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Symbols and Names of some common Polyatomic Ions and One Molecule

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Symbols and Names of some common Polyatomic Ions and One Molecule Powered By Docstoc
					Symbols and Names of some common          Symbols and Names of some common
 Polyatomic Ions and One Molecule          Polyatomic Ions and One Molecule
                Charge = 1-                               Charge = 1-
            -                                         -
H2PO4              dihydrogen phosphate   H2PO4              dihydrogen phosphate
C2H3O2-                  acetate          C2H3O2-                  acetate
 HSO3-               hydrogen sulfite      HSO3-               hydrogen sulfite
 HSO4-               hydrogen sulfate      HSO4-               hydrogen sulfate
 HCO3-             hydrogen carbonate      HCO3-             hydrogen carbonate
 NO2-                     nitrite          NO2-                     nitrite
 NO3-                    nitrate           NO3-                    nitrate
  CN-                    cyanide            CN-                    cyanide
 CNO-                    cyanate           CNO-                    cyanate
  OH-                   hydroxide           OH-                   hydroxide
 MnO4-                permanganate         MnO4-                permanganate
  ClO-                 hypochlorite         ClO-                 hypochlorite
 ClO2-                   chlorite          ClO2-                   chlorite
 ClO3-                   chlorate          ClO3-                   chlorate
 ClO4-                 perchlorate         ClO4-                 perchlorate
 SCN-                  thiocyanate         SCN-                  thiocyanate
COOH-                    formate          COOH-                    formate
 BrO3-                   bromate           BrO3-                   bromate
                Charge = 2-                               Charge = 2-
        2-                                        2-
HPO4               hydrogen phosphate     HPO4               hydrogen phosphate
C2O42-                   oxalate          C2O42-                   oxalate
 SO32-                   sulfite           SO32-                   sulfite
 SO42-                   sulfate           SO42-                   sulfate
 CO32-                  carbonate          CO32-                  carbonate
CrO42-                  chromate          CrO42-                  chromate
Cr2O72-                dichromate         Cr2O72-                dichromate
  O22-                  peroxide            O22-                  peroxide
S2O32-                 thiosulfate        S2O32-                 thiosulfate
                Charge = 3-                               Charge = 3-
       3-                                        3-
 PO4                    phosphate          PO4                    phosphate
 PO33-                  phosphite          PO33-                  phosphite
 BO33-                   borate            BO33-                   borate
                Charge = 1+                               Charge = 1+
       +                                         +
  NH4                 ammonium ion          NH4                 ammonium ion
  H3 O+               hydronium ion         H 3O +              hydronium ion
                Charge = 2+                               Charge = 2+
       2+                                        2+
 Hg2                  mercury(I) ion       Hg2                  mercury(I) ion
                One Molecule                              One Molecule
  NH3                   ammonia             NH3                   ammonia
                       Naming Common Acids                                                                                                    Naming Common Acids
Anion Ending                                              Acid Name                                                    Anion Ending                                              Acid Name
    -ide                                              hydro–(stem)–ic acid                                                 -ide                                              hydro–(stem)–ic acid
    -ite                                                (stem)-ous acid                                                    -ite                                                (stem)-ous acid
    -ate                                                 (stem)-ic acid                                                    -ate                                                 (stem)-ic acid




                                                                     Recognizing




                                                                                                                                                                                            Recognizing
                                                How to




                                                                                                                                                                       How to
                                                Name




                                                                                                                                                                       Name
                                                                                           Type




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Type
 name of + ion then – ion




                                                                                                                        name of + ion then – ion
  Numerals on Group B octa, nona ,deca




                                                                                                                         Numerals on Group B octa, nona ,deca
                                                                     Metal & Non-metal




                                                                                                                                                                                            Metal & Non-metal
   Don’t Forget Roman




                                                                                                                          Don’t Forget Roman
     w/-ide ending




                                                                                                                            w/-ide ending
        Elements




                                                                                                                               Elements
                                                                                           Ionic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ionic
                          names ends with




                                                                                                                                                 names ends with
                           pentoxide, etc




                                                                                                                                                  pentoxide, etc
                                                                     2 non-metlas




                                                                                                                                                                                            2 non-metlas
                           pentaoxide 




                                                                                                                                                  pentaoxide 
                            tetra, penta,




                                                                                                                                                   tetra, penta,
                            mono, di, tri,




                                                                                                                                                   mono, di, tri,
                            hexa, hepta,




                                                                                                                                                   hexa, hepta,
                                                                                           Molecular




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Molecular
                                “ide”




                                                                                                                                                       “ide”
                                           ides”  hydro---ic acid




                                                                                                                                                                  ides”  hydro---ic acid
                                                                     starts w/ H+ cation




                                                                                                                                                                                            starts w/ H+ cation
                                             “ites”  ----ous acid




                                                                                                                                                                    “ites”  ----ous acid
                                              “ates”  ----ic acid




                                                                                                                                                                     “ates”  ----ic acid
                                                                                           Acids




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Acids
                                                                     Ends w/ OH- anion




                                                                                                                                                                                            Ends w/ OH- anion
                                                 cation name then




                                                                                                                                                                        cation name then
                                                    hydroxide




                                                                                                                                                                           hydroxide
                                                                                           Bases




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Bases




Transition Metals Cations (Variable Charge)                                                                            Transition Metals Cations (Variable Charge)
Copper                            Cu+ or Cu2+                        Mercury                           Hg22+ or Hg2+   Copper                            Cu+ or Cu2+                        Mercury                           Hg22+ or Hg2+
Iron                              Fe2+ or Fe3+                       Lead                              Pb2+ or Pb4+    Iron                              Fe2+ or Fe3+                       Lead                              Pb2+ or Pb4+
Tin                               Sn2+ or Sn4+                       Cobalt                            Co2+ or Co3+    Tin                               Sn2+ or Sn4+                       Cobalt                            Co2+ or Co3+
Chromium                          Cr2+ or Cr3+                       Nickel                            Ni2+ or Ni4+    Chromium                          Cr2+ or Cr3+                       Nickel                            Ni2+ or Ni4+
Manganese                         Mn2+ orMn3+                        Gold                              Au+ or Au3+     Manganese                         Mn2+ orMn3+                        Gold                              Au+ or Au3+
                                                                     Silver                            Ag+ or Ag2+                                                                          Silver                            Ag+ or Ag2+
Prefixes:                                                                                                              Prefixes:
mono- , di- , tri-, tetra-, penta-, hexa-,                                                                             mono- , di- , tri-, tetra-, penta-, hexa-,
hepta-, octo-, nano-, deca-                                                                                            hepta-, octo-, nano-, deca-

				
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posted:11/27/2011
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