1 6. Ayurvedic alcoholic beverages Sugar based beverages Sarkara Gouda/ Gauda Sidhu Fruit based beverages Mardvika/Kapisa Kharjura Jambava Cereal based beverages Sura/kantoli/ kohali/ Yava Sura Kohalah and Tusambu Beverages prepared from cereals and/ or fruits with herbals Vibhitaka sura Varuni Madhuka mady Aksika (aksiki) Maireyah (triyoni) Sukta (vinegar) Dhanyamla (dhanyasukta) Sauvira and Sauviraka Aranala Tusodaka Kanjika Sandaki Cukra and Asuta Madhusukta, Gaudani (gudasukta), rasasuktani Tonic wines 2 Sugar based Alcoholic beverages in Ayurveda Name of the Ingredients Properties Reference(s) beverages Sarkara Sugar It is sweet smelling, sweet in taste and easily digestable. It is a cardiac Dash and Kashyap, tonic and digestive stimulant. It cleans the urinary bladder and alleviates 1980, vata. It is sweet in transformed state of ingested substances after digestion Srikanthamurthy, (vipaka), appetizer and stimulant of senses (indrya bodhana). 1994; Valiathan, 2003; Sekar, 2007. Gouda Molasses It causes elimination of urine, faeces and flatus and increases hunger. It is Dash and Kashyap, refreshing, pungent, bitter and sweet in taste and nourishing. 1980; Valiathan, 2003; Sekar, 2007. Gauda Woodfordia It promotes the power of digestion, complexion and strength. It eases Valiathan, 2003; fruiticosa (L.) passage of flatus and faeces and improves appetite. Sekar, 2007. Kurz.](Dhataki) and jaggery Sita rasa or Unboiled sugarcane It improves digestion, voice and complexion, combat swelling, abdominal Dash and Kashyap, Sita rasika juice disorder, piles and useful for slimming. 1980, (Sidhu) Srikanthamurthy, 1998; Valiathan, 2003, Sharma, 2004; Sekar, 2007. Pakvarasa Boiled sugar cane It is better than sita rasa. It aggravates vata and pitta and diseases of Dash and Kashyap, sidhu (Sidhu) juice kapha, obesity, an excessive accumulation of fluid in any of the tissues or 1980, 2002; cavities of the body (dropsy), enlargement of abdomen and haemorrhoids Srikanthamurthy, (piles with painful swelling at the anus). It also promotes good voice, 1994, 1998; Sharma, digestive power, strength and complexion. It is a cardiac tonic, unctuous 2004; Sekar, 2007. and an appetizer. It cures constipation (vivandha), adiposity (medas), oedema ( sopha), piles (arsas), asthma (svasa), obstinate abdominal diseases including ascites (udara) and diseases caused by kapha relishing wholesome of kaphaja piles(a type of piles with increase in kapha). Sasyaka Flowers of -- Sharma, 2004; Sekar, (Sidhu) Woodfordia 2007. Contd… 3 Name of the Ingredients Properties Reference(s) beverages fruiticosa (L.) Kurz, ghee and jaggery Aksikah–sidhu Decoction of It alleviates anaemia and pitta, astringent, sweet and purifies blood. Sharma, 2004; Sekar, (Sidhu) Terminalia bellirica 2007. (Gaertn.) Roxb. (bibhitaka), jaggery and Woodfordia fruiticosa (L.) Kurz.] (Dhataki) flowers. Glycyrrhiza glabra It is burning, appetizer, astringent, pacifies kapha while aggravates vata Sharma, 2004; Sekar, L. (Madhuka) and pitta. 2007. flower Sidhu Syzygium cumini It is anti diuretic, astringent and vata aggravating. Sharma, 2004; Sekar, (L.) Skeel (jambu) 2007. fruit 4 Fruit based Alcoholic beverages in Ayurveda Name of the Ingredients Properties Reference(s) beverages Mardvika/Kapisa Dry grapes It is the best among the alcoholic drinks. It is unctuous, sweet, laxative, Dash and Kashyap, appetizer, carminative (drug curing flatulence), cardiac tonic and 1980, 2002; nourishing. It promotes strength and semen. It causes acidity in stomach Srikanthamurthy, (amlapitta) and aggravation of vata. It does not cause burning sensation 1994; Sharma, 2004; and it alleviates kapha. It cures anaemia (pandu), consumption or Sekar, 2007. pulmonary tuberculosis (ksaya), obstinate urinary disorders including diabetes (meha), piles (arsas) and typhoid (visama jvara), hemorrhoids and intestinal parasites. Wine prepared from grapes is not contraindicated even in intrinsic hemorrhage because of its non-burning property and sweet taste. Kharjura Date fruits It aggravates vata, heavy and hard for digestion. It is a cardiac tonic, Dash and Kashyap, astringent, sweet and fragrant. It activates the senses (indriya bodhana). 1980, Srikanthamurthy, 1994; 2002, Sharma, 2004; Sekar, 2007. Jambava Juice of Syzygium This helps in the prevention of excretion (baddha nisyanda). Dash and Kashyap, cumini (L.) Skeel 1980, 2002; Sekar, (jambu), jaggery 2007. and honey 5 Cereal based Alcoholic beverages in Ayurveda Name of the Ingredients Properties Reference(s) beverages Sura A mixture of flour of It cures abdominal lump, enlargement of abdomen, Dash and Kashyap, rice and jaggery haemorrhoids, duodenal diseases and consumption (pulmonary 1980, tuberculosis). It is hard to digest, causes constipation, mitigates Srikanthamurthy, vata and causes increase of fat, blood, milk, urine and kapha. 1994, 1998; Sura is useful for treating emaciation, gaseous abdominal Valiathan, 2003; swelling, urinary obstruction, insufficient lactation and piles. It Sekar, 2007. bestows strength, nourishment of breast milk and relieves dropsy and dysuria (difficulty and pain in urination). Kantoli or Kohali Barley (Yava) paste and -- Dash and Kashyap, Phaseolus munga L. 2002; Sekar, 2007. (masa) Yava Sura Barley It causes constipation and not easily digestable. It is pitta Srikanthamurthy, increasing slightly induces kapha and aggravates vata. 1994; Valiathan, 2003; Sharma, 2004; Sekar, 2007. Kohalah Parched barley flour It vitiates three doshas and acts as non-aphrodisiac. Sharma, 2004; Sekar, 2007. Tusambu Uncooked and dehusked It is an appetizer, alleviates heart diseases, anaemia (panduroga) Dash and barley and worms. Kashyap2002; Sharma, 2004; Sekar, 2007. 6 Beverages prepared from cereals and/ or fruits with herbals in Ayurveda Name of the Ingredients Properties Reference(s) beverages Vibhitaka sura Terminalia bellirica Easily digestible, good for health, treats wounds, anaemia, leprosy and Srikanthamurthy, (Gaertn.) Roxb. other skin diseases. 1994; Sekar, 2007. (vibhitaka) Varuni Boerhaavia diffusa L. It is easily digestible, mitigates rhinitis and pain. it is light and cures Dash and Kashyap, (Punarnava) paste, rice sinusitis (pinasa), flatulence (adhmana) and colic pain (sula). 1980; and also prepared Srikanthamurthy, using Borassus 1998; Sekar, 2007. flabellifer L. (tala) and dates (kharjura) juice. Madhuka madya Flowers of It aggravates vata and pitta. Dash and Kashyap, Glycyrrhiza glabra L. 1980; Sekar, 2007. (madhuka ). Aksika (aksiki) Bark of Terminalia It is a promoter of strength, constipative, astringent, sweet and cooling. Dash and Kashyap, arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) It alleviates pitta and promotes blood formation. Aksiki improves 1980, 2002; Wight & Arn. (aksa) appetite; good for treating anaemia and worms. Valiathan, 2003; and rice grains Sekar, 2007. Maireyah (triyoni) Made by the It is sweet, astringent and alleviates piles, kapha, gulma (gastritis), Dash and Kashyap, refermentation of a worms, fat and vata. 2002; Sharma, mix of sura and asava 2004; Sekar, 2007. Sukta (vinegar) Rhizomes, roots and It produces raktapitta (a disease characterized by bleeding from Dash and Kashyap, fruits along with fat different parts of the body) and chedana (which takes away tissues like 1980; and salt in water cutting). It cures anaemia (pandu) and parasitic infection (krmi). It is Srikanthamurthy, purgative, helps in the digestion of food, hot, diuretic, cardiac tonic, 1998; Sharma, alleviator of kapha and pungent in vipaka. It is a good appetizer. Sukta 2004; Sekar, 2007. causes intrinsic haemorrhage, digests foods and ama (indigestion), produces hoarseness of voice, alleviates kaphaja pandu (a type of anaemia with increase in kapha) and worms. Dhanyamla Rice, Paspalum It is purgative, penetrating, hot in potency, aggravates pitta, cold to Dash and Kashyap, Contd… 7 Name of the Ingredients Properties Reference(s) beverages (dhanyasukta) scrobiculatum L. touch, relieves fatigue and exhaustion, increases appetite and hunger, 1980, (Kodrava) and some cure pain of urinary bladder, ideal for use as asthapana (decoction of Srikanthamurthy, pulses enema) for all patients, good to the heart, easily digestable, mitigates 1994, 1998; Sekar, vata and kapha. It is useful in anorexia and diseases caused by vata. It is 2007. satmya (whole some) for persons residing on the sea coast. Dhanyamla is satiating and best suited in loss of taste. Sauvira De-husked barley It cures duodenal diseases, diseases of kapha origin, purgative, kindles Dash and Kashyap, either raw or cooked digestive fire, beneficial in upward movement of gas and body aches. It 1980; and water cures irritable bowel syndrome (grahani) and piles (arsas). It is Srikanthamurthy, digestive and useful in flatulence (udavarta), malaise (angamarda), pain 1998; Sharma, in bones (asthi sula) and flatulence (anaha). 2004; Sekar, 2007. Sauviraka or Wheat -- Dash and Kashyap, suviramla 2002; Sekar, 2007. Aranala Either raw or cooked It shares all the properties of sauvira. Dash and Kashyap, Triticum dicoccum 1980; Schubl.) Srikanthamurthy, 1998; Sekar, 2007. Tusodaka Barley flour along It is a digestive stimulant and a cardiac tonic. It cures anaemia (pandu) Dash and Kashyap, with its husks and parasitic infection (krmi). It is hot and carminative. It vitiates pitta, 1980, blood and cures pain in the urinary bladder. Srikanthamurthy, 1998; Sekar, 2007. Rhizomes, roots, It is purgative, hot, appetizer and carminative. When applied externally, Dash and Kashyap, fruits, kulmasa (half it cures burning syndrome (daha) and fever. When taken internally, it 2002; Sekar, 2007. baked wheat) and alleviates vayu and kapha. Scum of gruel of cereals and other grains, dhanya manda kept undisturbed for some days and allowed to ferment become sour. It (fermented cereals) is bitter in taste, penetrating, hot in potency, helps taste, digestive, easily Kanjika and also prepared digestible, mitigates fever with burning sensation by touch (anointing) from rice and millet and mitigates vata and kapha by drinking. Fried balls of flour It is superior. It is easily digestible, relieves colic (severe pain in the Dash and Kashyap, (Vataka) of black abdomen), indigestion, constipation, accumulation of undigested 1980; gram (masa) materials and cleanses the urinary bladder. Persons suffering from Srikanthamurthy, Contd… 8 Name of the Ingredients Properties Reference(s) beverages fainting, giddiness, intoxication, itching, leprosy (and other skin 1998; 2002; Sekar, diseases), bleeding diseases, anaemia, tuberculosis, emaciation, injury 2007. to lungs, exhaustion and mild fever are not suitable to drink kanjika, which shall lead to the aggravation of dosas in them. Kanjika mixed with It is carminative and digestive stimulant. It alleviates rheumatism Dash and Kashyap, Zingiber officinale (amavata). 1980; Sekar, 2007. Rosc. (ardraka )and salt Cereals It is a vitalizer, removes burning sensation by external application while Sharma, 2004; intake pacifies vata, kapha and thirst. It expels mucus and by gargle Sekar, 2007. alleviates abnormal taste, foul smell, dirt and dryness of mouth and also exhaustion. Leaves of Raphanus Purgative in action. Dash and Kashyap, sativus L. (mulaka), 1980, mustard (rajika), Srikanthamurthy, leaves of radish 1998; Sekar, 2007. (mulaka dala) and Sandaki dough of rice flour (salipistaka) and water Fried balls of flour It is superior in quality. It alleviates vata. It is light, appetizer and Dash and Kashyap, (Vataka) of Vigna carminative par excellence. It cures colic pain (sula), indigestion 1980, mungo (L.) (mudga) (ajirna) and constipation (vibandha). It cleanses the urinary bladder. Srikanthamurthy, Sandaki helps taste, hard for digestion and increases pitta and kapha. 1998; Sekar, 2007. 1 part jaggery, 2 parts -- Dash and Kashyap, honey, 4 parts 2002; Sekar, 2007. dhanyamla, 8 parts lower portion of butter Cukra milk (mastu) and 16 parts water, a small quantity of the powder of trikatu (Zingiber Contd… 9 Name of the Ingredients Properties Reference(s) beverages officinale Roxb., Piper nigrum L. and P. longum L.) Sugarcane juice, -- Dash and Kashyap, madhuka flowers and 2002; Sekar, 2007. Coffea arabica L. (pilu). Asuta Tubers/rhizome and This helps taste, digestive, mitigates vata and especially light for Srikanthamurthy, fruits digestion. 1998; Sekar, 2007. Madhusukta Fruit juice of Citrus -- Sharma, 2004; limon (L.) Burm.f. Sekar, 2007. (jambira) mixed with Piper longum L. (pippalimula). Gaudani Jaggery, water, vasa -- Sharma, 2004; (gudasukta) (muscle fat) and oil Sekar, 2007. Rasasuktani Sugarcane juice -- Sharma, 2004; Sekar, 2007. Tonic wines Medicinal herbs in -- Dhiman, 2004; wine Sekar, 2007.
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