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					            CLGE08003 THE ROMAN WORLD 1A: THE RISE OF ROME
                         COURSE BIBLIOGRAPHY


Books and articles may be found in the Main Library in George Square or in the Student
Research Room, 2M.25 in the School of History, Classics and Archaeology, Doorway 4, Old
Medical School, Teviot Place.

Titles of journals are abbreviated as in L’Année philologique (the standard bibliographical
resource for Classics). A list of these abbreviations may be found at:
http://library.uncg.edu/depts/ref/bibs/lannee_abbrev.asp. CAH denotes The Cambridge
Ancient History (ed. 2).

Items marked ► are available electronically via the Library’s ejournals service
(www.lib.ed.ac.uk/resources/collections/serials/ejintro.shtml). The ejournals service makes
available a number of electronic repositories of journals, of which JSTOR
(www.jstor.org/action/showJournals?selectDiscipline=43693391&browseType=discipline&x
=10&y=10), covering many of the best known Classics journals, is the largest. Other
journals, however, and recent issues of journals, are contained in other repositories also
available via the ejournals service. In addition the Library holds print copies of journals,
including many not yet available electronically.

Note that journal articles, unlike books, are not catalogued under the name of their author:
instead, you should search for the name of the journal, then find the relevant volume, then
turn to the relevant page. For example, if you want to look up Momigliano, A. (1963), ‘An
interim report on the origins of Rome’, JRS 53, 95-121, you should first use the ejournals
service (or go directly to JSTOR) to locate the Journal of Roman Studies, then find volume 53
(published in 1963), and then turn to p. 95. You will not find the article by looking up
‘Momigliano’ in the library catalogue.

General

        Badian, E. (1968), Roman Imperialism in the Late Republic, ed. 2, Oxford
Balsdon, J.P.V.D. (1970), Rome: the Story of an Empire, London
        Beard, M., and Crawford, M.H. (1985), Rome in the Late Republic, London
        Boatwright, M.T., Gargola, D.J., and Talbert, R.J.A. (2004), The Romans: From
Village to Empire, New York and Oxford (the prescribed text for the course)
        Brunt, P.A. (1971), Social Conflicts in the Roman Republic, London
        Brunt, P.A. (1988), The Fall of the Roman Republic and Related Essays, Oxford
        Camps, W.A. (1969), An Introduction to Virgil’s Aeneid, Oxford
Claridge, A. (1998), Rome: an Oxford Archaeological Guide, Oxford
        Conte, G.B. (1994), Latin Literature: a History, Baltimore
        Cornell, T.J. (1995), The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age
to the Punic Wars (c. 1000-264 BC), London and New York
Cornell, T.J., and Matthews, J. (1982), Atlas of the Roman World, New York
Crawford, M.H. (1978), The Roman Republic, London
Crawford, M.H. (1983), Sources for Ancient History, Cambridge
Flower, H.I. (2004), ed., The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Republic, Cambridge
Goodman, M. (1997), The Roman World 44 BC-AD 180, London
Gruen, E.S. (1968), Roman Politics and the Criminal Courts, 149-78 BC, Cambridge, Mass.
Gruen, E.S. (1974), The Last Generation of the Roman Republic, London
        Harrison, S.J. (2005), A Companion to Latin Literature, Malden and Oxford
         Hornblower, S., and Spawforth, A. (1996), eds, The Oxford Classical Dictionary, ed.
3, Oxford
Howgego, C. (1995), Ancient History from Coins, London
Kamm, A. (1995), The Romans: an Introduction, London
Kenney, E.J., and Clausen, W.V. (1982), eds, The Cambridge History of Classical Literature,
vol. 2, Latin Literature, Cambridge
Lintott, A.W. (1999), The Constitution of the Roman Republic, Oxford
Lyne, R.O.A.M. (1980), The Latin Love Poets from Catullus to Horace, Oxford
Potter, D. (1998), Literary Texts and the Roman Historian, London
         Potter, D. (2009), Rome in the Ancient World: From Romulus to Justinian, London
(the prescribed text for the course)
         Richardson, J. (2009), The Language of Empire, Cambridge
Rosenstein, N., and Morstein-Marx, R. (2006), eds, A Companion to the Roman Republic,
Oxford.
         Scullard, H.H. (1980), A History of the Roman World 753-146 BC, ed. 4, London
         Scullard, H.H. (1982), From the Gracchi to Nero: A History of Rome 133 BC-AD 68,
ed. 5, London
         Seager, R.J. (1969), ed., The Crisis of the Roman Republic: Studies in Political and
Social History, Cambridge
Sharrock, A., and Ash, R. (2002), Fifty Key Classical Authors, London
Shotter, D. (1991), Augustus Caesar, London
Shotter, D. (1994), The Fall of the Roman Republic, London
Sutherland, C.H.V. (1987), Roman History and Coinage 44 BC-AD 69, Oxford
Wallace-Hadrill, A. (2008), Rome’s Cultural Revolution. Cambridge.
         Wiseman, T.P. (1985), Catullus and his World: a Reappraisal, Cambridge

Week 1: Introduction

On the time of the kings:

         Cornell, T.J. (1995), The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age
to the Punic Wars (c. 1000-264 BC), London and New York, Chs 5-7
►           Momigliano, A. (1963), ‘An interim report on the origins of Rome’, JRS 53, 95-
121
Smith, C.J. (1996), Early Rome and Latium: Economy and Society, c.1000-500 BC, London
Stewart, R. (1998), Public Office in Early Rome: Ritual Procedure and Political Practice,
Ann Arbor
Thomsen, R. (1980), King Servius Tullius: a Historical Synthesis, Copenhagen
Torelli, M. (1989), ‘Archaic Rome between Latium and Etruria’, CAH2 VII.2, 30-51
►          Wiseman, T.P. (1989), ‘Roman legend and oral tradition’, JRS 79, 129-37

Week 2: Early Rome

On myth:

Beard, M. (1987), ‘A complex of times: no more sheep on Romulus’ birthday’, Proceedings
of the Cambridge Philological Society 33, 1-15
Bremmer, J., and Horsfall, N. (1987), eds, Roman Myth and Mythography, esp. Chs 2 and 3
Cornell, T. J. (1995), The Beginnings of Rome, London
Derow, P.S. (1973), ‘The Roman calendar’, Phoenix 27, 345-56
Michaels, A.K. (1953), ‘The topography and interpretation of the Lupercalia’, Transactions of
the American Philological Society 213, 1-15
Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1987), ‘Time for Augustus’, in M.Whitby (ed.), Homo Viator: Classical
Essays for John Bramble, Bristol, 221-30
►Wiseman, T.P. (1989), ‘Roman legend and oral tradition’, JRS 79, 129-37
Wiseman, T.P. (1995), Remus: a Roman Myth, Cambridge
Wiseman, T.P. (2004), The Myths of Rome, Exeter

On archaeology:

Boethius, A. (1970, 1978), Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture, Pelican History of Art,
Harmondsworth, Chs 2 and 4
        Coulston, J., and Dodge, H. (2000), eds, Ancient Rome: the Archaeology of the
Eternal City, Oxford, Ch. 1 (‘Introduction: the archaeology and topography of Rome’) and
        Ch. 2 by C.Smith (‘Early and archaic Rome’)
Holloway, R.R. (1994), The Archaeology of Early Rome and Latium, London and New York
Wiseman, T.P. (1996), ‘What do we know about early Rome?’, JRA 9, 310-15

On histories, texts and historians:

►           Brunt, P.A. (1980), ‘On historical fragments and epitomes’, CQ 30, 477-94
Cameron, A. (1989), History as Text: the Writing of Ancient History, Chapel Hill
Chaplin, J.D. (2000), Livy’s Exemplary History, Oxford
Clarke, K. (1999), Between Geography and History: Hellenistic Constructions of the Roman
World, Oxford
Cornell, T.J. (1995), The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the
Punic Wars (c. 1000-264 BC), London and New York, Ch. 1
Duff, T. (1999), Plutarch’s Lives: Exploring Virtue and Vice, Oxford
Fornara, C.W. (1983), The Nature of History in Ancient Greece and Rome, Berkeley
Jaeger, M. (1997), Livy’s Written Rome, Ann Arbor
         Kraus, C.S. (1997), Latin Historians, Oxford
Luce, T.J. (1977), Livy: the Composition of his History, Princeton
Miles, G.B. (1995), Livy: Reconstructing Early Rome, Ithaca
►Momigliano, A. (1957), ‘Perizonius, Niebuhr and the character of early Roman tradition’,
JRS 47, 104-14
► Pelling, C.B.R. (1979), ‘Plutarch’s method of work in the Roman Lives’, JHS 99, 74-96
► Pelling, C.B.R. (1980), ‘Plutarch’s adaptation of his source material’, JHS 100, 127-40
Pelling, C.B.R. (2002), Plutarch and History: Eighteen Studies, Swansea
         Potter, D.S. (1999), Literary Texts and the Roman Historian, London and New York
Sacks, K. (1981), Polybius on the Writing of History, Berkeley
Walbank, F.W. (1960), ‘History and tragedy’, Historia 9, 216-34
Walbank, F.W. (1985), Selected Papers: Studies in Greek and Roman History and
Historiography, Cambridge
Walsh, P.G. (1961), Livy: His Historical Aims and Methods, Cambridge
Walsh, P.G. (1974), Livy, Oxford

Week 3: Italy

On patricians, plebeians and the early republic:

         Cornell, T.J. (1995), The Beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age
to the Punic Wars (c. 1000-264 BC), London and New York, Chs 9, 10 and 11
Mitchell, R. (1990), Patricians and Plebeians: the Origin of the Roman State, New York
Raaflaub, K. (2005), ed., Social Struggles in Archaic Rome, ed. 2, Berkeley
► Shatzman, I. (1973), ‘Patricians and plebeians: the case of the Veturii’, CQ 23, 65-77
Staveley, E.S. (1959), ‘The political aims of Appius Claudius Caecus’, Historia 8, 410-33
Stewart, R. (1998), Public Office in Early Rome: Ritual Procedure and Political Practice,
Ann Arbor
        Torelli, M. (1989), ‘Archaic Rome between Latium and Etruria’, CAH2 VII.2, 30-51
►           Wiseman, T.P. (1989), ‘Roman legend and oral tradition’, JRS 79, 129-37

On the Etruscans:

Barker, G., and Rasmussen, T. (1998, 2000), The Etruscans, Oxford
Boethius, A. (1970, 1978), Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture, Pelican History of Art,
Harmondsworth, Ch. 3
Bonfante, L. (1986), ed., Etruscan Life and Afterlife: a Handbook of Etruscan Studies,
Warminster
Cristofani, M. (1979), The Etruscans: a New Investigation, London
Haynes, S. (2000), Etruscan Civilization: a Cultural History, London
        Macnamara, E. (1990), The Etruscans, London

(See also reading for the tutorial on the Etruscans.)

On the (so-called) Romanisation of Italy:

         Bradley, G. (1999), Ancient Umbria, Oxford
Bradley, G. et al. (2008), eds, Ancient Italy, Exeter
Cooley, A.E. (2002), ‘The survival of Oscan in Roman Pompeii’, in A.E.Cooley (ed.),
Becoming Roman, Writing Latin?, Portsmouth, RI, 77-86
►           Crawford, M.H. (1981), ‘Italy and Rome’, JRS 71, 153-60
► Curti, E., Dench, E., Patterson, J. (1996), ‘Central and southern Roman Italy: an
archaeological survey’, JRS 86, 170-89
         Frederiksen, M.W. (1959), ‘Republican Capua’, PBSR 27, 80-130
Frederiksen, M.W. (1984), Campania, London
         Harris, W.V. (1971), Rome in Etruria and Umbria, Oxford
Isayev, L. (2006), Inside Ancient Lucania, London
Lomas, K. (1993), Rome and the Western Greeks, 350 BC-AD 200, London
         Oakley, S. (1993), ‘The Roman conquest of Italy’, in J.W.Rich and G.Shipley (eds),
War and Society in the Roman World, London, 9-37
         Penney, J.H.W. (1988), ‘The languages of Italy’, CAH2 IV, 720-38
Potter, T.W. (1979), The Changing Landscape of South Etruria, New York
Potter, T.W. (1987), Roman Italy, Berkeley

Week 4: State and society I

On the organisation of political power:

Astin, A.E. (1982), ‘The censorship of the Roman republic’, Historia 31, 174-87
Badian, E. (1990), ‘The consuls, 179-49 BC’, Chiron 20, 31-119
► Bell, A.J.E. (1997), ‘Cicero and the spectacle of power’, JRS 87, 1-22
►           Brunt, P.A. (1966), ‘The Roman mob’, Past and Present 35, 23-25
►           Brunt, P.A. (1982), ‘Nobilitas and novitas’, JRS 72, 1-17
►Brunt, P.A. (1986), ‘Cicero’s officium in the Civil War’, JRS 76, 12-28
Finley, M.I (1983), Politics in the Ancient World, Cambridge
► Harris, W.V. (1990), ‘On defining the political culture of the Roman republic: some
comments on Rosenstein, Williamson, and North’, CPh 85, 288-94
Hopkins, K. (1978), Conquerors and Slaves, Cambridge, 1-19 and 48-54
► Lintott, A.W. (1967), ‘P. Clodius Pulcher – Felix Catilina?’, Greece & Rome 14, 157-69
►            Lintott, A.W. (1974), ‘Cicero and Milo’, JRS 64, 62-76
► Lintott, A.W. (1990), ‘Electoral bribery in the Roman republic’ JRS 80, 1-16
Lintott, A.W. (1999), The Constitution of the Roman Republic, Oxford
MacMullen, R. (1980), ‘How many Romans voted?’, Athenaeum 58, 454-7
► Millar, F.G.B. (1984), ‘The political character of the classical Roman republic, 200-151
BC’, JRS 74, 1-19
► Millar, F.G.B. (1989), ‘Political power in the mid-republic: curia or comitium?’ JRS 79,
138-150
          Mouritsen, H. (2001), Plebs and Politics in the Late Republic, Cambridge
Paterson, J. (1985), ‘Politics in the late republic’, in T.P.Wiseman (ed.), Roman Political Life,
90 BC-AD 69, Exeter, 21-43
Patterson, J.R. (2000), Political Life in the City of Rome, London
► Richardson, J.S. (1975), ‘The triumph, the praetors and the senate’, JRS 65, 50-63
► Seager, R.J. (1972), ‘Cicero and the word popularis’, CQ 22, 328-38
► Shackelton Bailey, D.R. (1986), ‘Nobiles and novi reconsidered’, AJPh 107, 255-60
Staveley, E.S. (1956), ‘The constitution of the Roman republic’, Historia 5, 74-122
► Taylor, L.R. (1946), ‘Degrassi’s edition of the consular and triumphal Fasti’, CPh 41, 1-11
► Taylor, L.R. (1957), ‘The centuriate assembly before and after the reform’, AJPh 78, 337-
54
►            Wiseman, T.P. (1969), ‘The senate in the first century BC’, JRS 59, 59-75
          Wiseman, T.P. (1971), New Men in the Roman Senate, 139 BC-AD 69, Oxford
          Wiseman, T.P. (2009), Remembering the Roman People, Oxford
► Yakobson, A. (1992), ‘Petitio and largitio: popular participation in the centuriate assembly
in the late republic’, JRS 82, 32-52
Yakobson, A. (1999), Elections and Electioneering in Rome: a Study in the Political System
of the Late Republic, Stuttgart

On the Roman Forum:

Ammerman, C. (1990), ‘On the origins of the Forum Romanum’, AJA 94, 627-45
Boethius, A. (1970, 1978), Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture, Pelican History of Art,
Harmondsworth, 145-56
Guidobaldi, P. (1988), The Roman Forum, Milan
►Patterson, J. R. (1992), ‘Review article: The city of Rome: From republic to empire’, JRS,
82, 186-215
Patterson, J. (2000), Political Life in the City of Rome, London
        Purcell, N. (1995), ‘Forum Romanum’, in M. Steinby (ed.), Lexicon Topographicum
Urbis Romae II
Richardson, L. (1988), Pompeii: an Architectural History, Baltimore, Ch. 7

Week 5: State and society II

On ‘religion’:

►Beard, M. (1986), ‘Cicero and divination: the formation of a Latin discourse’, JRS 76, 33-
46
      Beard, M. (1994), ‘Religion’, CAH2 IX, 729-68
      Beard, M., and Crawford, M.H. (1985), Rome in the Late Republic, Ch. 3
Beard, M., and North, J. (1990), eds, Pagan Priests. Religion and Power in the Ancient
World, London
Bispham, E., and Smith, C. (2000), eds, Religion in Archaic and Republican Rome and Italy,
Edinburgh
►           North, J. (1975), ‘Praesens Divus’, JRS 65, 171-5
        North, J. (1976), ‘Conservatism and change in Roman religion’, PBSR 44, 1-12
►           North, J. (1980), ‘Novelty and choice in Roman religion’, JRS 70, 186-91
►           North, J. (1986), ‘Religion and politics, from republic to empire’, JRS 76, 251-8
        North, J. (1989), ‘Religion in republican Rome’, CAH2 VII.2, 573-624
► Rawson, E. (1971), ‘Prodigy lists and the use of the Annales Maximi’, CQ 21, 158-69
► Rawson, E. (1973), ‘Scipio, Laelius, Furius and the ancestral religion’, JRS 63, 161-74
► Rawson, E. (1974), ‘Religion and politics in the late second century BC’, Phoenix 28, 193-
212
Scheid, J. (1993), ‘The priest’, in A.Giardina (ed.), The Romans, Chicago, 55-84
Scheid, J. (2003), An Introduction to Roman Religion, Edinburgh
► Schofield, M. (1986), ‘Cicero for and against divination’, JRS 76, 46-65

On the family:

        Dixon, S. (1988), The Roman Mother, London
Dixon, S. (1992), The Roman Family, Baltimore
Gardner, J.F., and Wiedemann, T. (1991), The Roman Household: a Sourcebook, London and
New York
        Rawson, B. (1986), ed., The Family in Ancient Rome: New Perspectives, London
Rawson, B. (2003), ed., Children and Childhood in Roman Italy, Oxford
        Rawson, B., and Weaver, P. (1997), eds, The Roman Family in Italy: Status,
Sentiment, Space, Oxford
► Saller, R. (1984), ‘Familia, domus and the Roman conception of the family’, Phoenix 38,
336-55

On slavery:

Bradley, K.R. (1987), Slaves and Masters in the Roman Empire, New York and Oxford
Bradley, K.R. (1994), Slavery and Society at Rome, Cambridge
Bradley, K.R. (1998), Slavery and Rebellion in the Roman World, 140 BC-70 BC,
Bloomington
Garnsey, P.D.A. (1996), Ideas of Slavery from Aristotle to Augustine, Cambridge
► Harris, W.V. (1999), ‘Demography, geography and the sources of Roman slaves’, JRS 89,
62-75
        Hopkins, K. (1978), Conquerors and Slaves, Cambridge
►           Hopkins, K. (1993), ‘Novel evidence for Roman slavery’, Past and Present 138,
3-27
► Morley, N. (2001), ‘The transformation of Italy, 225-28 BC’, JRS 91, 50-62
► Purcell, N. (1985), ‘Wine and wealth in Roman Italy’, JRS 75, 1-19
►           Rathbone, D.W. (1981), ‘The development of agriculture in the ager Cosanus in
the republican period: problems of evidence and interpretation’, JRS 71, 10-23
►           Rathbone, D.W. (1983), ‘The slave mode of production in Italy’, JRS 73, 160-8
► Roth, U. (2005), ‘No more slave gangs: Varro, De re rustica 1.2.20f.’, CQ 55, 310-15
Roth, U. (2007), Thinking Tools: Agricultural Slavery between Evidence and Models, London
Samson, R. (1989), ‘Rural slavery, inscriptions, archaeology and Marx’, Historia 38, 99-110
► Scheidel, W. (1997), ‘Quantifying the sources of slaves in the early Roman Empire’, JRS
87, 156-169
► Scheidel, W. (2005), ‘Human mobility in Roman Italy, II: the slave population’, JRS 95, 1-
16
Shaw, B.D. (2001), Spartacus and the Slave Wars: a Brief History with Documents, Boston
and New York
► Stace, C. (1968), ‘The slaves of Plautus’, Greece & Rome 15, 64-77

Week 6: War and imperialism

On Roman wars, east and west:

Badian, E. (1968), Roman Imperialism in the Late Republic, Oxford
► Balsdon, J.P.V.D. (1954), ‘Rome and Macedon, 205-200 BC’, JRS 44, 30-42
        Beard, M., and Crawford, M.H. (1985), Rome in the Late Republic, London, Ch. 6
Briscoe, J. (1969), ‘Eastern policy and senatorial politics, 168-146 BC’, Historia 18, 18-33
        Cornell, T.J. et al. (1996), eds, The Second Punic War: a Reappraisal, London
Champion, C. (2004), ed., Roman Imperialism: Readings and Sources, Oxford
► Derow, P. (1979), ‘Polybius, Rome and the east’, JRS 69, 1-15
Derow, P.S. (1989), ‘Rome, the fall of Macedon, and the sack of Corinth’, CAH2 VIII, 290-
323
Derow, P.S. (2003), ‘The arrival of Rome’, in A.Erskine (ed.), A Companion to the
Hellenistic World, Oxford, 51-70
Eckstein, A.M. (1988), ‘Rome, the war with Perseus, and third party mediation’, Historia 37,
414-44
Eckstein, A.M. (2006), Mediterranean Anarchy, Interstate War and the Rise of Rome,
Berkeley
Erdkamp, P. (1998), Hunger and the Sword, Amsterdam
Errington, R.M. (1971), The Dawn of Empire, London
Errington, R.M. (1990), A History of Macedonia, Berkeley
Erskine, A. (2010), Roman Imperialism, Edinburgh
Gabba, E. (1976), Republican Rome, the Army and the Allies, Oxford
Garnsey, P.D.A., and Whittaker, C.R. (1978), eds, Imperialism in the Ancient World,
Cambridge
Gruen, E.S. (1984), ‘Material rewards and the drive for empire’, in W.V.Harris (ed.), The
Imperialism of Mid-Republican Rome, Cambridge, Mass., 59-82
Gruen, E.S. (1984), The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome, Berkeley
►            Hammond, N.G.L (1968), ‘Illyris, Rome and Macedon in 229-205 BC’, JRS 58, 1-
21
        Harris, W.V. (1984), ed, The Imperialism of Mid-Republican Rome, Cambridge,
Mass.
►            Harris, W.V. (1971), ‘On war and greed in the second century BC’, American
Historical Review 76, 1371-85
Harris, W.V. (1979), War and Imperialism in Republican Rome, 327-70 BC, Oxford
Hopkins, K. (1978), Conquerors and Slaves, Cambridge
Hoyos, D. (2003), Hannibal’s Dynasty: Power and Politics in the Western Mediterranean,
London and New York
Keppie, L.F.J. (1998), The Making of the Roman Army: From Republic to Empire, London
Lazenby, J.F. (1978), Hannibal’s War: a Military History of the Second Punic War,
Warminster
►            North, J. (1981), ‘The development of Roman imperialism’, JRS 71, 1-9
Rich, J.W. (1976), Declaring War in the Roman Republic in the Period of Transmarine
Expansion, Brussels
        Rich, J.W. (1983), ‘The supposed Roman manpower shortage of the late second
century BC’, Historia 32, 287-311
Rich, J.W. (1995), ‘Fear, greed and glory: the causes of Roman war making in the middle
republic’, in J.W.Rich and G.Shipley (eds), War and Society in the Roman World, London,
38-68
Richardson, J.S. (1979), ‘Polybios’ view of the Roman empire’, PBSR 34, 1-17
Richardson, J.S. (1986), Hispaniae: Spain and the Development of Roman Imperialism, 218-
82 BC, Cambridge
Richardson, J.S. (1996), Romans in Spain, Oxford
► Ridley, R.T. (1986), ‘To be taken with a grain of salt: the destruction of Carthage’, CPh
81, 140-6
Scullard, H.H. (1970), Scipio Africanus: Soldier and Politician, London
Scullard, H.H. (1973), Roman Politics 220-150 BC, Oxford
Scullard, H.H. (1989), ‘Carthage and Rome’, CAH2 VII.2, 486-569
► Walbank, F.W. (1937), ‘The origins of the Second Macedonian War’, JRS 27, 180-207
Walbank, F.W. (1940), Philip V of Macedon, Cambridge
► Walbank, F.W. (1963), ‘Polybius and Rome’s eastern policy’, JRS 53, 1-13
Zielkowski, A. (1993), ‘Vrbs direpta, or how the Romans sacked cities’, in J.W.Rich and
G.Shipley (eds), War and Society in the Roman World, London and New York, 69-91

On the Gracchi:

Badian, E. (1972), ‘Ti. Gracchus and the beginning of the Roman revolution’, Aufstieg und
Niedergang der römischen Welt 1, 668-731
Bernstein, A.H. (1978), Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, Ithaca
► Boren, H.C. (1957-8), ‘The urban side of the Gracchan economic crisis’, American
Historical Review 63, 890-902
► Briscoe, J. (1974), ‘Supporters and opponents of Ti. Gracchus’, JRS 64, 125-35
Earl, D.C. (1963), Tiberius Gracchus: a Study in Politics, Brussels
► Rich, J.W. (1983), ‘The supposed Roman manpower shortage of the later second century
BC’, Historia 32, 287-331
► Richardson, J.S. (1980), ‘The ownership of Roman land: Ti. Gracchus and the Italians’,
JRS 70, 1-11
► Sherwin-White, A.N. (1982), ‘The lex repetundarum and the political ideas of
C.Gracchus’, JRS 72, 18-31
        Stockton, D.L. (1979), The Gracchi, Oxford
► Taylor, L.R. (1962), ‘Forerunners of the Gracchi’, JRS 52, 19-27

Week 7: Elite culture in the Roman world

On Catullus:

Adler, A. (1981), Catullan Self-Revelation, New York
► Clarke, M.L. (1976), ‘Latin love poets and the biographical approach’, Greece & Rome 23,
132-9
► Clausen, W.V. (1964), ‘Callimachus and Latin poetry’, GRBS 5, 181-96
► Clausen, W.V. (1976), ‘Catulli Veronensis liber’, CPh 71, 37-43
        Clausen, W.V. (1982), ‘The new direction in poetry’, in E.J.Kenney and W.V.Clausen
(eds), The Cambridge History of Classical Literature, vol. 2, Latin Literature, Cambridge,
178-206, 831-3
        Ferguson, J. (1988), Catullus, Greece & Rome New Surveys 20
Fitzgerald, W. (1995), Catullan Provocations: Lyric Poetry and the Drama of Position,
Berkeley
Gaisser, J.H. (2007), Catullus, Oxford
Godwin, J. (1995), Catullus: Poems 61-68, Warminster
Godwin, J. (1999), Catullus: Shorter Poems, Warminster
Goold, G.P. (1983), Catullus, ed. 2, London
        Griffin, J. (1985), Latin Poets and Roman Life, London, esp. Chs 1, 3 and 6
Hurley, A.K. (2004), Catullus, London
        Jenkyns, R. (1982), Three Classical Poets, London
Lightfoot, J.L. (1999), Parthenius of Nicaea, Oxford, introduction
►           Lyne, R.O.A.M. (1978), ‘The neoteric poets’, CQ 28, 167-87
        Lyne, R.O.A.M. (1980), The Latin Love Poets from Catullus to Horace, Oxford, Chs
1 and 2
Nappa, C. (2001), Aspects of Catullus’ Social Fiction, Frankfurt am Main
Newman, J.K. (1990), Roman Catullus and the Modification of the Alexandrian Sensibility,
Hildesheim
Quinn, K. (1972a), Catullus: an Interpretation, Toronto
Quinn, K. (1972b), ed., Approaches to Catullus, Cambridge
Quinn, K. (1999), The Catullan Revolution, ed. 2, Bristol
Ross, D.O. (1969), Style and Tradition in Catullus, Cambridge, Mass.
Skinner, M.B. (2007), ed., A Companion to Catullus, Malden and Oxford
Wiseman, T.P. (1969), Catullan Questions, Leicester
Wiseman, T.P. (1974), Cinna the Poet and other Roman Essays, Leicester, Chs 2-5
Wiseman, T.P. (1979), Clio’s Cosmetics, Leicester, Chs 9-12
        Wiseman, T.P. (1985), Catullus and his World: a Reappraisal, Cambridge
Wray, D. (2001), Catullus and the Poetics of Roman Manhood, Cambridge

On houses and villas:

Barton, I.M. (1996), ed., Roman Domestic Buildings, London
Beard, M. (2008), Fires of Vesuvius: Pompeii Lost and Found, Cambridge, Mass., Chs 3 and
4
Boethius, A. (1970, 1978), Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture, Pelican History of Art,
Harmondsworth, 183-95
Cotton, M.A. (1979), The Late Republican Villa at Posto, Francolise, London
         Coulston, J., and Dodge, H. (2000), eds, Ancient Rome: the Archaeology of the
Eternal City, Oxford, Ch. 10 by J.R.Patterson (pp. 259-63)
Hales, S. (2003), The Roman House and Social Identity, Cambridge
Ling, R. (2005), Pompeii: History, Life and Afterlife, Stroud, esp. 141-5
         MacKay, A.G. (1975), Houses, Villas and Palaces, London
Painter, K. (1980), ed., Roman Villas in Italy, London
         Percival, J. (1976), The Roman Villa, London
Potter, T. (1987), Roman Italy, London, Ch. 5
Zanker, P. (1998), Pompeii, Public and Private, Cambridge, Mass.

On portraits:

         Beard, M. and Henderson, J. (2001), Classical Art: From Greece to Rome,
Cambridge, esp. Ch. 4
Brilliant, R. (1974), Roman Art from the Republic to Constantine, London
Gruen, E.S. (1992), Cultural and National Identity in Republican Rome, Ithaca, NY, Chs 3-4
Haward, A. (1999), Art and the Romans, London
Kleiner, D.E.E. (1992), Roman Sculpture, London
Ramage, N.H. and A. (1991), The Cambridge Illustrated History of Roman Art, Cambridge
►Richter, G.M.A. (1955), ‘Verism in Roman portraiture’, JRS 45, 39-46
►          Smith, R.R.R. (1981), ‘Greeks, foreigners and Roman republican portraits’, JRS
71, 24-38
Stewart, P. (2004), Roman Art, Oxford
►Tanner, J. (2000), ‘Portraits, power, and patronage in the late Roman republic’, JRS 90, 18-
50
Walker, S. (1991), Roman Art, London
         Walker, S. (1995), Greek and Roman Portraits, London
Wood, S. (1999), Imperial Women: a Study in Public Images, 40 BC-AD 68, Leiden
        Zanker, P. (1988), The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus, Ann Arbor

Week 8: Power in the late republic

On Italians and Romans:

Brendan Nagle, D. (1973), ‘An allied view of the Social War’, Athenaeum 77, 367-78
Brown, F.E. (1980), Cosa: the Making of a Roman Town, Ann Arbor
►            Brunt, P.A. (1965), ‘Italian aims at the time of the Social War’, JRS 55, 90-109
Keaveney, A. (1987), Rome and the Unification of Italy, London
► Millar, F.G.B. (1986), ‘Politics, persuasion, and the people before the Social War (150-90
BC)’, JRS 76, 1-11
Mouritsen, H. (1998), Italian Unification: a Study in Ancient and Modern Historiography,
London
►            Prag, J.R.W. (2007), ‘Auxilia and gymnasia: a Sicilian model of Roman
imperialism’, JRS 97, 68-100
►            Richardson, J. (1980), ‘The ownership of Roman land: Tiberius Gracchus and the
Italians’, JRS 70, 1-11
► Salmon, E.T. (1962), ‘The cause of the Social War’, Phoenix 16, 107-119
          Salmon, E.T. (1982), The Making of Roman Italy, London

On some powerful Romans and others:

►           Badian, E. (1962), ‘Waiting for Sulla’, JRS 52, 47-61
► Brunt, P.A. (1962), ‘The army and the land in the Roman revolution’, JRS 52, 69-86
► Brunt, P.A. (1986), ‘Cicero’s officium in the Civil War’, JRS 76, 12-28
        Brunt, P.A. (1988), The Fall of the Roman Republic and Related Essays, Oxford
         Crawford, M.H. (1969), ‘Coin hoards and the pattern of violence in the late republic’,
PBSR 37, 76-81
► Crawford, M.H. (1976), ‘Hamlet without the prince: review of Gruen, The Last
Generation’, JRS 66, 214-17
Drummond, A. (1999), ‘Tribunes and tribunician programmes in 63 BC’, Athenaeum 87, 121-
67
► Frederiksen, M.W. (1966), ‘Caesar, Cicero and the problem of debt’, JRS 56, 128-41
Gruen, E.S. (1974), The Last Generation of the Roman Republic, Berkeley
        Lintott, A.W. (1974), ‘Cicero and Milo’, JRS 64, 62-76
        Lintott, A.W. (1994), ‘The crisis of the republic: sources and source-problems’, CAH2
IX, 1-15
Marshall, B.A. (1972), ‘Crassus’ ovation in 71 BC’, Historia 21, 669-73
► Millar, F.G.B. (1973), ‘Triumvirate and principate’, JRS 63, 50-67
Patterson, J. (1993), ‘Military organisation and social change in the later Roman republic’, in
J.W.Rich and G.Shipley (eds), War and Society in the Roman World, London, 92-112
Purcell, N. (1994), ‘The city of Rome and the plebs urbana in the late republic’, CAH2 IX,
644-88
Rawson, E. (1971), ‘The literary sources for the pre-Marian army’, PBSR 39, 13-31
Ridley, R.T. (1981), ‘The extraordinary commands of the late republic: a problem of
definition’, Historia 30, 280-92
Seager, R.J. (1969), ed, The Crisis of the Roman Republic: Studies in Political and Social
History, Cambridge
► Sherwin-White, A.N. (1956), ‘Violence in Roman politics’, JRS 46, 1-9
Shotter, D. (1994), The Fall of the Roman Republic, London and New York
Sumner, G.V. (1978), ‘Sulla’s career in the 90s’, Athenaeum 56, 395-6
Syme, R. (1939), The Roman Revolution, Oxford
► Wiseman, T.P. (1966), ‘The ambitions of Quintus Cicero’, JRS 56, 108-15

Week 9: Conflict and resolution

On Cicero and Roman oratory:

Alexander, M.C. (2002), The Case for the Prosecution in the Ciceronian Era, Ann Arbor
► Berry, D.H. (2003), ‘Equester ordo tuus est: did Cicero win his cases because of his
support for the equites?’, CQ 53, 222-34
         Berry, D.H. (2005), ‘Oratory’, in S.J.Harrison (ed.), A Companion to Latin Literature,
Oxford, 257-69
►           Clarke, M.L. (1945), ‘Ciceronian oratory’, Greece & Rome 14, 72-81
         Clarke, M.L. (1996), rev. D.H.Berry, Rhetoric at Rome: a Historical Survey, ed. 3,
London
Corbeill, A. (1996), Controlling Laughter: Political Humor in the Late Roman Republic,
Princeton
Crook, J.A. (1995), Legal Advocacy in the Roman World, London
         Dominik, W.J., and Hall, J. (2007), eds, A Companion to Roman Rhetoric, Oxford
Dorey, T.A. (1964), ed., Cicero, London
Douglas, A.E. (1979), Cicero, ed. 2, Oxford
Gruen, E.S. (1968), Roman Politics and the Criminal Courts, 149-78 BC, Cambridge, Mass.
Gruen, E.S. (1974), The Last Generation of the Roman Republic, London
         Habicht, C. (1990), Cicero the Politician, Baltimore and London
Jones, A.H.M. (1972), The Criminal Courts of the Roman Republic and Principate, Oxford
         Kennedy, G.A. (1972), The Art of Rhetoric in the Roman World, 300 BC-AD 300,
Princeton
         Lintott, A.W. (2008), Cicero as Evidence: a Historian’s Companion, Oxford
May, J.M. (1988), Trials of Character: the Eloquence of Ciceronian Ethos, Chapel Hill and
London
         May, J.M. (2002), ed., Brill’s Companion to Cicero: Oratory and Rhetoric, Leiden
etc.
         Millar, F.G.B. (1998), The Crowd in Rome in the Late Republic, Ann Arbor
Mitchell, T.N. (1979), Cicero: the Ascending Years, New Haven and London
Mitchell, T.N. (1991), Cicero: the Senior Statesman, New Haven and London
         Morstein-Marx, R. (2004), Mass Oratory and Political Power in the Late Roman
Republic, Cambridge
Porter, S.E. (1997), ed., Handbook of Classical Rhetoric in the Hellenistic Period 330 BC-AD
400, Leiden etc.
         Powell, J.G.F., and Paterson, J.J. (2004), eds, Cicero the Advocate, Oxford
        Rawson, E.D. (1975), Cicero: a Portrait, London
Riggsby, A.M. (1999), Crime and Community in Ciceronian Rome, Austin
Steel, C.E.W. (2001), Cicero, Rhetoric, and Empire, Oxford
Steel, C.E.W. (2005), Reading Cicero: Genre and Performance in Late Republican Rome,
London
        Stockton, D.L. (1971), Cicero: a Political Biography, Oxford
        Usher, S. (2008), Cicero’s Speeches: the Critic in Action, Warminster
Vasaly, A. (1993), Representations: Images of the World in Ciceronian Oratory, Berkeley
etc.

The death of the republic:

        Brunt, P.A. (1988), The Fall of the Roman Republic and Related Essays, Oxford
Gelzer, M. (1968), Caesar: Politician and Statesman, Oxford
        Gruen, E.S. (1974), The Last Generation of the Roman Republic, London
Meier, C. (1995), Caesar, London
►Millar, F.G.B. (1973), ‘Triumvirate and principate’, JRS 63, 50-67
Osgood, J. (2006), Caesar’s Legacy: Civil war and the Emergence of the Roman Empire,
Cambridge
        Syme, R. (1939), The Roman Revolution, Oxford

Week 10: The Augustan revolution

On Augustus:

        Bowman, A.K., Champlin, E., and Lintott, A.W. (1996), eds, The Cambridge Ancient
History, ed. 2, Vol. X, Cambridge
Brunt, P.A., and Moore, J.M. (1967), eds, Res Gestae Divi Augusti, Oxford
Cooley, M. (2003), ed., The Age of Augustus, London
Eck, W. (2003), The Age of Augustus, Oxford
Galinsky, K. (1996), Augustan Culture: an Interpretive Introduction, Princeton
Garnsey, P.D.A., and Saller, R. (1982), The Early Principate: Augustus to Trajan, Oxford
►Millar, F.G.B. (1973), ‘Triumvirate and principate’, JRS 63, 50-67
        Millar, F.G.B., and Segal, E. (1984), eds, Caesar Augustus: Seven Aspects, Oxford,
esp. Chs 1-2
Raaflaub, K.A., and Toher, M. (1990), eds, Between Republic and Empire: Interpretations of
Augustus and his Principate, London, esp. Chs 3-5
Sherk, R.K. (1988), ed., The Roman Empire: Augustus to Hadrian, Cambridge
Shotter, D.C.A. (1991), Augustus Caesar, London
       Suetonius, Augustus in Lives of the Twelve Caesars (many translations including
Loeb, Oxford World’s Classics and Penguin)
Walker, S., and Burnett, A. (1981), The Image of Augustus, London
►Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1982), ‘Civilis princeps: between citizen and king’, JRS 72, 32-48
       Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1983), Augustan Rome, Bristol
Woodman, A.J., and West, D. (1984), Poetry and Politics in the Age of Augustus, Cambridge
Yavetz, Z. (1969), Plebs and Princeps, Oxford
        Zanker, P. (1988), The Power of Images in the Age of Augustus, Ann Arbor

On the Augustan empire:

Bowersock, G.W. (1965), Augustus and the Greek World, Oxford
Braund, D. (1984), Rome and the Friendly King: the Character of Client Kingship, London
Brunt, P.A. (1978), ‘Laus Imperii?’, in P.D.A.Garnsey and C.R.Whittaker (eds), Imperialism
in the Ancient World, Cambridge, 159-91
Gruen, E.S. (1996), ‘The expansion of the empire under Augustus’, CAH2 X, 147-97
Levick, B.M. (1985), The Government of the Roman Empire: a Sourcebook, London
►Mann, J.C. (1979), ‘Power, force and the frontiers of the empire’, JRS 69, 175-83

On gender:

D’Ambra, E. (2007), Roman Women, Cambridge
         Dixon, S. (2001), Reading Roman Women, London
         Fantham, E., et al. (1994), eds, Women in the Classical World, Oxford, Chs 7, 9 and
10
Gardner, J.F. (1986), Women in Roman Law and Society, London and Sydney
         Hallett, J.P., and Skinner, M.B. (1997), eds, Roman Sexualities, Princeton
Pomeroy, S.B. (1975, 1994), Goddesses, Whores, Wives and Slaves: Women in Classical
Antiquity, London, Chs 8-10
Richlin, A. (1997), ‘Gender and rhetoric: producing manhood in the schools’, in W.J.Dominik
(ed.), Roman Eloquence: Rhetoric in Society and Literature, London
Williams, C.A. (1999), Roman Homosexuality: Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical
Antiquity, Oxford

				
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