Unit 2 Values
Part I: New words and expressions(2- 26)
PartⅡ: Pre-reading Task(27)
Part Ⅲ :While-reading Task(28)
Part Ⅳ: Writing (29)
1.He imagined what surely awaited: He imagined wha
was surely to see.
2. remote: far away in space or time
E.g.: The supply of electricity to remote
mountainous villages is one of the local develop-me
projects in Yunnan province.
Taming the deserts is no longer a dream of the
remote future but a practical human endeavor.
3. discount: amount of money which may be taken off
E.g.: Traditional retailers who’ve opened
Cyberstores may offer special discounts to online
Though online bookstores usually offer discounts,
don’t expect to save much.
4. It was nice, but no palace: The house was nice, but not
5. Only in America can a billionaire carry on like plain
folks…: It is only in America that a billionaire can live in
the same way as ordinary people…
Only: In writing and formal speech, you can put “only”
at the beginning of a sentence, followed by
The word, word group, or clause it modifies, and
then you put an auxiliary or “be” followed by the
subject of the main clause.
E.g.: Only here was it safe to prepare and handle
Only then did peter realize that he still
hadn’t phoned his mother.
Only when the injured limb is fully mobile
will the runner be encouraged to re-strengthen it.
Carry on: behave or conduct oneself in a specific
E.g.: There’s nothing unusual about them. They
carry on just like everybody else.
He carries on as if he were a millionaire,
spending money left, right and centre.
folk: people in general (You can refer to people
as folk or folks.)
E.g.: They got married and had kids and lived
like other folks.
These are the folks from the local TV
get away with: do sth. Wrong or risky without
Being caught or punished
E.g.: They claimed that they knew how to play
the system and get away with it.
Eric has been getting away with tax fraud
6. Bird dogs: dogs which hunt birds
7. Local: of or for a particular place
E.g.: The plane was to take off at 6 a.m. and land
at 7 a.m. local time.
Three-quarters of the investment needed to
host the Olympics would be borne by central and
8. Treatment: the way you deal with sb. Or behave
towards them (followed by of)
E.g.: Like everyone else, I resent his cruel treatment
of his old father.
The old woman suffered from bad treatment at
the hands of her sons. None of them were willing to
take care of her.
9. By/from all accounts: according to what everyone
E.g.: Tom, by all accounts, is a superb teacher.
The Chinese football team will play the
Koreans tonight. It should be a match worth
watching, by all accounts.
10. Cheerful: (of sb.) happy in a lively, energetic
way; (of sth.) making you feel happy
E.g.: One of the reasons why she is successful is
that she is able to remain cheerful in a crisis.
They are both very cheerful in spite of their
The kindergarten is bright and cheerful,
with plenty of toys.
I like songs with cheerful tunes.
11. blend in/into: If sb. blends into a particular
group or situation, or if they blend in, they seem
to belong there or are not noticeable, because
their behavior is similar to that of the other
people involved. (used in the patterns: blend in;
blend in; blend into sth.; blend in with sth.)
E.g.: What he said reinforced my determination
to blend in with my surroundings.
As a newly-appointed manager, he was not
sure whether he could blend in.
The painter blended in with the crowd at the art
12. Throw one’s weight around: behave in an
aggressively arrogant way
E.g.: Mr. Smith is not much of a manager. He
always throws his weight around.
Folks don’t like their chairman as he always
throws his weight around.
1) order or book (a seat, book, room, table, etc.)
E.g.: The service at that five-star restaurant is
Excellent. I’ll reserve a table for five there.
Demand will be huge, so ask your friends to
reserve tickets for the concert.
2)keep for a special use (used in the pattern: be
reserved for sb./sth.)
E.g.: In the United States lanes are reserved for
cars with more than one occupant.
Some seats on the buses are reserved for the old.
14. “Look, he’s just not that way.” : “You see, he is
not the sort of person to reserve seats for himself.”
15. Open up: unlock and open the door so that
people can get in
E.g.: Open up, or I break in.
They open the school up at 7:45 a.m. so that
students can have more sleep.
16. It buried the Forbes list at the bottom of page 2.:
The Forbes list was arranged at the bottom of
page 2 in the Benton County Daily Democrat so
that it could not be found easily.
17. headline: the title of a newspaper article, printed
above the article in large letters
E.g.: Headlines in the newspaper are arranged
so that they attract attention.
The headlines in the newspapers were to
please millions of people in China: Beijing to
host the 2008 Olympic Games.
18. hold to: keep to
E.g.: John holds to his belief that you can be
successful as long as you work hard.
She always holds passionately to the view
that her mother is an angel.
19. stock: shares of a company that are sold to
E.g.: You’d better get professional advice before
buying stocks or bonds.
After a dull start, stock prices moved ahead
20. on the run: continuously active and moving
about; try to avoid being captured
E.g.: I have to be on the run from one office to
another to get the permit to open a take-away
He is on the run from the police.
21. steer clear of: keep away from
E.g.: Children are told to steer clear of
Members of the club steer clear of
controversial issues such as religion.
22. But the real story in his mind is…: But what is
always on his mind is…
23. make up: form the whole of (sth.)
E.g.: Women make up nearly 50% of university
The college is made up of fourteen
departments and five research centers.
24. liable: likely (to do sth.)
E.g.: It’s liable to snow heavily tomorrow.
The sports meeting is liable to be postponed
until next week because of the bad weather.
25. as laid down…: as established
lay down: officially establish a rule, or officially
state the way in which sth. must be done
E.g.: Conditions for membership are laid down in
the soccer club rules.
The school authorities have issued a new
booklet laying down regulations for students.
26. loyalty: the quality of staying firm in your
friendship or support for sb./sth.; a strong feeling
that one wants to be faithful to sb./sth. (followed
E.g.: My father is a soccer fan. His loyalty to the
local team has taken him all over the country to
see them play.
Once his mind was made up, General Lee
never changed his loyalty to the South.
27. system:1) set of ideas, theories, principles, etc.
according to which sth. is done
E.g.: Most of the teachers are doing research
work, trying to find a good system of teaching
The classification of the books in the library
follows the Dewey Decimal System.
All the employees are required to work on an
2) group of things or parts working together
as a whole
E.g.: With the further development of
automation, more complicated control systems
have come into being.
Manned space vehicles have life-support
systems designed to meet all the physical needs of
28. cut prices and margins to the bone: reduce
prices and margins considerably or dramatically
29. qualify: have or give (sb.) a legal right (to
sth./to do sth.) (followed by for or infinitive to)
E.g.: A few useful skills—English teaching, for
example—qualified foreigners for work visas.
Highly trained staff are well qualified to
give practical advice to students when they select
30. option: 1) (in business) an agreement or
contract that gives sb. the right to buy or sell sth.
such as property or shares at a future date
E.g.: With cash, stock options and the promise of
vast resources, Microsoft has attracted faculty
elites to its research center.
Jones has taken an option on that house.
2) sth. you can choose to do
E.g.: She has the option of entering graduate
school or starting her professional career.
Analysts say that the launch of the euro
offers a new and attractive option.
31. scholarship: (award of a) grant of money to a
E.g.: He can’t afford to go to college if he
doesn’t win a scholarship.
Some companies have set up scholarships
for both students and teachers at our university.
32. and the like: and other things of the same sort
If you mention particular things or people and
then add “and the like”, you are indicating that
there are other similar things or people that can
be included in what you are saying.
E.g.: Many students are also keeping fit through
jogging, aerobics, weight training, and the like.
Always carry your passport, money and the
like with you while you are traveling abroad.
33. cultivate: 1) make a special effort to establish
and develop (sth.)
E.g.: They encourage students to cultivate special
interests in theoretical physics.
Some students try to cultivate a love of art.
2) prepare land and grow crops on it
E.g.: They cultivated 500 acres in the suburb.
The remote area has barely been cultivated
34. reward: give sth. to (sb.) in return for work or
services (used in the pattern: reward sb. for sth.
E.g.: The officer is to be rewarded for his efforts
with promotion to the rank of inspector.
If you do well in the final exams, I will
reward you with a trip to Hong Kong.
35. retire: (cause to) stop working at one’s job, usu.
Because of age (followed by from)
E.g.: Although their careers are important they
plan to retire at 50.
The school had to employ the retired
teachers to give classes.
36. … who was stunned at such generosity after the
stingy employer he left to join Wal-Mart:… who,
having left his stingy employer to join Wal-Mart,
was shocked at such generosity by Walton
37. come/get aboard: (Ame, infml) join
E.g.: New employees who came aboard in the
last six weeks have not been tested.
This is her second promotion since coming
38. the way they’re treated: how they’re treated
When “the way” is followed by a defining
relative clause, this clause can be either a “that”
clause or a clause beginning with “in which”. For
example, you can say “the way she told the
story”, “the way that she told the story”, or “the
way in which she told the story”. There is no
E.g.: Scientists have spent years studying the
way the brain retains information.
The information highway will have an
unimaginable impact on the way people
communicate with each other.
39. deserve: be sth. or have done sth. for which one
should receive (a reward, special treatment, etc.);
be entitled to (not used in the continuous tense)
E.g.: I am only partly responsible for the success
of this book, my collaborator deserves more
They deserve a better salary for the job they
Mary deserves a reward for her efforts.
Part Ⅱ Pre-reading task
(students' book: page 32 )
1. Who is it about?
2. What happened to him one day
3. Do you think it was worthwhile to
walk two or three miles to pay back
the six and a quarter cents?
4. Is the story related to the theme
of the unit– values.
Part Ⅲ While reading task:
1) T asks students to think about questions on
Ss’ book (Page 39) and choose some of students
2). T asks to scan the text to see if there is any
natural dividing lines separating it into parts.
( The text can be divided into three parts.
Between each part, there is a blank line.)
3).T draws Ss’ attention to Text Organization
Exercise1(Ss’ book, Page 40), guides them
through the directions, so that they can grasp the
main function of each part
Part Ⅳ Writing
Let students read page61 of Ss’
book and write an invitation.
They are many doors
to your dream, and
you decide how many
you can open.