Unit Sheet: Industrial Revolution
Richard Arkwright, James Hargreaves, Edmund Cartwright
Thomas Malthus, David Ricardo
Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels
John Stuart Mill
Charles “Turnip” Townshend
1. What important agricultural changes took place which helped set the stage for the rise
2. Where did the Industrial Revolution begin, and why there?
3. What was mechanization, and why was it important?
4. Why did factory owners develop a preference for female and younger workers? What
factors determined wages for factory workers?
5. How were the lives of factory workers different from those of people in the middle
6. What is necessary for mass production to operate? What is the great advantage of this
kind of production?
7. What are corporations, and how did they help to encourage the industrial revolution?
8. What is a business cycle?
9. Why did Adam Smith think that government should stay out of economic affairs?
10. What “dismal” ideas did Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo come up with?
11. What was the attitude of the humanitarians and the utilitarians towards industrialism?
12. What kinds of efforts were made by workers to win better treatment in England?
13. What was the basic idea behind socialism or communism?
14. What were the key ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels? How were they
translated into political movements in Western Europe in the 19th century?
Tuesday 3/20: Chapter 22, secs. 1-3
Thursday 3/22: Chapter 22, secs. 4-5
Tuesday: 3/20: Concept questions 1-8
Thursday: 3/22: Concept questions 9-14
Friday: 3/23: Test on the Industrial Revolution
Monday: 3/26: Invention Advertisement Assignment
Topics for Industrial Revolution Project
Cyrus McCormick John Deere
John Kay James King
James Hargreaves John Wilkinson
Richard Arkwright Richard Trevithick
Samuel Crompton Thomas Adams
Edmund Cartwright John Moses Browning
Thomas Newcomen William S. Burroughs
James Watt George Eastman
Henry Bessemer Anna Baldwin
Charles Goodyear Willis Carrier
George Stephenson James Murray Spangler
Samuel Cunard Isaac Singer
Samuel F. B. Morse Henry Mill
Guglielmo Marconi Elisha Otis
Gottlieb Daimler, Karl Benz Joseph Lister
Edward Jenner John Walker
Laszlo Biro Alexander Fleming
Alessandro Volta Michael Faraday
Charles Frederic Gerhardt, Felix Hoffman
The people on the other side of the page were all responsible for inventing something of
importance, and most of these inventions continue to be important in improved forms
You are to do the following for your subject. Find out what they invented and create a
one-page advertising poster for this item. It should contain some kind of picture of the
invention in a practical form. This should be a version of the item contemporary to the
inventor; in many cases you should be able to get a picture of the original item. You
should also include ad copy that explains how this invention is going to change people’s
lives (and so why they should want one). Also, include a price, both as it would have
been priced at the time and the equivalent in modern currency (I will show you how to do
this later at http://eh.net/hmit/
Along with your advertisement, you should hand in a short essay which tells the story of
the invention. Include information such as a brief bio of the inventor, what he (or she in
one case) was trying to accomplish, how quickly the invention became popular, and
whether or not the inventor made any money on it.
This will be due on Monday, March 26th, and will be worth 50 points