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Don’t be intimidated by the 956 page book
Chicago Manual
 956 pages of Fun!
        Content revisions:
           - Updated Materials throughout to reflect current style,
            technology, and professional practice
           - New coverage of journals and electronic publications
           - Comprehensive new chapter on American English grammar
            and usage by Bryan A. Garner (author of A Dictionary of
            Modern American Usage)
           - Updated and rewritten chapter on preparing mathematical
           - Reorganized and updated chapters on documentation,
            including guidance on citing electronic sources
           - Streamlined coverage of current design and production
            processes, with a glossary of key terms
           - New diagrams of the editing and production process4es for
            both books and journals, keyed to chapter discussions
           - Descriptive headings on all numbered paragraphs for ease
            of reference
           - New expanded Web site with special tools and features for
            Manual users -
You’ve gotta start somewhere: Title Page

                               Write the full
                                title a few
                              spaces from the
                             top of the page.

                                           Write the
                                        author’s name in
                                        the total center
                                          of the page.

                               Write the course
                              title (English 210),
                               instructor’s name,
                                and date (April
                                8, 2010) on the
                                  bottom of the

            Everything on the title page is centered!
Headers and Formatting

 You should    The page        Type either
 have page     number          your name
 numbers on    should be       or a
 every page    Arabic          shortened
 except the    (1,2,3) and     title next to
 title page.   in the top      the page
               right corner.   number.

   Layout includes such things as the type of paper chosen, the margins, the
    line spacing, the pagination, and the incorporation of equations,
    illustrations, and references. Table 1 presents general specifications for the
    page layouts.

   Specifications for Page Layout
   Margins standard (about 1 inch)
   Line spacing single space (unless other requested)
   Indentations (optional) standard tab for all paragraphs (about 0.4-0.5
You may use headings to better organize your paper. The organization of headings is a little bit like an outline,
    with varying levels of headings and subheadings that aid in organization. You don't number each heading in
    as you do with an outline, but you can use up to five different levels of headings and subheadings:

    The headings formatting requirements include:

    FIRST LEVEL. The first level headings should be centered above their associated text blocks. Use headline-
    style capitalization, and you may use either bold, italics, or underline characters.

    SECOND LEVEL. Type the second level heading centered in headline-style capitalization in standard text.
    Do not use any italics, bold, or underline characters.

    THIRD LEVEL. The third level heading is left-aligned, using headline-style capitalization. You may use bold,
    italics, or underline characters with the third-level heading.

    FOURTH LEVEL. For the fourth level of heading, switch to sentence-style capitalization. Left-align the text,
    and do not use any bold, italics, or underline characters.

    FIFTH LEVEL. With the fifth level of heading, you will indent the heading, using it like a lead-in sentence to a
    paragraph, complete with a period at the end of the heading. The fifth-level heading should consist of
    italics, bold, or underline characters. Use sentence-style capitalization with the fifth-level heading.
                        First Level of Heading (centered)
   Main text continues as normal (indented).

                      Second Level of Heading (centered)
   Main text continues as normal (indented).

Third Level of Heading (left-align)
   Main text continues as normal (indented).

Fourth level of heading (left-align)
   Main text continues as normal (indented).

   Fifth level of heading. (indented) Main text follows immediately ...

Avoiding Plagiarism

                 Plagiarism is…
                    …using someone else’s
                    words or ideas as though
                    they were your own.

                      …deliberately stealing
                      someone’s work.

                      …paying someone to write
                      a paper.

                      …a serious offense.
When to Cite

You DO need to cite:            You DON’T need to cite:

   When using someone else’s      Your own unique ideas
    exact words                    Common knowledge
   When using someone else’s
    data (statistics, etc.)
   When using someone else’s
    figures (tables, graphs,
   When stating someone’s
    unique idea
Common Knowledge vs.             When in
Unique Ideas                     Doubt…CITE!

                       Don’t need to cite:
                             Ideas widely believed to be true.
                             Folklore, stories, songs, or saying without
                              an author but commonly known.
                             Quotations widely known and used.
                             Information shared by most scholars in
                              your discipline.
In-text citations never seemed simpler

   To signify the use of     The superscript
  an outside source, use
   a superscript Arabic    number will follow
         number.            the punctuation.1

                 The notes for the
                  citation will be
                   included on a
               separate page at the
                 end of the paper.
More formatting

            The text will be double-
          spaced throughout (including
           block quotes), prior to the
                  notes page.

          Margins should be set at 1”
            top, bottom and sides.

              Warning: This is where
            Chicago gets kind of tricky.

           Center title “Notes” at the top
             of the page of endnotes.

             Number the citations in the
           order they appear in the text.
Endnotes: Books

        Book:                     Edited
                                      7. Ted Poston, A First
           1.Author’s first and   Draft of History, ed.
       last name, Title (City:    Kathleen A.
       Publisher, Year), page     Hauke(Athens: University
       number.                    of Georgia Press, 2000),

          6. Virginia Woolf, A
       Room of One’s Own
       (New York: Mariner
       Books, 2005), 204.
Endnotes: Periodicals

              •      1. Author’s name, “Article Title,” Journal
 Article in   •
                Title Volume#, Issue # (Year): Page numbers.
                     16. Jonathan Zimmerman, "Ethnicity and
 Journal:       the History Wars in the1920s," Journal of
                American History 87, no. 1 (2000): 101.

 Article in   •      16. Eugene F. Provenzo Jr., "Time
  Online          Exposure," Educational Studies34, no. 2
                  (2003): 266,
Endnotes: Newspapers and Magazines

   2. Linda Greenhouse, “Across the Border, Over the Line,” The New York Times,
April 8, 2010.

   14. Sarah Kliff, “Stupak won’t seek Reelection,” Newsweek, April 6, 2010, 55.
Endnotes: Website


                                    5. Bob Smith, “How to Write a
   1. First name Last name,     Chicago Endnote,”,
“Web Page,” Website,            Chicago Helpers,
Sponsor of Website, full URL.
Endnotes Oddities

   Unlike MLA and
     APA citation       You only write
   pages, the first      out the full
  line of a citation   endnote the first
     is indented,          time. All
     followed by         consequent
     left-aligned       endnotes are
          lines.        abbreviated.
Abbreviated endnotes

Author’s Last Name, Shortened       Use the word “Ibid” if you
   Version of Title (in either     have to consecutive endnotes
 quotes or italics, depending),     using the same source, and
      and Page Number.                    give the page.
• Wilson, “Antarctica,” 6.        • Ibid, 7.
• Jones, Swimming Lessons, 17.    • If you are using the same
                                    page as the previous
                                    endnote, just write “Ibid.”
And now for something completely
different: Bibliography
          Some instructors will ask for a bibliography
                     as well as endnotes.

           A bibliography will come after the page(s)
                         of endnotes.

          It will be an alphabetical listing of all of the
           works you consulted in researching for your
            paper, including the ones you did not cite.
  Bibliography: Books
                                       • Last Name, First Name. Title. City:
                                               Publisher, Year.
                                       • Woolf, Virginia. A Room of One’s
                                               Own. New York: Mariner
                                               Books, 2005.

                                       Edited Book:
                                       • Poston, Ted. A First Draft of History.
                                               Edited by Kathleen A. Hauke.
                                               Athens: University of Georgia
                                               Press, 2000.

Notice: In the bibliography, the first line will be left-aligned and the consecutive lines will
be spaced over to the right (as displayed above).
Bibliography: Periodicals
              Article in Journal:
              • Zimmerman, Jonathan. "Ethnicity
                     and the History Wars in the
                     1920s."Journal of American
                     History 87, no. 1 (2000): 92-

              Article in Online Journal:
              • Provenzo, Eugene F., Jr. "Time
                      Exposure." Educational
                      Studies 34, no. 2 (2003):
Bibliography: Newspapers and

             • Greenhouse, Linda. “Across the Border, Over the Line,” The New York Times, April
                     8, 2010.

             • Kliff, Sarah. “Stupak won’t seek Reelection.” Newsweek, April 6, 2010, 55.

Bibliography: Website
                                         THANK YOU!

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                                                         (417) 836-5006

              Michael Frizell                                                                Diana Garland
        Director of Student Learning Services                                            Director of the Learning Commons

           Meyer Library 112                                                              Meyer Library 113                                       
             (417) 836-5006                                                                 (417) 836-4229

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