
and inspiring young people
despite the challenges facing opportunities, teaching and education on
the teaching profession today. Who are our members? its web site, through the Margaret Wilson
The majority of College members are Library and in our quarterly magazine,
classroom teachers, but vice-principals, Professionally Speaking.
principals, supervisory officers and direc-
tors of education must also be certified Learn more about the College’s popular
teachers to hold the positions they do. Find an AQ online search tool. You will
find various services we offer throughout
The majority of College members are classroom teachers,
but vice-principals, principals, supervisory officers and
directors of education are also certified teachers who begin
their careers in the classroom.
Y O u R C O L L E G E AT A G L A n C E 7
Inspire to Learn
“ earning is a lifelong process that
sometimes requires several attempts
before success is met. What’s
important is to make every victory
a special and unique moment!”
Chantal Bertrand, OCT
Teachers share with the public a strong
commitment to providing the best
education possible for Ontario children.
The College was established to act on
behalf of the teaching profession in
fulfilling that commitment. The College
operates in an open and accountable
manner to promote public trust and
confidence in the teaching profession.
P u B L I C A C C O u n TA B I L I T Y 9
Who We Are and What We Do
During the course of your career, you Public accountability Our goal is
will often hear and read that the College An important element of self-regulation to help ensure
regulates the teaching profession in the for the profession is public accountability. that students
public interest. The College operates in an open and in Ontario
accountable manner in order to build and schools are
Self-regulation means that the government maintain public confidence in the work taught by
has delegated its regulatory functions to that it does. Accountability means that highly skilled,
those who have the specialized knowledge College activities are transparent to the certified
necessary to do the job. public and information is easily accessible. teachers
The granting of self-regulation is an Students, parents, teachers and the the highest
acknowledgement by the legislature that public all benefit from a publicly standards.
teaching is a profession whose members accountable profession.
are capable of governing themselves.
Find a Teacher section
Our goal is to help ensure that students of the web site
in Ontario schools are taught by highly An Ontario teaching certificate is, in
skilled, certified teachers practising to the effect, a licence to teach in Ontario.
highest standards. The profession must The College issues teaching certificates
also be prepared to uphold its standards under powers delegated to it by the
and deal with issues of member incompe- Ontario legislature, so your qualifications
tence, incapacity or misconduct. and the fact that you hold a teaching
certificate are matters of public record.
The teaching profession, through its
College, sets the requirements for entering The Ontario College of Teachers Act
teaching, develops and maintains ethical requires that the College maintain a
standards and standards of practice, and public register of its members.
accredits teacher education programs and Need more info?
courses to ensure consistent high quality Find a Teacher, available online, To learn more go to
in the preparation of teachers. provides information on your status www.oct.ca.
and qualifications as a teacher, and
We operate in an open and accountable is an important part of the teaching
manner, which means that we communi- profession’s commitment to openness
cate with the public about what we do and and public accountability.
how our work supports public education.
This approach builds public trust in the
profession and the important role it plays
in the education of Ontario students.
10 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 11
The accessibility of the Find a Teacher A member may request of the College’s
link benefits our members in a number of Registrar that a different name appear on
ways. If you need to show proof of your the register or that a former name be
qualifications for employment purposes, deleted under exceptional circumstances,
for example, you can refer potential such as personal safety. The Registrar may
employers to the Find a Teacher section require supporting documentation with
on the College web site. the request.
The College’s annual
report is one of the
ways in which we Find a Teacher does not include personal Annual report
fulfill our commitment information, such as address or phone Legislation requires the College to report
to be accountable to
the public. number. It provides the following annually to the legislature about its activi-
information about each College member: ties. The College uses this opportunity to
• name and registration number produce an annual report that provides a
• type of certificate held wealth of statistical information about the
• date certificate was issued and expiry Ontario teaching profession. A wide variety
date, if applicable of policy-makers, media, academics, schools
• notification of completion of the and other education organizations look to
New Teacher Induction Program the College for key information about
• Basic and Additional Qualifications Ontario certified teachers.
• where and when degrees and teacher
education programs were completed We have published the annual report
• whether a member is in good standing, online since 2008 to reduce our environ-
whether a member has retired or mental impact and enhance accessibility
resigned, whether a certificate has to a fuller range of statistical information
been revoked or suspended about the Ontario teaching profession.
• whether a member is subject to an
order of the Discipline or Fitness to Annual reports dating from 1997
Practise committees or appealing an are available online at www.oct.ca g
order of either committee Publications.
• any terms, conditions or limitations
placed on a certificate.
The public register has been available to
members of the profession and the public
since the College was established in 1997.
O u R C O M M I T M E n T 11
Discipline decisions • develop, establish and maintain
For the public, one of the College’s most qualifications for membership in
important functions is its responsibility the College
to address complaints about individual • accredit professional teacher education
members. The College is committed to programs offered by postsecondary
providing fair and impartial treatment for educational institutions in Ontario
its members while carrying out its duty to • accredit ongoing education programs
protect Ontario students and the integrity for teachers offered by postsecondary
of the profession. educational institutions and other
bodies in Ontario
It is very important to the public’s trust • issue, renew, amend, suspend, cancel,
in our profession that information about revoke and reinstate Certificates of
this process is easily available. Qualification and Registration
• provide for the ongoing education of
Disciplinary hearings are open to the members of the College
public and their outcome is published in • establish and enforce ethical standards A self-regulatory
Professionally Speaking and on our web and professional standards applicable body carries
site. Any disciplinary action taken against to members of the College out its mandate
a member is posted to the member’s • receive and investigate complaints in a transparent
record in the Find a Teacher section of the against members of the College and and accountable
web site. Copies of discipline decisions deal with discipline and fitness to manner to
from hearings that are held in public are practise issues maintain public
available from the College’s Margaret • develop, provide and accredit confidence.
Wilson Library at firstname.lastname@example.org. educational programs leading to
certificates of qualification additional
College mandate to the certificate required for
A self-regulatory body carries out its membership, including but not limited
mandate in a transparent and accountable to certificates of qualification for
manner to maintain public confidence in supervisory officers, and issue, renew,
the regulation of the profession in the amend, suspend, cancel, revoke and
public interest. reinstate such additional certificates
• communicate with the public on behalf
The College’s authority is contained in the of the members of the College
Ontario College of Teachers Act, which was • perform such additional functions as
approved by the Ontario Legislature in are prescribed by the regulations.
1996. The College is mandated to:
• regulate the profession of teaching
and govern its members
The College Council develops and approves policies for
12 M E M B E Rof the n D B O O Kprofession.
the regulation ’ S H A teaching 2 0 1 1
Council and committee You can read summaries of Council meet-
responsibilities ings in the Governing Ourselves pages of
The College Council develops and Professionally Speaking.
approves policies for the regulation
of the teaching profession through its Organizational structure
committee work (see page 14). The College Registrar, as chief executive
officer, manages the business of the College.
The Council is made up of Ontario certi- The Registrar is responsible for issuing
fied teachers elected by College members certificates and maintaining the register of
from among the membership and public members, and may also suspend members
members appointed by the provincial for non-payment of fees and appoint
government, some of whom have wide investigators to look into complaints against
experience in the education sector. members. The Finance Unit, headed by the
College Controller, is part of the office of
The Council meets at least four times a the Registrar.
year, and meetings are open to the public.
Council minutes, once approved, are posted Four departments provide services to
on the College web site. members and support the work of the
Council committees under the leadership
of the Registrar’s office.
Office of the Registrar
Corporate and Council Membership Services Investigations and Standards of Practice and
Services Department Department Hearings Department Accreditation Department
Standards of Practice
Administration Membership Records Intake and Hearings
Communications Evaluation Services Investigations Accreditation
External Relations Client Services
Policy and Research
O u R C O M M I T M E n T 13
Council Committees Responsibilities
Executive Conducts College business between
Investigation Investigates complaints regarding members
Discipline Conducts hearings and deals with allegations
of professional misconduct and incompetence
Fitness to Practise Conducts hearings and deals
with issues of incapacity
Registration Appeals Reviews appeals from applicants
Standards of Practice and Education Develops standards of practice and ethical
standards for the teaching profession
Accreditation Reviews and accredits programs of
professional education recorded on
Certificates of Qualification and Registration
Accreditation Appeals Reviews appeals to accreditation decisions
from teacher education providers
Finance Oversees the financial affairs of
the College and acts as the audit committee
Election Supervises the election of the Council
Nomination Prepares a slate of candidates
for membership on the various
Quality Assurance Assesses the performance of the College
in relation to its mandate
Editorial Board Oversees the publication of
Human Resources Develops human resources policies
Steering Facilitates the movement of materials and motions
from the Executive Committee to Council
14 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
The College bylaws set out the adminis- • describe the contents of the College
trative procedures of the College and register, determine what information
provide direction for implementing policy. members must provide, what informa-
tion must be retained and what can
Responsibilities be removed.
Need more info? The bylaws include a number of sections
About the College g
that affect members directly. The bylaws: Current bylaws are on the College web
College Bylaws • set out ethical standards and site at www.oct.ca g About the College g
standards of practice for members College Bylaws. The bylaws are updated
of the profession on the College web site whenever they are
• require written notification within amended by Council.
30 days from a member of any change
of information, such as address or Public Interest Committee
name change A three-person Public Interest Committee
• set out the annual membership is appointed by the provincial government
and other fees to advise Council regarding its duty to
• require that the College publication, serve and protect the public interest in
Professionally Speaking, be distributed carrying out the College’s objectives.
to all members
Teachers challenge their
students’ minds and
thought. We teach the
joy of overcoming a
challenge rather than being
overwhelmed by it. O u R C O M M I T M E n T 15
Inspire to Learn
“ n my class, these young people
become part of a group, and they feel
welcome and connected. That makes
a big difference, and it doesn’t take
long for them to fully engage in school
and learning a new language. It’s a
fabulous transformation for most of
Muriel Sawyer, OCT
Your College is Green
The College is committed to the
environment and sustainable development.
Energy efficiency is a major feature of
our building, and even our membership
cards are biodegradable. We are seeking
Leadership in Energy and Environmental
P u B L I C A C C O u n T A B I L I T Y 17
Your College is Green
Welcome to a greener and smarter The College moved to a new, permanent
Ontario College of Teachers. Improving home in November 2010 and members now
the environmental footprint of our have equity in a prime Toronto property.
building is a high priority. Council unanimously approved the
purchase of majority interest – eight floors
Energy efficiency is a key feature and – in a building at 101 Bloor Street West –
dovetails with our commitment to one block west of Bay – in the heart of
sustainable development. To demonstrate Toronto’s downtown core.
our dedication to a more eco-friendly
workplace, the College is working toward The location is central to Queen’s Park,
LEED (Leadership in Energy and education stakeholder organizations and
Environmental Design) certification. to staff, College members, applicants
and members of the public. The College
receives more than 1,700 walk-in visitors
new home is
e distance of
Bloor Street Ea
Bloor Street W
St. Thomas Stre
101 Bloor Stre
Charles Street Charles Street
18 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Energy efficient and eco-friendly The College’s electricity will come from
The College focused on reducing energy renewable energy sources only. Wireless
and water consumption, as well as operat- solutions have been used to reduce desk
ing costs, during significant renovations and computer cabling.
is a key feature
after the College took possession last year.
of the new
Your new biodegradable card
The windows in the entire building have Even your Ontario Certified Teacher card
been replaced with energy-efficient double- is eco-friendly. Your biodegradable card is
pane glass, and the exterior has been made from plants like alfalfa, beets,
repainted. The new facility provides bicycle potatoes, switch grass and wheat using
storage and change rooms. Water usage has renewable energy. You just cut up this
been reduced by 20 per cent by replacing all card when it expires and put it in the
washroom fixtures, and new plumbing will green bin or compost. It will biodegrade
require the use of low-flow fixtures. in 180 days.
All work spaces, meeting rooms and You don’t need to worry – the card will
major corridors have adequate space be fine in your wallet. It only biodegrades
for recycling bins. Most of our existing when it is in contact with other composta-
furniture has been reused and most bles. The membership card supports the
College equipment that was relocated College’s green mandate while maintaining
or bought new is Energy Star compliant. a high-quality look and feel.
At least 50 per cent of the construction Printing
waste from the College project will be This handbook, along with other
diverted from landfills. Greening correspondence you may receive from
standards have been met for air quality the College from time to time, is printed
Your new biodegradable
membership card is made
and ventilation, energy use and cooling on 100 per cent, post-consumer recycled
from plants like alfalfa, beets, systems. No smoking is permitted within paper using vegetable-based inks.
potatoes, switch grass and
wheat using renewable energy.
7.6 metres of all entrances.
G R E E n I n I T I A T I V E S A T T H E C O L L E G E 19
Inspire to Learn
“ hen you work with young people,
the important thing is to arouse their
curiosity, stimulate their mental
capacity and present challenges. If
you ask them to stretch beyond their
limits, they will discover themselves
and develop self-confidence that, in
the long run, will yield positive results.”
Denis Sauvé, OCT
Ethical standards, standards of practice and
the professional learning framework describe
what it means to be a member of the teaching
profession in Ontario. They articulate the goals
and aspirations of a teaching profession
dedicated to fostering student learning and
preparing Ontario students to participate in
a democratic society.
P u B L I C A C C O u n T A B I L I T Y 21
Foundations of Professional Practice
Foundations of Professional Practice The Ethical Standards for the Teaching
articulates the high standards that the Profession, Standards of Practice for the
teaching profession sets for educators in Teaching Profession and Professional
Ontario, bringing together three docu- Learning Framework for the Teaching
ments that form the foundation for the Profession outline the principles of
self-regulation of the teaching profession ethical behaviour, professional practice
in Ontario: and ongoing learning for the teaching
profession in Ontario.
The Ethical Standards for the Teaching Foundations of
Profession describe the professional College members use the standards to articulates the standards
beliefs and values that guide the decision- reflect on their own development as that Ontario teachers
embrace as their
making and professional actions of teaching professionals and inform their professional foundation.
College members in their professional practice and ongoing learning choices.
roles and relationships.
The complete Foundations of Professional
The five interdependent domains of the Practice can be found on the College
Standards of Practice for the Teaching web site at www.oct.ca g Publications
Profession describe the continuum g College Documents.
of knowledge, skills and professional Need more info?
practices of College members. Ethical Standards for the www.oct.ca g
Teaching Profession College Documents
The Professional Learning Framework The Ethical Standards for the Teaching g Foundations of
for the Teaching Profession presents a Profession represent a vision of profes- Professional Practice
variety of ways College members may sional practice. At the heart of a strong
pursue opportunities for ongoing and effective teaching profession is a
professional learning. commitment to students and their learning.
Professional standards that guide and Members of the Ontario College of
reflect exemplary teaching practice and Teachers, in their position of trust,
continuous professional improvement are demonstrate responsibility in their
essential to effective teaching and learning. relationships with students, parents,
The College has fostered the development guardians, colleagues, education
of these professional standards to support partners, other professionals, the
exemplary teaching in Ontario. environment and the public.
22 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Care Standards of Practice for the
The ethical standard of Care includes Teaching Profession
Intrinsic to the compassion, acceptance, interest and The Standards of Practice for the Teaching
insight for developing students’ potential. Profession provide a framework of princi-
of Respect are
trust and fair- Members express their commitment to ples that describes the knowledge, skills and
mindedness. students’ well-being and learning through values inherent in Ontario’s teaching pro-
Members honour positive influence, professional judgment fession. These standards articulate the goals
human dignity, and empathy in practice. and aspirations of the profession. They
emotional wellness convey a collective vision of professionalism
Trust that guides the daily practices of members
The ethical standard of Trust embodies of the Ontario College of Teachers.
fairness, openness and honesty. Members’
professional relationships with students, The standards of practice include five
colleagues, parents, guardians and the statements about students and student
public are based on trust. learning, professional knowledge,
professional practice, leadership in
Respect learning communities and ongoing
Intrinsic to the ethical standard of Respect professional learning.
are trust and fair-mindedness. Members
honour human dignity, emotional wellness Commitment to students
and cognitive development. In their pro- and student learning
fessional practice, they model respect for Members are dedicated in their care
spiritual and cultural values, social justice, and commitment to students. They treat
confidentiality, freedom, democracy and students equitably and with respect and
the environment. are sensitive to factors that influence
individual student learning. Members
Integrity facilitate the development of students as
Honesty, reliability and moral action contributing citizens of Canadian society.
are embodied in the ethical standard of
Integrity. Continual reflection assists Leadership in learning communities
members in exercising integrity in Members promote and participate in
their professional commitments and the creation of collaborative, safe and
responsibilities. supportive learning communities. They
recognize their shared responsibilities and
their leadership roles in order to facilitate
student success. Members maintain and
uphold the principles of the ethical
standards in these learning communities.
P R O F E S S I O n A L S T A n D A R D S 23
Ongoing professional learning Professional learning may take a variety
Members recognize that a commitment to of forms. Following their pre-service
ongoing professional learning is integral to training, members of the College may
effective practice and to student learning. complete courses or programs that are
Professional practice and self-directed identified in the Teachers’ Qualifications
learning are informed by experience, Regulation, made under the Ontario
research, collaboration and knowledge. College of Teachers Act. These courses or
programs are accredited by the College
Professional knowledge and offered by registered providers. When
Members strive to be current in their a member successfully completes one of
professional knowledge and recognize its these courses or programs, it is recorded
relationship to practice. They understand on the member’s Certificate of
and reflect on student development, Qualification and Registration.
learning theory, pedagogy, curriculum,
ethics, educational research and related Members of the College stay current
learning is at the
policies and legislation to inform and up to date in many ways beyond
heart of teacher
professional judgment in practice. completing Additional Qualification
courses and programs. Examples of
Professional practice professional learning opportunities are
Members apply professional knowledge identified in this document. Educators can
and experience to promote student participate in or facilitate professional
learning. They use appropriate pedagogy development activities, mentor colleagues,
assessment and evaluation, resources and join professional networks, engage in
technology in planning for and responding research activities, and read books and
to the needs of individual students and articles about educational issues.
learning communities. Members refine
their professional practice through ongoing Professional learning is at the heart of
inquiry, dialogue and reflection. teacher professionalism. In addition to the
accredited in-service programs, Ontario
Professional Learning Framework certified teachers engage in a wide variety
The Professional Learning Framework of professional learning to improve their
for the Teaching Profession outlines practice and enhance student learning.
opportunities for ongoing professional All of these opportunities are an integral
learning for members. The framework part of the professional learning frame-
provides for this growth and development work. Educators participate in learning
through the identification of accredited opportunities offered by their employers,
pre-service and in-service programs of the Ministry of Education, faculties of
professional teacher education and a wide education, professional organizations,
range of other learning opportunities. federations and subject associations.
Through this professional learning,
College members demonstrate a commit-
ment to continued professional growth.
24 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
By developing the Professional Learning • Standards-based professional learning
Framework for the Teaching Profession, provides for an integrated approach to
the Ontario College of Teachers meets its teacher education. All programs and
legislated mandate to “provide for the professional learning activities accred-
ongoing education of members of the ited by the College must be designed
College.” It also informs the public of to support the Ethical Standards for the
the many ways educators remain Teaching Profession and the Standards
knowledgeable and current. of Practice for the Teaching Profession.
The professional learning framework: • Exemplary professional learning oppor-
• acknowledges the commitment tunities are based on the principles of
members of the teaching profession effective learning. The framework takes
make to professional learning into account individual career and per-
• highlights a range of options to improve sonal priorities. It outlines professional
practice and enhance student learning learning activities that are varied, flexible
• identifies programs and professional and accessible to members of the College.
learning activities accredited by
the College • Teachers plan for and reflect on their
• assists members of the College to professional learning. Responsible
identify, collect, reflect upon and lifelong learning is continuous learning
celebrate their learning experiences that is initiated by members of the
and accomplishments College and directed and reviewed
• assures the profession and the public by them on an ongoing basis.
that members of the College have
the opportunity through professional • Learning communities enhance
learning to remain current throughout professional learning. The professional
their careers. learning framework encourages
collaboration. It supports ongoing
The professional learning framework commitment to the improvement and
supports the following principles: currency of teaching practice as an
• The goal of professional learning is individual and collective responsibility.
the ongoing improvement of practice.
Teacher learning is directly correlated
to student learning. The professional
learning framework encourages
learning activities based on provincial
legislation and policy, system needs,
personal-growth needs and student
learning needs. The framework also
encourages members of the College
to identify and pursue their strengths
and personal interests to further their
P R O F E S S I O n A L S T A n D A R D S 25
Professional learning outlined
The Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation Recommendations emerged from our
defines the teacher education programs consultations about preparing teachers
that are currently recognized by the for the classrooms and the continuing
Ontario College of Teachers. The education programs that were needed to
regulation is made under the Ontario enhance teachers’ professional skills and
College of Teachers Act. knowledge. This includes the introduction
of a new group of 64 courses in techno-
The College Council approved important logical education and a new three-part
changes to the Teachers’ Qualifications Kindergarten course.
Regulation that came into effect in May 2010.
The revised regulation is the culmination
of four years of extensive review, consulta-
tions and work with our education partners
and flows from the recommendations of
the College’s 2006 study Preparing
Teachers for Tomorrow.
Additional Basic Teachers’ Principal’s Qualifications
Qualification Courses Qualifications Courses
Teacher Education Supervisory Officer’s
Programs Qualification Program
These professional learning
programs are accredited by the Additional
Ontario College of Teachers. Qualification Courses
for professional growth
The challenge for members of the College Educators engage in many forms of
today is to maintain and extend their professional learning. The range of
professional knowledge and skills in a opportunities reflects the complexity of the
rapidly changing educational environment. teaching profession and identifies ways that
educators remain current in their practice.
26 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Professional Growth Opportunities
These opportunities might include but are not limited to:
of the College Academic Programs Research Activities
today is to Currently, the Certificate of Qualification and Members of the College may choose to:
maintain and Registration includes only completed degree i
• nquire into teaching practice
extend their programs. Members of the College may choose to: p
• lan and conduct research activities to
• articipate in programs or courses offered enhance teaching and learning
knowledge through universities, colleges or other w
• ork collaboratively with others to
and skills in a institutions or organizations that do not always contribute to the knowledge base of
rapidly changing lead to academic degrees. teaching and learning
educational These programs may be prerequisites to e
• xplore ways to access and use
environment. enrolment in the certification programs listed in education research.
the Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation.
Professional Networks Members of the College may choose to:
Members of the College may choose to: m
• aintain a professional portfolio
• artner with business, industry, colleges a
• rrange opportunities to observe
and universities exemplary practice
• ontribute to subject councils, the work of the s
• tay current by reading educational
federations or other professional organizations books and journals
• articipate on school-based committees s
• hare ideas and resources with colleagues
• erve on a local school community committee p
• articipate in curriculum writing and/or
or school council. assessment projects.
Mentoring and Networking Professional Contributions
Members of the College may choose to: Members of the College may choose to:
• erve as associate teachers p
• articipate in, present at, or organize
• ecome involved in a mentoring partnership conferences, workshops and institutes
• earn with colleagues through co-operative c
• ontribute to a professional publication.
planning and problem solving
• orm study groups. Technology and Learning
Members of the College may choose to:
Learning through Practice i
• ncrease their competency in
Members of the College may choose to: computer, telecommunication and
• evelop and implement curriculum materials videoconferencing technology
• articipate in school-based collaborative inquiry j
• oin a listserv
• mplement a new instructional or i
• ntegrate technology into teaching practice
assessment strategy e
• nrol in a distance education program.
• onduct and publish action research projects
• ilot new initiatives individually or
Members of the College may also choose other options for learning beyond these examples.
P R O F E S S I O n A L S T A n D A R D S 27
Teacher education programs in Ontario Courses offered for Additional Basic
are accredited by the Ontario College Qualifications, Additional Qualifications,
of Teachers. Principal’s Qualifications and the Need more info?
Supervisory Officer’s Qualification www.oct.ca ➔
Accreditation is a status granted by the Program are among those now reviewed Additional
College to a teacher education program and accredited by the College. Teachers
or Additional Qualification course that can find course guidelines on the College
has met or exceeded quality assurance web site at www.oct.ca g Additional
criteria established by the College. Qualifications g Schedules and Guidelines.
These programs lead to a qualification on
a member’s Certificate of Qualification The accreditation process
and Registration. Accrediting teacher education programs
maintains the public’s confidence in
Teacher education candidates are assured Ontario’s certified teachers and ensures
that pre-service and in-service teacher that the public’s interest is protected. The
education programs meet provincial accreditation process provides quality
regulatory requirements. They support assurance for Ontario’s teacher education
and reflect the ethical standards and programs and ensures that the programs
standards of practice. reflect a culture of continuous quality
Accredited pre-service programs must
meet all regulatory requirements in such Accreditation panels review pre-service
areas as methods and foundations courses, programs in a transparent and fair
divisional studies and the practicum. manner. Each accreditation panel
Accreditation ensures that Ontario’s includes College members with broad
teacher education programs are current knowledge and experience in education.
and apply theory in practice.
The Accreditation Regulation also gives
the College responsibility for accrediting
in-service Additional Qualification courses
named in the regulation to address the
ongoing professional needs of members.
28 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Accrediting teacher You can bring your expertise to the After reviewing all documents submitted
education programs accreditation process in two ways. You by the faculty, the panel members visit the
maintains the public’s can be part of an accreditation panel. campus to interview program administra-
confidence in Ontario’s
Look for ads seeking panelists in tors, faculty members, teacher candidates,
certified teachers and
ensures that the public’s Professionally Speaking. associate teachers and others linked to the
interest is protected. program. The panel considers various
You, and members of the public, are also sources of evidence to develop recommen-
invited to make submissions about the dations and a report for the College’s
quality of initial teacher education pro- Accreditation Committee. The committee
grams. You can find details about this decides about the program’s accreditation.
on the College web site at www.oct.ca
g Teacher Education g How Programs You can find Accreditation Committee
are Accredited. decisions at www.oct.ca g Teacher
Education g How Programs Are
A College accreditation panel examines Accredited. Decisions are also reported
applications made by a faculty to offer in Professionally Speaking.
a teacher education program in Ontario.
The application details how the program
meets the requirements outlined in
P R O F E S S I O n A L S T A n D A R D S 29
Inspire to Learn
“ y using media familiar to today’s
youth, I teach my students to think
critically and analytically about the
information they see. These are skills
they will use long after they leave
my history classroom.”
Lindsay Hall, OCT
Whether in the classroom, the principal’s
office or the district school board, all
members of the College begin their careers
with formal training in a teacher education
program that meets the requirements set
out in regulation. The teaching licence
issued to you annually by the College is an
acknowledgement to employers and the
public of your qualifications and credentials.
F O u n D A T I O n S O F P R O F E S S I O n A L P R A C T I C E 31
The Education Act defines a teacher as a Teachers who completed their teacher
member of the College. Clearly defining education program outside Ontario are is one way
academic, professional and language granted basic qualifications that reflect in which the
proficiency requirements for teacher their areas of study. College assures
certification is one way in which the its membership
and the public
College assures its membership and the Your Basic Qualifications are listed on
that all teaching
public that all teaching professionals your Certificate of Qualification and professionals
are qualified to work in publicly funded Registration. They identify the divisions are qualified
schools in Ontario. or areas of study that were a focus in to work in publicly
your teacher education program. funded schools
The information in this section provides in Ontario.
detailed information about Basic In Ontario, teachers must be qualified
Qualifications, Additional Qualifications in at least two consecutive divisions. The
and the Ministry of Education’s New divisions are: Primary (Grades K–3),
Teacher Induction Program. All members Junior (Grades 4–6), Intermediate
of the College must meet the following (Grades 7–10) and Senior (Grades 11–12).
Junior/Intermediate teachers must be
Teacher education programs qualified in at least one general education
Basic Qualifications subject appropriate for Grades 7 and 8
Teachers who complete their teacher from the list on page 34. Teachers who
education program in Ontario have the hold Intermediate/Senior qualifications
required areas of study – commonly must be qualified in two general educa-
known as Basic Qualifications – to tion subjects from that list.
teach in two consecutive divisions –
Primary/Junior, Junior/ Intermediate, Technological education teachers must be
Intermediate/Senior or Grades 9–10/ qualified in subjects from the technological
Grades 11–12 in technological education. education list on page 34. A teacher may
It is the Basic Qualification that deter- add qualifications by taking Additional
mines if you are qualified as a general Basic Qualification courses in different
education or a technological education divisions and/or subjects.
teacher, and in what language, grades and Need more info?
subjects you may teach. The current list of teaching subjects can
Become a Teacher ➔
also be found on the College web site at Teaching Subjects
Teachers in technological education www.oct.ca g Become a Teacher for a full list of
subjects have also provided work g Teaching Subjects. current subjects
experience and proof of competence
in the areas selected as options in their
teacher education program.
32 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
If you completed your teacher education Access Find an AQ directly from the
program at an English-language faculty, your College’s main page at www.oct.ca or
Basic Qualifications are listed in English, under Additional Qualifications.
indicating that you are qualified to teach in
the English-language system. If you com- Transitional certificate holders are
pleted your program at a French-language not eligible to enrol in College-accredited
faculty, your qualifications are listed in AQ programs.
French, indicating that you are qualified
to teach in the French-language system. Temporary Letter of Approval
School boards apply for a Temporary
Since 2000, applicants to the College have Letter of Approval (TLA) when they
been required to provide proof of language cannot find teaching professionals with
proficiency in English or French in order the qualifications they need to fill
to be certified to teach in Ontario. certain subject areas or teaching needs.
The College records the names of teacher The responsibility for granting TLAs
education degrees, Basic and Additional was transferred from the Ontario College
Basic Qualification courses and Additional of Teachers to the Ministry of Education
Qualification courses on your certificate. in May 2010.
Additional Qualifications TLA applications must be sent to the
Professional advisory regional offices of the Ministry and not
The College issued a professional advisory, to the Ontario College of Teachers.
Additional Qualifications: Extending Only district school boards and other
Professional Knowledge, to help members authorized employers can apply for
understand teaching qualifications in a TLA.
Ontario. The advisory is available on page
40 of this handbook or visit the College New Teacher Induction Program
web site at www.oct.ca g Additional The Minister of Education introduced a
Qualifications g Professional Advisory. New Teacher Induction Program (NTIP)
in the 2006–07 school year. The program
Need more info? Find an AQ provides support, including mentoring,
The College has made searching for for newly certified teachers in permanent
Qualifications ➔ Additional Qualification (AQ) courses positions in publicly funded schools.
Find an AQ easier and more convenient for you. The
College’s online search tool, Find an AQ, Teachers have up to two years to complete
will help you find the AQ and the provider the program. Boards notify the College
to suit your specific needs. when teachers have successfully completed
the program so that the NTIP notation can
You can enter a subject area, course name, be added to their teaching certificate.
Additional Qualification schedule, keyword
or provider to find a list of related courses.
T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 33
Technological Education – Teaching Subjects
Communications Technology, Grades 9 and 10 Health Care, Grades 9 and 10
Communications Technology, Grades 11 and 12 Health Care, Grades 11 and 12
Computer Technology, Grades 9 and 10 Hospitality and Tourism, Grades 9 and 10
Computer Technology, Grades 11 and 12 Hospitality and Tourism, Grades 11 and 12
Construction Technology, Grades 9 and 10 Manufacturing Technology, Grades 9 and 10
Construction Technology, Grades 11 and 12 Manufacturing Technology, Grades 11 and 12
Green Industries, Grades 9 and 10 Technological Design, Grades 9 and 10
Green Industries, Grades 11 and 12 Technological Design, Grades 11 and 12
Hairstyling and Aesthetics, Grades 9 and 10 Transportation Technology, Grades 9 and 10
Hairstyling and Aesthetics, Grades 11 and 12 Transportation Technology, Grades 11 and 12
General Education – Teaching Subjects
Business Studies – Accounting International Languages
Business Studies – Entrepreneurship Law
Business Studies – General Mathematics
Business Studies – Information and Media Arts (effective March 31, 2011)
Communication Technology Music – Instrumental
Classical Studies – Greek Music – Vocal
Classical Studies – Latin native Languages
Computer Studies native Studies
Dramatic Arts Politics
Economics Religious Education
English Science – Biology
Environmental Science/Environmental Studies Science – Chemistry
Family Studies Science – General
Français Science – Physics
French as a Second Language Social Sciences – General
Geography Visual Arts
Health and Physical Education
34 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Go online to find
Searching for Additional Qualification courses
is now easier and more convenient for you.
The College’s online search tool, Find an AQ, will help you
find the course and the provider to suit your specific needs.
Access Find an AQ directly from the College’s main page at
www.oct.ca or under Additional Qualifications.
Equivalencies To qualify for equivalent standing,
The College’s Evaluation Services Unit a course must:
has extensive information about teacher • be beyond the teacher education pro-
education in other parts of Canada and gram required for initial certification
the world. The College relies on this infor- • have been completed as part of an
mation to evaluate the qualifications and accredited teacher education program
credentials of individuals who have been that is acceptable to the College
educated and/or certified outside Ontario. • match the curriculum content of the
Additional Qualification guideline
If you have taken a course in teaching for which you seek equivalency
methodology outside Ontario and (the guidelines are posted on the
would like to add it as an Additional College web site at www.oct.ca g
Qualification (AQ) to your certificate, Additional Qualifications g Schedules The College’s
you can do so by filling out an Application and Guidelines) Evaluation
for Equivalent Standing, available on the • consist of at least 125 hours Services Unit
College web site at www.oct.ca g Forms. of coursework has extensive
Send the completed form and a fee of • contain a concentrated study of teaching information
$49* per qualification to the College. AQ methodology appropriate for curriculum about teacher
equivalency may be granted only for or school settings in Ontario. education in
coursework, not for teaching experience. other parts of
If equivalency is granted, the College will Canada and
You must also arrange for official documen- add the Additional Qualification to your the world.
tation of your successful completion of the record, including your record on the Find
course to be sent directly to the College a Teacher section of the web site, and
with the seal and signature of the granting send you an acknowledgement letter.
institution’s registrar. The institution must You can use this letter, along with your
include a covering letter in English or current Certificate of Qualification and
French that carries your name and your Registration, as official confirmation for
College registration number. employers and faculties of education, as
well as Qualifications Evaluation Council
of Ontario (QECO) and Ontario
Secondary School Teachers’ Federation
(OSSTF) certification. QECO and
OSSTF evaluate teachers’ qualifications
for salary purposes.
*All fees in this handbook include all applicable taxes.
36 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
The Additional Qualification will appear Additionally, provisions exist for
on your Certificate of Qualification and a candidate’s prior learning and
Registration on the College web site experience to be considered in lieu
within a few days. You can print the of an SOQP module.
updated certificate yourself for free or,
if you prefer, you can request that the The SOQP Prior Learning Assessment
College reprint your certificate for $24. and Recognition Application Guide is
available on the College web site at
Supervisory Officer’s Qualification www.oct.ca g Additional Qualifications
Program (SOQP) g Schedules and Guidelines g Supervisory
There are provisions for a person to be Officer’s Qualification Program.
appointed to a supervisory officer’s position
without having completed the SOQP.
T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 37
Your Certificate of Qualification The transitional certificate is provided to: When you
and Registration • people of Native ancestry preparing to are accepted
When you are accepted as a member, the teach in the Primary and Junior divisions as a member,
College sends you either a Certificate of • teacher candidates preparing to teach the College
Qualification and Registration or a technological education, a Native sends you
Transitional Certificate of Qualification language or in the French-language a Certificate
and Registration. school system of Qualification
• teacher candidates who are enrolled and Registration
The College issues and may suspend, in a multi-session program that will to prove that
cancel, revoke and reinstate Certificates prepare them to teach students who you have
of Qualification and Registration. are Deaf or Hard of Hearing. registered.
Certificate of Qualification The transitional certificate is converted
and Registration to a Certificate of Qualification and
A Certificate of Qualification and Registration when the teacher education
Registration is for College members program has been completed.
who completed their teacher education
program and other registration require-
ments. Some Certificate of Qualification
and Registration holders may have
terms, conditions and limitations on
Transitional Certificate of
Qualification and Registration
A Transitional Certificate of Qualification
and Registration is for College members
who are still completing their professional
education and are enrolled in a College-
accredited, multi-session program or an
equivalent in another Canadian province
or territory. For example, they have
completed only the first session of their
multi-session teacher education program.
38 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Your certificate Additional Qualifications identify
Your annual certificate is issued when that you have successfully completed
you renew your licence to teach in Ontario. courses in education methodology,
To maintain your licence, you must pay an school administration or school board
annual membership fee. The fee is due on administration. Additional Qualifications
January 1, and you must pay it no later than apply to all divisions.
April 15 to avoid suspension and the rein-
statement fee (currently $130). To see or The certificate also notes any conditions
print a copy of your certificate, please go to you must fulfill and the time allotted to
the Members’ Area of the College web site. complete them.
Your certificate Your certificate outlines your teaching If you complete an Ontario-accredited
outlines your qualifications, degrees earned, your program Additional Qualification course during the
teaching of teacher education, Basic Qualifications year, the faculty of education or other
and Additional Qualifications. Any terms, provider automatically sends electronic
your program of conditions or limitations on your certificate confirmation to the College that you have
teacher education, are also recorded. successfully completed the course. If you
Basic included your e-mail address when you
Qualifications Basic Qualifications identify the divisions opened a personal account in the Members’
or areas for which you have successfully Area of the College web site, we will notify
completed studies in teaching method- you when the AQ is added to your record.
ology: Primary (Grades K–3), Junior
(Grades 4–6), Intermediate (Grades 7–10) Your Additional Qualifications appear on
and Senior (Grades 11–12) or Technological your record on Find a Teacher and on your
Education (Grades 9–10 and Grades 11–12). printable teaching certificate in the
Members’ Area of the College web site.
Teaching by Non-Members
Two provisions in the Education Act and its regulations allow a board, under special circumstances,
to hire a non-member of the College to teach.
Letter of Permission
The Minister of Education may, by granting a Letter of Permission to a board, authorize the board to
employ a person to teach who is not a member of the College.
A Letter of Permission is issued only after a school board has pursued all recruitment requirements
as laid out in regulation and found that no member of the College is available to fill the position.
A Letter of Permission is effective only for a specified time and a specified position and may not
exceed one year.
under an emergency provision, a school board may appoint a person who is not a teacher in the event
that no member of the College is available. In this circumstance, a board may employ a person for up to
10 school days who is 18 years or older and who holds an Ontario Secondary School Diploma.
T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 39
Professional Advisory on
Extending Professional Knowledge
The Council of the College approved Extending Professional Knowledge
a professional advisory on extending Ongoing professional learning is an integral
professional knowledge through part of teaching. The College mandate
additional qualifications on March 28, includes a requirement to provide for the
2008. The intent of this advisory is to ongoing education of members. The pro-
clarify for members the purpose of the fession’s standards reflect the expectation
regulated system of qualifications in a that all members will participate in ongoing
division or subject, commonly referred learning. Adding to professional knowledge
to as Additional Basic Qualifications enhances teaching practice, which improves
(ABQs) and Additional Qualifications student learning.
(AQs). They play an important role
in a teacher’s ongoing professional Ongoing learning, as expressed in the
learning. This advisory is the outcome College’s Professional Learning Framework,
of an intensive review of teachers’ covers a wide range of activities that help
qualifications by the College, its members expand their knowledge, increase
members and its education partners. their skills and prepare for career changes.
Many valuable courses and opportunities
are offered by universities, colleges, teacher
federations, principals’ organizations,
school boards, subject organizations and
The regulated system of Additional Basic
Qualifications (ABQs) and Additional
Qualifications (AQs) is one form of
professional learning. ABQs/AQs are
recognized in legislation, accredited by the
College, offered by providers approved
by the College and, when successfully com-
pleted, recorded on the member’s Certificate
of Qualification and Registration.
Adding to professional
teaching practice, which
improves student learning.
The College works with experts to Additional Qualifications courses allow
develop guidelines that providers must members to expand their knowledge and
use in creating ABQs and AQs. skills within the divisions and subjects in
Guidelines establish content, learning which they are already qualified or to
This advisory expectations, instructional strategies and acquire knowledge in new subject areas.
presents forms of assessment. The College itself Specialist and honour specialist courses
members with does not conduct courses or programs. allow teachers to focus on leadership and
an excellent curriculum development.
opportunity to Each year, thousands of members enrol
assess their in and complete additional qualification The College’s review of teachers’ qualifi-
plans for ongoing courses. The College is committed to cations in 2006 resulted in the creation or
professional increasing accessibility to these courses revision of more than 150 ABQs and AQs.
learning. because of the unique educational value Out-of-date courses have been dropped
they offer to College members. Some and some courses modified to respond to
additional qualifications are recognized changes to the Ontario curriculum.
for salary purposes.
The new courses reflect the evolution of the
This advisory presents members with an education environment and requests from
excellent opportunity to assess their plans College members. Some examples are:
for ongoing professional learning. • Aboriginal Peoples: Understanding
Traditional Teachings, Histories,
Additional Qualifications Current Issues and Cultures
Additional Basic Qualifications courses • Enseignement en milieu minoritaire
allow teachers to add another division • Philosophy
or subject area to what they are already • Special Education for Administrators
qualified to teach. ABQ courses can • Teaching in the Catholic School System
prepare teachers to teach students at the • Teaching and Learning through
Primary, Junior, Intermediate or Senior E-learning.
level or in Technological Education. They
can also provide English or French- Members can access a complete list of
speaking teachers with the skills to work additional qualifications on the College
in the other language. web site at www.oct.ca.
T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 41
Qualifications in regulation leadership in teaching practice for the
Most additional qualifications are design and delivery of particular subject
organized into six schedules – A, B, C, D, areas. They may allow a teacher to
E and F – that are part of the Teachers’ assume leadership roles for particular
Qualifications Regulation: courses or programs.
• Schedule A: One-session Additional • Schedule F: One-session courses
Basic Qualifications courses prepare to provide technological education
members to teach in another division teachers with the opportunity to gain
or general education subject area. They a greater depth of knowledge in their
also support a teacher’s professional broad-based technology area. This
practice by extending skills and new schedule will be effective in
knowledge in design, delivery and September 2011.
assessment in the division or subject.
• Schedule B: One-session Additional Principal’s Qualifications, Parts 1 and 2,
Basic Qualifications courses prepare qualify teachers for positions as vice-
members to teach additional technolog- principals or principals. In addition, the
ical education courses. They support a Principal’s Development Course provides
teacher’s professional practice by opportunities for practising principals
adding to technical proficiency and and vice-principals to explore their roles
pedagogical knowledge and skill. in greater depth. The Supervisory Officer’s
• Schedule C: One-session Additional Qualification Program qualifies members
Qualifications courses extend teachers’ to serve as supervisory officers.
knowledge and skills in design and
delivery of specific programs. They Expectations of members
also support professional practice by Throughout their careers, teachers acquire
preparing teachers for specific roles. additional skills and knowledge to take on
• Schedule D: Three-part specialist new assignments and responsibilities.
courses develop professional knowledge
and teaching practice in a particular sub- A change in interests or employment
ject or in cross or integrated curriculum prospects may prompt teachers to add
areas. They enable teachers to explore another subject area or division to their
pedagogy related to a subject area qualifications. Changes in technology or
without taking more subject-specific in their students’ needs may lead teachers
university courses. They also prepare to search out courses that add to their
a teacher to assume leadership roles knowledge and support their professional
such as co-ordinator or consultant for practice. A teacher’s long-term career
a particular course or program. plan may include acquiring qualifications
• Schedule E: One-session honour to become a consultant, subject area or
specialist courses in general education program co-ordinator, principal or super-
and one-session honour technological visory officer.
education specialist courses develop
42 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Members are responsible for learning what Scenarios
prerequisites are necessary to enrol in Members of the College look for
courses or programs and to apply for some professional learning opportunities that
jobs. Prerequisites are set out in regulation, will continually enhance their teaching.
but faculties of education or providers may For example, a teacher qualified to teach
impose additional requirements for entry, primary grades might take the three-part
such as a stronger subject background or Primary Education to build on what they
proficiency in the language of study. For learned in initial teacher education.
example, faculties of education or providers
offering ABQs from Schedule A set their Here are some examples of the learning
own prerequisites for enrolment. Most opportunities members of the College
require at least three full courses in the might choose.
subject in a postsecondary degree.
To increase understanding of the
Teachers interested in working for a unique aspects of the teaching and
district school board as a subject or learning environment
program co-ordinator or consultant Whether you work in the Catholic system,
will find that Regulation 298, Operation in a school in a First Nations community,
of Schools requires the position to be in a French-language milieu, or in another
filled by a teacher with a specialist or unique learning environment, courses in
honour specialist qualification in the Schedule C can provide an orientation to
relevant field. teaching in that environment.
The scenarios included as part of this Such courses include Adapting Curriculum
advisory give examples of what additional for the Catholic School System, Leadership
qualifications members may acquire en milieu minoritaire, Teaching Cayuga (or
in response to particular teaching one of six other Native languages), Teaching
assignments or in pursuit of a particular Combined Grades or Alternative Education.
A teacher’s long-term
career plan may include
to become a consultant,
subject area or program
co-ordinator, principal or
T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 43
To expand the range of subjects To extend knowledge of teaching in the
one can teach at Intermediate/ French-language system
Senior Division level Teachers who want to extend their knowl-
Teachers with general education qualifica- edge of the unique aspects of teaching in
tions who want to add to the subjects they the French-language system could:
are qualified to teach can take an Additional • complete an AQ in Schedule C such as
Basic Qualification (ABQ) from Schedule A. Leadership en milieu minoritaire or
Enseignement en milieu minoritaire
A teacher with technological qualifications • complete a Qualification de
wanting to add another technological base additionnelle
education qualification can take any • complete the three-part AQ
other ABQ from Schedule B for teaching Actualisation linguistique en français /
Grades 9 and 10, provided the teacher can Perfectionnement du français (ALF/
demonstrate competency in the subject as PDF) in Schedule D.
defined by the faculty of education. To
teach Grade 11 and 12 students, a teacher To supervise or co-ordinate a subject
with technological education qualifications or department
must have one year of work experience A teacher wanting to apply to supervise
or one year of academic study in the or co-ordinate programs at the board level
subject or an equivalent combination, must hold a specialist or honour specialist
and must demonstrate competency in qualification in the subject or program
the area of study. area. Specialist or honour specialist AQs
are listed in Schedule D and E.
courses are designed by
teachers for teachers.
To become a principal Successfully completed AQs
A member of the College wanting to Once a teacher has successfully
become a principal must successfully completed an AQ or ABQ, the course
complete Principal’s Qualifications, provider notifies the College, which adds
Parts 1 and 2 and a leadership practicum. the qualification to the member’s record.
Prerequisites for Part 1 Principal’s The completed additional qualification
Qualifications are: appears on the member’s certificate and
• five years of teaching experience in on the public register.
an elementary or secondary school
• qualifications in three divisions, The additional qualifications listed on a
including the Intermediate Division, member’s certificate are an acknowledge-
or Grades 9 and 10 in a technological ment by the profession and to the public
education subject that the member is qualified to teach
• additional academic learning that in the divisions, subject areas and roles
ranges from a combination of indicated. The listed AQs also provide
specialist or honour specialist information to course providers that a
courses and master’s level credits. teacher has the prerequisites that may
be required to enrol in some courses.
Once all parts of the program are success-
fully completed, the member is eligible to Additional qualification courses are
be assigned to a position as a vice-principal designed by teachers for teachers. The
or principal. courses and programs that make up the
system of additional qualifications reflect
To acquire knowledge of students the experience and pedagogy of the
with special needs teaching profession in Ontario.
College members who have students with
special needs in their classroom or who The acquisition of AQs may result in an
want to accommodate students with special improvement in the member’s salary.
needs can take Special Education, Part I The Ontario Secondary School Teachers’
of a three-session AQ in Schedule D. This Federation (OSSTF) or the Qualifications
provides a background for teaching all Evaluation Council of Ontario (QECO)
exceptionalities. evaluate qualifications for salary catego-
ries. For more information about which
Teachers who want to study a particular additional qualifications courses are
area of special needs can take one or related to salary scales, members should
more AQs in Schedule C, such as Teaching contact QECO or OSSTF Certification.
Students with Behavioural Needs, Teaching
Students with Communication Needs
(Autism Spectrum Disorders) or Teaching
Students with Intellectual Needs
T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 45
Commitment to learning The legislative context
A commitment to student learning, one of The College’s mandate, set out in
teaching’s key professional values, presup- the Ontario College of Teachers Act,
poses a commitment to teacher learning. emphasizes the importance of supporting
and promoting teacher education. The
The Ethical Standards for the Teaching College’s mandate is to:
Profession describe the beliefs and values • develop and maintain qualifications
that guide the professional judgment and for College membership
actions of College members. The four • provide for the ongoing education
ethical standards – care, respect, trust and of members of the College
integrity – establish the core ethics of • accredit professional teacher
teaching. Care includes insight for devel- education and ongoing education
oping students’ potential. Respect includes programs for teachers
honouring cognitive development. Trust • establish and enforce professional
includes inspiring confidence in students standards and ethical standards
and their parents. Integrity includes con- applicable to members of the College.
tinual reflection. Ongoing professional
learning enhances these attributes.
Members should consult their employers’
The Standards of Practice for the policies to ensure they are familiar with
Teaching Profession provide a framework any requirements in their workplace that
of principles that describes the knowledge, relate to additional qualifications and
skills and values inherent in the profession. teaching assignments.
Ongoing professional learning, one of
the five standards, is integral to effective
practice and to student learning. Ontario College of Teachers Act
Two regulations under the Act work
The College has developed the together to govern teaching qualifications.
Professional Learning Framework for
the Teaching Profession to place ongoing The Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation
professional learning in a career-long context. addresses initial and ongoing teachers’
This framework identifies accredited initial qualifications.
and ongoing courses and programs
designed to reflect the ethical standards The Accreditation Regulation sets
and standards of practice. It also describes the parameters of the College’s
the many other ways in which members responsibility to accredit teacher
engage in professional learning to improve education programs in Ontario.
their practice and enhance student learning.
46 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
The Ethical Education Act Regulation 98/02, Teacher Learning Plans
Standards for Several regulations under the Education – the importance of defining professional
the Teaching Act govern qualifications for teaching growth objectives
Profession and supervisory roles and highlight the
describe the benefits of additional qualifications: Regulation 99/02, Teacher Performance
beliefs and Appraisal – the importance of adapting
values that Regulation 298, Operations of Schools – and refining teaching practice through
guide the qualifications for principals, vice-principals continuous learning
professional and teachers
judgment Education-related legislation and
and actions Regulation 296, Ontario Schools for the regulations are available at
of College Blind and the Deaf – qualifications for www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/index.html.
members. teachers of students who are deaf, blind
or deaf-blind Resources
www.oct.ca g Additional Qualifications
Regulation 309, Supervisory Officers –
qualifications for supervisory officers www.oct.ca g Additional Qualifications g
www.oct.ca g About the College g
Education Legislation g Regulation 176/10,
Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation
www.osstf.on.ca g Services
T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 47
Inspire to Learn
“ hen I teach a topic – atomic theory,
electricity or astronomy – I try to
ensure that my students appreciate
its relevance and importance to their
own lives and to society as a whole.
When they see the significance, they
are more willing to engage fully.”
Doug Fraser, OCT
48 x x x x x x x x x
Rights and responsibilities go hand in
hand for every one of our 229,000
members. We encourage our members
to participate in College activities. The
College communicates regularly through
print and electronic means to keep you
up to date on the benefits and obligations
of being a teaching professional.
F O u n D A T I O n S O F P R O F E S S I O n A L P R A C T I C E 49
Your Membership in the College
Everyone teaching in Ontario’s publicly Register in the Members’ Area
funded schools or whose work requires an You can find up-to-date information
Ontario teaching certificate must be an about College affairs on our web site at
Ontario Certified Teacher (OCT). This www.oct.ca, where you can also open a
requirement applies to principals, vice- personal password-protected account in
principals, consultants, academic supervi- the Members’ Area.
sory officers, directors of education and
If you register
teachers, whether they are full-time, part- If you register in the Members’ Area you
in the Members’
time or long-term occasional employees. gain secure access to a growing range of
Area you gain
services that will help you maintain and
Teachers working in private schools or track information important to your
to a growing range
in universities or community colleges membership in the College. You can:
of services that
where a licence to teach is not a condition • print your updated Certificate of
will help you.
of employment may join the College for Qualification and Registration
the benefit of holding a current licence • see your member profile page
and belonging to their professional body. • inform the College of any change
Many independent schools require the to your home address and other
teachers they hire to be members of personal information
the College. • print a tax receipt for your annual
• give us your e-mail address to receive
the College’s electronic newsletter
• contact Membership Services
• vote in College elections
• request books and videos online
from the College library
• access databases of full-text
Need more info?
www.oct.ca ➔ Members
to access and make changes to your profile
Teachers know that a caring environment
helps students feel capable.
50 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
You must keep Update your e-mail address By the end of January, school boards have
your College Have you updated your e-mail address deducted and forwarded to the College
membership in on the College web site? An up-to-date the membership fee for their full-time and
good standing address allows us to send you the latest long-term occasional teachers, principals,
to receive your College and professional news that may vice-principals, academic supervisory offi-
annual Certificate affect you as a teacher in Ontario. cers and consultants. Some private schools
of Qualification and the Provincial Schools Authority also
and Registration, Changing your e-mail address is simple. deduct the annual fee for their employees.
which is your Here’s how:
licence to teach. 1. Go to www.oct.ca and choose English. In mid-February all members of the
2. Choose Members in the top navigation College who have not yet paid their
bar. Log in, or create an account if you annual membership fee are sent a
don’t have one. reminder that their fee is due. You
3. Click on Profile in the right-hand are responsible for keeping your
navigation bar. membership in good standing, so check
4. Change your e-mail address. that the payroll deduction is made.
5. Click Save at the bottom of the page.
You’re done. If you are not eligible for payroll
deduction, you must make sure to pay
Keep informed on your own fee by April 15.
Read the Governing Ourselves pages in After April 15, the College will change
Professionally Speaking to keep up to the status of members who have not paid
date on Council decisions that may affect their annual fee to Suspended – Non-
your membership. Read any professional Payment of Fees. Members suspended for
advisories that the College may issue to non-payment of fees will not be eligible
its members. Professional advisories are to work in publicly funded schools.
available on the College web site and are Suspended members must pay the annual
distributed via Professionally Speaking. fee and a $130 reinstatement fee to rein-
state their membership and return
Maintain your membership to good standing.
You must keep your College membership
in good standing to receive your annual
Certificate of Qualification and Registration,
which is your licence to teach.
Annual fees are due on January 1 of each
year, and you must pay the fee by April 15.
The December issue of Professionally
Speaking carries a reminder that the
College’s annual licensing fee is coming due.
C O L L E G E M E M B E R S H I P 51
A Crucial Date for Teachers – April 15 April 15!
Don’t forget this
Your annual fee is due on January 1. your employer does not automatically deduct your important date.
You can pay your annual membership fee from fee from your paycheque, you must pay it by
november of the previous year to April 15. There April 15. If you do not do so, your certificate will
are many convenient ways you can do this: by be suspended and you will not be able to teach
credit card online at www.oct.ca, by phone via in a publicly funded school in Ontario until you
our automated payment system, in person or by pay your fee and a reinstatement fee of $130.
mailing in a cheque.
If you are going to be on leave during the period
Most employers use payroll deduction to collect your annual membership fee is due, remember to
the fee, which they then forward to the College. If check if you will have to arrange to pay it yourself.
• Or you may visit the College’s Client
Methods of payment
Services Welcome Counter on the 14th
• Quickest and easiest for you is Visa,
floor at 101 Bloor Street West in
Mastercard or AMEX via the College
Toronto to pay in person by cheque,
web site at www.oct.ca, available 24/7.
credit card, cash or direct debit. The
Our online payment system meets
College is open from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00
banking-industry standards for secu-
p.m., Monday to Friday.
rity and privacy, and you will get a
The annual membership fee is tax-
• You can also pay over the phone 24/7
deductible. The tax deduction covers
using the College’s automated voice
the membership fee for the calendar
system. Just call the College (416-961-
year – January 1 to December 31. You
8800 or 1-888-534-2222 in Ontario)
receive your Certificate of Qualification
and follow the voice prompts to the
and Registration and annual Ontario
payment system, where you will be
Certified Teacher card in the mail.
guided through the payment process
You can print an income tax receipt by
automatically. Our new automated
accessing your record in the Members’
voice system ensures that the College
Area of the College web site.
protects the security and privacy of
your financial information.
Tell us about changes
For the College to maintain accurate
• You can also pay by cheque, payable
and current records, it is essential that
to the Ontario College of Teachers.
our members inform us about changes
You must write your registration
to their personal information or
number on the cheque and mail it to:
Ontario College of Teachers, 101 Bloor
Street West, Toronto, ON M5S 0A1.
52 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
As a member College bylaws require that you notify Get involved in the work
of the Ontario the College – within 30 days – of any of your College
College of change of information, such as address or As a member of the Ontario College
Teachers, you name change. The name you are practis- of Teachers, you have a voice in how it
have a voice ing under must be the same name that regulates the practice of teaching.
in how it appears on the College’s register under
regulates the Find a Teacher. Your participation can range from
practice of running for a place on Council to writing
teaching. You may make changes to your personal an article for Professionally Speaking.
information online once you register in
the Members’ Area of the College web The College occasionally asks members
site. Here’s how: to contribute to the work of a committee
1. Go to www.oct.ca and choose English. or panel. Look for invitations to apply for
2. Choose Members in the top navigation these positions in the College magazine
bar. Log in, or create an account if you or on our web site at www.oct.ca. We may
don’t have one. also invite members to join feedback
3. Click on Update Your Profile in the sessions, participate in surveys or provide
right-hand navigation bar. written comments on drafts of policy
4. Make your changes. documents.
5. Click Save at the bottom of the page.
You’re done. All members are invited to attend the
College’s annual meeting of members,
If, however, you notify the College of which is announced in Professionally
changes in writing, please be sure to sign Speaking and on the College web site.
your request. This protects your private Council meetings are open to members
information. Unsigned requests for and the public.
changes to personal information and
qualifications cannot be processed and
will be returned to you.
In the event of a member’s death, we
require official notification from the
executor of the member’s estate to
change our records.
C O L L E G E M E M B E R S H I P 53
Elections requisite qualifications and are employed in
The College Council has 37 members, 23 one of the specified positions. All other mem-
of whom are elected by College members bers are eligible to vote for each of the seven
every three years. The current Council was system and panel positions.
elected on April 14, 2009 and began its
term on July 1, 2009. A College member interested in running
for election must be in good standing with
The Notice of the Election and Call the College, reside in Ontario and meet the The College
for Nominations, as well as information specific requirements for the position. No encourages all
on all the candidates, are published in member may stand for election for more its members
Professionally Speaking and on our than one position. to consider
web site. nominating
Voting is conducted online through the someone or
The elected Council positions are divided College’s highly secure web site. The to run for a
into separate electoral categories. Each College web site uses the same level of place on the
position has its own nomination criteria to encryption used by banks and credit card Council. It is
ensure adequate geographic, elementary, companies and keeps your member infor- your right to
secondary and system representation. mation and your vote secure and secret. To participate in the
vote, you need only log in to your private, business of your
There are two positions each – one for full- password-protected account in the self-governing
time members and the other for full-time Members’ Area of the College web site. professional
or part-time members – for Northwest, body.
Northeast, Southcentral, Southeast, The College encourages all its members to
Southwest and Central Ontario. There are consider nominating someone or to run for
a total of seven representatives for the var- a place on the Council. It is your right to
ious English- and French-language public participate in the business of your self-
and Catholic elementary and secondary governing professional body.
school systems. There is one position each
to represent principals/vice-principals, Services for members
supervisory officers, and members who All the information the College shares
teach in private schools and faculties of with its members is posted on the College
education. web site at www.oct.ca. If you are looking
for information about the College or your
College members are eligible to cast two membership in the College, www.oct.ca
votes for their regional representatives. should be your first stop.
Members may also vote for one of the four
additional category positions if they hold the
54 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Besides the information available Updating member records
online – including full-text issues of To protect your private information, we
Professionally Speaking – information require that some requests for changes
about the Council and committee be made in writing and be supported by
members, the accreditation process official documents. Without a signature
and the Find a Teacher section of the we must return your request to you.
web site, as well as a range of services, However, you can update personal
is available through the password- information such as your name,
protected Members’ Area. residential and e-mail addresses and
phone number online through your
Once you activate or establish your Members’ Area account.
account in the Members’ Area, you can
access your member information, update Your certificate
your address and phone number and The definitive version of your teaching
print updated copies of your Certificate certificate appears on the College’s
of Qualification and Registration. You web site.
can also give us an e-mail address, which
the College will use to send you informa- As with other professional licences, your
tion, such as news releases, or to issue teaching certificate must be renewed
updates in our electronic newsletter, annually. To maintain your good-standing
Your College and You. status with the College, your membership
fee is due each year on January 1.
The College treats your e-mail and postal Most employers (school boards, school
addresses as confidential information and authorities, private schools, and so on)
does not make them available to anyone. automatically deduct the fee from your
pay if you are employed full-time. You
Show your OCT Member discounts should consult your employer to find out
card and get Show your OCT card and get great if your fee will be deducted automatically.
great discounts on discounts on accommodations, cars, If not, look for reminders in our magazine,
accommodations, computers, books, school supplies and Professionally Speaking, and via e-mail.
cars, computers, even on real estate agents’ fees! You can
books, school receive discounts at attractions and Once we receive your annual fee payment,
supplies and even stores throughout Ontario by showing we will mail you a new OCT card and a
on real estate your College membership card or by copy of your teaching certificate. You can
agents’ fees! asking when you order over the phone. print additional copies of your certificate
Be sure to carry your card with you and or an income tax receipt from your
ask wherever you go – even at venues account in the secure Members’ Area
around the world – whether you can of the College web site.
have an OCT discount. For a complete
list of discounts, go to www.oct.ca and
click on OCT Discounts on the right side
of the main menu.
C O L L E G E M E M B E R S H I P 55
You may use the Request to Update If your marriage certificate is issued in a
Registry Information form available on language other than English or French,
our web site to let us know that informa- you must submit an original acceptable
tion on your certificate requires updating, translation. For translation requirements,
such as qualifications earned in Ontario, a please call the College.
degree or a program of teacher education.
If you apply in person, you may bring Need more info?
Qualifications and degree names appear the original document to the College’s www.oct.ca ➔ Forms
on the public register and on your certifi- Client Services Welcome Counter, where provides frequently
cate as they were reported by the provider a copy will be made and submitted with used documents
available for download.
or granting institution. For $24 you can a Request to Update Registry Information
ask the College to print and mail you an form. If you apply by mail, you will
updated copy of your certificate. Printing need to include a copy of the document,
your own updated certificate from the with the Request to Update Registry
Members’ Area at www.oct.ca is free and Information form, available at
can be done 24/7. www.oct.ca g Forms.
Changing your name Reinstatement procedure
The name you are practising under should Members who have not paid their
be the same name that appears on your annual fee by April 15 will have their
certificate. College bylaws require that status with the College changed to
you inform the College of any name Suspended – Non-Payment of Fees.
change. If you wish to register a legal
change of name with the College, we will Once suspended for non-payment of fees,
need a copy of one of these documents: a member can be reinstated by filling in a
• Change of Name Certificate Membership Reinstatement form, found
• court order made under change on the College web site, and paying a
of name legislation reinstatement fee along with the annual
• birth certificate membership fee.
• certificate of baptism if born in
Québec, Newfoundland or Labrador Members may pay the reinstatement fee
(prior to January 1994). by credit card online on the College web
site or by phone via the College’s auto-
If you have married and chosen to take mated payment system. You may also pay
your spouse’s surname and want to change in person or mail in a cheque.
your name on the College’s records, we
will need a photocopy of your marriage Suspended members do not receive their
certificate. If you wish to revert to a former annual Certificate of Qualification and
name, you may ask for a change of name Registration and are not licensed to teach
on the College’s records by supplying a in publicly funded schools in Ontario.
photocopy of a Change of Name Certificate
or one of the other documents listed above.
56 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Fees* They are not permitted to use the To request a Statement of Professional
professional designation OCT – Standing, you can fill out the form on the
Ontario Certified Teacher. College web site at www.oct.ca g Forms.
$24 You can also write to the College to
Members who were certified by the request a Statement of Professional
Registration appeal Ministry of Education but never registered Standing and include a $24 fee. Please
with the College may also be reinstated. For state your address, your College registra-
Reinstatement further information, please call the College. tion number and the name and address
$130 of the person or institution to whom you
This reinstatement procedure does not want the statement mailed.
Statement of apply to a former member whose certifi-
$24 cate may have been revoked as a result A quick, no-cost alternative is to direct
of a finding of professional misconduct, prospective employers to the College
Release of Personal incompetence or incapacity after a hearing web site so they can check your creden-
Information before the Discipline or Fitness to Practise tials immediately on the Find a Teacher
$24 per document
– maximum $72
committees. For information on this section of the web site. This section
process, please call the College. confirms your status with the College
Duplicate and your professional qualifications.
Documents Fees* Replacing a certificate
You can print your own duplicate from Release of Personal Information
Qualification and the Members’ Area for free, 24/7. The College’s privacy code allows you to
Registration gain access to copies of documents we
(The fee is waived if you Statement of have as part of your file. You can print
changed your name or if
it was misspelled.) Professional Standing a Request for Release of Personal
$24 If you want to provide information to Information form at www.oct.ca g Forms.
another jurisdiction about your status as a The fee is $24 per document to a maxi-
teacher in Ontario, you can get a Statement mum of $72 for multiple documents.
of Professional Standing from the College.
Other documents The statement includes information about Forms you may need
$24 your academic and professional qualifica- College forms are available online at
tions. It indicates your professional standing www.oct.ca g Forms. You can also
* ll fees quoted in the
handbook include all with the College and whether your certifi- request any forms by calling Client
applicable taxes. cate has ever been cancelled, revoked or Services at 416-961-8800 or toll-free in
suspended for cause. Ontario at 1-888-534-2222, or sending an
e-mail to email@example.com. Please see the list
of fees on this page.
C O L L E G E M E M B E R S H I P 57
Methods of payment Looking for a job?
• Quickest and easiest for you – and A click of the mouse on the Become a
our preferred payment option – is Teacher link on the College’s web site will
Visa, MasterCard or AMEX via the give you access to Jobs in Education, a
College web site at www.oct.ca, avail- collection of web sites that post teaching
able 24/7. Our online payment system jobs in Ontario. These four sites –
meets banking-industry standards for Education Canada, Jobs in Education,
security and privacy, and you will get a Apply To Education and Workopolis –
receipt immediately. also offer other useful services like resumé
• You can also pay over the phone 24/7 posting, custom-tailored job searches and
using the College’s new automated information on certification, salary ranges
voice system. Just call the College and jobs by geographical location.
(416-961-8800 or 1-888-534-2222 in
Ontario) and follow the voice prompts School boards from every province are
to the payment system, where you will now posting jobs on all these sites, which
be guided through the payment pro- are also officially recognized by the
cess automatically. Our new auto- Ministry of Education as fulfilling the
mated voice system ensures that the requirements for advertising vacant
College meets the highest standards of teaching positions.
the international credit card payment
system, and protects the security and Margaret Wilson Library
privacy of your financial information. The Margaret Wilson Library collection of
• You can also pay by cheque, payable English and French publications covers a
to the Ontario College of Teachers. broad range of education subjects, includ-
You must write your registration ing classroom management, leadership,
number on the cheque and mail it to: ethical standards and standards of practice,
Ontario College of Teachers, 101 Bloor teaching strategies, mentoring and learning
Street West, Toronto, ON M5S 0A1. disabilities. They are available for borrow-
• Or you may visit the College’s Client ing free of charge by mail or in person.
Services Welcome Counter on the
14th floor at 101 Bloor Street West in The library supports the professional
Toronto to pay in person by cheque, learning of College members and the work
credit card, cash or direct debit. of the College Council, committees and
The College is open from 8:30 a.m. staff. Besides more than 8,000 education-
to 5:00 p.m., Monday to Friday. related books and videos, you will find:
• 200 professional journals and general
• more than 700 French-language books,
videos and journals
• a searchable online catalogue
58 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
• full-text databases through EBSCO access to over 8,000 full-text journals, 700
Information Services full-text newspapers and 317,000 full-text
• Council records education documents. If you’re keen to
• a provincial legislation collection read the latest issues of magazines or
• government documents including journals, you can create an account with
Statistics Canada publications EBSCO and receive alerts for new issues.
• newspapers, both in print and online
• several work stations with Internet Using the library in Toronto
access The library is located at the Ontario
• WiFi for your own laptop. College of Teachers, 12th floor, 101 Bloor
Street West in Toronto. Hours are from
You can browse our full catalogue online at 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday to Friday.
www.oct.ca g Members g Your Library and
request, renew and track materials online. You do not have to make an appointment
to use the library. However, calling ahead
New premium research service will let the staff prepare for your visit and
You can now electronically access up-to- set aside time to orient you.
date, premium content in any subject
area. The library now provides direct For members who are unable to return
access for you to EBSCO, the world’s materials during library hours, there is a
foremost research database service. drop box behind the building, off St.
Full-text articles are at your fingertips any Thomas Street. The drop box is accessible
time of the day or night, free for College 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
members. Previously, you had to e-mail a
request to the College. Now, you can log in
to the Members’ Area and get immediate
“ try to teach through
Everything I do: the
committee work, the
colleagues – it’s all
about finding ways to
benefit our students,
to help them learn
better and have fun
as they learn.”
Andrew Schmitt, OCT
If you can’t get to the College • Fees for copier and printer use are
The library provides many services on the 20 cents a page. Please bring your
Internet and is continually adding more. College membership card with you
The library catalogue, conference listings, when you visit the library.
a monthly listing of new acquisitions,
links to web-based journals and video Communicating with you
holdings are examples. Professionally Speaking
Professionally Speaking is the definitive
The library also sends items by mail or source of need-to-know information for
will fax to members who do not have teachers in Ontario. This award-winning, Professionally Speaking is a
Internet access or for services not avail- full-colour magazine is published quar- rich source of book reviews,
articles, web references and
able through the Internet. terly in English and French. The French other teaching aids.
edition is Pour parler profession. The
We’ll mail books and videos postage-free magazine provides a forum for the discus-
to your home or school address. Use the sion of issues relevant to the future of
special return-mailing label and you can teaching and learning, teachers’ profes-
mail books back to the library, again at sional learning and standards of practice.
no charge. Every issue contains many suggestions
for teachers on where to find useful
Some of the library’s services are: books, articles, conferences or seminars
• results of searches done by staff and web sites.
• updates on the status of legislation and
regulations Professionally Speaking/Pour parler pro-
has one of
• conference calendars fession has one of the largest readerships
• contact information for education of education magazines in North
associations and stakeholders America. Current and past issues are
• loans of books and videos by mail. available online in full text at www.oct.ca.
Your Library page Currently, advertising revenues pay more
If you have opened a Members’ Area than half the cost of producing and mail-
account, log in and choose Your Library ing the magazine to members. The per
to access your customized library page. member annual cost for four issues –
including postage – is $2.95.
Policies on service
• Library materials are available on loan The College is required by law to for-
to members only. A loan is for three mally notify each member of Council
weeks and is limited to eight items. meetings and keep you up to date on
• Faculty of education students may use decisions made by the College Council
the library on site for reference but and committees. This information is con-
have no lending privileges. tained in the magazine’s Governing
• Magazines do not go out on loan. Ourselves pages. They carry information
• Your College membership number is about College activities, including accred-
also your library access number. itation reviews of teacher education pro-
60 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Title Block viders, results of disciplinary hearings, Other publications
notification of Council resolutions, finan- The College produces a number of other
cial reports, professional advisories and publications, each with a specific focus –
changes in College policy that affect you annual reports, this handbook for new
as a teacher. members, Thinking About Teaching? to
guide those who want to enter the profes-
Contributing to the magazine
Thinking sion, news releases, registration guides for
Professionally Speaking welcomes applicants for College membership, bro-
contributions from College members chures on the investigations and hearings
All of these publications but normally receives many more articles processes, professional advisories, and
are placed in full text on the than can be used. An editorial board research documents and reports.
College web site for you
to read online or download.
appointed by the College Council reviews
They can be found at all contributions and selects the articles All of these publications are placed in
www.oct.ca g Publications.
to be published. full text on the College web site for you
to read online or download. They can be
Contributions should be approximately found at www.oct.ca g Publications.
1,500 words in length. They must be sub-
mitted in electronic format, either on disk Conferences and other events
or sent by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Articles Listings of conferences are found at the
may be in French or English. back of each issue of Professionally
Speaking. To list your conference, send
Your College and You the information to email@example.com as far
The College’s electronic newsletter, Your in advance of the event as you can, but at
College and You, keeps our members up to least four months ahead. The College will
date on changes to policies and procedures also post your event in the conference list
governing the profession, and provides on the College web site. You can send us
information on issues relevant to teachers. the notice closer to the event if you only
The newsletter is sent out periodically to want it listed on the web site, but fewer
members who have provided their e-mail educators will see it there than would in
address through the Members’ Area and the College magazine.
who opt to receive this e-news service.
Two College Members in Your Household?
If there are two College members in your house- Retired teachers and others who want to keep in
hold, you can ask to receive only one copy of touch can subscribe to Professionally Speaking
Professionally Speaking. E-mail the College for $10 a year, or $20 if outside Canada.
at firstname.lastname@example.org or call us at 416-961-8800
or toll-free in Ontario at 1-888-534-2222.
C O L L E G E M E M B E R S H I P 61
Inspire to Learn
Driven to motivate
“ f I can save one young person per
year from dropping out, that’s what’s
really fulfilling. Thirty students in 30
years would be fantastic.”
Marc Lalonde, OCT
For the first time in the history of Ontario
education, teachers in this province have
a professional designation. In fact, this
was a first for Canadian educators.
F O u n D A T I O n S O F P R O F E S S I O n A L P R A C T I C E 63
Your mark of professionalism This guide is intended to help Symbol of respect Frequently Asked
you, as a member of the Ontario
For the first time in the history of Ontario of Teachers, use to members indicated they favoured
your Q. How will the College enforce the correct use of the
A. The College’s process for discipline will apply to members
who are alleged to have abused the OCT designation.
Non-members who use the designation to falsify their
Q. Can retired teachers still use the OCT designation?
A. Yes, if they maintain their good standing status with the
College by paying their annual membership fees.
reflect your membership in a professional standing will be prosecuted to the fullest Q. Is OCT a lifetime designation?
of professional designation through the
education, teachers in this province havecommunitya professionals.
extent of the law. A. No. Its use is limited only to members who are in good
standing with the College. Members who do not pay their
Q. Can I use OCT next to my name as a presenter at membership fees, who resign, or who for disciplinary
a conference, on any books I author or in any work reasons have been suspended or have had their teaching
I do as a consultant? certificate revoked are ineligible to use the designation.
A. Yes, by all means, as long as you are a member in good
Your membership card, updated standing with the College. Q. What if I stop working for my board, or change
a professional designation. In fact, this College’s annual member survey, focus
annually upon receipt of your fee, is my place of employment? Can I still use the
proof of your membership in the
Q. What happens if a member falls out of good professional designation?
College and your privilege to teach in A. Yes. The designation is not tied to employment.
Ontario’s publicly funded schools. standing and their name appears in a print or online Ontario teachers – like other
publication with the professional designation? professionals – now have a
If you are a member in good standing with the College,
A. If your teaching certificate has been revoked, if professional designation they can the designation follows you wherever you work.
you have retired or if you have failed to pay your use. It’s a first for Canadian teachers
membership fee, you cannot use the professional
and a new mark of professionalism. Q. Can private or independent school teachers use
was a first for Canadian educators. groups and an extensive electronic poll
designation and you may be subject to professional the designation?
misconduct and/or legal charges. A. They can if they are certified, qualified members of the
Ontario College of Teachers. By choice, many are, even
Q. Do conference presenters who lose the privilege though they are not required to be by law.
to use the professional designation have a duty/
responsibility to inform conference organizers, Q. Can teachers who work in non-classroom settings
publishers or others that they are no longer eligible use the professional designation?
designed and managed by expert firms
to use the designation? A. Yes. All College members in good standing, including
A. Yes. Those who are ineligible to use the professional those in administrative positions such as principals, vice-
principals and supervisory officers are encouraged to use
designation will be prosecuted for unauthorized use.
the OCT designation.
Q. Shouldn’t my PhD appear first on my business card?
A. No. All academic degrees should follow your professional
designation. Academic degrees are conferred by
Q. What do I do if I see somebody using the
professional designation incorrectly? Certified
A. Please report any misuse of the professional designation
The Ontario College of Teachers outside the College. They told us they
universities upon successful completion of course work
in a specific area of study. The OCT designation signifies to the College’s Investigations and Hearings Department.
The College could also litigate under trademark laws.
your certification with the regulatory body for the
teaching profession and the right to teach in Ontario’s
publicly funded schools and school systems. Its proper use OCT is an appropriate description Q. I frequently refer to the College as OCT.
For additional information:
Ontario College of Teachers
signifies your association with the recognized community
of teaching professionals in Ontario.
of you as an individual certified
teacher and as a member of the
Isn’t it confusing to use the same term for the
professional designation? Your
A. OCT is an appropriate description of you as an individual
launched the Ontario Certified Teacher wanted a symbol of personal, professional
E-mail: email@example.com collective of Ontario’s teachers certified teacher and as a member of the collective of
www.oct.ca Q. Can I decide to include OCT after my name in
Ontario’s teachers, which has been granted powers to
To report misuse, please
phone Investigations and
handwritten notes I send home to parents?
A. Yes. It is appropriate and encouraged to use the
designation as a symbol of professionalism in your
self-regulate by Ontario’s legislature. The College
comprises more than 220,000 OCTs, professionals like
Hearings at 416-961-8800
or toll-free in Ontario at correspondence. you who are certified to teach in Ontario’s publicly
1-888-534-2222. funded schools.
(OCT) designation in the fall of 2009. achievement.
Cette publication est également disponible en français sous le titre de Enseignante
agréée de l’Ontario Enseignant agréé de l’Ontario EAO Votre titre professionnel.
You belong to a community
The College Council grants the OCT OCT is that symbol. It’s an important of highly educated, responsible
and caring practitioners who
designation to members in good standing. distinction and one the College hopes are committed to helping
The designation signifies that you: you will use frequently in the months Ontario students develop
• are certified and qualified to teach and years ahead.
in Ontario’s publicly funded schools
• possess distinct knowledge and skills The College includes the professional
specific to teaching designation on certificates, correspon-
• engage in ongoing learning throughout dence, the public register and Council
your career decisions.
• belong to a community of highly
educated, responsible and caring practi- OCT is not a lifetime award. Only those
tioners who are committed to helping who maintain their good standing with
Ontario students develop and succeed. the College can use the designation.
Those who resign, retire, fail to pay their
Teaching was one of the only self-regulated membership fees, or whose teaching cer-
professions in the province without a tificate has been revoked or suspended
professional designation. Most people are for disciplinary reasons are ineligible
familiar with RN, CA, and PEng as desig- to use it.
nations for nurses, chartered accountants
and engineers. The abbreviations become We encourage you to use OCT in your
common fixtures in everyday language, professional correspondence and wher-
symbolic of the professions and respected ever you can to promote professionalism
titles for their practitioners. in teaching. For more information on the
designation, visit www.oct.ca.
OCT lets students, parents and the public
know that you belong to a community of
highly educated professionals, people
whose practice is guided and informed by
the profession’s standards of practice and
64 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Ontario Certified Teacher
The Mark of Professionalism
Carmen Wong, CA
Bryan Tiongson, RN
Michael Limerick, OCT
Alicia Fraser, PEng
A Community of Professionals
How do you recognize professionals in Ontario? Look next to
their name. Only qualified, certified teachers who are members
of the Ontario College of Teachers can use the professional
designation, OCT – Ontario Certified Teacher.
The OCT designation tells students, parents and the public
that teachers are guided and informed by ethical standards
and standards of practice.
To learn more, visit www.oct.ca.
Investigations and Hearings
The College investigates complaints
against its members related to professional
misconduct, incompetence or incapacity.
The College strives to ensure fair and
impartial treatment for its members while
protecting the public interest.
66 A C O M M I T M E n T T O L I F E L O n G L E A R n I n G
As members of a profession, teachers are The College’s responsibility for investigating
always on duty. Just as doctors, lawyers, complaints against members of the College
nurses, engineers and other professionals and dealing with issues of discipline and
are bound by certain standards of con- fitness to practise is outlined in the Ontario
duct, so too are teachers. You should be College of Teachers Act.
aware that teachers are expected to be
professionals 24/7 and that the College Complaints to the College must relate
may investigate if a complaint of alleged to alleged professional misconduct,
professional misconduct, incompetence incompetence or incapacity. The College
or incapacity is made against you. does not investigate complaints that are
outside its jurisdiction or that are frivo-
The courts, including the Supreme Court, lous, vexatious or an abuse of process.
have made it clear that teachers are, in a
sense, always role models and that “they When someone calls or writes the College
do not necessarily check their teaching to express a concern about a member,
hats at the schoolyard gate and may be College staff assesses the nature of the
perceived to be wearing their teaching complaint and, when appropriate, may
hats even off duty.” discuss with the caller or the writer other
ways to resolve the dispute, such as talk-
This notion needs to be viewed through ing with the teacher, principal or school
the lens of reasonable expectation of board officials.
conduct. One of the privileges associated
with professional self-regulation is that Formal complaints, which must be in
the public has entrusted the profession to writing, may be made by a member of
determine what a reasonable expectation the public, a member of the College, the
of conduct looks like through the deci- Registrar of the College or the Minister
sions and reasons of a panel of peers. of Education.
During an investigation of allegations
against a member, the College acts in
a fair and impartial way to respect the
member’s rights while protecting the
I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 67
Investigations and Hearings
Investigating a complaint College committees that Need more info?
Under the direction of the Investigation deal with complaints www.oct.ca ➔
Committee, College investigators Three College committees deal with
investigate complaints in a fair and complaints: the Investigation Committee, for the brochure Steps
impartial manner. which conducts a documentation review to Take: If a Complaint
of information related to the complaint; is Filed Against You
Typically, an investigation involves the Discipline Committee, which holds
these steps: hearings related to alleged professional
• The complainant gives the investigator misconduct and incompetence; and the
all relevant information about the Fitness to Practise Committee, which holds
complaint, including any documents hearings related to alleged incapacity.
and materials, such as photographs Three-member panels make decisions by
or physical evidence. considering the information and evidence
• The investigator asks the complainant related to a complaint. The panels must
to confirm the allegations in writing. include both elected teacher and
• The investigator notifies the member appointed public members of Council.
by phone and in writing of the allega-
tions and provides information about Investigation Committee
the investigation process. The Investigation Committee reviews the
• Members are encouraged to investigator’s report and the supporting
contact their federation, professional documentation. The panel examines all
organization or lawyer. the relevant information the College has
• The member is invited to submit a obtained regarding the complaint. Based
written response within 30 days of on its examination, the panel may:
receiving notice of the complaint. • take no further action regarding
• The investigator seeks information the complaint
from people and organizations who • caution, admonish, remind or advise
may have knowledge of the alleged the member
conduct or actions of the member. • ratify a memorandum of agreement
• The investigator forwards the reached through the Dispute
member’s written response to the Resolution Program
complainant for comment. • refer the matter to a discipline or
• The investigator prepares a report a fitness to practise hearing.
outlining information gathered,
which a panel of the Investigation The complainant, the member and the
Committee reviews with the member’s employer (if the member is
supporting documentation. employed as a teacher) receive a copy of
the panel’s decision and its reasons, unless
the matter is referred to a hearing, in which
case no reasons for the decision are
expressed. If the subject of the complaint
was brought to the College’s attention by a
former employer, the former employer will
also receive a copy of the decision.
68 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Investigations and Hearings
Discipline Committee Fitness to Practise Committee
The Discipline Committee considers alle- When the Investigation Committee refers
gations of incompetence and professional a complaint to the Fitness to Practise
misconduct that are referred to it by the Committee, a panel of this committee
Investigation Committee. Discipline holds a hearing to determine whether a
matters are dealt with in public hearings physical or mental condition or disorder
before a three-member panel. The panel exists that makes a member unfit to carry
is composed of at least one elected and out professional responsibilities or if a
one appointed member. certificate should be made subject to
terms, conditions or limitations. Such a
If the panel finds the member guilty of hearing is not open to the public unless
professional misconduct or incompetence, the member requests that it be open.
it may do one or more of the following:
• direct the Registrar to revoke the If the panel finds a member to be
member’s certificate incapacitated, it may direct the Registrar
• direct the Registrar to suspend the to revoke the member’s teaching
certificate for up to two years certificate, suspend the certificate for up
• direct the Registrar to impose to two years, impose terms, conditions
terms, conditions or limitations or limitations on the certificate, or post-
on the certificate pone a decision for a specific period to
• postpone a decision for a specific provide the member with an opportunity
period to provide the member with to fulfil certain conditions.
The College an opportunity to fulfill certain
information In findings of professional misconduct
about its only, the committee may also:
members. • require the member to be reprimanded,
Council admonished or counselled by the
and College • impose a fine of up to $5,000
staff keep this • publish its order, in detail or in summary,
information with or without the member’s name, in
confidential. the College’s magazine
• order costs to be paid by the member.
Decisions from open hearings of the
committee are available through the
Margaret Wilson Library and Quicklaw.
I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 69
Investigations and Hearings
The College uses a voluntary Dispute The College safeguards personal informa-
Resolution Program to promote the tion about its members. Council members
resolution of suitable complaints. The and College staff keep this information
program is available at all stages of the confidential.
complaint process. Dispute resolution
may be used as an alternative to a full Under the Ontario College of Teachers
investigation or contested hearing. A Act, the penalty for any member of the
matter is considered suitable for dispute College Council or staff who fails to
resolution if it can be resolved in the keep information confidential is a fine
public interest and if the result reflects of up to $25,000.
what would be achieved after a full hear-
ing or investigation. Dispute resolution Professional misconduct
allows the complainant and the member The Professional Misconduct Regulation
to play more active roles in determining describes what actions, or failures to act,
the outcome. constitute professional misconduct on the
part of College members.
If the parties reach an agreement, a
panel of the appropriate committee
must approve it. If the parties fail to
agree, the matter proceeds by way of
an investigation or hearing.
The College does not comment on investi-
gations or complaints unless they are
referred to a public hearing. This practice
protects the member and the complainant
and avoids possible prejudice to the process.
70 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Investigations and Hearings
Professional Misconduct i) the student (or if the student is a
Regulation minor, the student’s parent or
The Professional Misconduct Regulation guardian) consents to the release
(made under the Ontario College of or disclosure, or
Teachers Act) ii) if the release or disclosure is
required or allowed by law.
The following acts are defined as 7. Abusing a student verbally.
professional misconduct for the purpose
of subsection 30 (2) of the Act: 7.1 Abusing a student physically.
uses a 1. Providing false information or 7.2 Abusing a student psychologically
voluntary documents to the College or any or emotionally.
Dispute person with respect to the member’s
Resolution professional qualifications. 7.3 Abusing a student sexually.
promote the 2. Inappropriately using a term, title or 8. Practising or purporting to practise
resolution designation indicating a specializa- the profession while under the influence
of suitable tion in the profession which is not of any substance or while adversely
complaints. specified on the member’s Certificate affected by any dysfunction,
of Qualification and Registration. i) which the member knows or ought
to know impairs the member’s
3. Permitting, counselling or assisting ability to practise, and
any person who is not a member to ii) in respect of which treatment has
represent himself or herself as a previously been recommended,
member of the College. ordered or prescribed but the
member has failed to follow the
4. Using a name other than the treatment.
member’s name, as set out in the
register, in the course of his or her 9. Contravening a term, condition or
professional duties. limitation imposed on the member’s
Certificate of Qualification and
5. Failing to maintain the standards Registration.
of the profession.
10. Failing to keep records as required by
6. Releasing or disclosing information his or her professional duties.
about a student to a person other than
the student or, if the student is a minor, 11. Failing to supervise adequately a
the student’s parent or guardian. The person who is under the professional
release or disclosure of information is supervision of the member.
not an act of professional misconduct if,
I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 71
Investigations and Hearings
12. Signing or issuing, in the member’s 21. Failing to comply with an order of a
professional capacity, a document that panel of the Discipline Committee or
the member knows or ought to know an order of a panel of the Fitness to
contains a false, improper or misleading Practise Committee.
22. Failing to co-operate in a College
13. Falsifying a record relating to the investigation.
member’s professional responsibilities.
23. Failing to take reasonable steps to
14. Failing to comply with the Act, the ensure that requested information is
regulations or the bylaws. provided in a complete and accurate
manner if the member is required to
15. Failing to comply with the Education provide information to the College
Act or the regulations made under under the Act and the regulations.
that Act, if the member is subject
to that Act. 24. Failing to abide by a written under-
taking given by the member to the
16. Contravening a law if the contravention College or an agreement entered The College
is relevant to the member’s suitability into by the member with the College. deals with
to hold a Certificate of Qualification complaints made
and Registration. 25. Failing to respond adequately or by members,
within a reasonable time to a written employers and
17. Contravening a law if the contravention inquiry from the College. the public.
has caused or may cause a student who
is under the member’s professional 26. Practising the profession while the
supervision to be put at or to remain member is in a conflict of interest.
27. Failing to comply with the member’s
18. An act or omission that, having duty under the Child and Family
regard to all the circumstances, Services Act.
would reasonably be regarded by
members as disgraceful, dishonour- Section 2
able or unprofessional. A finding of incompetence, professional
misconduct or a similar finding against a
19. Conduct unbecoming a member. member by a governing authority of the
teaching profession in a jurisdiction other
20. Failing to appear before a panel of than Ontario that is based on facts that
the Investigation Committee to be would, in the opinion of the Discipline
cautioned or admonished, if the Committee, constitute professional
Investigation Committee has misconduct as defined in Section 1
required the member to appear is defined as professional misconduct
under clause 26 (5)(c) of the Act. for the purposes of subsection 30 (2)
of the Act.
72 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Professional Advisory on Sexual
Abuse and Professional Misconduct
The College issued this professional advi- The term “sexual abuse” is defined by
sory – its first – in October 2002. It was the Student Protection Act (see Sexual
distributed to College members in the Abuse, page 75). The term “sexual mis-
December 2002 issue of Professionally conduct” is used in this advisory to refer
Speaking. The College also held a series to any behaviour of a sexual nature which
of 18 meetings throughout the province may constitute professional misconduct.
with school board officials, federation
representatives, College members, com- Members of the College should consult
munity childcare providers, Children’s their employer’s policies to ensure that
Aid officials, parent groups, the police they are familiar with all expectations
and the media to build public awareness and obligations that may exist in their
of the advisory. particular workplaces and communities
related to the contents of this profes-
Professional Misconduct sional advisory.
Related To Sexual Abuse
and Sexual Misconduct This advisory applies to all members of
The Council of the Ontario College of the Ontario College of Teachers, including
Teachers has approved this professional but not limited to teachers, consultants,
advisory. The intent of this advisory is to vice-principals, principals, supervisory
help members of the College identify the officers, directors of education and those
legal, ethical and professional parameters working in non-school board positions.
that govern their behaviour and to prevent
sexual abuse of students and sexual miscon- Why an advisory on professional
duct. This advisory is not to be construed as misconduct of a sexual nature?
providing an exhaustive list of unacceptable Public and professional sensitivity to and
behaviours, but rather is intended to awareness of sexual abuse and sexual
provide examples and guidance. misconduct has increased in recent years,
not only in teaching but also in other pro-
The authority of the College to investigate fessions, particularly where people are in
complaints against members of the College positions of trust and moral authority.
and to deal with issues of professional In April 2000 the provincial government
misconduct is stated in the Ontario College released Protecting Our Students: A
of Teachers Act. The Investigation Review to Identify and Prevent Sexual
Committee and the Discipline Committee Misconduct in Ontario Schools, the report
of the College may consider this advisory of former Justice Sydney L. Robins. This
when reviewing allegations of professional report made numerous recommendations
misconduct. The Discipline Committee for the teaching profession, including a
will determine, in each case, whether par- recommendation for the College to
ticular behaviour amounts to professional clarify and elaborate on members’
misconduct. obligations and professional duties.
I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 73
Investigations and Hearings
Student Protection Act This advisory helps clarify members’
In June 2002 the Ontario legislature responsibilities to the profession – to
passed Bill 101, the Student Protection govern their own conduct and to
Act. This Act modified existing legislation understand clearly what conduct by
and placed new obligations on members other members does not conform to
of the profession. The College issued this professional standards, provincial law
professional advisory as the Student and the Criminal Code.
Protection Act came into force.
Understanding the legal, ethical and
Building on the ethical standards professional parameters of behaviour is
and the standards of practice central to a member’s successful career.
Members of the College demonstrate This advisory helps members recognize
care for and commitment to students when they are at risk of breaching those
that require them to act in students’ best parameters.
interests and report suspicious behaviour
or allegations of professional misconduct Even though many of the behaviours
of a sexual nature to appropriate authorities. described here may be unthinkable to most
Members must take a student’s disclosure members, the College has an obligation
of abuse or exploitation seriously, even if to identify them so that the parameters of
some allegations prove to be unfounded. professional behaviour are clear. Ignorance
Dealing with victim disclosure requires of the law or College regulations is not an
professional judgment. This advisory acceptable excuse. Engaging in sexual abuse
provides some criteria to assist members of students or sexual misconduct is a form
in using their judgment. of professional misconduct and will result in
an investigation and disciplinary action by
Members maintain professional relation- the College. Consequences may include the
ships with students and recognize the suspension or revocation of a member’s
trust that the public places in them. They Certificate of Qualification and Registration
are aware of the negative impact of and membership in the teaching profession.
boundary violations on students. They
respond professionally to victims’ allega-
tions by collaborating with other profes-
sionals such as police, child and family
services, and College investigators.
74 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Investigations and Hearings
Sexual abuse Professional misconduct
Sexual abuse is a form of professional Professional misconduct includes, but is
misconduct. The Student Protection Act not limited to, sexual abuse of a student
defines sexual abuse of a student and by a member. Professional misconduct of
amends the Ontario College of Teachers a sexual nature could involve a member’s
Act to include this definition: own students, other students or children,
i) sexual intercourse or other forms or even adults, if the Discipline
of physical sexual relations between Committee of the College determines
the member and a student, that the behaviour amounts to an act
ii) touching, of a sexual nature, of defined as professional misconduct.
the student by the member, or
iii) behaviour or remarks of a sexual There may be forms of professional
nature by the member towards misconduct that do not fall within the
the student. definition of sexual abuse but which may
be considered sexual misconduct. These
Accordingly, members should avoid: behaviours could nonetheless fall within
• sexual relations or sexual intercourse the definition of sexual misconduct and
with a student constitute professional misconduct. These
• any form of sexual touching of a student behaviours may include sexual harassment
• any sexual contact, including behaviour and sexual relationships with students or
or remarks of a sexual nature, regard- any conduct which may lead to an unpro-
less of the age of the student or any fessional and inappropriate relationship
apparent consent by the student. with a student. The latter is often called
The College deals with complaints made
by members, employers and the public.
Written complaints of alleged sexual
abuse of a student or sexual misconduct
have to be investigated by the College
if they fall within the definition of
I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 75
Investigations and Hearings
Ultimately, the determination of whether • 1(18) an act or omission that, having
particular behaviour constitutes profes- regard to all the circumstances, would
sional misconduct will be made by the reasonably be regarded by members
Discipline Committee based on the defi- as disgraceful, dishonourable or
nition of sexual abuse, as well as the other unprofessional
definitions of professional misconduct
contained in the Professional Misconduct • 1(19) conduct unbecoming a member.
• 1(5) failing to maintain the standards Inappropriate behaviour or remarks of
of the profession a sexual nature which may constitute
professional misconduct include, but are
• 1(7) abusing a student verbally not limited to, conduct that would
1(7.1) abusing a student physically amount to sexual harassment or sexual
1(7.2) abusing a student psychologi- discrimination under the Ontario Human
cally or emotionally Rights Code. These need not be overtly
1(7.3) abusing a student sexually sexual but may nonetheless demean
or cause personal embarrassment to a
• 1(14) failing to comply with the student, based upon a student’s gender,
Ontario College of Teachers Act, race or sexual orientation.
the regulations or the bylaws
Members should avoid even a single event
• 1(15) failing to comply with the that may constitute sexual harassment,
Education Act or the regulations including but not limited to:
made under that Act, if the member • objectionable conduct or comments
is subject to that Act incompatible with the role of a
member, regardless of whether the
• 1(16) contravening a law if the affected students appear to be
contravention is relevant to the offended by the conduct or comments
member’s suitability to hold a • sexual harassment of non-students or
Certificate of Qualification and of co-workers
Registration • reprisals or threatened reprisals for
rejecting sexual advances.
• 1(17) contravening a law if the
contravention has caused or may cause
a student who is under the member’s
professional supervision to be put at
or to remain at risk
76 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Investigations and Hearings
Sexual relationships Members should not engage in activity
Regardless of the age of a student directed to establishing a sexual relation-
and whether there are any criminal ship. This includes, but is not limited to:
law considerations, it is unacceptable • any form of sexual touching
for a member to engage in or attempt • sending intimate letters to students
to establish a sexual relationship with • making telephone calls of a personal
a student. Professional misconduct nature to students
includes, but is not limited to, any • engaging in sexualized dialogue
sexual relationship with: through the Internet with students
i) a student, regardless of the student’s age • making suggestive comments
ii) a former student under the age of 18 to students
iii) a former student who suffers from a • dating students.
disability affecting his or her ability
to consent to a relationship. Such conduct is inappropriate even if
the conduct does not result in the estab-
Responsibility for ensuring that a member- lishment of a relationship. Engaging in a
student relationship is professional and sexual relationship with a person who is
appropriate rests with the member and not under the age of 18, or in relation to
with the student. This remains the case whom the member holds a position of
even when it is the student who attempts trust or authority, may also constitute
to initiate an inappropriate relationship. professional misconduct, regardless
Any conduct directed to establishing such of whether the person is a student or
a relationship may constitute professional former student.
Knowing the limits – the
It is not necessary that the student be responsibility of each member
in the member’s own class. A student There are situations, activities and actions
may be a student who is in the school where members should be cautious. Even
or school system where the member is though an action or event may seem to be
employed, or in relation to whom a in a student’s best interest, members need
member is otherwise considered to hold to consider thoroughly the implications
a position of trust and responsibility. and appearance of the action or event
I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 77
Investigations and Hearings
Members have an additional responsibility • whether the activity would reasonably
to avoid activities that may reasonably be regarded as conduct intended to
raise concerns as to their propriety. promote or facilitate an inappropriate
Keeping this in mind can help members personal relationship with a student
avoid complaints to either their employer • the extent to which the activities might
or to the College, and can help protect reasonably be regarded as posing a risk
students by detecting and preventing sexual to the personal integrity or security of
abuse or sexual misconduct by others. a student, or as contributing to any
student’s level of discomfort
Using good judgment • whether the conduct would reasonably
Members understand that students be regarded as being in the best interests
depend on teachers to interpret what is of the student.
right and wrong. This judgment can be
difficult when certain acts seem innocent Members should avoid:
but may be considered later as a prelude • inviting individual students to
to sexual abuse or sexual misconduct. their homes
• seeing students in private and
In the interests of student safety, when isolated situations
members use their professional judgment • exchanging personal notes,
about their own or others’ activities they comments or e-mails
should be mindful of these and other • becoming personally involved in
considerations: students’ affairs
• whether the activities are known to, or • giving personal gifts to students
approved by, supervisors and/or parents • sharing personal information
or legal guardians about themselves
• whether the student is physically • making physical contact of a
isolated from other observers, for sexual nature.
example, behind closed doors
• whether the circumstances are urgent or When meeting with students, members
an emergency (providing transportation should, whenever possible, ensure that:
in a blizzard, for example) • classroom and office doors are left open
• whether the education environment • a third party is present or aware of
might be detrimentally affected by the meeting
the activities • the student is not physically isolated
from other observers, for example,
behind closed doors
• they are not alone with an individual
student except in urgent or emergency
78 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Investigations and Hearings
Reporting suspected or alleged Employer responsibilities
inappropriate sexual behaviour Similarly, employers were previously
If a member of the College has reasonable required to report to the College
grounds to suspect the sexual abuse of members who had been convicted of
students or sexual misconduct, the member an offence under the Criminal Code
has a responsibility to report the suspected involving sexual conduct and minors.
or alleged case to appropriate authorities. The Student Protection Act stipulates
This includes one or more or all of the that employers must now report to the
following: child and family services, police, College at the time a member is charged
the employer and the Ontario College with a sexual offence.
Responsibility of the Ontario
Adverse report and College of Teachers
anti-reprisal provisions The Investigation Committee of the
The Student Protection Act also amended College is responsible for investigating
the Teaching Profession Act. A member complaints relating to a member’s alleged
who makes an adverse report about professional misconduct, incompetence or
another member respecting suspected incapacity. Allegations of misconduct may
sexual abuse of a student by that other result in charges under the Professional
member need not provide him or her Misconduct Regulation made under the
with a copy of the report or with any Ontario College of Teachers Act. If the
information about the report. Investigation Committee refers a case to
the Discipline Committee, a panel of the
Members of the College may not engage Discipline Committee will conduct a
in, or threaten to engage in, reprisals hearing to determine whether the alleged
against anyone who discloses, reports conduct constitutes professional misconduct.
or otherwise provides information with
respect to alleged or suspected profes-
sional misconduct of a sexual nature.
I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 79
Investigations and Hearings
Relevant legislation • deems those who previously held an
Teachers are governed by several pieces Ontario Teacher’s Certificate or Letter
of legislation and the regulations made of Standing issued by the Ministry of
under them. The College web site at Education to hold the corresponding
www.oct.ca g About the College g Certificate of Qualification and
Education Legislation carries the full Registration issued by the College Need more info?
text of these laws and regulations or a • defines the process for qualified
About the College
link to them at e-laws. individuals to register as members for full-text versions of
of the College. education legislation
Ontario College of Teachers Act
• establishes the Ontario College Professional Misconduct Regulation
of Teachers • defines a range of infractions that can be
• defines the scope of authority considered as professional misconduct –
of the College in governing the from providing false information on
teaching profession and protecting professional qualifications and failing to
the public interest maintain the standards of the profession
• sets out the duties of a teacher as a to abusing a student physically, sexually,
member of the profession – to pay the verbally, psychologically or emotionally.
annual membership fees, provide
information required by the College, Accreditation Regulation
fulfill ongoing education requirements, • establishes the parameters of the
uphold the standards of the profession College’s responsibility to accredit
and avoid doing things that result in teacher education programs
disciplinary measures being taken by in Ontario.
the College because of misconduct or
Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation
• outlines how new members qualify for
a Certificate of Qualification and
• sets out the process and requirements
for obtaining basic and additional
qualifications, including principal’s and
supervisory officer’s qualifications
80 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1
Investigations and Hearings
Education Act Education Accountability Act
• sets duties and responsibilities of the • sets province-wide standards for
Minister of Education, the school teaching time in secondary schools,
boards, school board supervisory average class sizes at both the
officers, principals, teachers, parents elementary and secondary levels
and students. and other elements of curriculum
and Special Education.
Operation of Schools
Regulation – General Student Protection Act
(Regulation 298) • sets out a definition of sexual abuse
• describes the duties of a teacher that recognizes not just physical sexual
• outlines a teacher’s legal obligations. abuse but sexual harassment and
inappropriate behaviour of teachers
Collection of Personal • imposes strong requirements for
Information Regulation reporting sexual abuse.
• school boards must collect a Child and Family Services Act
Canadian Police Information Centre • sets out the responsibility of a wide
(CPIC) computer check on their range of professionals who deal
current employees with children – including teachers –
• school boards must collect a CPIC to report if they suspect a child is or
check from all new employees hired may be in need of protection.
after March 31, 2002, before they can
start their employment.
Safe Schools Act
• amends the Education Act
• gives force to Code of Conduct
• sets expectations for behaviour
and consequences for students
who commit serious infractions.
I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 81
We care about
Teachers open minds,
unlock treasures and invite
students into a world of
exciting learning experiences.
2011 Council Members
and Senior Leadership
Liz Papadopoulos, OCT Ruth Ann Penny, OCT
Danny Anckle Garry Humphreys
Alexander (Sandy) Bass, OCT Annilee Jarvis, OCT
Shabnum Budhwani Bill Kirkwood
Carlo Cappello, OCT Clint Lovell, OCT
Marie-Louise Chartrand Bill Matheson
Monique Châteauvert Darlene Mead, OCT
Rebecca Coulter, OCT Terry Price, OCT
Irene Dembek, OCT Tanya Roberts, OCT
Gale Dores, OCT Susan Robertson
Marc Dubois, OCT Robert Ryan, OCT
Martha Dutrizac, OCT Pauline Smart
Dean Favero, OCT Mara Torcaso, OCT
nick Forte, OCT Jacques Tremblay, OCT
Dobi-Dawn Frenette John Tucker
Robert Gagné Henry Tyndorf, OCT
E. Clyde Glasgow Hanno Weinberger, OCT
Mel Greif Sharon Young Kipp, OCT
Brent Hamelin, OCT
Ontario College Of Teachers
Registrar Director of Corporate
and Council Services
Michael Salvatori, OCT
Director of Standards of Practice
Joe Jamieson, OCT
Michelle Longlade, OCT
Director of Investigations
Director of Membership Services
Francine Dutrisac, OCT
Linda Zaks-Walker, OCT
C O u n C I L M E M B E R S A n D S E n I O R L E A D E R S H I P 83
For the kids!
You became a teacher to help
students fulfill their potential, and
in doing so you will fulfill yours.
We are confident that you will have a
rewarding and meaningful career.
Contact the College
The Ontario College of Teachers contact
centre and switchboard are open from 8:30
a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday to Friday. We are
closed on statutory holidays.
To reach us by telephone, call 416-961-8800
or (toll-free in Ontario) 1-888-534-2222 and
listen to the prompts. The College call centre
has knowledgeable staff who can provide infor-
mation on a wide range of issues relevant to
College membership, including qualifications,
certification and the complaints process.
For general information: firstname.lastname@example.org
For library inquiries: email@example.com
Ontario College of Teachers
101 Bloor Street West, Toronto, On M5S 0A1
The College’s main offices are in downtown
Toronto at 101 Bloor Street West, one block
west of Bay Street. Visit our Client Services
Welcome Counter on the 14th floor.
101 Bloor Street West
Toll-free in Ontario: 1-888-534-2222
Have a good year!
Ontario Certified Teacher
has its privileges.
Your card will give you benefits at: Be sure to carry your card with you and ask
wherever you go – even at venues around the
• parks, museums, sporting events and theatres
world – whether you can have an Ontario Certified
• travel services and vacation destinations
• vendors for computers, software, school supplies
and books. If you know of an organization or business that
would like to offer a discount, ask someone there
For a growing list of places where discounts are
to e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org for information.
offered to Ontario Certified Teachers, visit
www.oct.ca and click on OCT Discounts on the
Through our College, teachers work
Ontario Certified Teacher's Handbook 2011
every day to meet the expectations
of parents and the public that
Ontario’s students will learn from
qualified professional teachers.
For additional information:
Ontario College of Teachers
Toll-free in Ontario: 1-888-534-2222
Cette publication est également disponible en français sous le titre de Inspirer l’apprentissage.