Symbols and Names of some common Polyatomic Ions and One Molecule by wanghonghx

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									Symbols and Names of some common          Symbols and Names of some common
 Polyatomic Ions and One Molecule          Polyatomic Ions and One Molecule
                Charge = 1-                               Charge = 1-
            -                                         -
H2PO4              dihydrogen phosphate   H2PO4              dihydrogen phosphate
C2H3O2-                  acetate          C2H3O2-                  acetate
 HSO3-               hydrogen sulfite      HSO3-               hydrogen sulfite
 HSO4-               hydrogen sulfate      HSO4-               hydrogen sulfate
 HCO3-             hydrogen carbonate      HCO3-             hydrogen carbonate
 NO2-                     nitrite          NO2-                     nitrite
 NO3-                    nitrate           NO3-                    nitrate
  CN-                    cyanide            CN-                    cyanide
 CNO-                    cyanate           CNO-                    cyanate
  OH-                   hydroxide           OH-                   hydroxide
 MnO4-                permanganate         MnO4-                permanganate
  ClO-                 hypochlorite         ClO-                 hypochlorite
 ClO2-                   chlorite          ClO2-                   chlorite
 ClO3-                   chlorate          ClO3-                   chlorate
 ClO4-                 perchlorate         ClO4-                 perchlorate
 SCN-                  thiocyanate         SCN-                  thiocyanate
COOH-                    formate          COOH-                    formate
 BrO3-                   bromate           BrO3-                   bromate
                Charge = 2-                               Charge = 2-
        2-                                        2-
HPO4               hydrogen phosphate     HPO4               hydrogen phosphate
C2O42-                   oxalate          C2O42-                   oxalate
 SO32-                   sulfite           SO32-                   sulfite
 SO42-                   sulfate           SO42-                   sulfate
 CO32-                  carbonate          CO32-                  carbonate
CrO42-                  chromate          CrO42-                  chromate
Cr2O72-                dichromate         Cr2O72-                dichromate
  O22-                  peroxide            O22-                  peroxide
S2O32-                 thiosulfate        S2O32-                 thiosulfate
                Charge = 3-                               Charge = 3-
       3-                                        3-
 PO4                    phosphate          PO4                    phosphate
 PO33-                  phosphite          PO33-                  phosphite
 BO33-                   borate            BO33-                   borate
                Charge = 1+                               Charge = 1+
       +                                         +
  NH4                 ammonium ion          NH4                 ammonium ion
  H3 O+               hydronium ion         H 3O +              hydronium ion
                Charge = 2+                               Charge = 2+
       2+                                        2+
 Hg2                  mercury(I) ion       Hg2                  mercury(I) ion
                One Molecule                              One Molecule
  NH3                   ammonia             NH3                   ammonia
                       Naming Common Acids                                                                                                    Naming Common Acids
Anion Ending                                              Acid Name                                                    Anion Ending                                              Acid Name
    -ide                                              hydro–(stem)–ic acid                                                 -ide                                              hydro–(stem)–ic acid
    -ite                                                (stem)-ous acid                                                    -ite                                                (stem)-ous acid
    -ate                                                 (stem)-ic acid                                                    -ate                                                 (stem)-ic acid




                                                                     Recognizing




                                                                                                                                                                                            Recognizing
                                                How to




                                                                                                                                                                       How to
                                                Name




                                                                                                                                                                       Name
                                                                                           Type




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Type
 name of + ion then – ion




                                                                                                                        name of + ion then – ion
  Numerals on Group B octa, nona ,deca




                                                                                                                         Numerals on Group B octa, nona ,deca
                                                                     Metal & Non-metal




                                                                                                                                                                                            Metal & Non-metal
   Don’t Forget Roman




                                                                                                                          Don’t Forget Roman
     w/-ide ending




                                                                                                                            w/-ide ending
        Elements




                                                                                                                               Elements
                                                                                           Ionic




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ionic
                          names ends with




                                                                                                                                                 names ends with
                           pentoxide, etc




                                                                                                                                                  pentoxide, etc
                                                                     2 non-metlas




                                                                                                                                                                                            2 non-metlas
                           pentaoxide 




                                                                                                                                                  pentaoxide 
                            tetra, penta,




                                                                                                                                                   tetra, penta,
                            mono, di, tri,




                                                                                                                                                   mono, di, tri,
                            hexa, hepta,




                                                                                                                                                   hexa, hepta,
                                                                                           Molecular




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Molecular
                                “ide”




                                                                                                                                                       “ide”
                                           ides”  hydro---ic acid




                                                                                                                                                                  ides”  hydro---ic acid
                                                                     starts w/ H+ cation




                                                                                                                                                                                            starts w/ H+ cation
                                             “ites”  ----ous acid




                                                                                                                                                                    “ites”  ----ous acid
                                              “ates”  ----ic acid




                                                                                                                                                                     “ates”  ----ic acid
                                                                                           Acids




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Acids
                                                                     Ends w/ OH- anion




                                                                                                                                                                                            Ends w/ OH- anion
                                                 cation name then




                                                                                                                                                                        cation name then
                                                    hydroxide




                                                                                                                                                                           hydroxide
                                                                                           Bases




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Bases




Transition Metals Cations (Variable Charge)                                                                            Transition Metals Cations (Variable Charge)
Copper                            Cu+ or Cu2+                        Mercury                           Hg22+ or Hg2+   Copper                            Cu+ or Cu2+                        Mercury                           Hg22+ or Hg2+
Iron                              Fe2+ or Fe3+                       Lead                              Pb2+ or Pb4+    Iron                              Fe2+ or Fe3+                       Lead                              Pb2+ or Pb4+
Tin                               Sn2+ or Sn4+                       Cobalt                            Co2+ or Co3+    Tin                               Sn2+ or Sn4+                       Cobalt                            Co2+ or Co3+
Chromium                          Cr2+ or Cr3+                       Nickel                            Ni2+ or Ni4+    Chromium                          Cr2+ or Cr3+                       Nickel                            Ni2+ or Ni4+
Manganese                         Mn2+ orMn3+                        Gold                              Au+ or Au3+     Manganese                         Mn2+ orMn3+                        Gold                              Au+ or Au3+
                                                                     Silver                            Ag+ or Ag2+                                                                          Silver                            Ag+ or Ag2+
Prefixes:                                                                                                              Prefixes:
mono- , di- , tri-, tetra-, penta-, hexa-,                                                                             mono- , di- , tri-, tetra-, penta-, hexa-,
hepta-, octo-, nano-, deca-                                                                                            hepta-, octo-, nano-, deca-

								
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