Elements of Journalism

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					Elements of Journalism

 ASNE/Missouri Journalism
       Workshop
        July 13, 2009
Journalist’s Creed
Mike’s Conclusion
Our Text
      Journalism’s Purpose
• The primary purpose of journalism is
  to provide citizens the information
  they need to be free and self-
  governing.
• The primary purpose of journalism is
  to provide citizens the information
  they need to fulfill their potential.
          Big Hurdle

• Framing issues
Creed Origins
Creed Origins
Creed Origins
Journalism is not rocket
        science

     It’s harder

 Writing is art & craft
           --
    custom work
Journalism is …


Science-like

Journalism is

 Verification
Origins of Journalism
     Elements of Journalism
3. Verification
  – Think like a scientist
    about news
  – Focus on methods
     and processes
    in gathering
    and presenting
          Techniques
• Involve colleagues
• Verify content of other
  reports from other media
• Use multiple sources
• Present many sides
• Don’t add what was not
  there
          Techniques
• Avoid/prove modifiers
• Test assumptions
• Limit use of anonymous
  sources
• Conduct accuracy checks
• Disclose sources,
  methods
     Origins of Journalism
• Journalism becomes democratic
       Elements of Journalism
8. Make news
   comprehensive &
   proportional
 – Make good maps
 – Learn from your
   audience
   •   What information
       do they need
       to fulfill their potential?
     Elements of Journalism
3. Its essence is a discipline
   of verification
  – Peel the onion
    • Ask & answer
      important
      questions
        What we’ll consider:
• Purpose of Journalism
• Elements of craft
• Essence of
  journalism –
  verification
Benefits

       • Meaning &
       Purpose
       •Frame to
       evaluate it
       •Confidence to
       produce it
      Origins of Journalism
• Social Responsibility
• Objectivity
  –Process
  –Not the outcome
      Origins of Journalism
• Journalism of Affirmation
• Journalism of Assertion
• Journalism of Aggregation
      Journalism’s Purpose
• … provide our audience the
  information they need
     Elements of Journalism
1. Journalism’s first obligation
   is to truth
  – Functional truth
    • Get facts right
    • Get the right facts
    • Report truth about the facts
      – A sorting-out process
     Elements of Journalism
2. Its first loyalty is to the
   audience

            Loyalty =
          Independence
    Elements of Journalism
4. Maintain independence
   from factions
 – Open-minded
 – Commentators
   share same
   allegiance
   to facts
    Elements of Journalism
5. Serve as independent
   monitor of power
 • And give voice
   to voiceless
     Elements of Journalism
6. Provide public forum
  – Invite feedback
    Elements of Journalism
7. Present engaging,
   relevant stories
 – Storytelling &
   information
   not at odds
 – Consider wider
   range of story
   types
    Elements of Journalism
9. Exercise your personal
   conscience
 – Create spirit
   of questioning
 – Challenge content
   & approaches –
   not personal integrity
      Journalism’s Purpose
• … provide the audience the
  information they need…
          Transparency
• Black box to fish bowl
            Verification
• Fiction
 – Creates facts
• Persuasion
 – Selects & Confirms
• Journalism
 – Verifies
 – Peels the onion

				
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posted:11/26/2011
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