us homework third week1 by niusheng11


									                        United States History
        Reading Assignments/Questions/Study Guide
                               Week #4: 9/9 – 9/14/2011
Reading Assignments: Read the following sections of your text book the day each are
assigned. Be prepared to write about and discuss relevant ideas you read the next day.
      Friday, September 9th: Online Lecture #1, parts 1-3 (The Civil War)
      Monday, September 12th: Chapter 6, Section 1
      Tuesday, September 13th: Chapter 6, Section 2
      Wednesday, September 14th: Chapter 6, Section 3

Questions: The questions below pertain to the indicated section of your reading
assignments. Answer each question thoroughly on a separate sheet of paper.

Friday, September 9h…
   1. Go to the “Podcasts” link on my website
       (… click on the videos in order to
       watch all parts of the online lecture.
   2. Items from the lecture that are considered “fair game” for the test are listed at the
       end of this sheet.
   3. Discussion ideas…
           a. What were the issues that caused the Civil War?
           b. How did interpreting what the Constitution meant or did not mean lead to the
               Civil War? How did the North and South interpret it differently?
           c. What advantages did the North have over the South in fighting the war?
           d. How did the end of the Civil War impact the former slaves?
           e. How did the end of the Civil War change the Constitution?
           f. What problems did the end of the Civil War solve? What problems did it

Monday, September 12th…
  1. What resource does Pattillo Higgins’ story indicate was of vital importance and worth
     a great deal during the industrial revolution?
  2. What is “Black Gold” and how did Edwin L. Drake revolutionize the acquisition of
  3. Why is steel a more preferable construction material compared against iron? How
     did the process developed by Henry Bessemer allow industrialists to change iron into
  4. What impact did the production and refinery of steel have upon the growth of cities
     around America? What are some examples of cities that became important centers of
     steel production? What kind of natural resource were all of these cities built around?
     Why do you suppose?
  5. Why was steel so important for industrialization? What kind of new uses and
     applications did it have?
  6. What inventions of note did Thomas Edison create? What impact upon people’s
     daily lives did these inventions have?
  7. What inventions did Christopher Sholes and Alexander Graham Bell create? How
     did these inventions impact people’s lives?
                       United States History
        Reading Assignments/Questions/Study Guide
                              Week #4: 9/9 – 9/14/2011

Tuesday, September 13th…
   1. Why did the journalist from Harper’s magazine initially like what he saw in the
       industrial town of Pullman? Why did he change his opinion of this town?
   2. What impacts did the growth and development of railroads have upon business and
       people’s personal lives?
   3. What was the significance of the transcontinental railroad? When was it completed –
       and by this point in U.S. history, how many miles of railroad track existed in the
   4. Who was largely responsible for the construction of the railroads? What were
       working conditions on the railroads like?
   5. How did railroads ultimately impact the United States – even to the point of how we
       told time?
   6. How did railroads contribute to the creation of many new towns and cities across the
   7. Who was George Pullman and how did he use the railroads to expand and branch out
       his business?
   8. What was Credit Mobilier – and how was it used to cheat the U.S. government?
   9. Who were Grangers – and why were they frustrated with the railroads?
   10. What was the Interstate Commerce Act – and why could it be considered a victory for
       the “little-guy” over Big Business?
   11. What was the Panic of 1893? What caused it?
Wednesday, September 14th…
  1. Who was Andrew Carnegie and why is his life used as an example of a “rags to
      riches” story?
  2. How do vertical and horizontal integration compare and contrast? How did Carnegie
      use these styles of business management to become vastly wealthy?
  3. What is Social Darwinism? Which kind of Americans liked this philosophy, which
      did not?
  4. What does consolidation mean? How did Social Darwinism allow for the growth and
      consolidation of American businesses? How was John D. Rockefeller an example of
      this growth and consolidation?
  5. What is a “robber baron” and who were some specific examples?
  6. What was the Sherman Anti-Trust Act and what were it’s purposes?
  7. Why was industrialization concentrated in the North – why did it not take root in the
  8. What are labor unions and what conditions caused their creation? What were
      examples of early labor unions and what were their goals?
  9. How do craft unions and industrial unions differ? What kind of workers and labor do
      each organize? What is socialism and why was it associated with the IWW?
  10. What are strikes? Why did people go on strike – such as at the Haymarket Affair, the
      Homestead Strike, and the Pullman Strike? How and why did they sometimes
      become violent?
  11. How did women contribute to the movement to organize labor unions?
  12. What sort of pressure did unions face from government and from business
                        United States History
        Reading Assignments/Questions/Study Guide
                               Week #4: 9/9 – 9/14/2011

Study Guide: The terms and people listed below are all considered “fair game” for the
purpose of testing. Students should know the significance of each. This list does not include
people/terms from work we may learn about in class. Remember, you are allowed to use
only ONE sheet of 8½” x 11” paper as a cheat sheet on your tests – you’ll need to know
much of this stuff in your head… so study!!!
Key ideas from lecture: Mason-Dixon Line, 3/5ths Compromise, Robert E. Lee, Abraham
Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman, Emancipation Proclamation,
Sherman’s March to the Sea, Abolitionists, “40 Acres and a Mule”, Reconstruction, Radical
Republicans, Freedman’s Bureau, Black Codes, Andrew Johnson, 13th – 14th – 15th
Amendments, Carpet Baggers, Scalawags, Sharecroppers, Ku Klux Klan, Jim Crow, Plessy
v. Ferguson
Terms to know:
Bessemer Process, Transcontinental Railroad, Credit Mobilier, Munn v. Illinois, Interstate
Commerce Act, Grange/Grangers, Vertical & Horizontal Integration, Social Darwinism,
Sherman Anti-Trust Act, American Federation of Labor (AFL), Industrial Workers of the
World (IWW), Robber Barons, Consolidation
 People to know:

Edwin L. Drake, Henry Bessemer, Thomas A. Edison, Christopher Sholes, Alexander
Graham Bell, George M. Pullman, Andrew Carnegie, John D. Rockefeller, Samuel Gompers,
Mary Harris Jones

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