Overview of Criminology
When investigators are examining and studying crime from a scientific perspective, this is referred to as
criminology. This includes the parallels between crime and different forms of phenomenon such as the
development of particular types of laws. Criminology also works to identify how to address the criminal
behavior of criminals and how to eventually control the criminal element. Drawing on psychological and
sociological research, criminologists are able to look at the different ways in which a criminal’s environment
will affect them. It can also help when it comes to profiling criminals in order to understand them and have
a better chance of catching a criminal that is on the loose. By using criminology, individuals are able to not
only profile a potential perpetrator, but they are also able to take a more intellectual look at how crime is
perpetuated in our world and what steps can be taken in order to limit crime.
There are different schools of thought when it comes to how individuals approach the concept of
criminology. Some of the most popular schools include those that are known as the Classical school, the
Positivist school and the Chicago school. These schools were developed over a period of time, ranging from
the middle of the 19th century and continuing well into the 20th century with the Chicago school of thought.
One of the main factors that differentiate the schools of thought would be how the criminologists view
environment in the life of the criminal. Some believe that the criminals have to take responsibility for their
actions regardless of what is happening in the environment at the time, in line with the Classical movement,
while others believe that criminals may be predisposed to crime, as is proposed by the Positivists. The
Chicago school of thought poses the possibility that criminals are able to learn deviant behaviors from others
and that when social organizations, such as schools and neighborhoods, are not organized they will not be
able to control the criminal element that occurs. By identifying how an individual feels that crime is either
created or continued, it can provide the basis for the school of thought that the individual falls under when it
comes to criminology.
Criminology experts look at crime in a variety of different manners. By defining the distinctions between
the different types of crimes, it is easier to come up with theories as to how and why the crime took place.
One type of crime would be those that go against core values. These seemingly natural laws are ones that
are common among many different cultures, separated by time and space. Natural laws are those that are
considered to be able to protect individuals and their property from abuse by others. Some of the more
controversial laws include statutes which are put into place by legal institutions. The relationship between
state and citizen is explored in these laws, which is what causes the conflict in some instances. As a result
of looking at the different construction foundations behind laws, it is possible to understand the many
different ways in which crimes are categorized. Organized crime, state crime, blue or white collar crimes
and organized crime are some of the most popular types of crime that exist.
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