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Ontario Certified Teacher’s Handbook 2011 InspIre TO Learn Inspire to learn. Every day across Ontario, teachers experience the joy of seeing students’ faces brighten with the thrill of learning. To be a teacher means to be a role model who meets the expectations of parents and the public. Teachers inspire our children inside and outside the classroom. This year, the Ontario College of Teachers is sharing the advice and wisdom of exemplary teachers we’ve featured in our magazine, Professionally Speaking. We’ve woven their inspiring words throughout this handbook to dovetail with our theme. Table of Contents 1 Welcome from the Chair and Registrar 5 Your Membership at a Glance 6 Your College at a Glance 9 Our Commitment Who We Are and What We Do College Bylaws 17 Your College is Green 21 Professional Standards Foundations of Professional Practice 31 Teacher Education Professional Requirements Certificates P rofessional Advisory on Additional Qualifications: Extending Professional Knowledge 49 College Membership 63 Professional Designation 66 Investigations and Hearings Complaints, Investigations and Hearings P rofessional Advisory on Sexual Abuse and Professional Misconduct 2 83 011 Council Members and Senior Leadership 85 Contact the College Y “ ou chose a profession that will give you many opportunities to make a difference in the lives of your students.” Welcome from the Chair Welcome to teaching in Ontario and to the Ontario College of Teachers. If you just graduated, you probably can’t wait to greet your first class, help your students achieve and invite them to think big as they embark on a new project. If you have taught outside Ontario, I am sure Professionally Speaking over the years. Their that you are ready and eager to contribute your comments are woven through this handbook. skills, knowledge and expertise to Ontario schools and ignite your students’ learning. I believe the unique professional knowledge and skills of teachers are founded on mastering That’s why Inspire to Learn is the theme for theory and applying it effectively in the class- this handbook. You chose a profession that room to benefit our students. That mastery is will give you many opportunities to make a what being an Ontario Certified Teacher (OCT) difference in the lives of your students. is all about. Whether by awakening the mind of a child who is writing his name for the very first time I am pleased that Ontario teachers like us have a or attending to the unique talent of a teenage professional designation we can use. The OCT artist, a teacher helps students navigate designation – our designation – tells our students, through everyday challenges. their parents and the public that we are guided by ethical standards and standards of practice. As teachers, we bring to our classrooms the care, respect, trust and integrity to inspire our students Your first year of teaching in Ontario will be a to learn and help them realize their full potential. challenging and rewarding one, and I wish you We guide them with insight and compassion. much success. It is common to feel somewhat uneasy as you enter your new profession. Don’t be. If you remain true to yourself, you will enjoy great success. And to help smooth the way, we’ve Liz Papadopoulos, OCT provided advice and wisdom from exemplary Council Chair teachers we’ve featured in our magazine W E LC O M E F R O M T H E C H A I R 1 Y “ ou demonstrate care and compassion. You act with integrity and establish relationships with students based on mutual respect. You are a role model.” Welcome from the Registrar Welcome to the Ontario College of Teachers, home to a community of professionals who combine specialized knowledge and skills with a love for learning and teaching. I am delighted that such highly educated and During my 20 years as an educator, I’ve learned talented people like you, with your gift for inspiring that teaching, more than anything else, is about children, are joining our teaching profession. It is establishing and maintaining relationships. teachers like you who inspire public confidence These relationships are primarily with students in our profession. How do you do this? but also with colleagues, parents and the school community. The key is to have relationships You demonstrate care and compassion. You based on care, trust, respect and integrity. act with integrity and establish relationships with students based on mutual respect. We believe the concept of relationships extends You are a role model. to the College. We look forward to building that relationship with you and welcome your feedback We need you to help students set goals and and participation in College initiatives. then to watch with pride as they surpass them. I encourage you to take the time to browse Our theme for this handbook is Inspire to Learn, through this comprehensive handbook. You’ll because teachers inspire our children inside and find it contains helpful and practical information outside the classroom. They open minds in the about the College and the benefits and services classroom and extend student learning by we offer. If you read just one College publication, supporting students on the playing field, on the this would be an excellent choice. basketball court, on the stage of the school drama production or on an excursion into the Congratulations on joining the ranks of the local community. dedicated and talented group of teachers in Ontario. It’s good to have you with us. They are committed to helping students develop their minds, their capacity for self-expression and We are proud of you and your commitment to their desire to be the best they can be. Our students. Your capacity to motivate students and members invite children into a world of exciting inspire them is … well, inspiring! learning experiences, encourage independent thought, and help develop their students’ skills and ability to apply knowledge and learning that will help shape their lives and communities. Michael Salvatori, OCT Registrar and Chief Executive Officer W E LC O M E F R O M T H E R E G I ST R A R 3 Inspire to Learn Build lives I “ n my interview with the Toronto DSB, they asked me why I wanted to make the career change (from engineer to teacher). I said, ‘I don’t want to build car parts, I want to build lives.’ And as cheesy as it sounds, it is true.” Vernon Kee, OCT Your Membership at a Glance Member discounts You can also receive the College’s electronic Show your Ontario Certified Teacher (OCT) card newsletter, Your College and You. It gives you and get great discounts on hotels, cars, trips, early access to new developments in the computers, books, school supplies and even real activities of the College and the profession. estate agents’ fees! You can receive discounts at sporting events, like Toronto Maple Leafs Update your e-mail address hockey games, attractions and stores Have you updated your e-mail address on the throughout Ontario by showing your OCT card College web site? An up-to-date address allows or by asking when you order over the phone. us to send you the latest College and professional news that may affect you as a teacher in Ontario. Be sure to carry your card with you and ask And if you keep your e-mail address current, we wherever you go – even at venues around the can also send you an e-mail every time your world – if they will give you an Ontario Certified Certificate of Qualification and Registration is Teacher discount. For a complete list of updated with additional qualifications. See discounts, go to www.oct.ca and click on OCT page 51 for step-by-step instructions. Discounts on the right side of the home page. Tell us about changes Register in the Members’ Area For the College to maintain accurate and current You can find up-to-date information about records, it is essential that you inform us about College affairs on our web site at www.oct.ca, changes to your personal information or where you can also open a personal password- qualifications. College bylaws require that you protected account in the Members’ Area. notify the College – within 30 days – of any Instructions begin on page 50. change of information, such as an address or name change. The name you are practising under When you activate or establish your account in must be the same name that appears on the the Members’ Area, you gain secure access to a College’s register Find a Teacher. Step-by-step range of growing services that will help you instructions are available on page 53. maintain and track information important to your membership in the College. You can print your Need-to-know news updated Certificate of Qualification and To participate in the College’s activities and to Registration, see your member profile page, learn more about interesting initiatives in our print a tax receipt or inform the College of any profession, turn to the College’s award-winning change to your home address and other quarterly magazine, Professionally Speaking, personal information. where you will find inspiring stories from your colleagues across the province, useful articles and resources, and news about changes to education policy. Y O u R M E M B E R S H I P AT A G L A n C E 5 Your College at a Glance What is the mandate of the How does the College fulfill its Ontario College of Teachers? duty to serve and protect the The College was established in 1997 public interest? to allow Ontario teachers to regulate Through the College, Ontario’s teaching and govern their own profession in the profession works to ensure that qualified public interest. The College sets ethical and committed teachers provide quality standards and standards of practice, teaching to our students. The College is issues teaching certificates and may accountable for how it carries out its suspend or revoke them. We accredit responsibilities. teacher education programs and courses, and investigate and hear complaints For example, on the College web site, the about individual members. We are also public can view a register of all our mem- mandated to communicate with the bers that includes their qualifications and public on behalf of the profession, which credentials. Disciplinary hearings are we do primarily through our web site open to the public, and a summary of at www.oct.ca. hearing decisions is published in the College magazine and on our web site. How are we governed? The College is governed by a Council of Need more info? To learn more go to www.oct.ca. 37 members, 23 of whom are members of the College elected by their peers for three-year terms. The College relies on the involvement and input of its members and education partners in its work to continuously improve the 6 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 10 teaching profession. Your College at a Glance Elected members represent the English Our members work in publicly funded public, English Catholic, French public, schools, faculties of education, the Ministry French Catholic, elementary and second- of Education, teachers’ federations, the ary school systems in all regions of the College, independent schools, First Nations province. Four elected members repre- schools and many other institutions that sent principal/vice-principal, supervisory provide education opportunities for teach- officer, faculty of education and private ers and their students in Ontario, as well as school positions. in other parts of Canada and around the world. The College membership reached The other 14 members of Council are 229,000 in 2010. In a survey of members on appointed by the provincial government their attitudes to teaching, our members reported that for terms of up to three years. The Council What services do we offer you? they remain motivated and meets at least four times a year to develop The College offers its members and the committed to mentoring and approve policies. public a wide range of resources on job and inspiring young people despite the challenges facing opportunities, teaching and education on the teaching profession today. Who are our members? its web site, through the Margaret Wilson The majority of College members are Library and in our quarterly magazine, classroom teachers, but vice-principals, Professionally Speaking. principals, supervisory officers and direc- tors of education must also be certified Learn more about the College’s popular teachers to hold the positions they do. Find an AQ online search tool. You will find various services we offer throughout this publication. The majority of College members are classroom teachers, but vice-principals, principals, supervisory officers and directors of education are also certified teachers who begin their careers in the classroom. Y O u R C O L L E G E AT A G L A n C E 7 Inspire to Learn Lifelong process L “ earning is a lifelong process that sometimes requires several attempts before success is met. What’s important is to make every victory a special and unique moment!” Chantal Bertrand, OCT Our Commitment Teachers share with the public a strong commitment to providing the best education possible for Ontario children. The College was established to act on behalf of the teaching profession in fulfilling that commitment. The College operates in an open and accountable manner to promote public trust and confidence in the teaching profession. P u B L I C A C C O u n TA B I L I T Y 9 Who We Are and What We Do During the course of your career, you Public accountability Our goal is will often hear and read that the College An important element of self-regulation to help ensure regulates the teaching profession in the for the profession is public accountability. that students public interest. The College operates in an open and in Ontario accountable manner in order to build and schools are Self-regulation means that the government maintain public confidence in the work taught by has delegated its regulatory functions to that it does. Accountability means that highly skilled, those who have the specialized knowledge College activities are transparent to the certified necessary to do the job. public and information is easily accessible. teachers practising to The granting of self-regulation is an Students, parents, teachers and the the highest acknowledgement by the legislature that public all benefit from a publicly standards. teaching is a profession whose members accountable profession. are capable of governing themselves. Find a Teacher section Our goal is to help ensure that students of the web site in Ontario schools are taught by highly An Ontario teaching certificate is, in skilled, certified teachers practising to the effect, a licence to teach in Ontario. highest standards. The profession must The College issues teaching certificates also be prepared to uphold its standards under powers delegated to it by the and deal with issues of member incompe- Ontario legislature, so your qualifications tence, incapacity or misconduct. and the fact that you hold a teaching certificate are matters of public record. The teaching profession, through its College, sets the requirements for entering The Ontario College of Teachers Act teaching, develops and maintains ethical requires that the College maintain a standards and standards of practice, and public register of its members. accredits teacher education programs and Need more info? courses to ensure consistent high quality Find a Teacher, available online, To learn more go to in the preparation of teachers. provides information on your status www.oct.ca. and qualifications as a teacher, and We operate in an open and accountable is an important part of the teaching manner, which means that we communi- profession’s commitment to openness cate with the public about what we do and and public accountability. how our work supports public education. This approach builds public trust in the profession and the important role it plays in the education of Ontario students. 10 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 11 Our Commitment The accessibility of the Find a Teacher A member may request of the College’s link benefits our members in a number of Registrar that a different name appear on ways. If you need to show proof of your the register or that a former name be qualifications for employment purposes, deleted under exceptional circumstances, for example, you can refer potential such as personal safety. The Registrar may employers to the Find a Teacher section require supporting documentation with on the College web site. the request. The College’s annual report is one of the ways in which we Find a Teacher does not include personal Annual report fulfill our commitment information, such as address or phone Legislation requires the College to report to be accountable to the public. number. It provides the following annually to the legislature about its activi- information about each College member: ties. The College uses this opportunity to • name and registration number produce an annual report that provides a • type of certificate held wealth of statistical information about the • date certificate was issued and expiry Ontario teaching profession. A wide variety date, if applicable of policy-makers, media, academics, schools • notification of completion of the and other education organizations look to New Teacher Induction Program the College for key information about • Basic and Additional Qualifications Ontario certified teachers. • where and when degrees and teacher education programs were completed We have published the annual report • whether a member is in good standing, online since 2008 to reduce our environ- whether a member has retired or mental impact and enhance accessibility resigned, whether a certificate has to a fuller range of statistical information been revoked or suspended about the Ontario teaching profession. • whether a member is subject to an order of the Discipline or Fitness to Annual reports dating from 1997 Practise committees or appealing an are available online at www.oct.ca g order of either committee Publications. • any terms, conditions or limitations placed on a certificate. The public register has been available to members of the profession and the public since the College was established in 1997. O u R C O M M I T M E n T 11 Our Commitment Discipline decisions • develop, establish and maintain For the public, one of the College’s most qualifications for membership in important functions is its responsibility the College to address complaints about individual • accredit professional teacher education members. The College is committed to programs offered by postsecondary providing fair and impartial treatment for educational institutions in Ontario its members while carrying out its duty to • accredit ongoing education programs protect Ontario students and the integrity for teachers offered by postsecondary of the profession. educational institutions and other bodies in Ontario It is very important to the public’s trust • issue, renew, amend, suspend, cancel, in our profession that information about revoke and reinstate Certificates of this process is easily available. Qualification and Registration • provide for the ongoing education of Disciplinary hearings are open to the members of the College public and their outcome is published in • establish and enforce ethical standards A self-regulatory Professionally Speaking and on our web and professional standards applicable body carries site. Any disciplinary action taken against to members of the College out its mandate a member is posted to the member’s • receive and investigate complaints in a transparent record in the Find a Teacher section of the against members of the College and and accountable web site. Copies of discipline decisions deal with discipline and fitness to manner to from hearings that are held in public are practise issues maintain public available from the College’s Margaret • develop, provide and accredit confidence. Wilson Library at email@example.com. educational programs leading to certificates of qualification additional College mandate to the certificate required for A self-regulatory body carries out its membership, including but not limited mandate in a transparent and accountable to certificates of qualification for manner to maintain public confidence in supervisory officers, and issue, renew, the regulation of the profession in the amend, suspend, cancel, revoke and public interest. reinstate such additional certificates • communicate with the public on behalf The College’s authority is contained in the of the members of the College Ontario College of Teachers Act, which was • perform such additional functions as approved by the Ontario Legislature in are prescribed by the regulations. 1996. The College is mandated to: • regulate the profession of teaching and govern its members The College Council develops and approves policies for 12 M E M B E Rof the n D B O O Kprofession. the regulation ’ S H A teaching 2 0 1 1 Our Commitment Council and committee You can read summaries of Council meet- responsibilities ings in the Governing Ourselves pages of The College Council develops and Professionally Speaking. approves policies for the regulation of the teaching profession through its Organizational structure committee work (see page 14). The College Registrar, as chief executive officer, manages the business of the College. The Council is made up of Ontario certi- The Registrar is responsible for issuing fied teachers elected by College members certificates and maintaining the register of from among the membership and public members, and may also suspend members members appointed by the provincial for non-payment of fees and appoint government, some of whom have wide investigators to look into complaints against experience in the education sector. members. The Finance Unit, headed by the College Controller, is part of the office of The Council meets at least four times a the Registrar. year, and meetings are open to the public. Council minutes, once approved, are posted Four departments provide services to on the College web site. members and support the work of the Council committees under the leadership of the Registrar’s office. Council Office of the Registrar Corporate and Council Membership Services Investigations and Standards of Practice and Services Department Department Hearings Department Accreditation Department Standards of Practice Administration Membership Records Intake and Hearings and Education Communications Evaluation Services Investigations Accreditation External Relations Client Services Policy and Research Information Technology O u R C O M M I T M E n T 13 Our Commitment Council Committees Responsibilities Executive Conducts College business between Council meetings Investigation Investigates complaints regarding members Discipline Conducts hearings and deals with allegations of professional misconduct and incompetence Fitness to Practise Conducts hearings and deals with issues of incapacity Registration Appeals Reviews appeals from applicants denied membership Standards of Practice and Education Develops standards of practice and ethical standards for the teaching profession Accreditation Reviews and accredits programs of professional education recorded on Certificates of Qualification and Registration Accreditation Appeals Reviews appeals to accreditation decisions from teacher education providers Finance Oversees the financial affairs of the College and acts as the audit committee Election Supervises the election of the Council Nomination Prepares a slate of candidates for membership on the various Council committees Quality Assurance Assesses the performance of the College in relation to its mandate Editorial Board Oversees the publication of Professionally Speaking Human Resources Develops human resources policies Steering Facilitates the movement of materials and motions from the Executive Committee to Council 14 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 College Bylaws The College bylaws set out the adminis- • describe the contents of the College trative procedures of the College and register, determine what information provide direction for implementing policy. members must provide, what informa- tion must be retained and what can Responsibilities be removed. Need more info? The bylaws include a number of sections www.oct.ca g About the College g that affect members directly. The bylaws: Current bylaws are on the College web College Bylaws • set out ethical standards and site at www.oct.ca g About the College g standards of practice for members College Bylaws. The bylaws are updated of the profession on the College web site whenever they are • require written notification within amended by Council. 30 days from a member of any change of information, such as address or Public Interest Committee name change A three-person Public Interest Committee • set out the annual membership is appointed by the provincial government and other fees to advise Council regarding its duty to • require that the College publication, serve and protect the public interest in Professionally Speaking, be distributed carrying out the College’s objectives. to all members Teachers challenge their students’ minds and encourage independent thought. We teach the joy of overcoming a challenge rather than being overwhelmed by it. O u R C O M M I T M E n T 15 Inspire to Learn Welcome and connected I “ n my class, these young people become part of a group, and they feel welcome and connected. That makes a big difference, and it doesn’t take long for them to fully engage in school and learning a new language. It’s a fabulous transformation for most of these teenagers.” Muriel Sawyer, OCT Your College is Green The College is committed to the environment and sustainable development. Energy efficiency is a major feature of our building, and even our membership cards are biodegradable. We are seeking Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design certification. P u B L I C A C C O u n T A B I L I T Y 17 Your College is Green Welcome to a greener and smarter The College moved to a new, permanent Ontario College of Teachers. Improving home in November 2010 and members now the environmental footprint of our have equity in a prime Toronto property. building is a high priority. Council unanimously approved the purchase of majority interest – eight floors Energy efficiency is a key feature and – in a building at 101 Bloor Street West – dovetails with our commitment to one block west of Bay – in the heart of sustainable development. To demonstrate Toronto’s downtown core. our dedication to a more eco-friendly workplace, the College is working toward The location is central to Queen’s Park, LEED (Leadership in Energy and education stakeholder organizations and Environmental Design) certification. to staff, College members, applicants and members of the public. The College receives more than 1,700 walk-in visitors each month. The College’s Scollard Street new home is within easy walking Yorkville Avenu e distance of Park Road three subway stops. Avenue Road treet Cumberland S Bloor/Yonge Bay st Bloor Street Ea est Bloor Street W Yonge Street Bay Street St. Thomas Stre Hayden Street Queens Park et West 101 Bloor Stre new Home) (The College’s et Charles Street Charles Street Museum 18 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Green Initiatives Energy efficient and eco-friendly The College’s electricity will come from The College focused on reducing energy renewable energy sources only. Wireless and water consumption, as well as operat- solutions have been used to reduce desk Energy efficiency ing costs, during significant renovations and computer cabling. is a key feature after the College took possession last year. of the new Your new biodegradable card building and The windows in the entire building have Even your Ontario Certified Teacher card dovetails with been replaced with energy-efficient double- is eco-friendly. Your biodegradable card is the College’s pane glass, and the exterior has been made from plants like alfalfa, beets, commitment repainted. The new facility provides bicycle potatoes, switch grass and wheat using to sustainable storage and change rooms. Water usage has renewable energy. You just cut up this development. been reduced by 20 per cent by replacing all card when it expires and put it in the washroom fixtures, and new plumbing will green bin or compost. It will biodegrade require the use of low-flow fixtures. in 180 days. All work spaces, meeting rooms and You don’t need to worry – the card will major corridors have adequate space be fine in your wallet. It only biodegrades for recycling bins. Most of our existing when it is in contact with other composta- furniture has been reused and most bles. The membership card supports the College equipment that was relocated College’s green mandate while maintaining or bought new is Energy Star compliant. a high-quality look and feel. At least 50 per cent of the construction Printing waste from the College project will be This handbook, along with other diverted from landfills. Greening correspondence you may receive from standards have been met for air quality the College from time to time, is printed Your new biodegradable membership card is made and ventilation, energy use and cooling on 100 per cent, post-consumer recycled from plants like alfalfa, beets, systems. No smoking is permitted within paper using vegetable-based inks. potatoes, switch grass and wheat using renewable energy. 7.6 metres of all entrances. G R E E n I n I T I A T I V E S A T T H E C O L L E G E 19 Inspire to Learn Present challenges W “ hen you work with young people, the important thing is to arouse their curiosity, stimulate their mental capacity and present challenges. If you ask them to stretch beyond their limits, they will discover themselves and develop self-confidence that, in the long run, will yield positive results.” Denis Sauvé, OCT Professional Standards Ethical standards, standards of practice and the professional learning framework describe what it means to be a member of the teaching profession in Ontario. They articulate the goals and aspirations of a teaching profession dedicated to fostering student learning and preparing Ontario students to participate in a democratic society. P u B L I C A C C O u n T A B I L I T Y 21 Foundations of Professional Practice Foundations of Professional Practice The Ethical Standards for the Teaching articulates the high standards that the Profession, Standards of Practice for the teaching profession sets for educators in Teaching Profession and Professional Ontario, bringing together three docu- Learning Framework for the Teaching ments that form the foundation for the Profession outline the principles of self-regulation of the teaching profession ethical behaviour, professional practice in Ontario: and ongoing learning for the teaching profession in Ontario. The Ethical Standards for the Teaching Foundations of Professional Practice Profession describe the professional College members use the standards to articulates the standards beliefs and values that guide the decision- reflect on their own development as that Ontario teachers embrace as their making and professional actions of teaching professionals and inform their professional foundation. College members in their professional practice and ongoing learning choices. roles and relationships. The complete Foundations of Professional The five interdependent domains of the Practice can be found on the College Standards of Practice for the Teaching web site at www.oct.ca g Publications Profession describe the continuum g College Documents. of knowledge, skills and professional Need more info? practices of College members. Ethical Standards for the www.oct.ca g Publications g Teaching Profession College Documents The Professional Learning Framework The Ethical Standards for the Teaching g Foundations of for the Teaching Profession presents a Profession represent a vision of profes- Professional Practice variety of ways College members may sional practice. At the heart of a strong pursue opportunities for ongoing and effective teaching profession is a professional learning. commitment to students and their learning. Professional standards that guide and Members of the Ontario College of reflect exemplary teaching practice and Teachers, in their position of trust, continuous professional improvement are demonstrate responsibility in their essential to effective teaching and learning. relationships with students, parents, The College has fostered the development guardians, colleagues, education of these professional standards to support partners, other professionals, the exemplary teaching in Ontario. environment and the public. 22 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Professional Standards Care Standards of Practice for the The ethical standard of Care includes Teaching Profession Intrinsic to the compassion, acceptance, interest and The Standards of Practice for the Teaching ethical standard insight for developing students’ potential. Profession provide a framework of princi- of Respect are trust and fair- Members express their commitment to ples that describes the knowledge, skills and mindedness. students’ well-being and learning through values inherent in Ontario’s teaching pro- Members honour positive influence, professional judgment fession. These standards articulate the goals human dignity, and empathy in practice. and aspirations of the profession. They emotional wellness convey a collective vision of professionalism and cognitive Trust that guides the daily practices of members development. The ethical standard of Trust embodies of the Ontario College of Teachers. fairness, openness and honesty. Members’ professional relationships with students, The standards of practice include five colleagues, parents, guardians and the statements about students and student public are based on trust. learning, professional knowledge, professional practice, leadership in Respect learning communities and ongoing Intrinsic to the ethical standard of Respect professional learning. are trust and fair-mindedness. Members honour human dignity, emotional wellness Commitment to students and cognitive development. In their pro- and student learning fessional practice, they model respect for Members are dedicated in their care spiritual and cultural values, social justice, and commitment to students. They treat confidentiality, freedom, democracy and students equitably and with respect and the environment. are sensitive to factors that influence individual student learning. Members Integrity facilitate the development of students as Honesty, reliability and moral action contributing citizens of Canadian society. are embodied in the ethical standard of Integrity. Continual reflection assists Leadership in learning communities members in exercising integrity in Members promote and participate in their professional commitments and the creation of collaborative, safe and responsibilities. supportive learning communities. They recognize their shared responsibilities and their leadership roles in order to facilitate student success. Members maintain and uphold the principles of the ethical standards in these learning communities. P R O F E S S I O n A L S T A n D A R D S 23 Professional Standards Ongoing professional learning Professional learning may take a variety Members recognize that a commitment to of forms. Following their pre-service ongoing professional learning is integral to training, members of the College may effective practice and to student learning. complete courses or programs that are Professional practice and self-directed identified in the Teachers’ Qualifications learning are informed by experience, Regulation, made under the Ontario research, collaboration and knowledge. College of Teachers Act. These courses or programs are accredited by the College Professional knowledge and offered by registered providers. When Members strive to be current in their a member successfully completes one of professional knowledge and recognize its these courses or programs, it is recorded relationship to practice. They understand on the member’s Certificate of and reflect on student development, Qualification and Registration. learning theory, pedagogy, curriculum, Professional ethics, educational research and related Members of the College stay current learning is at the policies and legislation to inform and up to date in many ways beyond heart of teacher professional judgment in practice. completing Additional Qualification professionalism. courses and programs. Examples of Professional practice professional learning opportunities are Members apply professional knowledge identified in this document. Educators can and experience to promote student participate in or facilitate professional learning. They use appropriate pedagogy development activities, mentor colleagues, assessment and evaluation, resources and join professional networks, engage in technology in planning for and responding research activities, and read books and to the needs of individual students and articles about educational issues. learning communities. Members refine their professional practice through ongoing Professional learning is at the heart of inquiry, dialogue and reflection. teacher professionalism. In addition to the accredited in-service programs, Ontario Professional Learning Framework certified teachers engage in a wide variety The Professional Learning Framework of professional learning to improve their for the Teaching Profession outlines practice and enhance student learning. opportunities for ongoing professional All of these opportunities are an integral learning for members. The framework part of the professional learning frame- provides for this growth and development work. Educators participate in learning through the identification of accredited opportunities offered by their employers, pre-service and in-service programs of the Ministry of Education, faculties of professional teacher education and a wide education, professional organizations, range of other learning opportunities. federations and subject associations. Through this professional learning, College members demonstrate a commit- ment to continued professional growth. 24 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Professional Standards By developing the Professional Learning • Standards-based professional learning Framework for the Teaching Profession, provides for an integrated approach to the Ontario College of Teachers meets its teacher education. All programs and legislated mandate to “provide for the professional learning activities accred- ongoing education of members of the ited by the College must be designed College.” It also informs the public of to support the Ethical Standards for the the many ways educators remain Teaching Profession and the Standards knowledgeable and current. of Practice for the Teaching Profession. The professional learning framework: • Exemplary professional learning oppor- • acknowledges the commitment tunities are based on the principles of members of the teaching profession effective learning. The framework takes make to professional learning into account individual career and per- • highlights a range of options to improve sonal priorities. It outlines professional practice and enhance student learning learning activities that are varied, flexible • identifies programs and professional and accessible to members of the College. learning activities accredited by the College • Teachers plan for and reflect on their • assists members of the College to professional learning. Responsible identify, collect, reflect upon and lifelong learning is continuous learning celebrate their learning experiences that is initiated by members of the and accomplishments College and directed and reviewed • assures the profession and the public by them on an ongoing basis. that members of the College have the opportunity through professional • Learning communities enhance learning to remain current throughout professional learning. The professional their careers. learning framework encourages collaboration. It supports ongoing The professional learning framework commitment to the improvement and supports the following principles: currency of teaching practice as an • The goal of professional learning is individual and collective responsibility. the ongoing improvement of practice. Teacher learning is directly correlated to student learning. The professional learning framework encourages learning activities based on provincial legislation and policy, system needs, personal-growth needs and student learning needs. The framework also encourages members of the College to identify and pursue their strengths and personal interests to further their professional learning. P R O F E S S I O n A L S T A n D A R D S 25 Professional Standards Professional learning outlined in legislation The Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation Recommendations emerged from our defines the teacher education programs consultations about preparing teachers that are currently recognized by the for the classrooms and the continuing Ontario College of Teachers. The education programs that were needed to regulation is made under the Ontario enhance teachers’ professional skills and College of Teachers Act. knowledge. This includes the introduction of a new group of 64 courses in techno- The College Council approved important logical education and a new three-part changes to the Teachers’ Qualifications Kindergarten course. Regulation that came into effect in May 2010. The revised regulation is the culmination of four years of extensive review, consulta- tions and work with our education partners and flows from the recommendations of the College’s 2006 study Preparing Teachers for Tomorrow. Additional Basic Teachers’ Principal’s Qualifications Qualification Courses Qualifications Courses Regulation Pre-service Ontario Teacher Education Supervisory Officer’s Programs Qualification Program (Basic Qualifications) These professional learning Honour Specialist programs are accredited by the Additional Courses Ontario College of Teachers. Qualification Courses Other opportunities for professional growth and development The challenge for members of the College Educators engage in many forms of today is to maintain and extend their professional learning. The range of professional knowledge and skills in a opportunities reflects the complexity of the rapidly changing educational environment. teaching profession and identifies ways that educators remain current in their practice. 26 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Professional Standards Professional Growth Opportunities The challenge These opportunities might include but are not limited to: for members of the College Academic Programs Research Activities today is to Currently, the Certificate of Qualification and Members of the College may choose to: maintain and Registration includes only completed degree i • nquire into teaching practice extend their programs. Members of the College may choose to: p • lan and conduct research activities to professional p • articipate in programs or courses offered enhance teaching and learning knowledge through universities, colleges or other w • ork collaboratively with others to and skills in a institutions or organizations that do not always contribute to the knowledge base of rapidly changing lead to academic degrees. teaching and learning educational These programs may be prerequisites to e • xplore ways to access and use environment. enrolment in the certification programs listed in education research. the Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation. Professional Activities Professional Networks Members of the College may choose to: Members of the College may choose to: m • aintain a professional portfolio p • artner with business, industry, colleges a • rrange opportunities to observe and universities exemplary practice c • ontribute to subject councils, the work of the s • tay current by reading educational federations or other professional organizations books and journals p • articipate on school-based committees s • hare ideas and resources with colleagues s • erve on a local school community committee p • articipate in curriculum writing and/or or school council. assessment projects. Mentoring and Networking Professional Contributions Members of the College may choose to: Members of the College may choose to: s • erve as associate teachers p • articipate in, present at, or organize b • ecome involved in a mentoring partnership conferences, workshops and institutes l • earn with colleagues through co-operative c • ontribute to a professional publication. planning and problem solving f • orm study groups. Technology and Learning Members of the College may choose to: Learning through Practice i • ncrease their competency in Members of the College may choose to: computer, telecommunication and d • evelop and implement curriculum materials videoconferencing technology p • articipate in school-based collaborative inquiry j • oin a listserv i • mplement a new instructional or i • ntegrate technology into teaching practice assessment strategy e • nrol in a distance education program. c • onduct and publish action research projects p • ilot new initiatives individually or with colleagues. Members of the College may also choose other options for learning beyond these examples. P R O F E S S I O n A L S T A n D A R D S 27 Professional Standards Accreditation Teacher education programs in Ontario Courses offered for Additional Basic are accredited by the Ontario College Qualifications, Additional Qualifications, of Teachers. Principal’s Qualifications and the Need more info? Supervisory Officer’s Qualification www.oct.ca ➔ Accreditation is a status granted by the Program are among those now reviewed Additional Qualifications College to a teacher education program and accredited by the College. Teachers or Additional Qualification course that can find course guidelines on the College has met or exceeded quality assurance web site at www.oct.ca g Additional criteria established by the College. Qualifications g Schedules and Guidelines. These programs lead to a qualification on a member’s Certificate of Qualification The accreditation process and Registration. Accrediting teacher education programs maintains the public’s confidence in Teacher education candidates are assured Ontario’s certified teachers and ensures that pre-service and in-service teacher that the public’s interest is protected. The education programs meet provincial accreditation process provides quality regulatory requirements. They support assurance for Ontario’s teacher education and reflect the ethical standards and programs and ensures that the programs standards of practice. reflect a culture of continuous quality enhancement. Accredited pre-service programs must meet all regulatory requirements in such Accreditation panels review pre-service areas as methods and foundations courses, programs in a transparent and fair divisional studies and the practicum. manner. Each accreditation panel Accreditation ensures that Ontario’s includes College members with broad teacher education programs are current knowledge and experience in education. and apply theory in practice. The Accreditation Regulation also gives the College responsibility for accrediting in-service Additional Qualification courses named in the regulation to address the ongoing professional needs of members. 28 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Professional Standards Accrediting teacher You can bring your expertise to the After reviewing all documents submitted education programs accreditation process in two ways. You by the faculty, the panel members visit the maintains the public’s can be part of an accreditation panel. campus to interview program administra- confidence in Ontario’s Look for ads seeking panelists in tors, faculty members, teacher candidates, certified teachers and ensures that the public’s Professionally Speaking. associate teachers and others linked to the interest is protected. program. The panel considers various You, and members of the public, are also sources of evidence to develop recommen- invited to make submissions about the dations and a report for the College’s quality of initial teacher education pro- Accreditation Committee. The committee grams. You can find details about this decides about the program’s accreditation. on the College web site at www.oct.ca g Teacher Education g How Programs You can find Accreditation Committee are Accredited. decisions at www.oct.ca g Teacher Education g How Programs Are A College accreditation panel examines Accredited. Decisions are also reported applications made by a faculty to offer in Professionally Speaking. a teacher education program in Ontario. The application details how the program meets the requirements outlined in regulation. P R O F E S S I O n A L S T A n D A R D S 29 Inspire to Learn Think critically B “ y using media familiar to today’s youth, I teach my students to think critically and analytically about the information they see. These are skills they will use long after they leave my history classroom.” Lindsay Hall, OCT Professional Standards Teacher Education Whether in the classroom, the principal’s office or the district school board, all members of the College begin their careers with formal training in a teacher education program that meets the requirements set out in regulation. The teaching licence issued to you annually by the College is an acknowledgement to employers and the public of your qualifications and credentials. F O u n D A T I O n S O F P R O F E S S I O n A L P R A C T I C E 31 Professional Requirements Teacher The Education Act defines a teacher as a Teachers who completed their teacher certification member of the College. Clearly defining education program outside Ontario are is one way academic, professional and language granted basic qualifications that reflect in which the proficiency requirements for teacher their areas of study. College assures certification is one way in which the its membership and the public College assures its membership and the Your Basic Qualifications are listed on that all teaching public that all teaching professionals your Certificate of Qualification and professionals are qualified to work in publicly funded Registration. They identify the divisions are qualified schools in Ontario. or areas of study that were a focus in to work in publicly your teacher education program. funded schools The information in this section provides in Ontario. detailed information about Basic In Ontario, teachers must be qualified Qualifications, Additional Qualifications in at least two consecutive divisions. The and the Ministry of Education’s New divisions are: Primary (Grades K–3), Teacher Induction Program. All members Junior (Grades 4–6), Intermediate of the College must meet the following (Grades 7–10) and Senior (Grades 11–12). requirements. Junior/Intermediate teachers must be Teacher education programs qualified in at least one general education Basic Qualifications subject appropriate for Grades 7 and 8 Teachers who complete their teacher from the list on page 34. Teachers who education program in Ontario have the hold Intermediate/Senior qualifications required areas of study – commonly must be qualified in two general educa- known as Basic Qualifications – to tion subjects from that list. teach in two consecutive divisions – Primary/Junior, Junior/ Intermediate, Technological education teachers must be Intermediate/Senior or Grades 9–10/ qualified in subjects from the technological Grades 11–12 in technological education. education list on page 34. A teacher may It is the Basic Qualification that deter- add qualifications by taking Additional mines if you are qualified as a general Basic Qualification courses in different education or a technological education divisions and/or subjects. teacher, and in what language, grades and Need more info? www.oct.ca ➔ subjects you may teach. The current list of teaching subjects can Become a Teacher ➔ also be found on the College web site at Teaching Subjects Teachers in technological education www.oct.ca g Become a Teacher for a full list of subjects have also provided work g Teaching Subjects. current subjects experience and proof of competence in the areas selected as options in their teacher education program. 32 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Teacher Education If you completed your teacher education Access Find an AQ directly from the program at an English-language faculty, your College’s main page at www.oct.ca or Basic Qualifications are listed in English, under Additional Qualifications. indicating that you are qualified to teach in the English-language system. If you com- Transitional certificate holders are pleted your program at a French-language not eligible to enrol in College-accredited faculty, your qualifications are listed in AQ programs. French, indicating that you are qualified to teach in the French-language system. Temporary Letter of Approval School boards apply for a Temporary Since 2000, applicants to the College have Letter of Approval (TLA) when they been required to provide proof of language cannot find teaching professionals with proficiency in English or French in order the qualifications they need to fill to be certified to teach in Ontario. certain subject areas or teaching needs. The College records the names of teacher The responsibility for granting TLAs education degrees, Basic and Additional was transferred from the Ontario College Basic Qualification courses and Additional of Teachers to the Ministry of Education Qualification courses on your certificate. in May 2010. Additional Qualifications TLA applications must be sent to the Professional advisory regional offices of the Ministry and not The College issued a professional advisory, to the Ontario College of Teachers. Additional Qualifications: Extending Only district school boards and other Professional Knowledge, to help members authorized employers can apply for understand teaching qualifications in a TLA. Ontario. The advisory is available on page 40 of this handbook or visit the College New Teacher Induction Program web site at www.oct.ca g Additional The Minister of Education introduced a Qualifications g Professional Advisory. New Teacher Induction Program (NTIP) in the 2006–07 school year. The program Need more info? Find an AQ provides support, including mentoring, www.oct.ca ➔ The College has made searching for for newly certified teachers in permanent Additional Qualifications ➔ Additional Qualification (AQ) courses positions in publicly funded schools. Find an AQ easier and more convenient for you. The College’s online search tool, Find an AQ, Teachers have up to two years to complete will help you find the AQ and the provider the program. Boards notify the College to suit your specific needs. when teachers have successfully completed the program so that the NTIP notation can You can enter a subject area, course name, be added to their teaching certificate. Additional Qualification schedule, keyword or provider to find a list of related courses. T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 33 Teacher Education Technological Education – Teaching Subjects Communications Technology, Grades 9 and 10 Health Care, Grades 9 and 10 Communications Technology, Grades 11 and 12 Health Care, Grades 11 and 12 Computer Technology, Grades 9 and 10 Hospitality and Tourism, Grades 9 and 10 Computer Technology, Grades 11 and 12 Hospitality and Tourism, Grades 11 and 12 Construction Technology, Grades 9 and 10 Manufacturing Technology, Grades 9 and 10 Construction Technology, Grades 11 and 12 Manufacturing Technology, Grades 11 and 12 Green Industries, Grades 9 and 10 Technological Design, Grades 9 and 10 Green Industries, Grades 11 and 12 Technological Design, Grades 11 and 12 Hairstyling and Aesthetics, Grades 9 and 10 Transportation Technology, Grades 9 and 10 Hairstyling and Aesthetics, Grades 11 and 12 Transportation Technology, Grades 11 and 12 General Education – Teaching Subjects Anglais History Business Studies – Accounting International Languages Business Studies – Entrepreneurship Law Business Studies – General Mathematics Business Studies – Information and Media Arts (effective March 31, 2011) Communication Technology Music – Instrumental Classical Studies – Greek Music – Vocal Classical Studies – Latin native Languages Computer Studies native Studies Dance Philosophy Dramatic Arts Politics Economics Religious Education English Science – Biology Environmental Science/Environmental Studies Science – Chemistry Family Studies Science – General Français Science – Physics French as a Second Language Social Sciences – General Geography Visual Arts Health and Physical Education 34 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Go online to find Additional Qualifications. Searching for Additional Qualification courses is now easier and more convenient for you. The College’s online search tool, Find an AQ, will help you find the course and the provider to suit your specific needs. Access Find an AQ directly from the College’s main page at www.oct.ca or under Additional Qualifications. Teacher Education Equivalencies To qualify for equivalent standing, The College’s Evaluation Services Unit a course must: has extensive information about teacher • be beyond the teacher education pro- education in other parts of Canada and gram required for initial certification the world. The College relies on this infor- • have been completed as part of an mation to evaluate the qualifications and accredited teacher education program credentials of individuals who have been that is acceptable to the College educated and/or certified outside Ontario. • match the curriculum content of the Additional Qualification guideline If you have taken a course in teaching for which you seek equivalency methodology outside Ontario and (the guidelines are posted on the would like to add it as an Additional College web site at www.oct.ca g Qualification (AQ) to your certificate, Additional Qualifications g Schedules The College’s you can do so by filling out an Application and Guidelines) Evaluation for Equivalent Standing, available on the • consist of at least 125 hours Services Unit College web site at www.oct.ca g Forms. of coursework has extensive Send the completed form and a fee of • contain a concentrated study of teaching information $49* per qualification to the College. AQ methodology appropriate for curriculum about teacher equivalency may be granted only for or school settings in Ontario. education in coursework, not for teaching experience. other parts of If equivalency is granted, the College will Canada and You must also arrange for official documen- add the Additional Qualification to your the world. tation of your successful completion of the record, including your record on the Find course to be sent directly to the College a Teacher section of the web site, and with the seal and signature of the granting send you an acknowledgement letter. institution’s registrar. The institution must You can use this letter, along with your include a covering letter in English or current Certificate of Qualification and French that carries your name and your Registration, as official confirmation for College registration number. employers and faculties of education, as well as Qualifications Evaluation Council of Ontario (QECO) and Ontario Secondary School Teachers’ Federation (OSSTF) certification. QECO and OSSTF evaluate teachers’ qualifications for salary purposes. *All fees in this handbook include all applicable taxes. 36 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Teacher Education The Additional Qualification will appear Additionally, provisions exist for on your Certificate of Qualification and a candidate’s prior learning and Registration on the College web site experience to be considered in lieu within a few days. You can print the of an SOQP module. updated certificate yourself for free or, if you prefer, you can request that the The SOQP Prior Learning Assessment College reprint your certificate for $24. and Recognition Application Guide is available on the College web site at Supervisory Officer’s Qualification www.oct.ca g Additional Qualifications Program (SOQP) g Schedules and Guidelines g Supervisory There are provisions for a person to be Officer’s Qualification Program. appointed to a supervisory officer’s position without having completed the SOQP. T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 37 Certificates Your Certificate of Qualification The transitional certificate is provided to: When you and Registration • people of Native ancestry preparing to are accepted When you are accepted as a member, the teach in the Primary and Junior divisions as a member, College sends you either a Certificate of • teacher candidates preparing to teach the College Qualification and Registration or a technological education, a Native sends you Transitional Certificate of Qualification language or in the French-language a Certificate and Registration. school system of Qualification • teacher candidates who are enrolled and Registration The College issues and may suspend, in a multi-session program that will to prove that cancel, revoke and reinstate Certificates prepare them to teach students who you have of Qualification and Registration. are Deaf or Hard of Hearing. registered. Certificate of Qualification The transitional certificate is converted and Registration to a Certificate of Qualification and A Certificate of Qualification and Registration when the teacher education Registration is for College members program has been completed. who completed their teacher education program and other registration require- ments. Some Certificate of Qualification and Registration holders may have terms, conditions and limitations on their certificate. Transitional Certificate of Qualification and Registration A Transitional Certificate of Qualification and Registration is for College members who are still completing their professional education and are enrolled in a College- accredited, multi-session program or an equivalent in another Canadian province or territory. For example, they have completed only the first session of their multi-session teacher education program. 38 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Teacher Education Your certificate Additional Qualifications identify Your annual certificate is issued when that you have successfully completed you renew your licence to teach in Ontario. courses in education methodology, To maintain your licence, you must pay an school administration or school board annual membership fee. The fee is due on administration. Additional Qualifications January 1, and you must pay it no later than apply to all divisions. April 15 to avoid suspension and the rein- statement fee (currently $130). To see or The certificate also notes any conditions print a copy of your certificate, please go to you must fulfill and the time allotted to the Members’ Area of the College web site. complete them. Your certificate Your certificate outlines your teaching If you complete an Ontario-accredited outlines your qualifications, degrees earned, your program Additional Qualification course during the teaching of teacher education, Basic Qualifications year, the faculty of education or other qualifications, and Additional Qualifications. Any terms, provider automatically sends electronic degrees earned, your program of conditions or limitations on your certificate confirmation to the College that you have teacher education, are also recorded. successfully completed the course. If you Basic included your e-mail address when you Qualifications Basic Qualifications identify the divisions opened a personal account in the Members’ and Additional or areas for which you have successfully Area of the College web site, we will notify Qualifications. completed studies in teaching method- you when the AQ is added to your record. ology: Primary (Grades K–3), Junior (Grades 4–6), Intermediate (Grades 7–10) Your Additional Qualifications appear on and Senior (Grades 11–12) or Technological your record on Find a Teacher and on your Education (Grades 9–10 and Grades 11–12). printable teaching certificate in the Members’ Area of the College web site. Teaching by Non-Members Two provisions in the Education Act and its regulations allow a board, under special circumstances, to hire a non-member of the College to teach. Letter of Permission The Minister of Education may, by granting a Letter of Permission to a board, authorize the board to employ a person to teach who is not a member of the College. A Letter of Permission is issued only after a school board has pursued all recruitment requirements as laid out in regulation and found that no member of the College is available to fill the position. A Letter of Permission is effective only for a specified time and a specified position and may not exceed one year. Emergency Provision under an emergency provision, a school board may appoint a person who is not a teacher in the event that no member of the College is available. In this circumstance, a board may employ a person for up to 10 school days who is 18 years or older and who holds an Ontario Secondary School Diploma. T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 39 Professional Advisory on Additional Qualifications: Extending Professional Knowledge The Council of the College approved Extending Professional Knowledge a professional advisory on extending Ongoing professional learning is an integral professional knowledge through part of teaching. The College mandate additional qualifications on March 28, includes a requirement to provide for the 2008. The intent of this advisory is to ongoing education of members. The pro- clarify for members the purpose of the fession’s standards reflect the expectation regulated system of qualifications in a that all members will participate in ongoing division or subject, commonly referred learning. Adding to professional knowledge to as Additional Basic Qualifications enhances teaching practice, which improves (ABQs) and Additional Qualifications student learning. (AQs). They play an important role in a teacher’s ongoing professional Ongoing learning, as expressed in the learning. This advisory is the outcome College’s Professional Learning Framework, of an intensive review of teachers’ covers a wide range of activities that help qualifications by the College, its members expand their knowledge, increase members and its education partners. their skills and prepare for career changes. Many valuable courses and opportunities are offered by universities, colleges, teacher federations, principals’ organizations, school boards, subject organizations and community organizations. The regulated system of Additional Basic Qualifications (ABQs) and Additional Qualifications (AQs) is one form of professional learning. ABQs/AQs are recognized in legislation, accredited by the College, offered by providers approved by the College and, when successfully com- pleted, recorded on the member’s Certificate of Qualification and Registration. Adding to professional knowledge enhances teaching practice, which improves student learning. Teacher Education The College works with experts to Additional Qualifications courses allow develop guidelines that providers must members to expand their knowledge and use in creating ABQs and AQs. skills within the divisions and subjects in Guidelines establish content, learning which they are already qualified or to This advisory expectations, instructional strategies and acquire knowledge in new subject areas. presents forms of assessment. The College itself Specialist and honour specialist courses members with does not conduct courses or programs. allow teachers to focus on leadership and an excellent curriculum development. opportunity to Each year, thousands of members enrol assess their in and complete additional qualification The College’s review of teachers’ qualifi- plans for ongoing courses. The College is committed to cations in 2006 resulted in the creation or professional increasing accessibility to these courses revision of more than 150 ABQs and AQs. learning. because of the unique educational value Out-of-date courses have been dropped they offer to College members. Some and some courses modified to respond to additional qualifications are recognized changes to the Ontario curriculum. for salary purposes. The new courses reflect the evolution of the This advisory presents members with an education environment and requests from excellent opportunity to assess their plans College members. Some examples are: for ongoing professional learning. • Aboriginal Peoples: Understanding Traditional Teachings, Histories, Additional Qualifications Current Issues and Cultures Additional Basic Qualifications courses • Enseignement en milieu minoritaire allow teachers to add another division • Philosophy or subject area to what they are already • Special Education for Administrators qualified to teach. ABQ courses can • Teaching in the Catholic School System prepare teachers to teach students at the • Teaching and Learning through Primary, Junior, Intermediate or Senior E-learning. level or in Technological Education. They can also provide English or French- Members can access a complete list of speaking teachers with the skills to work additional qualifications on the College in the other language. web site at www.oct.ca. T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 41 Teacher Education Qualifications in regulation leadership in teaching practice for the Most additional qualifications are design and delivery of particular subject organized into six schedules – A, B, C, D, areas. They may allow a teacher to E and F – that are part of the Teachers’ assume leadership roles for particular Qualifications Regulation: courses or programs. • Schedule A: One-session Additional • Schedule F: One-session courses Basic Qualifications courses prepare to provide technological education Members of members to teach in another division teachers with the opportunity to gain the College or general education subject area. They a greater depth of knowledge in their look for also support a teacher’s professional broad-based technology area. This professional practice by extending skills and new schedule will be effective in learning knowledge in design, delivery and September 2011. opportunities assessment in the division or subject. that will • Schedule B: One-session Additional Principal’s Qualifications, Parts 1 and 2, continually Basic Qualifications courses prepare qualify teachers for positions as vice- enhance their members to teach additional technolog- principals or principals. In addition, the teaching. ical education courses. They support a Principal’s Development Course provides teacher’s professional practice by opportunities for practising principals adding to technical proficiency and and vice-principals to explore their roles pedagogical knowledge and skill. in greater depth. The Supervisory Officer’s • Schedule C: One-session Additional Qualification Program qualifies members Qualifications courses extend teachers’ to serve as supervisory officers. knowledge and skills in design and delivery of specific programs. They Expectations of members also support professional practice by Throughout their careers, teachers acquire preparing teachers for specific roles. additional skills and knowledge to take on • Schedule D: Three-part specialist new assignments and responsibilities. courses develop professional knowledge and teaching practice in a particular sub- A change in interests or employment ject or in cross or integrated curriculum prospects may prompt teachers to add areas. They enable teachers to explore another subject area or division to their pedagogy related to a subject area qualifications. Changes in technology or without taking more subject-specific in their students’ needs may lead teachers university courses. They also prepare to search out courses that add to their a teacher to assume leadership roles knowledge and support their professional such as co-ordinator or consultant for practice. A teacher’s long-term career a particular course or program. plan may include acquiring qualifications • Schedule E: One-session honour to become a consultant, subject area or specialist courses in general education program co-ordinator, principal or super- and one-session honour technological visory officer. education specialist courses develop 42 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Teacher Education Members are responsible for learning what Scenarios prerequisites are necessary to enrol in Members of the College look for courses or programs and to apply for some professional learning opportunities that jobs. Prerequisites are set out in regulation, will continually enhance their teaching. but faculties of education or providers may For example, a teacher qualified to teach impose additional requirements for entry, primary grades might take the three-part such as a stronger subject background or Primary Education to build on what they proficiency in the language of study. For learned in initial teacher education. example, faculties of education or providers offering ABQs from Schedule A set their Here are some examples of the learning own prerequisites for enrolment. Most opportunities members of the College require at least three full courses in the might choose. subject in a postsecondary degree. To increase understanding of the Teachers interested in working for a unique aspects of the teaching and district school board as a subject or learning environment program co-ordinator or consultant Whether you work in the Catholic system, will find that Regulation 298, Operation in a school in a First Nations community, of Schools requires the position to be in a French-language milieu, or in another filled by a teacher with a specialist or unique learning environment, courses in honour specialist qualification in the Schedule C can provide an orientation to relevant field. teaching in that environment. The scenarios included as part of this Such courses include Adapting Curriculum advisory give examples of what additional for the Catholic School System, Leadership qualifications members may acquire en milieu minoritaire, Teaching Cayuga (or in response to particular teaching one of six other Native languages), Teaching assignments or in pursuit of a particular Combined Grades or Alternative Education. professional interest. A teacher’s long-term career plan may include acquiring qualifications to become a consultant, subject area or program co-ordinator, principal or supervisory officer. T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 43 Teacher Education To expand the range of subjects To extend knowledge of teaching in the one can teach at Intermediate/ French-language system Senior Division level Teachers who want to extend their knowl- Teachers with general education qualifica- edge of the unique aspects of teaching in tions who want to add to the subjects they the French-language system could: are qualified to teach can take an Additional • complete an AQ in Schedule C such as Basic Qualification (ABQ) from Schedule A. Leadership en milieu minoritaire or Enseignement en milieu minoritaire A teacher with technological qualifications • complete a Qualification de wanting to add another technological base additionnelle education qualification can take any • complete the three-part AQ other ABQ from Schedule B for teaching Actualisation linguistique en français / Grades 9 and 10, provided the teacher can Perfectionnement du français (ALF/ demonstrate competency in the subject as PDF) in Schedule D. defined by the faculty of education. To teach Grade 11 and 12 students, a teacher To supervise or co-ordinate a subject with technological education qualifications or department must have one year of work experience A teacher wanting to apply to supervise or one year of academic study in the or co-ordinate programs at the board level subject or an equivalent combination, must hold a specialist or honour specialist and must demonstrate competency in qualification in the subject or program the area of study. area. Specialist or honour specialist AQs are listed in Schedule D and E. Additional Qualification courses are designed by teachers for teachers. Teacher Education To become a principal Successfully completed AQs A member of the College wanting to Once a teacher has successfully become a principal must successfully completed an AQ or ABQ, the course complete Principal’s Qualifications, provider notifies the College, which adds Parts 1 and 2 and a leadership practicum. the qualification to the member’s record. Prerequisites for Part 1 Principal’s The completed additional qualification Qualifications are: appears on the member’s certificate and • five years of teaching experience in on the public register. an elementary or secondary school • qualifications in three divisions, The additional qualifications listed on a including the Intermediate Division, member’s certificate are an acknowledge- or Grades 9 and 10 in a technological ment by the profession and to the public education subject that the member is qualified to teach • additional academic learning that in the divisions, subject areas and roles ranges from a combination of indicated. The listed AQs also provide specialist or honour specialist information to course providers that a courses and master’s level credits. teacher has the prerequisites that may be required to enrol in some courses. Once all parts of the program are success- fully completed, the member is eligible to Additional qualification courses are be assigned to a position as a vice-principal designed by teachers for teachers. The or principal. courses and programs that make up the system of additional qualifications reflect To acquire knowledge of students the experience and pedagogy of the with special needs teaching profession in Ontario. College members who have students with special needs in their classroom or who The acquisition of AQs may result in an want to accommodate students with special improvement in the member’s salary. needs can take Special Education, Part I The Ontario Secondary School Teachers’ of a three-session AQ in Schedule D. This Federation (OSSTF) or the Qualifications provides a background for teaching all Evaluation Council of Ontario (QECO) exceptionalities. evaluate qualifications for salary catego- ries. For more information about which Teachers who want to study a particular additional qualifications courses are area of special needs can take one or related to salary scales, members should more AQs in Schedule C, such as Teaching contact QECO or OSSTF Certification. Students with Behavioural Needs, Teaching Students with Communication Needs (Autism Spectrum Disorders) or Teaching Students with Intellectual Needs (Giftedness). T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 45 Teacher Education Commitment to learning The legislative context A commitment to student learning, one of The College’s mandate, set out in teaching’s key professional values, presup- the Ontario College of Teachers Act, poses a commitment to teacher learning. emphasizes the importance of supporting and promoting teacher education. The The Ethical Standards for the Teaching College’s mandate is to: Profession describe the beliefs and values • develop and maintain qualifications that guide the professional judgment and for College membership actions of College members. The four • provide for the ongoing education ethical standards – care, respect, trust and of members of the College integrity – establish the core ethics of • accredit professional teacher teaching. Care includes insight for devel- education and ongoing education oping students’ potential. Respect includes programs for teachers honouring cognitive development. Trust • establish and enforce professional includes inspiring confidence in students standards and ethical standards and their parents. Integrity includes con- applicable to members of the College. tinual reflection. Ongoing professional learning enhances these attributes. Members should consult their employers’ The Standards of Practice for the policies to ensure they are familiar with Teaching Profession provide a framework any requirements in their workplace that of principles that describes the knowledge, relate to additional qualifications and skills and values inherent in the profession. teaching assignments. Ongoing professional learning, one of the five standards, is integral to effective practice and to student learning. Ontario College of Teachers Act Two regulations under the Act work The College has developed the together to govern teaching qualifications. Professional Learning Framework for the Teaching Profession to place ongoing The Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation professional learning in a career-long context. addresses initial and ongoing teachers’ This framework identifies accredited initial qualifications. and ongoing courses and programs designed to reflect the ethical standards The Accreditation Regulation sets and standards of practice. It also describes the parameters of the College’s the many other ways in which members responsibility to accredit teacher engage in professional learning to improve education programs in Ontario. their practice and enhance student learning. 46 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Teacher Education The Ethical Education Act Regulation 98/02, Teacher Learning Plans Standards for Several regulations under the Education – the importance of defining professional the Teaching Act govern qualifications for teaching growth objectives Profession and supervisory roles and highlight the describe the benefits of additional qualifications: Regulation 99/02, Teacher Performance beliefs and Appraisal – the importance of adapting values that Regulation 298, Operations of Schools – and refining teaching practice through guide the qualifications for principals, vice-principals continuous learning professional and teachers judgment Education-related legislation and and actions Regulation 296, Ontario Schools for the regulations are available at of College Blind and the Deaf – qualifications for www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/index.html. members. teachers of students who are deaf, blind or deaf-blind Resources www.oct.ca g Additional Qualifications Regulation 309, Supervisory Officers – qualifications for supervisory officers www.oct.ca g Additional Qualifications g Course Providers www.oct.ca g About the College g Education Legislation g Regulation 176/10, Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation www.qeco.on.ca www.osstf.on.ca g Services T E A C H E R E D u C A T I O n 47 Teacher Education Inspire to Learn Relevance and importance W “ hen I teach a topic – atomic theory, electricity or astronomy – I try to ensure that my students appreciate its relevance and importance to their own lives and to society as a whole. When they see the significance, they are more willing to engage fully.” Doug Fraser, OCT 48 x x x x x x x x x Teacher Education Professional Standards College Membership Rights and responsibilities go hand in hand for every one of our 229,000 members. We encourage our members to participate in College activities. The College communicates regularly through print and electronic means to keep you up to date on the benefits and obligations of being a teaching professional. F O u n D A T I O n S O F P R O F E S S I O n A L P R A C T I C E 49 Your Membership in the College Everyone teaching in Ontario’s publicly Register in the Members’ Area funded schools or whose work requires an You can find up-to-date information Ontario teaching certificate must be an about College affairs on our web site at Ontario Certified Teacher (OCT). This www.oct.ca, where you can also open a requirement applies to principals, vice- personal password-protected account in principals, consultants, academic supervi- the Members’ Area. sory officers, directors of education and If you register teachers, whether they are full-time, part- If you register in the Members’ Area you in the Members’ time or long-term occasional employees. gain secure access to a growing range of Area you gain services that will help you maintain and secure access Teachers working in private schools or track information important to your to a growing range in universities or community colleges membership in the College. You can: of services that where a licence to teach is not a condition • print your updated Certificate of will help you. of employment may join the College for Qualification and Registration the benefit of holding a current licence • see your member profile page and belonging to their professional body. • inform the College of any change Many independent schools require the to your home address and other teachers they hire to be members of personal information the College. • print a tax receipt for your annual membership fee • give us your e-mail address to receive the College’s electronic newsletter for members • contact Membership Services • vote in College elections • request books and videos online from the College library • access databases of full-text journal articles. Need more info? www.oct.ca ➔ Members to access and make changes to your profile Teachers know that a caring environment helps students feel capable. 50 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 College Membership You must keep Update your e-mail address By the end of January, school boards have your College Have you updated your e-mail address deducted and forwarded to the College membership in on the College web site? An up-to-date the membership fee for their full-time and good standing address allows us to send you the latest long-term occasional teachers, principals, to receive your College and professional news that may vice-principals, academic supervisory offi- annual Certificate affect you as a teacher in Ontario. cers and consultants. Some private schools of Qualification and the Provincial Schools Authority also and Registration, Changing your e-mail address is simple. deduct the annual fee for their employees. which is your Here’s how: licence to teach. 1. Go to www.oct.ca and choose English. In mid-February all members of the 2. Choose Members in the top navigation College who have not yet paid their bar. Log in, or create an account if you annual membership fee are sent a don’t have one. reminder that their fee is due. You 3. Click on Profile in the right-hand are responsible for keeping your navigation bar. membership in good standing, so check 4. Change your e-mail address. that the payroll deduction is made. 5. Click Save at the bottom of the page. You’re done. If you are not eligible for payroll deduction, you must make sure to pay Keep informed on your own fee by April 15. professional matters Read the Governing Ourselves pages in After April 15, the College will change Professionally Speaking to keep up to the status of members who have not paid date on Council decisions that may affect their annual fee to Suspended – Non- your membership. Read any professional Payment of Fees. Members suspended for advisories that the College may issue to non-payment of fees will not be eligible its members. Professional advisories are to work in publicly funded schools. available on the College web site and are Suspended members must pay the annual distributed via Professionally Speaking. fee and a $130 reinstatement fee to rein- state their membership and return Maintain your membership to good standing. You must keep your College membership in good standing to receive your annual Certificate of Qualification and Registration, which is your licence to teach. Annual fees are due on January 1 of each year, and you must pay the fee by April 15. The December issue of Professionally Speaking carries a reminder that the College’s annual licensing fee is coming due. C O L L E G E M E M B E R S H I P 51 College Membership A Crucial Date for Teachers – April 15 April 15! Don’t forget this Your annual fee is due on January 1. your employer does not automatically deduct your important date. You can pay your annual membership fee from fee from your paycheque, you must pay it by november of the previous year to April 15. There April 15. If you do not do so, your certificate will are many convenient ways you can do this: by be suspended and you will not be able to teach credit card online at www.oct.ca, by phone via in a publicly funded school in Ontario until you our automated payment system, in person or by pay your fee and a reinstatement fee of $130. mailing in a cheque. If you are going to be on leave during the period Most employers use payroll deduction to collect your annual membership fee is due, remember to the fee, which they then forward to the College. If check if you will have to arrange to pay it yourself. • Or you may visit the College’s Client Methods of payment Services Welcome Counter on the 14th • Quickest and easiest for you is Visa, floor at 101 Bloor Street West in Mastercard or AMEX via the College Toronto to pay in person by cheque, web site at www.oct.ca, available 24/7. credit card, cash or direct debit. The Our online payment system meets College is open from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 banking-industry standards for secu- p.m., Monday to Friday. rity and privacy, and you will get a receipt immediately. Tax receipts The annual membership fee is tax- • You can also pay over the phone 24/7 deductible. The tax deduction covers using the College’s automated voice the membership fee for the calendar system. Just call the College (416-961- year – January 1 to December 31. You 8800 or 1-888-534-2222 in Ontario) receive your Certificate of Qualification and follow the voice prompts to the and Registration and annual Ontario payment system, where you will be Certified Teacher card in the mail. guided through the payment process You can print an income tax receipt by automatically. Our new automated accessing your record in the Members’ voice system ensures that the College Area of the College web site. protects the security and privacy of your financial information. Tell us about changes For the College to maintain accurate • You can also pay by cheque, payable and current records, it is essential that to the Ontario College of Teachers. our members inform us about changes You must write your registration to their personal information or number on the cheque and mail it to: qualifications. Ontario College of Teachers, 101 Bloor Street West, Toronto, ON M5S 0A1. 52 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 College Membership As a member College bylaws require that you notify Get involved in the work of the Ontario the College – within 30 days – of any of your College College of change of information, such as address or As a member of the Ontario College Teachers, you name change. The name you are practis- of Teachers, you have a voice in how it have a voice ing under must be the same name that regulates the practice of teaching. in how it appears on the College’s register under regulates the Find a Teacher. Your participation can range from practice of running for a place on Council to writing teaching. You may make changes to your personal an article for Professionally Speaking. information online once you register in the Members’ Area of the College web The College occasionally asks members site. Here’s how: to contribute to the work of a committee 1. Go to www.oct.ca and choose English. or panel. Look for invitations to apply for 2. Choose Members in the top navigation these positions in the College magazine bar. Log in, or create an account if you or on our web site at www.oct.ca. We may don’t have one. also invite members to join feedback 3. Click on Update Your Profile in the sessions, participate in surveys or provide right-hand navigation bar. written comments on drafts of policy 4. Make your changes. documents. 5. Click Save at the bottom of the page. You’re done. All members are invited to attend the College’s annual meeting of members, If, however, you notify the College of which is announced in Professionally changes in writing, please be sure to sign Speaking and on the College web site. your request. This protects your private Council meetings are open to members information. Unsigned requests for and the public. changes to personal information and qualifications cannot be processed and will be returned to you. In the event of a member’s death, we require official notification from the executor of the member’s estate to change our records. C O L L E G E M E M B E R S H I P 53 College Membership Elections requisite qualifications and are employed in The College Council has 37 members, 23 one of the specified positions. All other mem- of whom are elected by College members bers are eligible to vote for each of the seven every three years. The current Council was system and panel positions. elected on April 14, 2009 and began its term on July 1, 2009. A College member interested in running for election must be in good standing with The Notice of the Election and Call the College, reside in Ontario and meet the The College for Nominations, as well as information specific requirements for the position. No encourages all on all the candidates, are published in member may stand for election for more its members Professionally Speaking and on our than one position. to consider web site. nominating Voting is conducted online through the someone or The elected Council positions are divided College’s highly secure web site. The to run for a into separate electoral categories. Each College web site uses the same level of place on the position has its own nomination criteria to encryption used by banks and credit card Council. It is ensure adequate geographic, elementary, companies and keeps your member infor- your right to secondary and system representation. mation and your vote secure and secret. To participate in the vote, you need only log in to your private, business of your There are two positions each – one for full- password-protected account in the self-governing time members and the other for full-time Members’ Area of the College web site. professional or part-time members – for Northwest, body. Northeast, Southcentral, Southeast, The College encourages all its members to Southwest and Central Ontario. There are consider nominating someone or to run for a total of seven representatives for the var- a place on the Council. It is your right to ious English- and French-language public participate in the business of your self- and Catholic elementary and secondary governing professional body. school systems. There is one position each to represent principals/vice-principals, Services for members supervisory officers, and members who All the information the College shares teach in private schools and faculties of with its members is posted on the College education. web site at www.oct.ca. If you are looking for information about the College or your College members are eligible to cast two membership in the College, www.oct.ca votes for their regional representatives. should be your first stop. Members may also vote for one of the four additional category positions if they hold the 54 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 College Membership Besides the information available Updating member records online – including full-text issues of To protect your private information, we Professionally Speaking – information require that some requests for changes about the Council and committee be made in writing and be supported by members, the accreditation process official documents. Without a signature and the Find a Teacher section of the we must return your request to you. web site, as well as a range of services, However, you can update personal is available through the password- information such as your name, protected Members’ Area. residential and e-mail addresses and phone number online through your Once you activate or establish your Members’ Area account. account in the Members’ Area, you can access your member information, update Your certificate your address and phone number and The definitive version of your teaching print updated copies of your Certificate certificate appears on the College’s of Qualification and Registration. You web site. can also give us an e-mail address, which the College will use to send you informa- As with other professional licences, your tion, such as news releases, or to issue teaching certificate must be renewed updates in our electronic newsletter, annually. To maintain your good-standing Your College and You. status with the College, your membership fee is due each year on January 1. The College treats your e-mail and postal Most employers (school boards, school addresses as confidential information and authorities, private schools, and so on) does not make them available to anyone. automatically deduct the fee from your pay if you are employed full-time. You Show your OCT Member discounts should consult your employer to find out card and get Show your OCT card and get great if your fee will be deducted automatically. great discounts on discounts on accommodations, cars, If not, look for reminders in our magazine, accommodations, computers, books, school supplies and Professionally Speaking, and via e-mail. cars, computers, even on real estate agents’ fees! You can books, school receive discounts at attractions and Once we receive your annual fee payment, supplies and even stores throughout Ontario by showing we will mail you a new OCT card and a on real estate your College membership card or by copy of your teaching certificate. You can agents’ fees! asking when you order over the phone. print additional copies of your certificate Be sure to carry your card with you and or an income tax receipt from your ask wherever you go – even at venues account in the secure Members’ Area around the world – whether you can of the College web site. have an OCT discount. For a complete list of discounts, go to www.oct.ca and click on OCT Discounts on the right side of the main menu. C O L L E G E M E M B E R S H I P 55 College Membership You may use the Request to Update If your marriage certificate is issued in a Registry Information form available on language other than English or French, our web site to let us know that informa- you must submit an original acceptable tion on your certificate requires updating, translation. For translation requirements, such as qualifications earned in Ontario, a please call the College. degree or a program of teacher education. If you apply in person, you may bring Need more info? Qualifications and degree names appear the original document to the College’s www.oct.ca ➔ Forms on the public register and on your certifi- Client Services Welcome Counter, where provides frequently cate as they were reported by the provider a copy will be made and submitted with used documents available for download. or granting institution. For $24 you can a Request to Update Registry Information ask the College to print and mail you an form. If you apply by mail, you will updated copy of your certificate. Printing need to include a copy of the document, your own updated certificate from the with the Request to Update Registry Members’ Area at www.oct.ca is free and Information form, available at can be done 24/7. www.oct.ca g Forms. Changing your name Reinstatement procedure The name you are practising under should Members who have not paid their be the same name that appears on your annual fee by April 15 will have their certificate. College bylaws require that status with the College changed to you inform the College of any name Suspended – Non-Payment of Fees. change. If you wish to register a legal change of name with the College, we will Once suspended for non-payment of fees, need a copy of one of these documents: a member can be reinstated by filling in a • Change of Name Certificate Membership Reinstatement form, found • court order made under change on the College web site, and paying a of name legislation reinstatement fee along with the annual • birth certificate membership fee. • certificate of baptism if born in Québec, Newfoundland or Labrador Members may pay the reinstatement fee (prior to January 1994). by credit card online on the College web site or by phone via the College’s auto- If you have married and chosen to take mated payment system. You may also pay your spouse’s surname and want to change in person or mail in a cheque. your name on the College’s records, we will need a photocopy of your marriage Suspended members do not receive their certificate. If you wish to revert to a former annual Certificate of Qualification and name, you may ask for a change of name Registration and are not licensed to teach on the College’s records by supplying a in publicly funded schools in Ontario. photocopy of a Change of Name Certificate or one of the other documents listed above. 56 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 College Membership Fees* They are not permitted to use the To request a Statement of Professional professional designation OCT – Standing, you can fill out the form on the Professional Ontario Certified Teacher. College web site at www.oct.ca g Forms. designation document $24 You can also write to the College to Members who were certified by the request a Statement of Professional Registration appeal Ministry of Education but never registered Standing and include a $24 fee. Please $99 with the College may also be reinstated. For state your address, your College registra- Reinstatement further information, please call the College. tion number and the name and address $130 of the person or institution to whom you This reinstatement procedure does not want the statement mailed. Statement of apply to a former member whose certifi- Professional Standing $24 cate may have been revoked as a result A quick, no-cost alternative is to direct of a finding of professional misconduct, prospective employers to the College Release of Personal incompetence or incapacity after a hearing web site so they can check your creden- Information before the Discipline or Fitness to Practise tials immediately on the Find a Teacher $24 per document – maximum $72 committees. For information on this section of the web site. This section process, please call the College. confirms your status with the College Duplicate and your professional qualifications. Documents Fees* Replacing a certificate Certificate of You can print your own duplicate from Release of Personal Information Qualification and the Members’ Area for free, 24/7. The College’s privacy code allows you to Registration gain access to copies of documents we (The fee is waived if you Statement of have as part of your file. You can print changed your name or if it was misspelled.) Professional Standing a Request for Release of Personal $24 If you want to provide information to Information form at www.oct.ca g Forms. another jurisdiction about your status as a The fee is $24 per document to a maxi- Membership card teacher in Ontario, you can get a Statement mum of $72 for multiple documents. $9 of Professional Standing from the College. Other documents The statement includes information about Forms you may need $24 your academic and professional qualifica- College forms are available online at tions. It indicates your professional standing www.oct.ca g Forms. You can also A * ll fees quoted in the handbook include all with the College and whether your certifi- request any forms by calling Client applicable taxes. cate has ever been cancelled, revoked or Services at 416-961-8800 or toll-free in suspended for cause. Ontario at 1-888-534-2222, or sending an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please see the list of fees on this page. C O L L E G E M E M B E R S H I P 57 College Membership Methods of payment Looking for a job? • Quickest and easiest for you – and A click of the mouse on the Become a our preferred payment option – is Teacher link on the College’s web site will Visa, MasterCard or AMEX via the give you access to Jobs in Education, a College web site at www.oct.ca, avail- collection of web sites that post teaching able 24/7. Our online payment system jobs in Ontario. These four sites – meets banking-industry standards for Education Canada, Jobs in Education, security and privacy, and you will get a Apply To Education and Workopolis – receipt immediately. also offer other useful services like resumé • You can also pay over the phone 24/7 posting, custom-tailored job searches and using the College’s new automated information on certification, salary ranges voice system. Just call the College and jobs by geographical location. (416-961-8800 or 1-888-534-2222 in Ontario) and follow the voice prompts School boards from every province are to the payment system, where you will now posting jobs on all these sites, which be guided through the payment pro- are also officially recognized by the cess automatically. Our new auto- Ministry of Education as fulfilling the mated voice system ensures that the requirements for advertising vacant College meets the highest standards of teaching positions. the international credit card payment system, and protects the security and Margaret Wilson Library privacy of your financial information. The Margaret Wilson Library collection of • You can also pay by cheque, payable English and French publications covers a to the Ontario College of Teachers. broad range of education subjects, includ- You must write your registration ing classroom management, leadership, number on the cheque and mail it to: ethical standards and standards of practice, Ontario College of Teachers, 101 Bloor teaching strategies, mentoring and learning Street West, Toronto, ON M5S 0A1. disabilities. They are available for borrow- • Or you may visit the College’s Client ing free of charge by mail or in person. Services Welcome Counter on the 14th floor at 101 Bloor Street West in The library supports the professional Toronto to pay in person by cheque, learning of College members and the work credit card, cash or direct debit. of the College Council, committees and The College is open from 8:30 a.m. staff. Besides more than 8,000 education- to 5:00 p.m., Monday to Friday. related books and videos, you will find: • 200 professional journals and general periodicals • more than 700 French-language books, videos and journals • a searchable online catalogue 58 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 College Membership • full-text databases through EBSCO access to over 8,000 full-text journals, 700 Information Services full-text newspapers and 317,000 full-text • Council records education documents. If you’re keen to • a provincial legislation collection read the latest issues of magazines or • government documents including journals, you can create an account with Statistics Canada publications EBSCO and receive alerts for new issues. • newspapers, both in print and online • several work stations with Internet Using the library in Toronto access The library is located at the Ontario • WiFi for your own laptop. College of Teachers, 12th floor, 101 Bloor Street West in Toronto. Hours are from You can browse our full catalogue online at 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday to Friday. www.oct.ca g Members g Your Library and request, renew and track materials online. You do not have to make an appointment to use the library. However, calling ahead New premium research service will let the staff prepare for your visit and You can now electronically access up-to- set aside time to orient you. date, premium content in any subject area. The library now provides direct For members who are unable to return access for you to EBSCO, the world’s materials during library hours, there is a foremost research database service. drop box behind the building, off St. Full-text articles are at your fingertips any Thomas Street. The drop box is accessible time of the day or night, free for College 24 hours a day, seven days a week. members. Previously, you had to e-mail a request to the College. Now, you can log in to the Members’ Area and get immediate Positive emotion I “ try to teach through positive emotion. Everything I do: the committee work, the technology training, collaborating with colleagues – it’s all about finding ways to benefit our students, to help them learn better and have fun as they learn.” Andrew Schmitt, OCT College Membership If you can’t get to the College • Fees for copier and printer use are The library provides many services on the 20 cents a page. Please bring your Internet and is continually adding more. College membership card with you The library catalogue, conference listings, when you visit the library. a monthly listing of new acquisitions, links to web-based journals and video Communicating with you holdings are examples. Professionally Speaking Professionally Speaking is the definitive The library also sends items by mail or source of need-to-know information for will fax to members who do not have teachers in Ontario. This award-winning, Professionally Speaking is a Internet access or for services not avail- full-colour magazine is published quar- rich source of book reviews, articles, web references and able through the Internet. terly in English and French. The French other teaching aids. edition is Pour parler profession. The We’ll mail books and videos postage-free magazine provides a forum for the discus- to your home or school address. Use the sion of issues relevant to the future of special return-mailing label and you can teaching and learning, teachers’ profes- mail books back to the library, again at sional learning and standards of practice. no charge. Every issue contains many suggestions for teachers on where to find useful Professionally Some of the library’s services are: books, articles, conferences or seminars Speaking / • results of searches done by staff and web sites. Pour parler • updates on the status of legislation and profession regulations Professionally Speaking/Pour parler pro- has one of • conference calendars fession has one of the largest readerships the largest • contact information for education of education magazines in North readerships associations and stakeholders America. Current and past issues are of education • loans of books and videos by mail. available online in full text at www.oct.ca. magazines in North Your Library page Currently, advertising revenues pay more America. If you have opened a Members’ Area than half the cost of producing and mail- account, log in and choose Your Library ing the magazine to members. The per to access your customized library page. member annual cost for four issues – including postage – is $2.95. Policies on service • Library materials are available on loan The College is required by law to for- to members only. A loan is for three mally notify each member of Council weeks and is limited to eight items. meetings and keep you up to date on • Faculty of education students may use decisions made by the College Council the library on site for reference but and committees. This information is con- have no lending privileges. tained in the magazine’s Governing • Magazines do not go out on loan. Ourselves pages. They carry information • Your College membership number is about College activities, including accred- also your library access number. itation reviews of teacher education pro- 60 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 College Membership Title Block viders, results of disciplinary hearings, Other publications notification of Council resolutions, finan- The College produces a number of other cial reports, professional advisories and publications, each with a specific focus – changes in College policy that affect you annual reports, this handbook for new as a teacher. members, Thinking About Teaching? to Ontario guide those who want to enter the profes- Contributing to the magazine College of Teachers Thinking sion, news releases, registration guides for About Teaching? Professionally Speaking welcomes applicants for College membership, bro- contributions from College members chures on the investigations and hearings All of these publications but normally receives many more articles processes, professional advisories, and are placed in full text on the than can be used. An editorial board research documents and reports. College web site for you to read online or download. appointed by the College Council reviews They can be found at all contributions and selects the articles All of these publications are placed in www.oct.ca g Publications. to be published. full text on the College web site for you to read online or download. They can be Contributions should be approximately found at www.oct.ca g Publications. 1,500 words in length. They must be sub- mitted in electronic format, either on disk Conferences and other events or sent by e-mail to email@example.com. Articles Listings of conferences are found at the may be in French or English. back of each issue of Professionally Speaking. To list your conference, send Your College and You the information to firstname.lastname@example.org as far The College’s electronic newsletter, Your in advance of the event as you can, but at College and You, keeps our members up to least four months ahead. The College will date on changes to policies and procedures also post your event in the conference list governing the profession, and provides on the College web site. You can send us information on issues relevant to teachers. the notice closer to the event if you only The newsletter is sent out periodically to want it listed on the web site, but fewer members who have provided their e-mail educators will see it there than would in address through the Members’ Area and the College magazine. who opt to receive this e-news service. Two College Members in Your Household? If there are two College members in your house- Retired teachers and others who want to keep in hold, you can ask to receive only one copy of touch can subscribe to Professionally Speaking Professionally Speaking. E-mail the College for $10 a year, or $20 if outside Canada. at email@example.com or call us at 416-961-8800 or toll-free in Ontario at 1-888-534-2222. C O L L E G E M E M B E R S H I P 61 Inspire to Learn Driven to motivate I “ f I can save one young person per year from dropping out, that’s what’s really fulfilling. Thirty students in 30 years would be fantastic.” Marc Lalonde, OCT Teacher Education Professional Standards Professional Designation For the first time in the history of Ontario education, teachers in this province have a professional designation. In fact, this was a first for Canadian educators. F O u n D A T I O n S O F P R O F E S S I O n A L P R A C T I C E 63 Professional Designation Your mark of professionalism This guide is intended to help Symbol of respect Frequently Asked Questions you, as a member of the Ontario College For the first time in the history of Ontario of Teachers, use to members indicated they favoured College professional designation your Q. How will the College enforce the correct use of the professional designation? A. The College’s process for discipline will apply to members who are alleged to have abused the OCT designation. Non-members who use the designation to falsify their Q. Can retired teachers still use the OCT designation? A. Yes, if they maintain their good standing status with the College by paying their annual membership fees. reflect your membership in a professional standing will be prosecuted to the fullest Q. Is OCT a lifetime designation? of professional designation through the education, teachers in this province havecommunitya professionals. extent of the law. A. No. Its use is limited only to members who are in good standing with the College. Members who do not pay their Q. Can I use OCT next to my name as a presenter at membership fees, who resign, or who for disciplinary a conference, on any books I author or in any work reasons have been suspended or have had their teaching I do as a consultant? certificate revoked are ineligible to use the designation. A. Yes, by all means, as long as you are a member in good Your membership card, updated standing with the College. Q. What if I stop working for my board, or change a professional designation. In fact, this College’s annual member survey, focus annually upon receipt of your fee, is my place of employment? Can I still use the proof of your membership in the Q. What happens if a member falls out of good professional designation? College and your privilege to teach in A. Yes. The designation is not tied to employment. Ontario’s publicly funded schools. standing and their name appears in a print or online Ontario teachers – like other publication with the professional designation? professionals – now have a If you are a member in good standing with the College, A. If your teaching certificate has been revoked, if professional designation they can the designation follows you wherever you work. you have retired or if you have failed to pay your use. It’s a first for Canadian teachers membership fee, you cannot use the professional and a new mark of professionalism. Q. Can private or independent school teachers use was a first for Canadian educators. groups and an extensive electronic poll designation and you may be subject to professional the designation? misconduct and/or legal charges. A. They can if they are certified, qualified members of the Ontario College of Teachers. By choice, many are, even Q. Do conference presenters who lose the privilege though they are not required to be by law. to use the professional designation have a duty/ responsibility to inform conference organizers, Q. Can teachers who work in non-classroom settings publishers or others that they are no longer eligible use the professional designation? designed and managed by expert firms to use the designation? A. Yes. All College members in good standing, including A. Yes. Those who are ineligible to use the professional those in administrative positions such as principals, vice- principals and supervisory officers are encouraged to use Ontario designation will be prosecuted for unauthorized use. the OCT designation. Q. Shouldn’t my PhD appear first on my business card? A. No. All academic degrees should follow your professional designation. Academic degrees are conferred by Q. What do I do if I see somebody using the professional designation incorrectly? Certified Teacher A. Please report any misuse of the professional designation The Ontario College of Teachers outside the College. They told us they universities upon successful completion of course work in a specific area of study. The OCT designation signifies to the College’s Investigations and Hearings Department. The College could also litigate under trademark laws. your certification with the regulatory body for the teaching profession and the right to teach in Ontario’s publicly funded schools and school systems. Its proper use OCT is an appropriate description Q. I frequently refer to the College as OCT. OCT For additional information: Ontario College of Teachers signifies your association with the recognized community of teaching professionals in Ontario. of you as an individual certified teacher and as a member of the Isn’t it confusing to use the same term for the professional designation? Your A. OCT is an appropriate description of you as an individual Professional launched the Ontario Certified Teacher wanted a symbol of personal, professional E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org collective of Ontario’s teachers certified teacher and as a member of the collective of www.oct.ca Q. Can I decide to include OCT after my name in Ontario’s teachers, which has been granted powers to To report misuse, please phone Investigations and handwritten notes I send home to parents? A. Yes. It is appropriate and encouraged to use the designation as a symbol of professionalism in your self-regulate by Ontario’s legislature. The College comprises more than 220,000 OCTs, professionals like Designation Hearings at 416-961-8800 or toll-free in Ontario at correspondence. you who are certified to teach in Ontario’s publicly 1-888-534-2222. funded schools. (OCT) designation in the fall of 2009. achievement. Cette publication est également disponible en français sous le titre de Enseignante agréée de l’Ontario Enseignant agréé de l’Ontario EAO Votre titre professionnel. You belong to a community The College Council grants the OCT OCT is that symbol. It’s an important of highly educated, responsible and caring practitioners who designation to members in good standing. distinction and one the College hopes are committed to helping The designation signifies that you: you will use frequently in the months Ontario students develop and succeed. • are certified and qualified to teach and years ahead. in Ontario’s publicly funded schools • possess distinct knowledge and skills The College includes the professional specific to teaching designation on certificates, correspon- • engage in ongoing learning throughout dence, the public register and Council your career decisions. • belong to a community of highly educated, responsible and caring practi- OCT is not a lifetime award. Only those tioners who are committed to helping who maintain their good standing with Ontario students develop and succeed. the College can use the designation. Those who resign, retire, fail to pay their Teaching was one of the only self-regulated membership fees, or whose teaching cer- professions in the province without a tificate has been revoked or suspended professional designation. Most people are for disciplinary reasons are ineligible familiar with RN, CA, and PEng as desig- to use it. nations for nurses, chartered accountants and engineers. The abbreviations become We encourage you to use OCT in your common fixtures in everyday language, professional correspondence and wher- symbolic of the professions and respected ever you can to promote professionalism titles for their practitioners. in teaching. For more information on the designation, visit www.oct.ca. OCT lets students, parents and the public know that you belong to a community of highly educated professionals, people whose practice is guided and informed by the profession’s standards of practice and ethical standards. 64 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Ontario Certified Teacher The Mark of Professionalism Carmen Wong, CA Bryan Tiongson, RN Michael Limerick, OCT Alicia Fraser, PEng A Community of Professionals How do you recognize professionals in Ontario? Look next to their name. Only qualified, certified teachers who are members of the Ontario College of Teachers can use the professional designation, OCT – Ontario Certified Teacher. The OCT designation tells students, parents and the public that teachers are guided and informed by ethical standards and standards of practice. To learn more, visit www.oct.ca. Teacher Education Investigations and Hearings The College investigates complaints against its members related to professional misconduct, incompetence or incapacity. The College strives to ensure fair and impartial treatment for its members while protecting the public interest. 66 A C O M M I T M E n T T O L I F E L O n G L E A R n I n G Complaints, Investigations and Hearings As members of a profession, teachers are The College’s responsibility for investigating always on duty. Just as doctors, lawyers, complaints against members of the College nurses, engineers and other professionals and dealing with issues of discipline and are bound by certain standards of con- fitness to practise is outlined in the Ontario duct, so too are teachers. You should be College of Teachers Act. aware that teachers are expected to be professionals 24/7 and that the College Complaints to the College must relate may investigate if a complaint of alleged to alleged professional misconduct, professional misconduct, incompetence incompetence or incapacity. The College or incapacity is made against you. does not investigate complaints that are outside its jurisdiction or that are frivo- The courts, including the Supreme Court, lous, vexatious or an abuse of process. have made it clear that teachers are, in a sense, always role models and that “they When someone calls or writes the College do not necessarily check their teaching to express a concern about a member, hats at the schoolyard gate and may be College staff assesses the nature of the perceived to be wearing their teaching complaint and, when appropriate, may hats even off duty.” discuss with the caller or the writer other ways to resolve the dispute, such as talk- This notion needs to be viewed through ing with the teacher, principal or school the lens of reasonable expectation of board officials. conduct. One of the privileges associated with professional self-regulation is that Formal complaints, which must be in the public has entrusted the profession to writing, may be made by a member of determine what a reasonable expectation the public, a member of the College, the of conduct looks like through the deci- Registrar of the College or the Minister sions and reasons of a panel of peers. of Education. During an investigation of allegations against a member, the College acts in a fair and impartial way to respect the member’s rights while protecting the public interest. I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 67 Investigations and Hearings Investigating a complaint College committees that Need more info? Under the direction of the Investigation deal with complaints www.oct.ca ➔ Publications ➔ Committee, College investigators Three College committees deal with College Documents investigate complaints in a fair and complaints: the Investigation Committee, for the brochure Steps impartial manner. which conducts a documentation review to Take: If a Complaint of information related to the complaint; is Filed Against You Typically, an investigation involves the Discipline Committee, which holds these steps: hearings related to alleged professional • The complainant gives the investigator misconduct and incompetence; and the all relevant information about the Fitness to Practise Committee, which holds complaint, including any documents hearings related to alleged incapacity. and materials, such as photographs Three-member panels make decisions by or physical evidence. considering the information and evidence • The investigator asks the complainant related to a complaint. The panels must to confirm the allegations in writing. include both elected teacher and • The investigator notifies the member appointed public members of Council. by phone and in writing of the allega- tions and provides information about Investigation Committee the investigation process. The Investigation Committee reviews the • Members are encouraged to investigator’s report and the supporting contact their federation, professional documentation. The panel examines all organization or lawyer. the relevant information the College has • The member is invited to submit a obtained regarding the complaint. Based written response within 30 days of on its examination, the panel may: receiving notice of the complaint. • take no further action regarding • The investigator seeks information the complaint from people and organizations who • caution, admonish, remind or advise may have knowledge of the alleged the member conduct or actions of the member. • ratify a memorandum of agreement • The investigator forwards the reached through the Dispute member’s written response to the Resolution Program complainant for comment. • refer the matter to a discipline or • The investigator prepares a report a fitness to practise hearing. outlining information gathered, which a panel of the Investigation The complainant, the member and the Committee reviews with the member’s employer (if the member is supporting documentation. employed as a teacher) receive a copy of the panel’s decision and its reasons, unless the matter is referred to a hearing, in which case no reasons for the decision are expressed. If the subject of the complaint was brought to the College’s attention by a former employer, the former employer will also receive a copy of the decision. 68 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Investigations and Hearings Discipline Committee Fitness to Practise Committee The Discipline Committee considers alle- When the Investigation Committee refers gations of incompetence and professional a complaint to the Fitness to Practise misconduct that are referred to it by the Committee, a panel of this committee Investigation Committee. Discipline holds a hearing to determine whether a matters are dealt with in public hearings physical or mental condition or disorder before a three-member panel. The panel exists that makes a member unfit to carry is composed of at least one elected and out professional responsibilities or if a one appointed member. certificate should be made subject to terms, conditions or limitations. Such a If the panel finds the member guilty of hearing is not open to the public unless professional misconduct or incompetence, the member requests that it be open. it may do one or more of the following: • direct the Registrar to revoke the If the panel finds a member to be member’s certificate incapacitated, it may direct the Registrar • direct the Registrar to suspend the to revoke the member’s teaching certificate for up to two years certificate, suspend the certificate for up • direct the Registrar to impose to two years, impose terms, conditions terms, conditions or limitations or limitations on the certificate, or post- on the certificate pone a decision for a specific period to • postpone a decision for a specific provide the member with an opportunity period to provide the member with to fulfil certain conditions. The College an opportunity to fulfill certain safeguards conditions. personal information In findings of professional misconduct about its only, the committee may also: members. • require the member to be reprimanded, Council admonished or counselled by the members committee and College • impose a fine of up to $5,000 staff keep this • publish its order, in detail or in summary, information with or without the member’s name, in confidential. the College’s magazine • order costs to be paid by the member. Decisions from open hearings of the committee are available through the Margaret Wilson Library and Quicklaw. I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 69 Investigations and Hearings Dispute resolution The College uses a voluntary Dispute The College safeguards personal informa- Resolution Program to promote the tion about its members. Council members resolution of suitable complaints. The and College staff keep this information program is available at all stages of the confidential. complaint process. Dispute resolution may be used as an alternative to a full Under the Ontario College of Teachers investigation or contested hearing. A Act, the penalty for any member of the matter is considered suitable for dispute College Council or staff who fails to resolution if it can be resolved in the keep information confidential is a fine public interest and if the result reflects of up to $25,000. what would be achieved after a full hear- ing or investigation. Dispute resolution Professional misconduct allows the complainant and the member The Professional Misconduct Regulation to play more active roles in determining describes what actions, or failures to act, the outcome. constitute professional misconduct on the part of College members. If the parties reach an agreement, a panel of the appropriate committee must approve it. If the parties fail to agree, the matter proceeds by way of an investigation or hearing. Confidentiality The College does not comment on investi- gations or complaints unless they are referred to a public hearing. This practice protects the member and the complainant and avoids possible prejudice to the process. 70 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Investigations and Hearings Professional Misconduct i) the student (or if the student is a Regulation minor, the student’s parent or The Professional Misconduct Regulation guardian) consents to the release (made under the Ontario College of or disclosure, or Teachers Act) ii) if the release or disclosure is required or allowed by law. Section 1 The following acts are defined as 7. Abusing a student verbally. professional misconduct for the purpose of subsection 30 (2) of the Act: 7.1 Abusing a student physically. The College uses a 1. Providing false information or 7.2 Abusing a student psychologically voluntary documents to the College or any or emotionally. Dispute person with respect to the member’s Resolution professional qualifications. 7.3 Abusing a student sexually. Program to promote the 2. Inappropriately using a term, title or 8. Practising or purporting to practise resolution designation indicating a specializa- the profession while under the influence of suitable tion in the profession which is not of any substance or while adversely complaints. specified on the member’s Certificate affected by any dysfunction, of Qualification and Registration. i) which the member knows or ought to know impairs the member’s 3. Permitting, counselling or assisting ability to practise, and any person who is not a member to ii) in respect of which treatment has represent himself or herself as a previously been recommended, member of the College. ordered or prescribed but the member has failed to follow the 4. Using a name other than the treatment. member’s name, as set out in the register, in the course of his or her 9. Contravening a term, condition or professional duties. limitation imposed on the member’s Certificate of Qualification and 5. Failing to maintain the standards Registration. of the profession. 10. Failing to keep records as required by 6. Releasing or disclosing information his or her professional duties. about a student to a person other than the student or, if the student is a minor, 11. Failing to supervise adequately a the student’s parent or guardian. The person who is under the professional release or disclosure of information is supervision of the member. not an act of professional misconduct if, I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 71 Investigations and Hearings 12. Signing or issuing, in the member’s 21. Failing to comply with an order of a professional capacity, a document that panel of the Discipline Committee or the member knows or ought to know an order of a panel of the Fitness to contains a false, improper or misleading Practise Committee. statement. 22. Failing to co-operate in a College 13. Falsifying a record relating to the investigation. member’s professional responsibilities. 23. Failing to take reasonable steps to 14. Failing to comply with the Act, the ensure that requested information is regulations or the bylaws. provided in a complete and accurate manner if the member is required to 15. Failing to comply with the Education provide information to the College Act or the regulations made under under the Act and the regulations. that Act, if the member is subject to that Act. 24. Failing to abide by a written under- taking given by the member to the 16. Contravening a law if the contravention College or an agreement entered The College is relevant to the member’s suitability into by the member with the College. deals with to hold a Certificate of Qualification complaints made and Registration. 25. Failing to respond adequately or by members, within a reasonable time to a written employers and 17. Contravening a law if the contravention inquiry from the College. the public. has caused or may cause a student who is under the member’s professional 26. Practising the profession while the supervision to be put at or to remain member is in a conflict of interest. at risk. 27. Failing to comply with the member’s 18. An act or omission that, having duty under the Child and Family regard to all the circumstances, Services Act. would reasonably be regarded by members as disgraceful, dishonour- Section 2 able or unprofessional. A finding of incompetence, professional misconduct or a similar finding against a 19. Conduct unbecoming a member. member by a governing authority of the teaching profession in a jurisdiction other 20. Failing to appear before a panel of than Ontario that is based on facts that the Investigation Committee to be would, in the opinion of the Discipline cautioned or admonished, if the Committee, constitute professional Investigation Committee has misconduct as defined in Section 1 required the member to appear is defined as professional misconduct under clause 26 (5)(c) of the Act. for the purposes of subsection 30 (2) of the Act. 72 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Professional Advisory on Sexual Abuse and Professional Misconduct The College issued this professional advi- The term “sexual abuse” is defined by sory – its first – in October 2002. It was the Student Protection Act (see Sexual distributed to College members in the Abuse, page 75). The term “sexual mis- December 2002 issue of Professionally conduct” is used in this advisory to refer Speaking. The College also held a series to any behaviour of a sexual nature which of 18 meetings throughout the province may constitute professional misconduct. with school board officials, federation representatives, College members, com- Members of the College should consult munity childcare providers, Children’s their employer’s policies to ensure that Aid officials, parent groups, the police they are familiar with all expectations and the media to build public awareness and obligations that may exist in their of the advisory. particular workplaces and communities related to the contents of this profes- Professional Misconduct sional advisory. Related To Sexual Abuse and Sexual Misconduct This advisory applies to all members of The Council of the Ontario College of the Ontario College of Teachers, including Teachers has approved this professional but not limited to teachers, consultants, advisory. The intent of this advisory is to vice-principals, principals, supervisory help members of the College identify the officers, directors of education and those legal, ethical and professional parameters working in non-school board positions. that govern their behaviour and to prevent sexual abuse of students and sexual miscon- Why an advisory on professional duct. This advisory is not to be construed as misconduct of a sexual nature? providing an exhaustive list of unacceptable Public and professional sensitivity to and behaviours, but rather is intended to awareness of sexual abuse and sexual provide examples and guidance. misconduct has increased in recent years, not only in teaching but also in other pro- The authority of the College to investigate fessions, particularly where people are in complaints against members of the College positions of trust and moral authority. and to deal with issues of professional In April 2000 the provincial government misconduct is stated in the Ontario College released Protecting Our Students: A of Teachers Act. The Investigation Review to Identify and Prevent Sexual Committee and the Discipline Committee Misconduct in Ontario Schools, the report of the College may consider this advisory of former Justice Sydney L. Robins. This when reviewing allegations of professional report made numerous recommendations misconduct. The Discipline Committee for the teaching profession, including a will determine, in each case, whether par- recommendation for the College to ticular behaviour amounts to professional clarify and elaborate on members’ misconduct. obligations and professional duties. I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 73 Investigations and Hearings Student Protection Act This advisory helps clarify members’ In June 2002 the Ontario legislature responsibilities to the profession – to passed Bill 101, the Student Protection govern their own conduct and to Act. This Act modified existing legislation understand clearly what conduct by and placed new obligations on members other members does not conform to of the profession. The College issued this professional standards, provincial law professional advisory as the Student and the Criminal Code. Protection Act came into force. Understanding the legal, ethical and Building on the ethical standards professional parameters of behaviour is and the standards of practice central to a member’s successful career. Members of the College demonstrate This advisory helps members recognize care for and commitment to students when they are at risk of breaching those that require them to act in students’ best parameters. interests and report suspicious behaviour or allegations of professional misconduct Even though many of the behaviours of a sexual nature to appropriate authorities. described here may be unthinkable to most Members must take a student’s disclosure members, the College has an obligation of abuse or exploitation seriously, even if to identify them so that the parameters of some allegations prove to be unfounded. professional behaviour are clear. Ignorance Dealing with victim disclosure requires of the law or College regulations is not an professional judgment. This advisory acceptable excuse. Engaging in sexual abuse provides some criteria to assist members of students or sexual misconduct is a form in using their judgment. of professional misconduct and will result in an investigation and disciplinary action by Members maintain professional relation- the College. Consequences may include the ships with students and recognize the suspension or revocation of a member’s trust that the public places in them. They Certificate of Qualification and Registration are aware of the negative impact of and membership in the teaching profession. boundary violations on students. They respond professionally to victims’ allega- tions by collaborating with other profes- sionals such as police, child and family services, and College investigators. 74 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Investigations and Hearings Sexual abuse Professional misconduct Sexual abuse is a form of professional Professional misconduct includes, but is misconduct. The Student Protection Act not limited to, sexual abuse of a student defines sexual abuse of a student and by a member. Professional misconduct of amends the Ontario College of Teachers a sexual nature could involve a member’s Act to include this definition: own students, other students or children, i) sexual intercourse or other forms or even adults, if the Discipline of physical sexual relations between Committee of the College determines the member and a student, that the behaviour amounts to an act ii) touching, of a sexual nature, of defined as professional misconduct. the student by the member, or iii) behaviour or remarks of a sexual There may be forms of professional nature by the member towards misconduct that do not fall within the the student. definition of sexual abuse but which may be considered sexual misconduct. These Accordingly, members should avoid: behaviours could nonetheless fall within • sexual relations or sexual intercourse the definition of sexual misconduct and with a student constitute professional misconduct. These • any form of sexual touching of a student behaviours may include sexual harassment • any sexual contact, including behaviour and sexual relationships with students or or remarks of a sexual nature, regard- any conduct which may lead to an unpro- less of the age of the student or any fessional and inappropriate relationship apparent consent by the student. with a student. The latter is often called grooming behaviour. The College deals with complaints made by members, employers and the public. Written complaints of alleged sexual abuse of a student or sexual misconduct have to be investigated by the College if they fall within the definition of professional misconduct. I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 75 Investigations and Hearings Ultimately, the determination of whether • 1(18) an act or omission that, having particular behaviour constitutes profes- regard to all the circumstances, would sional misconduct will be made by the reasonably be regarded by members Discipline Committee based on the defi- as disgraceful, dishonourable or nition of sexual abuse, as well as the other unprofessional definitions of professional misconduct contained in the Professional Misconduct • 1(19) conduct unbecoming a member. Regulation, including: Sexual harassment • 1(5) failing to maintain the standards Inappropriate behaviour or remarks of of the profession a sexual nature which may constitute professional misconduct include, but are • 1(7) abusing a student verbally not limited to, conduct that would 1(7.1) abusing a student physically amount to sexual harassment or sexual 1(7.2) abusing a student psychologi- discrimination under the Ontario Human cally or emotionally Rights Code. These need not be overtly 1(7.3) abusing a student sexually sexual but may nonetheless demean or cause personal embarrassment to a • 1(14) failing to comply with the student, based upon a student’s gender, Ontario College of Teachers Act, race or sexual orientation. the regulations or the bylaws Members should avoid even a single event • 1(15) failing to comply with the that may constitute sexual harassment, Education Act or the regulations including but not limited to: made under that Act, if the member • objectionable conduct or comments is subject to that Act incompatible with the role of a member, regardless of whether the • 1(16) contravening a law if the affected students appear to be contravention is relevant to the offended by the conduct or comments member’s suitability to hold a • sexual harassment of non-students or Certificate of Qualification and of co-workers Registration • reprisals or threatened reprisals for rejecting sexual advances. • 1(17) contravening a law if the contravention has caused or may cause a student who is under the member’s professional supervision to be put at or to remain at risk 76 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Investigations and Hearings Sexual relationships Members should not engage in activity Regardless of the age of a student directed to establishing a sexual relation- and whether there are any criminal ship. This includes, but is not limited to: law considerations, it is unacceptable • any form of sexual touching for a member to engage in or attempt • sending intimate letters to students to establish a sexual relationship with • making telephone calls of a personal a student. Professional misconduct nature to students includes, but is not limited to, any • engaging in sexualized dialogue sexual relationship with: through the Internet with students i) a student, regardless of the student’s age • making suggestive comments ii) a former student under the age of 18 to students iii) a former student who suffers from a • dating students. disability affecting his or her ability to consent to a relationship. Such conduct is inappropriate even if the conduct does not result in the estab- Responsibility for ensuring that a member- lishment of a relationship. Engaging in a student relationship is professional and sexual relationship with a person who is appropriate rests with the member and not under the age of 18, or in relation to with the student. This remains the case whom the member holds a position of even when it is the student who attempts trust or authority, may also constitute to initiate an inappropriate relationship. professional misconduct, regardless Any conduct directed to establishing such of whether the person is a student or a relationship may constitute professional former student. misconduct. Knowing the limits – the It is not necessary that the student be responsibility of each member in the member’s own class. A student There are situations, activities and actions may be a student who is in the school where members should be cautious. Even or school system where the member is though an action or event may seem to be employed, or in relation to whom a in a student’s best interest, members need member is otherwise considered to hold to consider thoroughly the implications a position of trust and responsibility. and appearance of the action or event beforehand. I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 77 Investigations and Hearings Members have an additional responsibility • whether the activity would reasonably to avoid activities that may reasonably be regarded as conduct intended to raise concerns as to their propriety. promote or facilitate an inappropriate Keeping this in mind can help members personal relationship with a student avoid complaints to either their employer • the extent to which the activities might or to the College, and can help protect reasonably be regarded as posing a risk students by detecting and preventing sexual to the personal integrity or security of abuse or sexual misconduct by others. a student, or as contributing to any student’s level of discomfort Using good judgment • whether the conduct would reasonably Members understand that students be regarded as being in the best interests depend on teachers to interpret what is of the student. right and wrong. This judgment can be difficult when certain acts seem innocent Members should avoid: but may be considered later as a prelude • inviting individual students to to sexual abuse or sexual misconduct. their homes • seeing students in private and In the interests of student safety, when isolated situations members use their professional judgment • exchanging personal notes, about their own or others’ activities they comments or e-mails should be mindful of these and other • becoming personally involved in considerations: students’ affairs • whether the activities are known to, or • giving personal gifts to students approved by, supervisors and/or parents • sharing personal information or legal guardians about themselves • whether the student is physically • making physical contact of a isolated from other observers, for sexual nature. example, behind closed doors • whether the circumstances are urgent or When meeting with students, members an emergency (providing transportation should, whenever possible, ensure that: in a blizzard, for example) • classroom and office doors are left open • whether the education environment • a third party is present or aware of might be detrimentally affected by the meeting the activities • the student is not physically isolated from other observers, for example, behind closed doors • they are not alone with an individual student except in urgent or emergency circumstances. 78 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Investigations and Hearings Reporting suspected or alleged Employer responsibilities inappropriate sexual behaviour Similarly, employers were previously If a member of the College has reasonable required to report to the College grounds to suspect the sexual abuse of members who had been convicted of students or sexual misconduct, the member an offence under the Criminal Code has a responsibility to report the suspected involving sexual conduct and minors. or alleged case to appropriate authorities. The Student Protection Act stipulates This includes one or more or all of the that employers must now report to the following: child and family services, police, College at the time a member is charged the employer and the Ontario College with a sexual offence. of Teachers. Responsibility of the Ontario Adverse report and College of Teachers anti-reprisal provisions The Investigation Committee of the The Student Protection Act also amended College is responsible for investigating the Teaching Profession Act. A member complaints relating to a member’s alleged who makes an adverse report about professional misconduct, incompetence or another member respecting suspected incapacity. Allegations of misconduct may sexual abuse of a student by that other result in charges under the Professional member need not provide him or her Misconduct Regulation made under the with a copy of the report or with any Ontario College of Teachers Act. If the information about the report. Investigation Committee refers a case to the Discipline Committee, a panel of the Members of the College may not engage Discipline Committee will conduct a in, or threaten to engage in, reprisals hearing to determine whether the alleged against anyone who discloses, reports conduct constitutes professional misconduct. or otherwise provides information with respect to alleged or suspected profes- sional misconduct of a sexual nature. I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 79 Investigations and Hearings Relevant legislation • deems those who previously held an Teachers are governed by several pieces Ontario Teacher’s Certificate or Letter of legislation and the regulations made of Standing issued by the Ministry of under them. The College web site at Education to hold the corresponding www.oct.ca g About the College g Certificate of Qualification and Education Legislation carries the full Registration issued by the College Need more info? www.oct.ca ➔ text of these laws and regulations or a • defines the process for qualified About the College link to them at e-laws. individuals to register as members for full-text versions of of the College. education legislation Ontario College of Teachers Act • establishes the Ontario College Professional Misconduct Regulation of Teachers • defines a range of infractions that can be • defines the scope of authority considered as professional misconduct – of the College in governing the from providing false information on teaching profession and protecting professional qualifications and failing to the public interest maintain the standards of the profession • sets out the duties of a teacher as a to abusing a student physically, sexually, member of the profession – to pay the verbally, psychologically or emotionally. annual membership fees, provide information required by the College, Accreditation Regulation fulfill ongoing education requirements, • establishes the parameters of the uphold the standards of the profession College’s responsibility to accredit and avoid doing things that result in teacher education programs disciplinary measures being taken by in Ontario. the College because of misconduct or incompetence. Teachers’ Qualifications Regulation • outlines how new members qualify for a Certificate of Qualification and Registration • sets out the process and requirements for obtaining basic and additional qualifications, including principal’s and supervisory officer’s qualifications 80 M E M B E R ’ S H A n D B O O K 2 0 1 1 Investigations and Hearings Education Act Education Accountability Act • sets duties and responsibilities of the • sets province-wide standards for Minister of Education, the school teaching time in secondary schools, boards, school board supervisory average class sizes at both the officers, principals, teachers, parents elementary and secondary levels and students. and other elements of curriculum and Special Education. Operation of Schools Regulation – General Student Protection Act (Regulation 298) • sets out a definition of sexual abuse • describes the duties of a teacher that recognizes not just physical sexual • outlines a teacher’s legal obligations. abuse but sexual harassment and inappropriate behaviour of teachers Collection of Personal • imposes strong requirements for Information Regulation reporting sexual abuse. (Regulation 521/01) • school boards must collect a Child and Family Services Act Canadian Police Information Centre • sets out the responsibility of a wide (CPIC) computer check on their range of professionals who deal current employees with children – including teachers – • school boards must collect a CPIC to report if they suspect a child is or check from all new employees hired may be in need of protection. after March 31, 2002, before they can start their employment. Safe Schools Act • amends the Education Act • gives force to Code of Conduct • sets expectations for behaviour and consequences for students who commit serious infractions. I n V E S T I G A T I O n S A n D H E A R I n G S 81 We care about the students Teachers open minds, unlock treasures and invite students into a world of exciting learning experiences. 2011 Council Members and Senior Leadership Council members Chair Vice-Chair Liz Papadopoulos, OCT Ruth Ann Penny, OCT Members Danny Anckle Garry Humphreys Alexander (Sandy) Bass, OCT Annilee Jarvis, OCT Shabnum Budhwani Bill Kirkwood Carlo Cappello, OCT Clint Lovell, OCT Marie-Louise Chartrand Bill Matheson Monique Châteauvert Darlene Mead, OCT Rebecca Coulter, OCT Terry Price, OCT Irene Dembek, OCT Tanya Roberts, OCT Gale Dores, OCT Susan Robertson Marc Dubois, OCT Robert Ryan, OCT Martha Dutrizac, OCT Pauline Smart Dean Favero, OCT Mara Torcaso, OCT nick Forte, OCT Jacques Tremblay, OCT Dobi-Dawn Frenette John Tucker Robert Gagné Henry Tyndorf, OCT E. Clyde Glasgow Hanno Weinberger, OCT Mel Greif Sharon Young Kipp, OCT Brent Hamelin, OCT Ontario College Of Teachers Registrar Director of Corporate and Council Services Michael Salvatori, OCT Richard Lewko Deputy Registrar Director of Standards of Practice Joe Jamieson, OCT and Accreditation Michelle Longlade, OCT Director of Investigations and Hearings Director of Membership Services Francine Dutrisac, OCT Linda Zaks-Walker, OCT C O u n C I L M E M B E R S A n D S E n I O R L E A D E R S H I P 83 For the kids! You became a teacher to help students fulfill their potential, and in doing so you will fulfill yours. We are confident that you will have a rewarding and meaningful career. Contact the College General inquiries The Ontario College of Teachers contact centre and switchboard are open from 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday to Friday. We are closed on statutory holidays. Web site www.oct.ca Phone To reach us by telephone, call 416-961-8800 or (toll-free in Ontario) 1-888-534-2222 and listen to the prompts. The College call centre has knowledgeable staff who can provide infor- mation on a wide range of issues relevant to College membership, including qualifications, certification and the complaints process. Fax 416-961-8822 E-mail For general information: email@example.com For library inquiries: firstname.lastname@example.org Mail Ontario College of Teachers 101 Bloor Street West, Toronto, On M5S 0A1 In person The College’s main offices are in downtown Toronto at 101 Bloor Street West, one block west of Bay Street. Visit our Client Services Welcome Counter on the 14th floor. Library 101 Bloor Street West 416-961-8800 Toll-free in Ontario: 1-888-534-2222 E-mail: email@example.com Have a good year! Being an Ontario Certified Teacher has its privileges. Your card will give you benefits at: Be sure to carry your card with you and ask wherever you go – even at venues around the • parks, museums, sporting events and theatres world – whether you can have an Ontario Certified • travel services and vacation destinations Teacher discount. • vendors for computers, software, school supplies and books. If you know of an organization or business that would like to offer a discount, ask someone there For a growing list of places where discounts are to e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org for information. offered to Ontario Certified Teachers, visit www.oct.ca and click on OCT Discounts on the right-hand side. Through our College, teachers work Ontario Certified Teacher's Handbook 2011 every day to meet the expectations of parents and the public that Ontario’s students will learn from qualified professional teachers. For additional information: Ontario College of Teachers Toll-free in Ontario: 1-888-534-2222 E-mail: email@example.com www.oct.ca Cette publication est également disponible en français sous le titre de Inspirer l’apprentissage.
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