Prof Vinesh Raja - University of Warwick by linxiaoqin


									ESRC-EPSRC Funded PhD Studentship

School of Health and Social Studies and School of Engineering – Warwick
Manufacturing Group

REQUIREMENTS                                             ESSENTIAL (E)    MEASURED BY:
                                                         or               a) Application
                                                         DESIRABLE (D)    Form
                                                         REQUIREMENTS     b) Test/Exercise
                                                                          c) Interview
                                                                          d) Presentation

First or upper second class honours degree, or           E                a) & c)
MA/MSc, or equivalent in a relevant discipline –
engineering, computer science
Some experience of virtual reality settings              D                a) & c)

Excellent written and oral communication skills          E                a) & c)

Excellent analytical skills                              E                a) & c)

The ability to work as part of a team and                E                a) & c)
The ability to deal sensitively and appropriately with   E                a) & c)
individuals and personal data
Proficiency in the use of standard Microsoft Office      E                a) & c)
Experience of working in a health setting and of         D                a) & c)
social science
Commitment to studying for a PhD full time               E                a) & c)
                             FURTHER PARTICULARS

The University

The University of Warwick is arguably the most successful of UK universities founded
within the past half-century, and has earned an outstanding reputation both for
research and teaching. Warwick is comfortably ranked within the top ten of all UK
university newspaper rankings including 6th in the most recent Sunday Times Good
University Guide.

Founded in 1965 Warwick has been a unique and uniquely successful British
university combining a “can-do” entrepreneurial spirit with a commitment to absolute
academic excellence. Professor Nigel Thrift, Warwick‟s 5th Vice-Chancellor, was
appointed in 2006 to transform the University from a leading university within the UK
to become one of the world‟s top 50 universities by 2015. A new university strategy
has been launched as a result of extensive consultation with staff, students and
Warwick‟s many external stakeholders, and is making good progress.

Warwick employs over 5,000 members of staff, of whom 2,400 are academic and
research staff spread across 28 academic departments and 30 research centres;
91% of the academic staff are in departments with research ratings of 5 or 5*. Of the
24 departments assessed under the subject review process, 22 were rated excellent
(or scored 21 or more out of 24) for teaching quality.

The University of Warwick has a total student population of 17,000 (full-time
equivalent) of whom approximately 11,000 are undergraduates and 7,000 are
postgraduates. Nearly one-quarter of Warwick‟s students are international, helping to
create a vibrant and cosmopolitan campus environment which is valued and
celebrated by the University.

The University‟s campus, located on a 400-acre site spanning the south west
boundary of Coventry and the county of Warwick, has an open and pleasant outlook
and was voted “Best University Campus” in a national student poll published by the
Times Higher Education Supplement in 2006. The campus offers excellent sporting
facilities, including a swimming pool, a newly refurbished gym, a climbing wall, an all
weather running track and acres of football and rugby pitches. An indoor tennis
centre has recently been opened. The renowned Warwick Arts Centre is the largest
outside London with the Mead Gallery showing visiting collections of contemporary
art, a concert hall, two theatres and a cinema.

The University of Warwick is ideally placed for easy access to London (just over one
hour on the train), close to the picturesque towns of Warwick, Kenilworth and
Leamington Spa and about 45 minutes from the centre of Birmingham. The
University is in the heart of Shakespeare‟s Warwickshire with historic Stratford-upon-
Avon, the Royal Shakespeare Company and the Cotswolds all within easy reach.

The University of Warwick has a turnover approaching £350 million. The University
continues to invest heavily in its campus infrastructure and environment and its future
capital plan includes: a new student union building; a 500 bed student residency; new
hotel accommodation for visiting academics; a refurbishment of the Library; a further
extension to the Warwick Business School; and a state of the art Warwick Digital
Laboratory, the foundation stone for which was laid by Prime Minister Gordon Brown
in May 2007. Capital investment in the next year alone will total £35 million.

Further details about the University of Warwick can be found at

The Managerial and Administrative Structure of the University

The University‟s administrative and managerial structure is headed by the Vice-
Chancellor, supported by the Deputy Vice-Chancellor, the Registrar, the Deputy
Registrar and the Finance Director. However, as with all such structures, the informal
lines of decision making and the sharing of responsibility for planning and strategy
flatten the hierarchy. Institutional level decisions are initially made by a group
comprising academics and administrators who form the Senate Steering Committee
which operates much along the lines of a weekly cabinet for the University.

The Registrar, Mr Jon Baldwin, is responsible for the administration of the University
and is supported in this task by a team of Senior Officers, each of whom is
responsible for a key area and associated offices of University administration: the
Academic Registrar, the Estates Director, the Director of Human Resources and
Commercial Activities, the Director of Campus Affairs, the Director of IT Services, the
Director of Communication and Strategy, the Director of the International Office, the
Director of Research Support Services and the University Librarian. A number of
office heads and directors report in turn to these Senior Officers. To ensure overall
co-ordination between and across the University‟s administration, all administrative
posts within academic departments have a “dotted line” reporting to the University
Registrar as well as the Department in which they are based.

ESRC - EPSRC Collaborative Studentship


Computer Aided Rehabilitation Environment (CARE) and
Innovative Tele-Rehabilitation Service Model

Host Departments:

Warwick Manufacturing Group, Department of Engineering, University of Warwick
School of Health and Social Studies and Warwick Medical School, University of


Prof. Vinesh Raja, Professorial Fellow-Informatics, WMG, Department of Engineering

Prof. Gillian Hundt, Professor of Social Sciences in Health, Co Director of Institute of
Health, School of Health and Social Studies

Area of interest for EPSRC-ESRC:

Acceptability and user experience of technology and Innovation.

This collaborative studentship aims to research and develop a new rehabilitation
environment; Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment (CARE); its acceptance
within rehabilitation community; and the development of innovative rehabilitation
service model. CARE will be designed targeting the patients with impairments of
limbs (upper & lower) caused as a result of stroke, fall (dementia), injuries (accident),
etc. Limb impairments are the most common and crucial for daily life. Existing
rehabilitation services have shown that with the right level of rehabilitation it is
possible to regain control of the limbs, leading to improved quality of life &
independence. The proposed research is not to replace the hospital based
rehabilitation treatment, but to complement by providing additional extended
rehabilitation services post discharge, with specific focus on scenarios in which
patients, at their own homes, interact with computer-based serious games using
rehabilitation 3D interaction devices to perform rehabilitation exercises. This will help
clinicians to refine treatment programs and remotely develop rehabilitation strategy
for individual patients.

Professor Raja is developing a Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment using
virtual realities based technologies; and researching the affects on the quality,
recovery time and the overall efficiency of computer-assisted rehabilitation as
compared to the traditional approach. Currently at conceptual stage, this has the
potential for development of a rehabilitation tool for health professionals and
rehabilitation patients at home.

Professor Hundt is an applied medical anthropologist and her research programme
on Local Voices and Acton on Global Health Issues deals with the community
perceptions of health and illness. Her work addresses global issues of power,
discrimination and inequity in different local contexts. Currently, she is conducting
research in England, South Africa and the Middle East on user experiences of visual
impairment, stroke and end of life care. She has been funded within the ESRC
Innovative Health Technologies Programme to research ideas of risk, and the social
and organisational impact of innovative prenatal genetic screening and was
subsequently funded by the Wellcome Trust to develop a theatre performance
utilising the findings of this study with an interdisciplinary panel discussion as part of
their Public Engagement with Science Programme. She is a Professor of Social
Sciences in Health and has joint membership of both the School of Health and Social
Studies and Warwick Medical School where she leads the social science curriculum.

Aims of studentship:

   -   To undertake development of the Computer Aided Rehabilitation Environment
       (CARE) and a tele-rehabilitation service;
   -   To understand the acceptability and user experience of the CARE by
       individual rehabilitation patients, care providers and the wider social impact of
       such a technology on the understanding of rehabilitation and self care;
   -   To propose an innovative tele-rehabilitation service model; which is efficient,
       easy to implement and affordable by patients.

Outline of methods:

Development of the Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environment (CARE)
The approach to be undertaken for implementing CARE follows an iterative and
incremental model, which integrates basic research in the innovative field of
engineering (mechatronics and haptics), software (serious games) with a structured
software engineering approach to perform the technological development of CARE,
considering the needs and characteristics of the end users during the whole duration
of the project; acceptability & user acceptance of the technologies; and Innovation
management. For planning, a Simultaneous Engineering approach has been used to
add as much parallelism as possible to the activities planned. The proposed research
could be divided into three phases:

Phase A – Definition
The definition phase marks the beginning of the research. There are three
fundamental criteria, which are of importance to the overall success of the research,
to be addressed in the definition phase:
     user, stakeholder and market acceptance,
     availability of technologies (hardware, software, infrastructures etc.) and
     deployability of the system components.
A user-centred approach and iterative development process will be implemented and
validated during all phases of the system development, taking into consideration the
viewpoint of patients (users), healthcare professionals (providers), stakeholders,
authorities and industry. Validation will show the success in terms of user

Phase B – Research and development
The research and development phase takes off from the user and market
requirements specifications and comprise a range of integrated, multidisciplinary
research and technology tasks:
    Identifying technical requirements of components from user requirements
       specifications is the first important task. Also basic requirements for
       technologies and tools needed to implement the CARE method should be
       identified and “Best Available Technology” (BAT) should be considered.
    Identifying existing technologies available from commercial off-the shelf
       vendors and from other EU, international and/or national research projects.
    Identifying gaps and specifying research needs involves a comparison of
       needed and available technologies leading to a set of specifications for new
       research and development demands as well as a catalogue of Best Available
       Technologies for the CARE.
    Designing a prototype platform involves performing conceptual design of
       the quality control station and the environment it will be working in.
    Designing an integrated environment that can provide the framework (core
       components, tools and interfaces) for the scientific and commercial
       exploitation of the CARE system. It involves extensive market analysis,
       technology assessment and evaluation.

Phase C – Prototyping and system integration
With the successful completion of all tasks in the research and development phase,
the project has reached the stage, where realization of the CARE applications in a
user environment is possible, with the following activities:
     Prototype development
     System development, integration and testing

Acceptability, user experience and social impact of the developed system:

Sensitisation of the student to sociological issues early in the studentship will be
through guided exposure to relevant social science literature and a limited secondary
analysis of the qualitative dataset. Primary data collection is likely to include
observation and interviews. This would be developed in co-ordination with
development of the CARE so the technology development and assessment of its
impact are undertaken together.
CARE Validation
Important phase of the research will be validation of the prototype CARE platform;
Validation of the usefulness, acceptance and efficacy of the system by testing it in
real rehabilitative environments with real end-users and involved professionals.

Propose Innovative service model:

The aim of this task is the commercial exploitation of the project results; in the form of
developing an innovative tele-rehabilitation service model. The principal result of the
proposed research is an innovative rehabilitation environment for patients with upper
and lower limb impairments. It should cover all necessary studies for successful
deployment and operation, including entire information essential to evaluate the
economics of the proposed rehabilitation system, its benefits and the associated
risks. The final Exploitation Plan will take into the results deducted during the
validation. The activities of the exploitation would include:
     Promote the introduction and application of the CARE system. The university,
        research will support the promotion through their national and international
        networks and by demonstrating the capabilities of the CARE to healthcare
        providers and industry.
     Needs and competencies assessments of interested end-user groups.

Supervision plan:

The host departments will be the WMG, Department of Engineering and School of
Health and Social Studies, Warwick Medical School.

At the start of the studentship the supervisors will meet to plan the supervision
process and explore any issues related to the cross faculty nature of the studentship
including co-ordination between the host departments of studentship reviews and
upgrade. The student would be affiliated to the WMG, Department of Engineering.

Each term the two supervisors and student will meet to review the interdisciplinary
learning as well as project progress. The research training needs of the student
would be identified and ESRC recognised research-training courses would be
undertaken. The School of Health and Social Studies has ESRC recognition for
research training and the student would be trained in qualitative and quantitative
social science research methods through these approved courses.
At least 70% of supervisions will be undertaken by the supervisors jointly, enabling
the development of understanding across disciplines for supervisors and student and
the co-ordination of the technological developments with the assessments of impact.

Professor Hundt, through her colleagues in Warwick Medical School will be able to
allocate appropriate resources for the clinical aspects of the project and enable
collaborations with rehabilitation specialists as needed. She would supervise the
component of the student‟s work relating to the social acceptability of the device.

Studentship recruitment:

The studentship will be advertised to potential students with a background of
engineering, social sciences or related disciplines such as computer sciences. The
student will be required to demonstrate sufficient experience with virtual reality and
computer science/engineering for developing the technical aspects of the CARE. A
student with some exposure to social science is preferred. An appreciation of the
potential social implications of the technology demonstrated at interview is

Intellectual property:

The University could benefit from commercial exploitation of the developed IPR.


Fernandes K, Raja V, Eyre J. “Cybersphere – A Fully Immersive System”,
       Communications of ACM, Vol. 46 No. 09, Pg 141-146, 2003a, ISSN 0001-
Fernandes K, Raja V, Eyre J, “Immersive Learning Systems for Manufacturing
       Industries”, Computers in Industry, Vol. 51, Pg 31-40, 2003b, ISSN 0166-
       3615, Elsevier
V. Raja, K. Fernandes & J. Eyre, "Spherical Immersive Synthetic Environment using
       the Cybersphere", 4th International Synthetic Environment Symposium, The
       Royal College of Science, Shrivenham, Swindon, (Oct 2001).
B. Shulgin, J. Ye & V. Raja, "Multi-Projector Image Distortion Correction Scheme for
       Curved Screens on the Example of the Cybersphere", IS&T/ SPIE 18th
       Annual Symposium Electronic Imaging Science and Technology, California,
       USA, (Jan 2006a).
J. Ye, B. Shulgin & V. Raja, "Virtual Reality in Construction Industry: A Requirement
       Compatibility Analysis Approach", IS&T/ SPIE 18th Annual Symposium
       Electronic Imaging Science and Technology, California, USA, (Jan 2006b).

Warwick Manufacturing Group (WMG)

The Mission of WMG is to improve competitiveness through the application of
innovation, new technologies and skills deployment, bringing academic rigor
                  to industrial and organisational practice.

WMG's expertise includes:

      technological research related to product and process improvement and
       related design and IT implementation;
      CAD, CAM, CIM, PDM, IT and communications tools for integration across
       supply chains, rapid prototyping and tooling, polymer processing and robotics
       and automation;
      research in operational areas including logistics, manufacturing strategy,
       supply chain management, e-business, benchmarking and business process
       improvement; and
      digital manufacturing, mass customisation, digital healthcare and e-security.

WMG was established by Professor Lord Kumar Bhattacharyya in 1980 in order to
reinvigorate UK manufacturing through the application of cutting edge research and
effective knowledge transfer. The group started small - just an office, the Professor
and his secretary - but has since grown into a global force to be reckoned with,
delving outside its manufacturing core into new sectors: health, banking, the built
environment and digital technology to name a few.

We now employ over 200 full time staff with a further 150 associates who fill three
buildings at the University of Warwick dedicated to developing innovative research
projects and sharing our knowledge with a wide range of businesses and individuals
through collaboration, knowledge transfer schemes, PhD supervision, postgraduate
study and bespoke executive training. We are currently building a fourth centre - the
Warwick Digital Lab, which will house a wide range of digitally-based research
projects alongside delivery of related courses and services to local small businesses.

Our research is publicly and privately funded and always involves industry closely
in conception, development and delivery. Our research teams are comprised of staff
from both academic and industrial backgrounds with a wide range of specialities
including engineers, physical scientists, materials scientists, mathematicians,
designers, IT specialists, social scientists, economists and knowledge transfer

WMG is a truly international organisation: we run teaching and research centres in
Hong Kong, South Africa, India, China, Malaysia and Thailand and provide expert
advice to many overseas governments and companies. Our people have strong links
overseas with valuable understanding of local markets and industries.

Prof Vinesh Raja

The relationship between humans and technology is one of the key areas being
investigated by Professor Vinesh Raja.The Information Technology Group, headed
up by Prof Raja, aims to make Warwick a world-leader in the field of informatics, or
the science of information processing.With every industry now coping with vast
amounts of data from a huge range of sources, the challenge lies in helping people
find ways of interpreting and using it efficiently.Engineering, manufacturing, and,
increasingly, healthcare, are the main areas to benefit from the research, which
encompasses a wide variety of processes including computer modelling, reverse
engineering, e-business and virtual reality.

Research in the School of Health & Social Studies
Rated 5 in the last RAE, the School has capitalised on its multi-disciplinary and multi-
professional base to construct a distinctive research profile. Our academic staff
research interests are linked to one of the research centres within the School:-
      The Centre for the Study of Safety and Well Being (SWELL) carries out a
       programme of research in the areas of child protection and gendered
      The Managerialism and Modernization in Social Work Group critiques the
       modernization agenda in social work, both through the New Labour project
       and internationally, in particular the impact of managerialism on professional
       staff and service users.

      The Institute of Health (IOH) has informal research groups led by staff e.g.
       Health Inequalities in Social Work (McLeod), Disability and Human Rights
       (Read) and UNTRAP, a user and carer partnership in research and teaching
       with 100+ members (Lewando Hundt).

      The Centre for Research in Ethnic Relations (CRER) studies refugees,
       migrants and asylum seekers, particularly focusing on Muslims as citizens,
       asylum seekers and refugees in Europe.
      The RCN Research Unit researches patient experience, patient-reported
       health outcomes, and the implementation of evidence-based practice.
The School also hosts a regional branch of Making Research Count, working on
knowledge transfer for policy and practice.

The Institute of Health
The Institute, founded in 2001, is based within the School of Health and Social
Studies in the Faculty of Social Studies. It is independent but connected to the
Warwick Medical School.

It aims to:
     Promote, support and develop social science research in health and social care.
     Nurture multidisciplinary research across the University and in partnership with
external partner

Our strategy is to identify cross cutting research themes so that people can:
     network within the University in a way that is distinct from their work settings in
departments and research centres
    act as a bridge between NHS Trusts, Medical School and the Faculty of Social
Studies as well as elsewhere in the University

Professor Gillian Lewando Hundt is the Professor of Social Sciences in Health,
Research Director of the School of Health and Social Studies and Co Director of the
Institute of Health. She conducts research is in the area of gender, ethnicity and
promoting equity in health. It ranges from the practical such as setting up new service
models like mobile provision for The Bedouin home hospice care, postnatal care at
clinics for infants to the theoretical such as ideas of risk, the social construction of
statistics, and the social impact of innovative medical technologies. My research
programme is Local Voices and Action on Global Health Issues and focuses on
community perceptions of health. My work addresses global issues of power,
discrimination and inequity in different local contexts. Currently, I am conducting
research in England, South Africa and the Middle East. My areas of interest within
these broad themes are lay views of health and illness, the links between policy and
practice, health inequalities in relation to gender, ethnicity, disability and social
exclusion, and user involvement. Our ethos is deliberately inclusive, informal and

PhD Students in the School of Health & Social Studies
Research students are valued members of the department and are diverse in their
modes of study – part-time, full-time and CASE - their home, EU and overseas
origins, their age, nationalities, religions, cultures and ethnicities. There is a lively,
supportive research ethos that is attentive to building capacity and acquiring
transferable skills. All students attend professional development workshops within the
University-wide Graduate School. Within the department, PhD students are jointly
supervised and attend, in addition to ESRC-recognised training, a developmental
support group with a focus on presenting and writing and a twice-termly PHD-led
seminar in which two students present each time. All PhD students learn how to
prepare posters using appropriate software and these are exhibited internally and
also at conferences.

Please refer to the School of Health & Social Studies website
( for further information about the School,
including staff research interests, the research centres in the School, and studying for
a PhD in the School.
Recruitment of Ex-Offenders Policy
(Developed in line with the CRB Disclosure information pack, part DIP011)

This Policy applies to all staff recruitment at the University of Warwick.

As an organisation using the Criminal Records Bureau (CRB) Disclosure service to assess
applicants‟ suitability for positions of trust, the University of Warwick complies fully with the
CRB Code of Practice and undertakes to treat all applicants for positions fairly. It undertakes
not to discriminate unfairly against any subject of a Disclosure on the basis of a conviction or
other information revealed.

The University of Warwick is committed to the fair treatment of its staff, potential staff or users
of its services, regardless of race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, responsibilities for
dependants, age, physical/mental disability or offending background.

Our written policy on the recruitment of ex-offenders is made available to all applicants at the
outset of the recruitment process.

We actively promote equality of opportunity for all with the right mix of talent, skills and
potential and welcome applications from a wide range of candidates, including those with
criminal records. We select all candidates for interview based on their skills, qualifications
and experience.

A Disclosure is only requested after a thorough risk assessment has indicated that one is both
proportionate and relevant to the position concerned. For those positions where a Disclosure
is required, all application forms, job adverts and recruitment briefs will contain a statement
that a Disclosure will be requested in the event of the individual being offered the position.

Where a Disclosure is to form part of the recruitment process, we encourage all applicants
called for interview to provide details of their criminal record at an early stage in the
application process. We request that this information is sent under separate, confidential
cover, to a designated person within the University of Warwick and we guarantee that this
information will only be seen by those who need to see it as part of the recruitment process.

Unless the nature of the position allows the University of Warwick to ask questions about the
applicants entire criminal record, we only ask about „unspent‟ convictions as defined in the
Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974.

We ensure that all appropriate staff in Personnel Services at the University of Warwick who
are involved in the recruitment process have been suitably trained to identify and assess the
relevance and circumstances of offences. We also ensure that they have received
appropriate guidance in the relevant legislation relating to the employment of ex-offenders,
e.g. the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974. Line managers are advised who to approach
for support on these issues.

At interview, or in a separate discussion, we ensure that an open and measured discussion
takes place on the subject of any offences or other matter that might be relevant to the
position. Failure on the part of the applicant to reveal information that is directly relevant to
the position sought could lead to withdrawal of an offer of employment.

We make every subject of a CRB Disclosure aware of the existence of the CRB Code of
Practice and make a copy available on request.

We undertake to discuss any matter revealed in a Disclosure with the person seeking the
position before withdrawing a conditional offer of employment.

We do not accept Disclosures transferred from other organisations and do not supply
Disclosures requested by us to any external organisations.

To top