Second Industrial Revolution Study Guide Industrial Revolution: What are the five factors needed to foster Industrial growth? Which one is the most important? Be able to give examples of each and explain their importance. What are the three most important innovations during the late nineteenth century? What major byproducts may be made out of these innovations? What is an industrial revolution? How did many of the inventions from the Second Industrial Revolution effect men and women? What is the difference between the first and second industrial revolutions? Industries and Inventions: Who is Edwin L. Drake? What is black gold? Where was this found? Who is Christopher Sholes? Who is Professor C.F. Dowd? What is the Bessemer Process? What is its purpose? How was steel made prior to this process? Who is Henry Bessemer? Was he the original man to create this process? What was the dilemma between Bessemer and this other man? How did the Bessemer process impact the country? What is the standard gauge? What is the Transcontinental Railroad? Where did it start? What was its purpose? What companies worked on the Transcontinental Railroad? Where were there origins? What immigrant groups worked on the Transcontinental Railroad? Where did they meet? What signifies this joining? What were the social and economic impacts of the Transcontinental Railroad? Where was it created? What problems did the Railroad have? What were some of the solutions? Who was George Pullman? What did he invent? Who is Thomas Alva Edison? Why is he important? Name at least three inventions that Edison designed. What and who invented the telephone? The Rise of Big Business: What is Capitalism? What are the major rules of Capitalism? What is Capital? What is Standard Oil? Who ran Standard Oil? What business tactics did this gentleman use? Where did Standard Oil begin? What is a Robber Baron? What is a Captain of Industry? Who is Andrew Carnegie? What corporation did he create? What was it later called? What business strategies did Carnegie implement? How was Carnegie not your typical robber baron? What city did Carnegie influence? What is the Gospel of Wealth? What is conspicuous consumption? What is Social Darwinism? Who is Charles Darwin? What is natural selection? What is the theory of evolution? Government Policy: What is Laissez Faire? How does the government utilize its economic policy to influence businesses? What is interstate commerce? Why is this important? How does this impact business? How did these two institutions impact government policies? How did these two institutions impact the social structure? What was the problem with the government and the regulation of commerce? Who was in favor of the people? Who was in favor of the corporations? What is the Sherman Anti-Trust Act? What is the Interstate Commerce Act? Were they effective? Strikes and Labor Unions: What is the National Labor Union? How did they attempt to achieve social change? Who are the Knights of Labor? Who is Samuel Gompers? What major strikes did each of these unions possess? What four things do unions strike for? What is the Great Railroad Strike of 1877? What is the Haymarket riot? What are anarchists? Who are the Industrial Workers of the World? Who is Eugene V. Debs? What is the Homestead Strike? How did the government utilize the Sherman Anti-Trust Act? What is the Pullman strike? Who is the Pinkerton Detective Agency? Who is Charles Darwin? What book did he write? What was the CNLU? What was the ILGWU? Who is Mary Harris Jones? What is a yellow dog contract? Why is the United States government afraid of unions? Communism: What is Communism? How does this theory operate? Who is the founder of this idea? What are the differences between the Capitalism and Communism? Name countries that utilize communism?
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